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9 4 6 TRAILER HARNESS

i
BRAKES (BLUE),

L.H. STOP & DIR. (YELLOW)

R.H. STOP & D I R .

(DK. GREEN)

T A I L LIGHTS (BROWN)

BACK-UP LIGHTS (LT. GREEN)


FUEL GAUGE (TAN)

L.H. STOP & DIR. (YELLOW)


R.H. STOP & D I R . (DK. GREEN)
T A I L LIGHTS (2-BROWN)
BACK-UP L l GHTS (2-LT. GREEN)
FUEL GAUGE (TAN)
Fig. 9-106-Trailer Harness Adapter (Medium To Heavy Trailers - 7 Wire)
TO FRONT
BODY W l RING
(CONNECTOR I N TRUNK)

TO REAR
BODY W I R I N G
(CONNECTOR I N TRUNK)

E
18
18
18
18
16
16

TAN
LT GREEN
BROWN
BLUE
DK GREEN
YELLOW

18 BROWN

I
6 OK GREEN

-7

16 YELLOW

-I

fB-

TO BRAKES
TO BATTERY

>
>
>
3

l.

12 OK BLUE
10 RED

((I GROUND

(BACK UP) 18 LT GREEN -----------(BATTERY) 10 RED

(BRAKES) 12 OK BLUE ----- -(RH STOP 8 DIR) 16 DK GREEN


,\\,

BLUE AND RED W I RES


ARE COILED OUT AND TAPED
UNDER THE INS TRUMENT
PANEL. THEY SHOULD NOT
BE CONNECTED UNTIL TRAILER
REQU I REMENTS A RE KNOWN.

,--I4
4 - 1 8
' /-I6

/ A// /

WHITE (GROUND)
BROWN (TAIL LIGHTS)
YELLOW (L.H STOP 6 DIR.)

:::?

TO TRAILER W 1 R l N G (CONNECTOR NOT SUPPLIED)

Fig. 9-107 -Trailer Harness Wiring (7 Wire)

METRIC BOLT AND NUT INFORMATION 10-1

MET'RIC
INFORMATION
USE OF METRIC AND CUSTOMARY NUTS,BOLTS AND SCREWS
Some of the 1977 model cars present special service requirements to the technician due to the use of both
metric and customary (inch) type nuts, bolts and screws on the same car. Many are metric and some are
very close in dimension t o customary nuts, bolts and screws in the inch system. Mismatched or incorrect
nuts, bolts and screws can result in damage, malfunction or possible personal injury. Nuts, bolts and screws
removed from the car should be saved for re-use whenever possible. If they are not re-usable, care should be
taken to select a replacement that matches the original.
General Motors Engineering Standards have adopted a portion of the standard metric fastener sizes defined
by S1 (Systeme International). This was done t o reduce the number of sizes used and yet retain the best
strength characteristics in each thread size. For example, the customary 1/4-20 and 1/4-28 screws are
replaced by the metric M6.3 x 1 screw which has nearly the same diameter and 25.4 threads per inch. The
thread pitch is in between the customary coarse and fine thread pitches.
Metric and customary thread notation differ slightly. The difference is illustrated below.

CUSTOMARY

METRIC

Thread Major
Diameter
in Inches

Thread Major
Diameter
in Millimetres

Number of
Threads

Distance

per Inch

Between Threads
in Millimetres

Care should be taken when servicing the car to guard against cross threading or improper retention due to
interchanged metric and inch nuts and bolts.
When obtaining metric or customary nuts, bolts, and screws locally for servicing the cax, care must be
exercised in selecting parts that are equivalent to the original parts in dimensions, strength, and pitch of
threads.

10-2 METRIC BOLT AND NUT INFORMATION


I
I

METRIC BOLT AND NUT IDENTIFICATION

Common metric fastener strength property classes are 9.8 and 10.9 with the class identification
embossed on the head of each bolt. Customary (inch) strength classes range from grade 2 to 8 with
line identification embossed on each bolt head. Markings correspond to two lines less than the
actual grade (i.e. grade 7 bolt will exhibit 5 embossed lines on the bolt head). Some metric nuts will
be marked with single digit strength identification numbers on the nut face. The following figure
illustrates the different strength markings.

GRADE 2

GRADE 5

(GM 2 0 S M )

( G M 280-M)

GRADE 7
( G M 290-M)

GRADE 8
(GM 300-M)

Customary (inch) bolts - ldentification marks correspond to bolt


strength - lncreasing numbers represent increasing strength.

Metric Bolts - ldentification class numbers correspond to bolt


strength - lncreasing numbers represent increasing strength.

I
MANUFACTURERS
IDENTIFICATION

NUT STRENGTH
IDENTIFICATION
POSIDRIV
SCREW HEAD

IDENTIFICATION MARKS

(4)

I
I

i
1

to get equivalent
number of:

by

Multiply

Mu1ti ply

LENGTH
Inch
Foot
Yard
Mile

ACCELERATION
millimetres (mm)
metres (m)
metres
kilometres (km)

25.4
0.304 8
0.914 4
1.609

AREA
I nch2

~ootlsec~
1nch/sec2

millimetres2 (mm2)
centimetres2 (cm2)
metres2 (m2)
metres2

16 387.
16.387
0.016
0.946
3.785
0.764

Quart
Gallon
Y ard3

0.112 98
1.355 8

newton-metres (N-m)
newton-metres

Horsepower

0.746

kilowatts (kW)

PRESSURE OR STRESS
Inches of mercury
Pounds/sq. in.

33
litres (1)

4
4
4
6

litres
litres
met re s3 (m3)

0.453 6
907.1 8
0.907

3.377
6.895

kilopascals (Wa)
kilopascals

ENERGY OR WORK

BTU
Foot-pound
Kilowatt-hour

MASS
Pound
To n
Ton

metre/sec2 (m/s2)
metre/sec2

POWER

VOLUME
1nch3

0.304 8
0.025 4

TORQUE
Pound-inch
Pound-foot

645.2
6.45
0.092 9
0.836 1

~ o o t ~
yard2

to get equivalent
number of:

by

kilograms (kg)
kilograms (kg)
tonne (t)

1 055.
1.355 8
3 600 000.
or 3 . 6 ~ 1 0 ~

joules (J)
joules
joules (J = one W's)

LIGHT
Foot candle

10.764

lumenslme tre2 (lm/rn2)

FORCE
FUEL PERFORMANCE
Kilogram
Ounce
Pound

newtons (N)
newtons
newtons

9.807
0.278 0
4.448

Mileslgal
Gallmile

TEMPERATURE

OF

-40

t I
-40
O c

' '1' 'I'


-20

degree Celsius (C)


OF

98.6

32
40
1

l
20

80

120

kilometres/litre (krn/l)
litres/kilometre (l/km)

VELOCITY

("F-32) f 1.8

Degree Fahrenheit

0.425 1
2.352 7

l
40
37

200

160
1

l
60

80

212
l

100
O c

Miles/hour

1.609 3

kilometres/hr . (km/h)

feet

inches

inches

12

132

in.ches

inches

inches

inches

inches

24
144
264
384
504
624

36
156
2 76
396
516
636

48
168
288
408
528
648

1, 10

20
30
40
50

120
240
360
480
600

252
37 2
492
612

inches

inches

inches

84
204
324
444
564
684

96
216
336
4 56
576
696

108
228
348
468
588
708

feet

1
1

--

60
180
300
420
540
660

72
192
31 2
432
552
672

10
20
30
40
50

S.I. METRIC-CUSTOMARY CONVERSION TABLES 10-5

MILES TO KI LOMETR ES
7

mile

km

km

km

km

km

km

km

km

km

km

10
20

12.875
11.265
8.047
9.656
1.609
3.219
4.828
6.437
16.093 1 7 . 7 0 3 - 1 9 . 3 1 2 2 0 . 9 2 1 2 2 . 5 3 1 2 4 . 1 4 0 2 5 . 7 5 0 2 7 . 3 5 9 2 8 . 9 6 8
38.624 40.234 41.843 43.452 45.062
32.187 33.796 35,406 37.015

mile

-14.484
30.578 - 1 0
46.671
20

3048.28049.89051.499-53.108-54.71856.32757,936-T
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
<

64.374
80.467
96.561
112.65
128.75
144.84
160.93

65.983 67.593
82.077 83.686
98.170
99.779
114.26
115.87
130.36
131.97
146.45 148.06
162.54
164.15

69.202
85.295
101.39
117.48
133.58
149.67
165.76

70.811
86.905
103.00
119.09
135.19
151.28
167.37

72.421
88.514
104.61
120.70
136.79
152.89
168.98

74.030
90.123
106.22
122.31
138.40
154.50
170.59

75.639
91.733
107.83
123.92
140.01
156.11
172.20

77.249
93.342
109.44
125.53
141.62
157.72
173.81

78.858
94.951
111.04
127.14
143.23
159.33
175.42

40
50
60
70
80
90
100

KILOMETRES TO MILES
I

km

mil

mil

mil

mil

mil

mil

mil

mil

mil

mil

6.214
12.427
18.641
24.855
31.069
37.282
43.497
49.711
55.924
62.138

0.621
6.835
13.049
19.263
25.477
31.690
37.904
44.118
50.332
56.545
62.759

1.243
7.457
13.670
19,884
26.098
32.311
38.525
44.739
50.953
57.166
63.380

1.864
8.078
14.292
20.506
26.720
32.933
39.147
45.361
51.575
57.788
64.002

2.486
8.699
14.913
21.127
27.341
33.554
39.768
45.982
52.196
58.409
64.623

3.107
9.321
15.534
21.748
27.962
34.175
40.389
46.603
52.817
59.030
65.244

3.728
9.942
16.156
22.370
28.584
34.797
41.011
47.225
53.439
59.652
65.866

4.350
10.562
16.776
22.990
29.204
35.417
41.631
47.845
54.059
60.272
66.486

4.971
11.185
17.399
23.613
29.827
36.040
42.254
48.468
54.682
60.895
67.109

5.592
11.805
18.019
24.233
30.447
36.660
42.874
49.088
55.302
61.515
67.729

--

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

km

--

10.20
30
40
50
60 ,
70,
80
90
100

GALLONS (U.S.) TO LITRES


r

U .S.
!3a 1

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

U.S.

37.8543
75.7085
113.5528
151.4171
189.2713
227.1256
264.9799
302.8342
340.6884
378.5427

3.7854
41.6397
79.4940
117.3482
155.2025
193.0568
230.9110
268.7653
306.6196
344.4738
382.3281

7.5709
45.4251
83.2794
121.1337
158.9879
196.8422
234.6965
272.5507
310.4050
348.2593
386.1135

1 1.3563
49.2105
87.0648
124.9191
162.7734
200.6276
238.4819
276.3362
314.1904
352.0447
389.8990

15.1417
52.9960
90.8502
128.7045
166.5588
204.4131
242.2673
280.1216
31 7.9759
355.8301
393.6844

18.9271 22.7126 26.4980


56.7814 60.5668 64.3523
94.6357 98.4211 102.2065
132.4899 136.2754 140.0608
170.3442 174.1296 1 77.9151
208.1985 21 1.9839 215.7693
246.0527 249.8382 253.6236
283.9070 287.6924 291.4779
321.7613 325.5467 329.3321
359.6156 363.4010 367.1864
397.4698 401.2553 405.0407

gal

-30.2834 34.0638
68.1377 71.9231
10
105.9920 109.7774 20
143.8462 147.6316 30
181.7005 185.4859 40
219.5548 223.3402 50
257.4090 261 .I945 60
295.2633 299.0487 70
333.1176 336.9030 80
370.9718 374.7573 90
408.8261 412.6115 100

10-6 S.I. METRIC-CUSTOMARY COiWERSION TABLES

LITRES T O GALLONS (U.S.)

G A L L O N S (IMP.) T O LITRES
f

IMP

31.821 7
77.2813
122.7409
168.0005
213.6601
259.1 197
304.5793
350.0389
395.4985
440.9581
486.41 77

36.3677
81.8275
127.2869
172.7465
218.2061
263.6657
-309.1253
354.5849
400.0445
445.9041
490.9637

40.9136
86.3732
131.8328
177.2924
222.7520
268.21 16
313.67 12
359.1308
404.5904
450.0500
495.5096

gal

-4.5460
9.091 9 13.6379 18.1838 22.7298 27.2758
10
45.4596 50.0056 54.5515 59.0975 63.6434 68.1894 72.2354
20
90.91 92 95.4652 100.0111 104.5571 109.1030 113.6490 118.1950
30 136.3788 140.9248 145.4707 150.0167 154.5626 159.1086 163.6546
40 1 181.8384 186.3844 190.9303 195.4763 200.0222 ,204.5682 209.1 142
50 227.2980 23 1.8440 236.3899 240.9359 245.48 18 1250.0278 254.5738
60 272.7576 277.3036 281 3495 286.3955 290.9414 295.4874 300.0334
70 318.21 72 322.7632 327.3091 331.8551 336.4010 340.9470 345.4930
80 363.6768 368.2223 372.7687 377.3147 381.8606 386.4066 390.9526
90 409.1 364 41 3.6824 41 8.2283.422.7743 427.3202 431.8662 436.41 22
100 454.5960 459.1 420 463.6879 468.2339 472.7798 477.3258 481.871 8

LITRES TO GALLONS (IMP.)

IMP
gal

-1020
30
40
50
60
70 8090 100

- -

S.1. METRIC--CUSTOMARY CONVERSION TABLES 10-7

POUNDS TO KILOGRAMS

KILOGRAMS TO POUNDS

POUNDS PER SQUARE INCHES TO KILOPASCALS

10-8 S.I. METRIC-CUSTOMARY CONVERSION TABLES

KILOPASCALS TO POUNDS PER SQUARE INCHES


f

kPa

lb/in2

lb/in2

lb/io2

lb/in2

lb/in2

lb/in2

lb/in2

lb/in2

lb/in2

(blinb

.I450
.2901
10
1.4504 1
.
5
9
5
4
1
.
8
8
5
5
1
-

.4351

-'

20
2.9007 [ 3.0458 ,3.1908(
30 1 4.3511 1 4.4961 1 4.6412 1
40 ( 5.80151 5.9465 1 6.09161
50
7.2518 1 7.3969 1 7.5419
60
8.7022 ( 8.8473 1 8.9923
70 10.1526 10.2976 10.4427
80 11.6030 11.7480 118930
90 1 13.0533 1 13.1984 1 13.3434 1
100 1 14.5037 1 14.6487 1 14.79381

.7252

.8702 1.0153
1 .I603 1.3053
2.3206 2.4656 2.6107'
4.0610 4.2061
3.3359 3.4809 3.6259 1 3.7710 1 3.9160
4.7862 4.9313 5.0763 ( 5.2213 1 5.3664 1 5.5114 5.6564
6.2366 6.3816 6.5267 6.6717 1 6.81671 6.9618 7.1068
7.6870 7.83mP, 7.9770-,--8.1221
1- 8.2671 ' 8.4121 8.5572 1
'
9.1373 9.1824 9.4274 9.5724 1 9.7175
9.8625 10.0076
10.5877 10.7327 10.8778 11.0228 1 11.1678 71.3129 11.4579
12.0381 112.1831 12.3281 12.4732 112.6182 12.7633 12.9083
13.4884 13.6335 1 13.7785 1 13.9236 14.0686 14.2136 1 14.3587
14.9388 15.0838 ) 15.2289 ) 15.3739 15.5190 15.6640 1 15.8090

POUND FEET TO

.-

--

10
20
30
40
5060
70
80
90
100

NEWTON-METRES
1

ft-lb

1
I

.5801 1

kPa

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

N .m

N .m

N-m

N .rn

N .rn

N.rn

N-m

N.m

N .m

ft-lb

N -m
I

1.3558 2.7116 4.0675 5.42331 6.7791 8.1349 9.4907 10.8465 12.2024


13.5582 14.9140 16.2698, 17.6256 "i.9815 20.3373 21.6931 23.0489 1 24.4047 25.76051
27.1164 28.4722 29.8280 1 31 .1 838 1 32.5396 33.89541 35.2513 36.6071 1 37.9629 39.3187 1
40.6745 1 42.0304 43.3862 1 44.74201 46.0978 47.45361 48.80941 50.1653 ( 51.5211 [ 52.8769 1
1 54.2327 1 55,5885 56.94441 58.3002 59.6560 61 .01181 62.3676 1 63.7234 1 65.0793 1 66.4351 (
1 67.79091 69.1467 70.5025j 71.8584 '3.21 42 74.57001 75.9258( 77.2816 ( 78.6374' 79.9933 1
1 81.3491 82.7049)84.06071 85.4165 86.7724 88.12821 89.48401 90.3898) 92.1956 93.5514 1
1 94.9073 96.2631 1 97.6189 1 98.97471 100.33051 101.68631 103.04221 104.3980 1105.7538 107.1096 1
I 108.4654 109.8213 1 1 1 1 .I 771 1 112.5329 1 1 3.88871 1 1 5.24451 1 1 6.60031 1 1 7.9562 11 19.3120 120.6678
1122.0236 123.3794j124.7353 126.0911 127.44691128.8027(130.1585'131.5143[132.8702 134.2260
1 135.5818 136.93761 138.2934 139.6493 141.0051 1 142.36091 143.7167 145.0725 1146.4283 147.7842

NEWTON-METRES TO POUND FEET

--

10
20 '
30 '
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

-7

DECIMAL AND S J . METRIC EQUIVALENTS 10-9

DECIMAL AND METRIC EQUIVALENTS


Fractions

Decimal

Metric

In.

MM .

Fractions

Decimal

Metric

In.

MM.