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Integrals of Exponential

Functions

We know that if then . Therefore . We rewrite the


equation by interchanging its two sides and then
integrate:

Example. Evaluate .
Solution. Let . Then . Substitution gives

Exercise. Verify that .

General exponential function


The function is called the natural exponential function.
When the base is any number with we call the function the
general exponential function.
Recall that . From this derivative formula it is easy to derive
the integration formula

Example. Evaluate the indefinite integral .


Solution. Let . Then . Substitution gives

Exercises. Evaluate the following indefinite integrals.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Verification of some integration formulas


By differentiation, prove that the following formulas
are correct.