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You are here: Home wireless network What is CDMA? Advantage Disadvantage and its Characteristics

What is CDMA? Advantage Disadvantage and its


Characteristics
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What is CDMA?

What is CDMA? Advantage Disadvantage and its


Characteristics

CDMA (Code-Division Multiple Access) is a channel access method used by various radio
communication technologies. It is a form of multiplexing, which allows numerous signals
to occupy a single transmission channel, optimizing the use of available bandwidth. The
technology is used in ultra-high-frequency (UHF) cellular telephone systems in the
800-MHz and 1.9-GHz bands.

What is CDMA? CDMA (Code-Division Multiple


Access) is a channel access method used by
various radio communication technologies. It is
...

CDMA employs analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) in combination with spread spectrum


technology. Audio input is first digitized into binary elements. The frequency of the
transmitted signal is then made to vary according to a defined pattern (code), so it can be
intercepted only by a receiver whose frequency response is programmed with the same
code, so it follows exactly along with the transmitter frequency. There are trillions of
possible frequency-sequencing codes, which enhances privacy and makes cloning
difficult.
The original CDMA standard, also known as CDMA One and still common in cellular
telephones in the U.S offers a transmission speed of only up to 14.4 Kbps in its single
channel form and up to 115 Kbps in an eight-channel form. CDMA2000 and Wideband
CDMA deliver data many times faster.

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Characteristics of CDMA:
spread spectrum techniques use a transmission bandwidth that is several orders of
magnitude greater than the minimum required signal bandwidth. These systems were
designed using spread spectrum because of its security and resistance to jamming.
CDMA can effectively reject narrow band interference. Since narrow band interference
affects only a small portion of the spread spectrum signal, it can easily be removed
through notch filtering without much loss of information.
CDMA devices use a rake receiver, which exploits multipath delay components to improve
the performance of the system.
In a CDMA system, the same frequency can be used in every cell, because channelization
is done using the pseudo-random codes.
Reusing the same frequency in every cell eliminates the need for frequency planning in a
CDMA system;
CDMA systems use the soft hand off, which is undetectable and provides a more reliable
and higher quality signal.

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General Specification of CDMA

Rx: 869-894MHz Tx: 824-849MHz


20 Channels spaced 1250kHz apart (798 users/channel)
QPSK/(Offset) OQPSK modulation scheme
1.2288Mbps bit rate
IS-95 standard
Operates at both 800 and 1900 MHz frequency bands

Advantages of CDMA techniques:


Efficient practical utilization of fixed frequency spectrum.
Flexible allocation of resources.
Many users of CDMA use the same frequency, TDD or FDD may be used

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What is CDMA? Advantage Disadvantage and its Characteristics | Wirele...

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http://wireless-resource.blogspot.ae/2012/07/what-is-cdma-advantage-di...

Multipath fading may be substantially reduced because of large signal bandwidth


No absolute limit on the number of users, Easy addition of more users.
Impossible for hackers to decipher the code sent
Better signal quality
No sense of handoff when changing cells
The CDMA channel is nominally 1.23 MHz wide.
CDMA networks use a scheme called soft handoff, which minimizes signal breakup as a
handset passes from one cell to another.
CDMA is compatible with other cellular technologies; this allows for nationwide roaming.
The combination of digital and spread-spectrum modes supports several times as many
signals per unit bandwidth as analog modes.

Disadvantages to using CDMA:


As the number of users increases, the overall quality of service decreases
Self-jamming
Near- Far- problem arises

Uses of CDMA:
One of the early applications for code division multiplexing is in GPS. This predates and is
distinct from its use in mobile phones.
The Qualcomm standard IS-95, marketed as cdmaOne.
The Qualcomm standard IS-2000, known as CDMA2000. This standard is used by several
mobile phone companies, including the Globalstar satellite phone network.
The UMTS 3G mobile phone standard, which uses W-CDMA.
CDMA has been used in the OmniTRACS satellite system for transportation logistics.
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