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[M 4BE

BEiB
51BE. BEiB--i BE |iBE xMBE BE c BEiB cM BE c-(BE) vx BE {x BE + =BE +n, l+, ] vV + ]Mx BE +n BE ;
(J) iji BE A c ] +nx BE |i BEx =SS +n BE n VA J
+ =xBE {x BE ;
(M) i BE |i, ABEi + +Jbi BE F BE + = +Fhh J ;
(P) n BE F BE + +x BEA Vx { ] BE BE ;
(R) i BE M i + x ii BE x BE xh BE V v, +
|n M { +vi n { c, A |l+ BE iM BE V j BE x BE r
c ;
(S) c BE BEi BE M {{ BE ci Z + =BE {Fh BE ;
(U) |BEiBE {h BE, VBE +iMi x, Z, xn + x V c, F BE + =BE
vx BE il |h j BE |i n J ;
(V) YxBE o]BEh, xn + YxVx il v BE x BE BE BE ;
(Z) VxBE {k BE Fi J + c n c ;
(\) BBDiMi + cBE Miv BE Fj =iBE BE + fx BE ii | BE
V ] xi fi cA |ix + ={v BE x< >S< BE U ;
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[(]) n i-{i FBE c, Uc Snc iBE BE + +{x, lli, BE


|i{ BE A F BE + |nx BE *]

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vx ( vx) +vx, 1976 BE v 11 u (3-1-1977 ) +i&l{i *


vx (U vx) +vx, BE v 4 u (+vSx BE iJ ) +i&l{i BE VAM *

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[ PART IVA

FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

51A. Fundamental duties.It shall be the duty of every citizen of India


(a) to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National
Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for
freedom;
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people
of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to
renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and
wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so
that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.]
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[(k) who is a parent of guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or,
as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years.]

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Ins. by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, s. 11 (w.e.f. 3-1-1977).


Ins by the Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, s. 4 (date to be notified).