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# BASIC SNUBBING

CALCULATION

CONSIST OF :

## 1. PRESSURE, AREA AND FORCE

2. SNUBBING FORCE CALCULATION
3. FORCE UP AND FORCE DOWN
4. BUOYED STRING WEIGHT CALCULATION
5. BALANCE POINT CALCULATION
6. HYDRAULIC PRESSURE CALCULATION
7. JACK SPEED CALCULATION
8. PIPE BUCKLING CALCULATION
9. CALCULATION OF BOTTLE REQUIRED ON
ACCUMULATOR UNIT
10. FISHING CALCULATION

Fig

Hydraulic Snubbing
Unit ( from Well
Control Handbook )

## Gambar ini sedikit berbeda dgn

yang dipakai TEPI krn di TEPI
dasarnya sama.

Fig

1.

## Hoisting system : Gin pole, CB,

CB sling (pipe elevator ) , Jack c/w
slip, Window, Power Tong & Power
Pack

2.

Bowl & Swivel

3.

## Circulation System : Pumping Unit,

Standpipe, Rotary hose, Mud tank &
Shale Shaker

4.

## BOP system : BOP stack, Riser Spool,

Accumulator Unit, Choke Manifold,
Hanger Flange & Stripper Bowl

Hydraulic
jack

Fig

Window
Fig

Guide tube

## 1. Traveling slips open

2. Traveling slips close

## PRESSURE, AREA & FORCE

/4 = 3.14159/4 = 0.7854

SNUBBING FORCE
CALCULATION

Example :

## When the surface pressure and work string combination

is such this, if unrestrained, the pipe would be ejected
from the well , moving pipe is termed SNUBBING
When the surface pressure and work string combination
is such this, if unrestrained, the pipe would fall into the
well, moving pipe is termed STRIPPING
Terminologi used in the field is that :
- when SNUBBING the pipe is in the light condition
- when STRIPPING the pipe is in the heavy condition.
Generally there are five forces acting on the snubbing string :

## Fig : Forces on work string

When pipe is being stripped into a well,the work string selff weight exceeds the
sum of the pressure area-force and the friction.
In this case the applied snubbing force is negative or opposite to the direction
shown in figure

## Force Down : F = P x A ; A = 0.7854 x {(ID2bore OD2rod)} ;

F = P x 0.7854 x {(ID2bore OD2rod)}

## Force Upward : F = P x A ; A = 0.7854 x {(ID2bore )} ;

F = P x 0.7854 x {(ID2bore)}
Example :

Solution :
1. Find the Hydrostatic press :

## 3. Find the Force Upward :

Force Upward ; F = P x A ; A = 0.7854 x {(ID2bore )} ;
F = P x 0.7854 x {(ID2bore)}

Example :

## 1. Calculate wt string if pipe is empty

Gy keatas = HP x Area
= .052 x MWxHx.7854x(OD)2
= .0408xMWx(OD)2

## 0.0408 = 0.052 x .7854

Example :

Weight on air =
279 ft x 6.5 lbs/ft
= 1813.5 lbs

Example :

## 3. Calculate weight string when string is

filled with a fluid of different density then
the fluid in the well.

Example :

Solution :

## Calculating of the Balance Point

(BP)
These buoyancy calculations before are necessary for estimating the Balance
Point ( BP )
What is Balance Point ?

## Buoyed Wt string = Pressure area Force

Example :

HYDRAULIC PRESSURE
CALCULATION

## 3. Required Hydraulic Pressure for Lift or Snubb

Phy = F A

Fsnub = P x Aj
= P x {(Cyl bore)2-(Rod Dia)2} x No Cyl in use x 0.7854
P snubb = F snubb Aj =
= F snubb {(Cyl bore)2-(Rod Dia)2} x No Cyl in
use x 0.7854

Fig

## : Hydraulic Cylinder Schematic

Fpull = P x Aj
= P x (Cyl bore)2 x No Cyl in use x 0.7854
P pull = Fpull Aj =
= Fpull {(Cyl bore)2 x No Cyl in use x 0.7854

## Pulling/lifting force in regenerative operating

Fpull = P x Aj
= P x (Rod dia)2 x No Cyl in use x 0.7854

Fig

: Hydraulic schematic on
regenerative operating
mode

## Table : Hydra Rig Snubbing Unit Capabilities

150,810

21.99

65,970

28.27

84,810

235,620

40.06

120,180

38.48

115,440

339,300

62.83

188,490

50.27

150,810

461,820

75.40

226,200

78.54

235,620

603,180

87.96

263,880

113.10

339,300

Example :

Solution :
1. Find F = P x A
A = D2 x 0.7854 = 1.662 x 0.7854 = 21.99 in2
F = P x OD2x.7854
= 6000 x 1.662 x 0.7854
= 12,985 lbs of force required
2. Find total force : Ft = F + friction
Ft = 12,985 + 3000
= 15,985 lbs
3. Find required hydraulic pressure
Phy = F A
= 15,985 21.99
= 727 psi of hydraulic pressure

1.

## Jack speed is limited tripping time.

Use bypassing 2 cylinder on 4 cylinder jack to reduce trip time
Operating on 2 cylinder the hydraulic fluid requirement is for half the volume
at twice the pressure
Operating on 2 cylinder effectively doubles the speed of the jack
Operating on 2 cylinder when load capacity below half of max load capacity
on 4 jack

## Jack speed when applying snubbing force

Q x 24.51

, ft/min

Jack speed =
N x {(Cyl bore)2-(Rod Dia)2}

## where : Q = Vol. output of power pack to jack at operating press, gpm

N = number of active jack

Q x 24.51

, ft/min

Jack speed =
N x {(Cyl bore)2
where :

## Q = Vol. output of power pack to jack at operating press, gpm

N = number of active jack

## 3. Jack speed when applied lifting/pulling force on regenerative

mode ( high gear )
Q x 24.51

, ft/min

Jack speed =
N x {(Rod dia)2
where :

## Q = Vol. output of power pack to jack at operating press, gpm

N = number of active jack

## Type buckling are Elastic and Inelastic buckling

Elastic or long column buckling does not exceed the yield pipe and the pipe is not
permanently deformed.
Divide into category : intermediate and local
Inelastic buckling exceed the yield pipe and permanently deforms the pipe.

## Fig : Type of buckling

Unsupporting length

A. Normal
B. Major axis buckling (column
Stability )
C. Local buckling

## The steps of buckling calculation are :

1. Find Column Slenderness ratio ( that separates elastic and inelastic buckling)

## 2. Find the Radius of Gyration

3. Find the effective slenderness ratio ( SR1 or SR2 which are the larger )

Or ,

Example :

Solution :
1. Find Column Slenderness ratio

2. Find the effective slenderness ratio ( SR1 or SR2 which are the larger )

SR1 > SR2, then is choose SR1 ( its the larger ) and will compare with Cc.
SR1 < Cc, which means that inelastic buckling will occur

Once type of Buckling has been determined, the amount of compressive load
that it will take to cause this effect can be calculated.
IF Sr < Cc

## In this situation the buckling load can be increased by :

- Increasing the work string
- Increasing the work string wall thickness
- Increasing the work string yield stress

Example :

Example :
SOLUTION :

## with the same previous problem,

find how much force would buckle unspported pipe.

CALCULATION OF BOTTLE
REQUIRED ON ACCUMULATOR
UNIT
The Steps are :
1. Calculation Close & Open all BOP Stack
( See BOP manufacture or Calc )
2. Use of pressure system
3. Use of Bottle Volume apply
4. Calculation Total Volume and Safety
Factor

BOP Chamber

BOP 4-1/16
L = 4,78 1,5 = 3,28

4,78

CLOSE BOP

1,5

## A = 3,14/4 (4,62^2 1,25^2) x 3,28 inch

= 50.9344 inch^3 = 0,269 gallon
2,47

1,25 4,62

231 inch^3

OPEN BOP

## A = 3,14/4 (4,62^2 2,47^2) x 3,28 inch

= 39,25 inch^3 = 0,169 gallon
231 inch^3

## Chamber of Shear Ram Booster

L = 3,25 0,50 = 2,75 inch

0,5

CLOSE BOP :
A = 3,14/4 (6^2) x 2,75 inch

1,75

6 ID

## = 77,715^3 = 0,3364 gallon

231 inch^3
= 2 cylinder = 0,3364 gallon x 2 = 0,673 gallon

3,25

OPEN BOP :
A = 3,14/4 (6^2 1,75^2) x 2,75 inch
= 71,10383^3 = 0,3078 gallon
231 inch^3
= 2 cylinder = 0,3078 gallon x 2 = 0,6156 gallon

## Required Bottle of accumulator

Total Required Volume bottle
Close

: 0,43 gallon

Open

: 0,34 gallon

## Close + Open + Close = (0,43 + 0,34 + 0,43) x 5 BOP rams = 6 gallon

TOTAL requirement x 50% = 0,5 x 6 gallon = 3 gallon more (for safety factor)
So, we need : 6 gallon + 3 gallon = 9 gallon
P1 x V1

= P2 x V2

1000 x 10

= 1500 x VN2

VN2
gallon

## = 10,000/1500 = 6,66 gallon Volume Hydraulic : 10 gallon 6,66 gallon = 3,34

P1 x V1
1000 x 11
VN2

= P2 x V2
= 1500 x VN2
= 11,000/1500 = 7,33 gallon Volume Hydraulic : 11 gallon 7,33 gallon = 3,67 gallon

1000 x 11
= 1200 x V3
V3
= 11000/1200 = 9,17 gallon
V3
= 11 gallon 9,17 gallon = 1,83 gallon
Volume hydraulic oil = 3,67 gallon 1,83 gallon = 1,84 gallon
Total bottle required = 9 gallon
1,84 gallon

5 bottle

## Required Bottle of Shear Ram

Total Required Volume bottle
Close

: 0,43 gallon

Open

: 0,34 gallon

## Close + Open + Close = (0,43 + 0,34 + 0,43) x 5 BOP rams = 6 gallon

TOTAL requirement x 50% = 0,5 x 6 gallon = 3 gallon more (for safety factor)
So, we need : 6 gallon + 3 gallon = 9 gallon
P1 x V1
1000 x 10
VN2

= P2 x V2
= 2500 x VN2
= 10,000/2500 = 4 gallon Volume Hydraulic : 10 gallon 4 gallon = 6 gallon

P1 x V1
1000 x 11
VN2

= P2 x V2
= 1500 x VN2
= 11,000/2500 = 4,4 gallon Volume Hydraulic : 11 gallon 4,4 gallon = 6,6 gallon

1000 x 11
= 1200 x V3
V3
= 11000/1200 = 9,17 gallon
V3
= 11 gallon 9,17 gallon = 1,83 gallon
Volume hydraulic oil = 6,6 gallon 1,83 gallon = 4,77 gallon

## Total bottle required = 9 gallon

4,77 gallon

2 bottle

FISHING CALCULATION

## Before use fishing operation, we have known about the fish :

1. Length of fish
2. Fishing Neck

3. History of fish
4. Depth of fish

FISHING CALCULATION