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WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality

This section describes the WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality feature,
which involves "Initial Transmit Power of Downlink DPDCH" in section 4.1.2 Downlink Open-Loop
Power Control on DPCH.

Overview
In a network with a high penetration rate of intelligent terminals, there are a large number of
online users. In this case, the A-DPCH, mainly for signaling transmission and power control,
consumes most downlink power. Therefore, it is necessary to decrease the A-DPCH transmit
power to save the non-HSPA power in a cell to increase the downlink service capacity.
As specified by 3GPP TS 25.214, the RNC adjusts the transmit power of the A-DPCH based on
the TPC command words received from the UE. Before this feature is introduced, the RNC
configures fixed maximum and minimum transmit power, which meets the power requirements of
UEs for the A-DPCH. However, properly restrict the maximum and minimum transmit power of the
A-DPCH does not result in noticeable UE performance deterioration.
When the load is high, this feature restricts the maximum and minimum transmit power of the ADPCH based on UEs' channel quality indicators (CQIs). A larger CQI indicates better UE signal
quality and therefore a smaller A-DPCH transmit power range is allowed to reduce the average
UE transmit power. A smaller CQI indicates worse UE signal quality and therefore a larger ADPCH transmit power range is allowed to ensure the higher transmit power. The following table
lists the offsets between pilot PCPICH power and maximum/minimum DPCH power required by
different CQIs when RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCPO is set to the default value.
CQI

Offset Between Maximum DPCH


Transmit Power and Pilot PCPICH
Power (dB)

Offset Between Minimum DPCH


Transmit Power and Pilot PCPICH
Power (dB)

-1

-16

-2

-17

-3

-18

-4

-19

-5

-20

-6

-21

-7

-22

-8

-23

-9

-24

10

-10

-25

11

-11

-26

CQI

Offset Between Maximum DPCH


Transmit Power and Pilot PCPICH
Power (dB)

Offset Between Minimum DPCH


Transmit Power and Pilot PCPICH
Power (dB)

12

-12

-27

13

-12.5

-27.5

14

-13

-28

15

-13.5

-28.5

16

-14

-29

17

-14.5

-29.5

18

-15

-30

19

-16

-30

20

-17

-30

21

-18

-30

22

-19

-30

23

-20

-30

24

-21

-30

25

-22

-30

26

-22

-30

27

-22

-30

28

-22

-30

29

-22

-30

30

-22

-30

A-DPCH transmit power can be restricted for the serving link and non-serving link to reduce nonHSPA power consumption of a cell, and to provide sufficient power resources for UEs performing
data transmission, thereby improving the downlink cell capacity.
This feature can decrease A-DPCH transmit power regardless of whether there is signaling
transmission on the A-DPCH. This feature applies only to HSDPA users performing non-voice
services and whose downlink DPCH only carries the 3.4 kbit/s SRB. This feature does not take
effect for UEs in compressed mode.

Technical Description

This feature is controlled by the cell-level switch RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCSW on the NodeB


side.
Set the transmit power range for the A-DPCH channel of the serving link.
After the switch is turned on, this feature sets the maximum minimum transmit power of
the A-DPCH for the serving link based on the CQI reported by the UE every 10 ms
when the downlink non-HSPA power load of a cell exceeds
RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCLOADSTAT plus 10%. The maximum and minimum transmit
power corresponding to different CQIs can be adjusted by the
RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCPO parameter.
Set the transmit power range for the A-DPCH channel of the non-serving link.
In scenarios where a UE is performing a soft or softer handover, if this feature has taken
effect on the serving link of the UE, the feature sets the maximum and minimum
transmit power of the A-DPCH for the non-serving link when the downlink non-HSPA
power load is greater than 50%, regardless of whether this feature is enabled for the cell
where the non-serving link is located. Because the UE does not report the CQI for the
non-serving link, the average value of maximum A-DPCH transmit power for the serving
link in a period is used as the maximum A-DPCH transmit power for the non-serving
link; the value of maximum A-DPCH transmit power for the non-serving link minus 15 dB
is used as the minimum A-DPCH transmit power for the non-serving link.
RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCSHOSW in controls whether to enable this feature for soft handover
UEs.
When this switch is turned off, this feature takes effect for soft handover UEs.
When this switch is turned on, this feature does not take effect for soft handover UEs and
over non-serving links.
When this feature takes effect simultaneously with the WRFD-150235 DPCH Maximum Power
Restriction feature and the load-based DPCH maximum power adjustment function, each
algorithm independently adjusts the maximum power and minimum power of the A-DPCH, and
the UE uses the smallest value.

8.7 WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality


Prerequisite Features
WRFD-010610 HSDPA Introduction Package

Mutually Exclusive Features


None

Impacted Features

WRFD-150235 DPCH Maximum Power Restriction


If WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality is enabled together with this
feature when the downlink load is high, the smaller A-DPCH transmit power adjusted by the

two features is used. In this case, both features provide gains for the downlink capacity but
the HSDPA call drop rate may increase.

WRFD-150230 DPCH Pilot Power Adjustment


If WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality is enabled together with this
feature when the downlink load is high, both feature can provide gains for the downlink
capacity. However, the maximum A-DPCH transmit power and transmit power of the pilot
field on the DPCCH also decrease. As a result, the estimated SIR becomes less accurate,
which may increase the HSDPA call drop rate.

WRFD-150236 Load Based Dynamic Adjustment of PCPICH


WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality can be enabled together with
this feature when the downlink load is high. WRFD-150236 Load Based Dynamic
Adjustment of PCPICH reduces the pilot power of a cell, causing the non-HSPA load to
decrease. As a result, the gains of WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio
Quality decrease.

WRFD-020104 Intra Frequency Load Balance


WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality can be enabled together with
this feature when the downlink load is high. WRFD-150236 Load Based Dynamic
Adjustment of PCPICH reduces the pilot power of a cell, causing the non-HSPA load to
decrease. As a result, the gains of WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio
Quality decrease.

WRFD-171207 Virtual CPC


WRFD-171207 Virtual CPC reduces the uplink transmit power of HSDPA UEs, decreasing
the CQI demodulation accuracy. As a result, the gains of WRFD-171204 DPCH Power
Control Based on Radio Quality decrease.

WRFD-010652 SRB over HSDPA


WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality does not support UEs using
this feature. After this feature takes effect, WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on
Radio Quality takes effect in fewer scenarios, and its gains decrease.

9.7 WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality


System Capacity
When there are a large number of HSDPA UEs and the downlink non-HSPA power is high, this
feature can increase the downlink capacity of a cell by 10% to 20%, thereby reducing the
downlink non-HSPA power or increasing the downlink throughput.

Network Performance

This feature can improve the access success rate of a cell during busy hours when the
downlink power of the cell is congested.

When A-DPCH transmit power is reduced for HSDPA UEs, the Uu-interface
synchronization probability decreases. As a result, the HSDPA call drop rate increases. This
feature can decrease the downlink power consumption in a cell only when the downlink nonHSPA power is severely congested, which may decrease the HSDPA call drop rate.

10.15 WRFD-171204 DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality


10.15.1 When to Use DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality
This feature applies to scenarios where the number of HSDPA UEs exceeds 30 and the downlink
non-HSPA power consumption is greater than 60% in a cell, such as at urban hotspots.

10.15.2 Required Information


Before activating this feature, collect the following information to evaluate whether this feature is
suitable for the live network.

Average number of HSDPA UEs in a cell


RNC counter VS.HSDPA.UE.Mean.Cell

Non-HSPA power consumption in a cell


RNC counter VS.MeanTCP.NonHS Downlink non-HSPA power consumption can be
estimated based on the linear value of (VS.MeanTCP.NonHS
MaxTxPower(BSC6900,BSC6910)/10). If the proportion is high, downlink non-HSPA power
consumption in this cell is high.

Other RNC counters and KPIs in a cell before feature activation to observe the effect of
this feature
RNC counters: VS.CellDCHUEs and VS.HSDPA.MeanChThroughput

KPIs: RRC Setup Success Ratio, CS RAB Setup Success Ratio, PS RAB Setup
Success Ratio, Mean Throughput for One HSDPA Cell, and HSDPA Call Drop Ratio

10.15.3 Deployment
10.15.3.1 Requirements

Dependencies on Hardware

The 3900 series NodeBs must be configured with the WBBPb, WBBPd, WBBPf,
or UBBPd board.
Dependencies on Other Features

This feature requires the WRFD-010610 HSDPA Introduction Package feature.

License
For details about how to activate the license, see License Management Feature Parameter
Description.
Table 10-38 NodeB
Feature ID
WRFD-171204

DPCH Power Control Based

If RAN Sharing is enabled, the licensed value is allocated among the primary and secondary
operators according to the value of the License Allocation for Multiple Operators
parameter.
Method 2: Some license control items, for example, UL CE Num, can be allocated through
both the common group and private groups. In this case, the licensed value specified by the
private group is preferentially used, and the licensed value specified by the common group
is used on a first-come, first-served basis. For NodeB license allocation in multi-operator
scenarios, see License Management Feature Parameter Description.

Others
None

10.15.3.2 Data Preparation

Parameter Name
Switch for DPCH Power Control Algorithm Based on Radio Quality

Load State for DPCH Power Control Algorithm Based on Radio Quality

Power Offset for DPCH Power Control Algorithm Based on Radio Quality

10.15.3.3 Precautions
If MAP_SRB_6800_WHEN_RAB_ON_HSDSCH_SWITCH under
MapSwitch(BSC6900,BSC6910) is turned on, the rate of the SRB is 6.8 kbit/s when services are
carried on the HSDPA, and this feature does not take effect in this case. This feature applies only
to non-voice services and the downlink DPCH can only carry HSDPA UEs using 3.4 kbit/s SRBs.

10.15.3.4 Activation
10.15.3.4.1 Using MML Commands
For setting notes of parameters, see 10.15.3.2 Data Preparation.
1.

Activate the DPCH Power Control Based on Radio Quality feature.


Run the NodeB MML command SET ULOCELLALGPARA. In this step, set Switch for
DPCH Power Control Algorithm Based on Radio Quality to ON, and set Load State for
DPCH Power Control Algorithm Based on Radio Quality and Power Offset for DPCH
Power Control Algorithm Based on Radio Quality.

10.15.3.4.2 MML Command Examples


//Running the NodeB MML command to activate DPCH Power Control Based
on Radio Quality
SET ULOCELLALGPARA:
ULOCELLID=111,RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCSW=ON,RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCLOADSTAT=DlLoa
dedState,RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCPO=50;

10.15.3.5 Activation Observation


If the value of the NodeB counter VS.RadioQualityDPCHPC.UserNum is greater than 0, this
feature has taken effect.

15.4 Performance Monitoring


Number of UEs on which this feature takes effect in a cell
Observe the NodeB counter VS.RadioQualityDPCHPC.UserNum to check the number
of UEs on which this feature takes effect in a cell.
Gains of this feature

The downlink non-HSPA power decreases when the number of UEs and traffic
volume remains unchanged in a cell.
The value of the RNC counter VS.MeanTCP.NonHS decreases.

When the traffic volume in a cell remains unchanged, the saved downlink power
can increase the number of accessed UEs in the cell or mitigate the downlink
power congestion, thereby increasing the access success rate in the cell.
The value of the RNC counter VS.CellDCHUEs increases, or the following KPIs
improve: RRC Setup Success Ratio, CS RAB Setup Success Ratio, and PS RAB
Setup Success Ratio.

When the number of UEs in a cell remains unchanged, the saved downlink
power can increase cell HSDPA throughput and single-UE HSDPA throughput.
The value of the RNC counter VS.HSDPA.MeanChThroughput or the value of the
average HSDPA throughput of a cell (NodeB KPI) increases.
NOTE:
Preferentially observe the RNC counter. Average HSDPA throughput of a cell =
VS.HSDPA.DataOutput.Traffic/(VS.HSDPA.All.ScheduledNum x 2)

Impact of this feature


This feature reduces the maximum and minimum transmit power of the A-DPCH,
decreasing the Uu synchronization possibility. As a result, the HSDPA call drop rate on
the RNC side increases. This feature decreases the downlink power consumption in a
cell only when the downlink non-HSPA power is severely congested, which may
decrease the HSDPA call drop rate on the RNC side.

10.15.5 Parameter Optimization


If the gains on non-HSPA power are not noticeable or the HSDPA call drop rate does not change
noticeably, you can set the RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCLOADSTAT parameter to a lighter state,
such as DlNormalState. In this way, this feature can take effect on more UEs, and more downlink
power can be used to increase the number of UEs accessing the cell and cell HSDPA throughput.

If the HSDPA call drop rate deteriorates severely, you can set the RADIOQUALITYDPCHPCPO
parameter to a larger value to increase the A-DPCH transmit power, thereby preventing HSDPA
call drops caused by low A-DPCH transmit power.