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A Semi - Detailed Lesson Plan in Physics

Prepared By: Roan Valeza


I.

II.

Objectives:
A. At the end of the lesson, the students are expected to:
a. differentiate the different ecological relationships ;
b. identify the ecological relationship shown by the different
organisms;
c. appreciate the importance of interactions of organisms; and
d. answer at least 7 out of 10 items correctly.
Subject Matter:
Unit: Interactions
Topic: Ecological Relationships
Concepts:
ECOLOGICAL
RELATIONSHIP
S

NONSYMBIOTI
C
RELATIONSHIP
S

SYMBIOTIC
RELATIONSHIP
S

Parasitism

Mutualism

Commensalis
m

Competition

Predation

1. Parasitism: One organism (the parasite) takes food (energy) from


another (the host) without killing it.
2. Mutualism: A relationship involving two organisms in which both
organisms benefit.
3. Commensalism: An ecological relationship between two
organisms in which one benefits and the other is not affected.
4. Competition: Two or more organisms competing for the same
food source or energy source. Competition can be inter-specific
(between individuals of different species) or intra-specific
(between individuals of the same species).
5. Predation: One organism (the predator) kills and consumes
another (the prey) for food (energy).
References:
Ferido, M., et. al. (2010). Science 7 Learners Material. pp. 127
129.

n.a., (n.y.). Tortoise Tales. Retrieved from


http://www.nsta.org/publications/interactive/galapagos/activiti
es/tortoise.html; Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
n.a., (n.y.). Ecological Relationships. Retrieved from:
http://www.pleasanton.k12.ca.us/avhsweb/thiel/apbio/labs/eco
_relationships.pdf; Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
n.a., (n.y.). Symbiotic Interactions. Retrieved from
http://media.nationalgeographic.org/assets/file/Symbiotic_Inte
ractions_1.pdf; Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
Materials:
Worksheets for the five groups, laptop, projector
III.

Learning Strategies:
a. Daily Routine
b. Recall:
Name five food chains from the food web below.

c. Motivation:
4 PICS 1 WORD: pictures will be shown and the students will
guess the terms. After the students guessed the terms, the
meaning of those terms will also be introduced.
Benefit
Harmful
Prey
Predator
Host
Parasite
Relationship
d. Lesson Proper:
Pre-Activity:

The students will be grouped and each group will be


assigned to answer/perform different activities. The groups will
be given 15 minutes to finish their tasks and they will discuss
their answers in front of the class.
Activity Proper: The groups will have different activities. (see
attached worksheets)
GROUP 1: WHO WANTS TO BE BENEFITTED?. They will
determine the symbiotic relationship of the different
organisms.
GROUP 2: FIND THE PAIR. They will name the ecological
relationship of the different pictures of interactions of
organisms.
GROUP 3: GAME OF SIGNS. They will determine if the
organisms of different relationships are benefited, harmed,
or neither harmed nor benefited.
GROUP 4: YOURS IS MINE!. They will determine if the
following group of organisms is predation or competition.
GROUP 5: PARASITE PANIC!. The group will perform a skit or
short role playing that shows parasitism.
Post-Activity:
The groups will show/discuss their works.
One correct answer corresponds to one point.
For the role playing group the rubric below will be followed.
Role was related/correct to the ecological relationship given.
10pts.
Role-play was well prepared and organized.
5pts.
Speech was clear with appropriate volume and inflection.
3pts.
Role-play captured and maintained audience interest.
2pts.

e. Generalization:
ECOLOGICAL
RELATIONSHIP
S

NONSYMBIOTI
C
RELATIONSHIP
S

SYMBIOTIC
RELATIONSHIP
S

Parasitism

Mutualism

Commensalis
m

Competition

Predation

f. Values Integration:
Let the students answer the following questions:
a. Why do we need to wash hands before eating?
b. Why do we need to cook food well before eating?
c. Why do we need to use slippers?
g. Assessment:
I.
Determine the Ecological Relationship of the following
situations.
1. Nematodes (a round worm) live in plants and gain
nourishments from the plants but do not seem to
harm it.
2. A pot contains three different plants.
3. A leech sucks blood from a man.
4. Monkeys groom each other.
5. A bear catches a fish in a river.
II.
Determine the Ecological Relationship shown by the
following organisms.
6. Caterpillar on a plant.

7. A shark kills and eats a seal.


8.

9.

IV.

Two tigers
having
rivalry.
A butterfly
gets nectar
from a
flower and
its pollens
are being
carried by the
butterfly.

10.
A
plant clings on a tree.
Assignment:
1. Name two other
examples for each of the
Ecological Relationships.
2. What is trophic level? Draw one trophic level on your notebook.
Ref: Any Science Book

ANSWERS FOR THE ASSESSMENT:


I.

II.

Determine the Ecological Relationship of the following situations.


1. Nematodes (a round worm) live in plants and gain
nourishments from the plants but do not seem to harm it.
COMMENSALISM
2. A pot contains three different plants. COMPETITION
3. A leech sucks blood from a man. PARASITISM
4. Monkeys groom each other. MUTUALISM
5. A bear catches a fish in a river. PREDATION
Determine the Ecological Relationship shown by the following
organisms.
6. Caterpillar on a plant. PARASITISM
7. A shark kills and eats a seal. PREDATION
8. Two tigers having rivalry. COMPETITION
9. A butterfly gets nectar from a flower and its pollens are being
carried by the butterfly. MUTUALISM
10.
A plant clings on a tree. COMMENSALISM

GROUP 1: Who Wants To Be Benefited?


Objective: At the end of the activity, the students are expected to:
Determine the symbiotic ecological relationships given the organisms
and the description of the relationships;
Materials:
Power point presentation for the game
Cartolina and marking pen
Procedure:

1. Play the game first in the laptop.


2. Fill out the blank spaces on the cartolina by determining the
symbiotic relationships given the organisms in the relationships.
3. Answer the guide questions below.
Symbiotic relationships are identified by how they affect the organisms
involved. The three types of symbiotic relationships are listed below
Mutualism: Both organisms benefit from the relationship.
Parasitism: One organism benefits and the other is harmed.
Commensalism: One organism benefits and there is no effect on the other.
Label each of the relationships in the box as mutualism, parasitism or
commensalism.
Organism
1
Dog

Organism 2 Description of the Relationship

Fungus

Algae

Shark

Remora

Cattle

Cattle
Egret

Human

Tapeworm

Flea

The flea feeds on the blood


from the dog. There is no
benefit to the dog and the
itching and bites may lead to
infection
The photosynthetic algae
provide food for the fungus,
which in turn provides a
suitable living environment for
the algae
The Remora fish swims
alongside the shark and take
scraps of food that the shark
drops during feeding. The
shark does not eat the Remora
and appears unaffected by its
presence.
The cattle egret follows herds
of cattle and eats the insects
that the cattle stir up as they
move through the grassland.
The cattle appears to be
unaffected by the egrets.
The tapeworm lives in the
small intestines where it feeds
and grows, robbing the
essential nutrients of human.

Symbiotic
Relationship
Parasitism

Mutualism

Commensalism

Commensalism

Parasitism

Q1. Refer to the dog and flea relationship.


a. In the dog and flea relationship, who benefits in these two, the dog or the
flea? FLEA
b. Who is harmed by this relationship, the dog or the flea? DOG
Q2. Refer to the fungus and algae relationship.
a. Who benefits in this relationship, the fungus or the algae or the two of them?
TWO OF THEM
b. Who is harmed by this relationship, the fungus or algae, or none? NO ONE IS
HARMED
Q3. Refer to the shark and remora relationship.
a. Who benefits in the two, the shark or the remora? REMORA
b. Is the shark harmed by this relationship? NO

NOTE: THE ANSWERS ARE WRITTEN IN CAPITAL LETTERS.

GROUP 2: FIND THE PAIR


Objectives: At the end of the activity, the students are expected to:

Match the organisms that live together; and


Determine the Ecological Relationship of the organisms that they
matched
Materials:
Power point presentation for the game
Cartolina and marking pens
Pictures of organisms
Procedure:
1. Drag the pictures on the game to find the partner of the organisms in column
1.
2. After the game, determine the Ecological Relationship of the organisms you
matched.

Predation
Group 1

Sea Anemone

Flower

Cat

Commensalism
Parasitism
Competition
Mutualism
Group 2

Hummingbird

Clownfish

Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus

Mosquito

Rat

Human

GUIDE QUESTIONS:
1. Which Ecological Relationships have at least one benefited organism?
PREDATION, COMPETITION, PARASITISM, MUTUALISM, COMMENSALISM (ALL)
2. Which Ecological Relationships have at least one harmed organism?
PREDATION, COMPETITION, PARASITISM
3. Which Ecological Relationship has one organism being neither harmed nor
benefitted? COMMENSALISM

NOTE: THE ANSWERS ARE WRITTEN IN CAPITAL LETTERS.


ANSWERS:

Clownfish living in a sea anemone. COMMENSALISM

Mosquito biting a hand. PARASITISM

Hummingbird gathers nectar and spread pollen from a


flower MUTUALISM

A cat eats rat

PREDATION

Two Hippopotamus compete for food or territory.


COMPETITION

GROUP 3: GAME OF SIGNS


Objective: At the end of the activity, the students are expected to:
Determine the effect of the different ecological relationships to its organisms
Materials:
Power point presentation for the game
Cartolina and marking pens
Sign cards
Procedure:
1. From the game, determine the sign of the organisms in a given pair of
organisms
2. Answer the cartolina asking for the signs in the pairs of organisms/ Ecological
Relationships

Mutualism: Both organisms benefit from the relationship.


Parasitism: One organism benefits and the other is harmed.
Commensalism: One organism benefits and there is no effect on the other.
Predation: One organism (predator) benefits and the other is killed/harmed
(prey).
Competition: Two or more organisms compete for one organism that is
harmed/ killed.
If the organism is neither be harmed or benefited
If the organism is benefited by the other organism
If the organism is harmed by the other organism

ORGANISM 1

ORGANISM 2

ECOLOGICAL
RELATIONSHIP

Predation

Bear

Fish

Lion and hyena

Water buffalo

Human

Fungi (Athletes foot)

Parasitism

Bee

Flower

Mutualism

Competition

Tree

Orchids

Commensalism

GUIDE QUESTIONS:
1. Which Ecological Relationships have at least one benefited organism?
PREDATION, COMPETITION, PARASITISM, MUTUALISM, COMMENSALISM (ALL)
2. Which Ecological Relationships have at least one harmed organism?
PREDATION, COMPETITION, PARASITISM
3. Which Ecological Relationship has one organism being neither harmed nor
benefitted? COMMENSALISM

NOTE: THE ANSWERS ARE WRITTEN IN CAPITAL LETTERS.

GROUP 4:

YOURS IS MINE!!!

Objectives: At the end of the activity, the students are expected to:
Differentiate predation and competition
Describe competition and predation
Materials:
Aquarium with different fishes
Worksheet
Procedure:
1. Observe the behaviour of the fishes inside the aquarium
2. Put small amount of fish food on the aquarium
3. Observe the behaviour of the fishes
Predation is a relationship in which members of one species (the
predator) consume members of another species (the prey).
Competition: Two or more organisms competing for the same food
source or energy source. Competition can be:
o interspecific (between individuals of different species) or
o intraspecific (between individuals of the same species).
Activity 1: Aquarium and Fishes
GUIDE QUESTIONS:
1. What are the fishes do when you have not yet put the food in the
aquarium?
2. When you put the food on the aquarium/fish bowl, what happened to
the fishes? How do they behave?
3. Is it a Competition or Predation? If it is a competition, what kind of
competition it is?
Activity 2: 10 Amazing Animal Predator
Procedure:
1. Watch the video about the 10 Amazing Animal Predator.
2. Take note of the animals shown in the video and answer the guide
questions.
GUIDE QUESTIONS:
1. Name three predators on the video
2. How do you call the victims of the predators?
3. Is it predation or competition?
4. What is the use of the other animal/s to the predators?
5. Which is harmed in the relationship, the predators or the prey?
6. Which is benefitted in the relationship, the predator or the prey?

GROUP 5:

PARASITE PANIC!!!

Objectives: At the end of the activity, the students are expected to:
Make a skit that shows parasitism or situation related to it
Show/cite things that will prevent/avoid parasitism
Procedure:
1. Let the group discuss first what is parasitism
2. Think of a situation that shows or reflect parasitism
3. Make a short skit/ role playing about it
4. Make the role playing lasts for 3 to 4 minutes
Parasitism
Parasitism: One organism (the parasite) takes food (energy) from
another (the host) without killing it. A tick feeding on a host is a good
example of parasitism. The host is not directly killed by the tick, which
benefits from the relationship while the host is adversely affected, as it feeds
on the host's blood.
Rubric for Scoring:
Role was related/correct to the ecological relationship given.
10pts.
Role-play was well prepared and organized.
5pts.
Speech was clear with appropriate volume and inflection.
3pts.
Role-play captured and maintained audience interest.
2pts.