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# 1st Mathematics 1B

Aims tutorial
Q18.Straght lines
1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

(ii)

Find the orthocenter of the triangle whose vertices are (5, -7), (13, 2), (-5, 6)
If the equations of the sides of the triangle are 7x+y10=0, x-2y+5=0, x+y+2=0, find the orthocenter of the
triangle.
Find the circumcentre of the triangle whose vertices are
(1, 3), (-3, 2), (5, -1)
Find the circumcentre of the triangle whose sides are 3xy-5=0, x+2y-4=0, 5x+3y+1=0.
If Q(h, k) is the foot of perpendicular from p(x1, y1) on the
line ax+by+c=0 then P.T

hx 1 k y 1 (a x 1+b y 1+c)
=
=
2
2
a
b
a +b
6.

3.

6.

7.

(v)

h2=ab

(vi)

g2=a f 2 ,

,b

f bc
b (a+b)

g2ac
a (a+b)

or 2

1.

## Find the centroid and area of the triangle formed by the

lines 12x2-20xy -7y2=0, and 2x-3y +4=0.
Find the condition for the the lines joining the origin to the
points of intersection of the circle
x2 +y2=r2 and the line lx+my=1 to coincide.(right angle at
the origin)
Find the value of k, if the equation
2x2-kxy -6y2 +3x+y+1=0 represents a pair of straight
lines. Find the point of intersection of the lines and the
angle b/w the straight lines for this value of k.

Cos

g ac

## If a ray makes angles

, , and

with four

diagonals of a cube ,
S.T
2.

4
3.

## Find the angle between two lines which are non-parallel

and whose direction ratios satisfy the equations
(i)
6mn+5lm-2ln=0, and 3l+m+5n=0.
(ii)
L +m + n=0, l2+m2+n2=0
(iii)
L +m +n=0, 2lm +2nl-mn=0.
(iv)
Find the angle b/w two diagonals of a cube.

Q22Differentiation

1.

If y=tan-1

1+ x 2+ 1x2
1+ x2 1x 2

dy
.
dx
2.

If y =

## x tan x +sin x cos x

Q20.Theorems:

(i)

f b g c h =0

=0.

a+b

(ab)2+ 4 h2

Find the angle between the lines joining the origin to the
points of intersection of the curve
x2+2xy +y2 +2x +2y -5=0 and

+1

=abc +2fgh a

f bc .

the line 3x -y
5.

## Find the value of k, if the lines joining the origin to the

points of intersection of the curve
2x2-2xy +3y2 +2x y -1=0 and the line x + 2y =k are
mutually perpendicular.
Show that the pair of straight lines
6x2-5xy-6x2=0, 6x2-5xy-6x2+x+5y-1=0 form a square.
Show that the lines joining the origin to the points of
intersection of the curve
x2-xy +y2 +3x +3y -2=0 and the line
x -y-

4.

(iv)

h ab ,

2.

a +2 h +b
(ab)2 + 4 h2

sec + y csc =a

## x cos y sin =a cos 2

n2 h2 ab
(a m22 hlm+b l 2)

Area=

## If P and Q are lengths of perpendiculars from the origin

to the straight lines
X

1.

(iii)

## If Q(h, k) is the image of p(x1, y1) w.r.to straight line

ax+by+c=0 then P.T

hx 1 k y 1 2( a x 1 +b y 1 +c )
=
=
a
b
a2+ b2
7.

important Questions
2
2
h( x y
)=(a-b)xy.

3.

4.

If

x y= y x

y1

dy
.
dx

dy
y x + y logy
= y
x1
dx
x logx+ x y

## hten show tha

dy x( xlogy y )
=
dx y ( ylogxx)

1st Mathematics 1B

Aims tutorial
5.

If y=

4.

tan

dy
1
=
dx 1+ x 2

1x 2

6.

If

7.

If y = x

[ ]

2x
4 x4 x
1 3 xx
1
+ tan
tan
2
2
2
4
1x
13 x
16 x + x

1 y 2

a2 + x 2

+a2log[x +

the cylinder is
5.

6.

dy
.
dx

=a(x-y), find

a2 + x 2

], find

dy
.
dx
8.

2.

, g(x) =tan-1

x
x

3.
4.

1

9.

F(x) =

(a2 b2 ) 2 cos1

+b
( acosx
a+ bcosx )

5.
6.

-1

## S.T f(x) = (a+bcosx) .

Q23tangents and normals
1.

2
3

x + y =a
2.

x y =a

4.

5.
6.

2
3

m +n

## Show that AP: PB is constant.

Show that the curves y2 = 4(x+1) and y2=36(9-x) intersect
orthogonally.
at any point t on the curve x= a(t + sint),
y=a (1-cost), find the length of tangent, normal, sub
tangent, subnormal.
Find the angle between (i)y2 = 4x, x2 + y2 =5, (ii)xy=2,
x2+4y=0.
Find the value of k so that the length of the sub-normal at
any point on the curve x.yk=ak+1 is a constants.

2.
3.

## A wire of length l is cut into two parts which are bent

respectively in the form of a square and a circle. What are
the lengths of pieces of the wire so that the sum of the
areas is the least?
Find two positive numbers whose sum is 16 and sum of
whose squares is minimum.
From a rectangular sheet of dimensions 30cmx80cm four
equal squares of side x cm are removed at the corners,
and the sides are then turned up so as to form an open
rectangular box. Find x so that the volume of the box is the
greatest.

r.

## A window is in a shape of a rectangle surmounted by a

semi circle. If the perimeter of the window is 20 feet, find
the maximum area.
Prove that the radius of the right circular cylinder of
greatest curved surface area which can be inscribed in a
given cone is half of that of the cone.

A (2, 3), B (-3, 4) are two points. Find the equation of locus
of p so that the area of the triangle PAB is 8.5.
Find the equation of the locus of P, if the ratio of the
distances from P to A(5, -4), and B(7, 6) is 2:3.
The ends of the hypotenuse of a right angled triangle are
(0, 6), and (6, 0). Find the equation of its third vertex.
A(1, 2), B(2, -3) and C(-2, 3)are three points. A point P
moves such that PA2+PB2=2PC2.show that the equation of
the locus of P is 7x-7y +4=0.
Find the equation of locus of P, if A(4, 0),B(-4, 0) and |PAPB|=4.
Find the equation of locus of P, so that the distance from
the origin is twice the distance of P from A (1, 2).
Q12
When the origin is shifted to the point (2, 3),the
transformed equation of the curve is
2

2.

3.

Find the

## original equation of the curve.

When the origin is shifted to the point (-1, 2),by the
translation of axes. Find the transformed equation of

x 2+ y 2 +2 x4 y+ 1=0

## When the axes are rotated through an angle 300,find the

transformed equation of

x 2+2 3 xy y 2=a 2 .
4.

## When the axes are rotated through an angle 450,find the

transformed equation of

3 x2 +10 xy +3 y 2=9.
5.

## When the axes are rotated through an angle 450, the

transformed equation of the curve is

## Q24.Maxima and minima

1.

x +3 xy 2 y +17 x7 y11=0.

## .T the length AB is constant.

If the tangent at any point on the curve
m

3.

1.

2
3

Questions

Q11
1.

If f(x) =sin-1

important

## If the curved surface of right circular a cylinder inscribed in

a sphere of radius r is maximum, show that the height of

## equation of the curve.

When the axes are rotated through an angle

, find

cos + ysin= p .
6.

[ ]

1
2h
tan1
2
ab

## so as to remove the xy terms from

Aims tutorial
1st Mathematics 1B
2
2
the equation ax + 2 hxy+ b y =0, if a b and
4.
through the angle

1.
2.
3.

4.

, if a=b.

important Questions
2
1 1x 1
1
tan
If f(x) =
,g(x)= tan x
x

5.

a x 2+ 2hxy +b y 2 =0.

If

6.

## x y then show that

7.

ax by c 0, bx cy a 0

and

1.

cx ay b 0

7.

8.
9.

dy
y2
y2
=
=
dx x (1logy) x (1 ylogx)

x 3y 6 0

of the lines
and
.
Find the value of k, if the angle between the straight lines
4x y + 7 = 0 and kx 5y- 9 = 0 is 45.
If the straight lines

If=

6.

then P.T

d 2 x ( h ab)
=
d y 2 (hx +by )3

3x 4 y 7

5.

## are concurrent, then prove that a3 + b3 + c3 =

3abc.
Find the value of k, So that straight lines y 3kx + 4 = 0
and
(2k 1)x (8k-1) y 6 = 0 are perpendicular.
Find the equation lines passing from point (-3,2) and
making an angle 45 with the line 3x-y+4=0
If the perpendicular distance of the straight line from the

If

x y = y x , then S .T

2.

dy x (xlog y y)
=
dx y ( ylogxx )

Q16
Find the equation of tangent and normal to the
(i) Curve y=5x4 at the point (1, 5).
(ii) Xy=10 at the point (2, 5).

x 3+ 4 x 2

(iii) Y=

## Show that length of subnormal at any point on the curve

2

y =4 ax is a constant .
3.

x

1
1
1

P2 a2 b2

4.

5.

## the point where the curve meets the Y-axes.

Show that the tangent at p(x1, y1) on the curve
1
2

6.

## Find the derivative from First principle of function

xsin x
,

cos ax

x+1
y

1
2

x+ y= a is y y 1 + x x 1 =a

Q14, Q15
1.

cos 2 x ,

sec 3 x , tan2 x
1.

. Logx

x y

2.

If

x =e

3.

If

dy sin (a+ y )
=
dx
sina

then

## differentiate f(x) with respect to g(x).

Q13
If 3a+2b+4c=0, then show that ax+by+c=0 represents
a family of lines and find point of concurrency .
Find the equation line perpendicular to the line
3x+4y+6=0 making an intercept -4 on the X-axis.
Find the equation of lines passing from point of
intersection of lines 3x + 2y + 4 = 0; 2x + 5y = 1 and
whose distance from (2, -1) is 2.
Find the equation of the straight line parallel to the line

x 2y 3 0

dy
logx
=
dx (1+ logx)2

2.
.
3.

, then S.T

4.

5.

1
2

x
3

at

## At any point t on the curve x=a(cost+tsint)

y=a(sint-tcost) find lengths of sub tangent ,subnormal.
Q17
the distance time formula for the motion of particle
along straight line is s2=t3-9t2+24t-18 find when and
where velocity becomes zero.
A container in the shape of an inverted cone has height
12cm and radius 6cm at the top. If it is filled with water at
the rate of 12cm3/sec, what is the rate of change in the
height of water level when the tank is filled 8cm?
A stone is dropped into a quiet lake and ripples move in
circles at the speed of 5cm/sec. at the instant when the
radius of circular ripple is 8cm. how fast is the enclosed
area increases.
A balloon, which always remains spherical on inflation, is
being inflated by pumping in 900c.c of gas per second.
Find the rate at which the radius of balloon increases when
The radius of a circle is increasing at the rate of
0.7cm/sec. what is the rate of increases of it
circumference.

Aims tutorial
6.

## The radius of an air bubble is increasing at the rate of

1
cm/sec
2
7.

1st Mathematics 1B

## increasing when the radius is 1cm?

Suppose we have a rectangular aquarium with dimensions
of length 8m, width 4m and height 3m. suppose we are
filling the tank with water at the rate of 0.4m3/sec. how
fast is the height of water changing when the water level
is 2.5m?

important

Questions