Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

Why do we need to learn Economic

Geography?
An adequate understanding of world geography, including having some
geographic literacy, is very important in this era of ever-increasing globalization,
internationalization, and global interconnectedness via the global economy. As
cultural, political, and economic globalization increase, people need to be aware
of geography and how it plays a critical role in these processes.
Ten Reasons Why Every Student Should Study Geography:
1. To understand basic physical systems that affect everyday life (e.g. earth-sun
relationships, water cycle, wind and ocean currents).
2. To learn the location of places and the physical and cultural characteristics of
those places in order to function more effectively in our increasingly
interdependent world.
3. To develop a mental map of your community, state, country and the world so
that you can understand the where of places and events.
4. To understand the geography of past times and how geography has played
important roles in the evolution of people, their ideas, places and environments.
5. To explain how the processes of human and physical systems have arranged
and sometimes changed the surface of the Earth.
6. To understand the spatial organization of society and see order in what often
appears to be random scattering of people and places.
7. To recognize spatial distributions at all scales local to worldwide in order to
understand the complex connectivity of people and places.
8. To be able to make sensible judgments about matters involving relationships
between the physical environment and society.
9. To appreciate Earth as the home of humankind and provide insight for wise
management decisions about how the planets resources should be used.
10. To understand global interdependence and to become a better global citizen.
There are also some reasons for government to know economic geography:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Find out the new market for manpower.


Find out the new market for business.
Understand the global market.
Show off my country in front of others countries.
Understand the foreign policy about our country.
Economy is a very important term of democracy, is for to be continuing
the democracy.
Every government must be study the economic geography.

Economic geographers discover culture


Just as geographical economics was making its appearance on the academic
scene in the early 1990s, a number of economic geographers were transferring
their attentions to an altogether different set of approaches rooted in issues of
culture. The emergence of this interest coincided with a growing conviction that
not only were certain earlier generations of geographers and other social
scientists incorrect to regard culture simply as an outcome of underlying
economic realities, but that these realities themselves are in fundamental ways
subject to the play of cultural forces.

A prospective economic geography capable of dealing with the contemporary


world must hew closely; it seems to me, to the following programmatic goals if it
is to achieve a powerful purchase on both scientific insight and progressive
political strategy.
1. To begin at the beginning: economic geography needs to work out a
theoretical re-description of capitalism as a structure of production and
consumption and as an engine of accumulation, taking into account the
dramatic changes that have occurred in recent decades in such phenomena as
technology, forms of industrial and corporate organization, financial systems,
labor markets, and so on. This theoretical re-description must be sensitive to the
generic or quasi-generic forms of capitalist development that occur in different
times in different places, which, in turn, entails attention to the kinds of issues
that regulation theorists have identified under the general rubric of regimes of
accumulation
2. In addition to these economic concerns, we must recognize that
contemporary capitalism is intertwined with enormously heterogeneous forms of
social and cultural life, and that no one element of this conjoint field is
necessarily reducible to the other. Directions of causality and in hence across
this field are a matter of empirical investigation, not of theoretical pre-judgment.
Note that in this formulation, class becomes only one possible dimension of
social existence out of a multiplicity of other actual and possible dimensions.
3. This nexus of economic, social, and cultural relationships constitutes a
creative field or environment within which complex processes of
entrepreneurship, learning, and innovation occur. Geographers have a special
interest in deciphering the spatial logic of this field and in demonstrating how it
helps to shape location dynamics.
4. In combination with these modalities of economic and social reality, we need
to reserve a specific analytical and descriptive e space for collective action and
institutional order at many different levels of spatial and organizational scale
(the firm, the local labor market, the region, the nation, etc.), together with a
due sense of the political tensions and rivalries that run throughout this sphere
of human development. Similarly, a vibrant economic geography will always not
only be openly policy-relevant (Markusen, 1999), but also politically engaged. A
key question in this context is how to build local institutional frameworks that
promote both economic success and social justice.

5. We must recognize that social and economic relations are often extremely
durable, and that they have a propensity to become independent in varying
degree of the individuals caught up within them. This means that any
normative account of social transformation and political strategy, must deal
seriously with the idea that there are likely to be stubborn resistances to
change rooted in these same relations. The solutions to this problem proposed
by sociologists like Bourdieu (1972) and Giddens (1979) strike me as providing
reasonable bases for pushing forward in this respect, for they explicitly
recognize the inertia of social structures while simultaneously insisting on the
integrity of individual human volition. Unfortunately, these solutions (most
especially the structure-agency formulation of Giddens) have been much
diluted in recent years by reinterpretations that lean increasingly heavily on
the agency side of the equation, partly as a reaction of the cultural turn, partly
out of a misplaced fear of falling into the pit of determinism.5 Invocations of
unmediated agency (or, for that matter, neoclassical utility) as an 5 It is useful
hereto recall the early argument of Martin (1951) to the effect that any selfrespecting determinism insists on a direct mechanistic link from matter or the
external world to mind so that what passes for free will is (so the determinist
would say) nothing more than a cause-effect relationship. The existence of
structural constraints on human action, or even the emergence of common
social pried positions and habits, do not, by this standard of judgment, amount
to any form of determinism. Nor can determinism in this rigorous sense
necessarily be equated with the existence of macro-social outcomes that occur
independently of any explicit decision that the world should be structured thus
and so, or with situations where these outcomes assume laws of motion
without our explicit permission, as it were (e.g., the pervasive separation of
home and work in the modern metropolis and the daily waves of commuting
that are a result of this circumstance). Mutatis mutandis, when geographers
invoke unmediated agency or volition as an explanatory variable, they are
implicitly confessing to a failure of analysis, even though agency and volition
are always a component of any human action. Explanatory variable in social
science are often little more than confessions of ignorance, in the sense that
when we are unable to account for certain kinds of relationships or events, we
are often tempted to fall back on the reassuring notion that things are thus and
so for no other reason than because thats the way we want them to be,
irrespective of any underlying structural conditions.

Therefore, we understand that there are deferent points of view that we need to
learn the economic geography. As a student we have to learn economic
geography for develop our skill in the matter of economic geography. As
government, we need to know the economic geography for ahead the
development of the country also to be continuing the democracy.