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LAW ON PUBLIC OFFICERS

I.

Introduction
A.

Definition
Laurel vs. Desierto, 381 SCRA 48
Veterans Federation of the Phils. vs. Reyes, 483 SCRA 526
Davao City Water District v. CSC, G.R. No. 95237, Sept. 13,
1991

B.

Elements
Cruz, The Law on Public Officers, Chapt. 1

C.

Creation
Cruz, Chapt. 1

D.

Characteristics
Art. XI, Sec. 1, 1987 Constitution
Cruz, Chapt. 1
Saura vs. Sindico, 107 Phil. 336
Santos vs. Secretary of Labor, 22 SCRA 848
Aparri vs. Court of Appeals, 127 SCRA 231
De la Victoria vs. Comelec, 199 SCRA 561
Mathay, Jr. vs. Court of Appeals, 320 SCRA 703

De jure and de facto officers


Cruz, Chapt. 3
Tuanda vs. Sandiganbayan, 249 SCRA 342
Lino Luna vs. Rodriguez, 37 Phil. 136
Regala vs. Court of First Instance, 77 Phil. 684
Menzon vs. Petilla, 197 SCRA 253
Dimaandal vs. Commission on Audit, 291 SCRA 322
Cui, et al. vs. Ortiz, 107 Phil. 1000
Sampayan vs. Daza, 213 SCRA 807
Jalosjos v. Comelec, 699 SCRA507

E.

II.

Art. 203, RPC


Sec. 2, R.A. No. 3019
Sec. 2(14), Introductory Provisions, E.O. No. 292
Sec. 3(b), R.A. No. 6713

Qualifications/eligibility to public office


Cruz, Chapt. 2
E.O. No. 292, Book I, Sec. 40
Arts. V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, XIII, 1987 Constitution
Maquera vs. Borra, 15 SCRA 7
Monsanto vs. Factoran, 170 SCRA 190
Garcia vs. Commission on Audit, 226 SCRA 356

III.

Civil Liberties Union vs. Executive Secretary, 194 SCRA 317


Caasi vs. Court of Appeals, 191 SCRA 229
Frivaldo vs. Comelec, 174 SCRA 245
Labo vs. Comelec, 211 SCRA 297
Saura vs. Sindico, 107 Phil. 336
Aguila vs. Genato, 103 SCRA 380

Modes of acquisition
A.
Appointment
Provisional appointment
Regis vs. Osmena, 197 SCRA 308
Permanent and temporary appointments
Amores vs. Civil Service Commission, 587 SCRA 160
B.

Election

IV.

Term
Rotational system of appointment to constitutional commissions
- Republic v. Imperial, 98 Phil. 770
- Gaminde v. Commission on Audit, 347 SCRA655
- Funa v. Villar, 670 SCRA 579

V.

Authority of public officers

VI.

Prohibitions and inhibitions

VII.

Salary

VIII. Liability
Salumbides, Jr. vs. Office of the Ombudsman, 619 SCRA 313
IX.

Civil Service
A.
B.

Art. IX.B, 1987 Constitution


Civil Service Commission
i.
Composition
ii.
Powers
C.
Scope
Office of the Ombudsman vs. Civil Service Commission, 528
SCRA 535
Agyao vs. Civil Service Commission, 639 SCRA 781
2

Davao City Water District v. Civil Service Commission, 201


SCRA 593
D.

Personnel actions
i.
Appointment
Dimaandal vs. Commission on Audit, 291 SCRA 322
Civil Service Commission vs. Darangina, 513 SCRA 648
Civil Service Commission vs. Magnaye, Jr., 619 SCRA 347
ii.
Certification
iii.
Promotion
iv.
Transfer
v.
Detail
vi.
Reemployment
vii. Reassignment
viii. Demotion

E.

Discipline
Object of discipline
Japson vs. Civil Service Commission, 648 SCRA 532
Definition of dishonesty
Japson vs. Civil Service Commission, 648 SCRA 532
i.
Preventive suspension pending investigation
ii.
Preventive suspension pending appeal

X.

Termination of official relations


Anonymous vs. Radam, 541 SCRA 12
Javier vs. Court of Appeals, 232 SCRA 673
GSIS vs. Mayordomo, 649 SCRA 667
Entitlement to backwages
Civil Service Commission vs. Cruz, 655 SCRA 214