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Control your Arduino with voice commands using an

Android smartphone! Before we make a voice activated

home automation system, we must first learn the basic
principles of the experiment. This guide will let you
command the Arduino using your Android smartphone
and a HC-05 Bluetooth module.
The designer of the app did not include a sample code. I
looked for alternatives in Google's PlayStore but none
was as good as the app that I've found. Luckily, I was
able to figure it out although it took me a while to
program it. Sorry IOS users, this app isn't available in
Apple's app store :/
How Does It Work?
Have you ever encountered Android's speech
recognition? Yes android has one and you can use it to

control your Arduino, via Bluetooth. The App works by

pressing the mic button, then the it will wait for you to
say a command. The app will then display the word's
that you've stated and will send data strings for the
Arduino to process.
Home Automation System (on July 4, 2014):
A month from now/ I'll be releasing a highly
sophisticated home automation + security system. It's
my biggest project ever! Our current agenda is to
program a better smartphone app that work's like Siri
(talks back) and sends strings (data types) to the
Arduino via bluetooth. If you want to take a sneak peek
of the project and it's concept, kindly skip to the last
step. The prototype that I'm working on now is
composed of a network of wireless switch boxes that
connects to a main control panel via WiFi/ Bluetooth.
Step 1: Parts & Materials

Thing that you'll need:

- 5 LED Indicators (the color of your choice)
- Arduino UNO (a clone works fine)
- HC-05 Serial Bluetooth Module
- Solderless Breadboard
- Jumper Cables
Step 2: Assemble The Mini Bluetooth Shield

My JY-MCU (DX Bluetooth Module) is still installed on my

robots, what I have right now is the bare HC-05 module.
As we all know, the HC-05 doesn't come with a PCB.
Soldering wires, directly to the metal conductors, isn't a
good idea since the conductors could chip off anytime.
As a solution, you can cut a fraction of perf-board then
mount the HC-05 on it. I mistakenly connected my LED
indicator on a blank (N/A) pin so mine doesn't work.
Too lazy to assemble a Bluetooth shield? DX.com has a
ready made version (click here). I've used the DX
Bluetooth module on my robots, it's tested and it's 100%
ok! You can visit Bluetooth related projects (Bluetooth
Sumobot and Bluetooth FPV Rover) as reference.
Step 3: Connect The Bluetooth Module

Grab some jumper cables and power the Bluetooth

module with 3.3 volts. Remember, the bare HC-05 run on
3.3v and not on 5v. On the other hand, the JY-MCU has a
built in regulator, it can run on a 5v line.
Now connect the RX (pin #0) of the Arduino to the TX
pin of the Bluetooth module and the TX (pin #1) of the
Arduino to the RX pin of the Bluetooth module. (refer to
the image above)
Step 4: Connect The LEDs

Connect the positive leads of each LED on pins #

2,3,4,5,6 of the Arduino. The negative leads of each LED
goes to the negative rail of the breadboard. The
negative rail of the breadboard goes to the Arduino's

Step 5: Programming The Arduino

o the arduino via bluetooth. What's a string? A string is
like a word, you can make conditional statements out of
it [ex: if (voice == "*computer on") {// turn Pin #2 on} ].
The "voice" is your string, "==" is your condition (means
equal to), "*computer on" is your command and the code
inside the curly-braces "{ }" are the codes to be
executed once your string matches the command
What's the format of the string? How does it know when
the next command kicks in? How does it differentiate a
set of words from a new command? The app sends
strings in this format *command#, the asterisk (*)
indicates the start of a new command and the hash-tag
(#) indicates the end of a command. I was able to
remove the hash-tag (#) after each word in the
conditional statement was not able to remove the
asterisk (*). You'll need to start your command condition
with an asterisk otherwise the sketch will not work.
How Can I Change The Commands?
You can see that the "*TV on" is highlighted from the
image above. If you want to change the command to
,humm let's say "open garage door", you can replace the
"*TV on" with "*open garage door". Always remember to
start the command with an asterisk.

//Coded By: Angelo Casimiro (4/27/14)

//Voice Activated Arduino (Bluetooth + Android)
//Feel free to modify it but remember to give credit

String voice;
led1 = 2, //Connect LED 1 To Pin #2
led2 = 3, //Connect LED 2 To Pin #3
led3 = 4, //Connect LED 3 To Pin #4
led4 = 5, //Connect LED 4 To Pin #5
led5 = 6; //Connect LED 5 To Pin #6
//--------------------------Call A
void allon(){
digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);
digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);
digitalWrite(led3, HIGH);
digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);
digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);
void alloff(){
digitalWrite(led1, LOW);
digitalWrite(led2, LOW);
digitalWrite(led3, LOW);
digitalWrite(led4, LOW);
digitalWrite(led5, LOW);
void setup() {
pinMode(led1, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led2, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led3, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led4, OUTPUT);
pinMode(led5, OUTPUT);

void loop() {
while (Serial.available()){ //Check if there is an
available byte to read
delay(10); //Delay added to make thing stable
char c = Serial.read(); //Conduct a serial read
if (c == '#') {break;} //Exit the loop when the # is
detected after the word
voice += c; //Shorthand for voice = voice + c
if (voice.length() > 0) {
//----------Control Multiple Pins/ LEDs----------//
if(voice == "*all on") {allon();} //Turn Off All Pins
(Call Function)
else if(voice == "*all off"){alloff();} //Turn On All Pins
(Call Function)
//----------Turn On One-By-One----------//
else if(voice == "*TV on") {digitalWrite(led1, HIGH);}
else if(voice == "*fan on") {digitalWrite(led2, HIGH);}
else if(voice == "*computer on") {digitalWrite(led3,
else if(voice == "*bedroom lights on")
{digitalWrite(led4, HIGH);}
else if(voice == "*bathroom lights on")
{digitalWrite(led5, HIGH);}
//----------Turn Off One-By-One----------//
else if(voice == "*TV off") {digitalWrite(led1, LOW);}
else if(voice == "*fan off") {digitalWrite(led2, LOW);}
else if(voice == "*computer off") {digitalWrite(led3,
else if(voice == "*bedroom lights off")

{digitalWrite(led4, LOW);}
else if(voice == "*bathroom lights off")
{digitalWrite(led5, LOW);}
voice="";}} //Reset the variable after initiating

Step 6: Learn To Use The App

Download The Free App Here: Android Meets Robots :

5 Simple Steps:
1st.) Download the app from Google PlayStore
2nd.) Tap on options menu then select "Connect Robot"
3rd.) Click on your BT-Module (in my case it's the HC-05)
4th.) Wait until it says Connected to BT-Module (HC-05)
5th.) Tap on the mic icon and state your command