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Subject Name: SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING

3(2+1)
COURSE OUTLINE
(Name of Course Developer: Prof. Ashok Mishra, AgFE Department, IIT
Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721 302)
Module 1: Introduction and Concept of Soil Erosion
Lesson 1: Introduction
1.1 Why Soil and Water Conservation?
Lesson 2: Principles of Soil Erosion
2.1 Causes of Soil Erosion
2.2 Types of Soil Erosion
2.3 Agents of Soil Erosion
2.4 Factors Affecting Soil Erosion
2.5 Mechanics of Soil Erosion

Module 2: Water Erosion and Control


Lesson 3: Erosion Due to Water
3.1 Forms of Water Erosion
3.2 Factors Affecting Water Erosion
3.3 Types of Water Erosion
Lesson 4: Agronomical Measures for Water Erosion Control
4.1 Mechanics of Water Erosion Control
4.2 Agronomical Measures of Water Erosion Control
Lesson 5: Terraces for Water Erosion Control
5.1 Terraces and their Design
5.2 Bench Terracing
5.3 Types of Bench Terraces
5.4 Design of Bench Terraces
5.5 Alignment of Bench Terraces
5.6 Area Lost for Cultivation due to Bench Terracing
5.7 Maintenance of Bench Terraces
5.8 Solved Example of Terrace Design

Lesson 6: Bunding Methods for Water Erosion Control


6.1 Mechanical Measures for Water Erosion Control
6.2 Bunds (Contour Bunds, Graded Bunds) and their Design
6.3 Design Specification of Bunds
6.4 Construction of Bunds
Lesson 7: Gully Erosion
7.1 Development of Gullies
7.2 Classification of Gullies
7.3 Principles of Gully Control
7.4 Gully Control Measures
7.5 Classification of Gully Control Measures or Structures
7.6 Design Criteria of TGCS
Lesson 8: Drop Spillway
8.1 Permanent Gully Control Structures (PGCS)
8.2 Salient Features of PGCS
8.3 Planning for Design
8.4 Design Procedure
8.5 Basic Components of PGCS
8.6 Drop Spillway
8.7 Design of Drop Spillway
Lesson 9: Drop Inlet Spillway
9.1 Design of Drop Inlet Spillways
9.2 Components of Drop Inlet Spillway
Lesson 10: Chute Spillway
10.1 Components of Chute Spillway
10.2 Applicability
10.3 Material for Construction
10.4 Design Features
Lesson 11: Earthen Dam
11.1 Components of An Earthen Dam
11.2 Advantages
11.3 Disadvantages
11.4 Types of Earthen Dam
11.5 Design Criteria
11.6 Design of Earthen Dam
Lesson 12: Stream Bank Erosion
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Susceptible Area to Stream Bank Erosion
12.3 Process of Stream Bank Erosion

12.4 Bank Scour


12.5 Mass Failure
12.6 Impacts of Stream Bank Erosion
12.7 Causes of Stream Bank Erosion
12.8 Control Measures for Stream Bank Erosion
Lesson 13: River Training and Stream Bank Protection
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Types of Rivers
13.3 Objectives of River Training
13.4 Methods of River Training
13.5 Design of Spurs

Module 3: Wind Erosion, Estimation and Control


Lesson 14: Wind Erosion and Its Estimation
14.1 Wind Erosion
14.2 Factors Affecting Wind Erosion
14.3 Mechanics of Wind Erosion
14.4 Estimation of Soil Loss Due to Wind Erosion
Lesson 15: Wind Erosion Control Measures
15.1 Wind Erosion Control
15.2 Vegetative Measures
15.3 Tillage Practices
15.4 Mechanical Measures
15.5 Sand Dunes Stabilization

Module 4: Soil Loss-Sediment Yield Estimation


Lesson16: Soil Loss/Sediment Yield Estimation
16.1 Estimation of Soil Loss
16.2 The Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE)
16.3 Use of USLE
16.4 Limitations of Universal Soil Loss Equation
16.5 Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE)
16.6 Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation (MUSLE)
Lesson17. Erosivity and Erodibility
17.1 Erosivity of Rainfall
17.2 Soil Erodibility
17.3 Relationship between Rainfall Energy and Soil Erosion
Lesson 18: Estimation of USLE Parameters
18.1 USLE Parameters

18.2 Assumptions and Estimation of USLE Parameters

Module 5: Sedimentation
Lesson 19: Sedimentation of Water Resources
19.1 Sedimentation
19.2 Sources of Sedimentation
19.3 Factors Affecting Sedimentation of Water Resources
19.4 Losses due to Sedimentation of Water Resources
Lesson 20: Sediment Transport and Measurements
20.1 Mechanics of Sediment Transportation
20.2 Types of Sediments Transported Along with Streams
20.3 Methods of in Stream Sediment Measurements
Lesson 21: In-stream Sediment Measurements
21.1 Location of Measurement
21.2 Frequency of Measurement
21.3 Number of Monitoring Stations
21.4 Observation and Collection of Sediment Samples
21.5 Estimation of Different Loads from Samples
Lesson 22: Reservoir Sedimentation
22.1 Distribution of Sediments in Reservoirs
22.2 Distribution and Estimation of Reservoir Sedimentation
22.3 Factors Affecting the Sedimentation of Reservoirs
22.4 Rate of Reservoir Sedimentation- Sediment Delivery Ratio, Trap Efficiency
22.5 Reservoir Sedimentation Control

Module 6: Topographic Survey and Contour Maps


Lesson 23: Land Survey and Contour Maps
23.1 Survey of Land
23.2 Types of Maps and Mapping Units
23.3 Methods of Land Survey
23.4 Contour Maps Preparation
23.5 Uses of Contour Maps in SWCE
Lesson 24: Leveling and Grading of Land
24.1 Purpose of Leveling and Grading of Land
24.2 Methods of Leveling and Grading
24.3 Design of Land Grades
24.4 Estimation of Earthwork in Leveling and Grading
24.5 Methods of End-Area Determination
24.6 Construction and Maintenance

Module 7: Land Use Capability Classification


Lesson 25: Land Use and Capability Classification
25.1 Soil Use and Land Capability Classification
25.2 Land Capability Classes and their Characteristics
25.3 Land Capability Sub-Classes
25.4 Identification of Classes in Field
25.5 Arid and Semiarid, Stony, Wet, Saline-Sodic and Overflow Soils
25.6 Climatic Limitations
25.7 Wetness Limitations
25.8 Toxic Salts
25.9 Slope and Hazard of Erosion
25.10 Soil Depth
25.11 Previous Erosion
25.12 Available Moisture-Holding Capacity

Module 11: Grassed Waterways


Lesson 27: Grassed Waterways
27.1 Purpose of Grassed Waterways
27.2 Design of Grassed Waterways
27.3 Selection of Suitable Grasses
27.4 Construction Procedure and Maintenance
Module 11: Water Harvesting
Lesson 28: Water Harvesting
28.1 Importance of Water Harvesting
28.2 Types of Water Harvesting
28.3 Water Harvesting Technique
28.4 Runoff vs. Flood Water Harvesting
Module 11: Water Quality and Pollution
Lesson 29: Water Pollution
29.1 Types of Water Pollution
29.2 Sources of Water Pollution
29.3 Effects of Water Pollution
Lesson 30 Water Quality
30.1 Importance of Water Quality
30.2 Standards of Water Quality for Different Uses
30.3 National Water Quality Monitoring Programme

Module 11: Watershed Modeling


Lesson 31: Modeling of Watershed Processes
31.1 Model, Watershed Model and Modeling
31.2 Watershed Modeling-State of Art
31.3 Benefits of Watershed Modeling
31.4 Watershed Models
Lesson 32: Case Study-Watershed Modelling for Soil and Water Conservation and Water Quality
32.1 Applications of Watershed Modelling
32.2 Setting up a Watershed Model- Steps and Requirements
32.3 Case Study
32.4 Hydrological Modelling for Future Water Quantity Assessment