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Directions .for Use of FN? Series Over.

locking
Machines Contents
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I .Foreword
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2 .Technical data- - - - - ~ - . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ,(2)

3.Precautions before use - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(3)


1)Overall inspections - - - - - - .- - - - - - . - - - - - - - - - ;. - - - ,(3)
2)Sel'ectionand mounting of electric motor - -- - - - - - - - - - - - "'. -' ~ - - - - - - - -(4)
4.The sewing process - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -:-, (5)
l)Settingofthread cone holder - -- - - . -(5)
2)Threading of the machine - - - - - - - .- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(5)
3)Adjustment for sewing test - . -: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1- - - - - - - - - - . - - -(8)
5.Adjustmentand positioning of machine parts - - - ;. - -- - :. - ~ - - ~ ..._- - . - - . - - - ( 11)
l)Positioningoftheneedles - - - - - - - - - - - - -.- . - - - - - - -... (11)
2)Adjustment of stitch length - - . :- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (11)
3)Adjustment of stitch width - - - - - - - - - - - . - - - - - - - - - - - - - . - - - - - - - - , ( 11)
4 )Adjustment of thread tension - . . ~ - - - ..! - - ' !. - - - :. - - (13)
5)Replacement of knives - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .:. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -(15)
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6)Position ingofthe lowerlooper- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .- - - - - -{16)


?)Positioning of the uppper looper - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - -: - - - ( 17)
8)Positioning of the fee d dog - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ( 17)
6. Trouble shooting - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - ( 18)
1)Miss ing stitch- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ( 18)
2)'fhread breaks - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - - - ( 18)
3)Needle breaks - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ( 19)
4)lrregu lar sti tches- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - :. - - - - - - - - - - - -( 19)
5)l rregular fabric feed ing. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - , ( 19) .
7 .Maintenance of machine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (20)
8.Guarantee of the machi ne quality - - - - - - - .. - - - - - - - (2 1)
9 .Accessories - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - (22)
l O.Drawing of machine parts for servicing _ - -. - - _ - - - - ... - - - - - . - - (23)
I I.Suggestions from our customer. . . . .... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . (24)
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.I .Foreword

of

The famous. FN~ series overlocking machines


our design are ideal for all layer garment
industry.Featuring light weight,up-to-date functional construction,consistently uniiform
stitch density, together with pleasing appearance and flexibility in en~rgy demand They
are of the first choice machine by garment makers both in homeland and abroad. they have
been exported to morethan ten countries of Europe and America and get good
r eputation there.
These machines have great. flexibility in energy demand and may be nun either manually
or by electric motor. This unique design makes the machine w in the competitio n between
similar machine makers and get the power to capture more customers both in city towns
. and in rural and mountain districts.
The FN2 series includes the famous FN2-1 put to market in 1982,and the newly designed,more advanced m6del FN2-7 (3-thread) , FN2-4 (4-thread) , FN2-12 (2-thread) all
w ith more reliable sewing properties as proved by field and laboratory tests.
Thank you for buying our FN2 series overlocking machines and any suggestions
for improvement will be gratefully apperciated.
Please read carefully this direction book before use.

. 1.

2.Technical date
,.

l .Maxim:um speed
2.Maximu_m fabric depth
3.Stitch length
4.~idth of overedge bight . .
for 2-thread arid 3-thread machines
for 4-thread machines
5. Presser foot lift
6.Needle bar stroke '
7.Knife stroke ,
8.Needle guage number
9.Net weight
of.. machine
head
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10.0verall dimentions
11.Electric motor .
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12. Type of thread used

1200 stitches/min
3. 5mm(uncompressed)
2.6 to 3.5mn1
2.5 to 3.5mm
4.7 to 5.7mm .
3.2mm
25.Snun ',
5.5mm
15 X # 12, 15 X # 14
seven kilograms
205 X 160 X 240mm
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80W.A C motor,
clockwise rotation#4 to #100.cotton
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3 .Precautions before use


I .Overall inspections
Owing to the fact that the machine
may be subject to jolting and shock during
transportation , and injury or even breakage <
may result , at first you must inspect the
package for its completeness, then inspect
the machine carefully after unpacking . Be D
sure that the machine rotates freely without
any abnormal sounds , that there are no
rusted or loosen parts , that the lubricant
grease is not oxydized . Then wipe off the
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grease with a piece of cloth impregnated
...::::;._----tr-ir-~~~~
with some gasoline.
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After removing . the grease , oil the
moving patrs ' such as bearings ' crankshaft
holes , etc., with sewing machine oil as
shown in Fig. I. Then run the machine at
Fig. 1
low speed for several minutes , if no troubles occtir , the machine is now ready for

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use.
2.Selection and mounting of electric motor
a)Use 80 watts AC electric motor, clockwise
rotation , which iswidely used in sewing
machines.
b)Loosen the M4 bolts ( 4pcs.) on the machine
head , mount the e.lectric motor onto the machine head with them.
c)Fit the belt into the pulley slot of the machine
head, then fit the other end of the belt into the
pulley slot of the electric motor . Be sure that
the pulleys are in a common plane , otherwise
you have to align them by loosening the set screws of the pulley and by swivelling them
to the left or to the right as necessary.
The tension of the belt must be optimum.
Too much tension may cause overload of the
motor,while too less tension results in belt slip.
To adjust the belt tension , just loosen the setscrews and move the motor in the slot forwards
or backwards as necessary.

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set screw

motor socket

fig. 2

d) Plug the velocity regulating pedal into the socket on the motor. The machine will run
as the pedal is pressed down and will run faster as the pedal is pressed further.
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4 .The sewing process


I .Setting of thread cone holder
Assemble the thread cone holder components as shown in Fig.3 Note that the
dotted line in Fig.3 specifically .for 4 thread-machines.
Mount the thread cone holder by inserting the M6 bolts into the respective hoJes on
the machine head and tighten them.
2.Threading of the mac_hine
. , . A. qjust the upper thread hooks perpendicular to the bottom of the thread cone(Fig.
4)to get fluent threading.According to Fig .5 to Fig.7,thread the machine needle,the upper looper and the lower looper.Be sure that the thread 'leads in the proper
directien.Draw ot about 40mm length of thread heads.and put it under the presser foot.
Note that Fig.5 is for threading 3-thread looper and 4-thread
Fig.6 is for threading 2-thread and 3-thread .s traight needles
Fig.7 is for threading 2-thread overlock looper

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Fig. 3

Fig. 4

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3.Adjustment for sewing test


Press a piece of fabric under
the persser foot with the edge of
fabric aligned with the knife , then
turn the handwhecl clockwise by
hand as shown in Fig.9. If thread
chain is formed and fabric edge
is being cut , the machine is
ready for sewing.
The motor driven FN2 models
overlock machines are better to
be placed on a flat smooth table,
such as glass plate or plastic
covered table . The four rubber
suckers mounted on the bottom
of the machine will hold the

rig. 1

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machine firmly by the


action of suction . Place the
n1otor pedal on the floor by
whick t~e speed of motor
,may be regulated according
to the depth . of pedal
pressed.
Don't pull or push the
fabric during 'sewing. You
just have to hold the fabric
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}ightly .anci let it go along
in the. direction by itself.
'When ,the sewing of one
piece have been fil?,ished
rup the machine a little further ..
form a thread
chain. Cut it with a scissor
but never bread it by hand
or you will bend the needle.
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Fig.9

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( a )

.( b )

Fig. l J

Fig. 10

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5.Adjustment and positioning of machine parts


! .Positioning of the needles
Stop the motor and ensure that the machine is off by the motor pedal.Turn the hand wheel
by hand,raise the needle bar to its top position.Unscrew the needle nut, pulg the needle shank'
into the hol~ of the needle bar, push it to the botto1n of the hole. The flat of the needle shank
must face backward and the long slot of the needle must face the operator . Then retighten
the needle nut.
Method of positioning the needle of 4-thread 1nachine is the sa1ne as described above.
Push the needle to the bottom of the hole of the needle bar, set the distance between centerlines of two needles equal to 2.2mn1 and the distance between tips of two needles equal
to 0.8mm. Then retighten the needle nut.
2.Adjustment of stitch length
According to the properties of fabrics and the favour of the operator , the stitch len~th
n1ay be adjusted to son1e extent . Pull off the left guard plate , looson the stitch length
regulator nut ., move it upwards for shorler stitch length or downwards for longer stitch
length . After setting the proper position,retighten the nut.
3 .Adjustment of stitch width

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The overedging width may be adjusted by the foqowing menthod.Loosen the


screw on the presser foot stitch tongue (Fig.13), shift the tongue leftwards for
narrower overedging width or rightwards for broader overedging width.
The upper and lower knives have to be adjusted as well.

pressure foot
tongue screw

Fig. 13
Fig. 12

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4.Adjustment of thread tension


The cross over nodes of 3-thread ovcrlock stitches is ordinarily situated on the middleline of the thickness of sewn fabric.
Deviation of cross over nodes upwards means too much thread tension in the upper
looper or too less thread tension in the straight needles.Deviation of cross over nodel downwards means too less thread tension in the upper looper or . too much 'thread tension in the
straight needles.

The 3-thread,4-thread and 2-thread overlock stitches are shown in F ig.14,Fig. l 5.

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a
b

Fig. 15

Fig. 14

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Fig.16,and Fig. 17 respectively,


Note:
In Fig.14 to Fig. 17
1 and (2) represent the thead of straight needles
a
represent the thead of the upper looper
b
represent the thead of the lower looper
3-thread overlocking stitches

2-thread overedging stitches


4-thread overedging stitches

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Fig. 17
Fig. 16

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5.-Replacement of knives
After used for a protracted length of time ,the knvies must be sharpened or replaced as
follows.
Push lightly on the top face of the upper knife guard so that the upper knife deviates
slightly from the lower knife , then loosen the knife clamp scre.w ,
and pull out the upper knife.
Now loosen the small screws on the lower knife guard , and pull
out the lower knife.
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The knives may_ be sharpened by grinding on a fine mesh grind
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wheel,and polish the knife edge by an oilstone.It is of great importance
to keep the original geometrical features unchanged . The datum planes
of the knives should never be grounded. . ,
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The tail of th~ up.p er kinfe. may be gn;md~d off a little if neces sary.
The sharpentig of knives is rather cri!ical . Too much sharpening may
lead to early wearout , while too less get no guarantee of clearcut of the
fabric.

In assem.bling the sharpened or new knives , set the upperknife


at- first , and the overlap between the upper and lower knives has to be
adjusted to about 0.5mm as shown in .Fig. I 8.
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6.Positioning of the .lower looper


The beginning positioff of :thread catch ing of-the iower looper tip is at a distance.of 3
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to 4 mm from the centerline of the straight needle(Fig.19).'-W,h en the tip .o f'the lower looper
reaches the .centerline of.th~ ~traight,needle, it should be -about 3 ,mm above :the top of the
needle eye. The clearance between.them .is o'.04to 0. lmm(Fig.19)
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7 .Positioning of the upper l9oper


7-8,
.When the uppqr Iooper extrudes to ,.
0.04-0:1
its mai imu~1.,he_ight,.its.tip is at a di~- , . ,
tance 19f 7,:to 8.mm:from .the centerli- ...
ne of the straight needle . . Wh~n .
crossing the lower looper the tip of
the upper looper is better to be in the
proximity of the nose of lower
, ... . :: .
looper . The clearance between the '..:~:-~.. : :.: . - :.,. . . _.,.,~--~_.--r-..,..,
upper I0ope1; and th~ straight needle
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and that betw.e en the two loopers are
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.,, ,', ~ ig.-,2_~
all equa_l to 0_.04 to 0.1mm. as shown _ _
: "":_
in Fig.20,,
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8.Positionil)g qf'the (eed dog
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The tbeth of th.e/ee~ d~g-must be
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about 0. 7 to I. 1 mm about the needle
plate . The feed dog should not to uch
the needle plate at any time in its feed
motion , and should be aligned as near
as possible to the operator(Fig.21 ).

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6.Troubles shooting
Fa u Its

I . Missed
stitches

Probab le ca uses

Me thod s of elininat ing fault$

Upper or lower loo per badl y


Rea dju st th e pos it ions o f the
adjusted with respect to the need le.
Loopers too fa r or too c lose to lo ope rs a nd needles as s hown in
each other at the cro ss over points.
Fig. 12 to Fig.19.
Badly positioned need les .
Blunt need les or bent need les
Loose needle bar or loose needles
Loo se s ph eri cal he-a-ded c rank
Needle gauge does not match with
thread number

2.Thread
breaks

. Replacement of needles
Retighten the come screws
Replacement of needle.
Retighten the cylindrical headed
screws after positioning

Change thread of needle

Flaws in needle passage or needle eysc.

Replacement of needle

TlHea~ s c lamp ed too tig ht ly.

Loosen the clamper

Wrong th reading
Wet thread or deteriorated thread

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Refer to threading diagrams as


shown in fig.5 to Fig. 7
Use new threads

Faults

Methods of eliminating faults

Probable causes

T90 fine needle gauge for fabrics Change to heavier needles


3.Needle
breaks

4.Irregular
stitch

5.Irregular
feed

being sewn.
Needle touches looper during operation
Bent needle guard
Thread hooks not in line with the
thread cone.
Badly adjusted thread tension.
Dirty thread clamping plate
Position of the feed dog too high
or too Jow.
Insufficient pressure of the 1)resser
foot.
Fabrics _have not been pressed by
the presser foot

Adjustment of clearance
Replacement by new one.
Adjust them for I ining up.
Carefully adjust the thread tension.
Clean with a brush.
Adjust the position of feed dog.
Adjust the pressure regu lating
screw accrrding to F ig 15.
A djust the presser.bar to lower position.

B lu nt kn ives

Sharpening the lrnives.

Loose presser foot screw.

Tighten the screw

Fabric clippings and fibres in the


grooves of the theetl1 of the feed dog

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Loosen the needle plate and clean


with a brush.
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7 .Maintenance of machine
Good maintenance is important for long service,Clean the parts oi machine involved in
the feeding and stitch making ,oil the machine every day . All the moving parts , especially
the bearing and crandshaft holes , should be well oiled with mineral oils. don't neglect those
parts which are difficult to access by the oiler. Vegetable oils should never by used for oiling,because they are easyto be clotted and damage of the machine may result.
Keep clean in important .Remove the needle plate and clean the needle guard , feed dog
ev~ry week.

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The maximum speed of the machine is 1200 stitches/min . which should neverbe exceeded in any case.
If faults a~e not eliminated by yourself, send the machine to the nearest qualified service
center for repairing at once , otherwise new faults may occur and damage of the machine
results.

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8.Guararit~e

of the machine quality

l.During six months fromthe day of purchasing, if such .faults of machine parts do:occur

under operating conditions specified by the dirction book , the machine can be serviced

free of ,charge. '

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2.During one .month from the day of purchasing , if the mac.h ine do.es not run properly due
to defects.in materials and .workmanship in manufacturing
, on condition that
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. no damage

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to the package and mainbody of the machine takes plac;e,the machine may be sent to our

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3.ln case that the cus.t omer .makes any clairn for service or renewal , the receipt and ee1tififactory for renewal.

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cate of inspection of the machine must accompanied with the machine to the qualified
service center or to the s~rvice depart1~ent of out factory.

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. 4.If you have any.difficulty in buying machine parts for repairing , please order them form
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our factory via mail.


5.The manufacturer does not imply with customer's claim for service or renewal in case of
normal wearing out of the machine parts.

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9 .Accessories
1.Thread cone hodIer

one set

2.Thread clamper

one piece

3 .M 4 X 10 screws for mounting the electric


rriotor,already set on mainbody of the overlock machine
4.Special wrench

two piece
one piece

5.The following pa1is are for motor-driven machines only


a) 80 watts A C electric motor

one

b) Motor regulating pedal switch

one set

c) Motor belt

one piece

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IO.Engineering drawing
Engineering drawing of machine parts
for servicing only

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one piece

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Customer's suggestions.for Impro.v ement

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Explaination:
. Mark "A:" -parts for four thread overlock ma~ine.
Mark "B" -parts fo,r three th_read overlock machine. .
No mark -parts for three/four thread overlock machine.