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# Welcome to Geomatics

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## Assoc. Prof. Dr Abdul Nasir Matori

Civil Engineering Department
Nasrat@petronas.com.my
05 3687291
012 4371617
Room 13-03-09

## At the end of this course, students

should be able to:
Operate various types of geomatics
instruments.
Perform geomatics data measurements,
adjustment process and analysis to obtain
spatial information.
Use geomatics softwares to automate data
processing and analysis.
Solve basic satellite-base and offshore
positioning problem.
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## Delivery & Activities

2 hours lecture
4 hours fieldwork/practical
Survey Camp

## Proper fieldwork attire

Wear shoes
Submit fieldwork raw data at the end of
fieldwork session
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Assessment

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## Final Exam 40%

CW 60%
Test 25 (15+5+5)%
Practical report 15%
Survey Camp 20%

Study Tips
Listen
Teaching note will be provided
Refer other sources, text book, on-line material
etc
Text book, Surveying for Engineers (Uren),
Geomatic (Kavannagh)

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Peer learning
Punctual !

Geomatics in Civil
Engineering
Building/structu
res at correct
location,
elevation,
height and
vertical !?
Avoid territorial
dispute
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Palm Island
Dubai, just
completed

Palm Island
Dubai,
developed
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## At the end of this topic

students should know
Basic concept of surveying principal
The importance and relevance of
geomatics in Civil Engineering

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Exploration Block
belongs to us ?

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## To ensure Building constructed at

right location
Building construction is based on plan
Coordinates of construction details are
given in the plan

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Plan

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(x2,y2,z2)

(x1,y1,z1)
(x3,y3,z3)

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(x2,y2,z2)

(x1,y1,z1)
(x3,y3,z3)

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## AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH ( Taken 1998)

Coordinates
Determination

Surveying Process
Surveying is the art of
measuring distances, angles,
to obtain positions, on or near
the surface of the Earth.

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Coordinates Determination

Instruments

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(-30,60)

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Coordinates System

## Geomatics for Civil

Engineering
Structures/construction at
right place ?

Needs to know
their Coordinates !
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Coordinates Determination
Surveying Basic Principles

known AC,
BC

To determine position of C
B
resection, GPS

B and A are
known

A
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## Surveying Basic Principles

Offsets

B
B and A are
known

90

D
CD at right angle to AB, AD is known

A
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Traverse Surveys

B
B and A are
known

A
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known AC,

B

B and A are
known

1
A
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known 1 and 2

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N 184.400 CP
E 126.420

pile
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N 176.600
E 125.200

CP

N 184.400
E 126.420

9.8

pile
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N 176.600
E 125.200

1.2

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Point

Northing

Easting

Control point 9
(CP 9)

- 63965.124

22738.683

Pile E1/1

- 64015.802

22752.715

## Setting out Pile

data

CP 9
E
1502836

E1/1
Quadrantal bearing = tan-1 (22738.683 22752.715)
[-63965.124 (-64015.802)]
= - 1502836

= 16403124

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= 52.58m

## Construction survey -Structures at

right place ?

Pile point

Pile casing

proper
marking of
structures
coordinates !
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Pile

Column
correctly
positioned
And
vertical

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P299
TG38
P298

S136
TG56

DOP5
P296
P297

P304

P249

P250

DOP4
P243

P295TG35
P305

P248
TG27

P293

K350

P808
P306
P307

P289
P290 P292

P809

P285

P310
P277

P241

P224

P222
P311

P276

P313

P280

P281

P278

P223

P083
P264
P221

P279

P271
P275 P272
TG26
P273
P274
P270

P263

P237

P236

TG42

P286

P282
TG33

P238

P240

P225

P246
P287

P283

TG31

P309

P308

P288 P291
P314
TG36

P242
TG61
TG28P239

P244
P245

P247

P232
P235 P234
T283
P233
P107
P251
P231
P252

P106

P230

P253

P265

P220
P105

P267

P254

P229

P214
P209

Control Points
available in
Malaysia

P205

P203

P102

P255

P228

P227
P258

P215

P259

GP28
GP02

GP26

T200
GP07

GP81

TG13
TG24

GP27
TG25

GP04

T190
GP29 GP30

P226

P260

P201

GP82
G003

P257

P261

P218
P216
P217

P202
P211
S290
P210
P101

P256

P219

TG59
P212
P352
P269

P207

P500

P268

TG58
P213
TG57
P351

P204

TG14

GP79

GP34
GP31

GP45

GP35

GP32
GP33

251.00

GP94
GP25

TG18

GP05
GP06

GP22

GP24
GP86

DOP3

TG15

GP23

GP95

GP17

GP99

GP88

GP21

GP87

149B
DOP1

GP37

GP80 GP36

GP08

GP38

TG11

G100

GP40

GP19

GP20

GP39

GP98
TG06

TG01
GP18

GP89

GP09
GP10

TG20

GP41

TG05

GP42
GP43

GP14
GP11

GP12

GP44

GP13

TG09

GP47

TG04

M331TG03

GP56

GP57

GP61
GP16

GP58

GP55

GP15
GP48

GP59

GP85

GP60

GP84

GP90
GP54
GP91
13DJ

GP51

GP49

GP53
TG07

GP50
TG19

J416
DOP2
TD01

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TG10
GP52

Coordinates
Determination
for Control Point

Old day
astronomy

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## Coordinates Determination for

Control Points modern way

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Latitude
Longitude
Height
Time

(34215.235mE,
10516.345 mN)

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Professional Geomatician
making maps,
finding out your position (on land or in the
middle of the oceans),
detecting whether structures such as
buildings, bridges, dams are stable
Construction right location/position
(setting out)

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## Professional Geomatician (cont..)

Using documents and data to study legal
aspects of land (issues of Spores land
reclamation,, Batu Puteh, Sipadan)
Sprattly Island
Ambalat
Determining important ritual date: Hari
Raya, beginning of Fasting Month, Prayers
Time
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Geomatics
Surveying
GPS and Offshore Positioning
Engineering Surveying

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## Survey Outcome - Plan

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Quiz/Class Activity

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## make a plan from the class lay out

Details are
Chairs
Lecturers computer
Lecturers table
Screen
Doors/exit
Sidewall.