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Instructions: (i) Any value determined using charts or handbooks should be

explicitly mentioned in the answer script. (ii) Unless otherwise defined, the
notations are as defined in the class. (iii) Explicitly write the basis of your
calculations for all the problems. (iv) Answer all the questions. (v) Do not write
anything on the question paper except for your registration number.
1) Determine the specific volume using (a) the ideal gas law and (b) Kays
Method involving pseudoreduced variables for the following gas mixture at a
gauge pressure of 99 atm and temperature of 90 C. Assume R to be 82.06
(cm3) (atm) (gmol) -1 (K)-1.

[5 Marks]

Componen

Mole

Critical

t
Methane
Ethylene
Nitrogen

fraction
20
30
50

(K)

Temperature Critical

Pressure

(atm)

45.8
50.5
33.5
[Modified from Himemelblau]
2) A feed of Cl2 and C3H6 was fed into a reactor in which the following reactions
occur.

191
283
126

[10 Marks]
Cl2 (g) + C3H6 (g) C3H5Cl (g) + HCl (g)
Cl2 (g) + C3H6 (g) C3H5Cl2 (g)

The product distribution from the reactor is given below


Species
g mol
Molecular Weight
Cl2
141
C3 H 6
651
42
C3H5Cl
4.6
76.5
C3H6Cl2
24.5
113
HCl
4.6
How much Cl2 and C3H6 were fed to the reactor in gram moles?
What was the limiting reactant?
What was the excess reactant?
What was the fraction conversion of C3H6 to C3H5Cl?
What was the selectivity of C3H5Cl relative to C3H6Cl2?
What was the yield of C3H5Cl expressed in grams of C3H5Cl to the grams of
C3H6 fed to the reactor?
What was the extent of reaction of Reactions (1) and (2)?
[Taken from Himemelblau]
3) A reactor using recycle converts reactant A into product B. The fresh feed to
the reactor contains an aqueous solution with 30% (mass) of the reactant A

whereas the feed into the reactor contains 4% B. If the mass ratio of the exit
stream to the recycle stream is 4, is it possible to determine the single pass
conversion of A? If possible, determine the single pass conversion. Support
your answer with a degree of freedom analysis.
[15 marks]
[Modified from Himmelblau]
4) An adult takes about 12 breaths per minute, inhaling roughly 500 mL of air
with each breath. The molar compositions of the inspired and expired gases
are as follows:
Species
O2
CO2
N2
H2O

Inspired Gas (%)


20.6
0
77.4
2.0

[20 marks]
Expired Gas (%)
15.1
3.7
75
6.2

The inspired and the expired gas are at 24 and 37 degree Celsius
respectively. Assume that the pressure of the inspired and the expired gas is
1 atm. Nitrogen is not transported into or out of the blood in the lungs, so
that (N2)in = (N2)out.
(a) Calculate the masses of O 2, CO2, and H2O transferred from the pulmonary
gases to the blood or vice versa (specify which) per minute.
(b) Calculate the volume of air exhaled per milliliter inhaled.
(c) At what rate (g/min) is this individual losing weight by merely breathing?

[Exercise problem 5.27 from Felder (3rd ed)]