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ULY 9

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19AI_

.

_1943

82D

AIRBORN.E

119-

DIVISIONI

SICILY AMD ITALY

PART

I

-

I-RETYF.A.CE

W-- iiSgo

The

82d

Iflantry Divisioh,

a

unit

which'spen.t moro consecutive

orld. War1 I

it

was

the

82d

and

whioh

became

days.under

a

card

total

in

first

fire than any other Americnian Divisioini

of' 1., 035 men killed and 6 387 other casual.tiesa became more

the .'War Department

Loi)i anaa

three 'reserve'

reactivated

on 25 March l)42.when

suffered

a

Camp

of

file

To

than

at

Claibarne,

the

.With the- 77th arnd

divisions

90th Divisions,

reactivated

one

to be

for service in

World jar

I World

ear

I

the .82d Division

had, participated

in

the Lorraine,

Sto

Mihiel

and

I

Afreu.s-trgonne

in

offensiveso

1I

in

a

.Its

full

of.fi.cer

general

aranks

had

included

of

Gen:er.al

Ma jor

Jornathan

M,

3aiainwright ,

Czolt.orel

World YTar

Ho Lee,

Zone

in

and' the hero

B.AtIAAN;

and

and Lieutenant

of

Sgt

the

.

3JDhznO,C

WiorLd Wiar

XI- a. L;viouteneant

bdail

of Torld

commander

Coirunications

Alvvin

C.

R-,rshing a.s

the European.Theater,

Congressional

Itas enl.isted

W/ar

rankks included

York, .winner of the

the

of Honor and tbi.assed

10

by Genieral

outstanding, American soldie6.

Reactivated.

as

a, triangular

divisiong

ihe

82d' on

25 Trrch included

the

Divi-

sicn Headquarters,

Division

iHeadq.uarte.^>s

and. H-ad.luartes.

Companyr,

Bati;ery,

325th,

326th and 327th

Infantty

82d Di.vision

Artillery;

the

Regiments;

319th, 320th 321st aEln{, 0'7t

Beattalicn 307th MePcdical -BDptt

Headquarters

h Field

ri;.l.lery Battalions;, and the 307th Engineer

-a

lion,, i07th' Q6arvtexrmater Battalion^, 82d Reconnais-

sance

LTroop,

82d

Signal. Cormpainy,

and

82d

BMi.litary. Police

Platoona

Among

officers

ed

C

o.

t he

82d

Bnfantry' Diisij.on

who) late.-.

upon activation

became

a

MVajor

and,

General

were

Omar

N<.)Dr-adrl'.e

Col1ranlet

:ednar, Le.r.a.g Go1e.al1

LI::CDop'ilFI:

full

and

General

W.Telfth

in

Unitd. States Army Gioup!. Br;gai;er Generlal. Mhbthew B, R-Idgurayr, wh' succeeded

successionv

' iUnitad Sbates

Armiy,

Genertal Brad.ley as Divisio Cort:a d:r on 26 JTne 1942 and later Comananded X''V11II

Cor.p (Airborne) and vwas promoted to Lieutenant General;

M. Swingr Division Atillery Coirmander and later commander of -the l.lth Alrborne

Division,Dn Colonel George V, , 1<, Pope, Chief of Staff and later

and Assistant Division Conmanderlo- the 86th Infantry Division;, Colonel Claudius

S,- Ea-sleyr Commarder of the 325th Ihifantry, who later became a lBrigadier General and 'aws .killed.in action in the Pacific Theatser' Colonel Stuart Cutlers Commander

Brigadier- General

Joseph

Brigadier-General.

of the 326th Infantryq

staff

Genrlal.3 later promoted to the rank of Brigadier General after aarv ice as Chief.

of S:taff, of both the Division-end XVIII Corpas (Airborne); aid Ljleutenazt Colonel

Ylter promoted to Brigadier General and

Airborne

Army-

Lieutonant

serving

on the

of

the First

Allied

Colonel Ralnh Eaton,

Adjutant

Franc-s

Ao,

Irchw, 320th1

Field A.tillery

Battalion

Commander

and

later

oommander

of the 82d. Airbonhe Division

*The.

ivisi.n,

setting

a

assign.ing

recruits

to units,

of

Genera':

D. Tay:l.or

commanding first

Division,

a-normal

i.nfantry divisi.on

succeeeded

HiRdgway

became

Artilleryo

new record

for speed in

during

the

lonel

first

its

plan

classifying

and

the

various

arms

activationc

When

Colonel MaxwQel1

a

general

officer,

tthe

101st Airborne

of

unteerwent training appropriate for

after

few months

General

Bradley as Division

Co

Comanrder ,

beoame

and

later

Chief

-the 82d Airborne: Div.ision Artillery

of. Staf,

Thylor l.ater

During

the

was

earl.y

and tas

surn.ier

word

was rece ived

fall

to

1i.5

tihat

the

82d

rized divisichn

pl.an however

the 82d

was

to .becsOme a

This

moto&

be-

fild

to move

and

in: the

on

Camp iAtt9.»bury,

the

82d

Indiana

cancel.1ed

15 Aigust

e'82d8

Inefadntzy Divisiof

II

came

A.irborne Dlivisi.one

Infantry Division of World War

its

first

and.onlty

The

changes to

coming

the

In

the

82d

process- the

para;J5de

.n

.ta--ht da te

ali-boar ne

saw the. 82d.

:)iiisiocIirb.rn:e

anl

tl3.

spliit practica.lly

.in

had,

one:fhalf

be-

thaier

hal.f

the'lOlst airborne

Divisions

82d

2.st

the

327thiEInfantry

and

two

artillery battalions

in

toto,

The 325th

for

the

to

and 326th

regiments

each

contributed

a

contributed

battalion

approximately

the

to form a

new

o:

regiment

their

401wst

10et and most other units

the

to

3d

101sto

the Division

2attalion,

(One

of

in

325;hb.)o

the

conversion,

the

one-half

s-lrength

was

"J.ostl batitalionsj

Division's

Company,

two-ba'.talion

2d

eventually was

Battalion,

incorporated

attached

early 1944 and

82d

Airborne

permanently

as

the

Foll.crin.rg

the

cluded Division

der

order of battle

325th

in-

Headquarters.

(each

Division Headquarters

reducer

to

a

and 326th Gli-

Infantry Regiments

basis),

504th Parachute

Infantiry Regiment

whic:h had

been a ctivated, only

a few

months

earlier

at Fort

Benni.ng, Gaeorgia, Headqtuartera and Hba.dqlaroters Battery, 82d Airborne Division

Artillery, 319th and 3''

Field

Glider

ield

Arti:lery Bat-talicn

the 307tll

the nevwly-activated Engineer Battal ion

company,

the 307th

82d

Table

Airborne

of

Sig-

Organi-

personnel

re-

376th Parachute

Airborne

with t'wo lettered glide.L companies anld ole lettered parachute

Airborne Medical Comrpailv, 4C7th.irbornie

na.l Company, and

ar'tillery

Bati-talion,

Quartermaster oli.ce Platocno

Company.

The

new

82d Airbo:- ne TMili.itary

zation did not proviJd.lo oL'rGia Divis-lon reconnaissance element, but

maining with the Division from the former 82d Reconnaissance lTroop were formed

into a provisional

pla

oon-,

an.

The

80th Airborne

the 782d

Airborne

1l42o

Anti-s

Ordnance

ircraft

Battalion

was

Company was

activated

on 3 September

on

6

1942,

Maintenance

activated

October

Ground

training

when

of

the

the

82d

Division

proceeded

at

Camp

North Carclina,fcr

Claiborne

Louisiana,until

more

advan-

of the

approxi-

move

of

on

12

1

ced

sawi

October

1942,

the

82d

moved

alternation

to Fort

with

Bragg,

ground training

both

in

airborne

trai;ling

advance

the

air,

feature

3f

and

10:st Airborne

each

by

air

Divisiolns

up

send

parties

largest movement

mateli

250 men

and

officers

American military

personne.l

A fulrther

change

in

the

to Fort

to

Bragg by

that

timeo

of

the

Division was effected

organization

Febradry,

and.

were

Company B

into a parachute

of. the

.19433,

when

the 326th Glider

Infarntry was withdrawn from the

Field

Division,

t-he 505th

assigned,

Barachute

Infantry and 456th Parachute

iirtillery Battalion

combat;

strength,

from a glider

To

complete

this

change

307th

Airborne

Engineer

unit.

to

two-rthirds

parachute

Bat;talion was

converted

IMeanwhile, lery Commander

Col.,rne.el Euiell. D,-. Taylor was promotrred to Bri4adier General and became Divisin

BErigadier

to become

General

Joseph

M,

Bwing

left

Coiimanding

General

of

thile

lth

his

post as Division Artil

Division.

Airborne

Artillery Cb.-mander,

tant. Divisionr

Brigadier

of the

Charles

General William M, Miley was relieved

82d

L,

and

became

Keerans,

to Br:igadier

Commanding

Jr.

General

Chief

an>d

as Assis-

Comander

Colonel

General

of

the

17th Air-

of

Staff

of

the

101st

became

Assistant Divi-

borne

Airbrne Division,

Division.

w-as pwraltled

sicn

ComnmaIlder

of

the

82d Airborne

Division,

(GeneraJ.

Keerans later

was listed

as

missingn

in

actlion

whenl

his

plano

504th

°arachute

Combat

Team's d.rop

did

into

not

return

Sicily.)

from a flight

to

observe

the

All parachute maintenance

chute

Maintenance

Ccmpanyo

personnel

were

combined

into a provisional

Para-

Alerted

for

overseas moverment North Carolinaon

from 21

82d

The

82d

17 April

the

Airborne

1.943,

Division began

its

staged

departure

at Camp

York

early

fxrom Fo.r-fev

E(iards

r.agg,

The Division

Mlassachussetts,

to 27 April 1943 and departed

Division

sailed

for

the

fNew

Island

Fo-r-

of Einmbrkation,

Airborne

from Staten

on t;he mc-ning of 29 April 1943, thus becoming the first iAmerican Airborne Divi- sion to sail overseas.,

The

Division

landed

at Casablanca on 10 MYy,

1943,

marshalled

at

Camp Don

Be

Passage near that city,

and bbrnia, Algiera. on 13 I1&y `-943, Here the Division bivouacked as aombat tean

with the 325th Glider Combat .'.eam, 80th Airborne janti--Alircraft Battalion, and

320th Gl ider

the Division stationed near the Oudja airport.

and

began

a move

to

the

vicinity of

at ?,rnia

Oudja*

and

the

French

Moroccc

of

Field Artillery

Battalionm stadtioned

rema inder

A Division planning rocmn was established in the gendarmrrisr building of Oudj

(popularly known as the "&R;nt.gon" bSuilding), and here plans were wcrked out for

the Division's

(Code name: HORRIFIED).

first

combat mission,

Operation

"H1USI-Y'

or the Invasion of Sicily

 

In

the

Oudja

area

Division parades

were given for

Lieutenant

General

Mark

Clark,

Fifth

Atmy Commander;

Lieutenant

General

George

Patton,

Commander

of

I

Armored Corps; and IVhjor'General Omar Iradl2y, Ccnmander of II Infantry Corps.

The Division's first airborne review, which included a ground parade, a battalior parachute drop and an exhibition glider landing, also was given for the Governor

of Spanish

MIorocco.

 

BSeceded

by small

advance

parties,

the

Division

on

24

June

1943,

began

move-

ment

by truck,

train,

plane and glider

from

its

dusty

camps

amid the

wheat

fields

of

French

MiIorocco,

to the

cactvs-h.edged

aieas of Tunisia

in

the

vicinity

of Kai-

rouano

regiments and other units were scatteresd, each reguilent having headquarters ap-

toops

-;werecamp-ed

near

their proposed takeoff

airfields.

As a result,

8Bproximately

25

miles

from Division

Headquarters

and

somew

regiments

being

some

50 road

miles

apart,

IDivision

He1ad quarters

and

Headquarters

of

the

52d Troop

Carrier

fling were established

in

adjacent

alimond

orchards,.

Ten

takeoff

fields

were

James

der,

to be

used,

The

Invasion

of

M, Gavin,

later

Sicily

began

en

the

to become

assista;:nt

windy night

of

9

July 1943,. when Colonel.

division

commander

and

division

cormman-

led

his 505th Parachute

Combat

Team

in

Unit coimanders

ald

staff

officers

at

its drop into Sicily,

this

time sire

as

follows;

Commanding

General

Assistant

Cpoman4ing

General

Division Artillery

Coimmander

Chief

of

Staff

G-1

G-2

G-3

G-4

AdJ

ta-nlt

General

Ch.emical, Of f icer

Chapla ii

Finance

Officer

Leadquarters

Conmandant

Insrctor

General

Judge Advocate General

Ordnance

Off icer

Pcovost

hrshal

Quarterlmaster

Signal Oficer Surge on

Special

Service

Of-'icer

CO, 325th Glider Infaintry C0O 504th Parchrachute Infantry

CO,

505^th Parachute

Executive

Officer,

ar t illery

Icfantry

Division

I'hjor General

Brigadier

Brigadier

:MUTTHEIl

B.

L.

T^vW;ELL D.

RIDG'iAY

General

CGsneral

CHARLRES

IEERANO,

TIYLOR

Colonel R"LPH P.

ET)TOI

JR.

Lieutenant

Colonel

FIREDTERICK M-. SCHELIHAER

Lieute nant

Colonel

GEORGE E. LYNCHil

Lieutenant Colonel

RICHARIID K. BO)D

Lieutenant

Colonel

ROBERIIHI. '-IE1'EGIE

Lieutenant

Colonel

RAYMlr.

Hl,1R mITTON

Lieutenant

Colonel

JOH Pi- GEIGER

Lieutenant

Colonel

GECORGE L. RIDDLE

Lieutenant

Colonel

4iIlLL-d E. JOES4-lOi

Capt a in

8 ILLniM C.

Lieutenant Colonel

CLES,

BARRETT

Lieutenant

Colonel

C&S3lii-M

D.

1v.LS

Lie utenant

Colonel

JTOSHUA

FEDaL

Ivhjor

WILLDIAI P.

BO-iDEN

 

Lieutenant

Colonel

JOHin

i

.

I)1mRIAWj

Lieutenant

Colonel

FRANKd . MiDOR-IAIlJ

Lieutenant

Colonel

WJOOLCO0T

L.

ETIE--$TJE

I/3jor FREDERICKu G. hCOLLIUii Colonel FHaPRRY L. IE,/IS Colonel REUBEN IE TUCIER Colonel JAi,/ES I.T GAVIIE

Colonel FRAC.INCIS

A'. LIARCI;L

CO,

CO,

COt

319th

320th Glider

Glider FA Barttalion

Battalion

Fit

80th Airborne

Anti-Aircraft

Battalion

CO, 376th Parachute FA Battalion

CO

CO, 307th Airbornea

Battalion CO; 82d airborne Signal Corpany

456th

i

Parachute

FA Battalion

Engineer

Lieutenant

Lieutenant

Colonel 'JILLIAM H,

BERTSCH,

Colonel PZJL E.

VZRIGHT

JR.

Lieutenant Colonel WJHITFIEIDTD JiCK (on DS

- Lieutenant

Lieutenant

with Div

Hq

as

Asst G-3

ihj or RAYMOID E .

SINGLE-

(acting)

Colonel UI1JBUR I.J GRI Colonel IiRRISON ILURDEN

TON

'TIH

Lieutenant Colonel ROBERT Captain ROB3ERT E. FURSIY01

S.

aLIVER

CO,

CO,

CO,

CO,

CO,

CO,

CO,

CO,

307th

407th

Airborne

Airborne

Company

782d

82d

Airborne

Company

Parachute

Mbed ical

ruartermaster

Company Jajor

;jILI

Ordnance

Captain SA!MUEL

L.

HOSTON

IMAYS

TVintenance

Captain

JEF

DFIAVIS,

JR.

Company

(Frov)

Division

Headquarters

Coimpany

Battery Division

Headquarters

Artillery

82d Airborne

l a t o

o n

Mi;litary

Police

Division Reconnaissance

Captain

Captain

Captain

TLBIRT

C,

IILLLaM C,

IARIN

SIREVE

TOIJY J.

RAIBL

MEjor

"iILLINI1 P.

BOaDENI

Platoon

(Prov)

Ist Lieutenant ROLAi)

MIL. HUDSON

- 4

-

-

3-f~t-^ECTION

I

-

DIVIION REFORT

 

~ ~&L~a_^-

.

b".

+w*J~

 

kRa

TEHE

MLAN

The plan

for

ther

Izvasion

of SICILY provided

for

landings

to be

made

on

the

tputhsE--t.-ern

extremity

 

of

the

island

with British and

Canadian forces

on

the

east

coast

consist

wen

to

and American

of

land

the 3rd,

in

the

forces

l1st.

LICATA,

on

awnd

the

GEL4'

south

ooast,

l

e

American

Ifantry Divis.onsz withith

and

S-Ai;PIERE

vicinities,

assault

forces

units,

were

which

to

attached

respectively,

and

para-

chute

troops

from the

82d

Ai.rborne

Division,

which were

to land

inland from GELA.

The

remainder

of

the

82d Airborns

Diision ad

te

2nd

Arred

Divisionn,

in

rimy

reserve,

were

to be

brought

in

as

auicdly

as possible,

 
 

The

assaultinlg

paratroopers

were

of

the 505lth Combat Team,

Reinforced,

com-

manded

by Colonel

James

U,

Gavin,

and

their mission was thus

stated

in

Field

Order

#6

issued

by

the

II

Ccrps:

'(

Land during night. D-l/D

in

area

N and

E

of

GELA,

capture

and

secure

high;ground in that area,,

08

Dis.rupt comnmznications

and movement

of re-

serves

during

night.

(

Be

attached

to

lt

InfantryDivision .effective H1

hours

on D-Day,

 

i:#

Assist

Lst

infantry Division

in

capturing

and

securing

landing field

atr

3NTME

OLIVO.'

 

The

elements

to

be

emp3loyed

as

part of

the 505th Combat

Team,

with

their ccm-

mandling officers,vwere

as

folow;J:

 

505th Prcht.

Ihnf

^--

--

-------

Col.

James

T& Gavin

3rd

Bn,,

504th

Erchto

Infl----.-_-_---^---Lt<

Cbl.

Charles

Kouns

456th,----LtoErchte

FA Bn -------------

Col.

Harrison Harden

0ct, Bo

307?h

Abno

Engr,

Bn*-----

-----

-CaptO

William H.

Johnson

Det.

82a

Ahno

Signal

o

-----

-- _-------

2nd

Ltt

Edward

Kacyainski

Deto

307th

Abn,

ISdical Co.

---------------

S/gt

enneth

I.

Knott

Air

Support

Farty--- --------

 

--------

apt

ack ILo

Bartley

?'1P']ZJtersonnmel-^-~T---^""

"_"""

"-

~LtvLouis-lst

P,

Testa:

The 5O5th plan,

as

embodied

in

its

first

field

orders

directed

that Reginen-

tal Headq.uarters, the 1st Battalion, and the 2nd Battalion, 505th, and Batteries A and B of the 456th, should drop juast north of an impor~tant road 3junction about seven .,-ales east of GELA, attack and overcome an enemy strong point commanding the j-.un.int, and defend the junction against att;ackv The 3rd Bat'alion, 505th, and

BE-tbery

C,

456th,

should drop

south

of the

same

junction,

and

occupy the

high

grcv-S

over.LoOking

it,

Thee 3rd

Battal'.n, 504Al'ar

shod

drop

south of

NICEMI and

es-Ita":l

s-,

a d.

d efend road

bloc.ks

on

the road

fr=m NIS'CSEMI to

the

south.

Each of

those

oeintnts wjas 'to be prenarged to assist

tile

Is-t

Ifantry Divis:on in

goizing

the

OLI707FNs

ATirdoao

Three

planes

cf troops,,

including

IVhe

Demolition

Section,

were t

drrp

aboui

five

m

fil-eas-urther east

and

prepare

.the deDlition

of

rail

and

road crossings

of tlhe ACATE Rlver.

 

The

m ssion

ass.igned

tho Division

less the 505th Gorabat Team was outlined

in

Field

Order ,1

of Force

32i3 (Seventh Airmy):

 
 

"(a)

82d

Airbtone Div.i.si1on

(-Dets)

concentrate

rapidly

by

succosive

air

lifts

in

SJ7i -It

by D/7n

in

eithdr

or

both

the?

I)ME (45th

lafantry Divi-

sion)

or

JOSS

(3rd

DInfantry Division)

areas-

as directed.

in

"!b) 2nd

Battalion '509;th

Force

343

reserv-e

available

ParaChuite

Infantry, remain

in

as directed"

for drop missions

-

5

-

NORTH

,RICA,

In

conpliance with

this order,

the Division devised a Movement Table

(Annex

2

to Field

ted

Order

l1) under

the

w.h-lch

j-i1.9

;b.-ioh-La-,504';-l

 

Team,

as

a

seconl

.d.ILft

7as

aleer-

il

'.10e

erv-3.t

of nogat:i;e

s-isructions

at

Iivisaion Headaduar-ters

was

for movement

the

eDni.g

of1

of D--a^

orA;.of

0;o:-,

that time,

evening

any day tDlro.ftori-,

to constitute

a

third lift,

;.eardy for-Imt;t

r

Jtin ,l.,det.s

thereafter.

The

325th

T:ombldl;'eam and

-tlie 80th) Airbcjrtne

.tYe

evering

Aunti-1Aircraft

of D/1,,

or

Battalion,

were

to follow by planes

and gl.iders

in

de.signated

order,

The 504th Combat

Toam,

urder

the

command

of Colonel Reuben H* Tucker,

included

the followi.ng

lunits9

uande

the coomand of thle officers

narNmed:

504th Prob^.,o Tn;-:c. (less 3rd Bn,)

(2)'-

,-

-

---

Colo

Rouben H. Tucker

376th Prcht.

Co,

C,

FIA Bn-,--- -------

Exg:r,

----- -. ----- Lt. ---

Col,

filbur

Mo Griffith

307th Ap.-,

Bne.----

serial was

Capt,

Thomas

M S'ight

The Division Headquar.ters

to include members of the general and

nits

Co,;

X,

307th

and Hqo Btry.,

ibdo

Co<,;

782nd

Div Jrty.;

Ordo, Dint

special staff sections and of. thile fo.l lcwing

Div,

Co, .

Division Engineero

Hq.

Co.,;

82td

Abn,

Signal. Coo.

407th

Qr

and the 307th Abn Engro Bn,,, all under the comand of Lt« Col. Robert Palmer,

The

Commanding GonenaJ.

of, the Divisi onl,

ajor General]- M, B. Ridgway,

GGCcimmnd Vese'1 GEL^ on D-DLay.

Spe-ia.l conmand pariy., fboarded the

ALIERSz

July 4I

O!XlC7AwSevenah .Tr

from which he anrd tShe pa<^y woul(d land at

with a

at

The

Commanding

General's

G,

E.

Lynch,

G-2

Lt,,

Franrk Moorman,

Faith,

Signal

aide-de-camp;

party

included

Colonel R,

1

Eat;on,

Chief

of'Staff; Lt,

Col*

Col,

R.

K;

Bqyd'

G-3;

i;o, Co1<

Ro

H.

Iiienecke,

G-4.

Ltv

Col,1

Off i ce,;,jI- jor E,,

AdamsiLiaison Off icer;. CaptO Don G,

and eleven -enlisted -men from the sftaff

sections.

TIE THREE LIFTS

D-1,

the day of the first lift,

was,

as usual for

the time of

AFRICA,

hot and clear"

The.

men of

the 50j5th Corabat Team,

stationed

year in NORTH

near KAIROUAN,

TUNISA;,

lounged

in

their bi-vouac area,

mad.e

men" :

ate

supper

at

16o00

1lc

s,