BRIEF HISTORIES OF DIVISIONS, 1917-1918

U.S* AFRMY

Prepared in the -Historical Branch, War Plans Division, General Staff* Junew 1921*
*^

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Note:-

Authorities for statemonts of fact are on file ia the Historical Branch, Comment, with a view to correction of any error discovered, is invited.

Prepa;red in the Histoi3cal B3ranch, War Plans Divisi'n, (:eeral Stuff, where authorities for statements are on fileo C mmonts are invited* THE FIRST DIVISION (Regular iArmy. Insignia; A crimson figure 1 on a khaki shield.)

The F i r s t Divi s i on w a s organized i n June} 1917, from troops of the Regular Airmy which at that time were much scattered, most ofthem being on Mexican borde r s ervic e . All w e r e a t - p e a c e s t r e ngth and were raised to war strength by transfers from other units. The units of the division were not c o n c e n t r a t e d until arrival in France, The organization was as

follows,,

1st Infantry Brigade: 1 6t h a nd 18 t h Infantry; 2d ivachine Gun Battalion. 2d Infantry Brigade; 26th and 28th Infantry; 3d Machine Guo Battalions 1st Field Artillery Brigade; 6th and 7th (light) .5th,(heavy) Field Artillery; 1st Trench Mortar Battery. 1st lachine Gun Battalion. 1st Engineers f 2d Field Signal Battalion. Trains, f i r s t t r oop s The s a i l e d f r o m H o b ok e n June 13, 1917, and disembarked at St. Nazaire, June 26, 1917. Division Headquarters landed June 27, 1917. The remainder of the troops followed in rapid succession except the Supply Train which did not a r r i v e i n F r a n c e un t i l May 6 , 1 9 1 8 # The Division (less artillery) was sent to the G o n d r e c o u rt area for training, For a similar purpose the artillery brigade went to Valdahon. En route from St. Nazaire to Gondrecourt, the 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry, participated in the July r4th parnade i n p a r i s , t h e f i r s t public appearance of American troops in Francew

-

toward theBIarnes The plans for the capture of Cantigny, however, were carried out, partly for the local advantage, but chiefly for the moral effectr both on friend and enemy, of showing American troops in an independent offensive operations The operation was well planned and well executed. The attack was made on the morning of May 28, 1918. All objectives were taken and held against strong counter attacks, constantly repeated for the next two,days, The Division remained in the Cantigny sector until July 7, 1918, when it was withdrawn to Dammartin-en-Goele, The lines along the Mlarne aalient'had meanwhile become stabilized4 On July 15, 1918 the Germans launched another short-lived offensive in Champagne, and on the 18th, the illies took the offensive, never to lose it again. .The first operation of the lilies was to straighten out the Marne salient, driving one attack eastward near Soissons, whilo another one caMe northward from the line of'the Tiarne. The First Division with the Second American Division, and the First Moroccan Diiision, made the attack from the west, For four days the Division advanced againot determined

the line October 21, 1917, in the Luneville sector, near Nancy, each unit bein- attached to a corresponding French unit. At 6 05 A. WV*,O c t o b e r 2 3, 1 9 1 7, Battery C, of the 6th Field Artillery, in position 400 m. east of Bathlemont, fired the first American shot of the war, In this secto r t h e Fi r s t D i v i s i o n took the first German to be captured in the war by the Americans, and suffered the first prisoner losses, three men of the 16th Infantry being killed, November 3, 1917, On the night of November .0, 1917, the Division was withdrawn from the line to the Gondrecourt Area to continue its training, It again entered the line in the Ansauville sector, near Toul, on the night of January 15 - 16, 1918, This sector became a more or less active one. On March 28, 1 9 1 8 , while the Division w a s still occupying this sector, General Pershing placed it at the disposal of the Allled High Command, In accordance with orders received from the Allied Command, the Division was withdrawn to Toul on April 3, 1918, and was immediately sent by rail to Picardy, where on April 25, 1918, it took over the active Cantigny sector, near montdidier, Cantigny marked a salient in one of the most advanced parts of the German lines. It was desirable to straighten'this line, especially in view of an Allied offensive movement, which was'contemplated. This offensive had to be given up owing to the development of a new German thrust

Th e D i v i s i on e n t e red

resistance, finally crossing the Sbissons-^Chateau-Thierry road and bringing Soissons itself under the American guns. The First Division was relieved by the 15th (Scottish) Division, on the night of July 23-24, 1918, This completed this phase of operations, The First Division had lost 8,365 men, including 60% of its Infantry officers. It had advanced U1 'kilometers and captured 3,500 prisoners, 68 guns and quantities of other material' * The Division after its relief from the Soissons offensive, was again moved eastward. On August 7, 1918, it took over the quiet Saizerais sector, near Touts Here iti remained until Auguet 24th,} when it wras withdrawn to, Vaucouleurs, in preparation for a new offensive, The First American Army was at last fully organized, and was about to undertake its first independent operation, the forcing of the St. Mihiel salients The plan called for a double attack, one from the west and one from the south, the-line between being lightly held by French troops. The southern attack consisted of a right wheel by a ling line, with its right on the Moselle River. The First Division formed the left or marching flank, of this line, thus being required to make the greatest advances The attack -began at 5:00 A. jva, September 12, 1918. The next morning the First Division established connection with the 26th Division at Vigneulles, which had come in from the western face, and the .St, Mihiel salient had ceased to exist, The First.Division was-relieved by the 42d'Divisiont and withdravwn to the Nonsard Wood as- reserve of the 4th Corps. During-the advance the Division captured 1(195 prisone6s, 30 field guns and howitzers, 50 machine guns and quantities of ammunition and stores, Its casualties amounted to 585 This operation was not pushed furtherd On September 20th# the First
Division was shifted west for the IMeuse-Argonne Qffensive* The Division moved on September 27, 1918, to Nixeville, thence tb Neuvilly, and-on the night of Septmber 30th relieved the 35th.Division near Very, The next eleven days the Division fought continuously in an advance east of the Wire Valley against, the most stubborn resistance of the best German troops, Fcvilleot Exermont, anid the rugged wooded country beyond were taken, and on the night of October 11, 1918,.the line ran east and west one-half a kilometer north of Somrnerance. The First Division was relieved by the 42d Division on the night of October 11 - 12, 1918, The Division had lost 9-194 men, but it had advanced 7 kilometers at a critical point of the line and captured 11400 prisoners, 13 field guns and many other stores, After relief from this offensive, the Division was moved.to the vicinity of Bar-le-Duc for a brief rest* On October 31 1918, the Division was in reserve of the 5th Corps., On the night of November §-6; 1918, .it entered the line north of the StonnevBeaumont road, and by noon November. 6 1918, had reached the Meuset at IMouon' It now turned to the left, and paralleling the river, advanced, until, on the afternoon of the 7tht it wEas occupying the heights of Sedan, with the city at its mercy. The French, for reasons of sentiment} wished to be the first to enter, so the Division was withdrawn to La Peva'ne, and on the 1lih, the irmistice'found it near Buzancyo, From .here it marched to Eix, a few miles from Verdun. Its losses since October i1 1918, had been 10, 116, more than those- of any other Division in the Meuse--Argonne operation* During operations the division took 6,661 prisoners. Its casualties

totalled 266,332, The Division was now assigned to the Third Army, the Army-of Occupation, and started for Germany on November 17, 1918» It crossed the Moselle, River at Wormeldingen and entered the enemy's country on December , 1918. The Rhine was crossed on Decemiber 13, 1918, and the Division etaablished itself in the Coblenz Bridgehead» Here it remained until August 16, 1919, when the movement home was begun, Division Headquarters emba-rked at Brest on August 25, 19190 and arrived at New York, September 5» 19190 The First Division had six different coimmanding generals as follows; . Maj, Gen. William L. S3ibert,. June 8 - Dec. 14, 1917; left division to become Chief of Chemical Warfare Service Maj CG-en, Robert L* Bullard, Dec 14, 1917 ( June 30, 1918; Brig. Ge-n/ Charles P, Summierall, July 1 6, 1918; Maj, Gen' Hobert L Bullard, July 7 - 17, 1918; left division to take comiand of 3d Army' Corps; -later Lieut# Gen' conmmanding 2d Army;

--l) '

MajGeno Charles PA, Summerall, July 18 w October 11, 191-; left di0ision to take conimand of 5th Army Corps. Brig*Gen. Frank En BamforA, Oct*l2-19 1918; trancmferred to communand 26th Division; Brig.Gen* Frank Parker, Oct*20"Nov,20, 1918 and Maj»Gen^Edward F#McGlachlin, Nov*20, 1918^Soptember 9, 1919* .
(1) COMBAT SERVICE, Somnrerrviller Sector, France, 16th Infantry 18th " ( * 26th r 28th 2d klaohine Gun Battalion 4 "f 3d *, t ? 5th Field Artillery 6th " " t t 7th FIRST DIVISION* 21 Oct

- 20 Novr

1917*

1st Engineers
2d Field Signal Battalion (2)Ansauville Seactar, France, and .Same as '(l) 1st Machine Gun Battalion (3) Cantigny Sector, France Same as (2) (4) Montdldier-Noyon defensive, 15 jan*
L

3 April, 1918*
" 8 June# 1918»

25,April
France

Same as (2) (5)Cantigny Sector, France,
Same as (2)

9 June

^ 13 June, 1918,

14 June - 7 July, 1918* 18 July - 23 July, 1918* .7 Aug
*

(6) Aissne-Marne offensive, Francet Same as (2) (7) Saizerais Sector, Frn Same as (2)
(8) St.Mihiel offensive, Francet
Same as (2) (o) Meuse-Argonne offensive,. France, Same as (l) and (2)
-

24 Auge,

1918.

12 Sept* * 13 Septs 1918.
26 Sept* L 11 Nov., 1918.,

Revised to June 3. .1921o RPL- egmcw

*

Bran^ j- War P.1lanS Divisions GoNoralk Stfaf-i whero authorities for statomonte aro on file# Comments aro invitodo THE, SZCOND DIVISIO)N&.
(Regular Army aad 4larineso Insignia: backwground,)
4*_ O I -W

r r par d iad the Hito roab-:

An Indian head on a star

The Second Division was organized in Octobers 1917 from troops of the Regular Army and Liarine Corps. T'ie organiza-ion wASas follows: 3d Infantry Brigade: 9th and 23d Infantry; 5th Machine Gun Battalions 4th Infantry Brigade: -5th and 6th Mvarines; 6th Machine Gun Battalion* 2d Field Artillery Brigade: 12th and 15th (light), 17th (heavy) Field Artillery; 2d Trench Mortar Battery, 4th Machine Gun Battalion* 2d Engineers* 1st Field Signal Battalion. Trains The first unit of the division arrived in France June 27, 1917; the last element March 15, 1918* For training purposes the infantry elements were sent to the department of Haute Marne and division headquarters were established Upon arrival of the artillery in December and January, at Bourmont* it was sent to Valdahon for instruction* During.the latter month all elements of the division were assembled in the vicinity of Bourmont for final training* On March 16th the division went into a quiet portion of the line between Verdun and Sti Mihiel - the Toulon - Troyon sectors* Here the troops were mingled with the French, and took- part in numerous minor operations; and on the night of April 13th-14t;h the 9th Infantry repulsed an unusually strong raid with complete success. The division remained in this sector until May 13th when it moved to the vicinity of Chaumonten-Veoxin (Oise) for further training preparatory to relieving the 1st Division near MSontdidier But. on May 27ththe Germans begin their offensive between the Aisne and the Marne and the division was placed at the disposal of the French. From June 1st to 3d it relieved exhausted French troops near Nontreuileaux-Lions oh a twelve kilometer front blocking the direct highway to Paris# The ^erman advance, however, soon spent its force and no serious effort was made to penetrate the -extended divisional front,. But the moral effect upon both friends and enemies of this intervention of Americans 'at this precise time {Pd place was very great. On June 4th the division co nienced a series of sigorous attacks, Ini' spite of desperate resistance the village of Bouresches was -taken, Belleau Wood was ocCupied and on July 1st Vaux ad the Bois de la Roche were captured. On July 9th after havLng spent 40 days in action which cost losses of 9,000 men the division was relieved and nmoved to

a reserve position along the line iontreuil-St* Aulde* fn July 18th the AllieS began the operation known as the Aisn6eo Marne iffe-^asive its imioediate purpose being the reduction of the Chtteau-Thierry salient. The 2d DivisioN wi-th the 1st American and 1st Mofoccan Divisions made the main attack from the west, south of Soissonst There was no artillery preparation and the attack was in the nature of a surprise* The division advanced eight kiloieters in 26 hours, caps turing the powerfully-organized positions of Deaurepaire Farin Vaucastille and Vierzy and by the end of the second day it was facing b Tigny, having lost 5,000 wn, - ut having captured 3,000 prisoners and 75 guns The. /division, except the artillery, was relieved by a French ton night of July 19th-20th, ancl assembled near Pierrefonds. he division The artillery remained in support of the French tantil July 25th.

J*

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area un'il Jlv.L The division was in training in th.jtmoyVillers of Nancihd on August 6th it relieved maved to the vicinity 28th wvhen it a French unit in the liialarbache Sector, where it reained unltil relieved by the 82d Divrision on Alugust loth, C(oo.r.beywles-Belles area, where active te It then novedt to
prepar ation f or the impendiingr t; inihiel cffensive was taken up In

this operation it; forusd tho, loft flank of the American 1st Corps on Advancing through ncrth of Limey. cal-sntl 1;; thle southl face of Reil.nalliJ Dur-'lng t-e
Japtured ie

it e;tendlldi airt; the nighT! of th e l'th»16.th it was ralleved by the 78th Division and withdrew to the;e TouA1 area* The American Tiieuse--Argonnoe operation started on September '26ths As a part of the saar strategic combination, the French 4th Army of the attac:.ed in tha Clhaerpagne, its-ri.ght connecting with the ltft American Ist Aray* For this opera-cion t hne 2d. Di.vision wa.s .placed- at the disposal of the Firench and moved to i-.h~lrns-sur-aitrlne and thence to

d ^w.cu i.i nexa three

'lc

rt

ald

Jaulny on September 12th. c on and consolidated its, gains;

_' ertred. On the nigh' of October Suippes. of Sommrne-Py, and atltacked -che morning 6f tlhe 3.
days against intense resistarce, it
rStW. ,round Farm and Blanc Iont ridge and the imen and 5,00 of3 ' fapEturinag i.lss Road suf fen' u) to thg

line northw;Est .st-2d tlD.x Iuri-ng the nxt.; four

acdva-ncldst eaaily,

aild -toock

ledeah

EtisnneuprteUil On 2.f300 p0risoeilrsn

the night o October 6th-'-7tl 'le 36th AmeriLcanl div.sion airri.vedS to reThle relief was com.,leted October I.01,h except for the artillery lieve it* and engineers who reinained in action "i,;'h ,he 36th Divisiono The di-ision a a I _.t Arr"-,r n moved eastward to jo in the Ar Passing thrnugh St. 1v1Mne',oul.d, les aletter, -aind the Argonne Forest, the division corcentrated in anc arolurd E:s rmo.1t u/here it was in, reserve Its artillery .nd sGgineec. rejoined t]he night of the 5th Arimy Corps. of October 31st and on tle sam3 rnih- it rnlieved,+.he 4-2d Divisior. in nade, .gneraL at-acl; \.-, i 1st a Iso'rrmoer On line south ofS.3t. Georges. pa9.iea b-y a yorwerful L1 tcrnoardrnent ard .C Lccn proeclded by an intense artillery barrage . The division cver-ran thec t wns of S'-, "eo ^nc- ana lawl(d3-etdifficulty, disposed of st-ubborn resistance in St. Geo4ai' withl little lle ,. Chcnnery -evi and cal:turdc Laaci Bois dcs Hazois without loss of tirn, bCeis de Opposition stiffuned at the so3'.-;.1n Cdga' ci' T'.e andc Bayonville,
1

h nighc' --. of audacio s .arrd sSilfu .- y xe :;! forward thlrough thde5se wOods Fo se, Nouart, and the Bois de Belval, and by Nove.-be;r 64h :,ad reach-lda Letallno n , the I t.he 10l was speni" n i evolitj-i' From -the tui t` *n the Mouse.
la Folie, However, by a series

.ia.aeuvers tlie dlvision rapidl'; pushel

river and nreparing. for a crossing.

On t6he night of the

lOtn-ilth a

Another attempt made et the same time crossing was effected at Letanneo to cross the MoVIuse at Mouzon was unsuccessfuil Its. During operations the division took 12,026 prisoners. totalled 25,076» casualties Army of After the a.rmis'tice the division was assigned to'the It enterQd Germany march on Noviember 17th, and began its Occupation, on the 13th, crossed the Rhine at Remagenr at Bollendorf on D&ce;aber l-t, the CoblenLz bridgehead with hopoquarters at and established itself-in the i!ovement home was begun, division Here it rernained until Heddesdorf. headquarters sailing from Brest July 25th and arriving at New York August 3d The divixion had five comonuanders as follows: Brig*Gen*Chas, At Doyen (t'eoporary), Oct,26,917 - Nov.8,t

1917; MIajsGen*O)0ar Bundy (assigned, Nov.8,- 1917-July 14,1918; Major Gert James G. Harbord, Jvly 14, .1918 - July 28, 118; Mc.j.,Gen, John A. Le Jeune (assigned-), July 29, 1918 - August 10, 1911; Col. Harry A, Eatol (temporary), IFeblt AuglO,10 1919 - February 1,1920; Alaj,,Gen. James G. harbord (assiayi.), .1920 to date* (Juno 4, 1921) «

The w3 -3w

COMBAT SERVICE, Toulon-^-Troyon sector, France: 9th Infantry, 17th Field Artillery 2d Engineers, 4th Machine Gun Battalion, * 1st Field Signal Battalion, (2) Troyon sector, France: 23d Infantry, 5th Machine Gun Battalion, 15th Field Artillery, (3) Toulon sector, France: 5th Regiment Marines, (1)

2D DIVISION*

15 Mart - 9 May, 1918, ;24 Mar* - 13 May, 1918* L5 Mar. - 13 May, 1918* 15 Maro - 13 May, 1918* 3 Mar* - 13 May, 1918* 15
]L5 Mart 3 Mar* 15 224 Mar o
low

13 May, 1918. 13 MIay, 1918i 13 May 1918*

6th

"

ti

6th Machine Gun Battalion, l12th- Fi, 1 l; ff ill1y (4) Aisne defensive, France) 9th Infantry 23d Infantry 5th Regiment Marines* " . 6th 4th Machine Gun Battalion# 5th l t , 6th It " 2d Engineers» 1st Field Signal Battalion (5) Aisne defensive, Francet 4 June * 5 June, 1918 12th Field Artillery, n " 15th " " 1 7th (6) Chateau-Thierry sector France 6 June i 9 July, 1918o Same as in (4 andl(5 (7) Aisne-Marne offensive. France, 8 1D July - 19 July, 1918* Same as in (4) (8) Aisne *Marne offensive, France 1 8 July - 25 July, 1918* Same as in (5)» (9) Marbach sector France, 9 Aug, - 16 Aug., 1918# Same as in (4). (10)Marbache sector, France, 9 Augh - 22, 1918. Sairz as in (5), (11)StMihiel offensive, France, 1;2 Sept. ^ 16 Sept,, 1918. Same as in (4) and (5) '(12)Meuse-Argonne offensive (Champagne) France; I Oct's 10 Octe 1918* Same as in (4), less 2d Engineers# (13)meuse*Argonne offensive (Champagne), France: 12th Field Artillery, 1 Octe - 28 Octt , 1918* H 15thit L Octs " 28 Octe, 1918. 17th to L Oct* VW 28 Octe, 1918* 2d Engineers, 3 Oct . - 26 Octe, 1918 * I (14)Meuse-Argonne offensive, France, 242 Oct. s 11 Nov^, 1918. Same as in (12) (15)Meuse-Argonne -offensive France o 9 2C Octo » 11 Nov., 1918. Same ,as in (13)

3.5 Maro ^ 13 May, 1918* 1.5 Mar * 13 May, 1918* 1.5 Mars 13 May, 1918* 2.4 Mar - 13 May, 1918# 331 May » 5 June, 1918*

Revised to RPLoegmmw

m4s^21

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'jxi , IaL Dl r-ah , War Plaas Dii s Asio n I- Cin u., -.l -;^ for statoDronts aro on files Conmonts are invite-i

THE THIRD DIVISTON, (Regular Army, Insignia: Three white stripes superimposed diagonally in blue square.)

The Third Division was organized in November, 1917, at Camp Greene, NG, from troops of the Regular hrmy, and by transfers from other units, The organization was as followts: 5th Infantry Brigade, 4th and 7th Infantry; 8th Machine Gun Battalion4 6th Infantry Brigade: 30th and 38th Infantry; 9th Machine Gun Battalion, 7th Machine Gun Battalion, 3d Field Artillery Brigade: 10th and 76th (light), and 18th (heavy) Field Artillery; 3d Trench Mortar Battery, 6th Engineers. A 5th Field Signal Battdlion. Trains. The first unit to go overseas was the 6th Engineers which was designated for early duty in France, I arrived December 20, 1917. a A detachment of the regiment serving with the British occupied active sectors and took part Divisj.on Headquarters arrived in the operation known as the Somme Defensive, in France on April 4th, and the last unit May 12, 1918, For training purposes the division (less artillery and engineers) was sent to the Chateauvillain area, the artillery going to Coetquidan for the same purposev The artillery rejoined the division July 6> 1913, and was present w-ith it in the Marne Defensive and the Aisne-l-Marne Offensive remaining with the division until Septemrber 7, 1918, when it was detached for participation in the St. Mihiel Offensive with the 4th Corps The artillery brigade rejoined the division September 15» l918, and from this time until the armistice served as division artillery either with the 3d or some other divisions On May 27th the Germans began their offensive between the Aisne and the Marne, and the 3d Division was placed at the disposal of the French, The first unit to enter the line was the 7th Machine Gun Battalion, which, stubborn on May 31st, and June lst, 1918, distinguished itself by its
defense against the crossing of the Marne at ChgteauwThierryr In June the entire division went into line in the Chateau-Thierry sector* Operating under the 38th Army Corps (French), it took an active part in the Aisne Defensive June lst to June 5th, On June 15th the 7th Infantry was detached and placed at the disposal of the 2d Division in Belleau- Woods where it relieved the 5th and 6th Marines (4th Brigade), It was withdrawn from the line on the night of June 23-24, and rejoined the division, In the Champagne*-Mlarne Defensive> July 15th to 18th, holding the south bank of the Miarne -iver for twelve'kilormieters east from ChateauThierry,. the division earned for itself the highest commendation for gallantry in an action which marked the turning point of the war* Its entire front was subjected to an intense artillery bombardment, Then came the

infantry attacki its greatest strength being between Fosooy and Moulins* The 6th Brigade (30th and 38th Inf;, defending the right flank} effectually frustrated the enemy's contemplated advance to the Suth through the valley of the Surmelin River, Holding the extreme right in the defensive line, the 38th Infantry bears the proud distinction of being the only regimental Organization particularly mentioned in General Pershing's report on the operations in the A,E.F. On July 18th'the Allies began the operation known as the Aisne--iarne Offensive, its immediate purpose' being the reduction of the ChateauThierry salients In this operation the division attacked across the Miarne east of Chateau-Thierry and advanced northeast to the Ourcq# Jaulgonne was entered on July 22d; le Charmel offered stubborn resistance, and was only captured on July 25th after four days' bitter fighting. The Ourcq was The division was reached on the 26th and Roncdgres was taken on the 28th, relieved on July 30th by the 32d Division, and assembled south of ChateauThierry* On August 2d the 6th Brigade was despatched to support of the 3d It was relieved from this duty 'rench Army Corps operating toward the Vesle. on August 10th and rejoined the division which had gone inte rest area near Gondrecourt..

totalled Y 6,n^a

On September 4, the division proceeded to the Vaucouleurs area preparatory to taking part in the St, Mihial Offensive,* In this operation it was in the reserve of the 4th Army CorpsA The ^MeusePA4rgonre Offensive started on September 26* The division pass d:'tro tlhe 5th Army Corps on Se-tenmber 29. and on September 30 ro* lieved *1o 79Q-h DiviSiown in front lineJ O OnOctober 12 it passed into the 3d Army. Corp)ss E For tiwen.lyr*sepenr days the division was continuously in fro;tf lirne c;ur.ing wlrq1-k-h period it advanced seven kilorroters agairnst orga:·i44od. ',otfi.,&@i er.covAt or ing particularly s;rong resistance in the takig oi o:f 3.r do Cunel, ancd Hill 299# The divLision was relieved on Octoijbor P7 by +,1ha 5t' Division, and proceeded to the Tannoi.s rest areaa Durinc olerations the division took 2»240 prisoners its eCasBuaties

Brig#Geno James Ai Irons (temporary),' Feb#27f 1918 to March 9y 1918, Col1
Alexander Ovecshine (temporary). Mar;9, 1918 to MarvlOt 19180 Brig.Genl

Af-er the armistice the division was assigned to the Army of Occupao tiong and begay :_ts march on November 17* It entered Germany via the RomiAh and ScGhemgen bridges, on December.1, On Dsoooembor 15 it otax^ed the mrch alo-g -the Rhine River roadl and established itsolf on December 17 in the Cobenzes bridgehead with headquaartefors at Andornachb Here it remaltod antk.A tho amovetoent home was begun., Division Headquarters eailed from Brest on August 14, and arrived at New York on August 23:, 1919* The division had seven commanding officers as follows= DMaj#Gen4 Joseph T, Dickmap (assigned) Nov#22, 1917 to Aug1l8, 19184

James A* Irons (temporary) Mar*lO0 19X8 to Mar18, 1918} Col# Alexander Ovenshine. Marl18, 1918 to April 12, 1918. Brig.Gen Fred IV Sladen temporar ) Aug#l8, 1918 to Augaf25 1918¢ Maj* Gen. Beaumont B4 Buck assign:ed) Aug*25?. 1918 to Octl7. 191.83 Brig* Genl Preston Brown (temv" porary), Oct,17, 1918 to Nov*l8 1918s Me.# Genb Robert La Hovno (assignod) Nov*18^ 1918, to Aug. 23^ 1919* COIeBAT SERVICE, #D DIVISION, (1) Perotne Sootor, Franceo 10 Feb# # 20 ljlarj,, 1918* 6th Engineers,, (2r Sornme Defensiveo' France 21 Marv s 6 Apr*< 1918*
Sth Engineers*

(3] Amiens Sector, -France, 6th Engineers (46 Aisne Defensivet France, 4th Inff, 7th Machine Gun Bnp 7th t 8th r °t 1 30th ' 9th t "» 38th 5th Field Signal Bu* (5) Chateaut"hierry Ssotor, France o Same as in (4}, (6] Chateax^Thieorry Sector, France, nlOth Fild Artillery 1Itb FioAd Artillery Totth F.Y:id Art-illery

7 Apr#

- 7 Junote

1918*

1 June v 5 Juno, 1918^

6 June

w

14 Julot

1918

otb ,:g.Zeet

s

11 June

9 July 14 July, .1918* 13 July w 14 July, 1918* 5 July 14 July,. 1918

(7} Chaxiag3S^oMni;;e Defensivet Franco, Sfae a. ,,1> (4} and (6) and w8t. Field Ar' il lery (8) Aisne^Iaz f.ionrsriVo, France Samo ao in (3) and (4)
(9) Aisnev-arne OfFensive France 10th Field Artillery <

14 Julyt 1918
18 Julyt 19180 ,

:

15 July

18 July 1 30th July, 19180<
3.8 July - I Aug* 1918#

175th 7fth

to y

.

.,~~~~~~~~~~~~

.-8- *a

(10)St.*Mihiel Offensive 4+th Irnfantry .7._h , 3Cth "

France
12

Sept
Sop^

- 16 Septu,
16 Sept* A 16 Septa ,
< r

1918.
1918, 1918, 19. 8, 35P 8*
' 9 1t8 *

12 Sspt» 12 St* 12
12
12

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, .:.16 Sepal

8t1h Machine Gun Battalion

5t' PFieLld Signal Battalion liCpid i .d Sit Eilery *76 h 75th t

1918 *
Sptc, 16 SepC,

A r" e

12 12

6-rh E.Er ineers

.12, &up.ts > .'4 Septum 1918. ;t,,. X1.t )LI-3 h 13 Sepate "5D oSept< 1931.8,

7th ihiiahin;.e Gun Battalion (1.)Ipuoe-Arg.nmi offensivet
Franic e i

12 Septt ^ 11 2epth, 1918,s
t

26 Septv (LO)

^ 11 Noev,

1918*

Sarie as in

Revised to June 4, RPL wegm^p-cw

1921*

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.e X

THE FOURTH DIVISION (Insignia: A green four-leaved ivy about a
WWWWM_ Q_ __ *_W .04w

The Fourth Division was or-anized in December, 1917, at Car;p Grene, t N.C., fromi units of the Rebular ArLy. The organization was fe follows: 7th Infantry Brigade: 39th and 47th Inianiry4 11lth Machine Gun Battalion, 8th Infantry Brigade: S8th and 59th Infantry; 12th Machine Gun Battalion, 4th Field Artillery Brigade: 13th (heavy) Field artillery; 16th and 77th (light), 4th Trench Mortar Battery* 10th Machine Gun Battalion, 4th Engineerst 8th Field Signal Battalion, Trains * unit to: go overseas arrived in France May 10, 1917; the last The first element arrived June 8, 1918» The transport '"Moldavia" carrying Companies of the 58th Infantry, was torpedoed and sunk on May 23d; 'A" and "B", S6 men of the two companies were lost, riny was assigned to the 2d Amdrican The division (less artillery) Samer (Pas de Corps, serving with the British, and was concentrated at briga-de went to Camp de Souge near The artillery CaElais) for training. the Bordeaux for the sanme purpose, anc did not rejoin the division until the division was placed at the crisEcrly in June week in Augusts first where training posal of the French and moved to Meaux (Seine et Marne was cintinued nearer the fronts, During the German offensive of July 15th it was in reserve divided between the 2d and 7th French Corps between casualties, battle first suffered its Here it Soissons and Chateau Thierry. The division participated in the Aisne--Mar}ne Offensive under the 2d, French Corps from July 18th to July 28th, when it became rth and llth the reserve of the 1st American Arrmy Corps then a part of the 6th French It was concentrated in the Bois du Chctelet, Cnd the Bois de Army. the 42d Division which was heavily engaged with the Beuvardelle supporting Some of mts units were engaged under enemy on the banks of the Ourn q1ifM rtwr the orders of that division and participated in the capture of Sergy on on the night of August The-division relipved the 421 Diriion July 29th* 2d-3d on a line through Lea Bons Ho.izmes Farm-Foret de Nesles--Bois de la and the division pressed the pursuit Porte d'Arcys The enemy was retiring;, On the as far as the Vesle River where it encountered serious resistance, and withit was relieved by the 77th Division, c night of August llth--12th brigade drew to the Bois de Dole, and the Forst de Nesles, the artillery August 17th* remaining in action until replacerment of losses, and training the division After a period of rest, relieved French troops in the Toulon Sector southeast of Verdun as part of In the St. Mihiel Offensive it was on the the 5th Corps, 1st American Army, flank of the troops engaged and was the pivot for the movement extreme left

against the west face of the saliento It was therefore called upon for only On September 20th the division was relieved from the line a slight advance. nd thence north to join in the and moved to Le;ies, west of the L1"euse, Meuse--Argonne Offensive which was to begin on September 26th. On the nig;ht of September 25-26 the division took over the line of the Ruisseau de For-es north of Esnes as the left unit of the 3d Corps. From usly in front line, Sep-bmber 26th until October l19th it wJas coitrl u
successively attacking and capturing stroncl-ti cor.t-tsted positions in the le Malaumont, the Bois de Bois de Brieulles, the Bois du Fays -the Bci and the Bois de Forb, Peut-de-Faux, was completed, the r by the 3d Di-is- on on Oc obnr ?.tl When relief Second Arrny, to 1i moved to Luceyv nortn r. Tor.1 *Ln ^e iS .* division Corps p)srt of the III i.\i!;y '^ tjhe *', t, re-assigne,3 On N?-vember 3d it was ; 1 Before the Ofensivet 0 8e!C ,'crjze --. re-ent--y int-o thle to its prepE.ratory and the division returned move involved was completud the order wa.3 r'-,ied ioe contemplated attack on Xin to partirlij9l; to thle control of the 2d Army on November 11th cur" ( o tne a-rmi, tice Then sgningn the Iorraine front. tailed further offensive operations, ana the diviision was concentrated 10 at Boucq, northwest of Toul

Wfhfiien th.e div'Sixio
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relieved in iine on October 19, the unitAs of the

d ;i-.c.ij wr br.-..cr^e

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rStliller P B^igac rem-<'nud- in actionr.-untinil the niglht of Cc0tcbo; ^hlr: ey wre V jthra/nr v to 4thTe Fot'4t de Hesse for a fi.e , ay re-tl l1ne 3r. support of the 3d Corps and par--Aclre' lulr-iied to t he -as
Cre

at attac k of No vmbie r 1st* The 16th F.Av was attaclh-d t o the 90'o`rn Dl.iSOn, whl iCh.C it Sl.-ppor'tbcl -inti, INovember 7, when the regimenfi i s cpe ationo txer-u>`na- ed,^Te 13th and 77th Regirmnts served with the .C.ci-^e dring ith;--next- ten days, attached to the bith t 1: y Brsgadu6 3d d Artil.Ir adssupporting its of the Mieuse and later D;v, i3Ji o nY cov;;ring ,t1 3 c osi.rg .i the 1

9r

van1JO i~n p. rt~it

east of tha Iv.l-set

;luring operations the division took 2756 prisoners# Its casualties totaled X52,SC4o ,;rt!' dtivi7sioon was now assigned to the Army of Occupation and began the march tow-ard Germany on November 20* Passing through Luxembourg it entered Germany on December 3 and completed the occupation of its area about Cochem on De-.,mber 17* From this area it'was subsequently moved to relieve the 42d Division along the banks of the Rhine wifth headquarters at Nieder-Breisigs The division returned to the United States in JulyA 1919; head, quarters sailed from Brest July 24 and arrived in New York July 31* The division had four commanding generals as follows: M4j#Gen*George H*Cameron(assigned)^Dec*3,1917 - Aug*16*1918; Brig# Gen*Benj*AtPoore (temporary)- Aug.16,1918 ^ Aug%27.,1918; Mlaj'Gen* John L* Hines (assigned), Aug,27,1918 ^ October 11, 1918; iaj*Gen*,George H.Cameron (assigned),Octl111918 WOctober 22, 1918; BrigGen.BenJ&A*Poore temporary) October 31» 1918; Majpeno Mark L* Hersey (assigned), October 31 Octa2201918 31918 % Augol, 1919* COMBAT SERVICE, (1) Aisne wMarne Offensive France 39th Infantry 47th r ' 58th M 59th 10th Machine Gun Battalion "V I 11th " " " 12th 4th Engineers 8th Field Signal Battalion Aisne-mIarne Offensive, France 13th Field Artillery t 16th " Vesle Sector* France Same as in (1) Vesle Sector, France* 13th Field Artillery i i 16th t it 77th Toulon Sector, France Same as in (1) St*Mihiel Offensive, France Same as in (1) St. Mihiel Offensivet France 13th FA,,* 16th 77th "
^
:
:fl

4TH DIVISION* 18 Jult v 6 Aug*,1918

(2)

4 Augu

3 Aug*r
7 Aug.

(3) (4)

w 5 Aug*01918 6 Aug 3 1 913 12 Aug^ 1918.,

7 Aug, 16 Augu, 7 Aug, -* 16 Aug#)

(5) (6) (7)

8 6

1918 1918 Aug. ^ 16 Aug.,1918 Sept. - 13 Sept,,1918

14 Sept*, 1918

Septh " 14 Septo,1918 12 - 14 Septt,,1918 12 Septo 12 Septo - 15 Sept.,1918

..

.
)4

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k

;* P

.'

(8) (9)

MeuseArgonne Of fensive France Same as in (1) Meuse-Argonne Offensive, France 13th Field Artillery " 16th 77th 1

26 Sept. 26 Sept,

- 22 Oct,,1918 - 11 Nov*,1918

Revised to 6417w21 RPL:egm: cw
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sTnEE F1FTIH DIVISoONi (Regular Army)

( Divisional insignia, a red dianond)

The Fifth Division was organized at Canzp Logan,

Texas, Dec.

1,

1917,

from

units of the regular army. These being at peace strength, the shortage was made up by assignlment of National Army men* The following organizations composed the division: 9th Infantry Brigade; 60th ard 61st Infantry; 14th Machine Gun Battalionb
10th Infantry B`rigade:

6-cth anid lIth Infantry; 15th Maachine Gun Battalion. 13th Machine G-un Ba.-tt:alionf i.'ley i Bigde: 5th Artil 19-tlh an 0th1 (light), 21st (heavy) Field Artillery;
5t 1 Trench Mortar battery*

7th Etlgineer . 9th Field Signal Battalion. Trainso The first unit of i;the divisicn arrived in F'rance, MJiarch 20, 1918, and the .'last June 19. Bar-sur-Aube waE selectsd a;.- the training area for the infantry, while the artillery was ^e.,at to Valdahon for a sirnlar purpose. ,ienooal 33d French of the On June 1st the dizis.on wag placed at 'he at 0c-or wras immediately ra'. .ng n the V sgeV To t his j Armry Corps, tnen cpe movod« Here the troops viere mingled wi-h -the French behinz. tl'hb lines for uir.)rher tra-iining Ju4ne14'hCl tIhe l.,vld.io ente-ed tn .l.ne wrih combsat units, first cashalf Frenc-. 1hle se'iitor was <Zu slt but th.e di vison :.uf `e.rod ualtics uttn 141h hTh COn J1;.n- 15th tIhe d.ivision was +ranserred to t'ne quiet St. Die sector and on Ju.1y .5t h the cor-lmand of she se-to,- pissod to 'bhe A.mJnricans. The after having conslsted its training on ArtiSllry jcined 1the9 dt.iis I28t;, Juy and Hill 17th the town of .riapelle Iiug, engagement o at Valdahon* In a local 451 wer-e taken and heli ar>uinot counter atta-i.cks. The dvis,3ionr was rl.j.eveJd I'y the .^rench August 26th and repaired.to From this poirt it moved to for re3t and traing. Arches, soutlh of Efona..: the vic.nit,.y of una v. e, Agust2; 2e.ith. The 31 * Iiihi<=l) cpneration war about -to begin, and on Sept 8thn the .divisisn took its plac^ on a .ine running frorn IRemenauviLle to Regnieville, on t9 southern face of the salient.. The divirsion rrrove0 to the attack at ivre o clock on the morning of Sept* 1 2th, and meeting litt:l.e resistaxnc, ranidly advanced its lina to the north, 1hen relieved on the night of Sept* 16--17, it occupiAed a 'ine running from Rembercourt to La Souleuvre Farm. The enemy's counter attacks were repulsed with 'li-t-tle difficulty* From September 17th; to 27th the divisiorn, gzinus the artillery, was stationed at Domevre-en-Iaye, near Toul, for rest and training* The artillery remained in the St» Wihiel sector until after the signing of the armistice, and formed a part pf the 2d Axrmy On Sept'. 2Jry,-23, the division moved to pagny sur-Meuse, west of Toul, and thlere resumed trainings At this time the voieuse-Argonne offensive was in full swing to the
-is

north and. on October 3d, the 5th mnoved to the Souilly area preparatory to entering the battles On the night of the 5th another move was made, this time io the Forat de Hesse, where it became a reserve txnjt of the 5th Army Corps. On the 10th., orders wJere received to relieve the 80th, and a part of division head" the. 4th Division on a line just east .of 'Cunel On the llth quarters were established in the Bois de Tuilerie, The relief began on the itorning of the 12th on the line of the Cunel^bjrieulles roa.d. Immediately $atrols were sent out, and these 3ucceeled in entering Cunel and 'Bois de la pu'ltiere. On the same afternoon, before the relief ars completed, a witYdrawal was ordered that the division might reform for an attack. During thle relief and the withdrawal the'divisiorn was under continuoub fire from both sides of the Meuse, and as a result suffered severely* The line was re-entered on tho 13th at the saw, point from which the division had withdrawn. Fr'om this position an attack was launched on the norning of the 14th and Cunel capturedo Then followed seven days of the.
bitterest fighting the division had tver experienced. The Bois des Rappea,

directly in the line of attack, offered resistance that was not overcome until the 21st, and then only after terrific fighting in which the 5th suffered heavy losseso Throughout, the harassing fire from the east bank of the river continued unabated The tired division was relieved by the 90th on October 22, and retired to the rest area around Montfautcone On October 27 the division again entered the line, this time relieving the 3d on a line running from the northeast corner of the Bois des Raope^' along the edge of the Bois de Foret; thence south parallel to ih i-;o Bo:.s 'd- Brioulles. The towns of Aincreville and and on Noveriber 1st CleryoleGrand Brieulles mvere ii-ire-diately occupied; was ;a c. irn order i o secure an advantageous place in which to cross the M.,ousX Th'en followed a series of attacks which brought the entire line parallel to the Meuse and facing east. On November 2 after overcoming numerous difficulties* the river was crossed at Brieulles, and two days later a second bridge was constructed at Dunsur-Mouso, The entire division then crossed and pursued the rapidly fleeing enemy northeast as far as the Foret de Woevreo On November 11 its line ran from Jametzs through Louppy to the far edge of the Foret de Woevreo The division took 2,356 prisoners* Its casualties totalled 9,883* On November 22^-23, the division was moved to the Longuyon-Longwy areas Here it attached to the 3d Army, which had been designated as the Army of Occupation* One regiment, the 6th Infantry, was assigned as the garrison of Treveso in Rhenish Prussia, when the advanced section of American General Headquarters was established* the rest of the division occupied southern Luxembourg, with headquarters at Esch-surmAlzette# Here the divisional artillery rejoined, after a long sojourn inn the St* Hihiel sector. The division was relieved May 10 for return to this country, but its departure was delayed until July. Headquarters sailed from Brest July 1-3 and arrived at New York July 21. The division had only two commanding generals, as follows: Major General. John E, McMiahon, April 9 Oct*17t 19180 Major General Hanson E. Ely, Oct#18 to cdate July 23 19199
COVBAT SERVICE, --

5TH DIVISION 14 June 16 July, 1918

(1)

Agould Sector, Vosges, France 60th Infantry 61st t 6th llth 13th Machine Gun Battalion

h 14th
15th 7th Engineers 9th Field Signal Battalion St*Die Sector, Vosges, France Same as (1) and l9th Field Artillery " 20th 21st StkMihiel Offensive 'France Sam ag in (2$ Limey & Puvenelle Sectors, France l9th Field Artillery 20th

(2)

17 July

23 Aug,,

1918#

(3) (4)

12 Sept, 17 5ept» v

_ Septic 16 11 Nov,,

1918 1918

21st
(5)

"

'
5 Oct* - 11 Nov*, 1918

Meuse-Argonno Offensive, France Same as in (1)

Revised to 6w17l1 PL:rLit:cw

%*l3 *

*,

rc'n lD-)p in th

H-is-;orical Betnch,

Var Plan O*Divisi n, Genr-al C'taffU m-otsareimied

wTncr< auLthorit-ies for stat-or.Lort.

are on fiU.

Comncts are invited,

1HE SIX'TH DIVtISION (ie:.ular Army)
(Divisional insignia, a six-pointed red star-- 1 ." . ,

t

A!

.

*?

)

in November) Camp IMcClel'lan, Ala., c.t The Sixtl; Division waws or-.^.nized These being atg peace strength, the 1917, fro- units of the regular arrly,. Especially was this shortages were ..ade up by assi nrmcnt of National Army mien, clmost exclusively of the latter true of tihe 318th 'Enjineers which was composed The following org.nizations composed the division: class. lltth Inf F.nt&ry Brigade
fist a.nd 52a inf-ntry; 17th Machine Gun ]3attalion,

12th Infatn.ry

Br

}ade

5nd arnd 54-1h Iane-ntry; 18th Machine Gun Battalions 16th Mdachine Gun Baetdtalion 6th- Field Artillery Brigadsi iortar Battery, 11th (heavy) FLAX; 6th Trench 3d A;nd 78th (light); 318th Engineers. 6th Field Signal Battalion, Trains, July unit of the division arrived in France July lOth; the last The first England and Scotland before crossing in Many units landed first 26th, 1918. from an enemy came under fire 1f avre the artillery lvhile at Le the Channel. upon the division. casualties inflicted arroplane and suffered the first in the vicinity of Chateauvillain, the division, minus After the trainirg departed Atug, 27th for Gerardmer, in the Vosges, which sector it the artillery, period During this relieved October llth. occupied, under French corm.and, until with frequent raids and patrol cmbats, the sector was quiet althoough enlivened time was in training at Valdahon. at this The division artillery 27th, The M.ause-Argonne OGfensive being under way, the division, on October Detraining near St. Menehould, in the line, place was sent north to talke its Lack of south of the Argonne, the long and trying march'due north was begun. machine guns and other drag their fo ced the troops to transportation facilities enemy equipment by hand through the forest and over roads which a retreating After a march of ape impassableo had used every means at his- command to make kilonmeters, divisional heedquarters was esteablished, Nov, 6th, proximately fifty tine the division was a unit of the 1st Corps and in reserve. At this at Stonne, of thle 1st Corps rested in the vicinity of Stonne. On Nov. 6th the left flank of the, As the left Then began the turning movement eastward to the Miyeuse, was temporarFrench on the left with the Corps swung to the northeast,.liaison 6th were hurried, and what promised to be gap units of tie Into this ily lost. a dangerous situation was thus saved, servand the necessity for its retreat time was in full The enemy at this moved to the area northeast of Verdun. ices no longer existing, the 6th was t e r a r ms misti c e sector the signing of the Before it could enter the line in this Artillery wrent into action with the 89th The 11th Field ended the fighting. Division during the Yeuse-Argohne Offensive, active Forty days were spent by the division in quiet sectors and none in 576 suffered, were Captured and casualties totalling Twelve prisoners ones. On Division Headquarters were estaeblished at Moinay le Duc Nov. 30 1918. HeedDivision April 12, 1919, movement of the division to Gexrma-y plaas begun. On May 6th the moves auarters were established at Bad Bertrich on A.pril 30th,

ment of the division was, stopped about 60 per cenC of the personnel havring aro rived in CGerimany' ,On Mlay 20th, movement of troops-ta Bres! .wao begun,. Division Headquarters erbarked June 3, 1919, and arrived at Nwv York June loth. The Division had two different commanding generals as follows: Brig. Gen#
James B. Erwin, Nov. 1, .1917 - Aug. 27, 1918;
tIaj.

Gen , Walter H.

Gordon,

Aug,

28,

192JR - June 10,

1919,
SiXTiH D1IVI SION

BATTLE PARTTICIPATION,

(1) Gerardimer sector, Vosges, 51 st Inf* " 52d 54fth f 16th Manchine Gun Battalion, ' ti . " l v F~h tt ( ') ~ , . b1 ~ li n 1 1 31Etr Engineers
(2) 53d it

France,

;3

Sept.

* 12 Oct.

1918,

6ti Field Signal Battalion. iMc-usr-^.rgonne Offensive, France,
t

28 Cst ,

- 11 Nov., 1918.

13 Sani-?e ar . n ( (3) bMe!uso-J1^Argonne Offensiva, Franzco llth Fiel .Artillrery, Revised Feb. 1, 1921, 1 Prepared Oct, 10, 1919 RPL -e, grl ReviSed -o
R 1 l' e i"c

26 Oct.

11 Nov > 1918. -

6 -121
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,-

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sh

Intai: THE

aro on flilo, DIVISION

mDA q

iivite;,

SEVESTUH

(Regular Army,

Insignia;
touching t.n

Two blach - bGxia;r,9:c vrit. ,rc+r of ct r;d c;r..e ,r

their

apexes

tfwttY-Q llamaC; ;(»

The Sevonth Division was organized January !., 19'18, Ir.)m Jroorse of the Regular Army, and by transfers.from other t units% For the pu-po ae of raining organizations concentrated at Camp McAi-thui Texas, in Juno. i01', 'b-t +the division was not completely assembled as a unit until arrival in Frarncr i The organizatioh was as followsv 13th Infantry Brigade; ' 55th and 56th Infantry; 20th M\achiine roln P,Be:'talionL 14th Infantry Brigade: 34th and 64th Infantry, 21st Mlach-inoe-Gun Batali on, 7th Field Artillery Brigades 79th and 80th (light), and 8th (heavy) Field artillcry; 7th Trench Mortar Battery. 19th Machine Gun Battalion*

5th Engineers* 10th Field Signal Battalions Trains# Th e f i r s t u n i t o f t e h division go gto overseas arrived in France August 6, 1918; the last arrived September 3, 1918» For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the 15th Training Area, with Headquarters at Ancy-looFranc(Yonne For a similar purpose the artillery brigade was sent to Camp Moucon (XMprbihan). I-> never joined the division during 4terations. The divisian, less artillery, departed on September 27 for the front detraining in the vicinity of Toul, It became reserve of the IV Corps, lst Army,. Headquarters was established successively at Gondreville, VillerswenwHaye and Euveain. On October 10 it relieved the 90th Division in front line in the Puvenelle sector from the Moselle River west to Jaulny, inclusive, The division passed to the command, of the 2d Armt upon its formation on Octobey 13, From' November 9 to Noveaboer 11 it participated.in the-'general attack made by the 2d Army in the Meuse*Argonne Offensive, The division remained in the'Puvonelle Sector until January .10, 1919, when it moved to the region north of Tout. with headquarters at Saizerais (Meurthe et Moselle), one regiment (34th Infantry) remaining in the devastated area for guard-'and police dutys During operations the division spent two days in-active sectors and thirty-one days in quiet sectors. It took sixty-nine prisoners and its casualties w6re 1,693* I n Ap ri l t h e d i v i s i o n moved to the Colombey«}les-Bellos aria, and then to the Le Mans Embarkation Center preparatory to returning to the United States. Headquarters embarked June 12, 1919, and arrived in Now York June 20, The division had five different.conrlaanding gonerals, -as follwaS General G,i. Barth* Janl, 1918 to Oct 24, 1918; Brig.Gen* Wahl, Qct*25, 1918 to Oct,27, 1918; Maj. Genlidmund Wittenneyer, OctW28,
Br i g a d i e r

Lut

S 9 BrigsGensLatz W . July 4, 1919 to Sept.30, 1919; MajGen Jr, Octl,' 1919 to datse (Juno 10,1921) BATTLE PARTICIPATION, 7TH DIVISIQN 1» Puvrnello Sector France 55th Infantry 56th 34th n 64th » 19th Maachine Gun Battalion 20th iJ * l < ." 21st 5th Engineers 10th Field Signal Battalion . . Io Oct.

1918 to Jantl8, 1919, Brig.Gen» G.H.Preston, Jan,19, 1919 to Jan.2, 1919* aJuen. Famuand Wittenmeyer, Jan,23, 1919 t< llay 16, 1919; BrigGen Lutz WahlI May 17i191 t o My 22, 1919 fMiajwGent Edlmund Wlittonmeyer, tay 23, 1919 to July 3'. 1 91 ahl
ZE.FMcGlachlin

11 Nov.,

1918

» .

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,

.

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1 l n h jX iv c . S s 9ij vision,. . auu-ch.4 il-3oslr for statormnts- aro '- un filo*, ;,Cowaonts GoncTral Staff, aro invitod* .
.-. . ; . . . .

THE EIGHTH DIVISION
(Regular Army* Insignia: An upward pointing gold arrow

piercing a silver figure 8 on a blue shield)

The Eighth Division was organited in December 1917 at Camp Fremont, California, where the most of the units were stationed and trainedo Other camps were utilized by someP of the unit~of the division owing to;the small space'available at- Campi Fremont'and the desire on the part of the War Department to avoid as many r'ailroad moves as possible, The organisation was as follows: The 15th Infantry Brigade 12th and 62nd Infantry; 23rd Machine Gun Battalion The 16th Infantry Brigade# 8th and 13th Infantry; 24th Machine Gun Battalion The 22nd Machine Gun Battalion The 8th Field Artillery Brigade, .81st and 83rd (light) aMd the 2nd (heavy) Field Artillery, 8th Trench Mortar Batteryo : The 319th Engineers : The 320th Field SignalBattalon: Trains# Th6 embarkation of the division began about October 30#1918# at Hoboken New Jersey- the first Unit (319th Engineers and Train) arriving in France October 12# 1918, and the last (8th Field Artillery Brigade) November 9, 1918: The following were the otly *h uitsa;: o f theidivi 5ion t o go overs eaS: DiWvision Headquarters Headquarters Troop; 16th Infantry Brigade- Headquarters, 8th Infantry; 8th Field Artillery Brigade Headquarters,*the 2nd, 81st and 83rd Artillery, the 8th Trench Mortar Battery; 319th Engineer and Train The 15th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, and 320th Field Signal. Battalion ebarked at Hoboken and after- Waitint on board for seqVtrgl days did not sgi but debarked owing to the signing : -,o f the armi stiee ' :; . ' ; ThePons,,area (Chareiite In r'rieurhad been designated as a) the training a, tfor h di idsion S&P after arriral in France the foilowing units went to the Pons area: Division Headquartsr. and: Headquarters Troop (both returning later to -Pontanen,, Barrack.6Brestk for duty) l6th Infantry Brigade' the United States) 8th Infantry (returnin to Pontanezen Bat-acks Brest tdr duty+) The regiment left Brest July 11$ 1919 for CoblenK, Germalny^; arr:xying' there July since which time it a4th. has been duty witti the American Force in Germany* The 319t-th Engineers and Train arrived at Le Htvre,I October 12J 1913, LaviCSy theme- for Pontanean Barracks, Brest"October 1, 1918, where ;l remained on duty until August15 ,, 1919 when the entire r'gire 9 and. train sailed. for.ti',-a. ited! St'at ' The 8th Field A-t : v.-e.:t .Brigades .Heq .uatters, t"nd, 8;lst and. 83rd Field Artillery b}o^;; after arrival: at Brest proceeded to Plrael (Morbihan) Arhe^ they remained: untUil December 9th, on which date they proee^i. i to Brest -fro which port they: sailed for the niaed Stato. 0 JanuarS;y 4, 19i1 The: 8Th Trench aorta Battery a fWe da^

Headquarters areturning to Brest in Februaryt 1919, for return to

afi r' arrival at Brst entrbfied for'the Trench Art ill cr v' .- :i Center near Vitre)y (Hauto -Sao$b) wherer it arri3ved Novcmb- r.}7J;

t9X8./ sbobn aft'©r ret; . ! L6 r b n

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from

'

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'

for the United States December which place it, ailed -25, 1918 The Advance School Detachment upon arrival in Brest was absorbed for duty there by Headquarters i Base Section No 5 as wias also the Billeting Detachmentt None of the units of this division were in action The folloving were in command of the division: Colt Elmer F, Taggart (temporary) January 5,1918 *'*' to February 15,1918 Col. George W. Van Dusen (temporary) February 15, :* ~~~~~ 1918 to February 25, 1916: Brig* Gen* Joseph DLeitch(temporary) February 25, 1918 to Mviarch 9, 1918i Maj*Geno John Fo Morrison (assigned) March 9,1918 to June 17, 19184 Brigs Gen. Joseph D.Leitch(temporary) June 18, 1918 to 4 July 17, 1918 Maji Geno Wm So Graves (assigned) July 18, 1918 to August 14, 1918t Maj, Gen# Eli A Holmick (assigned) September 1, 1918, to November 11, 1918

B^IL§

.* ®"4-71-

17T

frepared in the Historical Branchv War Plans Division, General Staff, Cormunents are invitedo whore authorities for statements are on file THE NINTH DIVISION Insignia: (Unoffidial) consists of a red shield charged with a yellow numeral "9" on a blue disco

The Ninth Division (less artillery) *as organized in July, 1918# at The 9th Field Artillery Brigade was organized Camp Shoridan, Alabama, The 45th and 46th Infantry were McClellan, Alabamar and trained at Camp all others were provisional organizac organizeations of the Regular Army tions* A nucleus of men came from the regular units, but all organizations were largely made up from drafted men* The organization was as follows: 17th Infantry Brigade s 45th and 67th Infantry; 26th Machine-gun Battalion* 18th Infantry Brigade* 27th Machinegun Battalions 46th andf 68th Infantryt 9th Field Artillery Brigade; 25th and 26th (light); 27th (heavy) Field Artillery;; 9th Trench Mortar Batteryo 25th Machinewgun Battalion= 209th Engineers 209th Field Signal Battalilbn* Trains The division was in training until November, 1918o when it prepared The signing of the armistice November 11 stopped for. departure overseasi further troop movementt and the division began domobilizationt which all Wvas completed in February, except for such units as belonged to the Regular The division had one commanding general: Major.Gen* Willard As Holbrook (assigned) Sept, 27 1918 -Feb, 15# 1919* Army,

Reavised to: 6^15*21 RPLcw ^18"

4n :''·:·* i-YUtb i rtOriC.;L Lna;Ch, wiler3 aul-ohDor'itin ic for satoarln'Ass

jThWar Plans Divisi on,, G0O0r-2Tl -xcf , , ro on fioJ Conwonts aro invitod.

THE rP,'.NT'H DIVISIONL.
(Insignia: Roman numeral X in goll in circle superimposed ^n marine blue square,)
of

same color

from the regular drafted men,

The Tenth Division was organized in August, 1918, at Camp Funetonf Kansas The 20th and 41st Infantry were organizations of the Regular Army* all other-s wera provisional o ,;ani-ations A necleus of en came
units, but all org,.izations were larsely .made up from

The organization was as follows0 19th Infantry Brigade41st and 69th Infantry, 29th Machinergun Battalion, 20th Infanwy Brigadeo 2Oth and 704h Inf -mtry; 30th ilMachine-gun Battalion, 10th Field Artillo y Briad 1 1s e 20th and 2th l li-ht), 30th (heavy) Fisld Art;illery Trencln Mortar Battery,
23th Mafthir.e^gun Battalion,

10th

210th . Ernginee rs
10th Field Signal Battalion, Trains, The division was in training until November, 191, wihen it prepared for aepar-ture oreroass The sining of the armistice Novemnber 11 stopped all fu;r-ther troop MoVement, and the division rema.ined at Ca:ip 1ii-c'tbn until demobiliza-t.on whi ch was comple-;ed February 18, 1919' The divrision had one commnatacding geheral: Major General Leonard Wood (assigned). Aug, 10, 1910 to tebruary, 18, 1919,

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The Eleventh Division (less arkillery) was organized in August, 1918^ at Camp Meade, Maryland, The 24th Field Artillery Brigade was.organized and trained at West Point Kentucky. The 17th and 63d Inf antry vwere organizations of the Regular Army; all others were provisional organizationst A necleus of men came from the regular units, but all organizations were largely made up from drafted men, The organization was as followst 21st Infantry Brigadef 1,7th and 71st Infantry; 32d Machineogun Battalion, 22d Infantry Brigadet 63d and 72d Infantry; 33d Machineigun Battalion* 24th Field Artillery Brigade:, 70th and 71st (light), 72d (heavy) Field Artillery; 24th Trench Mortar Battery,

31st Machine-gun Battalion»

211th Engineer s 211th Field Signal Battalion . Trains 8 The division was in training until November, 191°, when it prepared for departure overseas, The signing of the armistice November 11 stopped all further troop movement 'and the division began demobilization which was oompletia in Februrwy 1919, exept for such units as belonged to the Regular Arminy, The division had one commandinr generalt Major General Jesse McaI Carter (assigned) Aug, 15, 191C to Feb, 51 19199

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THE INWLFTH DIVIOION* Insignia; Blue diamond upon nhioh is suer 12 pierced by a, bayonet.

osed

the

igure

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organized in July, 1918, Division v Th1B L.TelfthTlie ~eirn (less ar'iliery) was yii~xo^i r+.-ler'Brigade was organized ry J T ntry werrgned Bride wa at Camp Devens, Maass* The .2th Fiell !r +116 antry awere ZrL 42e The 3fivh .nd and trained at proisional organiza organizations of 'h Regul.ar Ar^ „ ae.' o,^es .er organiza A neolews oI men cafe from the r-gular units, but all tions, tions were l.rgoly moa1e ilp frorn drufted men. The organiiation wa'.as follows: 23d Infartrvr ,rignde and '73dr In-antry; 35th Machine-gun Battalion* 35.t': + d. e f 24th In'antry r 36th Ilaohine-gtun Battalion* Iaile.rntry; 4.2d a:.nd ^t4.h 12th Field Art llld.ev 3rigade': Artillery, i 14-oh xrd 25-h ( bhi)- 3 6th (heaVS Field Tr ";tth Cac' Mortar attery« 34th Mat; i:ie"-gln 9a-AtasLio n. 212th En ine ere, 212th .Field Signal Batt]aion, ~C Trainso re d when it pr e p a The' * ^diricion 't^s in trainizn,- until November,19131 The si6'ing of the armistie Nverter 11 ove.rseas, for departur mbilizion ben the divsio troop rlove-ler.n stopped all further unts as belned which -ewas oonrlJt ed January 31, 1919, except for sloh to 'the Regular AUiy. division had one Ie McCa;in (assigned) Aug- 20, lajor General H1 ommanding general 191o to January 31, 191|. PI

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Proparod in tho Historical Braneh, War Plans Ditvisiaon, GTraA8 Staff whr.,; .. i- it 2;hrif f.. y 51l.!s011lts u r o ila ilo0 Commonte aro t-nitod;l THE (Insignia: THIRTEENTH DIVISIONt

Red horseshoe,

black cat and figure 13 superimposed on blue circle.)
<W«1W

The Thirteen Division was organized in July, 1918, at Camp Lewis, Th e American Lake, Washirgtonn 1 s t a n d 4 4 t h I n f a n t r y w e r e organizations of the Regular Army all others were provisional orsanizationso A nucleus of men came from the regular units, but all organizations were largely made up from drafted

menul

The organization was as follows: 25th Infantry Brigade! l.st and 75th Infantry; 38th Machine Gun Battalion« 26th Infantry Brigadet 44th Ea;- 76th Jnfantry; 39th Machine Gun Battaiop7 13th Field Artillery Brigade: '37th and 38th (light); 39th (heavy) Field Artillery; 13th Trench Mortar Battery* 37th Macir.e Gun Battalion» 213th Eng.naers, 213th Field Signal Battalion* Trains. The d i v i s i o n wa s i n training until November, 1918, at which time it 10 Th e s i n i n g o f t h e as ready fot r overseas service g armistice November 11 stopped all further troop movement, and t h e d i v i s i o n b e g a n demobilization, which was completed in March, }119, except for such units as belonged to the Regular Army. The division had three commanding generals: , G e ne Cornelius Vanderbilt (temporary), Aug. 20, 1918 to Sept*ll+ 1918; Brig* Gene Frank B. Watson (temp o r ary), Sept. 11 1918 to October 7, 1918; Majo Gen, Joseph D, Leitch (assigned) October 7, 1918 to Apl, 30, 1919
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1xB FOUR{i8.i\TEENH

DIVIISION

(Insigniat Tio narx, iV! I-viori .oe, and a yellow'disk wi-th-X ilhovr-, ,o IQ wolov ri, t in its conter, all supcr,

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shioid*'

of thc Regular ot e o vtri pr os1^r JS zai ori ai) z`7iS. A- na; lls of men ' oar-,c cfro the r-cula.r units, but all org.ni4;atlons wore largely made up from mL a "to ... min.
?iicns

To Fourtcntha Division was organized in Michigan, T' 5)e Ot;hl ard 4a30;tnIr::faTrJrn .rr.'l w.re
Army; iall
I

July, 1918,

at Camp Custer,

The org;.rization was as follows:
2 7t/n

Infantry Brigd:c l.?+r- atic 'i 7-7i Infantry;
i
C,,,

41st Mcachine Gun Battalion,
42d Machine Gun Battalion, .1

20th In

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'4r2d (hcavy) Field Artillery;

(40th hi .e ^l4 itu talioa I Ivir 214r, th r^tnccr$
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Battalion

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The divisaon vras in tra'S.ng qnJtil January, 1919, when demobilization comoecod* Tnl.Js vias cnpl.lp.-tod ih February, except for such'units as bow longed tc, the F.ccul'u A., w/y ' ThQ division had two comamandling gencrals' as f BrigtGcrn, H., L. Lautach. (temrporary), Sept'.,) Major Gon. G'rote Hutohoson (trcmporary) Nov, 19, llvtows 1918 to Nov, 19t 1918t 1918 to demobilization4

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A PR^'r HIS^OilY OF TE

FIFTERENdFTH DIV IS ION.

In

compliance with a letter from The Adjutant General of the.
1918, the 15th Division was organized at Camp

Army dated July 31,

Losan, Texas,

on August 28,

1918*

The 43d and 57Jth Regular Army Infantry Regiments which were stationed at Camrp Ioan furnished the nucleus for the other infantry units of the Division.f The Divisional Artillery was organized at Cnamp Stanley, Texas, fror National .&rmy Cavalry and remained at that Camp for instrqction# The Encineer Reg;iment and Train vasa organized at Camp Hum phries, Va., ancd jocined the Division at Camlp Logan in the early part of rovrer;br, by the lst of Novenber the orranization of the Divisioin w-s a.bout completed and all units were undergoing intensive tralling,On December 4th the brea..inc up of the Division was begunr when one Battrcalion of the 4u3d Infantry was sent. to Canmp Bowies Texas, ar.d no batta.i-on to CrmFp IcICArthur> TexIs. 'On Docemnber 18th .the 57th Lnantry entrained for Carup Pike > Arkansas, By the middle o f February, 193A, all oreaniz.tions of the 15th Division not belonging to the Reegular Army had been demobilized
\ .

Tho Comananders of this Division were as follows: Colonel DJ4Baker, &ugC 28 1918, to Sept. 11, 1918» Brl;*Gen, Guy V»Henry, Sept, 11, 1918, until domobiliza*tion, T1he Division was comrposed of the followin* organizations: 15th Headquarters Troop* 43d Machincl Gun Battaliont 29th Inf ntr;y Britade:. 43d Ir fantry.

79ih In fantry

-

441ih I\lMacine Gun Battalion ' 30th In"`.ntry Brigade: 57tih tni .n -try. 80h Tnfantry, **5th t1ac!;ino Gun B3attaliont 15th. Ar ti'llerv Brigade; 43dJ 4i k, !E thl Field Artillery, 15th Trench M1ortar Battery. 15th -impnunition Train*

215th Field Signal Battalion* 215th Engineer Regiment and Train i 15th Train Headquarters and Military Polices 15th Supply Train' 15th Sapitary Train (consisting of Field. Hospitals and -Ambulance Companies Nos. 257, 258, 259 and 260)*

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THIE SIXTEEJNTH (Insigia

plans Divisicn, Goaean', DM.>

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DIVISION None) .

The.Sixteenth Division (less Engineers) was organized in August, 1918, at Camp Kearnypl Califf-ni* The 216th Engineers. as oranized at Camp Humphreys, Va,, and joined the division in October,, The'2 st and 32d Infantry were organiz-ations of the Regular Army; all others were pro^ visional organizationsi, A nucleus of men came from the regular units, but all organizations were largely mads up from drafted men# The organization: was .as follows

31st Infantry Brigade* 21st and'81st Infantry; 47tr Machine Gun Battalion. 32d Infantry Brigade4. 32d and 82d Infantry; 48th f^achine Gun Battalion, 16th -Field Artillery Brigade* 46th and 47th (light) j 48th (heavy). Field Artil ry; ;lth Trench Mortar attery . . . 46th Machine Gun Battaliono / 216th Engineers. " 216th Field Signal Battaliont Train's The division was in training until February- when demobilizaticrn comnencedr This was completed in March, except for such units as belonged to the Reguar .ArmyThe division had:.three commanding generals as follows; Major Geni David C, Shanks (asssigned) Sept4 20. 1918 to November 30# Brig, Geni Peter W* Davieon (temporary) Nov., 30' 1918 to January 30, Maj4 Gen, Guy Carleton (assigned) Jan, 30, 1919 to: March 6, L919*

1918; 1919;

,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~·. . .

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- 2~51

F'rrPparod in the Historioal Branch 'War Plan o~rifio^ Gjnjwal stef,, wfeoro, ebhBoitiOs for statomcmts aro on filoo Carioonts ara tnvitod#
TZE SEVENIT., EDITH DIVISION

(insignia:

none)

The Seventeenth Division (less artillery and engineers) was organized in Aug», 1918 at Gamp Beauregardp La# The 17th Field Artillery Brigade was organized at Camp Bowie, Texas, 'it proceeded to Camp Doniphano Fort Sill Okla,& Nov 1sty where j.t remained'until demobilizeds The 217th Engineers was oran 2 ized at Canp Huinphreys. Vat and joined the division in Novernbert The 5th and Eist Infantry were organizations of the Regular Armyt all others were provisional organizationst A nucleus of men came from the regular units, but all organizations were largely made up from drafted men* The organization was as follow$r 33d Infantry Brigade# 5th 'nd 83d Infantry; 10th Machine Gun
Battalion*

34th Infantry Brigade 29th and 84th Infantryt 51st Machine Gun Battalions 17th Field Artillery Brigade* 49th and 50th (light); 51st (heavy) Field Artillery; 17th Trench Mortar Battery' 49th Machine Gun Battalion# 217th Engineers 217th Field Signal BattalionTrains, The division was in training until January when demobilization commenceds This was completed in-February- except for such units as belonged to the Regular Army* The division had two commanding generals as follows! 1919} Maj Brig# Gent iobert We Mearns (temporary).t Novo i 19S18 to Jan*8, Gent Henry C* Hodges (assigned) JSn, 8, 1919 to February 10, 1919*

.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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Revised to Jax*14

1921

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ThE (Insignia: EI GHTE!EN\TH DIVI 5 ON

.o

Figure 18 superimposed on a green cactus plant under "Noli me tangersa1" which is writ-ten;
WSW

The Eighteenth Division (leds artillery and engineers) was organized in August, 1918, at. Camp Travis, Texast The -18th Field Artillery Brigade was organized at Camp Starley, Texas, and joined the'division the end of Augusto The 2i8th Engineers was organized at Carlp HuTiphreyq, Va., in October, and joined the'division in Novemernte, 198*, Ths 19tnh annl 35tth Intanry were-organizations of the Regular Army; all others were provisnona]. organizatioins# A nucleus of men came from the regular units r but all organizations were largely made up from drafted men, -The "·organization was as follows: 35th Infantry Brigade: 19th and 85th Infantry; 36th Infantry Brigade* 35th and 86th InfaLtry; 53d Machine Gun Battalions 54th Machine Gun Battalions

18th Field Artillery ,rigadel 52d and 53d (ligh,-)o 54t (heavy) .h 18th Trench Mortar Battery
<

Field 'Artillery;

*

5S2d Machine Gun Battalion 218th Engineers
x

.*

*

/

218th Field Signal Battalion Trains The division was in training until January, 1919, when demobilization begant This was completed the middle of February, except for such units as belonged to the Regular Army, The division hadl one corunanding general: Septi 1918 to Febo 14# 1919. Brig. Gen, George H, Estes

(temporary)

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;'lhorc aubhoritios f or stat-oemnts a
THE

Divnslcn, Genon--l S+aff,
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invited

NINETEENTHl

DIVI SION

(Insignia:
_

none)
* '¢ e

The Nineteenth Division (less artillery and engineers) was organized in September, 1918# at Camp Dodge$ Iowan The 19th Field Artillery Brigade was organized at Camp Bowie, Texas, and proceeded to Camp Doniphan, Fort Still, Oklahoma, in October, where it remained until demobilized* The 219th Engineers was organized at Camp Humphreys, Virginia, in, September and joined the division in Novembert 1918a The 2d and 14th Infantry were organizations of the Regular Army; all others were provisieca organizationsa A nucleus of men cam from the regular units, but all organizations were largely made up from drafted men, The organization was' as follows .

37th Infantry Brigade: 14,th and 87th Infantry; 56th Machine Gun Battalion, 38th Infantry Brigade 2d and 88th Infantry; 57th Mathine Gun -: Battalion, 19th Field Artillery Brigades 55th (heavy) 56th and 57th (light), Field Artillery; 19th Trench Mortar Battery$ 55th Machine Gun Battalion, 219th Engineers 219th Field Signal Battaaion Trainso The division was in training until Januaryl 1919, when demobilization began, This was completed by January 29th, except for such units as belonged to the Regular Army< The division had one commanding generall. Brig* Gen* Benjamin TZ Simmons (temporary), Octs 25, 1918 to January 28, 1919,
.~~~~ \

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T"jqETIETH DIVI SION none)

iaf (irsigni

The Twentieth Division (closs

in'ALugu.st, .8, a, CcLInp Sevier, S.C T1he ?,Hl Fi.eld Ati..le y !3ri-ado 3.SC cr;. !i~ 4 d 8rd trcii, ed t jacKron, S C 1 2<u h Engne trs ra o a .i -d dCLp c; ,(-t , .j H.rnr~ys, Virginrliaa and jc:in-d ihe di.-is4on in No *ec.er, ljl8e I i 4^ 'h-i ..^c'. i Xld ;.;nf 14. ^^r e Q.rganji2-.^,ion,o-A tiie Regaul a Aria fy; all ctlnrs Were i r 'roviY; o-1l 'rTgr' ^2i'tj.;c; ir nLuc. e i-R of me;n ,am3 fora the regular urnits Lut Ia5 or&;anlzsi&fiza ! \werze i rg.ly male up from deafted menr

artillery and engineers) wa.s orcanis7id

39th Infantry Brigade: 48th card 89t}h Infantry; 59th Machine Gun Baftt a l.ion, 40th Inf antryr Brigade: 50th aInd 0ti+; Infantry; 60th Machinrie Gun BatWt ali ion 20th Field Artiilery Brigade, 58th and 5`^*h ( LAIt); 60th (heavy) Field Ar",ill.erv,; 20th Trench Mortar Battery# 58th Machine Gun Battalion 220th Enginzner;^ 220fth Field Signal Battalion Traina The division was in training until January, 1919, when demnobilizta tion began; This ras completed on February 28# except for such units as be longed to the Regular Ariiyo The division had two commanding generals- as followt 1919 Maji Brig, Gent Es Leroy Sweetser (temporary), Sept$ 30, 1918 to January 3, Gen. Harry E. Hodges, (assigned) Jan, 3, 1919 to Fet 28, 1619#

Revised to 3/30/21 RP:I :ogm

Prepared in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division, CGene.al Staff, whicro authorities for statonrnts are on filo, Conments are invitedt THE TIENTi'Y-SIXTH DIVISION, (National Guard, Insignia: Dark blue monogram YD on diamond-shaped field of olive drab.)

The 26th Division was organized in August, 1917, at Boston, Mass,, from National Guard troops of the New England States, supplemented by a small quota of National Army troops from Camp Devens, Mass. The organization was as follows: 51st Infantry Brigade; lOlst and 102d Infantry; 102d Machine Gun Battalion. 52d Infantry Brigade: 103d and 104th IMantry; lp3d Machine Gun Battalion. 101st Machine Gun Battalion, 51st Field Artillery Brigade: 101st and 102d (light), 103d (heavy) Field Artillery; 10lst Trench Mortar Battery, 101st Engineers. 101st Field Signal Battalion, Trains, The first unit to gv overseas arrived at St. Nazaire, France, on September 20, 1917. The last element arrived November 12, 1917< The division (less artillery, engineers and signal battalion) remained in training area with headquarters at NIeufchateau until February, 1918, For purposes of training the artillery was sent to Coetquidan. It, as well as all other elenpnts, rejoined the division early in February and remained with it during all activities in which the 26th Division participated. of 1918 T h e di v i s in nreeded to t h e iinitY Spissons on February 6, where, attached to the Frenco lith Corps, i s unlts went into line in the Chemin des Dames sector on February 10th, It was withdrawn March 21 and moved to the La Reine and Boucq sector northwest of Toul, relieving the American 1st Division and the French 10th Colonial Division in line on April 3, From April 10th to 13th the division successfully repelled an attack by the enemy on the Bois Brule subsector at Apremont, This was the first engagement in which American troops took part in any number. On April 20th and 21st the division was involved in a defensive operation known as the "Seicheprey Raid". This was an enemy attack in force against the defenses of the town of Seicheprey. Although American losses were heayy, the enemy was repulsed, and all ground taken by him was recaptured by counterwattack. Minor operations of both an offensive and a defensive character kept this sector active during the remainder of the division's stay therein. On June 28th the division was relieved and proceeded northwest of Chateau-Thierry, relieving the 2d Division in the Chateau-Thierry sector, on July 10th, It was now in the ist American Army Corps operating under the Sixth French Army. From July 15th to 18th it was in the ChampagneMlarne defensive and from July 18th to 25th it participated in the Aisne-" fMarne offensives Capturing Torcy, Belleau and Givry m July 18th, and advancing beyond the Chateau-Thierry--Soissons road to Oulchy, it reached the heights of Beuvardes-"le Charmel. The division (less artillery and engineers) was withdrawn July 25th and on August 16th proceeded to the Chatillon training area. The 101st Engineers remained in line under the 1st Corps until August- 3d, and the artillery brigade until August 4th supporting the 4th and 4Qd Divisions, On August 26th the division moved north of Bar-le-Duc, and thence to the Rupt and Troyon sector north of St. Mihiel, where on September 8th it entered the line as part of the 5th Army Corps. It participated in the St, Mihiel offensive September 12th to 16th. Attacking eastward on the front south of Les Eparges, it drove the enemy from St. Remy 'and Doancmiartin, broke his last hold on the COte de MIeuset and reached Hattonchatel and Vigneulles, at the extinme southern point of the ridge. Meanlwhile the 1st Division on the left flank of the 4th Corps, had been approaching tile same place from thbe south; and by a junction of the two divisiors. -the tip of the salient was finally cut off. On September 13th it turned eastward and occupied the line of heights about Hannonville and ThiilLot with advanced detachments near Doncourt. On Septem-ber 25th the division participated in the general feint threatening Metz which was carried out by all front line units east of the Meuse to.divert attention from the Meuse--Argoxne offensive,

-.30o

-2-

relievod in the Troyon Sector and r s er v e t e . T e n t e r e d the line in d 0 off ensivz' :3 or t h o f V -rc u n e.n October 18th, relieving Sthe i'tse-hgonne the L8r,h Frerch Tn an ry Divisicn. OperatJting uccessively under the 17th French Arilly Corps & n an.i thle 2,1 F ^" otlcora'. ' l **Cps, r C.>rs, l it advanced s3.citv~.y h it, advanced slow-ly ~ ~ n^Tnear .~ / e no-Theas, anr tb a e a s t eCrco;n-;eri,n btlborn rhsistance, When Hostil tie- were sulspe:ndfed n s eu wee ' l Nr ;!I,-*.e>-r r.i:.t~h, it held the line from Ville-devantof Ve rd u n i n Ar m y
,, "A

On October 7t h t h moved to the v icinit y

e

d i v i si o

n

wa s

Chaumont south t,o a with headcua:

poii+

naaPI 1e

ilrauma,

in NJovenbe- l., I.< ,-,he di..h.1slor" proceeded to the 8th Trailing Area, -,e,. s i;on-,ijrvy ,e-i, I.t Jrlnu.ry it moved io the Le In c : on n t e r wh r e Mans E;mbark a ti Ce e it. remained- until its retulrn to the United

States,

Division headquartars sailed from Brest on March 27, 1919, and 15919, The division had five .om-iianding generals as follWws: Maj. Gen. Clarence Edwards (ae^-ned) Au.g, 22, 191'17 - Oct, 24, 1918; Brig. Gen. C. H. Cole' (,ter-norary) , Oct. , 1917 - Oct. 31, 1917; Bri" Gen* Peter E, Traub (tenpcrary;, Oct. 31 to !o;embler 11, 1917; Brig. Gen. FrankE,/"··-bir Bamford 11 1917 Brig Gen O(tonlpoi 24, 1.918 to Ncvember 16, 1918, ctober Frank E. B a m f o r d and Maj. Gen. Harry C. Hale (apsigned), iKv-fo-rr..er 16, 1918 t, Mlarch 27, 1919,
arrived at Boston Apr4l 4, totalled During operations the division taok 3,143 prisonersi 11,325. Its casualties

COMSAT SERVICE, (1) Chemin-des-Damrnes Sector France, 101st Infantry. lO d '} 103d 13ld t 104th - ' 101st Machine Gun Battalion.
lO d
H

26TH DIVISION. 6 Feb. - 21 Ibar,, 1918.

n

n

103d

t

8

1OLst Field Sinal Battalion, 103.s En ineers, o101st Field Artiillery,
102d

l0od

t
e

.

n rt

Toul (Boucq) Sector, France, Samne as in W1), (3) Chateau-TThb.!ierry Sector, France, Same as 'n I), (4) Champagne-Y--arne defensive, France, Same as in (W) * (5) Aisne-MB-arne offensive, France, Same as in (1), except the three regiments of Field Artillery, and the 101st EniJ.neers, (6) Aisne--Marne offensive, France, 101st Field Artillery4 102d rt n
103d '

(2)

3 Apr. - 28 June, 1918, 10 Jul. - 14 Jul., 15 Jul. - 18 Jul., 18 Jul. L 25 Jul., 1918. 1918. 1918,

18 Jul.

- 4 Aug.,

1918,

(7) Aisnelar-a e ffensive. France, lQlst Engineerso (8) St» Mhihiel .offensive, France, Same as in (1). (9) vroyon Sector, France, Same as in (1); (10o) Moeuso--Argonne offensive, France, Slame ax in (1)

18 Jul

- 3 Aug,,

1918,

12 Sept, - 16 Sept., 1918. 17 Sept
j.8 Oct.

7-

Ou*.ct , 1918.

- 11 Nov, > 1918,

Revised to(3-29-i23 RPL-egm -cw
i}.\sa ;3ea tt <4.l

6-4-21
-31-

JP 3Il,

j.' re

rrcear'd ia the Hiettical Brncih, War Plans Div-i`on, Gbnrral Staff ofUi^I Goeoje arI invoitred, ^f a" h3 whoo authorities foF fiatu'! *I^HE; TWENT'i-S\EVEITHI DIV ISIONTI A red border d black circle with the letters Insigia; (National. Guard, in monogram and surrounded by seven starS placed as in the conQ NYD stellation of Orion*) Th6 Twenty-seve-th Division was organlized in September, 1917, at Gamp . Wadsworth, Solth' Caro lna, from Ne+aional Guard troops of New York. s 'Tihe orga, iz tbio, n aai a s f o l lows: -ig-ad;: b .E3d Inlan^y Itnfantry} 105th Machinecgun Battalion, .05 Gh Ltnd J]0 h 54th 13 ifarntlrr BrA ga_ 9de: iC7uh ar.d 1.J38t0h Infantry; 106th Machine-gun Battalion, Bri3 gaee 52d ^,;llr 3C4th and l' >rn (I.ght); 106th (heavy) Field Artillery, ;rtar 3atteryo ¢3-Ch iTNch 104th Lvao'.i.ntgn Battalion. s 102d. ,faip ei S;gnal. Battalion, 10?lC c Tra.ins , -ait of tCe division arrived in France May 7, 1918; the The fir-t -last element 4uly 1^ * 918. For trainin p;-.r?.,se,. th'e division (l ess artillery) was attached to For the Julny 3, 19184 British unrits in thc Oa. ;trncrt cf thaQ Sor-ne until there it reinained same purpose the aruille *y br cgade vrn' Io. C£fmn de Souge > 7. i, ever served with the 2'7th Dlivision in Frarce, but until Auggst 30O, 1918, participated in the Mouto-A-SJor.e Offensive, Septemne'r 26, to November 11,1918. 'he division pr-coodid to BElJ.gium tnder the British 2d On July 3, l1i°1, rai i.^g uuuits w3re brigaded vith troops of the BritArmy, w ere fIor fur- h&i; ti ish 19th Corps in the D)ickelbtusl;h lckre a.nd Scherlsnl.erg sectors southwest of i% relieved the British t Ypre6 from July 9 to iuguELt 23, 1918+ On Aulgus`-3, 6th Divi.sion in LinR s2u-bhwwst of Ypres, anld pbxticipated in the Ypres*Lys before Mt, op Offerslve froum Alrguat ?". to Se teinei 2, 1918, in th3 battle rwas withdrawn fromn the line, and proceeded to Or. 6ep-comber 3, it Kerr.njel.
ic2d
1

the

Fr-o Sapemiber 24? t-) OItober 20, 1918, the division participated in-the Somme Offens-ve no-th of Saint Qunrtin in the ?,d A.4merican Corps, operating The outetanding i-rry against the Hindenburg Linr., AS,; with th^e r.ri'Ajs:l severe fighting in the vicinity of GuillefeaturbC of _hio operation were, t'e Ferme, gzd Gouy, Sep-te ber 27th'and 28th, and the mont Fer-ne, Qur;?inienc-t Rirrver October 17 to 20', 1918.* !..l< battle cf La S The divsinn was, wi.tndrawn -fromline October 21st, and proceeded to the On November 23d it moved to the Le at Corbie. Corbie Area 7titE HEad-qua.t es Mans Ernbarkati onl Center preparatory to its ret'lrr to the United States, Duriilg operations tne division took 235Y prisoners* and its casualties Division HIeadquarters suiled from Brest on February 26,- and arrived at New York 'on Mirch 6f, 1919 Thee d ivis.;ion hiad three commanding generals as follows Maj, Ge:1n John F. O'Ryan (assigned), Aug, 25, 1917 - April 1, 1919; Sept, 19t 1917 - Dect 5, 1917, and Brig, Gen. Chas. L, piillips (tump,) Dec,.22, 1917 ^ Dec, 28, 1917; Brig, Gon, Robt, L Mlichie (temp,), April 29, 1918 * June 5, 1918 . B.;ATTLE PICIPATO'N OF 27TH DIV, 9 Jul, ^ 30 Aug4 1918% (1) Dickebush Lake and SW apenberg sectors, Belgium, g. *or ganizations participatin 102d Engineers 10b5th Infantry < 104-th Machine*gun Battalion t 106th 1 n 105th 101th > ' lC5th }08th Signal Battalion 102d Field 19184 31 Aug* r 2 Sept, (2) Ypres-*Lys Offensive, Belgium, *Organizations participating, Same as in (l)n 24 Sept '* 20 Octt* 1918* (3) Somme Offensive, Frange, Orgatizations participating:. Same as in (1). 11 Nov*.r 1918» 26 Sept# (4) Meuse-,Argonne Offensive, France, Organizations participating: 104th ,' 105th, and 106th.FA, RPI/egm 7/30/204 6-14-21 1, t R-vi..ev gm-rsttwv -J-e
totalled o°^.3 -

Esatuquesna

.A'ea-near Beauval,

Pr;-epared inl thN Histcrical Branch, War Plans Division, Goneral Staff wheore auithrcitios for statomontG aro on filo, lnoitod, ooets ari T . HE TWE4TY -El GHT1_DI VI SIOI t " ) ((National Gua-d, Insignia:' ed Keyotone)

The Twenty-eirrhth.-Division was organized in September, 1917, ati Canip Hancock, ;Ga,..:froim- National Gucrqd troops of. the State of Pennsylvania#
The organization twas as follows:

55th Infantry 3Brigade 109 and 1l0 Tnfantry; 108th IMachline Gun Battalion* 5 6th Infantr y Br i;;ade: .in:6h ard 3.12th Infantryf 109th iiachine Gun Battalions 107th 'achiine Gun Battalion 53rd Field Artillery Brigade ¢ 107th and o9th 'light); 108th(heavy) Field Artillery; 1036d Treach Mortar BatteryA 103rd Engineers' 103rd Field Signal B5ttalion* Trains* The first unit of the divisaion to go overseas arrived in France viay 140 1918; the last element, June 11, 1918* For training purposes the division (less artillery) was attached to outh of Saintnorne, where it rsmained until June 9th, The division proceeded to the vicinity of Paris June 13th) where it was att(ched to vren1;h vroops for further training,, For the same purpose the Artillry Brig.pde vert to Camp eucon, It rejoined the division in Auust,7 1t918, and rwmained TJitlh it until. October*- 1918, w;hen it passed to the reserve of the Fi.r.st Armyr Artilleryt It later participated with the 91st Division in the Ypres-Lys offensive, October 29 to November 11, 1918#

the 34th r13rltish nDivj sicn

Fromn June 30th to July 27th, 1918, ele ents of the division were attached to various French and American divisions op0eAating in the Chateau<Thierry Sector, and participa+ted in the C'lamrj-^gne-}Warne Defensive, and the AisneMarne Offensive, In thie lat ,er operation the division for the first time entered the line as a n-nit, relieving the 3gth Division (French), on July 28th, ayid remainin-g in linoe until relieved by the 32nd Division on July 30, 1918 # On August 7th the division relieved the 32nd Division in the Fisies Sector and participated in- the Oise-Aisne Offensive from August 18th to Sep'teinrer 7t1, durirg which' oprat;.ion severe fighting was &bcountered in the advance north of the Voesle Riter* From Septoember 8th u.ntil September 19th the division was moving to the Argonnet,. where it took oQver tho sector extending across the Airo Valley, and
in front of the Argonne Forest, ?on

the outpost line which was hold by the French until the night of S.eptember 2526, in the fleuse-Argonne Offenrsive the division was heavily engaged from Septemnber 26th to October 9th, in vwhich operation the capturee of Varennes Mortblainville, Apremont, Ie -Chl-no Tondui and Ch0tielChehrxy wgere the outstanding features The division was relieved by tho 82.nd Division on October 9th, and .proceeded to the Thiacourt Sector, Toul, which it held from October 16 to November 11, 1918^ During operations the division took 9,21 prisoners and its totalled 13,980 * casualties

the mo7ning of Septembar 20th,

excepting

After the Armistice the division remained in the Thiacourt Sector-until January 9, 19.19 ,when it moved south of Toul with headquarters at Colombeyw les-Belles, remaining there util the latter part of MIarch wlhen it moved to the Le Iians Embarkztlon Center preparatory to returning to the United States, Division Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazaire April 20,1919, arrived at Ne'wport News, May L, 1919, and

-3 .>-

28th Division 2d page. The division had five commanding generals as follows: ,,Aug.25, 1917 - Sept1l7. ****", Maj.Goneral Chas,*M Clement*» Oct28* 0Sept s17, 1917 0 Brig*General Wmf Go Price * v0 , go #O t» J*Oc2ct,2.8 1917 - Dec,5* «*, + .* Brig#General F.W.Stillwell .. 1917 - Dec.15* ,,« ^»^rrDec»5 M Maj General Chas* LU Cleirent, l917 - oct*24, 1918* ^ ^ f *Dec,15 General Chas, He Muir* ,.f .. Maji Ap1l,17 1919, 41918 »,*****.***0,Octc24 Maj, General WmX HA Hay*.**, May rApl i7 1919 - MIuir,17, 1919* +s^ » , * Maj;General Chas. Ho OOUBAE SERVICED TWENTYiEIGHTH DIVISIONS (1) Chfteau Thierry Sector*. . , 111th Infantry i i zJvly 7 to July 14, 1918 -July 8 to July 14, 1918 112th " * *« * ,* 103d Engineers*.# # , «* ** * aJune 28 to July 14, 1918* 109th Infantry « i «*** *July 9 to July 14, 1918 it« nf 6 It It it it 110th " * »** it <* t it 107th Machine Gun Battalionf t * * * I t »1 if It It 1 108th - " * Is It (t « ff it ti »f f 0O9th n ^ ff it" If I nt o of 103d Field Signal Battalion * *
e.

"P

I-

(2) Champagueo*arne Defensive * « * 0 * 109th Infantry t 110th n

a « « «July 15 to July 18., 1918*

lllth 111th

"

J 112th 107th Machine Gun Battalion t ^ 108th t t 109th 103d Engineers 103d Field Signal Battalion

(3)

Aisne-Marne Offensive Same as in (2)

*
*

«

*

,

, *July 18 to Auga 6, 1918*
»AUg 7 to Augr 17, 1918.

(4) Fismes Sector i « Same as in (2) (5)

*****

«* c * « OiseAisne Offensive t 109th Infantry 110th t lllth 112th 107th Machine Gun Battalion
t

*

Aug, 18 to

Septr 7, 1918*

108th

^

n n " 109th ^ 103d Engineers 103d Field Signal Battalion 107th Field Artillery 108th ' 109th

(6)

Meu.sewArgonne Offensive
Same as in (5)

e

«'

* « » , « * Sept,

26 to OcttlO,

19180

4 * % ** * * (7 ) Thiacourt- Sector Sanme a in (2) (8 I Ypres*Lvys Offensive * ' o * * s v 4,* 0 107th Field Artillery WIf "108th a " 109th Revised to 6*10/21 RPL :egmn:cw

Oct.

16 to Nov» 11,

1918»

Octs. 29 to Nov. 11t 1918*

P;epared i. tilo Historical Branch, War Plans Division, Goneral S-oaff, whors authorities for statoimnts arc on file, Cormonts arc invited. BRIEF HISTORY THE TWENT'Y-NINTH DIVISION (NATIONZ1 GUARD) (Divisional insignia; a circle bisected by two half circles reversed add joined; onewhalf of circle blue, other half gray)

crossing the Charmel,

The Twentydninth DivIison wasg organized at Carp 3 McClellan, Ala., under authority of a War Departl:-ent order dated July 26, 1917* It was o f Na t i o n a l G originally cOrMpose ' uard units from the District of Coluulbia and the States of New Je. sey, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia. Later, however, the Delaware troops were withdrawn and organized into pioneer infantry unitso ' The following organizations coaposed the division; 57th Infantry Brigade; 113 th 1 1 4 t h I n fant r y; 111th Machine Gun Battalion 58th Infantry Brigade; 11 5 tho 1 1 6 t h Infantry; L12th Machine Gun Battalion 54th Field Artillery Brigade, l 110th a n d 111 t h ( l i g h t ) a n d 112 t h (heavy) F i e l d Artilleryt 104th Trench Mortar Battery 110th '' Machine Gun Battalion 104th Engineers 104th Field Signal Battalon Trains The fir s t e l e me n t o f t h e division arrived in France June 8, 1918, and the last July 22, 1918# M a n y o f t h e u n i t s l a n d e d i n England b e f o re

Wi t h i n a few d a ys a f t e r i t s a r r i v a l t h e division proceeded to the 10th Training Area a n d e s t a b l i shed headquarters at Prauthoy (Haute Marne)#. After two w eeks t r a ini n g s o r d e r s w e r e received to move to Upper Alsace for the purpose of taking over a quiet sector of the fronts Fron the 17th to 25th of July the divis i o n w a s stationed near Belfort under col-nand of the 40th French Corpss The oc o u pa t i o n o f the Center sector, Upper Alsace, began on the 25th and w a s c o ap l e t e d o n August 7, at which time conr-rand of the sector passed fror the French to the Americanss On S ep t e l be r 23d t h e d i v i s i o n w a s withdrawn to the vicinity of Belfort and ordered t o t h e R o b e r t E s pag n e Training Area' After leaving Belfort the division w a s a s s i g n e d t o t h e Aruerican First Ar4y and ordered to the area i n wh i c h t h e M eu se - A rg o n ne Offensive was soon to be launched* Division Headquarters were established at Conde Septenber 24th. Fron this.point t h e d i v i s i o n n o v e d north tith headquarters successively at St# Andre and Blercourt, On October 1st it was placed in reserve of the 17th French Corps with headquarter at the Citadlel of Verdun.

On 0ctouer 7th division headquarters noved to Vacherauville, east of the Meuse and seven kiloreters north of Verdun* The, 58th Infantry Brigade was nbw attached to the 18th French Division, and on the 8th n at ack ed no rth as a part of t h a t d ivi s i o r, t frompositions between Sanogneux and Brabant, This attack penetrated the Bcis de Consenvoye. Two days later, the 113th Infantry of the 57th Brigade having reinforced the line, the advance was resumel and the wood cleared, On October 11 coramand of this section of the line passed fron the French to the connanding general of the 29th Division; but -parts of the division continued for some days to operate with the French units on the right. By October 16 the line had been pushed forward on the north into the Bois de la Grande Montagae and on the north andc east into the Bois dtOrnont, It was nocessary to approach this latter wood by way of Etrayes Ridge and the Bois de Belleu; and on October 23d the ridge was taken,

The Amferican offensive wvest of the Meuse began on Septerber 26th an d soon progressed s o f a r t h a t i t s r i g h t w a s exposed t o Ge r ^an fire fronm the heights on the east bank. To take these heights was the task of the 17th French Corpsq then a part of the First American Armiv

The line now ran from Hill 375 in the Bois de la Grande Montagne# around the head of Etrayes Ravine, and thence along the northern and eastern slopes of Etrayes Ridges On this line the division was relieved by the 79th, October 30thl During the divisionvs occupation of the Center Section, Haute-Alsacee during its participation in the Meuseit was served by Frefch artillery; Argonne offensive it was supported by the 158th Field Artillery Brigades Upon arrival in France the 54th Field Artillery Brigade was sent to Camp Meucons It did not participate in active operations and joined the division after the armistice in the 11th Training Area* Casualties totalling 6 159 The division captured 2g187 prisoners. were suffered. After the signing of the Armistice the division was removed to a rest area with division headquarters at Bourbonne-ies-Bains* The movement to the emibarkation center for return to this country began April 11, and on Division the 14th headquarters were established at Ballon, near Le Mansa headquarters sailed May 6th and arrived at Newport News May 194 Major General Cha6r G. Morton commanded the division from July 6th, 1917, until its demobilizatione COMBAT SERVICE, 29TH DIVISION
a

(1)

Center Sectors Haute*Alsacef France 25 July
113th Infantry 114th * 115th 116th " 110th Machine Gun Battalion 111th 112th 104th Engineers 104th Field Signal Battalion MousevArgonne offensive, France Same as in (1)

22 Septo,

1918

(2)

26 Septh

(

11 Nov»,

1918

RPL/cw6/l1/21
-36-*

Preparod in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division# Ganaral Staff whore atthoritios for statamsnts aro on files Co= mrnts ar' inritod
THE THIRTIETH DIVISION (National Guard. Insignia: Monogram OH containing Roman numeral XXX , in blue on maroon field) all

The Thirtieth Division was organized in October, 1917, at CGamp Seviert South Oaroliha from National Guard troops of Tennessee and North and South Carolina.l The organization was as follows: 59th Infantry Brigade
114 117th and 1 1 8 t h Infantry, th Machine Gun Battalion. 60th-Infantry Brigade: 119th an d 1 2 0t h Infantry; 115th Machine Gun Battalion. 113th Mlachine Gun Battalion 55th Artillery Brigade: 113th add ll4th (light); 115th (heavy) Field Artillery 105th Trench Mortar Battery, 105th Engineers 105th Field Signal Battalion, Trains

until November 24, when it was ordered to the Le Mans Embarkation Center preparatory to returning to the ·United States.

On August 18 the division took over the Canal Sector from the British holding this position until August 30, 1918, From August 31 to September 2 the division participated in the Ypres-Lys Offensive in the battle before hS j*,Kemmel1 a From September 24 to October 19, 1918# the division participated in the Sorme Offensive in the 2d American Corps, operating with the -4th Brit ish Army*, The outstanding features of this operation were the breaking cpf the Hindenburg Line near Bellicourt, and the capture of Bellicou' and Nauroy, September 29 and 30, the atta'ck from Montbrohain, October 6 to 12 in-which Brancourt, Pre mont, Busignyl Vaux-Andigny and Saint Souplet were captured, and the Battle of La Salle River, October 17 to 20t 1918. The division wa~s w ithdrawn October 20 and proceeded to the vicinity of Amiens, where it remained

the last element June 24-. 1918, For tr a ini n g p u r p o s e s t h e d i v i s i o n (less artillery) was attached to British units i n t h e Eperlecques Area (Pas-de-Calais) where it remained until 1918. For the same purpose the artillery brigade went to Coetquidan. July 4. 0 6 t he It never * ^eS~hT' w^ It neer a served with irve 30th Division in F r^^^ c e , b u t gade went to Coetquidan. the n participated in the Saint Mihiel Offensiv Sptembr 12 to 16, 1 9 1 8 , a n d i n t h e Meuse-Argonne Offensive Septembe r R& t o i~~obc.r I8,f19 1C t wa brto rmbor 1 t A w a s a l s o i n l i n e i n t h e T o u l Sector August'23 to Septeo Septernber 1, 11, msl, and in the Woevre Sector Octobor 11 to Noveimber 8 1918. On July 4# 1 9 1 8 the division w a s o r d e r e d t o B e l g i u m under the Second f o r fu r th er British Army, where training units were brigaded with British divisions in the. anal Sector southwest of Ypres from July 16 to August 17..

1918;

The first unit of the division t o go

o ve r s e a s a r r i v e d i n F r a n c e Ma y

14

Tne division had six commanding generals as follows: Maj.Gen. Jo h n F . Mo r r i s o n , Sept.1, 1917 to Sept.19, 1917; Brig.Gen. William I. Scott, Sept.lS, i 9 1 7 to O c t *l7, 1 9 1 7 ; D*aj*Geno C.P.Townsley, Oct.17, 1917 to Dec22, 1917; Brig.Gen, Samson L. Faison, Dec.22, 1917 to lay 27 1918, and from Jung 14* 1918 to July 18, 1918; and from Margll, 1919, until demobilization w a s c o mp l e t e . MajGenGeo.W. Read, lay 27, 1918 to June 14, 1918; Maj.Gen, Edward M. Lewis, July 18, 1918 to Mar.ll, 1919.

During operations the division took 3,848 prisoners, and its casualties totalled 8,954. Division Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazaire MEarch 18, 1919, arrived at Charleston, . S.C., on April 2, 19190 . . MI--__

**371-

COMBAT SERMVIGEI-3THDIVISION
(I) Canal Sector Belgium

Organizat i onrs par I;.i clpating: 11'th Tn ant y
1 18th
1',(t C t.1 2
n

16 July-30

Aug,1918

120th t ll^th LMqchine-gun Battalion
1.14th I
7

)

(21

(3)

(4)

3.0',.n Engineers 105t I Fibe. d Signa)l Battalion, .1 Ypoa-7.x 3s Offeniiva, Belgium Organza-t ior.s participating; Same a3 in (I) Somme Offensive France Organizations Darticipating: Satae as in (I) Toul Seotcr, Frpnce Organ.zation participating: 113-'th Field Artillery 115;h 3..3. 5 t fth
114-th '

31 Aug*-

2 Sept,

1918

24

.. Sept ^ 20 Oct» 1918
23 Aug. 11 Sept4 1918

"t

't
12 Sept* - 16 Sept, 1918

(5)

St* Mibiel Offensive', France
Organizat ions participating;

(6)

Same as in ( 4) Meuse-Argonne Cffensive, France Organizations participating: Same as in (4) I (7) Woevre Secto'r Tr ance. Organi z ations 1ar tic pating: Same as in (4.j: "

26 Sept - 8 Oct,
1Oct- 8. Nov, 19

1918
-

11 Oct < 8 Nov. 1918

RPiLosw

Rovise dA6-1lOl -38

Prcp;-r. i.-B 11h i .:L .i TBranch, War Plans Division, General :iciff, - hcro au'%thar i'ios for statomonts aro on file. Comnmonts are invited* THE THIRTY-FIRST DIVISIOT (National Grard. Insignia: in red) Red circle enclosing the figure "CC D"

Wheeler,

The Thirty-"first Dirivion was organized in October, 1917, at Camp Ga,* from .1 u-u,-rd troops o1 Gaorgiat Alabama, and Florida, and -ior\x;
j-or
Illinolis

National Army d11-af te/d ril'.!

and Michigan.

The organ;j zatit:n '..vas follows: as 63. s; I:Afa' rcry Brig ade: Kl<st anrd 122d Infantry; 117th Machine Gun Battalione

62.d lnfanrtry Brigade: 123d and 124th Infantry; 56th Fi/-ld Artillery Briga'dek 116th ard 117th (light), 118th (heavy) Field Artillery; M4ortar Battery . . 118th Machine Gun Battaliono

;lO`.h Tret ohi \

115th MachiJ¢ne Gun Batt-alion
106tff.h r;;gi.eors*

106th 7ield Signal Battalion* Trains# Uni-s of the divisiob sailed overseas in September and October, the last element arriv.ing lfiFrai-lce Nloverber 91 1918* Upon ar-rial. .t
personr*el of rnoct oif th;e 2n-'ts w 1ee¢.v"g tsh-o 3 Divi :1 C^l-) to th Un>i d t 3;cA (d I D^^, Dki

1918,

was denig a.td as a replacerent division

The

a-;W., t,.tnla,-,,. -a . .Ynd sei-t to oth,<3r crganizations, or* d It remained at Brest until 1 t returned

. 3

The division' had four conmanding generals as follows: Jiajs Gero `ranciS tU ;'rr nan(ascigned.\)J,.Aug,25, 1917, to Sept,180 (Peri'ipr ay*) p Se't 18, 1^1 to March 15, 1C1e; Brigo Cei, BiancHs u^ '#r.-r.;.. (7e-ip^)^'r q,^x-ch 15; 1-91, to Mtay 12, 1918; MajM
1917} Gen, Brig<.Gen, Jb,,hn Lit Hra. LeRoy S. Lyom(assigned), IVayi1, 1218, to demobilizatiol

Rovisod to 6)/15/
3priseeC.
RK: iv OW

tI

GJ -I5

.1

-

-39 r-

Pro!?aroc in the Historical Branch,, War Plans Division$ Ganoral Stafft Warscru aiihhdrities foT suatomonts aro on filo 4 Commnen a.Ie {itod% BRIEF HISTORY OF THE THIRTY-SECOND DIVISION (National Guard) (Divisional Insignia: A Red Arrow piercing a Line)
.
A__ (>_ _

.~~~~~~~~~0

The 32d D i v i s i o n w a s org a n ized at Camup McArthur, Texas, under authority of a 17ar D e p a r t m e n t o r d e r d a t e d J u ly 1 8 , 1 9 1 7 . I t w as composed of Nationa l G u a r d - t r o o p s f rom^ the States of Ilichigan and Wisconsin. Th e following organizations composed the division: 63d Infantry brigade; 125th and 1 2 6 th Infantry; 64th Inimantry Brigade;
>
12 7th a nd 12

120th Machine Gun Battalion.
121st Machine Gun Battalion,

3t

h

57th-Field Artillery

Infantry; Brigade:

119th and 120th (light), 121st (heavy) Field Artillery; 107th Trench Mortar Battery. 19th Machihe Gun Battalion, 107th Engineers. 107th Field Signal Battalion. Trains, The 147th Field artillery of the 41st Division was attached to the 57th Field artillery Brigade and served with it throughout its activities, The first unit of the division arrived in France Feb, 6, 1918, and the last MIarch 1, 1918, The first casualties were suffered when the transport "Tuscania0, carrying the 107th Sanitary Train, was torpedoed and sunk February 5th, fifteen men of this organization being losts - Division headquarters were established at Prauthoy, Haute Marne, on February 24th. The 32d was originally designated as a replacement division and as such sent many of its members to other organizations, However, the German offensive bf March 21st and the resulting necessity for additional American troops forced a change in these plans, Replacements were-furnished and the division assembled in the 10th Training Area preparatory to taking the field as a combat unit. After four weeks spent in this area, the division was ordered to the quiet Haute Alsace sector, The movement to this sector began May 15th, and on the 16th headquarters were established at ILa Chapelle. On the 18th the Firench troops in the sector were relieved and the division for the first time took over front line trenches, which were held until July 21st, On July 26th .the division was assembled near Verberie, in the neighborhood of Soissons, as a re<^,rve of the 10th French Army, From this point a move was immediately made to the region of Chateau Thierry, and upon arrival the division was placed in the 38th French Corps, 6th Army, and latert Augist 4th, in the 5th American Corps , The Aisne-Marne offensive..was by-this time in full swing and on July 29-30th the 32derelieved the 3d Division in the vicinity of Roncheres, northeast of Chateau Thierry# The Comrianding General of the 32d Division assumed command of battle zone at 11:00 A. IM, July 30th and at 2:30 P,*M the same day an. ttack waxG launched in which the Bois des Grimpettes was

taken and the 'edge of the Bois des Cierg;es gained.s On the night of the 30-31st of July the 630 Brigade of the 32d Division relieved the 28th Division on the Ourcq River extending the zone of action to the left toward Sergy. The attack was renewed on the 31st and the village of Cierges captured, Here the advance was stopped by strong resistance from Reddy and Bellevue Farm. An attack on Augu.st 1st gained Bois de la Planchette and Hill 230, and forced the enemy to
abandon Bellevue FarmThe German forces were now rapidly

withdrawing,

and on August 3d the division pushed forward to the Vesle River and captured the town of Fismes, at which point it.was relieved August 7th. The division wab next assembled in a reserve position.between the Ourcq and Vesle where it remained for a period of ten days, when its#as again ordered to the vicinity of Soissons for duty with.the 10th French then engaged in the Oise--Aisne offensive, Arm<, The 127th French division was relieved August 27th north of Soissons and approximately 2 kilometers due west of Juvigny, In an attack which began on the 28th.the railroad tracks west of Juvigny were reached and on August 3Gth thetown itself captured. The advance .continued'* and on the day following, the division reached the Terny.* Sorny--Bethancourt road, At this point the 32d was relieved September

1--2d by the 1st Lroroccan Division. It was next sent to a rest area necr Joinville and remained at this place until Septem-ber 20-b10 'when it a-ain started north to join the fth The 32d1 Division, from a Corps for the coiming el.;se- rgonne Offensive4
position in Corps Reinerve,

south of Avocourt, moved up and relieved,

on

the night of the 29-3'0ch- and the morning of the 30th, the 37th Division south of Ciergejs i'n the vicinity of I;ontfaucon, andl movred forwajrt driving On the night of October 3-4th part of the Division relieved the enemy north. the 91st Division in thle vicinity of .Gesnes, The latter village was immedizately entered, but no attempt was made to hold it as it was under con On October 5-th the Bois de la 'arinle vwJas taken and from stant shell fire. this point the attacl. swurng to the north and the Bois du Chene Sector was Here the advance r.as tempor-rily halted by strong resistance captured. from Hills 255 anc. 269., During the night of the 7-8th of October the Division side-slippad to the east, giving up 2 kiloime,eters of front in the west to a brigade of the 91st Division, and taking over 1 kilometer from On the 9th of October the Division attacked the 3d Division on the right. reached the Krienihilde-Stellung, Cote Dame M.arie and Romagne, where it and On Octoberi 144b. tihe Krinomhildemade preparations for a drive through. was penetrated, Cote Dame t.tarie and Romagrc, being c-aptured and Stellung The the Bois de Chau-rignon entered, making an advance of 2 kilometers, and stead1ly advanced in the Bois de Bantheville until it Division slowly was.relieved by ihe 89th Dirvision on the night of the 19-20th of October. The division followed in the wake of the 5th, 89th and 91st Divisions, as a reserve of the 3d Army Corps, with headquarters successivel.y at Tlhe 128tlh Infantry raentered thn line November 6th Romagne and Aincreville, as a unit of the 5th Division operating-east of the lh.euse, in the vicinity On the night of the 9-lOth of November the remainder of Dun-sur-Meuse. of the Division cros.ed the i;.euse and entered the line att-acking on the 10th in the vicinity of Brandev-lle and Peuvillers; on the morning of the llth a continuation of the attack was halted by the signing of the ,rmristice, Its During operations the division captured 2153 prisoners, casualties totalled 13,392, On November 17th the Division began its march from Vilosnes-surijLeuse and on December 1st crossed the Sauer River and entered Germany as a It-was assigned a sector in the Coblenz first line unit of the 3d ;rmy, iHere it ramained until April, Bridge-head with a front of 30 kilometers. Division when the various units began entraining for ports of embarkation. headquarters sailed from Brest, April 27, 1919, and arrived at New York May 5th. The divisiorn had four cormmanding generals as followrs: Miajor CGeneral James Parker, A.u',u, 26 - Sept, 17, 1917; raj or -eneral Feneral ,illiam 18, 1917 - N6v, 20, 1918; e W.illiam G Haan, Sept, illiam G. Haan, Nov. 20, 193.8 - iApril 2.,r 91:9, and iMaajor C-eneral Lassiter, date of its dernmbil',ization,. Apr-127, 1919, to
1Iajor

32D DIVISIONO ChiBT Sii .ERVICE, : 18 (*) Haute-Alsace sector, Alsacet France, , 125th Infantry 126th
127th

iay

21 July, 1918,

"

" 128th Machine C'tn Battalion 119th ' " 12 Oth

m2st

"

"
30 July - 6 Aug<» 1918, 28 Aug. t& - 2 Sept., 191J. Nov., 191.

107th Engineers 107th Field Signal Battalion (2) Aiste-IMiarne Offensive, France, Same as in (l) (3) Oise-Aisne Offensive, France, Samine as in (l) (4) Imeuse-Argonne Offensive, France, Same as in ^ r ) Revised to 2-2-21 RPL-egm

Sept, -11

prolprod in the Historical Branch,

War Plans Division* General Staff/

whero authoritios for staftownts aro on filoe

Couente are:invited:

^in T1'hil-Y'iH1RD DIVISEIO0N, (National Guards Insignia: A yellow cross on a black circle*)

. 'ao _r W _ 0 The Thirty-third Division was organized at Camp Logan, Texas, in July, 1917, from National Guard troops of Illinois, The organization was as follows; 65th Infantry Brigade; 129th and 130th Infantry; 123d Machine Gun Battalion, 66th Infan 'ry Brigade: 1331st and 132d Infantry; 124th Machine Gun Battalion, 58th Field Artillery Brigade: l22d and 124th (light) and 123d (heavy) Field Artillery; 108th Trench Mortar Battery. 122d Machine Gun Battalion.

108th Etgineers. 108th Field Signal Battalion, Trains* The first unit of. the division arrived in France May 18? 19L8;. the last June 15v 1918. For the purpose of training the division (less artillery) was sent to the Huppy area near Abbeville where it began instruction with the British* On June 5th it moved.to theiEu area, and on June 20th-21st advanced into the Amiens sector where certain units participated in
severael active operations. On July 4th two companies of the 131st

InfEantry and two companies of the 132d Infantry took part in the'attack In the Somen offensive the 131st Infantry of the Australians on Hiamel, played a prominenit part in the attack on Chipilly Ridge and Jressaive Wc.ods On August 23d the division was transferred to the area of the First American Army in the Toul sector and was concentrated in the vicinity On September 5th it begEan its movement to the cf Tronville-en- BarroiNv Verdun sector where it relieved the 120th French Rivision and the right regiment of the 57th Frfench Division on the nights of September 7th, 8th anmd 9th.
At the opening of the Meuserw Argonne offensive, the 33d Division

Its line ran from a formed the right of the Third American wormy Corps. point southwest of Forges, east to the Meuse River approximately 10 kilometers- north of Verdun. From this position the division attacked on the morning of September 26th and captured Forges and the formidable Bois de Forges, In its position facing the Meuso, it continued for the
next eleven days to act as the pivot of the American attack between thant

river and the Argonne Forest* On October 6th the division was transferred to the 17th French Army Corps operating east of the Meuse as part of the First American Army, In the general attack which occurred in that sector on October 8tht the 33d Division was placed astride of the river. This necessitated the construction an the 8th, under constant shell fire, of two bridges, one at Brabant-sur-Meuse,, the o.ther at Consenvoye, and the forcing-of the
passage under direct observation and ;fire from the enemy on the heights east of the Meuses This operation was successfully accomplished by three battalions of infantry and two mfachine gun companies frorm the 33d 3Division which thereupon formed the left of the French attack and by nightfall reached their objective south of the Bois de Chaumes On the following day these units continued their advance to the road running from Sivry-sur4 Meuse to the Villeieuve Farm, but at dusk a powerful attack delivered awainst their ri*et flank forced a retirement to the `rranch4e du Cable Reinforcements were irmmediately despatched just south of thl Bois de Chaume, across the river and by an attack on the morning of October 10th regained all ground lost, which was subbequently held notwithstanding that the right flank remained exposed for four days, The division was relieved in the Verdun sector by the 15th.-rench Colonial Division on the nights of.October 20th, 21st and 22d. and proceeded to the Troyon-sur-heuse sector in the quiet St , Mihiel salient relieving the 79th Division, A number of important raids were carried out and on November 10th Marbhbville, the B3ois d'Harville and other portions of the enemy defense syst;em were captured*

Throughout its operations the division was never served by its opwn artillery, On thie British front its operations were supported by British . and Australian guns. On thG 'Verdun front it had the cooporation of the 52d Field Artillery Brigade (27th Div.) v:.Ix. 3> '8t*'ihiel region the 55t;h Field Artillery Brigade (30th Div ) -was attached to it, and so continued until relieved by the 58th Field -Artillery Brigade, in January, 1919* The latter organization twas separated from the division at Camp Logant Texas, and did not reach France untl aboit, the middle of June, 1918* It immpdiately went into trailing-at Crnans and Valdahou» On August 20 it proceeded to the Toul sector in support of tho 89th Division' and on the 28th was attached to the 1st Division and suppo;ted if s attiack at Sts Uihiel, Zuring the MeuseArgonne offensike i-i was first attached to thQ 91st Division, but, upon tho relief of- the latter on October ?, tho Brigade remained in support of the 32d Division. On the l it ith wras withdrawn to tho area of Villo*susur Cousances for rest and refitting, but ion the 24th wont back into the line in the same sector and waso again assigned to the 89th Division which it supported until active operations were terminated by tho armistice on Novrember 1.1, 1918*, On thaot date the brigade was in the vicinity of Stanayt where it romainod until January 4J 1919, when it began its march to rejoin the 33d Divisio,1 During active uperations the division captured 3987 prisoneras It6 casualties totailed 72.55^ On December 8, 1918, the division commnced an advance which carried its leading brigade across the Moselle into Rhelish Germanyi During this movement it was attached ttthe Army of Occupation, but upon the revocation of. this disposition on December 15? it was withdrawn west of that river and established in the northern part of LuxembuEtrgi, with headquarters located at Diekir-chb, There it remained until the latter part of April, 1919# when the movement to Le Mars was begun preparatory to returning ;to the United SiateOb Divtsion Headquarters sailed from Brest on May 9,- and arrived, at Hoboken on Ty 17, 1919< The division had one commnding generalt. Major General George Bell, Jro, August 16, 1917 to demobilizationr

COMBAT SERVICE,
Amiens sector, France 129th Infantry " 130th 131st t J-t 132d 122d Machino Gun -Battaltin ,. 3 1 "I3d if 124th ^ t :108th Engineers ' 108th. Field Signal Battalion (2) Sommne Offensive, France Same as in (1) (3Y Verdun Sector, France Same as in (1) (4) St, Mlihiel Offensivo, France 122d Field Ar+illery 123d ' ' t t - 124th " (5) meulse-Argonne Uffensivoe France Same as in (1) (6) Meuse Argonne Offekaivy, France Sa, as in (4) (7) Troym-^Secto, France Same as in (1) (1)

33D DIVISIONS 1 July - 7 Aug., 19186

8 Aug.

20. Aug.r

1918.

10 Sept. J 25/ Septu 12 Septs

1918

14 Sept.t 1918*

26 Sept

- 23 Oct,, 1918* 11 Nov* 11 Nov. 1918* 1918o

26 Sept, ,26 Oct.

t Revised to 616 21 RPL: egmcs .

4 L3"

Prc p rce'

i

hn th^

Hi i;- ^icil

awhero c.u'thri-iiu;

i \v; si.n,?Gontral StFC. P l nr, ^r r: nch, *r . C - ir.cn-Qs arc invitCod, f..r stc.tuIt'nts are on fil

TE THIRTY-FOURTH DIViSION,
(National Guard. Insighia: black oval "olla" encircling

B red

buffalo skull.)

The Thirty-fourth Division- was organized in October, 1917, at Canp Cody, New Mexico, from National Guard troops of Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and North and South Dakota* The organization was as follows: 67th Infantry Brigade: 133rd and 134th Infantry; 126th Machine Gun Battalion, 68th Infantry Brigade: 135th and 136th Infantry; 127th Machine tun Battalion. 59th Field Artillery Brigade:125th and 126th (light), 127th (heavy) Field Artilleryl 109th Trench Mortar Battery* 125th Machine Gun'Battaliont 109th Engineers 109th Field Signal Battalions Trains4 The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France, September 29th, 1918, the last element, October 24th, 1918* UpDoy arrival the division was sent to the La brede Area (Gironde) Here it remained under instruction with headquarters at Castre.s. until November, 14, 1918, when, having beun designated as a replaceHere i41 was skeletonized, most ment division, it was sent to Le lvans. of its personnel being sent to other organizationsl Headquarters and the -division permanent cadre returned to the United States via Bordeaux in December, 1918* The division had four commanding geenerals as follows, Brig Gen. F*£*MN. Mauldin (temporary) Sept* 18,1917 to Dec 10, 1917. Maj.. Gen- A-P Blocksom (assigned), Deco 10, 1917 to May 9, 1918. Brigs Gene FB*BM. Mauldin (temporary), May 9, 1918 to July 2, 1918 Brig, Gen. John As Johnston (assigned), July 2, 1918 to Oct. 22, 1918* Gen, Bteaumont B. Buck (assigned) Octt 22 1918 to Maj Oct. 26, 19'13. Brig. Gene John A. Johnston (temporary ), Oct. 26, 1918 to Nov. 16, 1918* revised to R$ Tegi ACT 3/29/121 .

- A-

hU..

l n r 'i-,w:„u'':' - c ;;ile 'i ; : F-l-~ i c Branch, War Plans DiviEin, Cu-'lcln Sataf, autltritios for otatemonts are on file. Comments are invite d THE THIRTY-FIFTH DIVISION, (National Guard. Insignia: Santa Fe cross within two circles of varying colors, the outer one divided into four arcs.)

Th e Thirtywifth Division was organized at Camp Doniphan, Fort . il, Oklahoma, in September, 1917, from National Guard units of Missouri and Kansas, The organization was as follows* 69th Infantry Brigade: 137th and 138th Infantry, 129th Machine Gun Battalion. 70th Infantry Brigade; 139th and 140th Infantry; 130th Machine Gun Battalion, 60th Field Artillery Brigade. 128th and 129th (light); 130th (heavy) Field Artillery; 110th Trench Mortar Battery, 128th Machine Gun Battalions 110th -Engineers. lOtL Field Signal Battalion, Trains* The first unit of the division arrived in France May 11. 1918; the last element June 8, 1918* For trainin purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the vicinity of Eu(Somnme) where it remained until June 8, 1918& It moved to the vicinity of Epinal June 11, and on June 30 it moved to the Vosges, where it was brigaded with the French in line in the Gerardmor Sector, Command of the sector passed to the Commanding General, 35th Division, on July 27. The artillery brigade trained at Camp Cootquidan. It rejoined the division in the Vosges August 14, On August 31 thie division was relieved by units of the 6th American Division, and 131st French Division, and proceeded to the Fortt. de Haye west of Nancy for the concentration'preparatory to the Saint Mihiel Offensive, in which operation it was in the reserve of the 1st Army, on September 1 5 t h e division was placed under the tactical control of thie Second French Army, and moved to the Naives-devant,-Bar area with headquarters established at Passavantwen-Argonne on September 18, On September 19 it moved to the Vraincourt--Auzeville area with headquarters at Autrecourt* On September 23 it relieved the 73d Division, French, in the line in the Grange-leComte sector, In t he 1euse -Argonne. Offensive the division attacked from September 26 to October 1, capturing the towns of Vauquois, Varennes, Cheppy, Charpentry and Baulny. On October 1 it was relieved by the 1st Division, and proceeded to the Vavincourt Area arriving October 5a On October 14 it relieved the 15th French Colonial Division in the Somedieue Sector, where it remained until November 7, when it was relieved by the 81st Division. The artillery brigade remained in line supporting the 81st Division until the armistice* It rejoined the division the latter part of January,l919, The division proceeded to the Saint Mihiel Area with headquarters at Conmmercy. On Mlarch 9, 1919, it moved to Montfort (Sarthe) remaining until April 5 when it proceeded to Saint Nazaire preparatory to returning to the United States* Du r i n g operations t h e division took 781 prisoners. Its casualties totalled 7,283. Division Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazaire on April 8, 1919t and arrived at Newport News, Va.,, April 20, 1919. The division had six commanding generals as followrs: Major General William M. W..right (assigned), Aug.25, 1917 April 6, 1918, Brigadies General Lucien G. Berry (beraporary), September 18 1917 » December 22. 1917; Brigadier General Charles I. Ilartin (temporary) December 22 1917 January 4 - 1918; Brigadier General Charles I, Martin (temporary). April 6. 1918 - May 15, 1918; Brigadier General N.FMcClure (temporary), June 15, 19181 9 1 8 ; Ma o r G e n e r a l P e t e r E July Z, j . T r a u b (assigned), July 20,. 1918 - Decemibr 26, 1918; Brigadier General Thomas Be Dugan (assigned) December 26, 1918 . March 25, 1919, and Major General Wllilliam M. Wright (assigned)March 25,1919May 14-, 1919*

*45-

(1)

Gerardmer Sector,

we2 r*u COMBAT SERVICEJ 35TH DIVISION 6 July ' Vosgese Francet

2 Septi

, 1918*

137th Infantry 138th
139th
t

(2)

f " 140th 128th Machine Gun Battalion M 1 n 129-th t r , 130th 110th Engineers 110th Fiild Signal Battalion CTerardnier Sector, Vosges, France 128th F.A*

14 Augo -2

Sept*, 1918.

(3)

12? oh 130th " St.Mihiel Offensive, France

12 Sept.0 16 Septo,l9180

(4) (5)

Same as (l) and (2) MeusevArgonne Offensivet Francoe Same as in (1) Mouse-irgonne Offensive) France Same as in (2)

26 Sept 26 Sept.

- 8 Nov*.#1918 11 Novo,1918,

Revised to 6^16^21 RPL:.egm:,cw

Prepared in tho Historical Branch, War Plans Division, Genaral'Staffw invited# whore authorities for statomlenta are on file, Comments aro BRIEF HISTORY UF THE THIRTY -SIXTH DIVISION (National Guard) "T" insignia an arrowhead with the letter (Divisional superimposed)
* :.

Camp Bowie, Fort Worth, Texas, The. Thirtyrsixth division was organized at It was comJuly 18, 1917. under authority of a War Department order dated d Te x a s a n Just Oklahoma. posed of National Guard troops from the States of was brought up to vre- strength by the addition prior to embarking the division the two States, of several thousand National Army men from Its composition was as follows: 71st Infantry Brigade: Gun Bn* 141st and 142nd Infantry: 132nd Machine 72nd Infantry Brigade: Gun Bn* 143d and 144th Infantry; 133d Machine 131st Machine Gun Bn, 61st Field Artillory Brigade: s t 132nd (light) and 133rd (heavy) Field Artillery 13L Trench Mortar Battery* lllth Engineers. lllth 111th Field Signal Battalions Trains * May 31st, 1918 and units of the division arrived in France The first the last August 12 1918* vicinity were sent to the 13th Training Area in the Artillery were established on July 27q The 61st Field division headquarters call b Brigade was detached and sent to Coetquidan, an artillery training

of the artillery Immediately upon arrival all units# with the exception Barwsur"Aubej where of where it remained throughout the period of hostilities 26th at Which was stationed at Bar-sur-Aube until September
E perna y

Brittany
time it

The division

tho Marieo headquarters at Pocanoy, Department of

en et oved by rail to- the area b we

an d Chalon s
Here it

remained ten days#

a nd

established

attached to the Fifth as a reserve of the French group of Armies of the Center# French Army for purposes of supply* Meuse-Argonne Offensive was To the north, only a short distance, the and the Meuse was being under-way* Tie American attack between the. Argonne just to the west# In the aided by the Fourth French Army in the Champagne attack and on October 3d latter'sector the enemy stubbornly resisted every with which the 2nd American the 36th was transferred to the Fourth French Army, Division was already serving, from the
began moving On the night of October 4th units of the division nioinlty of Suippes and SommeoSuippes* Pocancy AArea to the on the night of., began the relief of the 2nd Division The 71st Brigade Sty Etienne and

long between October 6 on an irregular line about 4 kilometers headquarters were immediately Medeah Farm facing generally north. Brigade kilometers northwest of SoMnMOPy6 5, established on Blanc Mont, approximately of attacked on the morning of October 8 with troops The 71st Brigade of ar. operat ion Tho attack was a phase 1 'nes to Msachault allied vA +hA the '2nd Division acting as -r,- . ,erves. __- &,b. ^ -1 I" toszic evuo am, by the 2nal 11th and 21st French G;orps operation netted the brigade
-

fluctuated, but the day's band omide the days drn wrels s^S ^ ^ The line2s and Semideo The line^^ o f f c e r s and 1227 menwere lost during the day i Sixtywsix a substantial gain. n d the Pocancy In the meanwhile, the remainder of the ivisio moved from October 9 these units completed the red Atea to the front and on the night of 2 n d Division the atter division the artilleryof lief of the infantry of the of the sector passedntr remaining in support of the 36th Divisions The command

X to the- 36th Division at 10 A.M.
north of St. EtieMn

October 10·

failed that afternoons

However, the. 141st succeeded in

An attack of

the

142nd Infantry

advancing its lines some 500 yards#

Brigade passed through the 71st Between 5 and 6 o'clock P.M. the 72nd The attack resulted in and attacked in the direction of Iachault and e Cauroyo ne n g t he or ds retreat to the began h my The following m ni advance.

a slight The 72d Brigade took up the north in the direction of Dricourt and Attigny and Machault, pursuit and lively rear guard actions followed between St Etienne of and thL estrablishment of the latter town which resulted in the encircling d a y the brigade pusheI forward to Th e f o llowi n g north of it, lines to the of the Aisnale from Hill 167 northwest of Vaux CGhampagnes overlooking the vtlLjy were pushed out to the canal. patrols Attigny to Givryt from which positions

o47#

northern bank of the Aisne The enemy was strongly entrenched on the a crossing. The 71st Brigade and had taken every precaution to prevent the front of the 73d Trench Division went into line on the 13th, taking over s line at.this time ran along to the east of the 72d Brigadss The dirision kiloingters from the Aisne* No further the slope of Hill 167 approximately 4 le n the strong Foredt Farm h atterpts to advance were made until the 231 bein$a either killed or captured* wvas stormed and taken, the entire garrison and was completed on OctThe relief of the 36th began on October 26 in the Suippes-Somme-Suippes area ober 28* The division was then assembled arsa and established heads and frgom this po.nt moved to the Ariaucou-t vntdl the signing of the quarters at Conddy-en-arroist . Here it ramainstr MTeuses

PArmy,# In the armistice terras as a unit of the First America..

were suffered g total f51.3 Argonne (Ch5ampagne) operation ass division September 10, S from th Th( 111th Engineers was detached

19178

.stAir~erican Army Corpsr and assigned as corps Engineers to the St*Mihial and suse-Argonne this organization participated in the 16th Training Area around Tonnerre

As such

element started for a Here it remained until April 26, 1919, when the first port of enmbarkation for return to this country# Division headquarters sailed from Brest May 23 and arrived at Ner York June 4, as f alows: The division had three different commanding Generals Dsc*."1917*-Aug#2 7 and Greble, BrigaGent EaSt John nltensivO Aug,23-Sept.17,191 s organizata' (hi) Brig*Gen- George Blakely; Sept.18ADec,5r1917; 11aj*Gen*lWiiam Re 1918;
Smith, Aug3ylg918 to date of demobilization, 2528 casualties* It captured 549 prisoners and suffered rie"tNwYr an l42, COMBAT SERVICE, 36TH DIVISION St*Mihiel OffensiveFrance 111th Engineers (2) Meuse-Argonne Offensive Frauce Same as in (3) MeusewArgonne Offensive (Champagne) (3) France' 4l1st Infantry 6 142d at 143d n 144th 131st Machine Gun Battalion " " 132d " 133d 111th Field Signal Battalion meuseLArgonne Offensive,France (4) same as in (3) (1) 12 Sept. 26 Sept, 7 Octe

Ofensis the division moved to the hostilities Shortly after the conclusion of and established headquarters at.Cheney&

and none in quiet ones., The division spent 23 days in active sectors

- 16 Septos918 11 Novo, 1918

- 26 Octal 1918

.

2 Nov* : 11, Novi.

1918

Revised to 6-17"21 RPL: o;w

,-_

Prepared ill the Hlistrical Branch, War Plans Divisi.n, General ,taff, where authorities for statorsents a«ro on file, Conimonts aro Invited, THE THIRTY-SEVENTH DIVISION* - (National Cuard) (Divisional insignia; a red circle with a white border)
*o . .

were immediately dispatched to the Bourmont (Hauto iviarne)

under authority of a War Department order dated July 18, 1917. It was composed of National Guard troops from the State of Ohio supplemented by National Army men. Its composition was as follows: 73d Infantry Brigade: 145th and 1A6th Infantry; 135th Machine Gun Battalion, 74th Infantry Brigade: 147th and 118th Infantry; 136th Machine Gun Battalion, 62d Field Artillery Brigade: 134th and 135th (light), 136th (heavy) Field Artillery; 112th Trench Mortar Battery. 134th Machine 'Gun Battalion, 112th Engineers, 112th Field Signal Battalion., Trains The first unit of the division arrived in France June 18, 1918, y;nd the last July 21, 1918, All elements, with the exception of the artillery,
hrea for

The Thirty-seventh Division was organized at Camp Sheridan, ala,,

preliminary training.. For-te same purpose the artillery wils sent to Camp de Souge, near Bordeaux, It never rejoined the division during the period of hostilities,, but participated''in the Meuseo-Argonne Offensive, serving successively with the 4th American Corps, Second Aunerican Army, 2d Colonial Army Corps (French) and the 17th French.Army Corpse The division remained in the Bourmont Area until the latter part of July at:which timne it entrained for the quiet Baccarat Sector in the Vosges, On August 4th front line trenches were occupied for the first time, The division was relieved in this Sector September 16th, From Baccarat. it moved to the area around the town of RobertEspagne and after a rest of four days- proceeded to Recicourt, department of the IvMeuse, Two days later the.first elements of the division moved north to join in the Mouse--Argonne Offensive, soon to be launched, Division. Headquarters were established at Verrieres-on-Hesse Farm, four kilometers south of Avocourt, The division vwas now a unit of the 5th Army Corps and on the night of September 24-25, took its position for the initial attack on a front of a little over three kilomneters running east and west, and just north of PAvocourt From this line the division moved to the attack on the morning of September 26th, and rpId4ly advanced its lines during the first two days, The western edge of Montfaueon was entered by patrols of thd 37th Division the night of September 26th, The tswn of Ivoiry was captured on the 27th, but on the 28th the resistance stiffened and the division was forced to extend itself to the utmost in ita advance through Bois Emont, Bois de
Beuge and to the Bois de Cierges,

line just south of Cierges and retired to Pagny sur-Meuse,

On October l1st it was relieved on a

After a brief rest it was transported to the St,. lihielSector and headquarters were established at iDuvezin. In this sector. tie division took over a line extending from the Bois de Hailbot, alonig the nar-iern edge of the Bois de la Fvontane and Bois de Charey to the s ut ern edge of the Etang de Lachaussee, -Althouglh the sector was normally quiet the division was subjected to a heeayyand continuous bombardment from the moment it entered. It was relieved in this sector, on October 15th, and again moved to Pagny-sur-Meuse, On thie extreme left of the Allied front the Ypres-Lys Offensive was under way, and to this region the 37th was next sent, On October 22d division headquarters were establishwed at Hoogledge, Belgium, and the division was attached to the French Sixth Army, under command of General de Boissody, the'group of armies being commanded by King Albert of Belgium, From Hoogledge successive moves were made to Lichterrvelde, MeIulebeke and to Denterghem, On the night of October 29-30 three kilometers of the front were taken over along the Courtrai-Ghent railroad, just across the Lys River, with Olsene approximately in front of the center, On October 31st an attack was launched from this position, and the enemy was forced back
L,

Scheldt Rivers* to the Cruyshautem ridges, about half way between the Lys and acrotes the river Here he attempted to make a stand but failed, and was driven was effected; on On November 2d thle crossing of the Scheldt an the sare day, against line was established onlthe east bank of the river and held the 3d a numerous counter-attacksa The division was relieved on the 4th-5th and retired to Thielt-front, Another and on November 9 headquarters were established at Chateau de Huysse, and Heuvel# fifcrossing of the river, this time between the villages of Asper division came teen kilometers from GThent, was the task assigned tho 37th, The a crossing was under a heavy fire as it approached the river; nevertheless the eastern bank was securely held by the effected on the 10Ith and on the llth The advance continued until 11 o'clock at which time the division's Americans. and Hundlegem. lines extended as far east as Dickele, ZwvartenbroeV Keerkem, captured 1495 prisoners; its casualties During operations the division totalled 52434 east; After the./signing of the armistice the division started moving orders were received to turn back, and on but just before reaching Brussels Detachments of December 7- headquarters were located at Hondschoote, France, in the entry of King.Albert inrorBrussels. the division, however, participated to Le Mans From Hondschoote the 37th next moved to Wormhoudt and thence to embark for this countury York March 23, Division headquarters sailed BMarch 15 and arrived at Now generals as followst The division had three commanding G* Brig.Gen. William Ro Smith, Aug,25 - Sept*3, 1917; -Maj.Gen.Chas. and IMajoGen. Chas. S. Farnsworth, May 8, .Treat, Sept,3, 1917 - May 8, 1918, to date of demobilization. COIMBAT SERVICE, France, 37TH DIVISION 4 Auto o16 Septo 1918*

(1)

Baccarat Sector,

145tli -Inftantry

n

:

" - 146th: t ' 147th " -: '148th 134th Maohnle Gun Battalon . ' ** *" . . ":' 13 5th " 1 f36th , ; 112th Engineers BattAlion112th Field Signal (2) Meuse^gArgonne Offensive, France, . i S'ame as in -(1) (3) Pannes Sector- St Mihiel Franco Same, as in (l1 . . .. . .hf;:.SuctorFr<nc o ^7 ,(4 Mb -i 134th Field. Artillery " t 135th t' . - 13i6th - t (5) MeuseArgonne Of fensive, Frae, - 134th Field Artilllery 135th f . . . h 1-36th (6) Ypres-Lys Offensive, Belgium l) Sarne as in (7) Ypres-Lys Offensive, Belgium, . Same as in (il

.

..

'

.. .

. .

...

:

26th Septe
*7 Oct.

3 Oct», 11918 .1918

.16 Oct.

12 Octoa - 23 Oct , 1918 12 Oct' -- 23 Oct*, 1918 12 Oct W -. 31 OGtv, 1918 28- Oct*- -11 Novo, 1918.11t Nov,. 1918 28 iOcti - 11 Nov«,1918 3 Novo 31 Oct* w 4 NovE, 1918 9 Nov, -a ll Novel 1918

Revised to 6-11-21 . ; i KPLgem w - . * * ;' ..*: .;

-

**

50#

Si;lifC, Gt. corel Branch, ltabr Plany -1eips a jvrrudl i, the H1ifsti'iclee Commonts aro xwvitorl ^r>d,.rti^ -for statements aro on fileo where THE THIRTY-EIGHTH DIVISION. Shield in blue and red upon which is Insignia: (National Guard. imposed the letters CY. in monogram.) super-

The Thirty-eighth Division was organized in August, 1917, at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, from National Guard troops of Kentucky, West Virginia and Indiana. The organization was as follows; 75th Infantry Brigade: 149th and 150th Infantry; 138th Machine Gun Battalion. 76&th Infantry Brigade: 151st and 152d Infantry; 139th Machine Gun Battalion. 63d Field Artillery Brigade 137th and 138th (light), 139th (heavy) Field Artillery; 113th Trench Mortar Battery. 137th Machine Gun Battalion, 113th Engineers, 113th Field Signal Battalion. Trains, The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France September 28, 1918; the last element October25, 1918, Upon arrival, the division (less artillery and engineers) was sent to a training area southeast of Nantes with headquarters at R4z4. The 63d, Field Artillery Brigade and Ammunition Train went to the training center at Meucon, and the 113th Engineers to construction work in the Advance Section, SO.S., with headquarters at La Trecy near Langres, Early in November the division, having beend*signated a replacement All the infantry and machine gun organization, was ordered skeletonized, units and the Supply Train were ordered to Le Mans where the personnel The was used as replacements and distributed to various divisions. States in December. permanent cadre of the division returned to the United The division had two permanent and several-tbmporary commanding generals, as follows: Maj. Gen. Vim. H. Sage (assigned) Aug. 25, 1917 to Sept. 19, 1917, and December 11, 1917 to April 14, 1918; Brig. Gen, E. iL Lewis (temporary) Sept. 20, 1917 to November 5, 1917; Brig, Gen& H. H. Whitney (temporary) Nov, 6, 1917 to Dec' 11, 1917o (Generals Lewis and VJhitney served during absence of General Sage in France.); Brig. Gen. "W V, Judson (temporary) April 15, 1918 to July 9 1918; Brig. Gen. F. MJ, Caldwell (temporary) July 10, 1918 to Aug. 29, 1918; Maj,'Gen, R. L. Howze (askged Aug, 30, 1918 to Nov. 11, 1918, when Division was skeletonized,

RPL-egm 11-3-20 -

Revised Jan, 15, 1921,

-51. -

Preparo1 in tHio Ht-ric.·:l -Branch, 17ar Plans D.aisi-n, I;onoral 3-affF where al"uthlrries for 8tatoren-t are on filoa Cormonts are invited. THE THIIRTYoNINTH DIVISION* (National Guard, Insignia: Greoen triangle, point up*

The Thirtyaninth Division was organized in September, l9171 at Cawp Beauregard, La,, from National Guard troops of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas, The organization was as follows: 77th Infantry Brigade: '.3r. and 154th Infantry; 78th Irfantry Brigade: 155th .n5l l^th Infantry; 142d Machine Gun Batteuon. 141st Machint Gun Battalion.,

64th Field Artillery Brigade 140th and 141st (light), 142d (heavy) Field Artillery; 114th Trench Mortar Battery* 14Oth MlIachino Gun Battaliono

1l4th Engineers, 114th Field Signal Battalion Trains5 The first August 12# 1918; unit Wf the division to go overseas arrived in the last elzont September 12, 1918, Franco

Upon arrival the division was sent to the St. Florent Area south" west of Bourges where it was designated as a roplacement divisioni In November it moved to St4 Aignank and the personnel of most of the units was withdrawn and sent to other organizations leaving the 39th Division skeletonizedo With one exception the units of the division did not participate in combat operations, although a large number of the personnel was transferred to combat divisions$ and took part in operations* The 114th Engineers participated as a unit in the Mousoe Argonne Offensive from October 3 to IMoveimbor 11, 1918* The 39th Division permanent cadre returned to the United States in Dccombert 1918* The division had two commandipg genorals as follows: Maji Gen Henary Co Hodgest Jr, (ass ignedo AugiS, 11# 1918; BrigGene Ira A. Haynes, (temparary) Sept* 17, tember 30, 1917, and Nov, 27, 1917 to Feb* 26, 19l8' 1917 to November 1917, to Sep-

Revised to 6*15w21l RPLscw

Proparc^ l. i -inho ;s-is 1-:.cJL Br- zch, war .L.s rt;riu -uthcritios for statomonts' are on filoo
'we
1

Div.siro n, Gtn-Our-.1
Cormnants aro

-iit£f

iirvNtle_

a;*rvnw;ad-.» ms nj

c,,;f>

9j/ational Guard Insignia;

Representation of the oun in of blue.) -feld

gold on dianrod

The Fortieth Division was organized in Septormbor, 1917, at Carap MeYxico, Ke&rxnyt Californiat from National Guarsd trooips of California, Newr, Utah, and Nevada, Colorado; Arizona, The orgeanization was as follows: 79th Infantry Brigade: 157th and 153th Infantry; 144th Machine Gun Battalion. O30th Infantry Brigade; 159th and 160th Infantry; 145thMabfane Gun Dattlionu 65th\Field Artillery 3rigade: and 145th (heavy) Field Artillery; 143d and 14-4th (light), Trench Mortar Battery* 115th
143d Machine Gun Buttalion. 115th Enzineeras SidLal Battalion, 115th Field Trains ,

in France to ge overseas arrived of the division unit The first LAugiut 31, 193'3, element the last 1913; Auvst L2, 6 s Engineers Artillery, fe in France, the divisipn Upon arrival a leXame Guerche (Gher), and tQ la 3att&aion) .was ordered Si-nal and Field was sent to the training ;rigade The 65th Artillery replacoment division, and the i3attalion, 'The 115th Field Si;nal Camp de Sou-e (Gironde)'. area at

in 115th En,ineers were detached from the division and parti.ipated
2d Army in the Toul Sector during October operations of the to the .'v-s transferred in November the division Sarly 1913 established Depot, w'ith hvbd^qarteqr as a iRegional Rieplacement Revigny (Meuse). Division Headquarters.returned to the United States in

the

4

and Novembarc, Army 1st at February,

The division had three commanding Major i;en. F. S. Strong (assi-ned) Brir, Gqena Geo. H. Caneron (temporary), Brig. Gen. Loe Roy S, Lyon (temporary), and Dec. 5, 1917 to Dec. 7, 1917; Brig. to Dec. 5, 1917,. Nov. 22, 191i
Battle

generals ae follows; Aug* 25, 1917 to April 20, 1919; 19, 1917; 17, 1917 to No Sep. 19, 1917 to 1ov. 22, 1917, Nov. Gen. Geo. H. Cameron (temporary),

40th Div* ' participation, 115th Field Signal B3attalion, Toul Sector, 16 Oct. A 11 Nove,, 1918, 115th Engineers, Toul Soeotr, France, 4 Oct, - 11 Nov,, 1918*

France,

RPIcwt, 11-24-20

hPLTeAm

12-17020

JiP0aL tc, in -<SS Historical Branch. War Plans Division, Ge1ner0l SJtarf whero eAthorities for atatomonts aro on file. ComGonnts are invitoled THE FORTY-FIRST DIVISION, ( National Guard; Insignia: setting sun in gold on red and blue field.)

The Firty-First Division was organized in September 1917 at Camp Greene, North Carolina, from National Guard troops of Washington, Oregon Montana, Idaho, Wyoming,'North and South Dakota, Colorado, New NMexico and the District of Columbia. The organization was as follows: 81st Infantry Brigade: 161st and 162nd Infantry; 147th 'Oachin-e Gun aLttalion, 82nd Infantry Brigade; 1 63rd and 164th Infantry; 148th Machine Gun Battalion* 66th Field Artillery Lrigade: 147tch ( light ) 146th and 148th ( heavy ) Field 'Artillery; 116th Trench Mortar Battery4 146th Machine Gun Battalion 116th Engineers 116th Field Signal Battalion. Trains* The first unit of the divisior to go overseas arrived in France, December 27, 1917; the last element Feb. 6, 1918. Upon arrival the division was designated as the 1st Depot Division, and was ordered to the St*Aignan training area, The 66th Field Artillery Brigade (less 147th F»A.) was detached and after a period of training at Camp de Souge and Libourne it vas attached to the 1st Corps July 1, 1918, This brigade performed duty as corps and army artillery througholut its service in France, and was actively engaged in the Champagne-Marne Defensive, .the Aisnle-Marne Offensive, the Sty Mihiel Offensieve and the Meuse--Argonne Offensive, After the armistice it was assigned to the Army of Occupation in Germanyt The division ( less 66th Artillery Brigade ) remained in the St ^ Aignan area until Feb, 1919 when it returned to the United States# The division had ten commanding generals as follows* Maj. Gen, Hunter Liggett,(assigned), Aug* 16, 1917 -Septo 19, 1917; Brig. Gen, Henry Jervey, (temporary), Sept, 19, 1917 * Dec# 6, 1917: Brig, Gen. Go,. LeRoy Irwin (temporary), Dec.* 5, 1917 - Jan, 23, 1918: Brig, Gen. Richard Coulter (temporary), Jan. 23, 1918 - Feb. 14, 1418.: Brigs General Robert Alexander (temporary), Feb. 14, 1918 i Feb. 27, 1918; Brig, Gen, Robert Aleixander bars 11, 1918 - Aprr. 13, 1918 : -;-ric* ban, Robert Alexander (temporary) Apr' 24, 1918 - Augw 1, 1918: Brig, Gen, Edward Vollrath (temporary) Feb. 27, 1918 -Mar, 11, 1918: Brig. Gen, Wm. S. Scott ( temporary) *Aug, 10, 1918 - Oct» 24, 1918: Maj. Gent John E, McMlahon,(assigned), Oct* 24, 1918 - Nov* 7, 1918: Brig. Gen. Eli Cole, U.S.M.C (temporary) Oct, 28,1918 a Dec, 27, 1918: Maj* Gen, Peter E. Tramb (assigned), Dec. 28, 1918 -Feb. 21, 1919tl

Battle Participation, 41st, Division.
(1) Champagne-i-arne Defensive, Franice ... ' V- a . .. Organizations participating: 14kth F.Ax 148th FA, 15 July -18 July, 1918.,

(2) Aisne--Marne Offensive, France .,..,......, Organizations-same as in (1) (3)St. -Mihiel Offensive , France, ,,..... OrGanizations-Same as in (1) (4) 'euaSe--T. gonne Offensive France '... *.. Organizations- same as in (1)
R - CS . . .

... 18 July - 6 Aug,

1918.

.,.,

I12 . 26

Sept,
Sept,

-16

Sept, 1918.
1918,

- 11 INov,

AR C-AS:

IZ/LO/2 0

.ovisod

to

3/30/21

PL: ogmn

-'rt'Pprl<.r'

in tt hec9 isti'c Hi sa Branch Wa r PlansDivisi;n Gonoral Staffn woro authori ^T frr statomonts aro on filoo C~nnjonts aro invitod*

1

TiE FORTY-SECOND DIV^tION
(National Guard. In ignia; Part i-colored quadp:i a-rainbow-,
ooO o--

repre senting part of

The Forty-second Division was organized in'August, 1917, at Camp Mills, personnel was composed of Nation|§* Guard troops from twenty Its New3 York. en'istments and later Indivigxl six S tates and the' District' of Columia

tatives of practicaly re"pr' replacements broought inlto the organ iation Stats in the Union, thus ma.ing this divisiom a truly composite, all-4 ever-yq ' Am erican vu.nit The orga ,ni.zation was as follows, 8Sd I nanty Br`igade: 165th and 166th Infantry; 150th Machine Gun Battaliono 84th infantry Brigade: 167th and. 168th Infantry; 151st Machine Gun Battalion# 149th Machine Gun Battal .ion.
67th Field Artii.lery BriJhgAde

.1t'h~ and '151t; Ilight), 15Cth (heavy) T.rsnch ,lortar Bawterya 17-7V'? Eng^r a ers . 117th i'ield Signal Battalion*'
Trai-ns*

Field Artillery; 117th

The first

unit ofi th4e division to go overseas arrived in France Novembor
elem.lnt Decnmber 3, 191-7

1,

19317;

the.,last

For training purp.,o. eq the-1 divisio-n (less artillery) was sent to theA Vaucouleurs Area, and "tl'.an to thE P*Ri.m~uconurt anid 1olarneot Areas, succ6ssivelyFor the same, parpo:e the axtil13.8^5- b-igPdoe went to Coet qu dan, rejoining th6 diVisicn on Rhe iRolampont. A-Qa tho middle of Febua.,ry With the exception of thres short periods when1 it supported thle 4+t,350., and 2d; Divisions,
successively, the arti,1jery Voperation-* througholut

brigade served continiously with the 42d Division

To complete its training the diviision was attached to the French 7th Army Corps in the Luneville Sector, february 21, 1918, ard its units participated:.in ras of major and minor importance} and tbhe routine of trenoh warfare On Marh 3lSt, th}e3 d:1.vision took over the Baccarat Sector relieving the ; 128th Divi~sion (FrPnch) i lines On Juine 21st, the,-division was withdrawn and proceedd to the east of Reims 2 where took part in the Champagrne;4a-Mrne De e:sive n Athe Fcurth French Arft.y tuner General Gouraudr The divrision occupied +,'the ;3upport line' but the Gercax) attack of Juily 15th penetrated the front--1 ).ne positions3 esnabbliJng the divis~iconts artillery, and a part of its infant y to become actiivrly engagpd in the operation. On July ;7th. the d.visioLon was withdrawrn and prnceeded to the Vicinity of Chateau Thierry. JLvuy 2ryh to AiTUgrust 3d, 19.1.8, trne division participated 'in the Aisne-Marle Offer.3ei-v as part of the lst Army Corps, ,3 capturing Croix Rouge Form- -aad Sergy,- and engaging in other severe fighting at ths crossing,-. of the'Ctirc(.,, In the Sta Mihiel Of fensive, Septe -ber 12 to 16t 1918, the division was in the attacking 1fne of the 4th Arm.n*y Ccrpf^ It remained in front line position in the Eissey and Pannes Scicto.r Until September 30th, when it was withdrawn aid mo-ved -to the region south of Verdun, and beca lme part of the *reserave'sof the First Army. ;' In the-Meuse-Arronne Offernsive, the division relieved the 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, in frcnt line. nor-th of Exermont on October. 13, 1918. Oi 4ctober l4th and 15tr tnhs'division attacked and captured Hill t88, Hill 242, TUiierie Fermu and t h.Cot; de Crlat'illbn, .thereby breaking through, that part; of the'Hi'rdenburg J.ino- knowzi as the fKrienilde StellungS, .On October ,31st the division was rfslieved by the 2d Division and passed to reserve of the Ist Army Corps# On November 5th the division again attacked from the > line Verrigres-^Briueull<E-sl-r-r Bar , and captured the; heights dominating the Meuse and Sedan on Novel1erC 7th. Q0 November O10th the relief of the division by the 77th Division was co4pleted. During operations the division took 1317 prisoners and its casualties totalled 13,'919After the armistice the division was assigned to the Army of Occupation and began its march on November 20th, The'first troops of the division crossed into Germany on December 2d Headquarters Wvere established at Ahrweiler and remained there until the division returned to the United 'States .
;.-t

»55

Division Headquarters sailed from Brest on April 17, 1919, and arrived at \TQw York on April 26, 1919, The division had five cmrnmanding generals as follows: Miajor Gene W. A. Mann, Sept*170 1917 to Decl4, 1917; Maj*GenoCharles T, IMenoher, Dec15, 1917 to Novo»10, 1918;,BrigGen Douglas. MacArthur, Nov&lO 1918 to Novr22, 1918; ,Ma;jGen, C A.F.Flagler, Nov.22, 1918 to April 8, 1919, and Maj,Gen* G.WRead, April 9, 1919 to April 17 1919,

COMBAT SERVIC

2

**IVISION

COMBAT SERtVIC£1, (1)

42D) DIVIESION^ 21 Feb. - 23 Mar*# 1918

Luneville Sector, Lorraine, France, 165th Infantry 166th " 167th " 1 68th h 149th Mac hine Gun Bat-ellon tf if 150th '
151st
tf

It

n

(2) (3) (4) (5)

I149th Field Artillery, 150th " " 15.st 1S " 117th Engi.neers* 117th Field Sign-al Battalion# Baccarat Sector Lorraine, France$ .Same as in (15 Esperance«»Souain Sector, Champagne, Same as in (Ij Champagnermlarne Defensive, France, Same as in (l) Aisnelwviarne Offensive, France(
165th Infantry

31 Mar6 France,

21 June, 19180 4 Jule 14 Fult
, 1918,

15 Jult -17

Julo, 1918*

25 July w 3 Aug.,j 19180

166th 167th
166t-fh

" "
1

149th Machine Gun Battalion ' 150th t
st 151" ,,

(6)

(7)
(8)

117th Engineers 117th Field Signal Battalion Aisne-Marne Offensive, France 149th Field Artillery 150th " t 151st " I St.Mihiel Offensive, France Same as in (1)
Essey and Pannes Sector, Woevre,

25 Jul.

6 Aug.,

1918,

12 Sept* - 16 Septa,
France,

191r
83

(9J

Same as in (1) MMeusevArgonne Offensive, Same as in (5)

17 Sept* - 30 Sept. t 1918,

France

1 Oct'

-11

Nov.,

1918.

Revised to 6-11^21 RPLllrw

-56 -

?rt]B,-'

-. ,'a

''hi

Hi-'t.

i

;Branch,

v-hury^

aiuE>

-"TI

.

for statomnnts aro ov t»o*

j-2.r Plans Divsiu,^ . ^, ^^ ror oiorx,.onts are iinvictu.

THE SEVblp ¢\\Tr-T -TXLATH DIVISION. (National Army4 Insignia: Shield with red field and white chief: charged in the field with a pine tree ond in chief with a white cadency label,)

The Seventy-sixth Division was organized in September, 1917, at ,a-ap Devens, IMass., from drafted men from Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New York, The organization was as follows:
151st Infantry Brigade;

301st and 302d Infantry; 302d Machnine Gun Battalion, 152d Infantry Brigade: 303d and 304th Infantry; 303d Machine Gun Battalion, 151st Field Artillery Brigade301st (light), 302d and 303d (heavy) Field Artillery; 301st Trench Mortar Battery, 301st Machine Gun Battalion,' 301st Engineers. 301st Field Signal Battalion,
Trains.

The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France, July 10, 1918; thae last element August 8, 1918, Upon arrival the division was designated as the 3d Depot Division, and ordered to an area south of Bourges with headquarters at St. Amand-Mont-Rond, where it was broken up, training cadres were formed and the perennnel wras used as replacements for units at the front, The artillery brigade trained at Clermont-Ferrand (Puy-de-Dome.) The 301st Engineers was detached from the division and assigned to duty with the 4th Corps under which it participated in the St. Mihiel offensives The 301st Field Signal Battalion was detached and assigned to the 6th Corps under which command it participated in combat operations in the Marbache Sector until the armistice. Upon completing its training the 151st Field Artillery -Brig&de (less 301st F,A ) was assigned to the 2d Army. On arrival in the advanced zone it was attached to the French Secon" Colonial Corps in the Troyon Sector, On November 5th it passed to the French Seventeenth Army Corps and as corps artillery supported the action of the 33d and 81st Divisions until the armistice. On November 13th it passed to the American 4th Corps, Headquarters and the division permanent cadre returned to the United States in December, 1918, The division had two commanding generals as follows: MIaj. Gen. Henry F, Hodges (assigned) Aug, 25, 1917 - Nov. 27, 1917; Brig, Gen. WTm. Weigel (temporary), Nov. 27, 1917 - Feb. 13, 1918; Maj, Gen, Henry F. Hodges (assigned), Feb. 13, 1918 - Nov, 11; 1918, BATTLE PARTICIPATION, 76TH DIVISIONO

301st Field Signal Battalion: (1) Marbache Sector, France,301st Engineers; (1) St. Mihiel Offensive, France, (2) Toul Sector, France, 302d Field Artillery: (1) Meuse Areonne Offensive, France, 303d Field Artillery; (1) Mouse Argonne Offensive, France,

25 Sept.

- 11 Nov.,

1918,

12 Sept. -16 Sept., 1918. 17 Sept. - 11.Nov., 1918» 5 Nov. 5 Nov. - 11 Nov., - 11 Nov., 1918, 19l8,

Revised to 3-21-21 APL-egm

I 7-

G C v the HistGorioal Branch, T(lar Plans Ii)is on, n ,ar CO' lrl;!tij to o nta Gro on fl oa r.ho rc a-iAh1ri;ios for st ViNDTTY- sEV.EN'ITHm D1i : .SIO THiE sE
prCpcarfE . in

ral StL.ff,
invited,

(National Army.
t

Insignia:

Facsimile of Statue of Liberty in a blue sky,)
^ ^ 0 . -

gold against

,

in August, 1917, at Camp The Seventy-seventh Divisi.on was organized drafted men, the majority It WAS composed of Nattional Army Upton, N.Y, ,.an Distra-ct .rn parti(,Ulpar. being from New York State, and the Yetropoli The organization of the country, The minority were drawn from all sections was as follors; 153d Infantry Brigade: Gun Battalion. 3005th a..nd 305th Infantry; 305th Machine * 154+h Infantr Brigade: 306th Machine G.un Battalion. '1.0 7th anrl 3 Seth Infantry; 152d Field Ar+;.illery BrigadeField Artillery; 3©a:th and 305th (lighlt),3©6th (heavy) zC'?d Tr.ench Mlvor-Cor Battery.. 304th Riach.:,n. Cun Battalion, 30)2-i E.ngir, e; ,,s 302d Field Si-nral Battalion, 12, 1918; unit of the division arrived in Franea April The first ay 12, 1918" the last, M was attached to Fox purposes of training the division (less artillery) was scn-,t to C-amp de Souge near For the sme ipu.:lpores the artillery briGa Sector July 12, and I; rcjoirwed the division in the Baccarat Bordecailx.
'On June lslh the division remained with i iu throughout combat oporaions. line in Vosges, and on Juno 21st entered the proceeded tb train to the the 39th Britil Bl.vision in the vicinity of aperlecqes (pasrde-Calais).

was r,it On 1USt 4 thit A with the Fronnhc f the HBaccarat Secto 'fr,-denl to le Charme where it e t7tDivision, and marched o relieved in line b the arda., 'utrust 6th f or the Ch'a.teau-rllnierry entrained theth oand relieved the 62d French On August i2thr the divisi7 n

south of and parallel Americar D;vision3 in the Vesle Sector on a line St , Th'ibaut and Villethrough

Dales to the Vesle River from Mont Notre five kilometers, direction of Fismes, a front of approxi.mately Savoye in the on Au-rust 1l'th, but it was not The Oise-Aisne Offensive commnenced the enemy helan to retire, that an until the first days of September, when On September 4, h the, hesle was crossed advance wAvs made by the division, taken, "When the division was-reand Bazoches, Fismes and Perlez were by Italian troops the line ran from lieved on the night of September 15-16 southeast to a point south of Glennese Vieil-Ar~cy through Villers-en-Pray res the Airgonne Sector, and on From the Vesle the division rabved to The at G.vry-en-Argonne. September 18th headquarters were established left flank corps of the' which was the 77th was assigned to the Ist Corps, corps w.ao assigned to the left flant of the lot Army. In turn the 77th Its line ran fro; Q point north of La Heazoe southeasteand sector. with the Argonne Forest directly east for a distance of seven lometers

irn its front,'

called for an advance The plan of the IMleuse--Argonne offensive 77th Division f or the purp Me by the troops on 'the rik~tt and left of the of flanking the forest, thus permitting the both bo advance, In the hut opposition initial attack of September 26th it advawnced rapialy) o+fered on both flanks

-the assiatance, stiffened on thevth, and ever. with The became increasingly di.f'inult.t the problem of forcing the forest hich tenderbrush wr aRad division fomught its way through hteavy wonds, al forded thle enc-tny many that covered a terrain oI hills and ravines 308th On October 2dl, ?>I7 co..a~pnies of tile obstacles and naturn: d'fenses. isolated nal became Infantry advanced farther than the flank units kl-thoujlrh surround~ed, these 11rill, from their qommf.and near Charlevaux held out a-~air-st every hardship until troops refused to surrender, but 9ih, the division began to emerge relieved on October,%,7tho On the St, =uvin from the forest, and in the 11th, the Mire River ap re~htd, and entered and Grand-Pre on the left was attacked day

severe fighting on Oetoter 14th, on the rii-,-t of the line was entered after the morning of Oo-tober

left the coi.-lete capThe relief of the 77th Division the same, the relioving unit, the 78th Div.ision. ture and consolidation of the town to 16th.

&2 -2

From October 16th to 30th the Division occupied a rest camp in the Air;onne Forest between Granld-prd and St Juvin, On the night of October 30-31 it relieved part of the 82d Division on a line just south of Champigneulle preparatory to the general PdvPnce, which took place November 1st. Stubborn resistance · as encountered in the w vicinity of Champigneulle, but.aftcr this town fell on November 2d, pursuit was rapid, and little resistance was nm.et, After reaching 'Stonne, the advance turned to the northeast, and on November 6th the IHeuse River and the heights overlooking Sedan were reached On November 9th the front occupied by the cdivision extended from Pont-Maugis three and one-half kilometers south of Sedan to Mduzon, a distance of approximately eleven kilometers, During operations the division captured 750 prisoners; its casualties totalled 10,497. After the armistice the division was sent to the 9th Trailing Area with headquarters es-tablished at Chaeteauvillain, Here it remained until it returned to the United St-ates. Headquarters sailed from Brest on April 17th, and arrived atr'-New York April 25, 1919# The division hlad four comnilcanding generals as follows: Maj. Gen, J. Frankli.n Bell (assigned) Aug. 18, 1917 - Mar, 28, 1918; Brig, Gen. Evan M. Johnson (temporary) Dec. 1, 1917 - Mar, 4t 1918, and liar, 28, 1918 - clay 8, 1918; .Iaj. Gene Geoo Bo Duncan (assigned), May 80 1918 - Au., 16, 1918; Brig. Gen. Evan M. Johnson (temporary) Aug, 16, 1918t ABg. 27, 1918'; lajj Gen, Robert Alexander (assigned), Aug. 27, 1918, to
demobilization,

BATTLE (1)

PARTItIPATION,

77TH DIVISION. 21 June - 4 iug,, 1918.

Baccarat ;Sector, France, 305th Infantry 306th t 307th " 3D8th " 304th Machine Gun Battalion I' s 305th 306th A t t 302d tnlineers 302d Field Signal Battalin (2) Baccarat Sector, rrance 304th field Artillery, . n 305th n 306th Ad (3) Vesle Sector, France, Same as in (1) (4) Oise-,Aisne Offensive, France, . Same as in (l) and (2) (5) Meuse--Argonne Of Xensive, irance, Same as in (l) and (2)
; * .
f

12 Jul
10 Jul, 16 Jul,

4

'Au 6.

t 1918,

12

Aug7.

4 Aug.,, 1918, 4 Aug, 1918. 17 Aug,, 1918,

18 Augs - 16 Sept,, 1918. 26 Sept.,
I

lt'i
_I,

t.o t 1918. ,»

~

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
,'

;.

-n

.

.

! . .,

Revised to Feb. 28, 1921 RPL-egm Rovieod RPL: ow
jtJun-

14,1921
-59"

i;n -;h Histrin,.1 Blerach, W<x PJans Division$ Gcunri.rl S-tnaffa Prjpjror' whoro authorities for statomtonts Efre alo Connonts aro invitody
THE SEVENTY(National Army. Insignia; rr; T DISI DII'E ON,

A lichtning

flash in white diagonally across

a red semicircle*)

The Seventy-eihth Division was organized in August, 1917, at Camp
Dixt N.J,, from National Army men of New York, New Jersey and Delaware,. later supplemented by additional' men from the New England States and Ilinois, The organization was as follows: 155th Infantry Brigade: 309th and 310th Infantry; 308th Machine Gun Battalion, 156th Infantry BriTgade: 311th and 312th Ipfantry-; 309th -Machine Gun Battalion. 153d Field ,Artillery Brigade: 307th and 308th (lighh;), 309th (hep.vy) -Field Artillery; 303d Trench Tor-tar 'Battery, 307th Machine G-un Battalion. 303d-Engineers. 303d Field Signal Battalion,. Trains, The first unit of the division arrived in France P-ay 18, 1918; the last June 12, 1918. Upon arrival the division (less artillery) was assigned to the :2d Army Corps, then operating with the British in Flanderso Training was begun in the areC around Mielles-les-Blequin, near the Ypres front, For the same purpose the artillery brigade was sent to Camp IMeucon in Brittany, It left Camp Aeucon on August 17ths and marched to the Toul Sector where .itTieved the ist Field Artillery Brigade on A-ugust 28^29, It supported the 90th Division in the St. Iithiel Offensive, and rejoined the 78th Division October 4th,. On July 18th the division moved to the Arras Area wjith headquarters established at Rogllecourt. On August 20th it left the British sector and moved to the 11th Training Area with headquarters at 3ourbonne-les" Bains (Haute-Mlarne), Inhile here the division was placed in the reserve of the 1st Army Corps, and thle march north preparatory to the concentration for the.St. Mihiel Offensive began' Headquarters was established at Ros e-esHenIHayet on September 11th, and troops vwere moved into positions supporting the 2d Division. The division re-alined in reserve until the night Qf September. 15th, whn it relieved the 2d Division, and on the following night the 5th Division, in the Limey Sector. The organization of this sector just taken from the enemy, and the frequent raids carried out to divert the attention of t'he enemy from the approaching Meuse- Argonne .Offensive, made its occupancy a particularly active one, and the division suffered 2107 casualties* On the nights of October 3*4, and 4-5, the division was relievecdfand. moved to the Foret £e la Reine. and thence to the Clermont-en-ArgonneAreao On October 10th it mnoved to the eastern bordier of the A2rgonne Fore t It was at this time a unit of tho with lhe;.c:.auarters c.t Varennes. 1st Army Corps, operatin, as the left flank corps. of the First Army. The 78th Division entered the line on the night of October 15th, relieving the 77th Division'on the line Petit Talma--Grand-Pr-From this position an attack was launcheac on uhevikres--jt. Juvin. October 16th with the Bois de.s Logresp, And Grand-Pr4 as objectives, The tow had previously been entered by the 77th Division, but it"was not until October 23d, after days of severe fighting, that the entire town including the so-called "Citadel", bi commanding point in the northern northwest of part, was cleared of the enemy,. On tle same day Talma i-ll, E^lesouthern part of the Bois de Bourgogne Grand-Pre, was captured, and The Bois des Loges was penetrated in the initial attack, was entered. but artillery fire fron the northeast, and from the Bois de Bourgogne, and flanking machine gun fire fronm Champigneulle and Bellejoyeuse Farm caused, such heavy casualties thcA on the nig;ht of tyc.rt;jcy ,i- 20th,. pursuant .--- to orders from Corps headquarters, the line was withdranl to the GhndPre-,-St,,. Juvin road,

* 2 -

The Bois de Bourgogne extending from Grand-Pre north to Boult-auxBois formpd a most serious obstacle to the American forces in the advance planned for the first bf November. The division was charged with the task of clearm ing this forest' of the enemy. This was accomplished on October 29 by exploding 40,000 yperite' shells distributed over a strip one kilometer wide along its eastern edge, except for one kilometer in the southern edge next to the position of our troops.. On November 1st H1ll 180 in the southeastern part of Bois de The capture of this position rendered the Bois des-Loges Bourgogne was taken, untenable. and on November 2 these wodds were completely cleared of the enemy, and tht jdivision pushed on capturing the town of Briquenay, advance elements entering the town of Boult-aux-Boist On the 3d Germont, Belleville surr-Bar, Authe, Chttillon-sur-bar, Brioulleswsur-Bar, and Verrieres were reached, and on the 4th les Petites Armoises was occupied, and a slight resistance offered at the Bois de Sy overcome, On the morning of the 5th the- town of Tannayr was occupied, The division less the.artillery and amlunition train, was relieved by the 42d Division on November 5, and moved south to the area near Sta Menehould& The artillery brigade supported the 42d Division prijthe 5th, then the 6th Division until the 9thrh During operations the division took 432 prisonerse Its casualties totalled 7,245* The latter part of November the division moved to an area in the Cote D'or with headquarters at Sem r en^Auxois. It moved to ports of embarkation the latter park of Aprilo Headquarters sailed from Bordeaux May 24, and arrived at New York Juno 6 1919, The division had four commanding generals as follows: MlajGen C'a se W. Kennady (assigned), Aug»Z3, 1917 - Dec&27, 1.917; MajoGen# Hugh Lo ScoLt (assignod) Dec,.6 1917 Mar.l5, 1918; Brig#Gen, James To Dean (temporary) Mar16, 1918 n April 20, 1918; MajGens James Ho McRae (assigned)e April 21, 1918 to demobilization, BATTLE PARTICIPATION, 78TH DIVISION 27 Aug, - 12 Sept,, 1918 and 17 Sept, - 4 Oct,, 1918

(1)

Toul Sector, France 307th Field Artillery i" " 308th 309th " St. MTihiel Offensivet France 309th Infantry t 310th 311th " 312th 307th Machine Gun Battalioan If i t 308th t t , 309th 307th Field Artillery t f 308th I t 309th 303d Engineers 303d Field Signal Battalion Limey Sector France Sage as (2) less artillery Meuse Argonne Gffensive, France Same as in (2)

(2)

1r Sept,
Av .

- 16 Sept*,

1918

(3) (4)

17 Sept,

- 5 Oct, 0 1918 1918

6 Octs- 11 Nov,,

Revised to 6-13-21 RPL: egm: ow

'P^-^,i
X incc

roJL: in the HistC r1c^l Branch,
(atihir-ties fOj-

Oar

Plans

l^i

.in,

stato nLts^are. on filoe. Cor=onts ave inae itc:, THE SEVENTY NINTH DIVaSiON (Nat ional .Army)

Clnor m(, Cl

Off,

(Divisional insignia: A gray Lorraine cross on a blue shield outlined
in'gray ) .

The Seventy- Ninth Division was organized August 25, 1917 at Canm Meade, Maryland. It was originally composed of National Army men from the states of Pennsylvania, Maryland and the District of Columbia. Later drafts brought men from iNew York, Ohio, Rhode Island and VWest Virginia* The organization of the division was as follows: 157th Inf-anl-try Brigade; 313th and 3.14th Infantry;
15 Sth Infantry b-rigade:

311th MIachine

Gun Battalion.

315th and 316th Infantry; 312th Machine Gun Battalion. 310th Machine Gun Battalion* 154th Field Artillery Brigadee: 310th and 311th (light) axd 312th (H.eavy) Field Artillery. 304th Trench Mortar Battery* 304th Field Signal Battalion. -304th Engineers, Trainsrls * The first unit of the the last,->August 3, 191el*
Th e d i v i si o n a rr iv ed

in

Fr a n c

e.

J ul y

12,

m

1 18

< an d

i ' di -# s i o n ,. l e s s t h e artillery, immediately went into training in the 10th Training Area.with headquarters at Prauthoy, fiaute-Marne. The artillery upon landing in France was s e n t t o L a C o u r t i n e (Creuso), where it remained in t r aini n g u n t il a f t e r t h e armistice and rejoined the division in January, 1919, in the Souilly Area, south of Verdun,

The work in the training area continued until September 8, when the movement to the front started. Moving by.rail to an area around Robert Espagne and Bar-,le-Duc, the division detrained and proceeded by trucks and mrching; on September 16, it took over the Tfont faucon, or 304th Sector (about 16 kilometers northwest of Verdun), relieving the 157th French Division. This dector was approximately. five.kilometers in width, but on September 22, in *anticipation of the Mleuse-Argonne Offensive, was contracted to about tWio and a half kilometers. While in this sector two enemy raids were repulsed,
. , .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~1

the general attack, captutring the towns of Haucourt and lvbalancourt on this date, The following day the stronghold Mf oontfaucon was taken, .The advance was continued throUgh the Boi-s de Beuge and the town of Nantillois. Three assaults against badeleine. Farm, a strong position on the southern edge of the Bois de Cun-el, failed to dislodge the eneIV. Af';er advancing ten kilometers during four days of severe fighting, on September 30, the division was relieved by the 3rd Divisinonc Upon being thus relieved, the division marched to the Troyon Sector ( 8 kilometers north of St. Ylihiel)' whore it relieved the 26th Division on October 8. This. sector ,etended from Fresnes-en-Woevref on the north to a point one kilometer south-.of'Do'oust-aux-Tercpliers, a distance of eleven kiloreters, At this time the division wras, under the 2nd Colonial Corps (French). Operations in this sebtor were' limited to patrolling and severe artillery activity, no offensive action being undertakenl On October 26 the 33rd Divis.-on relieved
M .ontagne

on September 26, the division as a part of

th e

5th Corps participated in

the 74th Division in

Sectr

tlhis sector,

29th Division and a part of the 26th Division or October 30th. The front of this sector was about sevenr ^.,kilometers wiidi and in the form of a ouadr -t, i the left flank facing north and the right- flank facing east. It this sector the division was under the command of the 17th Corps ( French). On Novembter 2, the di v i sion o p ened bthe final offensive b an attack to north writh its left flaLk. On November 6 after severe hand-to-hand fightingthe Eorne-de-Cornouiller (Hill 378) as captured. The attack was continued, c h an&ing on ovember 8 to an easterly/direction, and by that night the heights from

sevnteen kilomters north of Verdun, where it reliev ed the

wvvhen it

proceeded by

narchaing to the Grand6-

79th, Division 2nd pages Ecurey to Crepion had been captured^ On the night of November 8th, the division sector limits .were changed to include Etrayp on the north and voirey on the south, This found elements of the division at Ecurey, and it was necessary to execute a flank march of four and 4 half kilometers at night through thick underbrush and woods in order to be in position for the. attack at six o'clock the following miaornings On November 9th tle towns of Crepion, Wavrille, Gibercy, Etraye and .Moirey were capturedA By tne night of Novemrnber 10th, Hill 328, the town of Chaumont-devant-Damviller and H:.il 319 had been taken, Ville-devant-Chaumont was taken on+ November Itxi alnd St the hour of the armistice .the troops were advancing up the western slpc;eo o; the ;$tU de Romagne, with the enemy falling back along the entire fron' From November Ilth to December 26th the division remained on the battle front, taking over a front extending from Damvillers on the north to Fresnesen-Woevre on the south, for patrol and police# On December 10th, the headquarters, Headquarters Company and 3rd Battalion, 314tb Intgotry proceeded to an area around Mohtmedy, Steray and Virton (Belgium) for purpose of guarding property, listing material and maintaining order, On February 1, 1919, this detachment rejoined the division in the Souilly area,

o

Moving to the Souilly area oouth of Verdun on Decemaber 27th the division found itself completely assembled for the first time in France, when it was joined in January by the artillery brigades The division moved from the Souilly Area duyipg the last days of MIarch' to the Fourth Training Area northeast of Chaumont, around Andelot and Rimaucourt, where it was reviewed-on April.12th by General>Pershinhgi The movement from this area to Nantes and Sty Nazaire bogan on April 19th, thieartillery going to St. Nazaire and the infantry to the vicinity of Nantes and Choleto Division Headquarters sailed from St. Nazaire on iffy 18th, 1919 and arrived at New York City on play 27th, 19191 / The division had one permanent commander and two. temporary commanders as follows Major'General Joseph -E Kuhn (Assigned) August 25, 1917 until * ' * . , ', /demobilization, ~~' Brig#Genesral WOmW NRtcholson (Temporary) November 25,1917 -Febt 17,1918, BrigGeneral Evan fM Johnson (Temporary) Feb, 1, 1919 - Feb, 28, 1919. During operations the division captured 1,120 prisoners and suffered 7,457 casualties* . COL.AT SERVJICE SMIE.r.NY-IT4TH D.ItSIQ._ (1) meuse-Argonne Offensive, France --------- 26th Septa Organizations*participatings -3 313th Infantry *314th a 315th a} . 316th 310th Milachine Gun Battalion
3311th
t

;, 1

... :.. ^ Ot»»e9l8

'

IT

312ti " , ,, 304th Field Signal Battalion,
(2) ileuse-Argonne Offensive,France ---26 Ojept, - 8 Octfc, 1918

Organ iato3 s - parti'Cipating; 304th, Engineers (3) Troyon Sector,'France -- *---8 Octt Organitations participating:
.Same as in ()

- 25 Oct,

19186*

axd (2)

(4)

M!Aeuse-ArgQnne Offensive France --29 Oct, Organiz vations parti cipating Same as in (1) and (2)

- 11 Nov*,

1918

RCC/kc rst *rfay 180 1920

-. '.c.-vibod 6*13*21

rP^y:a in -bHc 'l t:i.StC-:iC 1O r "rnl, T- r Plin' Pivci.n, Cc^er L 'St:ft, C whoro auth rities f.r statomnts Eiro on filoa Comroots aro invitod, THE EIGHTIETH DIVISION (National -Arm) (Divisional insignia: three blue peaks on a shield of khaki.)

The Eightieth Division was organized August 27, 1917, at Camp Lee, Virginia, It was composed of National Army men from the states of Virginia, West Virginia and western Pennsylvania. The organization was as follows: 159th Infantry Brigade; 317th and 318th Infantry; 313th Machine Gun Bn, 160th Infantry Brigade: 319th and 320th Infantry; 315th Machine Gun Bn, 155th Field Artillery Brigade: 313th dnd 314th (light), 315th (heavy) Field Artillery; 305th Trench Mortar Battery. 314th Machine Gun Bn, 305th Engineers, 305th Field Signal Bn, Trains. The first unit of-the division arrived in France May 23, 1918, and the last June 18the The division, loss the artillery, iLmediately went into training with the British in the Samcr Training Area a few kilometers east of Boulogne, The artillery.was first sent to Redon, near St, Nazaire, but completed its training at Camps do Coetquidan and Meucon. The brigade did not rejoin the division until September, 1918. After a short period of training at Samer the division moved to the Third British Army Sector, with 'headquarters at Beauval, Second line trenches between Albort and Arras were occupied, During this neriod fr o nt lin e trenches were also occupied by battalion units. One battalion pariticipated in an attack in conjunction with New Zealand troops, and one with the 38th Welsh Division. The division wan relieved in this sector on August 20th and moved south to the 14th Training Area lying between Chaumornt and Clatillon-surSeine. Here it remained until AuCust 31st. On September 1st the 80th moved by rail to the Stainville area, and later marched to the Tronville area. While in the latter the division composed the reserve of the First Army during the St. Mihiel Offensive. The 320th Infantry and 315th ICachino Gun Battalion were attached to the'2d French Colonial Corps and actively participated in the operation. The 155th Artillery Brigade rejoined the division while in this sector. On September 14th the 80th was transported to the vicinity of Ippecourt and placed in the 3d American Corps, On the night of the 20th it moved forward preparatory to entering the Meuse-ArTgonne Offensive. In this operation the 3d Corps, with right resting on the Meuse Rivers operated as the right flank corps of the First Army, The 89th Division was assigned to the center of the corps front, The division line on the morning of September 26th ran east and west directly south of the town of Bethincourt. Using its position on the river as a pivot the corps was to swing its center and left to the north and east so that its line would parallel the river, The 80th Division moved to the attack on the morning of the 26th and immediately captured Bethincourt and by noon had overcome resistance in the Boi& de Forges and the Bois Jure. The enemy's resistance stiffened in the afternoon and the division was subjected to severe artillery fire from the east bank of the Meuse River, During the evening the Army objective near Dannevoux was reached and the right of the division rested on the Meuse, the left extending along the north edge of the Bois de la Cote Lemont. The 318th Infantry had been dispatched to the support of the 4th Division on the left of the 80th. The 155th Artillery Brigade was also placed at the disposal of the same division while French artillery served the 80th+ On October 3d the 3d and 4th Divisions were drawn apart for the purpose of creating a new sector for the 80th, The new line ran through Nantillois with the strongly fortified Bois des Ogons directly in its front. Two battalions of the 318th Infantry were returned to the division to assist in the coming attack.

99t;» up

and the.Bois des Ogons The ofTmtlsivia uwas xesumd on OCOioz' 4 6 that this formidable position was ^^r entered, but it was not unwil nnea The advance continued and by nightfall the line extendnd finally overcorae Another On the 9th the town of Cunel was entered. to Ville aux Bois Farnm of the division was unable attack was launched ontthe 10th but the left to advance, while the right made only slight gainse to The 80th was relieved on the night of October 11 and moved routh Triaucourt Area where it the Forttlde Hesse and thence on the 14th to the was placed in Army reservev and on On October 13 the division was transferred to the lst Corps until the the 23d moved to the vicinity of Les Islottes where it remained relieved the 30tho On this date it marched through the Argonna Forest and between Sty 82d Division as the right ofIthe ist Corps on a line running Georges anll Sty Juvtin In the attack of November 1 the right of the division reached the Butane y-Bayonville road but the left could get no further than Al1eiponto own artillery The artillery of the 82d Division was now serving the 80tho its having been left with the 3d Corpse A flank attaok to the west on the morning of the 2d permitted the left to advance to Verpel and Thenorgueso On the same day Butancy was to the north of the towns attacked and a line.established enemy was now rapidly withdrawingp and a vigorous pursuit ensued* The resistance OH the 5th the Stonne Beaumont road was reached and the slight The 80th now hala the was quickly overcome. encountered at Wtarniforet road from a point 1 kilometer west of Warniforet to BeauStonnewBeaumont own of Yoncq was A During the afternoon of the 5th the mont inclusive. taken. On the following day the 1st Division passed' through the 80th and to the the latter then retired to Somauthee On November 8 it marched Here on the 12th moved to the Les Islettes Area# CornayrApremont Area and at which time the division moved by mfarching to it rested until the 18th, the 15th Training Area southwest of Chatillonwsur-6eine* The 155th Artillery Brigade rejoined December 5 after having served successively with the 80th, 4th, 5th and 90th Divisions, without reliefs for a period of 48 days. On March 30» 1919, the 80th started for the Le Mans area and upon Here it remained until arrival headquarters were established at Econaoy* countryo its return to this The division captured 1,813 prisoners and suffered 6,132 casualtieso Headquarters sailed from Brest, May 17,01919 and arrived at Newport News May 26 '199, The division had four coimmanding generals as follows: Maj*Geno Adelbert Cronkhite {assigned) Oct.9#1917 to Decll1 1918, and April 11, 1919 to May 26, 1919; Brig.Gen' Lloyd Mi Brett (temporary) St Farnsworth (toemporary) Nov.26, 1917 - Dec*27, 1917; Brig*Gen* Chase Lloyd Mi Brett (temporary) Jan.2, 1918; Brig.Gent Dec*27t1917 - Jan,,l 1918 -March 1, 1918; Maj* Genf SD. Strugis (assigned), Dec,12.1918 April 10, 1919* COMIBAT SERVICE, 8BOTH DIVISION 25 July o 18 Aug.# 1918 (1) Picardy sector, France, 317th Infantry " 318th t 319th t' 320th 31fth MaIchine Gun Battalion

314th

"

AI

t

it 315th 305th Engineers 305th Fiold Signal Battalion (2) St¢Mihiel Offensive, France Same as in (1) (3} Mouse Argonne' Offensive, Frane Sanie as in (1) and' 313th Field Artillery 'r " 314th ' " 315th

12 Sept, 2r Sept,.-

14 Septu, 1918 11 Nov*, 1918

Revised to 6s-13-21 RPL:egm: cw

ProareiL -In tho Historioal Brunch, War Plans Division, C!Lnoeil Staff where authorities for statenonta are on filog Co=mmonto are invited, T1E E IGHTTY-FIR6 TJDIVISIO1 -0 .

(National Guard. Insignia: Silhouette of wildcat in varying colors acoording to the different branches of the service,)
^*^oo,-I
. .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~· .

,

,

Eighrty-first Division was organized ' Camp Jackson, S.C. in 1917, from National Army drafts from North and South Carolina, Florida, Illinois and New York. organiz ation was as follows; * 161st Infantry*Brigade; 321st and 322d Infantry; 317th ilIachine-gun. Battalion, 162d Infantry Brigade; 323d and 324th Infantry; 318th Machinesgun Battalion# 156th Field Arxtillery Brigade, 316th and 3317th (light); 318th(heavy) Field Artillery; 306th Trench Mortar Battery. 316th Machine-gun Battalion* 306th Engineers* 306th Field Signal Battalion* Trains4 The first unit of the division arrived in France August 15 1918; the last element August 25, 1918* For training pur;poses the division (less artillery) was sent to the 16th Training Area with Headquarters at Tonnerre$ (Yonne) For the same purpose the artillery brigade 'was sent to Valdahn b(Doubs)" did not parti' It cipate in operations, but rejoined the division ihn November, 1918* The division proceeded to the Vosges on Septomber 14t Arriving September- 20 it took over.the. StDie Sector and'remained in front line from September 20 to October ^10, 191&8, as part of the French 33d Corps, and later as part of the French 10th Corps. Command of the sector passed to the Como manding General, 81st Division on October 2, On October 19, it moved to the vicinity of Rambervillers- (Vosges), and from there to the' Somredieue Seotor southeast of. Verdun where it was in the reserve of the French 'ij;i- Colonial Corps. On Nov3mber 7 it passed to the French 2d Colonial Corp;j and relieved the Americain 35th Division in line' From November 7 to November 11, it participated in the Yleuse^Argonne Offensivet attacking in the Wievre plain east of Vordun from November 9 to 11, 1918, and capturing Moranville, Grimauw court and Abaucourt During operations the division took 101 prisoners, and its casualties totalled 1224t On November.17 the division wap relieved from Sommedieue Sector', ;4d moved to the Chttillon-surmSeine training area, with headquarters at Mussysur-Seine, where it remained until May 2d# when it was sent to the Le Mans Embarkation Center preparatory to returning to the United States* Division Headquarters sailed from Brest June 1, 1919, and arrived at New York June 11# 1919v The division'had three commanding generals as follows-i BrigsGhenoChas* H* Barth (temp.), Aug. 25, 1917 " Oct.8, 1917- Maji Gen* Chast J, Bailey (tmp*), Octt8t 1917 - Nov.24, 1917; Brig.Gen.Chas. Hp Barth (temp,), Novi24,1917 - Dec,28, 1917, Srig*GenG Geo. WV! 1J1cIver (temp.) Dec,28, 1917 * March 11. 1918, and Majs Gen. Chasf J B.ailey (assi ecl.) March 11 1918 ^ May 31, 1919* BATTLE PARTICIPATION, StoDie Sector, France, 321st Infantry . 322d 323d 324th 306th Engineers 316th Miachine gun Battalitn 317th - ' t 318th 306th Field Signal Battalion Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Frafce Same as in (1) EIGHTY-FIRST D VISIOi" 20 Sept. -19 Oct,,

The September, Tennessee, The

(1)

1918

(2)

1 Nov. - 11 Nov*,

1918,

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R^Lv ogm;atla

6-17-21

PrTh.; -^:1 i S v,-hcz alh: riL.-cs

H^itT rJiii-i, ^ach, ar.Plan ricdt hla Plf, s Sta:r for statoements arO on filoe Counonts aro invitd,
EIGHTY SE COCiUD DIVISIONT

(National Army.

Insignia; Letters "AA" in gold on a blue circle, the whole superimposed on a red square.)

The Eighty-second Division was organized it Ca'mp Gordon, Georgia, 'in August, 1917, from National Armn men from GCorgia, Alabama, and Tennessee. At a later date the majority of these men were transferred to other divisions their places being filled by drafts from Camps Dodge, Travis. Devens, Upton,' Dix, Meade,. and Lee, so that the organization became a truly composite "allAmerican" unit as suggested by its insignia] The organization was as follows; 163d Infantry Brigade: 325th and 326th Infantry; 320th Machine Gun Battalion., 164th Infantry Brigade:; 327th and 328th Infantry; 321st Machine Gun Battalion#

157th Field Artillery Brigade: ' 320th and 32i'st (l.ight); 319th (heavy) Field Artillery;

3C7th Trench Mortar Battery,

307th Encrineers * 307th Field Signal Battalion. Trains, The first unit of the division arrived in France May 3, 1918; the last element July 12, 1913. For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to > Escarbotin Area west of LbbeviJlle where it was attached to the 66th the British Division, For the same purpose the artillery brigade went to La Courtine (Creuse). It rejoined the division in August, 1918. The d i vi s i on l e f t Escarbotin June 16, and on June 25 it relieved the 26th Division in the Toul Sector, where it was brigaded with the French until July .17, upon which date comrma.nd passed to the Commanding General 82d Division. On August 9 it was relieved by the 39th Division and proceeded to the vicinity Of Toul with headquarters at Blenod-les-Toul. On August 17 it relieved the 2d Division in the Marbache Sector astride the Moselle River and held this sector in the St* Mihiel. Offensive September 12 to 16, 1918. while retaining. c on t a c t wi t h the French 125th Division on the right it advanced the left of its line to maintain connection with the 90th 1ivisionr.which attacked on its left. It captured Norroy, Sep-bmber 13th, and Vanaieres September' 15th, During these operations, the 328th Infantry suffered substantial losses by artillery fire from east of the Meuse. The division was relieved in the Marbache Sector by the 69th French Division on September 21, and proceeded to the Triaucourt Area, southwest of Verdun, on September 24, where it was in the reserve of the 1st Arnmy preparatory to taking part in the Meu:se--Ar;,onne Offensive. It passed to Corps reserve on O4tober 3 and moved noi-thwest of Verdun where it entered 1st the line between the 1st and 23th Divisicns in line north of Varennes on the night of Ocfober 6. The imps-tus gained by the American Army had spent itself in ten days of hard fighting and the advance through the -Areonne
be driven into the enemy flank west of the Aire River and north of Chatel Chehery. If the thrust accomnlished its purpose, 'the Argonne Forest would be cleared and the w a y o p e n e d f o r a substantial Ajnerican advance. The E2d and 23th Divisions made the attack ort October 7 against bitter resistance and on-October 8 the success of the operation was assured. Enemy pressure in the Argonne Forest was relieved and a general advance by the American Army followed On October 9 th e 2 8t h D i v i s i o n was relieved by the 82d Division and the attack up the Aire Valley was resumed, elements of The outstanding features of this phase of the operation were the capture of Cornay October 9 and 10, Marcq, Otober 10, the piercing of the KriemhildeStellung northwest of Sommerance Oc-toHber 14, and the capture of St, Juvin and its surrounding .heights Otober 16. The division was relieved onOctSorest and up the Lire Valley had come to a stop. The high command determined upon a bold and hazardous expedient. A surprise flank attack must -

319th Machine Gun Battalion,

ober 31 by ledment. of the 77th cind C"Oth Divisions, and moved by successive stages to the 10th 'Iraining Area with headquarters established at Prauthoy (Haute-Nlarne) In Mar.ch it moved to the vicini-y of Bordeaux with headon November 15, 191(^ qtarters at Castres preparatory to returning to the United States, During' operations the division took 045 prisoners- Its casualties totalled 71546* Division Headquarters sailed froma Bordeaux on Kay 9, 1919i and arrived at New York, May 20, 1919*

The division had five conimmanding generals as follows: Major General Eben Srft (assigned) Aug.25., 1917 to Nov,24, 1917; Brig# adier Gener.l James .1; Erwin (temnporary) Nov,24 1917 to Dec»260 1917; Brigrdier GenieraL Williaii p, Burnh=m (temzorary) Dec.26, 1917 to Marob 22, 191v; Brigadier General' Marcus D4 Cronin (tempc;rary) March 22, 191Q to March 27t 191£; Brigadier General -Willianm P Burnhsun (temporar-) Marrh 27, 1912 to May 13t 191:; Major General William P. Burnhui (assigned) 2iay 13, 191S? to October 5, 191l; Major Generfl George BO Duncan (assigned) October 5, 1918 to demobilization ^

COMBAT S'tVICE, EIGHTIY SECOND DIVISION.
(1) TOUL Sector# France
Orgcanizations participating;

25 June -9 Aug.,

191.»

325th Infantry <y 326th 1 327th tt 32n,-th 3C7th Field Signal Bn, UL Sector, France (2) } Organizations participating* 319th Machine Gun Bn. TOUL Sector, France (3) Organi z ations participating: 320th MIachine Gun Bn. t t 321st t MARBACHE Sector, TOUL, France (4) Organizati ons p*aricpating 325th Irfantry '326th Inl fantry '327th Infantry ,323th Infantry 307th Engineers 319th Machine Gun Bn* * 320th Machine Gun Bn. . 321st Machine Gun Bnr 307th Field Signal Bns hMARBACHE S6ctor, TOUL, France (5) Organizations participating: 319th Field Artillery 320th y l 321st I (6) ST MIHIEL Offensive, France Organizations participating 325th Infantry t 326th ' t 327th 320th . '307th Engineers 319th Machine Gun Bne 320th t . " t t' 3-2 lst 307th Field Signal Bn, 319th Field Artillery 320th Field Artillery

1i.

July-9 Aug»,1910.6

14 July-9 Aug.,

1918,

*

i7

Augo-LL Sept, 1.91 *

19 Augell Septo,1918G*.

*12 Septs".16 Septo 191^*

486

82d Divtc "* 3 321st Field Artillery MEUSE-ARQONNE Ofeensivo, France Organizations participating: Same as in (6)

.(7)

26 Sept* - 7 Nov.

1918,

Revised to 6L3w»21 RPL IDI;h cw

Pic-p;rc "I.ill Historical Branch, War Plans Division, Gomnoral Stauf, where authorities for stqpmonte nre on files Comments are invited, THE EI(-jiTYT "HIRD DIVIrSION* (Natienal Arityr.

Monograp forging the word "Ohio", yellow on a black triangle)
JM«WM«-»«MQ*rriifoiw *

Insig.ia:

in
' *

The Eightymthird Divisidn wa$ organized at Canp Sher;:an, Ohic4.in Sepa te.nber, 1917, fro,.i drafted ren of Ohio, West Virginia, and western Pennsylf vaslia, The organization was as follows: 165th Infantry Brigale: 329th and 330th Infantry; 323d IMachine GunxBattalion 166th Infantry Brigade: 331st and 332d Infantry; 324th Machine Gun Battalions 158th Field Artillery Brigade: 322d and 323d (light), 324th (heavy) Field Artillery; 308th Trench Mortar Battery* 322d Machine Gun Battalionip 308th Engineers# 308th Field Signal Battaione Trainse The first eler*ent of the division arrived in France, June 1, 1918; the last arrived June 28, 1918, It was designated as a depot division anl ordered to the Le Mans areas The 332d Infantryt the 158th Field Artillery Brigade, and special unites such as the Engineor and Signal troops, were detached, anti the remaining units provided replacements from their own personnel and trained additional personnel for replacements to coabat divisions at the fronto The 49th Infantry, upon its arrival in France the latter part of July, was sent to the Le Mans area where it took the place of the 332d Infantry in the division* DETACHED UNITS* 332d Infantry: .Hue 332d Infantry'was selected to represent the Anerican forces with the Italian Army, and entrained for Italy via Miarseilles July 25, 1918, With the idea of strengthening Italianl norale and weakening that of the Austrianss battalions of the regi-ent visited different sections of the front daily, to create the inpression that a vast body of A1erican troops had arrived. The regirment was attached to the 31st Division, 14th British Army'Corps, 10th Italian Aray. Fror- the 27th to 29th of October it assisted in establishing bridgeheads across the Piave River, anl froi;- October 30 to Novei-.ber 4 it took part in the pursuit of the Austrians, On Ncveriber 4 the regiaent reached the Tagliar.wnte River near Valvasone, crossed the river in the face of rLachine gul fire front front and flank, and pushed forward ten iiles to Villaroba where it ovas when the Austrian armnistice went into effect. The regimnent rev ramined in Italy until March 29 when it returned to'the United States, units sailing frou Genoa March 29, and fron Marseilles March 29 and l April 4, lift ^ n - -"-»«... 158th Field Artillery Briga e:; Upon arrival in France the brigade.was temporarily in a billeting area in Illeset-Vilaine, but early in July it was sent to Caup Coetquidan. Hlaving completed its training just prior to the beginning of the Meuse-Argonne offend Sive, the brigade was sent to the front. Brigalse Headquarters, the 3&2d Regir.ent, and the 308th Trench Mortar Battery arrived in tine to take part in the initial stage of the offensive# September 26, as part of a provisional brigade supporting the 91st Division between Avecourt and Vauquoiss On the night of October 3 the brigade arched to the Bois de Nixeville near Verdun. On the 6th and 7th it took positions behind Cote de Talou along the banks of the Meuso and froa Octobor 8 to 29 it supported the 29th A,-rican and the 18th French Divisions in their attacks east of the Meuse, On October 29 the brigade was relieved and a;signed to the 32d Division, then in reserve of the 3d Corps, Ist Arny, On the night of Novei-Iber 9 .* 10, the division crossed the Meuse and entered the line, attacking in the vicinityr of Brandeville and Peuvillera. During this operation the 158th 'Brig!ade furnished the artillery supports It remained with the 32d Division during the nlarch into Ger;.any and served with this division in the Arnay of Occupation until it returned to the

)76d

United States the latter part of April,

1919*

3P8th

gnfiineery/:

. The regimrent arrived at La. Havre on June 17,1918p On June 20 it was broken up, the several units being assigned-toy-duty in the Service of Supplyo On July 20 it was assembled at Changey (HauteJilarne), and on the 22d was assigned as corps engineer^ First Army Corps. From July 28 to August 6 it participated in the Aisne-Marne offensive, and from August 7 to
September 9 operated in the Vesle sectors On August 13 therFirst-Corps was

withdrawn from the Vesle and the regiment passed to the Third Army Corps with which it remained during the remained of its stay in the AiEFv Early in Septenimber the concentration of forces began for the contemplated Teuser Argonne 'offensive, and on September 9th the regiment left the Vesle sector and proceeded to the area southnest of Verduni, On September 26 it advanced to Esnes. From this date until the armistice it participated in the Mleuiae Argonne offensive advancing with the Third Corps and performing road work until November 6, From this date to November 11 the regiment was engaged in constructing a series of bridges across, the voeuse River at Dun-our" eIousoe After the armistice it became a part of the Army of Occupation where it remained until its return to the United States in June# 1919* 308th Field Signal Battalion: The battalion was assigned as corps signal battalion of the Third Army Corps on July-7 71918* It arrived at Charteves (Aisne) in the 3d Corps area on August 4i and performed active duty in the Aisneoparne offensive until August 6* From August 7 to September 9 it operated in the Vesle sector, taking part in the Oise-Aisne offensive August 18 - September 9. The battala ion participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive¢ as corps signal battalion from September 26 to November 11, 1918, and after the armistice continued duty with the Third Corps in the march into Germany; and in the Army of Occupations The divisionls permanent cadres returned to the United States in
January,1919.

Major General Edwin F* Glenn commanded the division from the time . of its organization until it was demobilized COMBAT SERVICE, 83D DIVISION9 (1) "Aisnesarne offensive, France: 308th Field Signal Battalion. 308th Engineers (2) Vesle sector, France, 308th Field Signal Battalion 308th Engineers (3) OisseAisne offensiveg France, ftame as in (2)
(4) Meuse-Argonne offensive, France,
<4

Augo ' 6 Aug,,1918 28 July u 6 Augr, 3918* ' 7 Augo 17 Aug#' 19184 18 Aug*r 9 Septo*l918o
NaV, 19180

26 Septa-w 11

308th Field Signal Battalion

308th Engineers 322d Field Artillery 323d Field Artillery * 324th Field Artillery (5) Vittorio-Veneto,Italy: 332d Infantry
*
¥

27 Oct. - 4 Nov0,l918

\\

Revised to 6-17-21 RPL:rst;cw -71

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THE EGHTYt-FOURl'THI DI;VISION (National Army: Insignia: Red axe on a white background within a red circle; the word "Lincoln" over the axe and the number Q841belosr it *) The gighty-Fourth Division was organized in August, 1917, at

z

frym drafted men of .Kentucky, Indiana, and Camp Taylor, K:entuckyI up other 2lli.nois* The di.v sion w;as depleted ifc fill southern organizations and when it charng,34 station to Carmp Shern.an, Ohio, in June, 118, it was again rLaised to authorized.' strength, the

greater part
was aS
follows:

of the recruits coming from Ohio.

The organization

167th. Infantry brigade: 333rd, and 334th. Infantry;
168t h Baettalion. Infantry Brigade:

326th Machine Gun

335th- and 336th, Infantry;

327th

Mlachine Gun

Battalione -Brigade 159th. Field Artillery and 326th (,light), 327th (heavy) Field 325tht 309th4 Trench Mortar battery. Artillery; Gun Battalion. 325th. Machine 309t h* Engineers. > 305th- Field Signal Battalion. : Train element of the division The first October 25, 1918&O 1918; the last arrived in France, September

21,

PerigeuX was sent to the West iThe :division.'(less .artillery) 'near bordeanux.with headquarters established at Area(Dordogne) brigade was sent to Neuvic on September 28, 1"18. The Crtillery rs were transferred to the;. j(09t-h EnrineeIn OCtob-;j CamTip de Sougeo The rem.a.nder of the dIvision ; w;,rk ionsuco t. iMaa.e, or s a1_t T#he e. rep laements for conrba; t unit pto plroi. ivas brok-ei uy, froXit and: arl4y. .n lo em;e-r ,. h?-adquarteIrs and the perfmaonent cadres -to Le ians ' They retiurned ta o0f organizations we re translrred : . . the United States in Jauiamry' lc19' The division hEad two comrrmandin L generals as follows; : 3 ri g G~en Wilber E. Wilder,(temorary) AugE25,1917- Oct 6 ,1917Nov l1,1918* sgnod) Oct. 7} 1917 . Maj. Gen. Harry CIO iHa l,(as Revised ta 3/21/J21 ' RP / t h rst .

t
'

'

,

. 'i

.

Propc.rc'l in -"hi,i-:.--t r ick Branch, Vyr Plans Di.i:ion, (ctrl;`l staff, Cornsex;nts .reo invited, whor.oe authodri-tic for statorem'nt are on fileo THE EIGHTY--FIFTH DIVISIONS

(National Army.

Insignia:

Monogram CD in red.)

The Eightyofifth Division was organized at Camp Custer, Michigan, in

men of Michigan and Wisconsin, The organizaSeptember, 1917, from dr w tion mes as followrs: 169th Infantry BXgad© 337th and 33 h hfantry; 329th Machine Gun Battalion, 170th Infantry Brigade; 339th and 340th Infantry; 330th Machine Gun Battalion, 160th Field Artillery Brigade: 328th and 329th (light); 330th (heavy) Field Artillery; 310th Trench M~rtar Battery. 328th Machine Gun Battalion, 310th Engineers; 310th Field Signal Battalion Trains The first unit of the division arrived in France July 26, 1918; the last August 12, 1918 The 339th'Infantry, the slet Battalion 310th Engineers, the 337th Field Hospital, and the 337th Ambulance Company were detached on arrival in England and were sent to North Russia as part of the allied force under British command which operated from Archangel as a base. The forward position oew cupied by the allies extended for a distance of approximately 450 miles. These, however, did not form a continuous line but were a series of occupied positions at vital points more or less fortified. The American troops oco cupied most of' the front line defenses and bore the brunt of the fightings They were engaged in hard active service extending beyond the Armistice. The division (less artillery and the units detached in England) proceeded to an area in the Loire Valley with headquarters established at Pouilly (Nievre) on August 14th, It became the 4th Depot Division. The artillery brigade went to Coetquidan where it remained in training until There it was split October 22d, when it moved to Rimaucourt (Haute-Marne). Field Artillery being attached to the 92d Division, the 329th up, the 328th Field Artillery to the 4th Corps, and the 330th Field Artillery'to the 2d Corps* The 310th Engineers (less 1st Bn,) was detached and assigned to the 5th Corps on September 9, 1918* On November 23d it was transferred to the 7th Corps, Third Army, The 310th Field Signal Battalion was detached August 20th} and was asstned to the 4th Corps, Both engineers and signal battalion served in the Army of Ocupation, The 3d Battalion, 340th Infantry4 was detached and assigned to duty at a tank school, Early in November the nucleus of the division was assigned to the Second Army* It was 6ent to the vicinity of Toul and designated as the 2d Army Regional Replacement Divisions Division Headquarters sailed from Brest March 22, 1919, and arrived at New York March 30, 1919* The division had five comnnanding generals as followsMa;j Gen. J. T. Dickman (asa0e7d), Asug, 17, 1917 - Nov. 24, 1917; Brig. R
Gen,

James Parker (assigned), Deo* 1;» 1917 - Feb. 21, 1918; Brig, Gen, B, C. Morse (temporary) Feb. 21, 1918 ' Feb, 27, 1918, and Maj. Gene Chase W, Kennedy (assigned), Feb. 27, 1918 - March 31, 1919,
COIMBAT SERVICE, St.- Mihiel offensive, France, 310th Engineers, Cos, D, E and F* 310th Field Signal Battalion. (2) Toul Sector, France, 310th Field Signal Battalion. (3) Meuse*-Argonno offensive, France, 310th Engineers, Cos. D? E and F. (4) North Russia 339th Infantry, 1st Bn,, 310th Engineers, (1) 85TH DIVISION0 12 Sept, * 16 Sept., 1918,

So

W. Miller (temporary),

Nov. 24, 1917 - Dec,

13,

1917; Maj.

Gen.

12 Sept, - 11 Nov., 26 Sept*
"

1918. 1918.

11 Nov,.

4 Sept, 4 Sept,

18 '18

- June 16, 1919
June 27, 1919*

Revised to March 9, 1921,
RPLagm
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.rroynrco wi,;h.i~

in
'irT..

re

.r^l-

H1-t -;Cl. ThYCh, ,c..; ,. r 1 R !;-.;. ,,... i f .- 'taato;ar:>lnts art on file. Coirolnts nro ie n1Vtol,..

t

,

/

EIGHTY- SiXTH DIVISION (National Ary: Insignia: A black hawk and monogram "BH" superimposed on a red shield.) The EightySixth Division -was organized in August, 1917 at Camp Grant, Illinois, from drafted men of Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota. The organization was as follows: 171st Infantry Brigade; 341st and 342nd Infantry; 332nd Machine Gun Bn. 172nd Infantry Brigade: 343rd and 344th Infantry; 333rd Machine Gun Bn. 161st Field Artillery brigade: 331st and 332nd (light), 333rd (heavy) Field Artillery; 311th Trench Mortar battery 331 st Machine Gun Battalion* 311th Engineerso 311th Field Signal Battalion,
z*

1918;

t u n it o f t he division arrived in the last on October 9th, 1918.

The

f ir s

France on September 2lst,

The division was sent to the vicinity of Bordeaux (Gironde) and headquarters were established in St. Andre de Cubzac. The infantry and machine gun organizations were greatly depleted to form replacements for combat units at the froznt and on November 8th what remained of them were ordered to the Le Mans area.. The permanent cadre comprising the skeletonized division headquarters, infantry regiments and machine gun battalions returned to the United States in January, 1919. The 311th Field Signal Battalion returned in January and the 311th Engineers in June, 1919. Upon arrival in France, the 161st Field Areillery irigade went to Le Courneau (GCironde) where it remained until its return to the TJnitedl Stated in January and February, The division had five commanding generals as follows Major General T. H. barry (assigned) Aug.25, brig.Gen. L.W.V. Kennon (temporary) iNov.26, and March 21, 1918 - April 18, 1918. 19171917 Mar.21, Feb. 1-5, 1918. 1918,

Major General C. H. Martin (assigned) April 18, 1918 - Oct.21, 1918. Zrig.Gen. L.C. Andrews (temporary) Oct.21, 1918Nov.l6, 1918. Major General C. H. Ballou (assigned) Nov.16, 1918Jan.27, 1918.

FPIghww

Revised to April 26, 1921. -44."

Prtep<re 1 in -hti Hi.-% .ric*al Branch, War Plans Division,, Gienaoral Sti.ff, ;huir>; a;uthr;ities for statorzmnts aro on filo» Corraents aro invitodn THE EIGHITY-SEVENTH DIVtISION (National Army. InsigniaBrown acorn on a green circle
a^
Get^ o*-Vite-

)

The Eighty-seventh Division was organized at Camp Pike, Arkansas) in August, 1917, from drafted men of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, After providing detachments for replacements abroad the division was reorganized with recruits from other camps, and upon transfor to Camp Dix, New Jersey, in June, 1917, approximately 20,000 drafted men from New York and New Jersey were assgned. The organization was as follows: 173d Infantry Brigade: 345th and 346th Infantry; 33S5th MIachine Qun Battalion, 174th Infantry Brigade: 347th and 348th Infantry; 336th Mnchine Gun Bn, 162d Field Artillery Brigade: 336th (heavy) 'Field Artillery; 334th' and 335th (-ight, 312th Trench Mortar Battery. 334th Machine Gun Battalion, 312th Engineers. 312th Field Si-nal Battalion. 'Trains. ' The first element of the division arrived in France Au.gust 28, 1918; the last September 16, 10183 The division was reported to the Commanding General, 5.0,SS· for Headquarters were established at duty the latter part of September, Pons (Charente Inf rioure) on Septmber 12th, The organizations were but the distributed through the base and intermediate sections, SIOS.,S unit, and when the division did not lose its identity as a combat armistice was signed, it was under orders for service at the front and the headquarters and headquarters troops were actually in movement on November llth. Division headquarters sailed from St, Nazaire Januaty 10, 1919, and arrived at New York January 22, 1919, The division had three comnanding generals as follows-: 18, Maj. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis (assigned), Aug 260 1917 - NCrv 1918; Brig. Gen, Robert Co Van Vliet (temporary), Nov4 27, 1917.Dec. 11, 1918 March 10, 1918; Brig, Gen, W, 'F. Martin (temporary) January' 9, 1919.

Revised to 3^16-21 RPL-egna

propcirr 1 in -bc. 'Hlv: r .- c ;l Branlch, Vi;r !-lans Division, GevCerl o; :3f, aro invit o¢le cL f..l r stato ent o aro on filo# Comr mont f ; Thro B.u1't-1 i DIVISIONc T'HE E'IGTY-EIGHT5'H (National Army, crossed at right angles Two solid figures "8 'Insignia: a four-leaf clover,) resembling

The Eighty-eighth Division was organized at Camp Dodget Iowat in

Sep

tember, 1917, from National Army drafted men. of North and South Dakota, supplemented by drafted men from later Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois, The organization was as follows$ Missouri and Nebraska, 175th Inf ntry Briga.de; 349th 6nd 350th Infantry- 338th MIachine Jun Battalion. -176th Infantry Brigade: 351st and 352d Infantry; 339th Machine Gun Battalion, 163d Field Artillery Brigade' 338th (lignt) 33"th and 339th (heavy) Field Artillery; 315th Trench Mortar Battery, 337th Mach!ine Gun Battalion, 313th Engineers, 313th Ficld Signal Battalion, > Trains, units embarked for overseas on tugust 9t 1%18; the last The first units arrived in France September 7, 1918 was ordered to the 21st Upon arrival the divli.3ion (less artillery) The Training Area with headquarters esta'lished at Semur (Cote d'Or), School at Clermontbrigade was sent to the Artillery Training artillery It never served in the division again Ferrand in the south of France, and retqrned to the United States in January, 1919, On September 14th the division was placed under the command of the to the Hericourt Training Area Seventh French Army and moved by rail For administrative purposes alone the division fort. (Haute-Saone) near Be]

was under the 7th American Corps with headquarters at Remiremont*
On September 23, 1918, the division relieved the in the Center Sector, Haute Alsace, with Headquarters sector It held this Montroux Chateau on October 7th, became a part of the 2d American Atmy, when it 1918, 38th French Division established at November 2, until One brigade was

placed in reserve of the 4th Corps, the remainder of the division being in Army reserve with headquarters at Lagney. During operations the division captured 3 prisoners; its casualties totalled 118.
On November 29th the division moved by marching to the First Training

Area at Gondrecourt (Meuse),

On April 15,

1919,

the division was trans-

On April 26th it passed to the command of the Army. ferred to the Ist return to the United States, preparatory to its Commanding G(eneral, S, O.S, on May 21, 1919, and arrived Division Headquarters sailed fromn St, Nazaire at Newport News on June 1, 1919, The division had four comc-anding generals as follows,

Maj,

Gen, E.

H. P.-ummer (as-i:ned)c

Aug * 25,

1917 - Nov.

26,

1917;

Nov7, 27, 19:7 - Feb, 19, 1918; Miaj. Gen. Brig. Gent Rb N. Getty (te-po,. r:r) Feb. 20, 1918 -'Mar. L4,.1918; Brig, Gen. R, IS E, H. Plmmer (assigned), Getty (temporary Beach temporary), Weigel (assigned), 15# 1 133 -- MIay 23, 1998; Brig. Gen. William D. May 24, 19P8 - Sept. lO, 1918, and Maj. Gen, William Sept, 10, 1918 - June 15, 1919,
PM.e^

COMIBkAT SERVICE, (1) Center Sector, naute"Alsace, 349th Infantry < t 350th 351st t 352d 337th Macbhine Gun Battalion 338th T 339th 313th Engineers 313th Field Signal Battalion
;

88TH DIVISION, 12 Oct. - 4 Nov., 1918,

France,

I

.v

" *,,

................ "'

.

.....!i .

Revised to Marn 3, 1921 AUwvisod to 6071*21 . RPL-egm Cw

Prepared in thc Hilstorccrl 3ranch, Iat pl-a:-r Divii.>, oLnoi cfi'j Whro authorities f r stat'omonts aro on filoW Conrmonts aro invitod

*THE EIGHTY-NINTHI (National Army.

DIVISION,

Insignia: A black W' surrounded by a black circle,)
* , .

The-Eighty-ninth Division was organized in August, 1917, at Camp Fuuiston, ansas Its personnel wus composed of National Arrnmy men from the States of Kansais, i-issouri, Colorado, Nebraska, 6outh Dakota,
Arizonar, and iew Iexico lv
*

The organization was as follows: 177th Infantry Brigade: 353 a:: ?54th Infantry; 341st 14achine Gun Battalion, 178th IrnfenrIy r Iga.;dge; 35?;-;.; n ln 356fth Infantry; 342d aachline Gun Battalion. 340th iMa;hinc Gln Pattalion, 164th FiAld ARtil. ery Brigade: 340thi and 34lst (light), 342d (heavy) Field Artillery; 314-L t Ti.rench i Hortar Battery, 314th Engineers, 314th Field Signal Battalion, Train.The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in Junell,1918; the last element July 10,o 1918. France,

For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the 4th Training area with Division hieadquarters at ijeynel* For the same purpose the artillery brigade went to Camp de Souge, near Bordeaux, It rejoined the division immediately'after the 6aint-tLihiel Offensive, gperating with it until the relief of the division in the Euvezin sector on October O.,1918, when' it rermained in support of the 37th and 28th Divisions, successively, until the armistice, It rejoined the Eightyninth Diivision on the march into Gerrany,
vn 4ugust 4, 1918, the division began the relief uf the 82d Diviw sion in the quiet Liucey sector- north of 'oul, comnpleting r-he relief August lQth, 'T'he division operated under the 32d Corps, 8th French army until August 20th when it passed to' the 4th- army Corps of the newlys organized First Army (JAerican), In the iaint-ilhiei offensive the division op(rated on,the right flank of the 4thCorps/ featuring in the capture of Bois de iIort^i-ar6, Bouillonville, Euvetin, Beney, and Xrammrs.

The iieuse-.rgonne Offensive was initiated on September 26,th T'he division was relieved in the Lucey sector by the 37th Division on October 9th, and proceeded to the Iecicourt area as part ot the First Army Reserve. On October 20th the division relieved the 32d Division in front line 'Under the 5th Corps it participated in the operations until the armistice, encountering and overcoming particularly stubborn resistance in the capture of Pois de Bantheville, the heights of Barricourt

and the crossing of the IMeuse River the nicht

of INJovember lOth-llth.

During operations the division took 5,061 prisoners and its casualties totalled 7,291, After the armistice the division was assigned a tohe I'rmy of Occupation, and began its march on November 24th, The first troops of the division crossed into Germany on December 5th, at Pchternache Headquarters was established at Kyllburg, and remained there unrtil the division retturned to the United States, Division Hieadquarters sailed New York on iviay 31J. 1919* fromt iorest on Liay 19- and arrived at

The divislon had three commtianding generals as follows.: iviajor General ijeoiard' Wood, august 25, 1917, to November 26, 191S; brigadier General Frank Lu Winn, iovemnber 26, 1917, to hpril 12, 1918; Maj or

M2-

i'Gneral Leonard Wiood, General Frank L. Winn, W.'iw.Wright, September Lo Winn, November 12,

April 12, June 1, 6, 1918, 1918, to

1918, to J,une 1, 1918; Brigadier 1918, to September 6, 1918; Major General to November 12, 1918; iMajor General Frank

dermobilization»v

0 **

COMBAT SERVICE EIGHTY-HINTH DIVISION* (1) Lucey Sector, Toul, Fraice, 10 Aug-jll Sept.,1918, Organizations participating: 353d Infantry, 4 354th " 355th 356kh t * 314th Engineers 340th Machine Gun Battalion, 341st , » , »» 342d baztalion Signal 314th hield 6 Saintwiiihiel offensive, rrance, 12 *ept.-16 Sept<o1918 * purticiputiagg; Organizations Slane ap in (1), .o .. *,-'L;»9 OCtr Euvezin Sector, ''oul, France, 17 Sept/ Organizations participating6 Sume as in ( 1)« Euvezin Sector, 'foul, France, 17 Septoll Novj,1918* Organizat ons participating: ^340th Tield'Artillery, t ' 341st t 342d , Nov.,1918* lieusa-Argonne Offensive, Zrance, 19 cit-ll . Organizations porticipating; Same as in (1)o

(2)

(3)

18

(4)

(5)

RPL' egm
4/8/20 $8 rvi4fld t ,6-13-1

Prepared by the Historical'Branch, War Plans Division, General Staff, where authorities for statements are on file. Comments are invitedo THE NINETIETH DIVISION (National Army Insignia; Monogram of the letters T and 0 in Red) The Ninetieth Division was organized in August 1917# at Camp Travia, Texas* Its personnel was composed of drafted men from the States of- Texas and Oklahoma. The organization was G-sfollows; 179th Infantry Brigades 357th and 358th Infantry; 344th Machinewgun Battalion 180th Infantry Brigade: 359th and 360th Infantry; 345th Machineogun Battalion 343d Machine-gun Battalions 165th Field Artillery Brigade 343d and 34Ath (light) 345th (heavy) Field Artillery 315th Trench Mortar Battery 315th Engineers 315th Field Signal B'attalion Trains The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France June 23' 1918; the last element July 17, 19l8. For traiMing purposes the division 'less artillery) was sent to the Dew partment of'Cttv. doOr, with headquarters at Aignay le^Duc. For the same purpose the artillery brigade went to Cnamp Hunt at Le Courneau (G-ironde)l It did not participate in operations but rejoined the division after the armistioc on the march int-o Germany, On August 19, l)l8, hlhe division moved to the vicinity of Toul with heads quarters established <at Gordreville. This move was scarcely completed when the division was ordered to olreive the lst Division in the line in the Villers-a onwHaye Sector north of ToQui 'vrhich relief it completed on August 24, 1918# The division participated in the Saint Mihiel Offensive September 12o16, 1918, occupyijg the extreme right of the attacking force in the 1st Army Corps# and forming the pivot upo6l which the advance was made south of the Saint Mihial salient with the 82d Division on the right holding its front astride the Moselle River * The divirsion rammned in line in the Puvenello Sector until October lOtht during Xwhich period it engaged in raids ofmajor and minor importance, and participated in demonlstration condrlucted against the enemy simultaneously with the initial attack in thon losou-Argonne Offensive, September 26v 1918a On October 10th it was reliovedby the 7th Division, and proceeded to tUe Blercourt area west of Verdun in the reserve of the 1st Army# On Octpber 17th it passed to the reserve of the 3d Army Corps and on OCth ober 22d relieved the 5th Division in line near Romagnesouswontfaucon* It remained in front line attacking until the armistice$ November 11, 1918* The outstanding features of this operation wrere the piercing of that part of the Hindlenburg Line knovmn as the Freya Stiellung., and. the crossing of the Meuse River, in which 14 villages were captured in an advance of 22 kilometers against organized defenses During operations the division took 1876 prisoners and its casualties totalled 7277, After the armistice the division was assigned to the Army of Occupation and began its march on November 24th. The first troops of the division crossed into Germany on December 6th, Headquarters were established at Borncastel December 21st, and remained there until the division returned to the UnitedStates . 'bivision Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazairo on IMay 28, 1919, and arrit#-4 at Boston, on June 7^ 1919, The division had 5 commanding generals as followst Major Goneral Henry T. Allen (assigned August 25, 1917 November 24, 1918; Brigadier joined Septonber 17, 1917) tto

General J.A. Caston (ten;poiary) November 22, 1917 to December 27, 1917 ; Brigadier General William H. Johnston (temporary), December 27, 1917 to March 1, 1918; Brigadier General J»B. O'Neil (temporary) November 24, 1918 to December 30, 1918 and Major General C.H. Martin (assigned) December 30, 1918 to Miay 28, 1919. CMBAT SERVICE, (1) NINEiTIETH DIVISION
*

Villers-en-Haye Sector, France 24 Aug Organi zations part i cipat ing: 357th Infantry 358th 359th 360th 315th Engineers 343rd Machine Gun battalion 344th h 1 345th 315th Field Signal Battalion.. Saint Mihiel 0-ffensive, France Organizations participating Same as in (1)

11 Sept.

1918.

(2)

12 Sept, - 16 Sept.

1918

(3) Puvenelle Sector, France, Organizations participating: Same as in (1) (4) Meuse Argonne Offensive, France Organizations participating: 'Same as in (1)

P7 Sept

- 10 Oct. 19180

13 Oct.

-

11 Nov,

1918.

fPL- egm 6/1 /20 Bevised to 6/13/21

Prc-., rc'l inhe ,thL i8rical Branch, War P'lanrs Divisio, (.,.noral Staff' i-.rhc'rc7 r.uth iries for statoyrnts are on fi.lo, Coi.;nonts are invitedt

THE NI:NETY-FIRST DI .;ISIG:N, (National Army. Insignia: Green fir tree)

The Ninety-first Division was organized in August, 1917, at Camp Lewis, Washinlrtor,, from draft men fronlm the states of California, Washington, Oregon), Nevada-, Utah, Idaho, Montana, and Wryoming and the territory of AlassiO.a

The.orgarization was as follows; 181st ln.'.'antry Brigade ' .36:.st I.r.d -52d,- Infantry; 347th Machine Gun Battalion.

182d

Tnfa.ntry
d6.3'

r

^a zd;

anfantry; ai d : 541;h

166th F-i.ol]d Ar-9.i..ery Br igade .%'-,

348th Machine Gun Battalion.

3463th and 34 h (~.lgh\t), 348th (heavy) Field Artllery; 3J. 6-'I Ti j.rs h iinc;;.& t.h' Battory. 346th Mach:L,.ne Gun Eatt..aiOon,
316th El1g ineers

316th Field Signal Batta lion, Traine, The firs-; uni.t of the division arrived! in France July 20, 1918; the last elerment July 29, 918. For tr i .. n fg purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the 8th Training Area in the Departe-iaent of Haute-Marne with headquarters at Mont.tg -Vrl --Ri:j. For the oame purpose the arJillery brigade went to Camp de Soure'Gi-onde) , and C erpi:Gn-*, Ferrand kpit-dCl-D3'rns)e It never rejoined thie d- vii-,on nor ,id it participate in cc-bat operations, On September Ith the division Ifc, tleC training area and moved to the vicini ty ot Goi.dlrc oourt wi th !Iea.ouarter-s at thatt p.ace, It was assigned to. the reserve of the ist Arner jc an Army during- the St. Mih'iel Offensive and headqquartors were 1;st al . -i -sh a-c SOi^CJV. SeptebLber 11, 3.9- 8 (i The success of the Sc, MiJ.iel Of ensive boii - assureu the concentration of troopi preFjaratori to the iMuseArgonne Offensi.ve began during the stabilj.zation of the lines in the St. Mihiel SaliE-nt, The 'div ision moved to the Vavincour-s area Sentember 14, to the vjc.-r.ity of Autrecourt September 17, and. on Septeniber 20, it wMas concont.-ated in the Forct de Hesne. On Septemnber 26, it attacked. Gon a frCnt, extending from Vauquois to a poinlt about three kilometers east therPof Passing through the Bois de Cheppy it made an advance of about eir-ht kilometers capturing the towns cf Very, Epii!onvill , Ecliseon-'aine and Gesnes. The troops vwere withdr,-awin fLrom the las-.naomeu pace, a neit and shorter line havinT been es+,ablishfcd by thie colrpq; the rest of the Tround (ained was held against stron- -counterattacks and on October 4 the division was relieved by the. 32.;. DI vi.i..on and went to the v-a.izni y o f C)ntrisson, On October 6 the 18ist B-Igaae was attached successively to the 1st and 32d Divisions ana particjpa..+. F:d in the att.ack until relieved on October 12 when it- rejoineid t; 1 di.-;i an. 4 On October 16' the divis-cn entrained for Belgium. Arriving October 18 it was placed at the disoosa:. o' H. M. the King of Beli.um commanding the Group of Armies in Flanders, and was assigned to the French 7th Corpt, The division relieved tbhe'FTennh. 164th Divisiion ini line October 30 and participated in the Ypres-Lys OrffnSrive October 3. vlomber 4, 1918, During this operation it attacked and held Spitaa). Boscl-en a strongly fortified wood, captured the towtn of Au4der.arde and drove -the enery east of the Scheldt Riverr On November 4th the div; sicn -tJas relieved in line and withdrew to the area east Of Vive St. Eloi writhl hcadqtarters at Oostroosebeke, On November 8 itt passed from the itrotich 74h Ctrps to the French 30th Corps and entered the Tro.t line again Novemb-r ljp e.,paraatory to
the resumption of the attack- and: the crossing of the Scheldt

During the operations aikd division took 2,412 prisoners. Its cas-. ualties -totalled 5,778. , After the armistice November 11, 1918, the division remained in Belgium until January when it moved to the Le Mans Embarkation Center preparatory to its return to the United States. Division headquarters sailed from St, Nazaire April'6, 1919, and arrived at New York April i6 1919,

River.

The division had four commanding generals as follows Major General Henry A. Green (assigned) August 25, 1917 to June 19, 1918; Brigadier General James A, Irons (temporary) November 24, 1917 to December 25, 1917; Brigadier General F. S. Foltz (tenporary) pecembe 25, 1-917 to March 2, 1912, and June 19, 1918 to Au-ukt 31, 1918; Ma'r General William H. Johnston (assigned) AuFust 31, 19i8 to demnobiliz tion.
COha3AT SERVICE,

NINETY-FIRST DIVIS

ON* - 16 SeIt 1918,

(I/:) St. Mihiel offensive, France, 361st Infantry^ n 362d 363d I' t 364th 345th Machine Gun Battalion. T 347th A a 348th t' · b 316th Engineers, 316th Field Signal Battalions (2) Meuse--Argonne offensive, France* Same as in (1) (3) Meuse--Argonne offensive, France, 361st Infantry. tt 362d 347th; IMviachine Gun Battalion. (4) Ypres-Lys offonsive, Belgium, Same as in (1) (5) Ypres-Lys offensive, Belgiumg Same as in (1). (1)

12 SeppL

26 Sept, 8 Oct,

-W, Oct'.. l 918.c
- 12 Oct*, 1918.

31 Oct. 10 Nov.

- 4 Nov., - 11 Nov.,

1918. 1918.

Revised to 3-30C"21 RPL-egm IRc . soO. to 6/17/21
C'q7I

-82 -

:., .]i;'ar ic .... i.l t& YI- II roa O ro 1 inn th aro o- f/ ".^hcrc authoritiOs fo o-',&t' m6A'rm o , (Nationhtl Arny C, *
r v1 .

,i^' v.

b

G ncral StUft

Co

tvited^

^.,:

7 e9'Tt. i4

loloN
l tlack circle on oliVe

or d, -

sigh.a; SI

St.balo An d.at fielid,) d.

The Nillety-s,2co n d; DivisLon was organized in October, 1917,1 at Camps from Funstont GraIt, 1pcige, Upton, 1Mleade and Dix from National Army drafts assembled at Camp Upton, all par'ts of thie-ftunited States The division was N.Yol in June, l^ib3+ ThA orgsf14.zation was as follows: d attr 183d TnfLn y Bri grade 365tV- and 366t-h Infantry; 350th Machine-gun Battalion#
nlfattry 1Brigade; 367th and. 368t; Infantry; 167th Field Arti lery Brigade: 184th 351st Machirw-gun Battalion*

349th a-d 350 th ( ig-lt); 351st (heavy) Field Artillery 3317th Tr. nch1 Mortar Batt ery 349th Mviachine-gun Battalion. I3r'il 317th Ensi-rlC 317th Fieid Signal BattnSlon* Trains, Thae fi~rOt unit of the divition arrived in Frante June 19, 1918f tho last, element Ju1 18, 1918, For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the'
(reuse ame purpose th'e artjil.^y bri r&dE w-lin ' La Cortine h For the a the division inr -thLh i\arbac-he S c't or (Lorrain)- Cct, 21, 1918t It reioined On .Agust 11 th^ divirsio ^ent *tc thc Vus->s 8viih head quart era at Bruyeress On August 24 it commetnced the reljier of the 5th DivJ sion in the St4 DBi mainnd in line until sepo m Sector,' completing the re.lief A Agust 3:L I t tG -che vicinity of Triju ourt (Meuss)* tember 21, "th~n it prOceqd-d r.atry arnuJhe artil' the 368 bhI Oxn September 25 t hg clivis-on, 1esP, lery brigade constituted' he reserve Argonne Offensivie' and tras acsel of the 1St A6rmd. (Corpc ,1\ the- Meuse le in th e-woC, ncrthOv/et of G01r1nnt, llth
Traininr A r) aa wi'-,.n headquarters at," Bourbonrenjes Bsint3 -'(Hute-Wlarna)

gn R1 2o to CctobVr ^,. Ariry Sey.i 4th Army and- the .Amricran 1. 0 .rxieery anb.rg,;,ade, ie &;^rt-y es C orS September 29th th\ d i7i£ sion 1 - hi . 3Ctih Frenc h Army Corns dj ,-sp o S.X, the engineersowas .'a<d at < re0s'rVe of the French Phe t w ere iJ. foe operating-, in the Apo<n re pFo'n e^tbo;1 3 jt was rel ieved and pl aced .1pt Dismounted. CavJ^y Division. .r~my 6id assi^^.d at 1st Corps ReserveT Ai erifj at the disposal c-f 11:^ l Cc r ca A- nZ^ aiid proceeded to the .<r r, on October 4 itL w-s as~ignaed, to the 4l i .-elieved the 49th French Division in of To.i).l\v 2 onr O-october 9 it vicinity o o the *6th C--ps on Crp? the Marbache Sector, . It pa,,,sed f^oom +'-4r, i^c
'% The divicio.n pParticipated in, th®, attack of the .2d AmericanOctober A rMy November 1 -- 3 1 1'13^ ope^rating wvt. of th Selllle River along the heights on both bank,; o0 t-l iAlOe; I"ea Pi>v er. in thvi diect ion of C. rnyo D~nur.Sg *'operations the di.vision took (8 prisoners,- and its casualties . totalled 1642# After tbe armistic-e the divi sion remained in the oc-upied area utE1 tho middle of DectrLiber w/h P n i t proceeded to .he Le Msnn Embarkation Cantel. , turn to the United Statts, preparatory to ' its 'rElDivision

The 368th Infantvry fo ,m:ed a part of the, conat .aia; -^bat

wI r. theo French

iea4quar tans sailed from n.est on February ,71 1)19

and

arrived at New Yor& en Februlary 17, 1919.,
commandinT generals as foilovs.re^ The division- nd Maijor General Charles .C Ba.14u from October 30, 19.7'to Novemsr 16 19183'Major General Char es Ho Ma-t:n from November 16, 19318 to December 1 - 3, 1913;' Brigadier General J4 XI Erwin from December 13, 1918 to February

7

w

e/' 1919;

\ , bept t 1918,

COMBAT SERVICE NiNhY-SECOND DIVISIO (l) Sto Die Sector, Vosgos) Fxernc0 . 29 Aug, - '2 Organizataions. pareicipatin g; 365th-Infantry* ' 0 366th 367th - J * 360th 349th Machine"gun Battai ont t t 350th . . 9' 351s 317th Enginierst 317th Field Signal Battalion,

365th 366th

Inf2atry "
lt

*et'> g

.
.

6 ~

ScEPt * Sopt 4

35'7th

26

I 92~ I 191& i'Ac14 tt 1918* w 4 Oct, - 29 Soptct 19i8,

a.,

.,

26 Machine Gun Battalian 3491.t tt 3 50-th . " 226 26 351st 26 317th Engincors 26 31ith Fisld Signal Battalion (3) Mouse Argonno Offonsivc* (Cha.pagno ) Franc , 30 367th Infantry 26 ~ r 368th 30. 349th Machino Gun Battalion 30 f o it 351st 30 317th Field Signal Battalian Lcrraino, Franco# 9 (4) Miarbacho Soctor, loss 317th Enginoors Saoe as in (l) (5)' Marbache Soator, Lorraino, Franco$ 23 349th Fiold Artillory * " 350th " 351st

19184 In 29 Soput, w 4 Oct#^ 19184 Sery 4 Pt

^ 29 Soptt
soptco

1918*
1918*

Soptt

w 11 Noyv, * 29 Sop0to

1918*

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Sopti Sept Oct

Sept;

Octs

Oct* s Y4 Oct», s 4 Oct* U 4 Oct »v *. 4 octal 11 Ne1s W114 Novto

19180
1918» 1918» 1918»

1918,
1918,

Oct» - 11 Nov», 1918*

Revised to 6-13*21 RPLsegn ow

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Prepared in tho Historical Brancht Wea Plans Divisior, Gonoral StaffS whoro authorities for statormonts aro on Vilo» Cornrxants aro invitodo NINETY-THIRD DIVISIONS Colored. (National Ammy. Iasignia; A French helmet in circle.)
*o moo "orm

blue superimposed on a black

In compliance with War Department instructions orncmization of the 93d Division was begun at Camp Stuarty Newport News# Vat, in December, 1917. The nucle'us of the division was composed of men from Connecticut, the District of Columbiaj Illinois, Marylando Massuchusetts, New York, Ohio, Tennessee, and South Carolina, The diviscn was never fully organized, only headquarters and the 185th and 186th.' Infantry Brigades being formed. The Commanding Generral assumed command of the division at Camp Stuart, Newport News, Va., in December, 1917, at which time the infantry regiments of the organisation wsre stationed at various widely separated posts in thre United Sta;us5 Upon arrival .in France toedqua.ers was stai-ioned at Durssur--Seine (Aube) pending the arrive and as3sembly of the u.rnits of the divisions 'These unite, however, consisting of tho 369thn 37%th, 3;lst and 312 Infaxttry Regiments were brigaded with the French Army, and in May, 19-8, the personnel of headquarters was attached to the 1st anJ 4r3] Di.visions pendiingr the courgbwjpJlated re-assembling of the 93d Divibsion. It was ;aever rewatssembleod, although never formally dissolvedt and its history therPfore resolves itself into the histories of . its four infantry regiments. 369TH INFANTRY. This regiment was organized in April$ 1917, as the 15th New York Infantryt a national guard uni't but upon arrriv al in France it was designated as the 369th Infantry, The regi -w-r;t arrived at trest, December 26, 1917, Thence it > oved .to Sa,41f. Nazgize, ;Ja;la8y 1. Is98,rem-aining thte until March- 13" 19-18, when it proceeded to G/ivryen^Argonne Upon arrival March 15, 1918, it was attached to. the 16t Disitiou 8+h Army Corp9, <.17h .French Army, for purposes of inst.uct:on aDd traixing Beg'!nnng Aprl-.1 8, 1918, the bttalions of the regiment wer(, t, c 2eive.ly pl£.ceod .i f*.ont line sector with French troops. nort'ah of Sai.tT-eMenehould, in the Champagnle,, The regiment'.held this ; sector until' July 5'? l?'..E, . IX prrt~icip~ted articipated-in thellarne Defensive, July 15 to 18, 1918in l 0tAe sne ^a.,ia Off nsis c s Iul t1 -to 2U 1918 and.' ir the hoffnoriSve op -ations of thie WI\th Frerch Airay on -the hampagne front Septembtter ,?.,6 t~o 'yit9.U3 On O3ctober i4, .9iQ, Sthe reg;inentf es part of the 161st Division 7?re chi to- which it has6 been assigned on JTuly: 15th, proceedid c ts uAlsace;* Th3e battal~iotls of t-he 36&t:" Inyvantry. took' oer' sections of front line in the VosWe, w.hih they helxun.til Wven;-Dev lla 1918,: After the armitioe the regiment became a,'oart of tho French Arr.yj c fooupailon^ On December 8B 19182 it was relieved ioa duty- tdlh the 1I-e.nc- Arxys and prooeaded to the lie Mans Embarkation Cen-te- p~eparat-jry to its return to t4.e United State:

The regiment aailed from 3rest Febr iary 2,
February 12; 1919-

1919w and arriyed at New Yirk
l

370TH INFANTY,

:Thi s'regment WaJ.organized fromthe 8;th Illinoi (National Guard) Itf arrived in Frn we in Aprili 1918 and trained wi th varou' French divisiOn ' until August 31a 1918, during which period detachments of the regiment were in front line positions. On Septemijer 15' 1918i the regiment as a part of the 59th Division, French, wrant into lirib in th- -Valai. ron Area, northeast of Soissons s and participated in the Oise-Aisne Off ensive, September l7 to Ootober 12» 3918 and Octfber;34 to Novembe;r 1I, 1918, The regiment embarked for the Ulited States at Brest, February 1 1919, 0and arrived at New York February 9
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:

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371ST INFANTRY
This regiment vfrrived in France in April, 1918, andas an independent unit of the 13th French Arrmy Corps was in training from April 26 to June 6, i9183j in the vicinity of BarwleoDuct It joined -the68th Division/ French , 6i June 136 19180 ipi the vicinity of Verdun, remaining in suplprt :of thisa uit

until June 22, 1918, From June 23 to S3ptember .14, 1918, the regiment was in line n *tlfw-v; .erd un Sct-orxIt. p.rticipated, in the off enssive oprati-ns of the 4th FYrench a.rmy on tihe. hampa-gne front Septemb;xer 27 to Ctober 6, 1918, in the 157th Division, 9th French Armny Corps, The 157th Division tras withdrawn from the lirne Ootouer 6, 19183 and proceeded to the Alsace Sector, Vosgeas, The regiment wti.s )in line in this Sector fronm October 1C to Novembtr 11, 1918, It was vwithdrawn November 15, 1918, and proceeded to the Le Muns EmbarkCation Center preparatory to returning to the United States' The regiment sailed from Brest February 3, 3919X9 and arrived at 14ew York, February 11, 1919, 372D INFANTRYk This regiment, arrived at Saint Nas aire, in April, 1918, and proceeded to the. training center in the wicinity of Givry-en^Argonne for duty with the French Army, From June 6 to July 14 19.18 and from July 2,6 to September 9 1918, the regiment was in line in zhe Argonne' Sectoxe It participv4tid in the offensive operations of the 4th French Army on the Champagne front September 26, to October 7, 1918, in the. 157th Division, .9th Frtench Army Corps, The regiment proceeded to the Vosges on October 11th where it occupied a sector of front from October l3, to November l1th, It remained in the Vosges until January 1, 1919,/when it proceeded to -the Le Mans Embarkation Cen;er preparatory to returning to the United States. * The reginent sailed from Brest on February 3, 1919, and arr'ved at New York on February 12, 1919. The casualties of the four infantry re iment.ae 93d Division, were 3166 killed and -woun ed * BATTLE PARTIIPAIZON OF THE 369TH INFiNTYRY. Champagne Secttor FranceS, 8 April - 4 July, 1918, 21 July - 19 Augs, 1918. 26 Allgr * 2 SepttI 191e Organizations participatingi 369th Infantry. (2) Chamqage*wI'Lfarn e . f enaive France, 15 July - 18 July, 1918, C0t ,gaon_ pLn r 4lcIp P &LT, I (3.) Aisne"Miarne Of fEnaive, France .13 Jul;y - 20' July 1918« Organizations participating: Same as in (1)J, (4). 1euse^-Argonne Cffensive (Champagni) 'Franc, , 26 Siept. 30 Sept, 1 e.8 Orgcaniations participzatifig? - Same as in ( l) . 5.) Thur Sector Vos ges, France * » Orgnmizations participe.atint Same as-in (l) . (1)
4

BAiTTLE PAICIPATION OF THE 370TH INFIAMJFTR (1) Saint Mihiel Sect.ort Organiza tions participating; 370th In:fantry, (A) Argonne Sector, Organizations partic'ipating; Same as in (1) . (3) 'Cise*^Aisne Off<8nsive, Frai'eB Organizations artci Pp'ating 6 Same- as in (1)t

33 JUA6 » 3 Juyj,I 9LO,
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191.

17 Sept. - 12 Oct,, 1918. 24 Oct, - 11 Nov.t, I9.8

BATTLE PARTICIPATION OF THE 371ST l!FANliiTY.Y Verdun Sector, France V1) ' ,.Organizations participating; '371st Infantry, (2) Mleuse-Argoenne Offensive (ChanpaOe) ? Organizalions participating;. 13 June 1. 2

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BATTLE PARTICIPATION OF- THE 372D INFiN'RYI (1) Argonne Sector, France, 6 June'- 14 July, 26 July ~ 9 Sept J

1918s 1918 .

Organizations participating: 372d Infantry. (3) Meuse Argonne Offensive (Champagne), Organizations participating: Same as in (l), (3) Vosges Sector, France, Organization's part iipatings: Same as in (I)J

France,

26 Sept# - 7 Oct*, 1910* ' 13 Octo, 11 Nov.,, 1918.

RPL-oEGM 7/16/20. i

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3/.30/21

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lr Prrsperod in the Htitorical Branoh$ Wa class wShoro ..uthri-i'it1<,.- i.,; 3 l /nv aO on filu, 'Lro i OF THE A BRIEF HISTORY NINETY FIFTH DIVISION,

ivision, General itarff .- :,ncnts 'r; invit.d. C >

Pursuant to letter of instructions from The adjutant Generalof the -Army, dated September 5, 1918p the organization of the 95th Division The organization of the Division was to was begun at Camp Sherman, Ohio. comply in every respect with Series "A", Tables of Organization, dated January 14, 1918* One Infantry Brigade, the 189thj including the 359th Machine Gun Battalion was to be organized in France by the Commander in Chiefs Subsequent instructions directed the orEanizaAmerican Expeditionary Force. tion'of the 359th Machine Gun Battalion at Camp Sherman, Ohio* The Artillery Brigade and tho Ammunition Train were directed to be organized at Camp Taylor, Kentucky* The officers of the Division were in the main promptly assigned to the Division and reported at Camp Sherman, Ohios The Artillery officers reported at Camp Taylor, Kentucky4 Five hundred and eighty-five (585) enlisted men) suitable for appointment as nonconmissioned ofsicers, were transferred to the 95th Division These men had had more or less training previous to from Camp Lee, Van transfer to the 95th Divisions The: organization of the Ensineer Regilcnt and Train vere. never definitely fixed as to location, and no part of the personnel for these units was over designated. two weeks of The Division staff reported for duty during the first October, the officers of the Division staff being graduates of the Staff Course organized at the War College during month of August. Eleven hundred (1100) recruits were transferred to the Division of from the 158th Depot Brigadeat Camp Sherman during the latter part Octoober Under telegraphic instructions from the War Department' 3000 Replacement during Troops were turned over to the Division at Camp Sherman for training assigned the last week of October, 900 of these recruits being subsequently to the 95th Division* The organization of the Headquarters of -all units of the Division at was Camp Shernan was completed, and equipment as far as obtainable furnished to all these organizations* Brigadier Gendral Mi C. Smith was assigned to duty with the 95th the Divisionr Division, and reported October 24th, taking command of the organization of the Artillery units at Camnp Taylor was promptly units being affected, and training begun, the enlisted personnel for these were received directing the demtbilization about 75c1o complete when orders of the Division* Orders for tto demobilization of the Division were. received during week in December, and the demobilization of all units were the first ot transcompleted December 21, 1918, the enlisted men being discharged desire to be discharged receiving their ferred, and all officers signifying officers of the Regular Army and those desiring comdiscpares, and all uLssigned nissions in the same placed on duty with the 95th Division December 22> 1918,

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THE NINETY-SIXTH DIVISION (National Army)

The Ninety-Sixth Division was directed to be organized under authority of letter of instruction from The Adjutant General of the Army to the Commanding General, Camp Wadsworth S*C., dated September 5th, 1919, The organization was to have been as follows; 191st Infantry Brigade; 381st and 382nd Infantry; 362nd Machine Gun Bn» 192hd Infa.ntry Brigade: a 383rd and 38tbh Infantry; 363rd Machine Gun Bn. 171st Fia3Ld Artilleery Brj.gade; 64th, 65th, and 66th Field Artillery; 22nd .rench Mortar Battery. 361st. Mac'Ln 4e Gun Ba-ttalion 321st Engineers 621st Field Signal Battalion* Train s The 191st Infantry Brigade was to have been organized in France and the 171st Field Artillery Brigade, at Canmp Kearney, California. The 192nd * Infantry Brigade, the 621st , Field Signal Battalion and the 21Lst Sanitary Train were partly organized at Camp Wadsworth, S-C*, but upon the signing of the armistice, Novembe& llth, 1918, further effort in this direction stopped and the division ceased to
exist on January 7th, 1919«,

The division had one commanding general, Major General Guy Carleton from October 200 1918 to demobilizationP .I PP . 4/28/ 21 RST * . *. .

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THE NINETY-SEVENTH' (National
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IVISIOMN
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, . .

The Ninety-seventh Division was organized at 'Camp Cody,- New'Mexica,
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in

September, 1918, fromi'drafted men mnainly of Oklahoma and' Ivinne so0ta, The organization of the division was never completed* The following

units

tere assembled at Camp Cody: 387th Infantry.
tt

383th

366th Machine Gun Battalion. Traine* The 172d Field Artillery Brigade consisting of the 61st, 62d and 63d Field Artillery Regiments, and 21st Trench Mortar Battery, and the 322d Carolina. The

Ammunition Train were organized at Camp Jackson, South

nucleus of the 322d Engineer Regiment and train was organized at Camp Humphrey, Va,) but never joined the division,

The several units of the division were demobilized in Decenmbert 1918, Their combat strength at the time of demobilization wras 402 officers

q.nd 7889 men. The division had two commanders as follows: Colonel iA A. Martins September 26 to October 25, 1913^ Brigadier General Jas, R, Lindsay, October 25, l918, to demobilization.

Revised to 4-22-21, RPL-egm

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C ItISTORY OF THE

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A BRIE F

NINETY-EIGHTIH DIVISION

The 98th I

stion was to have been organized in

September,

'actually 1918, at Camp Mctellan, Annliston, Alabama, but was never f InFtantry were to have The 52d and 53d Pioneer Regiments formed. forned the Aucleus for the Division, the designations of these Regiments were to have been changed to the 38Oth and 390th Regiments of Owin"n to the airninZ of the.Armistice, the Infantry, respectively. Division was never commenced and it existed organization of this

in name only.

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i A BRI:F IISTORY OF THE NINETY-NINTH DIVISION,
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The 99th Division was to have been organized in September, 1918, at Canip Vtiheeler, Macon, Georgia, but was never actually The 54tih and 55th Pioneer Infantry Re[iments were to have formed. furnished the nucleus for the Division, the desirnations of these Rerimen-tS were to have been changed to the 393d and 394th Infantry Owing, to the si-ninr of the Armistice Regiments, respectively. the organization of the Division was n ver commenced and it existed in namee only.

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