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Emil Mazuw

He remained in the Reichsmarine until 1921, then worked


as a factory worker until 1925. He remained unemployed
until 1932, when he worked as a truck driver in Coburg.
His 1932 marriage granted him three children. In 1928
he joined the Sturmabteilung and the Nazi Party (member number: 85231),[1] changing to join the SS in 1930
(member number: 2556).
He was head of SS-Abschnitt XVIII from November
1933 until the beginning of September 1934, when he
subsequently became leader of SS-Abschnitt XIII until April 1936.[2] From 1936, Mazuw was a member of
the Reichstag of the Nazi Party from the tenth to the
eleventh electoral period for the 6th constituency, Pommern. From April 1936 until the beginning of May 1945,
Mazuw was leader of the Ostsee SS-Oberabschnitt, and
from August 1938 to the end of the same period, he was
Higher SS and Police leader (HSSPF) in the district Nord
(North), in 1940 renamed Ostsee (Baltic Sea), with
his oce in Stettin.[3] Of eighteen HSSPFs in Nazi Germany, Mazuw was the only one who held this position
more than ve years.[4]
From 1940 to 1945 he was Landeshauptmann (nominal
governor) of the Province of Pomerania.[3] In this position, together with Pomeranian Gauleiter Franz SchwedeCoburg, he was engaged in the "Aktion T4" euthanasia
action, aiding the dispatchment of some 1,400 mental
care clients from Pomeranian sanatories in Stralsund,
Ueckermnde, Treptow an der Rega, Lauenburg and
Meseritz-Obrawalde to an execution site in Piasnitz,
Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia, where they were shot.[5]

Emil Mazuw

Emil Gottlieb Mazuw, formerly Emil Gottlieb


Maschuw, (born September 21, 1900 in Essen, died
December 11, 1987 in Karlsruhe) was Landeshauptmann
(nominal governor) of the Province of Pomerania from
1940 to 1945. He was a member of the SS since 1933.
He held the ranks of SS-Obergruppenfhrer, General of
the Waen-SS (1944), General of Police (1942) and
Ostsee Higher SS and Police leader (19391945). He was
engaged in euthanasia during the Second World War. He
was convicted after the war of crimes associated with
abuses of political prisoners and Jews. He was sentenced
to 16 years imprisonment.

Himmler, however, thought that Mazuw was not active


enough, and in December 1944 sent him a letter of reprimand (..."you are a representative of the SS and not that
of the local mayor or of the local party oces working
against the SS...).[6]
Writer Igor Witkowski has speculated that Mazuw was
involved in secret programs to develop a Wunderwae, a
new type of weapon supposed to change the course of the
second world war.[7]

Life

After the war, Mazuw was held captive. In 1948 he was


prosecuted relating to denazication proceedings, and
was sentenced to eight years in prison. On the basis of
severely abusing political prisoners and Jews in 1933, he
received another 8 1 2 -year prison sentence in 1951.[8] He
later found employment after his sentence. He died in
December 1987 in Karlsruhe.[9]

Mazuw, the son of a factory worker, was a trained metal


worker. In 1918 he voluntarily joined the Navy, and saw
service in the First World War. After the armistice, his
ship along with the rest of the German High Seas Fleet
was interned by the British at Scapa Flow. After the German Sailors scuttled their ships, they were held in English
prisoner of war camps. Mazuw was returned to Germany
in 1920.
1

Decorations

References

[1] Digitale Bibliothek - Mnchener Digitalisierungszentrum (in German). Bavarian State Library. Retrieved
2009-09-22.
[2] Emil Mazuw (in Polish). www.dws-xip.pl. Retrieved
2009-09-22.
[3] Provinz Pommern (in German). territorial.de. Retrieved 2009-09-22.
[4] Koehl (1983), p.354
[5] Browning (2007), p.187
[6] Longerich (2012), p.337
[7] Farell (2006), pp.145-147, citing and referring to
Witkowski (2003), pp.236-237
[8] Birn. Die Hheren SS- und Polizeifhrer. p.340.
[9] Klee. Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich p. 398.

Bibliography
Klee, Ernst. Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich, Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN
978-3-596-16048-8. (Revised 2nd edition)
Birn, Ruth Bettina.
Die Hheren SS- und
Polizeifhrer. Himmlers Vertreter im Reich und in
den besetzten Gebieten. Droste Verlag, Dsseldorf
1986, ISBN 3-7700-0710-7
Farrell, Joseph P. (2006). The SS Brotherhood of the
Bell: Nasas Nazis, JFK, And Majic-12. Adventures
Unlimited Press. ISBN 1931882614.
Browning, Christopher R. (2007). The Origins of
the Final Solution: The Evolution of Nazi Jewish Policy, September 1939-March 1942. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-5979-4.
Witkowski, Igor (2003). Truth about the Wunderwae. European History Press. ISBN 83-8825916-4.
Koehl, Robert Lewis (1983). The Black Corps: the
structure and power struggles of the Nazi SS. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-09190-2.
Pfeier, Roland (2003). Lexikon der Wehrmacht.
Zur Geschichte der Ordnungspolizei.IV. Hhere
SS- und Polizeifhrer HSSPF und Befehlshaber der
Ordnungspolizei BdO im Reichsgebiet. (in German). Volksbund Deutscher Kriegsgrberfrsorge
e.V. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
Longerich, Peter (2012). Heinrich Himmler. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-019-965174-0.

EXTERNAL LINKS

5 External links
Literature about Emil Mazuw in the catalogue of the
German National Library

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

6.1

Text

Emil Mazuw Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Mazuw?oldid=717276690 Contributors: Angilbas, Bender235, West Virginian,


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6.2

Images

File:Emil_Mazuw.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/46/Emil_Mazuw.jpg License: Public domain Contributors: E. Kienast (Hg.): Der Grodeutsche Reichstag 1938, IV. Wahlperiode, R. v. Deckers Verlag, G. Schenck, Berlin 1938 Original
artist: L. Klett, Stettin

6.3

Content license

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