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14

1 A business has a customer services section. The business is considering a new Local Area Network (LAN) for this section.

(a) Describe what is meant by a Local Area Network.

[2]

The following are some comments made by the Chief Executive to the IT Manager.

(b)

“I am concerned that only the staff in the Customer Services team should have access to the LAN.”

(i)

State what authentication technique will be used for this.

 
 

[1]

 

(ii)

Identify what hardware will be in place to restrict the access to the LAN.

[1]

(c)

“I understand if the network is to be a wired network, there is a choice about the type of cabling used.”

Name and describe two types of cabling. Suggest a benefit for each cable type. The benefits should be different.

Cable type 1

 

Description

Benefit

 

Cable type 2

 

Description

Benefit

 
 

[6]

(d)

“Many customer enquiries will be dealt with over the World Wide Web; so each computer in the LAN needs access to the Internet”.

Name the additional hardware needed to provide access to the Internet.

[1]

© UCLES 2014

9691/31/M/J/14

15

(e)

“With the Internet connection, I am concerned that we will get unauthorised access to our LAN.”

Name the hardware and/or software needed to prevent unauthorised access.

 

[1]

(f)

“Customer Services staff must be able to get access to a centralised store of customer data. Our business deals with thousands of customers. They produce millions of transactions.”

Explain what hardware and software will be needed to enable this.

Hardware

Software

 

[3]

© UCLES 2014

9691/31/M/J/14

[Turn over

 

Page 8

   

Mark Scheme

Syllabus

Paper

   

GCE A LEVEL – May/June 2014

9691

31

1

(a)

A number of computers which are connected

 

(1)

 

Over a small ‘geographical’ area / or by example – site / building

(1)

 

A.

over a short distance

[2]

 

(b)

(i)

Use of (user IDs with a) password Use of biometrics / fingerprint / retina scanner

 

[1]

 

(ii)

domain controller // file server to authenticate log-ons fingerprint/retina scanner

 
 

A.

firewall

[1]

 

(c)

Possible benefits

 
 

Optic fibre:

 
 

data travels at the speed of light / provides for faster data transfer

 

not affected by moisture / (electro-magnetic) interference

impossible for the data to be hacked

 

high bandwidth possible

 

Twisted pair:

 

less chance of interference from magnetic forces in close proximity

 

low cost

 

easy to work with // flexible

 

Coaxial:

 
 

difficult for the data to be hacked into

 

screened to avoid (electro-magnetic) interference

 

Mark as: 2 × 3 marks per type

 

[6]

 

(d)

Router

 

[1]

(e)

Firewall //proxy server

 

[1]

(f)

Hardware … Large amount of hard-disk storage Database server

 

Software … Database Management Software (A. DBMS) R. database

Computers must have some form of ‘client software’ to access the database // Software must be specially written to access the DBMS // A. ‘browser’ if followed by some form of explanation

[Max 3]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2014

2 (a)

17

Below are some terms and definitions for devices used for networking.

(i)

Match up each device on the left with its definition. Draw a line connecting each description to the appropriate network device.

(ii)

Complete the missing component name.

Router

Router Bridge Firewall Switch Modem

Bridge

Router Bridge Firewall Switch Modem

Firewall

Router Bridge Firewall Switch Modem

Switch

Router Bridge Firewall Switch Modem

Modem

Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a private network

Hardware used to convert analogue signals to digital signals (and vice versa)

Hardware used to connect nodes in a circuit switching network

Circuit board which connects the computer to a network

Device to direct packets across a packet switched network

Device used to connect two bus network segments to allow communication between all nodes

[6]

For

Examiner's

Use

© UCLES 2013

9691/33/O/N/13

[Turn over

(b) (i)

18

Networks use a variety of different media for communication.

Name and describe two of these media.

Medium 1

Medium 2

[4]

(ii) A new communication link is to be constructed in a network.

Name one factor that will be considered when deciding on the medium to be used.

[1]

© UCLES 2013

9691/33/O/N/13

For

Examiner's

Use

Page 8

Mark Scheme

Syllabus

Paper

 

GCE A LEVEL – October/November 2013

9691

33

2

(a)

(i)

(ii)

(b) (i)

(ii)

Firewall

Modem

Switch

Network

Interface

card

Router

Bridge

Modem Switch Network Interface card Router Bridge Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a
Modem Switch Network Interface card Router Bridge Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a
Modem Switch Network Interface card Router Bridge Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a
Modem Switch Network Interface card Router Bridge Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a
Modem Switch Network Interface card Router Bridge Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a
Modem Switch Network Interface card Router Bridge Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a

Hardware or software to control unauthorised access to a private network

Hardware used to convert analogue signals to digital signals (and vice versa)

Hardware used to connect nodes in a circuit switching network

Circuit board which connects the computer to a network

Device to direct packets across a packet switched network

Device used to connect two bus network segments to allow communication between all nodes

 

[5]

Network (Interface) card

[1]

Copper wire/coaxial/twisted pair Wire conducts electricity // changing current denotes different signals Optic fibre cabling Separate fibres used for separate signal Data travels very fast Signal transmitted as light pulses/travels at the speed of light Radio/Microwave signals Wireless communication // allows for mobile communication Mark as 2 × 2

MAX 4

Maximum possible distance

[1]

Speed of communication // data transfer rate

[1]

MAX 1

[Total: 11]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2013

12

3

(a)

Describe two different media used for the transmission of data across a wide area network.

 

1

2

 

[4]

 

(b)

A company has three retail shops – Shop A, Shop B and Shop C – located in different towns.

Shop A has a Local Area Network (LAN) consisting of five computers.

o

A file server on this network (ServerX) contains all the administration and order processing data for all three shops.

o

A second file server (ServerY) authenticates all logons.

Shop B and Shop C each have a single computer which connect to the network of Shop A.

The shops are connected over a Wide Area Network (WAN) using a star topology.

Complete the diagram showing the additional hardware needed for this LAN and WAN.

Shop B Shop A
Shop B
Shop A

© UCLES 2012

9691/31/O/N/12

Shop C

[4]

For

Examiner's

Use

13

(c)

The LAN in Shop A is to be expanded to 40 computers. The computers are to be organised as two network segments.

What additional hardware is required? Explain its purpose.

 

Hardware

 

Explanation

 
 

[2]

(d)

The management is considering setting up a company intranet.

 

(i)

Describe two benefits to the company that an intranet could provide.

 

1

2

 

[2]

 

(ii)

Intranet content will be viewed with browser software available on all computers.

 

Name the type of file server used to make the intranet pages available.

 
 

[1]

For

Examiner's

Use

© UCLES 2012

9691/31/O/N/12

[Turn over

Page 6

Mark Scheme

Syllabus

Paper

 

GCE A LEVEL – October/November 2012

9691

31

3

(a)

Two different media -Copper wire

 
 

o

Use of the existing telephone network

 

o

Dedicated leased-line

o

Broadband enabled line

 

-Optic fibre cabling

 
 

o

Uses light // Data travels at the speed of light

 

o

High bandwidth possible

o

Many signals can be sent on a single fibre

 
 

-Radio signals

 
 

o

Satellite communications

 

-Microwave signals

 
 

o

Communication must be a straight line from sender to receiver

[4]

 

(b)

 
 

Shop B

Shop B
 
 
 
 
 
Shop A
Shop A
Shop A
Shop A
Shop A
Shop A
Shop A
 
 
 

Shop C

 

Connections from Shop B and Shop C to Shop A Server X (File Server) connected to the LAN Server Y (Domain Controller) connected to the LAN Modem (either at A, B or C) Firewall (either at A, B or C) Router (At Shop A only)

[4]

(c)

Bridge Allows for communication between the two segments

[2]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2012

Page 7

Mark Scheme

Syllabus

Paper

 

GCE A LEVEL – October/November 2012

9691

31

(d)

(i)

Benefits of an Intranet Improved communication between shops Provide information which is only available to company employees / restricted access Limited access Webmaster need only be concerned about the browser used by the company Better security over company data/information

[2]

(ii)

Web server

[1]

© Cambridge International Examinations 2012

6

Areas outside the box will not be scanned for marking

6

A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the address of a resource on the Internet. For example, http://www.aqa.org.uk/qual/gce/computing_new.php.

Explain the different parts of this address.

6

(i)

http://

6

(ii)

www.aqa.org.uk

6

(iii)

/qual/gce/computing_new.php

(3 marks)

3
3

(06)

M/Jan09/COMP2

6

(a)

(i)

the protocol used // this is the hypertext transfer protocol;

1

   

(ii)

address of Aqa’s World Wide Web server; R domain name

1

   

(iii)

the path/location of the file/resource; OR description of folder structure;

1

2

Areas outside the box will not be scanned for marking

Answer all questions in the spaces provided.

1 Put one tick on each row of Table 1 to classify each of (i), (ii) and (iii) as either a URL, a Domain Name, an IP address or a Protocol.

(a)

 
 

Table 1

 

Domain

IP

   

URL

Name

Address

Protocol

 

(i)

http://www.guineas.co.uk

       

(ii)

212.58.251.195

       

(iii)

guineas.co.uk

       
 

(3 marks)

1 What is the purpose of a Domain Name Server on the Internet?

(b)

(1 mark)

4
4

(02)

M/Jan10/COMP2

Computing COMP2 - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2010 January series

1 (a) URL Domain IP Prot Name Address ocol (i) http://www.guineas .co.uk (ii) 212.58.251.195 (iii)
1 (a)
URL
Domain
IP
Prot
Name
Address
ocol
(i)
http://www.guineas
.co.uk
(ii)
212.58.251.195
(iii) guineas.co.uk
1 mark for each correctly placed tick
R Answers with more than one tick on a row.
3
1 (b)
To translate/convert/resolve domain names into IP addresses;
A FQDN for domain name
Answer must have the CONCEPT of an action
NE To store the domain names and IP Addresses
NE To access the web page without knowing the IP address
NE To link the domain name to the IP address
1

11

10

To request a particular web page on the Internet a user will need to enter into the address bar of their web browser a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). This is in the form of:

http://www.aqa.org.uk/courses/computing.html

10

(a)

The first part http:// is the protocol.

 

Describe the following parts of this URL.

aqa.org.uk

courses/computing.html

(2 marks)

10

(b)

What is a protocol?

 

(1 mark)

10

(c)

A requested page might be found locally on an intranet or it may be found on the Internet.

 

State two similarities between an intranet and the Internet.

1

2

(2 marks)

10

(d)

192.120.12.67 is a typical IP address.

 

Why do people prefer to use a Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) rather than an IP address?

(1 mark)

 

Turn over

(11)

M/Jan11/COMP2

Do not write outside the box

6
6

10

a

(aqa.org.uk)

domain name;

R FQDN (courses/computing.html)

path name // location of

file/resource/object/document // path of file/resource/object/document; NE file name

2

10

b

A set of (agreed) rules / codes / signals (for data exchange between systems); Agreed standard for communication between computer systems;

MAX

1

10

c

Both use the same protocol; Both are client-server based; Both have a similar purpose // both used to share information/data/resources; A access Both use TCP/IP; Both are accessed through the use of a URL; Concept that web pages can be accessed through a web browser on either system // use of same software;

MAX

2

10

d

Easier to remember a FQDN or converse for IP address i.e. IP addresses are less memorable; FQDN can identify (to a human) what a site is whereas an IP address cannot // easier to understand;

MAX

1

11

9 The following is the identifier of a web page.

http://www.aqa.org.uk/qual/index.html

Explain what each of the following parts of the above identifier mean.

(i)

http

 

(1 mark)

(ii)

www

 

(1 mark)

(iii)

org

 

(1 mark)

(iv)

uk

 

(1 mark)

(v)

qual

 

(1 mark)

(vi)

index.html

 

(1 mark)

END OF QUESTIONS

M/0105/CPT1

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6
6

GCE - Computing

Mark Scheme

9.

(i)

hypertext transfer protocal//protocal (used) // set of rules (used);

 
 

R

http format

1

 

(ii)

www means it is a web site / web page / is on the web / on a web server;

 

R

Internet

R

world wide web on its own (n.e.)

 

1

 

(iii)

(org means it is) an organisation/non-profit making;

 
 

A

the type of organisation

1

 

(iv)

the country of origin//based/registered in the UK;

 
 

A

site in the UK

R country on its own (n.e.)

1

 

(v)

the folder name//the subdirectory;

 
 

A

the directory;

1

 

(vi)

the file name//the page to be viewed;

 
 

A

the document name

1

 

Total

6

Grand Total

65

END OF CPT1 MARK SCHEME

10

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8 Figure 5 shows the home page for the Intranet site of XYZ College.

Figure 5

Simple Text Version

Intranet

External site

IT Help desk

Weather Site

First Class

 

Computer Availability

Learning Resources

Staff Room

Student Services

 

Business

Accounts Economics

 

XYZ College Intranet

Quick Links COURSEQUALITYQUESTIONNAIRE

 

UCAS CARDS Would all year one students read the intranet notice about applying for a UCAS card and follow the instructions, please? This needs completing before the end of term.

Student Bulletin
Student Bulletin
 
 

Read the

 

Student

Business Studies Applied Business Leisure Studies and Travel & Tourism

Humanities

Bulletin

 

STUDENT COUNCIL ELECTIONS To all students There are 21 students standing for election as your Student Council and they are prepared to give their time and ef forts to support you during your time at XYZ College.

ucas.com

   
Information Available Here

Information Available Here

Archaeology English Geology Geography Government and Politics History Law Philosophy Psychology Religious Studies Sociology

 

EXAM CERTIFICATES Year 2 students – please collect your AS exam certificates from the Exams Of fice.

Careers Information

Careers Information WRITING AN EFFECTIVE PERSONALSTATEMENT

WRITING AN EFFECTIVE PERSONALSTATEMENT

APPLICATIONS FOR UCAS CARD Year one students thinking of going to university are advised to apply for a UCAS (Universities and Colleges Admissions Service) Card by completing the registration on the UCAS web site this term.

STUDENT COUNCIL

Intranet site

The card will enable you to receive constant updates from UCAS and also discounts at selected shops and stores. You will be able to use it when we take you to the Higher Education Fair at ThisTown next March. Any university stands you visit will be able to take an imprint of your personal details to maintain contact with you. This can save a great deal of time and trouble for you.

Search Engines

Information Technology

Engine 1

Computing

Engine 2

(a)

(i)

What is an Intranet?

 

(1 mark)

 

(ii)

Give two reasons why a student would use this Intranet site.

 

1

2

 

(2 marks)

M/Jan07/CPT1

11

(b) The college also has an external website shown in Figure 6.

Figure 6

Address

http://www.xyzcollege.ac.uk/index.htm

 

Home

 

Contacts

Location

Information

 

Vacancies

Links

Downloads

Overseas Students

Services to Business

Sports Academy

  Search For in Courses Go <
 

Search For

in Courses Go <
in
Courses
Go
<

Courses

Results

News

Events

Profiles

Enrichment

Campus

Support

Moving On

F

AQs

 

The Campus

Please select a building to view the wide range of facilities that the college has to offer.

The Rogers Building

There is currently no information listed for this building.

The Zawinal Building

Art and Design

Campus

The College occupies a site of eight hectares, of which 70% is sports fields, in the south of ThisTown.

The College buildings range in age from 1947 to 2003 and take their names from some of the world’s finest jazz musicians.

Over the period 2000 – 2003, two major building projects have resulted in the Davis Building and the Rollins Building, each providing outstanding facilities for teaching and learning, with additional facilities for music and sport. Also in 2003, the Max Roach Learning Resource Centre, at the heart of the campus, was extended and completely refurbished.

Plans are currently in place for more new building, extension and refurbishment as the College grows both in size and reputation.

Explain the various parts of the address bar contents.

The Rollins Building

The Learning Resource Centre The Rollins Buidling

The Davis Building

Music

Modern Languages

The Coltrane Building

The Coltrane Building

(i)

http

 

(1 mark)

(ii)

www

 

(1 mark)

(iii)

xyzcollege.ac.uk

 

(2 marks)

M/Jan07/CPT1

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7
7

Computing - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2007 January series

8

(a)

(i)

an internal web site/set of web pages // web site local to an organisation ;

 

(web) pages which can only be viewed with authority/provided with access from the organisation ;

A.

provides internet facilities within the organisation

A.

a LAN which uses internet protocol ;

 

max 1

 

R.

Local internet

R.

LAN description (alone)

 

(ii)

access to / links to resources for learning / access to subject sites ;

 

anything related to the menu bar ;

 

access to resources about College facilities ;

info about / news items / read the student bulletin / exams certificates

;

links to UCAS / writing a personal statement / Student council / use the search engines / access to external web sites

max 2

 

(b)

(i)

Hypertext transfer protocol // protocol;

1

 

(ii)

the pages to be accessed are on the world wide web / (the pages accessed are from) a web site ;

1

 

R.

world wide web (only)

 

(iii)

the domain name / XYZCollege.ac.uk is the Collegeís domain name

;

the domain name is registered in the United Kingdom ;

iní Ö. .ac is an academic/educational institution / .ac is the type of institution ;

A. .ac.uk is the type of site / is the top level domain

the alternative to using/the user friendly version of the IP address //

has an equivalent IP address ; what is held on a Domain Name Server

R. ëhosted

;

Total

max 2

7

7

6

An example of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is http://www.bbc.co.uk/history.

 
 

(a)

What part of the above URL constitutes the domain name?

 

(1 mark)

 

(b)

Using the URL, explain what each part can tell us.

 
 

(i)

http

(ii)

www

(iii)

bbc

(iv)

co

(v)

uk

(vi)

history

 

(6 marks)

 

(c)

The IP address of the above site is 212.58.224.32.

 
 

(i)

What is the relationship between the IP address and the domain name?

 

(1 mark)

 

(ii)

If each group of digits is stored in one byte, what is the range of possible IP addresses?

 

(2 marks)

 

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10
10

Mark Scheme

Advanced Subsidiary – Computing (Unit 1)

6

(a)

bbc.co.uk; www.bbc.co.uk;

 

1

(b)

(i)

(hypertext transfer) protocol / protocol used / set of rules used; R http format

 

(ii)

www

means

it

is

a

web

site/web page/is on the web; R Internet

 

on a web server/the machine name;

 

world wide web on its own n.e.

 
 

(iii)

(bbc is the)) organisation’s/company’s name/keyword/identifier/ site name/site owner;

 

(iv)

(co means it is a) company; A corporation; the type of organisation;

(v)

uk means the country of origin is the UK/based in UK/A site in the UK;

 

where it is based/located;

 
 

(vi)

history is the folder name/subdirectory

 
 

(which contains a file with default name of index.html);

OR A history is the page/filename of the web sit/part of the site; A (specific) topic;

6

 

(c)

(i)

domain name has a single IP address;

 

computer looks up domain name on a (domain) name server

which tells the computer the IP address;

domain name is user-friendly representation of IP number;

IP number/address is numerical representation of domain name;

Domain name maps onto IP address; one-to-one;

1

 

(ii)

0.0.0.0 / 0;

 
 

to 255.255.255.255 / 2 32 -1 / 256 4 -1; 4294967295;

 

each group of digits is in the range 0-255;;

2

 

Total

10