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ScientificQiExplorationMeridiansandOrgans.YinOrgans
December20,2011MartinEisen

ScientificQiExploration.Part17a.

MeridiansandOrgans.YinOrgans
byMartyEisenPh.D.
1.Introduction

First,theChineseconceptsofMeridiansandOrganswillbeintroducedinaseriesofarticles.Then,
possiblewesternscientificexplanationofsomeoftheseconceptswillbegiveninsubsequentparts.
Morescientificresearchisstillrequiredtoexplainsomeoftheseideas.
Chineseconceptswillbedenotedbycapitallettersandwesternconceptsbylowercaseletters.For
example,theHeartinChineseMedicineisdifferentthantheheartinWesternMedicine.
ThetheoryofMeridians,Collaterals,ZangfuOrgans,Qi,Blood,etc.wasdevelopedfromthe
observationofsymptomsandsignsofdiseases,thetransmissionsofacupunctureneedling
sensations,Tuina(Chineseremedialmassage,Daoyin(ancientQigongbreathing)andancient
anatomicknowledgebasedoncenturiesofclinicalpracticeinChinesemedicine.
Chapter33intheClassicoftheMiraculousPivot,(LingshuJing),statesthatinternallythe12
PrimaryMeridiansconnectwiththetheZangfuOrgansandexternallywiththethejoints,limbsand
othersuperficialbodilytissues,transportingQiandBloodtomourishtheZangfuorgans,skin,
muscles,tendonsandbones.
Chapter10intheClassicoftheMiraculousPivotstatesthattheMeridiansandCollateralsareso
importantthattheydeterminelifeanddeathinthetreatmentofdiseasesandtheregulationof
excessanddefficiencyconditions.Thus,onemustgainathoroughunderstandingofthem.
TheChannelscanbeclassifiedintofourcategories:Jing(tomovethrough),Luo(anet),
Muscle/TendonandSkinZones:(i)TheJingChannelsarethe12PrimaryMeridians,8
ExtraordinaryChannelsand12DivergentorCuriousMeridians.(ii)TheLuoChannelsincludethe
15MajorCollaterals,MinuteCollateralsandSuperficialCollaterals.(iii)The12Muscle/Tendons
Channelswhichserveasexternalconnectionsofthe12PrimaryMeridianstothemusclesmuscles,
tendonsandligaments.(iv)Thecutaneousregionsare12distinctareasonthesurfaceofthe
bodywithinthedomainsofthe12PrimaryMeridiansacordingtoChapter56ofHuangdiNeijingSu
Wen(PlainQuestions:YellowEmperorsInternalCanonofMedicine).Somemodernbooksaddthe
cutaneousregionsofConceptionVesselandGoverningVesselssothatthereare14cutaneous
regions.
ZangfuisthegeneraltermforOrgansinChinesemedicine.BothZangandFumeanorgan.The
characterforZangiscomposedoftwoparts,oneindicatingfleshandtheotherindicatingto
store.ThisshowsthattheZang(Yin)Organsareinchargeofstoringvitalsubstances.Onepartof
theFuideogrammeansfleshandtheothermeansseatofgovernment.ThisindicatesthatFu
(Yang)Organsmainlyreceiveanddigestfood,andtransmitandexcretewastes,justasthe
ancientChinesegovernmentwasinchargeoffooddistribution.
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Zangfuarenotliketheorgansinwesternmedicine,sincetheyalsohaveotherpropertiessuchas
spiritualandneurological.ThesixZangOrgansaretheHeart,Pericardium,Lung,Spleen,Liverand
Kidney.TheFuOrgansaretheLargeIntestine,SanJiao(TripleBurner),SmallIntestine,Stomach,
GallbladderandBladder.TheBrain,Marrow,Bones,GallbladderandUterusareknownasthe
ExtraordinaryOrgansandstorevarioussubstances.TheOrgansandtheirconnectionwiththe
ChannelsappearinFigure1.

Figure1ChannelsandOrgans,TheirConnectionsandEnergyFlow
ThereisastructuralandfunctionalconnectionbetweentheZangandFuOrgansindividuallyas
wellascollectively,andalsobytheMeridiansandCollateralswiththeseOrgansandthefivesense
organsandtissues.TheClassifiedClassicsbyZhangJiebin(15621639)statetheZangfuOrgans
arelocatedinteriorlyandmanifestedexteriorly.Therefore,thetheoryoftheseOrgansiscalled
ZangXiang,whereZangreferstotheirinteriorlocationandXiangdenotestheirmanifestationsor
image.
2.Formationofthe8ExtraordinaryChannelsandthe12Meridians
ThefollowingtheoryisoneofthetheoriestaughtattheHaiDanMedicalQigongCollegeinBeijing,
China(1).TheancientChinesedidnothaveanideaofcellsandtheirdivision.Moderntheories
postulatethatthechannelsareformedattheearlieststageofcelldivisiontocreateanenergy
matrixforthedevelopingfetus.
Thefollowingthreeenergiescombineinthedevelopingfetus:Jing(Essence),Qi(Energy)and
Shen(Spirit).Jingnourishesthetissuesandisthefoundationalbodilysubstance.Qiemergesfrom
thecirculatingJingandpromotesthebodysmetabolism.Shengovernsthebody.Collectively,they
arecalledtheThreeTreasuresofMan.
ThefathersspermandthemotherseggcontaintheseThreeTreasuresandtheywillbereferredto
asFatherQiandMotherQi,respectively.ThecombinationofFatherandMotherQiisknownas
Yuan(Original)Qi.
ThequantityandqualityofYuanQithebabyreceivesatconceptiondependsontheconditionof
theparentsspermandegg,theirhealth(physical,mentalandspiritual)atconceptionandkarma,
whichisbroughtintothelifebytheincomingspirit/soul.
Uponenteringtheovum,thespermproducesapolaraxisthatcreatesanenergeticvortex.This
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centralvortexcreatestheTaijiPole,drawsQifromHeavenandEarthandtheEternalSoulintothe
fetus.
TheTaijiPolehasbeendescribedbysomepeoplethroughameditativeprocess.Itappearstobea
verticalcolumnofbrilliantwhitelight,fullofvibrationsandenergeticpuslsations.Thischannel
flowsfromtheBahuipointatthetopofthehead,throughthecenterofthebodytotheHuiyin
pointatthecenteroftheperineum.ItconnectsthethreeDantians.Thecharacteristicsofthe
energieslocatedthereareunknownandhavenotbeendetectedbymodernscientificmethods.
ThispolarizationnotonlyproducestheTaijiPolebutalsodeterminesaventralanddorsalsurface,
whichcontaintheembryosConception(Ren)andGoverning(Du)Vessels,respectively,produced
uponthefirstcleavageofthefertilizedegg.Thefirstcelldivisionalsoestablishesaleftandright
sidecontainingtheYinandYangHeelvessels.
TheBeltandThrustingVesselsformatthetimeofthesecondcelldivision.Thefourvessels(Ren,
Du,BeltandThrusting)areinterlinkedfortheproduction,circulationandregulationoftheJingof
thefetus.Thebodysenergysystemisestablishedandmaintainedbythesefourvesselswhencell
divisionoccurs.Ascellulardivisionprogresses,theYangandYinLinkingVesselsareformedand
areresponsibleforthedevelopmentoftheexteriorandtheinteriorofthebody,respectively.
TheseeightvesselsareknownasthePrenatalortheExtraordinaryVesselsandhaveaspecificrole
inembyonicdevelopment:(a)TheGoverningVessel(Yang)controlsthefetalbackdevelopment.
(b)TheConceptionVessel(Yin)controlsthefetalfrontdevelopment.(c)TheThrustingVessels
carryenergythroughthecenterofthefetusandcontrolthefetalcentralcore.(d)TheYangHeel
VesselscontrolthedevelopmentofthefetalrightandleftYangenergy.(e)TheYinHeelVessels
controlthedevelopmentofthefetalrightandleftYinenergy.(f)TheYangLinkingVesselscontrol
thedevelopmentofthefetalexteriorandcorrelatetoHeavenenergy.(f)TheYinLinkingVessels
controlthedevelopmentofthefetalinteriorandcorrelatetoEarthenergy.(g)TheBeltVessel
bindsallthechannelstogether.
TheeightPrenatalVesselsformavortexofenergyintheembryoscenter,theareabetweenthe
locationswherethekidneyswilldevelop.TheTaijiPoleandtheThrustingVesselsareatthecenter
ofthisvortexandwillformthefollowingpoolsorSeasofenergycorrespondingtothedeveloping
organsandchannels.ThesearetheSeasofthefiveYinandsixYangOrgans,theSeasof
theTwelvePrimaryChannels,andtheSeaofBloodassociatedwiththeThrustingChannel.Qiand
BloodaredistributedattheenergeticlevelfromtheTaijiPoleandThrustingVesselsthroughthe
smallriversorchannelsthatflowoutoftheSeasofthechannels.Thissuppliestheenergyforthe
growthoftheembryosphysicalform.
Duringtheformationoftheembryo,nineYangchannelsbegintoflowoutoftheGoverningVessel
(SeaofYangQi).Thesenineriversare:theSmallIntestine,TripleBurner,LargeIntestine,
Stomach,GallBladder,BladderMeridians,andtheYangHeel,YangLinkingandBeltVessels.
Similary,nineYinchannelsbegintoflowoutoftheConceptionVessel(SeaofYinQi).Thesenine
Yinriversare:theLung,Heart,Pericardium,Spleen,LiverandKidneyMeridiansandtheYinHeel,
YinLinking,andThrustingVessels.
Eachofthetenlunarmonthsofthedevelopmentoftheembryoisalsoinfluencedbythe
associatedPrimaryMeridianofthemother.Thistheory,describedin(1),wascreatedbyDr.Chao
YuanFang,aQigongexpertduringtheSunDynasty,about610A.D.
3.TheZhang(Yin)Organs(1,2,3)
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TheHeart(Xin)
a)GovernsBlood
IttransformsFoodQiintoBlood.TheLungQihelpspushFoodQitothe
Heart.Theenergyforthisprocess,calledthePostHeavenCycleofBlood
production,issuppliedbytheOriginalQi.BloodisalsoproducedbythePre
HeavenCycle,whichwillbedescribednextmonthinPart2,inKidney(f).
ItisresponsibleforthecirculationofBloodalthoughotherOrgans,suchas,
theLungs,SpleenandLiver,alsohavearole.
OnesconstitutionisprimarilyrelatedtotheKidneyEssence,butispartlydeterminedbythe
strengthoftheHeartandBlood.IfthereisampleBloodandagoodcirculation,apersonwillbe
vigorousandhaveagoodconstitution.
b)ControlstheBloodVessels
BloodVesselsdependontheHeartsQiandBlood.IfthesearestrongtheBloodVesselswillbe
goodandthepulsewillbefullandregular.
c)ManifestintheComplexion
IftheHeartisstrongandtheBloodisabundant,therewillbearosyandlustrouscomplexion.If
theBloodishotorisstagnantthecomplexionwillbetooredorbluishpurple,respectively.Ifthe
Bloodisdeficient,thecomplexionwillbebrightwhiteorpale.
d)HousestheMindandSpirit(Shen)
ShenisusedintwodifferentwaysinChinesemedicine:(i)Shenindicatesacomplexofmental
activitieswhichresideintheHeartandsodenotestheMind.IftheHeartisstrongandtheBlood
isabundant,therewillbenormalmentalactivity,balancedemotions,aclearstateof
consciousness,goodlongtermmemory,intelligenceandsleep.Forexample,lowintelligencecan
besomewhatimprovedbytonifyingtheHeart.(ii)Shenisalsousedtodenotethewholecomplex
ofthespiritual,mentalandemotionalaspectsofman.Inthissense,Shenisnotonlyrelatedtothe
HeartbutalsotoothermentalandspiritualaspectsoftheYinorgans.Inthediscussionsofthe
otherYinorgans,itwiilbeseenthattheyinfluenceemotions,MindandSpiritindifferentways.The
HeartiscalledtheEmperororsupremecontrollerofalltheZangfu.
e)Emotions
TheHeartisrelatedtojoy.IftheHearttakesexcessivecontrolofmentalactivities,itwillcause
uncontrollablelaughter.AHeartdeficiencycanmakeonesusceptibletogrief.Excessivejoyaswell
asotherexcessiveemotionscanaffecttheHeartbecausethemindishousedintheHeart.
Conversely,emotionalproblemscancauseHeartproblems.
f)OpeningintotheTongue
ThetongueisreferredtoasaseedlingoroffshootoftheHeart.TheHeartinfluencesthe
appearance,formandcolorofthetongue,particularly,itstip.Italsocontrolsthesenseoftaste.
Thetonguewillberosy,moist,lustrous,withanormalsenseoftasteandmovefreelyforahealthy
Heart.

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TheHeartalsoaffectsspeech,influencingtalkingandlaughing.Thus,anabnormalityoftheHeart
cancauseexcessivetalking,inappropriatelaughter,aphasiaorstuttering.
g)ControlsSweat
BodyFluidsaretransformedintosweatbyQiactivity.Thesecretionofsweatdependsonthe
openingandtheclosingofpores,whicharecontrolledbyWei(Defensive)Qi.BloodandBody
Fluidsmutuallyinterchange.IftheBloodbecomestoothick,BodyFluidsenterthebloodvesselsto
thinitdown.TheClassicoftheJadeLetteroftheGoldenShrinestatesthatBodyfluidsenterthe
bloodvesselsandchangeintoBlood.SincetheHeartgovernsBloodandthereisacontinuous
interchangebetweenBodyFluidsandBlood,theHeartcontrolssweat.
TherelationoftheHearttosweatalsoappearsclinically.Unchecked,profusesweatingwillleadto
deficiencyofBlood.DeficiencyofHeartYinoftencausesnightsweating.AdeficiencyofHeartQi
oftencausesspontaneoussweating.
h)Dreams
DreamsandsleeparerelatedtotheHeart,sinceithousestheMind.TheHeartshousingtheMind
dependsonanadequateBloodsupply.Conversely,theHeartgoverningtheBlooddependsonthe
Mind.IftheHeartBloodisstrong,theMindresidesintheHeartandonewilleasilyfallsound
asleep.IftheHeartisweaktheMindisnotanchoredintheHeartandflitsaroundatnight.This
leadstodifficultyinfallingasleep,disturbedsleepandexcessivedreaming.
Chapter80intheHuangdiNeijingSuWen(PlainQuestions:YellowEmperorsInternalCanonof
Medicine)statesthatiftheHeartisweak,onedreamsoffiresorvolcaniceruptionsinthe
summertime.Chapter43intheSpiritualAxissaysthatiftheHeartisinexcess,onedreamsof
laughingwhenitisdeficient,onedreamsoffire,smokeandmountains.
i)HatesHeat
Heat,morethananyotherexteriorpathogenicfactor,adverselyaffectstheHeart.However,the
HeartisnotinvadedbyexternalHeatsinceitisshieldedbythePericardium.TheHearthasvessels
andChannelscarryingBloodandQitothebrain.TheseareinterpretedasOrificesoftheHeart.
WhenthePericardiumisinvadedbyexteriorHeat,theHeatclogstheHeartOrifices.Thiscan
leadtoaphasia,deleriumorcoma,sincetheHearthousestheMind.
WesternMedicalFunctions(4)
Theheartpropelsthebloodthroughthebody.Thecirculatingbloodcarriesnutrientsandoxygen
forthecellsandaidsintheremovalofwasteproductsandothersubstances.
ThePericardium(XinBao)
ThePericardiumisconsideredtobeaprotectivecoveringoftheHeartmore
thananidependentorgan.ItisconsideredtobetheofficialorPrimeMinister
whoprotectstheHeart(Emperor).Chapter71oftheSpiritualAxisstates
thatifapathogenicfactorattemptsattackingtheHeart,itwillbedivertedto
attackthePericardium.
ThefunctionsofthePericardiumareaproximatelythoseoftheHeart.It
governsBlood,housestheMindandinfluencesmentalandemotionalstates.
ThePericardiumtriestocreatefellingsofpleasureorjoyfortheemperor(Heart).
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Thewesternmedicalfunctionofhepericardiumistoprovideaprotectivecoveringwhichencloses
theheart.Thepericardialcavitycontainsalubricatingfluidwhichallowsthehearttomovewith
lessfriction.
TheLungs(Fei)
a)GovernQiandRespiration
TheLungsinhalepureQi(air)andexhaledirtyQi.Thisensuresproper
functioningofallthephysiologicalprocessesthatrequireQi.
TheyalsogovernQibyproducingit.FoodQiisextractedfromfoodbythe
SpleenandissenttotheLungs.Thereitcombineswiththeinhaledairto
formGathering(ZongQi)ortheBigQiofthechest.Sincethissynthesis
andstorageoccursinthechest,thechestisoftencalledtheSeaofQiortheUpperSeaofQi.
ZongQihelpstheHeartandLungfunctions,promotingcirculation.
TheLungsarethemostexternaloftheOrgansbecauseoftheirlocationandsoarereferredtoas
thecanopyoftheOrgans.Hence,theyaremorevulnerabletoattackbyexternalPathogenic
FactorsandsometimescalledtheTenderOrgan.
b)ControltheVoice
TheLungscontrolthestrength,clarityandtoneofthevoice.WeakLungQicancauseaweak
voice,breathlessnessandtiredness.Amuffledtoneofvoicecanresultfromtheobstructionofthe
LungsbyPhlegm.
c)ControlBloodVesselsandChannels
TheLungsgovernQiandQiisrequiredtohelptheHearttocirculatetheBloodandalsotocirculate
QiintheChannels.Thus,ifLungQiisstrong,BloodandQiwillcirculateproperlytowarmthe
limbs.IftheLungQiisweakcirculationwillbeimpairedandthelimbs,particularlythehandsand
feetwillbecold.
d)ControlDispersingandDescending
DispersingreferstothedisseminatingLungQithroughoutthebodytoperformthefunctionsin(i).
DescendingreferstosendingLungQidownwardsinthebodytoperformthefunctionsin(ii)
(i)DispersingFunction
TheLungsspreadBodyFluidandfoodEssence,transportedtotheLungsbytheSpleen,
throughoutthewholebodyandexternallytotheskinandbodyhair.TheBodyFluidsarespreadas
afinemistinthespacebetweentheskinandthemuscles.Thefinemistmoistenstheskin,
regulatestheopeningandclosingofporesandsweating.Edema,usuallyofthefacecanoccurif
theLungsdontdisperseproperly.
InanExcessconditiontheporesbecomeblocked,resultinginanhidrosisforexample,thisoccurs
withtheinvasionofexteriorWindCold,withtheprevalenceofCold.InaDeficientconditionthe
poresremainopenandthereisspontaneoussweating.ThisoccursinaninteriorconditionofYang
deficiencyorwiththeinvasionofexteriorWindCold,withtheprevalenceofWind.
TheLungsalsodisperseWeiQibetweentheskinandmuscleswarmingthemandalsoprotecting
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thebodyfromexternalPathogenicFactors.InvasionbyexteriorWindColdobstructsthespreading
ofWeiQi.ThiscanleaadtoabadCold,withaheadache,stuffednose,feelingofcold,etc.
Everythingfeelsblocked,justliketheblockingofthedispersingfunction.
(ii)DescendingFunction
TheLungsaretheuppermostOrganandsotheirQimustdescend.TheysendQidowntothe
KidneyswhichholdtheQi.TheLungsalsodirectBodyFluidsandfoodEssencetransportedtothe
LungsbytheSpleendownwardsaspartofthedispersingfunction.Theyalsodirectfluidstothe
KidneyandBladder.
ImpairmentofthedescendingfunctionresultsinQiaccumulatinginthechest.Thiscausescough,
breathlessnessandastuffyfeelinginthechest.IftheColonandBladderdonotreceivethe
descendingLungQi,retentionofurineandconstipation,respectively,canresult,particularlyin
seniors.
e)RegulatestheWaterPassages
TheLungs,afterreceivingtherefinedfluidsfromtheSpleendispersetheminafinemistunderthe
skinandalsodirectfluidsdowntotheKidneyandBladder,asdescribedind)(i)and(ii).The
Kidneysreceivethefluids,vaporizepartofthemandthensendthemuptomoistentheLungs.
TheLungsbyitsdispersinganddescendingfunctionshelpsexcreteBodyFluidsviasweatand
urine.
f)ControlSkinandBodyHair
Thedispersingfunction,describedind(i),nourishesandmoistenstheskinandhair.
g)OpensintotheNose
Sincerespirationcanoccurthroughthenose,itiscalledtheopeningofthenose.TheLungsare
themajorOrganaffectingthesenseofsmell,butotherOrganshavesomeinfluence,mainlythe
Spleen.
IftheLungQiisstrong,thenosewillbeopen,respirationandthesenseofsmellwillbenormal.
HeatinvadingtheLungscanresultinlossofsenseofsmell,bleedingandrapidflappingofthe
alaenasi.InvasionofanexteriorPathogenicFactorcanleadtoablockednose,sneezingandloss
ofthesenseofsmell.
h)FluidisMucus
Thisfollowsfromg).
i)HousetheCorporealSoul(Po)
TheLungshousethePo.ThePoisthemortalpartoftheSoulandisamanifestationofthebreath
oflife.BreathingcanbeinterpretedaspulsationsoftheCorporealSoul.ItisstatedintheSimple
QuestionsthatthePoisclosetoEssenceandQi.TheClassicofCategories(1624)statesthePo
movesandaccomplishesthingspainanditchingcanbefeltwhenitisactive.Thiscanbe
interpretedasthePoisresponsibleforclearandsharpsensationsandmovement.
j)Emotions
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SadnessandorgriefobstructthemovementofPoandsoconstrictbreating.Anexampleisthe
shallowandshortbreathingofasadanddepressedperson.Thus,treatingtheLungsisoften
helpfulinemotionalproblemsarisingfromanxiety,bereavement,depression,sadnessorgrief.
k)Governsthe100Vessels
TheLungsgovernQiandsohaveaninfluenceonallofthebloodvesselsasdescribedin(c).
Therefore,theradialpulseontheLungChannelreflectsthestateofalloftheOrgans.
l)Dreams
Chapter17inSimpleQuestionsstatesiftheLungsareinExcessonedreamsofweeping.Chapter
80statesthatiftheLungsareDeficientonedreamsofwhiteobjectsorofbloodykillling.Ifthe
dreamoccursinAutumn,onewilldreamofbattlesandwars.
Chapter43intheSpiritualAxisstatesiftheLungsareinExcess,onedreamsofworryandfearor
cryingandflyingifDeficient,onedreamsofflyingandofstrangeobjectsofironandgold.
m)LungsHateCold
TheLungsarethecanopyoftheOrgansandinfluencetheskinandDefensiveQiandsoareeasily
attackedbyexteriorPathogenicfactors,especiallyCold.
WesternMedicalFunctions
Oninhalingair,oxygenisintroducedintothelungsandonexhalationcarbondioxideisexpelled
fromthelungs.Bloodpassingthroughthelungsreceivesoxygenandexpelscarbondioxide.The
oxygenatedbloodisdeliveredbacktotheheartwhereitiscirculatedthroughthebody.
TheSpleen(Pi)
a)TransportationandTransformation
(i)Food
ApartofthefoodanddrinkprocessedbytheStomachissentdownto
theSpleen.ThisistransformedbytheSpleen,whichextractsQi,
calledFood(Gu)Qi,fromit.Then,theSpleentransportstheGuQiand
otherrefinedpartsoffood,calledFoodEssence,tovariouspartsofthe
body.RecallthattheGuQiissentupwardstotheLungs,whereitcombineswiththeairtoform
GatheringQi,andtotheHeart,whereBloodisformed.
Impairmentofthesefunctionsoftransportationandtransformationoffoodcanresultinapoor
appetite,baddigestion,abdominaldistentionandloosestools.AmaximinChinesemedicineisthat
theSpleenlikesdryness.Thismeansthatexcessiveconsumptionofcolddrinkscaneasilyimpair
thesefunctionsoftheSpleen.
(ii)Water
TheSpleenalsocontrolsthetransformation,separationandmovementsofFluids.TheSpleen
separatesausablefromanunusablepartofingestedfluids.Theclearpartgoesupwardstothe
Lungs,whereitisdistributedtotheskin.ThedirtypartgoesdownwardstotheIntestinesfor
furtherseparation.
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IfthesefunctionsoftheSpleenonFluidsareimpaired,FluidscanaccumulatetoformDampnessor
Phlegmandcauseedema.TheSpleencaneasilybeaffectedbyExternalDampness,whichcan
impairtransformationandtransportation.
b)ControlsBlood
TheSpleenkeepstheBloodcirculatinginthevesselsandpreventsitfromextravasation.
InsufficientSpleenQicanleadtotheBloodflowingoutsideofthevessels,causingbleeding
syndromessuchashematuria,hemafecia,uterinebleeding,etc.
BesidescontrollingtheBloodtopreventbleeding,theSpleenplaysanimportantpartinmaking
Blood.IfthetransformationandtransportationfunctionsoftheSpleenaregood,BloodandQiwill
beplentiful.ThisisthereasonwhytheSpleeniscalledtheRootofPostHeavenQi.
c)ControlstheMusclesandFourLimbs
TheSpleenextractsFoodQifromfoodandtransportsitalloverthebody.IftheSpleenisstrong,
therefinedQiisdirectedtothemuscles,especiallytothoseofthelimbs.ThestateoftheSpleenis
animportantfactorindeterminingapersonsphysicalenergy.IfSpleenQiisweakonewillfeel
tired,cold,themuscleswillbeweakandmayatrophyinseveresituations.
d)OpensintotheMouth
ThismeansthatappetiterelatestothetransportationandtransformationfunctionsoftheSpleen.
Whenthesefunctionsareworkingproperly,theappetiteandtastewillbenormal.Otherwise,
abnormalsensationssuchasastickymouth,atastelesssweetishtasteorabittertastewilloccur.
e)ManifestsintheLips
TheSpleenisthefoundationofQiandBloodinthebody.Redandmoistenedlipsortheirabsence
reflectthestatusofBloodandQiinthebodyandalsorespondtothetransportationand
transformationoffoodanddrinkbytheSpleen
f)ControlstheRaisingofQi
TheSpleensfunctionofraisingtheQiisanotherwayofexpressingitsfunctionofextractingthe
foodQiandsendingittotheLungsandHeartandupperbody.
TheSpleenalsoexertsliftingeffectalongthemidlineofthebody,whichensuresthattheorgans
areintheirproperposition.IftheSpleenisweakinraisingQi,prolapseofvariousorganscan
occur.
g)HousesThought
Thought(Yi)residesintheSpleenandcorrespondstothefunctionofthinking,concentrating,
studying,focusingandmemorizing.However,theHeartandKidneysalsohaveaneffecton
thinkingandmemory.
IfSpleenQiisweak,thenthinking,concentrationandmemorywillalsobeweak.Ontheother
hand,excessivementalworkcanweakentheSpleen.
h)TheFluidoftheSpleenisSaliva
Salivaisthefluidofthemouth,whichistheopeningoftheSpleen.Salivacirculatesupwardtothe
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mouthanddoesntdribbleout.DisharmonybetweentheSpleenandtheStomachcanquickly
increasetheamountofsalivaandcausedribbling.
i)Dreams
Chapter80inPlainQuestionsstatesiftheSpleenisdeficient,onedreamsofbeinghungryorof
buildingahouseifthedreamoccursinlatesummer.
Chapter43intheSpiritualAxisstatesiftheSpleenisinexcessonedreamsofsingingandbeing
veryheavyifdeficient,onedreamsofabyssesinmountainsandofmarshes.
WesternMedicalFunctions
Thespleenislocatedontheleftedgeofthestomach,inferiortothediaphragmandisaboutthe
sizeofafist.Therearetwodistinctareaswithinthespleen,whiteandredpulp.Thefunctionsof
thespleenincludethefollowing:(i)Itfiltersbloodbut
notlymph,becausethespleenhasonlyefferentlymphaticvessels.Macrophagesinthespleen
removebacteriaandotherpathogens,cellulardebris,andagedbloodcells.(ii)Itdestroysoldred
bloodcells,removestheironfromthehemegroupsandbindstheirontothestorageprotein.(iii)
Theredpulpcontainslargequantitiesofblood,whichentersthecirculationwhenrequired.Italso
storesbloodplatelets.(iv)Itisactiveinimmuneresponses.Tcellsproliferateinthewhitepulp
beforereturningtothebloodtoattacknonselfcells.Bcellsproliferateinthewhitepulp,producing
plasmacellsandantibodiesthatreturntothebloodtoinactivateantigens.(v)Duringthefirstfive
monthsoffetaldevelopment,itproducesredandwhitebloodcells.
LookforScientificQiExploration.Part17b.MeridiansandOrgans.YinOrgans,part2,nextmonth
intheJanuary2012issue.
References
1.Johnson,J.A.ChineseMedicalQigongTherapy.Int.InstituteofMedicalQigong,PacificGrove,
CA,2000.
2.Maciocia,G.TheFoundationsofChineseMedicine.ChurchillLivngstone,NewYork,1989.
3.ZuBingandWangHongcai,Eds.BasicTheoriesofTraditionalChineseMedicine.SingingDragon,
Philadelphia,PA,2010.
4.Guyton,A.C.TextbookofMedicalPhysiology,W.B.SaundersCo.,Philadelphia,PA,1971.
[Dr.Eisenisaretiredscientist,whoconstructedmathematicalmodelsin
medicine.HehasstudiedandtaughtJudo,ShotokanKarate,Aikido,Qigong,
PrayingMantisKungFu,andTaiChiindifferentplaces.Hetookcorrespondence
coursesinChineseherbologyandstudiedotherbranchesofChinesemedicine
withatraditionalChinesemedicaldoctor.HewastheDirectorofEducationof
theChineseMedicineandAcupunctureInstituteinUpperDarby,P.A.
http://home.comcast.net/~carolezak]

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AboutMartinEisen
Byprofession,Dr.EisenwasauniversityProfessorspecializinginconstructingmathematicalmodelssuchasthoseincancer
chemotherapyandepilepsy.HehasstudiedandtaughtYoga,Judo,andAikido.Dr.Eisenwasthefounderandchiefinstructorofthe
ShotokanKarateClubsatCarnegieMellonandDusqueneUniversitiesandtheUniversityofPittsburgh.HehelpedteachYogain
Graterfordprison.HiscuriousityabouttherelationofQitohealingandmartialartsledhimtostudyTCM,TaiChiandPrayingMantis
KungFu.HewasinitiatedasaDiscipleofMasterGinFoonMark.Dr.Eisennowteaches(athisKwoonandbywebcam),writesand
researchesPrayingMantis,QigongandYangTaiChiseehttp://home.comcast.net/~carolezak
ViewallpostsbyMartinEisen
ThisentrywaspostedinScientificQiExplorationandtaggedheart,lung,meridian,Spleen,yinorgan.Bookmarkthepermalink.

2ResponsestoScientificQiExplorationMeridiansandOrgans.YinOrgans
HauwNiosays:
January19,2012at5:16am

Mycompliment,respectandadmirationforthisQiexplorationforDrEisen[part1&2]atruescientistandEasternexpert!
Reply

TeePuatKuaysays:
March24,2012at8:24pm

DR.excellent.Wouldliketoknowmoreaboutrelationbetweensoundmindsicknessyinyangorgan.
Thankyou.
Reply

20112014WorldInstituteforSelfHealing,Inc.

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