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Radio and movies

By: Nicole Dobrin, Evelyn Jaskowiak, Abbie


Cadkin, Sammy Singer, and Owen Korrub

How did movies


and radio change
American society
in the 1920s?

Silent Films/ Talkies

Silent films

When motion pictures first started in the 1890s, they were silent. Movies were a very important form of
entertainment back then and many people would attend at least once a week.
Silent films brought everyone together and they were easy for everyone to watch since there was no one
language, and it was universal.
As movies started to develop and become more and more popular, the film started being accompanied by
music.
A silent film consists of only picture and no sound.
The period of time before sound was used in movies was known as the Silent Era
Many times titles and cards that appeared on the screen explained the situation and what was occurring in the
film, since there was no sound.
Silent Film

Talkies

Talkies was the name for the first ever films to start using dialogue.
In 1927, the first feature-length talkie was produced. It was called The Jazz Singer. It was so
popular at the time.
Pretty soon this new way of making movies caught on, and many other national Industries started
making films in their own languages as well.
At first, producers in America started using the same films, just in different versions for the
different languages. This eventually came to an end when this was proven to be too expensive.

How have Talkies changed the movie business?

Talkies from Hollywood were restricted for just the English-speaking countries.
Since Talkies now had restricted audiences, it led to a temporary decrease in the output of Hollywood.
New equipment did have to be bought such as, sound-proof stages, moveable and squeak proof dollies for the
microphones, and many more advancements in equipment.
The creation of sound brought an increase in attendance to the theatres.
Many famous actors and actresses lost their jobs now that the films started using sound. Before it didnt matter if
they had a nice voice or not because you couldnt hear them, but now many people with strong accents and hard to
understand voices were losing jobs. Some examples of these actors with heavy accents are, Pola Negri, Emil
Jannings, Ramon Novarro, and Clara Bow. Many actors and actresses even started getting voice coaches to help
them to be more easily understood.

Radio

Radio in the 1920s


Music was a huge part of the 20s and the radio meant music could
reach more listeners than ever before
Innovation made communication from across the nation way easier
Radios back then were big machines instead of the smaller more
maneuverable ones now a days
Some radios require headphones
The first live radio broadcast was in the 20s

KDKA
One of the most historic radio broadcasts is the
first broadcast ever from the KDKA voiced by
Leo Rosenberg
At first the broadcast asks their viewers if they
conection was good and they wanted feedback
on how it sounded then they go on to talk about
the election against Warren Harding (Republican)
and James Cox (Democrat), this broadcast was
what started how radio and tv are now a days
KDKA also got the first radio licence from The
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of
Navigation

The First Broadcast


https://cbspittsburgh.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/kdka-1st-broadcast.m
p3
Four men basically manned that first broadcast: Engineer William
Thomas; telephone line operator John Frazier; R.S. McClelland, a
standby and Leo Rosenberg, radios first announcer. CBS
The election results were relayed to about 1,000 listeners, who
learned through this incredible new medium, that Warren Harding
beat James Cox in the race for the Oval Office. CBS

Rudolph
Valentino

Early Life
Grew up in Italy
Son of an American army officer
He went to military school
Moved to New York
Worked several jobs before coming a night club dancer
Moved to San Francisco to presume his dancing career
In 1917 he set his sights for hollywood

Movies he
was in

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse(1921)


The Sheik (1921)
Blood and Sand (1922)
The Eagle (1925)
The Son of Sheik (1926)

http://www.tub
echop.com/wat
ch/8484618

His Acting
Life

Valentino grew famous rapidly


Some women were reported to faint when they saw in The Sheik
He was arrested in 1922 for Bigamy
Bigamy is when you marry someone when you are already married
He was first married to Jean Acker
He then married Natacha Rambova
She worked on a lot of movies with him
If there was a couple part in the movie he was acting in she was usually the
women
Even though he was still a popular box office draw, he struggled with the media and
public perception of him
He challenged on newspaper writer to a fight after he criticizes one of his films.

His Death

He became ill
was taking to a Hospital in New York
He had surgery to treat acute appendicitis and ulcers
After the surgery he developed an infection and his health started
becoming worse and worse
He had died within a week of entering the hospital.

Charlie
Chaplin

Early Life

Chaplins father was an alcoholic who abandoned Chaplin and his family
not long after Chaplin was born

Chaplin Worked with a childrens dance troupe before his acting career
took off

Chaplins mother grew ill not long after his father abandoned him. She
developed mental issues overtime and was put in a mental hospital when
Chaplin was 7 years old.

Chaplin was put into an orphanage when his mother was put into the
hospital

Chaplin came from a family of talent. Hs father was an actor and


music-hall singer and his mother was a singer and dancer.

Movies

Modern Times- 1926


The Kid- 1921
The Tramp- 1928
City Lights- 1931
The Circus -1915

Movie Career

The first full length movie he was in was called The Kid

One of the first most popular stars of the 20th century's silent film era

Mostly known for his character on The Tramp

Started as an actor, but then became a director and created the films City
Lights and Modern Times

Co-founded the United Artists Corporation

Greatly improved the film industry in ways people couldnt imagine

Amos n Andy

BASIC FACTS
Famous Radio and tv show
Freeman Gosden (Amos) and Charles Freeman Gosden
Correll (Andy) were creators
(Amos)
March 19, 1928-November 25, 1960
One of longest running Radio Shows
(32 Years)
First TV episode in 1951 on CBS

Charles Correll
(Andy)

Hint: Look at
their faces!

From their
movie Check
and Double
Check

VIDEO CLIP

What did you


notice?

Controversy
Blackface and racism

Radio vs TV

Radio SHow lasted 32 years starting in 1928


Radio Show was on NBC
6, 15 minute shows a week
40 million listeners by 1931

Aired in 1951 on CBs


All black cast
NAACP stopped show in 1953 because of racism
78, 30 minute shows in total
1930 movie flop

Bibliography
Bibliography