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Uniform Specification Series Horizontal Tanks Single Wall Tanks

ULC-S601/UL-142 Aboveground Horizontal Storage Tanks

ULC
Nominal Capacity Nominal I.D. Nominal Len. Thickness
1500
1000
1910
2.0
2500
1300
1900
2.5
5000
1300
3800
2.5
10000
2000
3190
4.0
15000
2500
3060
5.0
25000
2500
5100
5.0
35000
2500
7140
5.0
50000
2500
10200
5.0
50000
3000
7080
6.0
75000
3600
7370
7.5
100000
3600
9830
7.5
125000
3600
12290
7.5

Min. t
1.80
2.30
2.30
3.80
4.70
4.70
4.70
4.70
5.62
7.12
7.12
7.12

US units

ULC
Nominal Capacity Nominal I.D. Nominal Len. Thickness
397
39.3701
75.1969
0.0787
661
51.1811
74.8031
0.0984
1322
51.1811
149.6063
0.0984
2643
78.7402
125.5906
0.1575
3965
98.4252
120.4724
0.1969
6609
98.4252
200.7874
0.1969
9252
98.4252
281.1024
0.1969
13217
98.4252
401.5748
0.1969
13217
118.1102
278.7402
0.2362
19826
141.7323
290.1575
0.2953
26434
141.7323
387.0079
0.2953
33043
141.7323
483.8583
0.2953

Min. t
0.0709
0.0906
0.0906
0.1496
0.1850
0.1850
0.1850
0.1850
0.2213
0.2803
0.2803
0.2803

Min. t
0.0930
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.2400
0.2400
0.2400
0.2400
0.2400
0.2400
0.2400
0.2400

UL-142
Head Bracing

Heads for tank diameters exceeding 72 inches must be 5/16" thick or be braced for UL-142

Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

Non-Uniform Specification Series Horizontal Tanks Single Wall


ULC-S601/UL-142 Aboveground Horizontal Storage Tanks

ULC
Capacity Range
790
3145
1530
6140
1730
6905
2650
10605
4200
16840
6280
25135
8950
35785
12270
49090
21210
84830
28220
112900
33670
134700
36640
146580
50270
200000

US units
Capacity Range
209
831
404
1623
457
1825
701
2803
1110
4451
1660
6644
2366
9459
3243
12976
5607
22424
7460
29844
8900
35607
9685
38747
13288
52868

Diamter Max. Length Thickness Min. t


1000
4000
2.0
1.80
1250
5000
2.5
2.30
1300
5200
2.5
2.30
1500
6000
3.0
2.80
1750
7000
3.5
3.30
2000
8000
4.0
3.80
2250
9000
4.5
4.20
2500
10000
5.0
4.70
3000
12000
6.0
5.62
3300
13200
7.0
6.62
3500
14000
7.0
6.62
3600
14400
7.5
7.12
4000
16000
8.0
7.60

ULC
Diamter Max. Length Thickness
39.3701
157.4803
0.0787
49.2126
196.8504
0.0984
51.1811
204.7244
0.0984
59.0551
236.2205
0.1181
68.8976
275.5906
0.1378
78.7402
314.9606
0.1575
88.5827
354.3307
0.1772
98.4252
393.7008
0.1969
118.1102
472.4409
0.2362
129.9213
519.6850
0.2756
137.7953
551.1811
0.2756
141.7323
566.9291
0.2953
157.4803
629.9213
0.3150

Min. t
0.0709
0.0906
0.0906
0.1102
0.1299
0.1496
0.1654
0.1850
0.2213
0.2606
0.2606
0.2803
0.2992

UL-142
Min. t Head Bracing
0.0930
0.1230
0.1230
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
Yes
0.2400
Yes
0.2400
Yes
0.2400
Yes
0.2400
Yes
0.2400
Yes
0.2400
Yes
0.3650

Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 52868 gallon for ULC
Maximum diameter for UL-142 is 144 inches and 157.48 inches for ULC
Maximum length for UL-142 is 6 x diameter and 4 x diameter for ULC
Heads for tank diameters exceeding 72 inches must be 5/16" thick or be braced for UL-142

Comparison of Some Standard Sizes used in US


ULC-S601/UL-142 Aboveground Horizontal Storage Tanks

Diameter
36
48
64
64
64
64
84
96
96
96
96
108
108
120
120
132
132
132
132
144

Min. t
Head Bracing Min. t (ULC)
0.0930
0.0709
0.0930
0.0906
0.1230
0.1299
0.1670
0.1299
0.1670
0.1299
0.1670
NA
0.2400
Yes
0.1654
0.2400
Yes
0.1850
0.2400
Yes
0.1850
0.2400
Yes
0.1850
0.2400
Yes
0.1850
0.2400
Yes
0.2047
0.2400
Yes
0.2047
0.2400
Yes
0.2409
0.2400
Yes
0.2409
0.2400
Yes
0.2606
0.2400
Yes
0.2606
0.2400
Yes
0.2606
0.2400
Yes
0.2606
0.3650
NA

Secondary (tight wrap)


Min. t
Min. t (ULC)
0.0930
0.0906
0.0930
0.0906
0.0930
0.1102
0.1230
0.1102
0.1230
0.1102
0.1230
NA
0.1670
0.1102
0.1670
0.1102
0.1670
0.1102
0.1670
0.1102
0.1670
0.1102
0.1670
0.1102
0.1670
0.1102
0.1670
0.1496
0.1670
0.1496
0.1670
0.1496
0.1670
0.1496
0.1670
0.1496
0.1670
0.1496
0.2400
NA

Allowed? Nom. ThickMin. Thick


Min. Inches
Yes
1.83
1.80
0.0709
Yes
2.44
2.30
0.0906
Yes
3.25
3.30
0.1299
Yes
3.25
3.30
0.1299
Yes
3.25
3.30
0.1299
No
3.25
3.30
0.1299
Yes
4.27
4.20
0.1654
Yes
4.88
4.70
0.1850
Yes
4.88
4.70
0.1850
Yes
4.88
4.70
0.1850
Yes
4.88
4.70
0.1850
Yes
5.49
5.20
0.2047
Yes
5.49
5.20
0.2047
Yes
6.10
6.12
0.2409
Yes
6.10
6.12
0.2409
Yes
6.71
6.62
0.2606
Yes
6.71
6.62
0.2606
Yes
6.71
6.62
0.2606
Yes
6.71
6.62
0.2606
No
7.32
7.12
0.2803

Secondary
Min. t (mm) Min. t (in)
2.30
0.0906
2.30
0.0906
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
2.80
0.1102
3.80
0.1496
3.80
0.1496
3.80
0.1496
3.80
0.1496
3.80
0.1496
3.80
0.1496
3.80
0.1496

Length
Capacity
48
211
72
564
72
1003
144
2005
216
3008
288
4011
168
4030
192
6016
256
8021
320
10026
384
12032
256
10152
300
11896
306
14981
408
19974
252
14928
336
19904
420
24880
510
30211
720
50758

ULC
Dia. SI
914
1219
1626
1626
1626
1626
2134
2438
2438
2438
2438
2743
2743
3048
3048
3353
3353
3353
3353
3658

Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 52868 gallon for ULC
Maximum diameter for UL-142 is 144 inches and 157.48 inches for ULC
Maximum length for UL-142 is 6 x diameter and 4 x diameter for ULC
Heads for tank diameters exceeding 72 inches must be 5/16" thick or be braced for UL-142

Uniform Specification Series Vertical Tanks


ULC-S630/UL-142 Aboveground Vertical Storage Tanks

ULC
Nominal Capacity Diameter
15000
2500
25000
2500
50000
3500
60000
3500
70000
3500
90000
3500
125000
4000
150000
4000
175000
4000

Height
3060
5100
5200
6250
7300
9400
10000
12000
14000

Nominal Thickness
Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
5.00
6.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
4.50
6.00
8.00
4.50
6.00
8.00
4.50
6.00
8.00
4.50
7.00
8.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
5.00
7.00
8.00
5.00

Minimum Thickness
Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
4.75
5.75
3.80
4.75
5.75
3.80
5.75
7.75
4.30
5.75
7.75
4.30
5.75
7.75
4.30
5.75
7.75
4.30
6.75
7.75
4.75
6.75
7.75
4.75
6.75
7.75
4.75

Secondary Shell
Nom. t
Min. t
3.00
2.80
3.00
2.80
4.50
4.30
4.50
4.30
4.50
4.30
4.50
4.30
4.50
4.30
4.50
4.30
4.50
4.30

Note: Nominal thickness versus minimum thickness is not the same for vertical and horizontal tanks
(6 mm nominal in horizontal has 5.62 minimum while in vertical it would be 5.75)

UL-142
Nominal Capacity
3965
6609
13217
15860
18504
23791
33043
39651
46260

Diameter
98.4252
98.4252
137.7953
137.7953
137.7953
137.7953
157.4803
157.4803
157.4803

Height
120.4724
200.7874
204.7244
246.0630
287.4016
370.0787
393.7008
472.4409
551.1811

Minimum Thickness
Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
.167/.240
0.2400
0.1230
.167/.240
0.2400
0.1230
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA

Minimum Thickness (ULC) (in)


Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
0.1870
0.2264
0.1496
0.1870
0.2264
0.1496
0.2264
0.3051
0.1693
0.2264
0.3051
0.1693
0.2264
0.3051
0.1693
0.2264
0.3051
0.1693
0.2657
0.3051
0.1870
0.2657
0.3051
0.1870
0.2657
0.3051
0.1870

Secondary Shell (in)


UL-142
ULC
0.1230
0.1102
0.1230
0.1102
0.1230
0.1693
0.1230
0.1693
0.1230
0.1693
.123/.167
0.1693
.123/.167
0.1693
NA
0.1693
NA
0.1693

All parts of shells more than 25' below top edge must be 0.240" for primary and 0.167" for secondary for UL-142
Maximum tank height is 35' for UL-142

Non-Uniform Specification Series Vertical Tanks


ULC-S630/UL-142 Aboveground Vertical Storage Tanks

ULC
Max. Capacity
Max. Dia.
4000
1500
10500
1500
30000
2100
50000
2500
135000
3500
175000
4000

Nominal Thickness
Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
2.50
3.00
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
4.00
4.50
3.00
5.00
6.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
4.50
7.00
8.00
5.00

Minimum Thickness
Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
2.30
2.80
2.30
2.30
2.80
2.30
3.80
4.30
2.80
4.75
5.75
3.80
5.75
7.75
4.30
6.75
7.75
4.75

Secondary Shell
Nom. t
Min. t
2.50
2.30
2.50
2.30
3.00
2.80
3.00
2.80
4.50
4.30
4.50
4.30

Note: Nominal thickness versus minimum thickness is not the same for vertical and horizontal tanks
(6 mm nominal in horizontal has 5.62 minimum while in vertical it would be 5.75)

UL-142
Max. Capacity
Max. Dia.
1057 59.0551
2776 59.0551
7930 82.6772
13217 98.4252
35686 137.7953
46260 157.4803

Minimum Thickness
Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
0.0930
0.0930
0.0930
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230
0.1670
0.2400
0.1230

Minimum Thickness (ULC) (in)


Shell t
Bottom t
Roof t
0.0906
0.1102
0.0906
0.0906
0.1102
0.0906
0.1496
0.1693
0.1102
0.1870
0.2264
0.1496
0.2264
0.3051
0.1693
0.2657
0.3051
0.1870

Secondary Shell (in)


UL-142
ULC
0.0930
0.0906
0.1230
0.0906
0.1230
0.1102
0.1230
0.1102
0.1230
0.1693
0.1230
0.1693

All parts of shells more than 25' below top edge must be 0.240" for primary and 0.167" for secondary for UL-142
Maximum tank height is 35' for UL-142
Maximum Diameter is 4000mm for ULC
Maximum height is 4 x diameter for both UL-142 and ULC
Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 46260 for ULC

Rectangular Steel Aboveground Tanks


ULC/ORD-C142.18/UL-142 Aboveground Rectangular Storage Tanks
ULC
Capacity (L) Shell Min t (inches)
<= 2500
2.36
0.0929
2500 to 5000
3.42
0.1346
> 5000
6.00
0.2362
ULC specifies that the bottoms be
the same thickness as the shell if
the tanks are elevated off the ground
by at least 150 mm (6") and 6 mm
thick otherwise.

UL-142
UL-142 specifies material no thinner than 0.093" thick
to be used for all tanks. However, they must pass the
performance test specified in section 18 which is a
pressure test and a top load test.

Notes on Rectangular Tank comparison of ULC/ORD-C142.18 and UL-142


Item
Maximum Capacity
Actual Tank Capacity
Pressure Range
Material Grades

UL-142
50000 gallons
Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 10%
-0.5 psig to 1.0 psig

ULC-S601
100000 L (26400 gallons)
Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 2.5%
-300 Pa (-0.04 psig) to 7 kPa (1.01 psig)

A36, A569, A635, A167, A240, or a


carbon content of 0.3% or less and
mechanical strength equal to one of the
other steels listed

A283-C, A569, A635, CSA G40.21M 230


G, 304 SS, 316 SS, or any welding quality
carbon or low alloy steelwith a minimum
yield strength of 200 mPa (29000 psi)

Stainless Steel
Gives allowable thicknesses which are
Makes no distinction between carbon
Thickness
thinner than carbon steel.
steel and stainless steel thicknesses.
Compartment Bulkheads If made of one piece construction, can be Must be double bulkheads.
single bulkhead. More than one piece
construction must be double bulkheads.
Bulkhead Thickness

Not less than 0.093".

Lifting Lugs

Not specified.

Maximum Fitting Size


Not specified.
Minimum Fitting Spacing Not specified.
Couplings and Tank
Flanges

No limitations.

Flanged Fittings Above


Liquid Level

Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


are not required.

Flanged Fittings Below


Liquid Level

Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


are not required.

Threaded pipe nipples or Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


pipe for butt welding
are not required.
Secondary containment Must be in intimate contact.
shells

Manways

None required in the draft of the new


version.

Thickness is based on the compartment


capacity.
Required. Design per Figure 8 and
Section 3.10.
Not specified.
Not specified.
Maximum of 6" pipe size above liquid
level. Maximum of 3" pipe size below
liquid level.
Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have
standard weight pipe. Fittings 4" to 10"
pipe size shall have Ex-Hvy pipe or shall
have standard weight pipe with reinforcing
pads. Fittings over 10" shall have
standard weight pipe with reinforcing
pads.
Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have a
wall thickness at least equal to the tank
wall thickness. Fittings 4" and greater
shall be minimum standard weight pipe
with reinforcing pads.
Not allowed.
Can be in intimate contact or can be an
essentially open (unsealed but
precipitation resistant) steel shell having a
capacity of not less than 110% of the
primary tank.
Each compartment of a compartment
tank requires either a manway or an
access opening.

Notes on Rectangular Tank comparison of ULC/ORD-C142.18 and UL-142


Item
UL-142
Air testing of primary and Tested at 3 psig minimum and 5 psig
secondary tanks
maximum.
Vacuum test
Vacuum test interstice at 13" mercury for
a minimum of 12 hours. Vacuum not to
vary more than +/- 2" mercury. This test
can be done in place of the pressure test
on the secondary tank.

ULC-S601
Tested at 35 kPa (5 psig).

Monitoring Device

Not required.

Shipping with vacuum

Not required.

Other devices

None.

Vacuum monitoring devices are required


on double wall tanks. They must be
tested for 5 days prior to placing on the
tank and must be in place for the 5 day
tank test.
All double wall tanks must ship with a
minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
vacuum on the interstice.
A gauge chart and gauge stick shall be
supplied with the tank. Tanks with dished
heads require special gauge charts be
supplied. Tanks equipped with a manual
fill pipe connection at the top of the tank
must ship with spill containment devices.
All tanks are to shipped with an overfill
protection device.

Painting

One prime coat required.

Vacuum test interstice at minimum of 81


kPa (24" mercury) for 5 hours with the
vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa
(20" mercury). After this test the interstice
with a minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
for 5 days with a drop in vacuum not to
exceed 9 kPa (2.65" mercury). This is in
addition to the pressure test.

Not required.

Notes on Rectangular Tank comparison of ULC/ORD-C142.18 and UL-142


1) ULC has a maximum tank capacity of 100000 L (26400 gallons). UL-142 does not specify.
2) ULC allows primary tanks to be enclosed in sealed secondary containment shells with intimate contact or
in essentially open (unsealed but precipitation resistant) steel shells having a capacity of not less than
110% of the primary tank.
3) ULC requires lifting lugs and specifies the design in Figure 8 and section 3.10.
4) ULC specifies all steel shall have a minimum yield strength of 200MPa (29000 psi).
5) ULC specifies that the thickness of compartments tanks shall be based on the capacity of the
compartments.
6) ULC specifies that comparment tanks shall have double bulkheads.
7) UL-142 specifies that primary and secondary tanks be air tested at 3 psig (21 kPa) minimum and 5 psig
(35 kPa) maximum. ULC specifies the test shall be 35 kPa (5 psig).
8) UL-142 has an option to vacuum test the interstice at 13 inches of mercury for a minimum of 12 hours
with vacuum maintained at plus or minus 2 inches of mercury. This can be done instead of the pressure
test. ULC specifies that after the pressure test is completed, the interstice shall be tested at 81 kPa (24
inches of mercury) for 5 hours with the vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa (20 inches of mercury).
After this test the tank shall be tested with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury) held for a
period of 5 consecutive days with a drop of vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65 inches of mercury).
9) ULC requires vacuum monitoring devices on double wall tanks be factory installed. Prior to installing the
monitoring device to the tank, it shall be assembled and pass the 5 day test specified above. It shall then
be attached to the tank for the tank 5 day test and can be used to measure the interstice performance.
10) ULC requires a spill containment device and an overfill protection device be supplied with all tanks
equipped with a manual fill pipe connection at the top of the tank.
11) ULC limits the size of threaded connections located below liquid level to a maximum of 3" pipe size.
12) ULC requires flanged fittings above the liquid level to have pipe wall thickness equal to Ex-Hvy pipe in
sizes from 4" to 10". To use standard weight pipe or for sizes greater than 10" reinforcing pads are
required. UL-142 only requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
13) ULC requires all flanged fittings below liquid level in sizes 4" and greater to be a minimum of standard
weight pipe with reinforcing pads. Fittings less than 4" pipe size do not require reinforcing pads.
However, their wall thickness shall be equal to or greater than the tank wall thickness. UL-142 only
requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
14) It appears that ULC only allows threaded couplings and 150# flanged fittings. Externally threaded pipe
and butt welded pipe connections do not appear to be allowed.
15) ULC requires a manway be installed in each compartment of a compartment tank or an access opening
be cut in each compartment and a cover plate welded in place. UL-142 requires a manway in all tanks
exceeding 5000 gallon capacity.(UL-142 requirement is deleted in new draft.)
16) UL-142 defines an atmospheric tank as one that has been designed to operate at pressures from
atmospheric through 0.5 psig (3.4 kPa). ULC defines non-pressure tanks as one that is normally vented
to the atmosphere and is not intended to accommodate internal pressures at the top greater than 7 kPa
(1.01 psig) nor internal vacuum greater than 300 Pa (0.09 inches of mercury). (UL-142 definition is
changed in the new draft.)
17) UL-142 requires a prime coat of paint. ULC does not.

Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142


Item
Maximum Diameter
Maximum Length
Maximum Capacity
Actual Tank Capacity

UL-142
144"
6 times diameter
50000 gallons
Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 10%
-0.5 psig to 1.0 psig

ULC-S601
4000 mm (157.48")
4 times diameter
200000 L (52868 gallons)
Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 2.5%
-300 Pa (-0.04 psig) to 7 kPa (1.01 psig)

Material Grades

A36, A569, A635, A167, A240, or a


carbon content of 0.3% or less and
mechanical strength equal to one of the
other steels listed

A283-C, A569, A635, CSA G40.21M 230


G, 304 SS, 316 SS, or any welding quality
carbon or low alloy steelwith a minimum
yield strength of 200 mPa (29000 psi)

Stainless Steel
Thickness
Head Construction

Gives allowable thicknesses which are


thinner than carbon steel.
Maximum of 3 pieces for diameters 48" to
96". Maximum of 4 pieces for diameters
97" to 144".
Flange depth is to be 5 times the head
thickness but not less than 1/2". Inside
knuckle radius at least equal to 1.5 times
the head thickness.

Makes no distinction between carbon


steel and stainless steel thicknesses.
Maximum of 3 pieces.

Pressure Range

Flat Flanged Heads

Flat Unflanged Heads

Flange depth is to be 6 times the head


thickness and not less than 25 mm (1")
for tanks over 1300 mm (51") in diameter
and not less than 10 mm (0.394") for
tanks 1300 mm and less in diameter.
Inside knuckle radius at least equal to 2
times head thickness.
May only be used for bulkheads made of May be used for primary heads with
one piece construction and bracing.
bracing and for secondary heads.
Bracing is attached horizontally. May not Bracing is attached vertically. May not be
be used for primary or secondary heads. used for bulkheads.

Compartment Bulkheads If made of one piece construction, can be Must be double bulkheads.
single bulkhead and be either flat flanged
or flat unflanged with bracing. More than
one piece construction must be double
bulkheads.
Bulkhead Thickness
Not less than 0.167" for diameters 76"
Thickness is based on the tank diameter.
and less and 1/4" for diameters over 76".
Tank Supports

Maximum height of 12" unless protected


with fire resistent material. Can be
constructed in accordance with Figure
31.1 and Table 31.1. If so, tanks over 50'
long must have 3 saddles. May provide
other support construction details by
conducting structrual analysis.

Must be designed in accordance with


sound engineering practice. Some
guidelines are given in Appendix E.
Tanks 5000 L (1300 gallons) and less
may have stabilizing brackets to prevent
rolling.

Lifting Lugs

Not specified.

Maximum Fitting Size

Not specified.

Required. Design per Figure 2 and


located per Figure 3.
1/2 the tank radius.

Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142


Item
Minimum Fitting Spacing Not specified.

UL-142

Couplings and Tank


Flanges

No limitations.

Flanged Fittings Above


Liquid Level

Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


are not required.

Flanged Fittings Below


Liquid Level

Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


are not required.

Threaded pipe nipples or


pipe for butt welding
Secondary containment
shells not in intimate
contact with primary tank

Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


are not required.
Allows for shells if standoffs are used.
Allows for heads if the secondary heads
meet the same requirements as the
primary heads. Shells with intimate
contact may extend past the end of the
primary tank up to 12". (If over 12" the
thickness must meet requirement of the
primary tank.)
None required in the draft of the new
version.

Manways

Air testing of primary and Tested at 3 psig minimum and 5 psig


secondary tanks
maximum.

Vacuum test

ULC-S601
Minimum distance between the center of
two fittings shall not be less than the sum
of their diameters.
Maximum of 6" pipe size above liquid
level. Maximum of 3" pipe size below
liquid level.
Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have
standard weight pipe. Fittings 4" to 10"
pipe size shall have Ex-Hvy pipe or shall
have standard weight pipe with reinforcing
pads. Fittings over 10" shall have
standard weight pipe with reinforcing
pads.
Fittings under 4" pipe size shall have a
wall thickness at least equal to the tank
wall thickness. Fittings 4" and greater
shall be minimum standard weight pipe
with reinforcing pads.
Not allowed.
Not allowed.

Each compartment of a compartment


tank requires either a manway or an
access opening.
Tested at 30 kPa (4.5 psig) minimum and
35 kPa (5 psig) maximum for tanks 1750
mm (69") diameter and less.

Tested at 20 kPa (2.9 psig) minimum and


30 kPa (4.5 psig) maximum for tanks
1750 mm (69") to 3000 mm (118")
diameter.
Tested at 10 kPa (1.5 psig) minimum and
20 kPa (2.9 psig) maximum for tanks
3000 mm (118") to 4000 mm (157.48")
diameter.
Vacuum test interstice at 13" mercury for Vacuum test interstice at minimum of 51
a minimum of 12 hours. Vacuum not to kPa (15" mercury) for 5 days with a drop
vary more than +/- 2" mercury. This test in vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65"
can be done in place of the pressure test mercury). This is in addition to the
on the secondary tank.
pressure test.

Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142


Item
Monitoring Device

Not required.

UL-142

Shipping with vacuum

Not required.

Other devices

None.

Painting

One prime coat required.

ULC-S601
Vacuum monitoring devices are required
on double wall tanks. They must be
tested for 5 days prior to placing on the
tank and must be in place for the 5 day
tank test.
All double wall tanks must ship with a
minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
vacuum on the interstice.
A gauge chart and gauge stick shall be
supplied with the tank. Tanks with dished
heads require special gauge charts be
supplied. Tanks equipped with a manual
fill pipe connection at the top of the tank
must ship with spill containment devices.
Not required.

Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142


1)
2)
3)
4)

Maximum Diameter is 4000mm (157.48") for ULC. UL-142 has a maximum of 144".
Maximum length is 4 x diameter for ULC and 6 x diameter for UL-142.
Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 52868 gallon (200000 L) for ULC.
Per UL-142 flat flanged heads greater than 72 inch diameter shall be either 5/16" thick or shall be braced.

5) Per UL-142 the actual tank capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by 10%. Per ULC the actual
capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by only 2.5%.
6) ULC requires lifting lugs and specifies the design in Figure 2. Figure 3 specifies the location of the lifting
lugs.
7) ULC specifies all steel shall have a minimum yield strength of 200MPa (29000 psi).
8) ULC specifies the minimum distance between the center of two fittings shall not be less than the sum of
their diameters.
9) ULC specifies the maximum size of any connection shall not be greater than 1/2 the tank radius.
10) ULC specifies that tank supports shall be designed in conformance with sound engineering practice. It
then gives some guidelines in Appendix E. Tanks 5000 L (1300 gallons) may have stabilizing brackets to
prevent rolling.
11) UL-142 specifies that primary and secondary tanks be air tested at 3 psig (21 kPa) minimum and 5 psig
(35 kPa) maximum. ULC specifies the minimum shall be 30 kPa (4-1/2 psig) and a maximum of 35 kPa
(5 psig) for tanks 1750 mm (69") in diameter and less. For tanks from 1750 mm to 3000 mm (118") in
diameter the minimum is 20 kPa (2.9 psig) and maximum of 30 kPa. From 3000 mm to 4000 mm
(157.48") in diameter the minimum is 10 kPa (1-1/2 psig) and maximum of 20 kPa.
12) UL-142 has an option to vacuum test the interstice at 13 inches of mercury for a minimum of 12 hours
with vacuum maintained at plus or minus 2 inches of mercury. This can be done instead of the pressure
test. ULC specifies that after the pressure test is completed, the interstice shall be tested with a
minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury) held for a period of 5 consecutive days with a drop of
vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65 inches of mercury). (This is different than the vertical tanks.)
13) ULC requires vacuum monitoring devices on double wall tanks be factory installed. Prior to installing the
monitoring device to the tank, it shall be assembled and pass the 5 day test specified above. It shall then
be attached to the tank for the tank 5 day test and can be used to measure the interstice performance.
14) ULC requires all double wall tanks be shipped with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury).
15) ULC requires a spill containment device be supplied with all tanks equipped with a manual fill pipe
connection at the top of the tank.
16) ULC requires all compartment tanks be made using double bulkheads only. UL-142 allows single
bulkheads if they are of one piece construction.
17) ULC requires a manway be installed in each compartment of a compartment tank or an access opening
be cut in each compartment and a cover plate welded in place per Appendix C. UL-142 requires a
manway in every tank or compartment that exceeds 5000 gallons. (This requirement is removed in the
new draft.)
18) ULC specifies that heads cannot be fabricated from more than 3 pieces. UL-142 allows 4 pieces on
heads 97 inches to 144 inches in diameter.
19) UL-142 specifies the flange depth on flat flanged heads to be 5 times the head thickness, but not less
than 1/2". ULC specifies it as being 6 times the head thickness, but not less than 25 mm (1 inch). For
tanks up to 1300 mm (51 inches) diameter the straight flange is 6 times the head thickness but not less
than 10 mm (0.394 inches).
20) ULC limits the size of threaded connections located below liquid level to a maximum of 3" pipe size.

Notes on Horizontal Tank comparison of ULC-S601 and UL-142


21) ULC requires flanged fittings above the liquid level to have pipe wall thickness equal to Ex-Hvy pipe in
sizes from 4" to 10". To use standard weight pipe or for sizes greater than 10" reinforcing pads are
required. UL-142 only requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
22) ULC requires all flanged fittings below liquid level in sizes 4" and greater to be a minimum of standard
weight pipe with reinforcing pads. Fittings less than 4" pipe size do not require reinforcing pads.
However, their wall thickness shall be equal to or greater than the tank wall thickness. UL-142 only
requires standard weight pipe and does not require reinforcing pads.
23) It appears that ULC only allows threaded couplings and 150# flanged fittings. Externally threaded pipe
and butt welded pipe connections do not appear to be allowed.
24) UL-142 allows thinner material to be used if it is stainless steel. ULC does not.
25) UL-142 defines an atmospheric tank as one that has been designed to operate at pressures from -0.5
psig (3.4 kPa) through 1.0 psig (6.8 kPa). ULC defines non-pressure tanks as one that is normally
vented to the atmosphere and is not intended to accommodate internal pressures at the top greater than
7 kPa (1.01 psig) nor internal vacuum greater than 300 Pa (0.04 psig).
26) ULC allows flat unflanged heads with bracing to be used for heads but not bulkheads. UL-142 allows flat
unflanged heads with bracing to be used for bulkheads but not for heads.
27) Bulkhead thicknesses per ULC is based on the tank diameter. Per UL-142 bulkheads shall not be less
than 0.167" thick for diameters 76" and less and shall be 1/4" for diameters over 76".
28) ULC bracing for flat unflanged heads are attached vertically. UL-142 bracing for unflanged bulkheads are
attached horizontally.
29) ULC specifies that the tank manufacturer must supply a special capacity chart if the tank is not built with
flat heads.
30) The secondary tank per UL-142 does not have to be in intimate contact with the primary tank as long as
standoffs per Figure 21.1 are used. ULC requires intimate contact of the primary and secondary tank.
31) UL-142 allows the shell of the secondary tank to extend past the primary tank. The secondary heads
must then meet the same requirements as the primary heads. If the shell extends more than 12" past the
primary tank, the secondary shell thickness must meet the same requirements as the primary shell. ULC
does not allow this type of secondary shell extension.
32) ULC allows flat unflanged heads for use as secondary heads. UL-142 does not.
33) UL-142 requires a prime coat of paint. ULC does not.

Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142


Item
Maximum Diameter
Maximum Height

UL-142
None
4 times diameter with a maximum of 35'

ULC-S601
4000 mm (157.48")
4 times diameter

Maximum Capacity
Actual Tank Capacity

50000 gallons
Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 10%
-0.5 psig to 1.0 psig

175000 L (46260 gallons)


Cannot exceed nominal rated capacity by
more than 2.5%
Appendix A gives the maximum wind
velocity and seismic zones for
unanchored tanks. It also give maximum
snow loads for roofs and maximum
internal pressures. Maximum internal
pressure ranges from 1 kPa (0.145 psig)
to 9.4 kPa (1.36 psig). All are dependent
upon tank diameter and height.

A36, A569, A635, A167, A240, or a


carbon content of 0.3% or less and
mechanical strength equal to one of the
other steels listed

A283-C, A569, A635, CSA G40.21M 230


G, 304 SS, 316 SS, or any welding quality
carbon or low alloy steelwith a minimum
yield strength of 200 mPa (29000 psi)

Pressure Range

Material Grades

Stainless Steel
Thickness
Head Construction

Gives allowable thicknesses which are


thinner than carbon steel.
Maximum of 3 pieces for diameters 48" to
96". Maximum of 4 pieces for diameters
97" to 144".
Flat Flanged Heads
Flange depth is to be 5 times the head
thickness but not less than 1/2". Inside
knuckle radius at least equal to 1.5 times
the head thickness.
Cone Roof Heights
Tank Radius/6 for roofs less than 0.167"
thick. Tank radius/12 for roofs 0.167"
thick or thicker.
Thickness of shell more 0.240" for primary tank. 0.167" for
than 25' below top edge secondary tank.
Tank Supports
Not specified.

Makes no distinction between carbon


steel and stainless steel thicknesses.
Maximum of 4 pieces.

Lifting Lugs

Not specified.

Required. Design per Figure 2. If tailing


lugs are required they are per Figure 2.

Maximum Fitting Size


Not specified.
Minimum Fitting Spacing Not specified.

1/2 the tank radius.


Minimum distance between the center of
two fittings shall not be less than the sum
of their diameters.
Maximum of 6" pipe size above liquid
level. Maximum of 3" pipe size below
liquid level.
Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads
are not required.

Couplings and Tank


Flanges

No limitations.

Flanged Fittings Above


Liquid Level

Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


are not required.

Flange depth is to be 6 times the head


thickness and not less than 25 mm (1").
Inside knuckle radius at least equal to 2
times the head thickness.
Tank diameter/10.

No additional requirements.
If anchor devices are required they must
be attached to the primary tank only.

Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142


Item
Flanged Fittings Below
Liquid Level

UL-142
Schedule 40 pipe up to 12". Reinforcing
pads are not required.

Threaded pipe nipples or


pipe for butt welding
Secondary containment
shells not in intimate
contact with primary tank

Standard weight pipe. Reinforcing pads


are not required.
Allows for shells not in direct contact with
the primary tank as long as they have a
means to securely position the primary
tank within the secondary containment
shell.
Manways
None required in the draft of the new
version.
Air testing of primary and Tested at 1-1/2 psig minimum and 2-1/2
secondary tanks
psig maximum.

Vacuum test

ULC-S601
Standard weight pipe for fittings in single
wall tanks. For double wall tanks the
minimum wall thickness is the thickness
of the primary tank shell. No reinforcing
pads are required.
Not allowed.
Not allowed.

None required.
Tested at 30 kPa (4.5 psig) minimum and
35 kPa (5 psig) maximum for tanks 1750
mm (69") diameter and less.

Tested at 20 kPa (2.9 psig) minimum and


30 kPa (4.5 psig) maximum for tanks
1750 mm (69") to 3000 mm (118")
diameter.
Tested at 10 kPa (1.5 psig) minimum and
20 kPa (2.9 psig) maximum for tanks
3000 mm (118") to 4000 mm (157.48")
diameter.
Vacuum test interstice at 13" mercury for Vacuum test interstice at minimum of 81
a minimum of 12 hours. Vacuum not to kPa (24" mercury) for 5 hours with the
vary more than +/- 2" mercury. This test vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa
can be done in place of the pressure test (20" mercury). After this test the interstice
on the secondary tank.
with a minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
for 5 days with a drop in vacuum not to
exceed 9 kPa (2.65" mercury). This is in
addition to the pressure test.

Monitoring Device

Not required.

Shipping with vacuum

Not required.

Other devices

None.

Vacuum monitoring devices are required


on double wall tanks. They must be
tested for 5 days prior to placing on the
tank and must be in place for the 5 day
tank test.
All double wall tanks must ship with a
minimum of 51 kPa (15" mercury)
vacuum on the interstice.
A gauge chart and gauge stick shall be
supplied with the tank. Tanks equipped
with a fill pipe connection at the top of the
tank must ship with spill containment and
overspill protection devices.

Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142


Item
Uniform Specification
Tanks

UL-142
No specifications.

Weak shell-to-roof
Painting

Allowed if meets the requirements of


paragraph 15.5.2 thru 15.5.6.
One primer coat is required.

Rim Angle (if used)

Only specifed for weak shell-to-roof.

ULC-S601
Must be fabricated to the design in Figure
1. This specifies fitting sizes and
locations.
Not allowed.
None required. (If tank is coated,
recommends the bottom surface of the
tank not be coated if the tank is intended
to be in direct contact with grade without
integral cathodic protection.)
35 mm x 35 mm x 6 mm (1.38" x 1.38" x
0.236") for tanks up to and including 1500
mm (59") diameter. 55 mm x 55 mm x 6
mm (2.17" x 2.17" x 0.236") for tanks over
1500 mm diameter.

Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142


1) All parts of shells more than 25' below top edge must be 0.240" for primary and 0.167" for secondary for
UL-142.
2) Maximum tank height is 35' for UL-142.
3) Maximum Diameter is 4000mm (157.48") for ULC. UL-142 has no maximum.
4) Maximum height is 4 x diameter for both UL-142 and ULC.
5) Maximum capacity for UL-142 is 50000 gallon and 46260 gallons (175000 L) for ULC.
6) Per UL-142 the cone height is radius/6 for roofs made of less than 0.167" steel and radius/12 for roofs
made of 0.167" or thicker steel. ULC is diameter/10 for all thicknesses.
7) Per UL-142 the actual tank capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by 10%. Per ULC the actual
capacity can exceed the nominal rated capacity by only 2.5%.
8) ULC requires lifting lugs and specifies the design in Figure 2. If tailing lugs are required (they do not
speciy when they are required) they shall be Figure 2.
9) ULC specifies all steel shall have a minimum yield strength of 200MPa (29000 psi).
10) ULC specifies the minimum distance between the center of two fittings shall not be less than the sum of
their diameters.
11) ULC specifies the maximum size of any connection shall not be greater than 1/2 the tank radius.
12) ULC includes a non-mandatory appendix (Appendix A) which gives the maximum wind velocity and
maximum seismic zones for unachored tanks. It also gives maximum snow loads for roofs. Although they
say it is non-mandatory, they also state that the stability of unanchored tanks whould be verified with the
data contained in Appendix A.
13) ULC specifies that anchor devices must be attached to the primary tank only.
14) UL-142 specifies that primary and secondary tanks be air tested at 1-1/2 psig (10 kPa) minimum and 21/2 psig (17 kPa) maximum. ULC specifies the minimum shall be 30 kPa (4-1/2 psig) and a maximum of
35 kPa (5 psig) for tans 1750 mm (69") in diameter and less. For tanks from 1750 mm to 3000 mm
(118") in diameter the minimum is 20 kPa (2.9 psig) and maximum of 30 kPa. From 3000 mm to 4000
mm (157.48") in diameter the minimum is 10 kPa (1-1/2 psig) and maximum of 20 kPa.
15) UL-142 has an option to vacuum test the interstice at 13 inches of mercury for a minimum of 12 hours
with vacuum maintained at plus or minus 2 inches of mercury. This can be done instead of the pressure
test. ULC specifies that after the pressure test is completed, the interstice shall be tested at 81 kPa (24
inches of mercury) for 5 hours with the vacuum dropping no lower than 67.5 kPa (20 inches of mercury).
After this test the tank shall be tested with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury) held for a
period of 5 consecutive days with a drop of vacuum not to exceed 9 kPa (2.65 inches of mercury).
16) ULC requires vacuum monitoring devices on double wall tanks be factory installed. Prior to installing the
monitoring device to the tank, it shall be assembled and pass the 5 day test specified above. It shall then
be attached to the tank for the tank 5 day test and can be used to measure the interstice performance.
17) ULC requires all double wall tanks be shipped with a minimum vacuum of 51 kPa (15 inches of mercury).
18) ULC requires a spill containment device and an overfill protection device be supplied with all tanks
equipped with a fill pipe connection at the top of the tank.
19) Per ULC all uniform specification tanks shall be fabricated to the design in Figure 1. This specifies fitting
sizes and locations.
20) UL-142 specifies the flange depth on flat flanged heads to be 5 times the head thickness, but not less
than 1/2". ULC specifies it as being 6 times the head thickness, but not less than 25 mm (1 inch).
21) ULC limits the size of threaded connections located below liquid level to a maximum of 3" pipe size.

Notes on Vertical Tank comparison of ULC-630 and UL-142


22) ULC specifies that flanged connections below liquid level can be made from standard weight pipe without
any reinforcing pads. UL-142 specifies standard weight pipe for fittings in the roof and ex-hvy pipe for
fittings in the shell. This is different than on horizontal tanks. (The new draft changes this to Sch 40
pipe).
23) It appears that ULC only allows threaded couplings and 150# flanged fittings. Externally threaded pipe
and butt welded pipe connections do not appear to be allowed.
24) UL-142 allows thinner material to be used if it is stainless steel. ULC does not.
25) UL-142 requires a manway in all tanks exceeding 5000 gallon capacity. ULC does not require a manway.
(UL-142 deletes this requirement in the new draft.)
26) UL-142 defines an atmospheric tank as one that has been designed to operate at pressures from
atmospheric through 0.5 psig (3.4 kPa). ULC has a range on the allowable internal pressure from 1.0 kPa
(0.145 psig) to 9.4 kPa (1.36 psig) depending upon the tank height and diameter. The values are listed in
table A2 and are for unanchored tanks.
27) Weak shell-to-roof is allowed by UL-142 but not by ULC.
28) One coat of primer is required by UL-142. None is required by ULC.
29) Size of rim angle is specifed by ULC but not by UL-142 except for weak shell-to-roof.

Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks
Item
Sizes
Other types

Limitations

UL-142
ULC-S601
24" to 36" (The new draft removes
Minimum 600 mm (24") diameter.
anything under 24".)
Reverse flanged manways allowed on the Allows other types as long as they are
top of the tank.
designed by a Registered Professional
Engineer. Manways must have
reinforcing pads.
None.
Design 9.1 is allowed on tanks up to
50000 L (13000 gallons). Design 9.2 is
required on all tanks larger than 50000 L.

Reinforcing Pads

Not required.

Machining

Not required.

24" Manway Dimensions 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27"


BC. Minimum material thickness is
0.167". Full face or ring gaskets may be
used.

Projections

2 times neck thickness minimum. 2"


minimum for tanks 72" in diameter and
larger.

Required on all manways in tanks or


compartments larger than 50000 L.
Required for all manways installed on a
head of tanks 3000 mm (118") diameter
and larger.
Required on all flanges and covers of
manways located below the liquid level.
Design 9.1: 750 mm (29.5") OD with (24)
M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") BC.
Flange and cover are 10 mm (0.394")
thick and the neck is 16 mm (0.63") thick.
The neck protrudes through the flange
and must be machined. Ring gasket is
required.
Design 9.2: 830 mm (32.68") OD with
(28) M20 (0.79") bolts on a 770 mm
(30.32") BC. Flange and cover are 9.5
mm (0.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm
(0.24") thick. Full face gasket is required.
A manway made of 6 mm (0.24") thick
material with the neck and flange formed
as one piece with dimensions the same
as Design 9.2 may be used above liquid
only.
180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- 0.394") for
manways on the top of the tank.

80 mm +/- 10 mm (3.15" =/- 0.394") for


manways below the liquid level.
Long Bolt Manway
Same as manway.
4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight
Covers
flange of 30 mm +/- 5 mm (1.18" +/0.197").
Long Bolt Manway Bolts 1/2 of the number normally installed in the 3 required seal welded to the cover with
manway.
double lock nuts.

Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks
Item
UL-142
Lift on Long Bolt Manway Minimum 1-1/2".

ULC-S601
Minimum 45 mm (1.77") between the face
of the flange and the bottom of the lip on
the cover.

Comparison of Manways
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks
1) Per UL-142, manways in sizes from 16" to 36" may be used. Manways for ULC tanks must be a
minimum of 600 mm (24") diameter. (UL-142 draft deletes manways under 24".)
2) For manways installed on the top of the tank, UL-142 allows a reverse flanged manway. ULC does not
have this as part of their listing.
3) 24" manways per UL-142 are 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" bolt circle. All material is 0.167"
minimum thickness. Per ULC, there are two different designs.
ULC design no. 9.1 is 750 mm(29.5") OD with (24) M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") bolt circle. The
flange and cover are 10 mm (.394") thick and the neck is 16 mm (.63") thick. The neck protrudes through
the flange and has to be machined. The gasket is a ring gasket.
ULC design no. 9.2 is 830 mm (32.68") diameter with (28) M20 (.79") diameter bolts on a 770 mm (30.32"
bolt circle. The flange and cover are 9.5 mm (.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm (.24") thick. The gasket
is a full face gasket.
4) ULC design no. 9.1 is allowed on tanks up to 50000 L (13000 gallon) capacity. Design 9.2 is required on
all tanks larger than 50000 L.
5) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways in tanks or compartments greater than 50000
L (13000 gallon).
6) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways located on the tank head for tanks 3000 mm
(118") in diameter and greater.
7)
ULC requires machining of all flanges and covers of manways that are located below the liquid level.
8) ULC allows a manway made of 6 mm (.24") thick material that has the flange and neck formed as one
piece to be used only above the high liquid level. The dimensions are the same as design 9.2.
9) ULC allows other manways as long as they are designed by a Registered Professional Engineer and the
manway must have a reinforcing pad.
10) UL-142 gives a minimum projection of 2" for tanks 72" in diameter and larger. ULC requires a projection
of 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- .394") for manways on the top of a tank and 80 mm +/- 10 (3.15" =/.394") for manways below the highest liquid level.
11) ULC allows a long bolt manway for emergency venting. The manway dimensions must meet the
requirements of design 9.1 or 9.2. The cover is to be 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight flange 30 mm
+/- 5 (1.18" +/- 0.197") long. It uses 3 bolts seal welded to the cover and double lock nuts.
12) UL-142 long bolt manways are required to have 1/2 of the normal bolts installed in the manway.
13) ULC requires long bolt manway covers to have an open space of 45 mm (1.77") minimum between the
manway flange and the bottom lip of the manway cover.

Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks
Item
Sizes

Other types

Limitations

Reinforcing Pads
Machining
Dimensions for 24"
manway in shell.

Roof Manway
Dimensions

UL-142
24" to 36" diameter. (The new draft
removes anything under 24".)

ULC-S601
Minimum 500 mm (20") diameter for roof
manways. Minimum 600 mm (24")
diameter for shell manways.
Reverse flanged manways allowed on the Allows other types as long as they are
roof or shell of the tank.
designed by a Registered Professional
Engineer. Reinforcing pads are required.
None.

Design 8.2 is allowed on tanks up to


50000 L (13000 gallons). Design 8.3 is
required on all tanks larger than 50000 L.
Roof manways must have welded joints
for flange to neck (integral flange and
neck are not allowed).
Not required.
Required on all manways in the shell of
tanks larger than 50000 L.
Not required.
Required on all flanges and covers of
manways located below the liquid level.
Per draft, 32-3/4" OD with (28) 3/4" bolts Design 8.2: 750 mm (29.5") OD with (24)
on 30-1/4" BC. Neck thickness is the
M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") BC.
same as the shell. Cover thickness
Flange and cover are 10 mm (0.394")
varies from 3/8" to 1/2" and the flange
thick and the neck is 16 mm (0.63") thick.
from 1/4" to 3/8" depending upon the tank The neck protrudes through the flange
height.
and must be machined. Ring gasket is
required.
Design 8.3: 830 mm (32.68") OD with
(28) M20 (0.79") bolts on a 770 mm
(30.32") BC. Flange and cover are 9.5
mm (0.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm
(0.24") thick. Full face gasket is required.
(20" manway is not in the new draft.) For
24" manway the dimensions are 28-1/2"
OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" BC.
Minimum material thickness is 0.167".
Full face or ring gaskets may be used.

Roof Manway Projection 6"


Shell Manway
Projections
Long Bolt Manway
Covers

2 times neck thickness minimum. 2"


minimum for tanks 72" in diameter and
larger.
Same as roof manway.

Design 8.1: 620 mm (24.41") OD with


(20) M12 (1/2") bolts on a 580 mm
(22.84") BC. All material is 6 mm (0.24")
thick.

180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- 0.394") for


manways on the top of the tank.
80 mm +/- 10 mm (3.15" =/- 0.394") for
manways below the liquid level.

4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight


flange of 30 mm +/- 5 mm (1.18" +/0.197").
Long Bolt Manway Bolts 1/2 of the number normally installed in the 3 required seal welded to the cover with
manway.
double lock nuts.

Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks
Item
UL-142
Lift on Long Bolt Manway Minimum 1-1/2".

ULC-S601
Minimum 58 mm (2.28") between the face
of the flange and the bottom of the lip on
the cover for manways with 600 mm
inside diameter.
Minimum 64 mm (2.52") between the face
of the flange and the bottom of the lip on
the cover for manways with 500 mm
inside diameter.

Comparison of Manways
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks
1) Per UL-142, manways in sizes from 16" to 36" may be used for manways. (UL-142 draft deletes all
manways less than 24"). Manways for ULC tanks must be a minimum of 500 mm (20") diameter for roof
manways and must be a minimum of 600 mm (24") diameter.
2) For manways installed on the roof of the tank, UL-142 allows a reverse flanged manway. ULC does not
have this as part of their listing. (UL-142 draft allows reverse flanged manway on the roof or shell of the
tank.)
3) 20" roof manways per UL-142 are 24-1/2" OD with (20) 1/2" bolts on a 23" bolt circle. All material is
0.167" minimum thickness. Per ULC, the roof manway must be 620 mm +/- 10 (24.41" +/- 0.394") OD
with (20) M12 (1/2") diameter bolts on 580 mm +/- 5 (22.84" +/- 0.197") bolt circle. All material is 6 mm
(0.24"). (UL-142 draft does not allow 20" manway.)
4) ULC requires roof manway neck to flange be welded. They do not indicate that a intergal formed neck is
allowed.
5) On roof manways, UL-142 shows a projection of 6". ULC shows a projection of 180 mm +/- 10 (7.09" +/0.394").
6) 24" manways for below liquid per UL-142 are 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" bolt circle. Neck
material is 0.167" minimum thickness. (The UL-142 draft changes this to match Table 9.4). Flange and
cover thickness depends upon the height of the tank and is per Table 9.3. The cover thickness will range
from 3/8" to 1/2" thick and the flange thickness will range from 1/4" to 3/8" thick. Per ULC, there are two
different designs.
ULC design no. 8.2 is 750 mm(29.5") OD with (24) M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") bolt circle. The
flange and cover are 10 mm (.394") thick and the neck is 16 mm (.63") thick. The neck protrudes through
the flange and has to be machined. The gasket is a ring gasket.
ULC design no. 8.3 is 830 mm (32.68") diameter with (28) M20 (.79") diameter bolts on a 770 mm (30.32"
bolt circle. The flange and cover are 9.5 mm (.375") thick and the neck is 6 mm (.24") thick. The gasket
is a full face gasket.
7) ULC design no. 8.2 is allowed on tanks up to 50000 L (13000 gallon) capacity. Design 8.3 is required on
all tanks larger than 50000 L.
8) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways in tanks greater than 50000 L (13000 gallon).
9) ULC requires machining of all flanges and covers of manways that are located below the liquid level.
10) ULC allows a manway made of 6 mm (.24") thick material that has the flange and neck formed as one
piece to be used only above the high liquid level. The dimensions are the same as design 8.3.
11) ULC allows other manways as long as they are designed by a Registered Professional Engineer and the
manway must have a reinforcing pad.
12) UL-142 gives a minimum projection of 2" for tanks 72" in diameter and larger. ULC requires a projection
of 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- .394") for manways on the top of a tank and 80 mm +/- 10 (3.15" =/.394") for manways below the highest liquid level.
13) ULC allows a long bolt manway for emergency venting. The manway dimensions must meet the
requirements of design 8.1, 8.2 or 8.3. The cover is to be 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight flange 30
mm +/- 5 (1.18" +/- 0.197") long. It uses 3 bolts seal welded to the cover and double lock nuts.
14) UL-142 long bolt manways are required to have 1/2 of the normal bolts installed in the manway.
15) UL-142 has a requirement that if the manway is larger than 24" diameter and is below liquid it is to have
the dimensions and bolting per table 9.4 in addition to the thicknesses of table 9.3.
16) ULC requires long bolt manway covers to have an open space of 58 mm (2.28") minimum between the
manway flange and the bottom lip of the manway cover for manways with 600 mm inside diameter and an
open space of 64 mm (2.52") minimum with 500 mm inside diameter manways.

Manway Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks
Item
Sizes

Other types
Limitations
Reinforcing Pads

Machining

UL-142
24" to 36" (The new draft removes
anything under 24".)

ULC-S601
Minimum 500 mm (20") diameter.
(However, paragraph 3.8.1 says it shall
be in accordance with Figure 5 which
calls for 600 mm (24").)
Reverse flanged manways allowed on the No other design allowed.
top of the tank.
None.
Allows only design 5.1.
Not required.
Required on all manways in tanks larger
than 50000 L. Required for all manways
installed on the side of the tank.
Not required.

24" Manway Dimensions 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27"


BC. Minimum material thickness is
0.167". Full face or ring gaskets may be
used.

Projections

2 times neck thickness minimum. 2"


minimum for tanks 72" in diameter and
larger.

Required on all manways of Design 5.1.


Design 5.1: 750 mm (29.5") OD with (24)
M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") BC.
Flange and cover are 10 mm (0.394")
thick and the neck is 16 mm (0.63") thick.
The neck protrudes through the flange
and must be machined. Ring gasket is
required.
180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- 0.394") for
manways on the top of the tank.

80 mm +/- 10 mm (3.15" =/- 0.394") for


manways below the liquid level.
Long Bolt Manway
Same as manway.
4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight
Covers
flange of 30 mm +/- 5 mm (1.18" +/0.197").
Long Bolt Manway Bolts 1/2 of the number normally installed in the 3 required seal welded to the cover with
manway.
double lock nuts.
Lift on Long Bolt Manway Minimum 1-1/2".
Minimum 100 mm (3.94") between the
face of the flange and the bottom of the
lip on the cover.

Comparison of Manways
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks
1) Per UL-142, manways in sizes from 16" to 36" may be used. (UL-142 draft deletes all manways less than
24") Manways for ULC tanks must be a minimum of 600 mm (24") diameter. (Paragraph 3.8.3 of ULC
says the inside diameter shall be greater than 500 mm. However, paragraph 3.8.1 says it shall be in
accordance with Figure 5 which calls for 600 mm.)
2) For manways installed on the top of the tank, UL-142 allows a reverse flanged manway. ULC does not
have this as part of their listing.
3) 24" manways per UL-142 are 28-1/2" OD with (24) 1/2" bolts on a 27" bolt circle. All material is 0.167"
minimum thickness. Per ULC, there is only one design that is acceptable. This is different than in the
horizontal specification.
ULC design no. 5.1 is 750 mm(29.5") OD with (24) M16 (5/8") bolts on a 700 mm (27.5") bolt circle. The
flange and cover are 10 mm (.394") thick and the neck is 16 mm (.63") thick. The neck protrudes through
the flange and has to be machined. The gasket is a ring gasket.
4) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways in tanks greater than 50000 L (13000 gallon).
(The horizontal specification also says this applies to compartments greater than 50000 L. The
rectangular specification only mentions tank capacities exceeding 50000 L.)
5) ULC requires reinforcing pads be installed on all manways located on the tank sides.
6) The ULC rectangular specification does not allow for any other manway. This is different than for the
ULC horizontal tanks where ULC allows other manways as long as they are designed by a Registered
Professional Engineer and the manway must have a reinforcing pad.
7) UL-142 gives a minimum projection of 2" for tanks 72" in diameter and larger. ULC requires a projection
of 180 mm +/- 10 mm (7.09" +/- .394") for manways on the top of a tank and 80 mm +/- 10 (3.15" =/.394") for manways on the side of the tank.
11) ULC allows a long bolt manway for emergency venting. The manway dimensions must meet the
requirements of design 5.1. The cover is to be 4.5 mm (0.177") thick with a straight flange 30 mm +/- 5
(1.18" +/- 0.197") long. It uses 3 bolts seal welded to the cover and double lock nuts.
12) UL-142 long bolt manways are required to have 1/2 of the normal bolts installed in the manway.
13) ULC requires long bolt manway covers to have an open space of 100 mm (3.94") minimum between the
manway flange and the bottom lip of the manway cover. This is over twice as much as is required for
horizontal tanks and almost twice as much as is required for vertical tanks.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 6.1


No. 2

UL-142 limitations
None

Shell Joints of Primary Tank


ULC Figure 5
S5.1

No. 1
No. 2
No. 4
No. 6

None
None
Minimum lap is 1/2".
Maximum diameter = 65". Minimum overlap = 1/2"
for tanks 48" in diameter and less and 3/4" for
tanks over 48" diameter.

S5.2
S5.3
S5.4
S5.5

No. 3

Minimum overlap is 1/2" for tanks 48" in diameter


and less and 3/4" for tanks over 48" diameter.
Inside can be skip welded 1" in 12" or seal welded.

S5.6

No. 5

Minimum lock weld is 1/2" diameter spaced no


more than 12" apart. Minimum overlap is 3 times
the lock weld diameter.

ULC limitations
Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177")
None
None
(see Note 1)
Maximum diameter = 2500 mm (98.4") and maximum
thickness = 7 mm (0.276"). Minimum overlap = 12 mm
(0.473"). For longitudinal joints this joint must be located
within 135 degrees of top centerline (if saddles are on
the tank this joint shall be within 115 degrees of top
centerline). (see also Note 1) (Note 1 does not apply to
longitudinal seams if the inside lap is positioned down in
order to permit liquid to run out of the joint)
Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.473"). Inside can be skip
welded 50 mm in 350 mm (2" in 14") or seal welded.
(see also Note 1)
Not allowed.

Note 1: All tanks 10000 L (2643 gallons) and larger shall have all inside longitudinal joints seal welded. They shall also have seal welding on the inside
bottom circumferential for the following lengths:
Up to 2000 mm (78.74") diameter
1000 mm (39.37")
Over 2000 mm to 2500 mm (98.43") diameter
1250 mm (49.21")
Over 2500 mm to 3000 mm (118.11") diameter
1500 mm (59.06")
Over 3000 mm to 3600 mm (141.73") diameter
1750 mm (68.90")
Over 3600 mm to 4000 mm (157.48") diameter
2000 mm (78.74")

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 6.2

Head to Shell Joints of Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 6
ULC limitations
Not allowed (Figure 6.2 does not show any single
H6.1
Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
welded joints even if they are full penetration).
thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177")

No. 1 & No. 2

None
Not allowed (Figure 6.2 does not show any single
welded joints even if they are full penetration).

H6.2
H6.3

None
None

No. 7
No. 3 & No. 4

Minimum overlap is 1/2"


Minimum overlap is 1/2"

H6.4
H6.5

Minimum overlap is 1/2". Inside weld can be skip


welded 1" in 12" or be seal welded.

H6.6

Not allowed

H6.7

None
Maximum diameter = 2500 mm (98.4") and maximum
thickness = 7 mm (0.276"). Minimum overlap = 12 mm
(0.473"). For tanks up to and including 1300 mm
(51.18") diameter and a maximum shell thickness of 2.5
mm (0.098") the minimum overlap is 8 mm (0.315").
(see also Note 1)
Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.473"). Inside can be skip
welded 50 mm in 350 mm (2" in 14") or seal welded.
(see also Note 1)
Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177"). Head bracing is required.

Not allowed
Minimum overlap is 1/2"
Minimum overlap is 1/2"
None

H6.8

No. 6

No. 5
No. 8
No. 9 & No. 10

Head bracing is required.


Not allowed
Not allowed
Not allowed

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 7.1


No. 3, 4, 6, & 7
No. 2 & 5

None
None

Fittings Above the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 8
ULC limitations
No. 8.1 & No. 8.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe
No. 8.3
(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe size)

No. 5

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside.

No. 8.4

No. 8

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush.

No. 8.5

Reinforcing pads are not required.

No. 8.6

No. 1

None

(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 168.3 mm (6" pipe


size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out
or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
(Pipe with Flange) Maximum diameter is 273 mm (10"
pipe size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and
out or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Fillet weld size is equal to the neck thickness. Fitting
cannot be trimmed flush but must extend inside the tank
a minimum of 3 times the neck thickness.
(Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum
diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness.
Not allowed

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 7.1


No. 3, 4, 6, & 7

None

No. 2 & 5

None

Fittings Below the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 8
ULC limitations
No. 8.1 & No. 8.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe
size)
No. 8.3
(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size)

No. 5

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside.

No. 8

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush.
Reinforcing pads are not required.

No. 1

None

No. 8.4

(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size).


Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out or a
groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Not allowed

No. 8.6

(Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum


diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness. Fittings less than 114.3 mm (4" pipe
size) shall have a wall thickness equal to or greater than
the shell thickness and do not require reinforcing pads.

Not allowed

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S601 Horizontal Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 9.1

No. 1,4,5 & Fig. 9.2

No. 2,3,6,7,8 & 9

Manways installed in the Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 9
ULC limitations
No matching configuration
9.1
Maximum of 50000 L (13000 gallon) tank. Fillet welds in
and out equal to the shell thickness are required.
Flange is attached to the neck with a groove weld and a
fillet weld both from the underside of the flange. Cannot
be used on the head of a tank.
Flange can be attached to manway neck with a
9.2
Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or
fillet or a double fillet weld. Integrally formed necks are
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed
only allowed on manways above the liquid level.
on the top of tank can be installed with a single
Reinforcing pad is required and is fillet welded in and out
fillet weld on the outside. Manways installed below
to the manway neck. Reinforcing pad is welded on the
the liquid level require a fillet weld in and out. No
outside to the tank. Reinforcing pad is welded on the
reinforcing pad is required.
inside to the cutout in the shell.
Must be installed above liquid.
Not allowed

Secondary Containment Tanks:


Attachment of secondary shells for shells with intimate contact is a fillet weld for both UL-142 and ULC. ULC indicates that the shell is to be stitch
welded to the primary tank 50 mm in 500 mm (2" in 20").
Attachment of the double bulkheads is by full fillet welds for both UL-142 and ULC. However, ULC has an option on double wall tanks to double butt
weld the bulkheads to the shell which creates two tanks and then using a connecting ring stitch welded to the tanks to connect them into one. The
secondary shell is then wrapped over this.
ULC (in Figure 12) shows fittings installed in tanks with secondary containment to be fillet welded to the outside of the primary tank. A closing plate is
then placed over the fitting and is fillet welded to the fitting and the outside of the closing plate is fillet welded to the secondary shell. UL-142 does not
show any details for attaching fittings on secondary contained tanks.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 6.1


No. 2

UL-142 limitations
None

Shell Joints of Primary Tank


ULC Figure 3
S3.1

No. 1
No. 2
No. 4

None
None
Minimum lap is 1/2".

S3.2
S3.3
S3.4

No. 6

Maximum diameter = 65". Minimum overlap = 1/2"


for tanks 48" in diameter and less and 3/4" for
tanks over 48" diameter.

S5.5

No. 3

Minimum overlap is 1/2" for tanks 48" in diameter


and less and 3/4" for tanks over 48" diameter.
Inside can be skip welded 1" in 12" or seal welded.

No. 5

Minimum lock weld is 1/2" diameter spaced no


more than 12" apart. Minimum overlap is 3 times
the lock weld diameter.

ULC limitations
Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 3 mm (0.118")
None
None
Open side of the seam must be facing downwards in
order that liquid runs out of the seam.
Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 3 mm (0.118"). Minimum overlap = 12 mm
(0.473"). Open side of the seam must be facing
downwards in order that liquid runs out of the seam.
Not allowed.

Not allowed.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 6.3

No. 1
No. 5

No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
Splices

Bottom to Shell Joints of Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 4
ULC limitations
Not allowed
B4.1
Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59"). The minimum
projection is 25 mm (1").
Minimum projection is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is
B4.2
The minimum projection is 25 mm (1").
greater.
None
B4.3
None
The minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472"). (Bottom head
Not allowed
B4.4
is offset with a seal weld on the inside.)
Minimum overlap is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is
B4.5
The minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472").
greater.
Minimum overlap is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is
Not allowed
greater.
Minimum overlap is 1/2" or 1.5t whichever is
Not allowed
greater.
May use any joint in Figure 6.1 except joint 6
Splices
Double butt welding required.
unless made of more than 4 pieces and then it
must be double butt welded.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

No. 10
No. 5
No. 3

Roof Joints
UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 5
Not allowed. (Single welded butt joints with full
R5.1
penetration are not shown.)
None
R5.2
Not allowed
R5.3
Minimum overlap is 1/2".
R5.4
None
R5.5
Inside fillet of angle to shell shall be tack welded.
R5.6

No. 6
No. 4

None
Inside fillet of angle to shell shall be tack welded.

R5.7
R5.8

Not allowed

R5.9

UL-142 Figure 6.4

No. 9

No. 1
No. 2
No. 8
No. 11
Splices

None
None
None (Shell is offset.)
Minimum overlap is 1/2". (Roof is lapped on
outside of shell.)
May use any joint in Figure 6.1 unless made of
more than 4 pieces and then it must be double butt
welded.

Splices

ULC limitations
Maximum diameter = 1500 mm (59") and maximum
thickness = 3 mm (0.118")
None
None (Straight flange of roof is offset.)
Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472")
None
Minimum overlap of angle to shell is 12 mm (0.472").
Inside fillet weld of angle to shell is skip welded 50 mm
in 350 mm (2" in 14")
None
Minimum overlap of angle to shell is 12 mm (0.472").
Inside fillet weld of angle to shell is skip welded 50 mm
in 350 mm (2" in 14")
Minimum overlap of angle to shell is 12 mm (0.472").
Inside fillet weld of angle to shell is skip welded 50 mm
in 350 mm (2" in 14")
Not allowed.
Not allowed.
Not allowed.
Not allowed.
Double butt welding required.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 7.1


No. 8 & Fig. 7.3
No. 5 & Fig. 7.3
No. 1,2,3,4,6,7,9

UL-142 Figure 7.2


Flange

UL-142 limitations
None (Reinforcing pads may be added)
None (Reinforcing pads may be added)
None

None
Not allowed.

Threaded Type

Flange without
Reinforcing Plate

Fittings in the Roof


ULC Figure 7
No. 7.1
No. 7.2

ULC limitations
None
None
Not allowed.

Fittings Below the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 6
ULC limitations
No. 6.1 & No. 6.2 (Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe
size)
No. 6.3
(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size)

None

No. 6.4

None. Reinforcing plates may be used.

No. 6.5

(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size).


Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out or a
groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Maximum diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding
required for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld
on the outside or a groove weld on the inside with a fillet
weld on the inside. Fillet welds are equal to the
thickness of the neck. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush
but must extend inside the tank a minimum of 3 times
the neck thickness.Reinforcing pads are not required.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Fig. 9.2 & 9.4

Manways installed in the Primary Tank Shell


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 8
ULC limitations
No matching configuration
8.2
Maximum of 50000 L (13000 gallon) tank. Fillet welds in
and out equal to the shell thickness or 8 mm (0.315")
maximum are required. Flange is attached to the neck
with a groove weld and a fillet weld both from the
underside of the flange. Neck edge must be machined.

Fig. 9.2

Flange can be attached to manway neck with a


single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or
they may be integrally formed. A fillet weld equal
to the minimum steel thickness is required in and
out. No reinforcing pad is required.

Fig. 9.4

Flange can be attached to manway neck with a


double fillet or a fillet and a groove or may be
integrally formed. A reinforcing pad is required
with fillet welds in and out.

8.3

Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside


fillet or a double fillet weld. Integrally formed necks are
only allowed on manways above the liquid level.
Reinforcing pad is required and is fillet welded in and out
to the manway neck. Reinforcing pad is welded on the
outside to the tank. Reinforcing pad is welded on the
inside to the cutout in the shell. Flange and cover must
be machined.
Not allowed

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC-S630 Vertical Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 9.1


No. 1 & 5

No. 1,4,5 & Fig. 9.2

No. 2,3,6,7,8 & 9

Manways installed in the Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 8
ULC limitations
Flange can be attached to manway neck with a
8.1
Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or
fillet or a double fillet weld. Single fillet weld 6 mm
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed
(0.236") minimum or thickness of the roof is used to
on the top of tank can be installed with a single
attach neck to roof. Reinforcing pad is not required.
fillet weld on the outside. No reinforcing pad is
required.
No matching configuration
8.2
Fillet welds in and out equal to the shell thickness or 8
mm (0.315") maximum are required. Flange is attached
to the neck with a groove weld and a fillet weld both from
the underside of the flange. Neck edge must be
machined.
Flange can be attached to manway neck with a
8.3
Flange can be attached to neck with a single outside
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or
fillet or a double fillet weld. Integrally formed necks are
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed
allowed on manways above the liquid level. Reinforcing
on the top of tank can be installed with a single
pad is not required.
fillet weld on the outside. No reinforcing pad is
required.
Must be installed above liquid.
Not allowed

Secondary Containment Tanks:


Attachment of secondary shells for shells with intimate contact is a fillet weld for both UL-142 and ULC. ULC indicates that the shell is to be stitch
welded to the primary tank.
ULC has a Figure 11 which shows various combinations of secondary bottom connections related to the type of primary bottom connection. They also
have a Figure 12 with another option that uses an elbow to maintain continutiy between the shell and bottom of the interstice. UL-142 does not give any
specifics.
ULC (in Figure 10) shows fittings installed in tanks with secondary containment to be fillet welded to the outside of the primary tank. A closing plate is
then placed over the fitting and is fillet welded to the fitting and the outside of the closing plate is fillet welded to the secondary shell. UL-142 does not
show any details for attaching fittings on secondary contained tanks.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 6.1


No. 2
No. 1
No. 2
No. 4
No. 6
No. 3
No. 5

UL-142 limitations
None
None
None
Minimum lap is 1/2".
Minimum overlap = 1/2".

Side Wall Joints


ULC Figure 1
S4.1
S4.2
S4.3
S4.4
S4.5

Minimum overlap is 1/2". Inside can be skip


welded 1" in 12" or seal welded.
Minimum lock weld is 1/2" diameter spaced no
more than 12" apart. Minimum overlap is 3 times
the lock weld diameter.

S4.6

ULC limitations
Maximum shell thickness = 4.5 mm (0.177")
None
None
None
Maximum shell thickness = 7 mm (0.276"). Minimum
overlap is 12 mm (0.472").
None. Minimum overlap is 12 mm (0.472").
Not allowed.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 6.5

No. 4
No. 2
No. 6
No. 1
No. 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10
No. 11 & 12

UL-142 Figure 6.5


No. 7
No. 8
No. 9
No.10
No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
No. 11 & 12

Corner Joints (Excluding the Bottom)


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 2
Not allowed (Figure 6.5 does not show any single
H5.1
None
welded joints even if they are full penetration).
Not shown.
Not allowed (Figure 6.5 does not show any single
welded joints even if they are full penetration).

H5.2
H5.3

None
None

None
None
Not shown.
None
Not shown.
None
None
None

H5.4
H5.5
H5.6
H5.7
H5.8

None
None
None
None
None
Not allowed
Not shown.
Not shown.

UL-142 limitations
None
None
Not shown.
None
None
None
None

Bottom to Shell Joints


ULC Figure 3
B3.1
B3.2
B3.3
B3.4
B3.5

ULC limitations

ULC limitations
None
None
None
None
None
Not allowed
Not shown.

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 7.1


No. 3, 4, 6, & 7
No. 2 & 5

None
None

Fittings Above the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 4
ULC limitations
No. 4.1 & 4.2
(Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe
No. 4.3
(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 141.3 mm (5" pipe size)

No. 5

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside.

No. 4.4

No. 8

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush.

No. 4.5

Reinforcing pads are not required.

No. 4.6

No. 1

None

(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 168.3 mm (6" pipe


size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out
or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
(Pipe with Flange) Maximum diameter is 273 mm (10"
pipe size). Welding required is either a fillet weld in and
out or a groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Fillet weld size is equal to the neck thickness. Fitting
cannot be trimmed flush but must extend inside the tank
a minimum of 3 times the neck thickness.
(Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum
diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness.
Not allowed

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 7.1


No. 3, 4, 6, & 7

None

No. 2 & 5

None

Fittings Below the Liquid Level in Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 4
ULC limitations
No. 4.1 & 4.2
(Tank Flange) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe
size)
No. 4.3
(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size)

No. 5

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside.

No. 8

Only requires fillet weld on the outside. May we


welded on the inside. May be trimmed flush.
Reinforcing pads are not required.

No. 1

None

No. 4.4

(Coupling) Maximum diameter = 88.9 mm (3" pipe size).


Welding required is either a fillet weld in and out or a
groove weld on the outside with a fillet weld.
Not allowed

No. 4.6

(Pipe with Flange and reinforcing pad) Maximum


diameter is 610 mm (24" pipe size). Welding required
for the neck to the shell is either a groove weld on the
outside or a groove weld on the inside with a 6 mm
(1/4") fillet weld on the inside. A fillet weld equal to the
thickness of the neck is required on the outside between
the neck and the reinforcing pad and a fillet weld equal
to the shell thicknessis required between the reinforcing
pad and the shell. Fitting cannot be trimmed flush but
must extend inside the tank a minimum of 2 times the
shell thickness. Fittings less than 114.3 mm (4" pipe
size) shall have a wall thickness equal to or greater than
the shell thickness and do not require reinforcing pads.

Not allowed

Welding Comparison
UL-142 and ULC/ORD-C142.18 Rectangular Aboveground Tanks

UL-142 Figure 9.1

No. 1,4,5 & Fig. 9.2

No. 2,3,6,7,8 & 9

Manways installed in the Primary Tank


UL-142 limitations
ULC Figure 5
ULC limitations
No matching configuration
5.1
Maximum of 50000 L (13000 gallon) tank without a
reinforcing plate. Over 50000 L a reinforcing plate is
required. Fillet welds in and out equal to the shell
thickness are required. Flange is attached to the neck
with a groove weld and a fillet weld both from the
underside of the flange. If used on the side of the tank,
a reinforcing plate is required.
Flange can be attached to manway neck with a
Not shown.
single fillet on the outside or a double fillet weld or
they may be integrally formed. Manways installed
on the top of tank can be installed with a single
fillet weld on the outside. Manways installed below
the liquid level require a fillet weld in and out. No
reinforcing pad is required.
Must be installed above liquid.
Not allowed

Secondary Containment Tanks:


Attachment of secondary shells for shells with intimate contact is a fillet weld for both UL-142 and ULC. ULC indicates that the secondary shell is to be
stitch welded to the primary tank. Various bottom joints for double wall tanks are given in Figure 11 and 12 of ULC.
Attachment of the double bulkheads is by full fillet welds for both UL-142 and ULC. However, ULC has an option on double wall tanks to double butt
weld the bulkheads to the shell which creates two tanks and then using a connecting ring stitch welded to the tanks to connect them into one. The
secondary shell is then wrapped over this.
ULC (in Figure 10) shows fittings installed in tanks with secondary containment to be fillet welded to the outside of the primary tank. A closing plate is
then placed over the fitting and is fillet welded to the fitting and the outside of the closing plate is fillet welded to the secondary shell. UL-142 does not
show any details for attaching fittings on secondary contained tanks.