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ISSUED FOR

USE (IFU)
15-JUN-2011

WEST QURNA I

SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


AREA PAVING CONSTRUCTION

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0

SCOPE ................................................................................................................................................ 3

2.0

REFERENCES.................................................................................................................................... 3
2.1

SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................... 3

2.2

ASTM INTERNATIONAL .......................................................................................................... 3

3.0

QUALITY CONTROL.......................................................................................................................... 4

4.0

SUBMITTALS ..................................................................................................................................... 5

5.0

MATERIALS........................................................................................................................................ 5
5.1

CONCRETE............................................................................................................................... 5

5.2

WATER...................................................................................................................................... 5

5.3

ASPHALT.................................................................................................................................. 6

5.4

AGGREGATE FOR BASE AND SUBBASE ............................................................................ 6

5.5

AGGREGATE FOR ASPHALT PAVING.................................................................................. 7

5.6

AGGREGATE FOR STONE AND GRAVEL SURFACING...................................................... 7

5.7

GEOGRID AND GEOTEXTILE ................................................................................................. 7

6.0

SUBGRADE PREPARATION AND SUBBASE ................................................................................. 7

7.0

BASE COURSE PREPARATION AND CONSTRUCTION................................................................ 8

8.0

BASE COURSE PREPARATION AND CONSTRUCTION FOR AREAS WITH PAVEMENT


THAT IS TO BE REPLACED.............................................................................................................. 9

9.0

GEOTEXTILE AND GEOGRID HANDLING AND INSTALLATION ................................................ 10

10.0 GRAVEL PAVEMENT ...................................................................................................................... 11


11.0 ASPHALT PAVEMENT .................................................................................................................... 11
11.17 PRIME COAT .......................................................................................................................... 13
11.18 TACK COAT............................................................................................................................ 13
11.19 JOINT CONSTRUCTION ........................................................................................................ 14
12.0 CONCRETE PAVEMENT ................................................................................................................. 14

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1.0

SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


AREA PAVING CONSTRUCTION

SCOPE

This specification covers the minimum requirements for the materials and installation of
roadways and area paving.
2.0

DEFINITIONS

The entities and terms used in this specification are defined as follows:
Company: The entity issuing the contract for the work or their authorized agent.
Contractor: The entity contracted to perform the work for the Company.
Contract Documents: The documents that form the contract issued by the Company.
3.0

REFERENCES

The following publications form a part of this specification.


3.1

SPECIFICATIONS

Doc. No.

Title

IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-040901

Specification for Earthwork

IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-040101

Specification for Concrete Design and Construction

IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-0009

Specification for Concrete Paving & Building Slab

3.2

ASTM INTERNATIONAL

Doc. No.

Date

Title

ASTM C131

2006

Standard Test Method for Resistance to Degradation of Small-Size Coarse


Aggregate by Abrasion and Impact in the Los Angeles Machine

ASTM D242M

2009

Standard Specification for Mineral Filler for Bituminous Paving Mixtures

ASTM D448

2008

Standard Classification for Sizes of Aggregate for Road and Bridge


Construction

ASTM D692M

2009

Standard Specification for Coarse Aggregate for Bituminous Paving Mixtures

ASTM D977

2005

Standard Specification for Emulsified Asphalt

ASTM D1073

2007

Standard Specification for Fine Aggregate for Bituminous Paving Mixtures

ASTM D1241

2007

Standard Specification for Materials for Soil-Aggregate Subbase, Base, and


Surface Courses

ASTM D1557

2009

Standard Specification for Test Method for Laboratory Compaction

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Doc. No.

Date

Title
Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort

ASTM D1883

2007

Standard Test Method for CBR (California Bearing Ratio) of Laboratory


Compacted Soils

ASTM D2026M

1997

Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Slow-Curing Type)

ASTM D2027M

2010

Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Medium-Curing Type)

ASTM D2028M

2010

Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Rapid-Curing Type)

ASTM D2041

2003

Standard Test Method for Theoretical Maximum Specific Gravity and Density
of Bituminous Paving Mixtures

ASTM D2726

2010

Standard Test Method for Bulk Specific Gravity and Density of NonAbsorptive Compacted Bituminous Mixtures

ASTM D2940M

2009

Standard Specification for Graded Aggregate Material for Bases or


Subbases for Highways or Airports

ASTM D3203

2005

Standard Test Method for Percent Air Voids in Compacted Dense and Open
Bituminous Paving Mixtures

ASTM D3381M

2009

Standard Specification for Viscosity-Graded Asphalt Cement for Use in


Pavement Construction

ASTM D4439

2004

Standard Terminology for Geosynthetics

ASTM D4873

2002

Standard Guide for Identification, Storage, and Handling of Geosynthetic


Rolls and Samples

ASTM D3628

2008

Standard Practice for Selection and Use of Emulsified Asphalts

ASTM D5361

2006

Standard Practice for Sampling Compacted Bituminous Mixtures for


Laboratory Testing

ASTM D6926

2010

Standard Practice for Preparation of Bituminous Specimens Using Marshall


Apparatus

ASTM D6927

2006

Standard Test Method for Marshall Stability and Flow of Bituminous Mixtures

4.0

QUALITY CONTROL
4.1

The Contractor shall submit to the Company a written Quality Control Program and
Inspection Procedures document for approval that shall provide details of how
compliance with the requirements of this specification and Contract Documents will be
achieved.

4.2

Unless otherwise specified in the Contract Documents, an inspection and testing agency
shall be retained by the Contractor to perform field and laboratory testing to verify
compliance of the work with the requirements of this specification and to ensure the
achievement of the intents and purposes of work. The name and qualifications of the

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proposed inspection/testing firm(s) shall be submitted along with the Contractors


proposal for Company approval. The inspector shall maintain the quality control report
and make it available to the Company. Any non-compliant items and proposed
resolutions shall be reported to the Company.

5.0

6.0

4.3

The performance or lack of performance of such tests and inspections shall not be
construed as granting relief from the requirements of these specifications or the other
contract documents.

4.4

During construction, the Company shall have access to all the Contractors facilities and
records for the purpose of conducting performance inspection/audits.

4.5

If the completed work is not in accordance with this specification, the Contractor shall be
responsible for repairing or reconstructing the deficiencies to meet this specification and
the other Contract Documents.

SUBMITTALS
5.1

Prior to the start of construction and the delivery of materials, the Contractor shall submit
for approval certified laboratory test data for the products to be used in the work.

5.2

Submit results of the tests required during the performance of the work.

MATERIALS
6.1

CONCRETE
6.1.1

6.2

Concrete materials for roadways and area paving shall be in accordance with
specification IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-040101, Concrete Design and
Construction.

WATER
6.2.1

Water used in road base construction shall be reasonably free of salts, oils, acids,
alkalis, organic matter, or other deleterious substances. Water may be fresh and
untreated. Water shall not be brackish or from the ocean.

6.2.2

Water used in concrete mixes shall comply with specification IQWQ-FTNSPDS-00-040101 Concrete Design and Construction.

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6.3

SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


AREA PAVING CONSTRUCTION

ASPHALT
6.3.1

Asphalt cement shall be viscosity grade AC-5, AC-10, or AC-20 conforming to


ASTM D3381.

6.3.2

Asphalt paving for base and surface courses shall be a mixture of asphalt cement,
coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, and if required, a mineral filler. Asphalt paving
mix shall be established using the Marshall mix design method (ASTM D6926,
ASTM D6927, & ASTM D3203) based on the parameters in Table 6.3.2 and
shall be submitted to the Company for approval.

Table 6.3.2
Parameter
Stability (min.)
Flow
Voids in mineral aggregate (min.)
Air voids

6.4

Base Course
340 kg (750 pounds)
2 mm to 5 mm
(0.08 inch to 0.20 inch)
15%
5% to 14%

Surface Course(s)
450 kg (1,000 pounds)
2 mm to 3.5 mm
(0.08 inch to 0.14 inch)
14%
3% to 5%

6.3.3

All bituminous paving mixes used for surfacing and base courses shall be hotmix, hot-lay. Where local resources are not available for this type of
construction, a request to use mix-in-place (roadmix) or a penetration type of
treatment may be submitted for approval.

6.3.4

Cutback asphalt shall be in accordance with ASTM D2026, ASTM D2027, or


ASTM D2028.

6.3.5

Emulsified asphalt shall be in accordance with ASTM D977 and ASTM D3628.

6.3.6

Liquid asphalt for prime coat shall be grade MC-70, grade MC-250, grade RG70, or grade RC-250 in accordance with ASTM D2027 or ASTM D2028.

6.3.7

Asphalt cement for tack coat shall be viscosity grade AC-20 in accordance with
ASTM D3381.

6.3.8

The asphalt mix design shall achieve a bulk density, measured in accordance
with ASTM D2726, of 96 percent of the theoretical maximum density as
determined by ASTM D2041.

AGGREGATE FOR BASE AND SUBBASE


6.4.1

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Materials for pavement base and subbase (if required) shall consist of durable
and sound crushed gravel, crushed stone, or slag. The materials shall be free
from organic matter, lumps of clay, clay coatings, or other objectionable matter;
and shall conform to ASTM D2940. The aggregate shall have a soaked
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California Bearing Ratio (CBR) of at least 80 percent when tested in accordance


with ASTM D1883, and a percentage of wear not exceeding 45% when tested in
accordance with ASTM C131.
6.5

6.6

6.7

AGGREGATE FOR ASPHALT PAVING


6.5.1

Fine aggregate for asphalt paving shall be natural or manufactured sands


conforming to ASTM D1073.

6.5.2

Coarse aggregate for asphalt paving shall be crushed stone, crushed slag, or
crushed gravel in accordance with ASTM D692. That portion of the coarse
aggregate material retained on the Number 4 sieve shall contain not less than
50% by weight of crushed pieces having at least one fractured face.

6.5.3

Mineral filler shall be limestone dust, dolomite dust, or Portland cement


conforming to ASTM D242.

AGGREGATE FOR STONE AND GRAVEL SURFACING


6.6.1

Stone and gravel surfacing materials for roadways shall be in accordance with the
requirements of ASTM D1241. Crushed aggregate, conforming to the
requirements of ASTM D448, may be considered if a suitable soil-aggregate
mixture cannot be locally obtained.

6.6.2

Stone and gravel materials used for surfacing of areas subject to vehicular traffic
shall contain approximately 10 percent of a binder, such as an inorganic clay or
silt mixture.

GEOGRID AND GEOTEXTILE


6.7.1

7.0

Unless otherwise specified in the Contract Documents, geotextiles and geogrids


shall be made of material (e.g. fibers and threads) that consist of long-chain
synthetic polymers, composed of at least 95 percent by weight of polyolefins or
polyesters. They shall be formed into a stable network such that the filaments or
yarns retain their dimensional stability relative to each other, including slevages.
They shall be resistant to damage under normal construction practices and all
forms of biological or chemical degradation encountered in soil, fill, or
pavement. Geogrids shall have a regular grid structure with uniform openings.
Terminology for geotextiles and geogrids shall be in accordance with ASTM
D4439.

SUBGRADE PREPARATION AND SUBBASE


7.1

Clearing, grubbing, stripping, removal of waste, source of borrow, and construction


drainage shall conform to IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-040901 Earthwork.

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SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


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7.2

Subgrade preparation for roadways shall be in accordance with specification IQWQ-FTNSPDS-00-040901, Earthwork.

7.3

If a subbase layer is specified in the Contract Documents, it shall be carried 300 mm to


900 mm (1 foot to 3 feet) beyond the paved roadway width, unless otherwise shown on
the Contract Documents. The thickness of the subbase (if required) shall be 100 mm (4
inches), unless otherwise specified in the Contract Documents.

7.4

The subbase shall be installed in accordance with the compaction requirements for
Structural Fill in specification IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-040901, Earthwork.

7.5

Where shown on the Contract Documents, the upper surface of in situ road subgrade soils
shall be stabilized after stripping is complete in accordance with the Contract Documents.

BASE COURSE PREPARATION AND CONSTRUCTION


8.1

The graded aggregate base course shall not be constructed when atmospheric temperature
is below 2C (35F) or when other weather conditions detrimentally affect the quality of
the base course.

8.2

The base course shall be placed in lifts not greater than 100mm (4 inches) and installed in
accordance with the compaction requirements for Structural Fill in specification IQWQFT-NSPDS-00-040901, Earthwork.

8.3

Unless otherwise specified in the Contract Documents, the minimum thickness of the
untreated aggregate base shall be 150 mm (6 in).

8.4

Any deviation greater than 12 mm ( inch) in cross section or 12 mm ( inch) in length


as measured with a 5 m (16 ft) straightedge shall be corrected by loosening, adding, or
removing material and then reshaping and recompacting by sprinkling and rolling.

8.5

The compacted base course shall be shaped to a smooth and even surface, free of voids,
and to the required elevation.

8.6

The base course shall be maintained in a smooth, true-to-grade, compacted condition


until it is covered by other construction.
8.6.1

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Where a bituminous base or full-depth asphalt design is specified on the Contract


Documents, it shall be constructed using a hot-mix, hot-laid bituminous
aggregate mixture; that is, spread and compacted in layers. It shall be compacted
and densified with smooth-steel wheeled, tandem power-driven rollers with a
minimum metal weight of 100 kN (22,000 lb). Unless otherwise specified, the
minimum thickness of the bituminous base shall be 100 mm (4 in).

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SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


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8.7

The average thickness of the base course, determined by computing the average of the
depth measurement, shall not underrun the specified thickness by more than 6 mm (1/4
inch).

8.8

The thickness of the base course shall be measured at intervals such that there is a depth
measurement for at least each 420 square meters (500 square yards) of complete base
course by making test holes, at least 75 mm (3 inches) in diameter, through the base
course.

8.9

Where base course thickness deficiency is more than 12 mm (1/2 inch), corrections shall
be made by scarifying, adding mixture of proper gradation, reblading, and recompacting.
Where the measured thickness is more than 12 mm (1/2 inch) thicker than specified,
consider it as the specified thickness plus 12 mm (1/2 inch) for determining the average.

8.10

When correcting deficiencies for smoothness and thickness, material shall be removed in
a manner that does not disturb or mix material from the underlying course into the layer.
Edges of the new material shall be feathered so that the joint between new and original
material is invisible.

8.11

After construction of the base has been completed, the base shall be protected until final
acceptance. Protection shall include drainage, rolling, shaping, and watering as necessary
to maintain the course in proper condition. Areas of aggregate base course damaged by
freezing, rainfall, or other weather conditions shall be corrected to meet the specified
requirements.

BASE COURSE PREPARATION AND CONSTRUCTION FOR AREAS WITH PAVEMENT


THAT IS TO BE REPLACED
9.1

Unless otherwise shown on the Contract Documents, the existing asphalt or concrete
shall be stripped and removed.

9.2

Unless otherwise specified on the Contract Documents, the density of subgrade shall be
spot checked to a depth of 200 mm (8 inches) below the existing base course.

9.3

Subgrade that does not meet the density requirements for areas to receive fill or loading
in specification IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-040901, Earthwork shall be reworked.

9.4

Unless otherwise shown on the Contract Documents, the existing base shall be scarified
to a depth of 200 mm (8 inches) and compacted.

9.5

If the existing base material does not meet the compaction requirements for Structural
Fill in specification IQWQ-FT-NSPDS-00-040901, Earthwork, the material shall be
either removed and replaced, mixed, spread, or re-compacted to meet the compaction
requirements.

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9.6

10.0

SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


AREA PAVING CONSTRUCTION

The base course shall be maintained in a smooth, true-to-grade, compacted condition


until it is covered by other construction.

GEOTEXTILE AND GEOGRID HANDLING AND INSTALLATION


10.1

When specified in the Contract Documents, geotextile and geogrid products shall be
installed to the elevations and locations specified.

10.2

Installation methods, including but not limited to, overlap, anchorage, seams and repair,
of geotextile and geogrid products shall be in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions.

10.3

Geotextile and geogrid labeling, storage and shipment shall be in accordance with ASTM
D4873. The products shall be stored off the ground and covered with a material that
protects the product, including the ends of the roll, from water, sunlight, and
contaminants.

10.4

The geotextile and geogrid shall be laid smooth, without wrinkles or folds.

10.5

Prior to covering the geotextile or geogrid shall be inspected to ensure that there is no
damage (i.e. holes, tears, rips). Damage shall be repaired immediately in accordance with
the manufacturers instructions.

10.6

Fill material shall be placed on the geotextile or geogrid by end dumping from the edge
or over previously placed fill. Unless otherwise specified in the Contract Documents,
construction vehicles shall not be allowed directly on the geotextile or geogrid. Turning
of vehicles shall not be permitted on the first lift above the geotextile or geogrid.

10.7

Exposure of geotextiles and geogrids to sunlight, rain, or other environmental exposure


following laydown shall be a maximum 14 days.

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11.0

12.0

SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


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GRAVEL PAVEMENT
11.1

The material shall be rolled with a self-propelled, three-wheel roller weighing no less
than 9 tonnes (10 tons) or with Company approved vibratory equipment.

11.2

Rolling shall start longitudinally at sides and proceed toward the center of the pavement.
Successive trips shall overlap by at least 450 mm (18 inches). Alternate trips of the roller
shall be slightly different in length.

11.3

On the final layer, the outside wheel of the roller shall cover equal parts of the material
and the shoulder. The roller shall run forward and backward along the edge until the
shoulder and coarse material are bound together firmly.

11.4

The roller motion shall be slow enough to avoid displacement of material. Continue
rolling until the required density is achieved and the entire surface is well-keyed and does
not creep or wave ahead of the roller.

11.5

The roller wheels shall be moistened with water to prevent adhesion of material to
wheels. The surface of the rollers shall be kept free of all foreign matter, such as oil and
grease, when the roller is stationary or in motion.

11.6

Rolling shall be continued until 95% of maximum compaction dry density in accordance
with ASTM D1557 is achieved.

11.7

Finish the surface of the layer by blading or rolling with a smooth roller or a combination
thereof. The completed surface shall be firm, even, and true to line and grade.

11.8

If the mixture is excessively moistened by rain, aerate it by means of blade graders or


other approved equipment until the moisture content of the mixture is satisfactory.
Sampling of compacted mixes from the roadway shall be in accordance with ASTM
D5361.

11.9

In places that are inaccessible to large rollers, the road surface may be compacted with
smaller mechanical equipment or hand tampers that are lightly oiled.

ASPHALT PAVEMENT
12.1

The surface of the area to be paved shall be clean and kept from accumulating materials
that would contaminate the mixture, prevent bonding, or interfere with spreading
operations.

12.2

The surfaces of curbs, gutters, manholes, and other structures that asphalt paving will be
placed against shall be covered with a thin, uniform coat of liquid asphalt.

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12.3

Where asphalt paving is placed against the vertical face of an existing pavement, the
vertical face shall be cleaned to remove foreign substances and coated with liquid asphalt
at a rate of approximately 1.14 liters per square meter (0.25 gallons per square yard).

12.4

Debris shall be removed from the tack coat before hot-mix asphalt is applied.

12.5

Hot-mix asphalt shall be transported in tight, clean vehicles with facilities for maintaining
the specified temperature. The temperature of hot-mix asphalt dumped from the
transporting vehicle to the asphalt-laying machine shall not be lower than 127C (260F)
or higher than 160C (320F). A higher limit is preferred in cold weather.

12.6

Hot-mix asphalt shall be placed on an approved roadbed and spread by a self-propelled


paver that is capable of spreading and finishing the mixture to the required width and
thickness; true to line, grade, and cross section. The paver shall also be capable of
providing a smoothly struck finish with uniform density and texture, without the need for
an undue amount of back dressing to correct irregularities.

12.7

Where the thickness of finished paving is greater than 75 mm (3 inches), equal lifts
consisting of a leveling-up course and a surface course shall be spread. Where the
thickness is 75 mm (3 inches) or less, finished paving shall be spread in one layer.

12.8

A sufficient amount of material shall be placed to achieve the required thickness after
compaction.

12.9

One tandem roller and one three-wheel roller or pneumatic roller shall be provided for
each job. Rolling with the three-wheel and tandem rollers shall start longitudinally at the
sides and proceed toward the center of the pavement. Rolling shall be continued until no
further compression can be obtained and all roller marks are eliminated. However,
rolling shall be discontinued when the asphalt temperature drops below 82C (180F).

12.10

Actual bulk density for full depth of compacted asphalt paving as determined by ASTM
D2726 shall range between 92% and 97% of theoretical maximum density as determined
by ASTM D2041.

12.11

When checked with a 3-meter (10-foot) straight edge held parallel to the centerline of the
pavement, the surface shall have no irregularities greater than 3 mm (1/8 inch).

12.12

The average thickness of the course, or of combined courses shall be within 6 mm (1/4
inch) of the indicated thickness.

12.13

Asphalt that is discolored, indicating the bitumen has been overheated, shall not be used.

12.14

Air temperature shall be above 4C (40F) for application of prime coat, tack coat, and
asphalt surface courses. Temperature readings shall be taken in the shade and away from
artificial heat.

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12.15

SPECIFICATION - ROADWAY AND


AREA PAVING CONSTRUCTION

Prime coat, tack coat, and asphalt surface courses shall not be applied in unsuitable
weather conditions. Unsuitable weather conditions include:

Dense fog
Rain
Wind that is blowing at such a rate that proper compaction cannot be attained due to
cooling of the mixture, or when sand, dust, or other debris is being deposited on the
underlying surface to such an extent that proper bonding cannot be achieved.

12.16

Surfaces that are adjacent to curbs, gutters, liners, and structures shall be finished such
that, when compacted, the surfaces are slightly higher than the edge of adjacent item.

12.17

PRIME COAT
12.17.1 After the base has been prepared and compacted, the prime coat shall be applied

and allowed to cure at least 24 hours prior to placement new asphalt paving.
12.17.2 Asphalt for the prime coat shall be of medium curing type cutback asphalt.
12.17.3 The prime coat shall be applied with suitable hand sprayers or truck-mounted

spray bars. The application rate is typically 0.7 liter to 1.8 liter per square meter
(0.15 gallon to 0.40 gallon per square yard) of surface.
12.17.4 If the asphalt is not entirely absorbed by the base course within 24 hours, excess

asphalt shall be blotted with light, dry sand.


12.17.5 Damaged prime coat shall be repaired immediately.
12.18

TACK COAT
12.18.1 The tack coat is applied in advance of the asphalt paving operation when placing

asphalt over existing pavements or between asphalt courses when more than one
asphalt course is to be used.
12.18.2 Holes, ruts, and depressions shall be cleaned out down to the hard surface and

dried, and the asphalt surface shall be thoroughly swept clean.


12.18.3 Broken surfaces shall be:

Lightly coated with rapid curing type cutback asphalt

Filled with surface asphalt

Compacted to form an even surface

12.18.4 Asphalt for the tack coat shall be rapid curing cutback.

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12.18.5 The tack coat shall be applied with a suitable hand sprayer or truck-mounted

spray bar. The typical rate is 0.09 liter to 0.36 liter per square meter (0.02 gallon
to 0.08 gallon per square yard) of surface.
12.18.6 The tack coat shall be applied sufficiently in advance of the spreading operation

of the asphalt mixture to permit volatiles to evaporate from the asphalt cement,
but not so far in advance that the tack coat becomes covered with dust or other
foreign substances.
12.19

JOINT CONSTRUCTION
12.19.1 Each asphalt paving layer shall be placed as continuously as possible to keep the

number of joints between old and new pavements, between successive days
work, or when the mixture has become cold (less than 60C [140F]) to a
minimum.
12.19.2 Joints shall be made in such a manner as to create a continuous bond between the

old and new pavement construction courses.


12.19.3 When the pavement construction involves two or more courses, joints in

successive courses shall be offset by at least 150 mm (6 inches).


12.19.4 If the placing of material is discontinued or if material in place becomes cold

(less than 60C [140F]), a joint running perpendicular to the direction traveled
by the paver shall be made. Before placement continues, the edge of the
previously placed pavement shall be trimmed to a straight line perpendicular to
the paver and cut back to expose an even vertical surface for the full thickness of
the course. When placement continues, the paver shall be positioned on the
transverse joint so that sufficient hot mixture will be spread to create a joint after
rolling that conforms to the required smoothness.
12.19.5 Joints that are not completed before the previously laid mixture has cooled to a

temperature of 60C (140F) shall be coated with liquid asphalt just before
paving is continued.
13.0

CONCRETE PAVEMENT
13.1.1 All concrete paving shall be constructed on a non-bituminous base as described

in Section 6.4.
13.1.2 Concrete pavement installation shall be in accordance with specification IQWQ-

FT-NSPDS-00-0009, Concrete Paving and Building Slab.

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