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Philips Semiconductors Product specification

Triacs BT136 series

GENERAL DESCRIPTION QUICK REFERENCE DATA


Glass passivated triacs in a plastic SYMBOL PARAMETER MAX. MAX. MAX. UNIT
envelope, intended for use in
applications requiring high BT136- 500 600 800
bidirectional transient and blocking BT136- 500F 600F 800F
voltage capability and high thermal BT136- 500G 600G 800G
cycling performance. Typical VDRM Repetitive peak off-state 500 600 800 V
applications include motor control, voltages
industrial and domestic lighting, IT(RMS) RMS on-state current 4 4 4 A
heating and static switching. ITSM Non-repetitive peak on-state 25 25 25 A
current

PINNING - TO220AB PIN CONFIGURATION SYMBOL


PIN DESCRIPTION
tab

1 main terminal 1
T2 T1
2 main terminal 2
3 gate
1 23 G
tab main terminal 2

LIMITING VALUES
Limiting values in accordance with the Absolute Maximum System (IEC 134).
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. MAX. UNIT
-500 -600 -800
VDRM Repetitive peak off-state - 5001 6001 800 V
voltages
IT(RMS) RMS on-state current full sine wave; Tmb 107 C - 4 A
ITSM Non-repetitive peak full sine wave; Tj = 25 C prior to
on-state current surge
t = 20 ms - 25 A
t = 16.7 ms - 27 A
I2t I2t for fusing t = 10 ms - 3.1 A2s
dIT/dt Repetitive rate of rise of ITM = 6 A; IG = 0.2 A;
on-state current after dIG/dt = 0.2 A/s
triggering T2+ G+ - 50 A/s
T2+ G- - 50 A/s
T2- G- - 50 A/s
T2- G+ - 10 A/s
IGM Peak gate current - 2 A
VGM Peak gate voltage - 5 V
PGM Peak gate power - 5 W
PG(AV) Average gate power over any 20 ms period - 0.5 W
Tstg Storage temperature -40 150 C
Tj Operating junction - 125 C
temperature

1 Although not recommended, off-state voltages up to 800V may be applied without damage, but the triac may
switch to the on-state. The rate of rise of current should not exceed 3 A/s.

August 1997 1 Rev 1.200


Philips Semiconductors Product specification

Triacs BT136 series

THERMAL RESISTANCES
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT
Rth j-mb Thermal resistance full cycle - - 3.0 K/W
junction to mounting base half cycle - - 3.7 K/W
Rth j-a Thermal resistance in free air - 60 - K/W
junction to ambient

STATIC CHARACTERISTICS
Tj = 25 C unless otherwise stated
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT
BT136- ... ...F ...G
IGT Gate trigger current VD = 12 V; IT = 0.1 A
T2+ G+ - 5 35 25 50 mA
T2+ G- - 8 35 25 50 mA
T2- G- - 11 35 25 50 mA
T2- G+ - 30 70 70 100 mA
IL Latching current VD = 12 V; IGT = 0.1 A
T2+ G+ - 7 20 20 30 mA
T2+ G- - 16 30 30 45 mA
T2- G- - 5 20 20 30 mA
T2- G+ - 7 30 30 45 mA
IH Holding current VD = 12 V; IGT = 0.1 A - 5 15 15 30 mA
VT On-state voltage IT = 5 A - 1.4 1.70 V
VGT Gate trigger voltage VD = 12 V; IT = 0.1 A - 0.7 1.5 V
VD = 400 V; IT = 0.1 A; 0.25 0.4 - V
Tj = 125 C
ID Off-state leakage current VD = VDRM(max); - 0.1 0.5 mA
Tj = 125 C

DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Tj = 25 C unless otherwise stated
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN. TYP. MAX. UNIT
BT136- ... ...F ...G
dVD/dt Critical rate of rise of VDM = 67% VDRM(max); 100 50 200 250 - V/s
off-state voltage Tj = 125 C; exponential
waveform; gate open
circuit
dVcom/dt Critical rate of change of VDM = 400 V; Tj = 95 C; - - 10 50 - V/s
commutating voltage IT(RMS) = 4 A;
dIcom/dt = 1.8 A/ms; gate
open circuit
tgt Gate controlled turn-on ITM = 6 A; VD = VDRM(max); - - - 2 - s
time IG = 0.1 A; dIG/dt = 5 A/s

August 1997 2 Rev 1.200


Philips Semiconductors Product specification

Triacs BT136 series

Ptot / W BT136 Tmb(max) / C IT(RMS) / A BT136


8 101 5

7 104 107 C
= 180 4
6 1
107
120
5 110 3
90
60
4 113
30
3 116 2

2 119
1
1 122

0 125 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 -50 0 50 100 150
IT(RMS) / A Tmb / C

Fig.1. Maximum on-state dissipation, Ptot, versus rms Fig.4. Maximum permissible rms current IT(RMS) ,
on-state current, IT(RMS), where = conduction angle. versus mounting base temperature Tmb.

ITSM / A BT136 IT(RMS) / A BT136


1000 12

IT ITSM
10
T time
8
Tj initial = 25 C max

100 6
dIT /dt limit
4
T2- G+ quadrant

10 0
10us 100us 1ms 10ms 100ms 0.01 0.1 1 10
T/s surge duration / s

Fig.2. Maximum permissible non-repetitive peak Fig.5. Maximum permissible repetitive rms on-state
on-state current ITSM, versus pulse width tp, for current IT(RMS), versus surge duration, for sinusoidal
sinusoidal currents, tp 20ms. currents, f = 50 Hz; Tmb 107C.

ITSM / A BT136 VGT(Tj)


30 VGT(25 C) BT136
1.6
IT I TSM
25
1.4
T time
20 Tj initial = 25 C max 1.2

15
1

10 0.8

5 0.6

0 0.4
1 10 100 1000 -50 0 50 100 150
Number of cycles at 50Hz Tj / C

Fig.3. Maximum permissible non-repetitive peak Fig.6. Normalised gate trigger voltage
on-state current ITSM, versus number of cycles, for VGT(Tj)/ VGT(25C), versus junction temperature Tj.
sinusoidal currents, f = 50 Hz.

August 1997 3 Rev 1.200


Philips Semiconductors Product specification

Triacs BT136 series

IGT(Tj) IT / A BT136
IGT(25 C) BT136 12
3 Tj = 125 C
T2+ G+ Tj = 25 C typ max
T2+ G- 10
2.5 Vo = 1.27 V
T2- G- Rs = 0.091 ohms
T2- G+ 8
2

1.5 6

1 4

0.5 2

0 0
-50 0 50 100 150 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
Tj / C VT / V

Fig.7. Normalised gate trigger current Fig.10. Typical and maximum on-state characteristic.
IGT(Tj)/ IGT(25C), versus junction temperature Tj.

IL(Tj) Zth j-mb (K/W) BT136


IL(25 C) 10
TRIAC
3 unidirectional

2.5 bidirectional
1
2

1.5

0.1 P tp
D
1

0.5 t

0.01
0 10us 0.1ms 1ms 10ms 0.1s 1s 10s
-50 0 50 100 150
Tj / C tp / s

Fig.8. Normalised latching current IL(Tj)/ IL(25C), Fig.11. Transient thermal impedance Zth j-mb, versus
versus junction temperature Tj. pulse width tp.

IH(Tj) dVcom/dt (V/us)


1000
IH(25C) TRIAC
3
off-state dV/dt limit
BT136...G SERIES
2.5
BT136 SERIES
100 BT136...F SERIES
2

1.5

1 10

0.5 dIcom/dt = 5.1 3.9 3 2.3 1.8 1.4


A/ms
0 1
-50 0 50 100 150 0 50 100 150
Tj / C Tj / C

Fig.9. Normalised holding current IH(Tj)/ IH(25C), Fig.12. Typical commutation dV/dt versus junction
versus junction temperature Tj. temperature, parameter commutation dIT/dt. The triac
should commutate when the dV/dt is below the value
on the appropriate curve for pre-commutation dIT/dt.

August 1997 4 Rev 1.200


Philips Semiconductors Product specification

Triacs BT136 series

MECHANICAL DATA

Dimensions in mm
4,5
Net Mass: 2 g max
10,3
max
1,3
3,7

2,8 5,9
min

15,8
max

3,0 max
3,0
not tinned
13,5
min
1,3
max 1 2 3
(2x) 0,9 max (3x)
0,6
2,54 2,54 2,4

Fig.13. TO220AB; pin 2 connected to mounting base.

Notes
1. Refer to mounting instructions for TO220 envelopes.
2. Epoxy meets UL94 V0 at 1/8".

August 1997 5 Rev 1.200


Philips Semiconductors Product specification

Triacs BT136 series

DEFINITIONS
Data sheet status
Objective specification This data sheet contains target or goal specifications for product development.
Preliminary specification This data sheet contains preliminary data; supplementary data may be published later.
Product specification This data sheet contains final product specifications.
Limiting values
Limiting values are given in accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 134). Stress above one
or more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only and
operation of the device at these or at any other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of
this specification is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Application information
Where application information is given, it is advisory and does not form part of the specification.
Philips Electronics N.V. 1997
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the
copyright owner.
The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or contract, it is believed to be
accurate and reliable and may be changed without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any
consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license under patent or other
industrial or intellectual property rights.

LIFE SUPPORT APPLICATIONS


These products are not designed for use in life support appliances, devices or systems where malfunction of these
products can be reasonably expected to result in personal injury. Philips customers using or selling these products
for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips for any damages resulting
from such improper use or sale.

August 1997 6 Rev 1.200


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