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TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

TAGUIG CAMPUS
ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT
EE 5 AC MACHINERY
FINAL EXAMINATION
Multiple choice. Select the correct answer for each of the
following question. Choose only one answer for each item.
Shade the letter of your choice in the answer sheet.
STRICTLY NO ERASURES ALLOWED. For problem solving
questions, NO SOLUTION, NO POINT. Write your solution
on a separate sheet of paper. Do not write anything in this
test paper.
1. A single-phase transformer is rated 4,160 V primary
and 250 V secondary. It has 1,500 turns in the primary
and a voltage regulation of 8%. What should be the
number of turns in the secondary winding?
A. 88 turns B. 92 turns C. 90 turns D. 86 turns
2. A 10 kVA, 2400/240 V single-phase transformer has the
following resistances and reactances. Find the primary
voltage required to produce 240 V at the secondary
terminals at full load, when the power factor is 0.8
lagging.
r1 = 3, x1 = 15,
r2 = 0.03, x2 = 0.150
A. 2450 V
B. 2572 V
C. 2496 V
D. 2632 V
3. A short circuit test was performed upon a 10 kVA,
2300/230 V transformer with the following results: Esc =
137 V; Psc = 192 W; Isc = 4.34 A. Calculate in primary
terms the reactance of the transformer.
A. 31.56 ohms
C. 10.19 ohms
B. 29.88 ohms
D. 12.45 ohms
4. The following data were obtained when a short circuit
test was performed upon a 100 kVA, 2400/240 V
distribution transformer; Esc = 72 V; Isc = 41.6 A; Psc =
1180 W. All instruments are on the high side during the
short circuit test. Calculate the percent regulation at a
power factor of 0.75 lagging.
A. 2.54%
B. 2.86%
C. 2.62%
D. 2.71%
5. A 200 kVA transformer with impedance of 5% and the
power factor of the load is 85%. The primary voltage is
6000 V while the copper loss is 5 kW. Find the percentage
regulation.
A. 5.03 %
B. 5.21 %
C. 4.43 %
D. 4.03 %
6. A short circuit test was performed upon a 10 kVA,
2300/230 V transformer with the following results: Esc =
137 V; Psc = 192 W; Isc = 4.34 A. Calculate the percent
regulation at a lagging power factor of 0.707.
A. 5.28%
B. 5.55%
C. 5.37%
D. 5.72%
7. A 50 kVA, 2300/230 V, 60 cycle transformer is tested in
the laboratory so that its characteristics maybe
determined. The standard test requires an open circuit
test and short circuit test.
Open circuit test:
I = 6.5 A
E = 230 V
P = 187 W
Short circuit test:
I = 21.7 A
E = 115 V
P = 570 W
Determine the efficiency of the transformer at half load,
unity pf.

A. 97.55%
B. 98.70%

C. 98.45%
D. 97.80%

8. The core loss of a 5 kVA single-phase transformer with


normal voltage applied to the primary is 75 W. The
maximum efficiency occurs at 60 % of full load kVA. What
is the full load efficiency of the transformer at 0.80 p.f.?
A. 95.16%
B. 93.38%
C. 89.52%
D. 91.36%
9. Find the all-day efficiency of a transformer having a
maximum efficiency of 98% at 15 kVA at unity pf and
loaded as follows:
12 hours ---------- 2 kW at 0.5 pf lagging
6 hours ----------- 12 kW at 0.8 pf lagging
6 hours ----------- at no-load
A. 95.3%
B. 91.7%
C. 94.6%
D. 93.3%
10. What should be the kVA rating of each two
transformers in an open-delta bank when the three-phase
balanced load is 290.4 kVA?
A. 155.60 kVA C. 150.25 kVA
B. 173.40 kVA D. 167.66 kVA
11. A V or open delta connected transformer bank,
composed of two identical units serves a balanced threephase load of 16 kVA at 230 V. Solve for the minimum size
in kVA of the transformers needed.
A. 8 kVA B. 9.24 kVA C. 16 kVA D. 8.25 kVA
12. The Utility Company supplies two single-phase
transformers banked in open delta. If each transformer is
rated 75 kVA capacity, what is the maximum 3-phase load
in kilowatts that the bank can carry without suffering
overload considering that the load has a lagging power
factor of 0.80.
A. 104 kW B. 112 kW C. 130 kW D. 114 kW
13. Two identical single-phase transformers connected in
open delta will serve a 3-phase motor load of 250 hp, 0.70
pf lagging, 0.90 efficiency. Solve for the minimum size in
kVA of each transformer required to serve the load
without overloading.
A. 150.33
B. 170.91
C. 160.43
D. 185.13
14. Three single-phase transformers each rated 75 kVA
are banked in delta and supplying a three-phase load
drawing 160 kVA at 0.8 lagging pf. If one transformer is
removed for repairs, solve for the amount of overloading
of the remaining units.
A. 30 kVA
B. 10 kVA
C. 20 kVA
D. 25 kVA
15. The potential transformer of a line has a ratio
132,000/66. These are connected wye-delta. The
voltmeter reads 64 V. What is the voltage of the line?
A.
221.7 kV
C. 135.2 kV
B.
112.5 kV
D. 132 kV
16. A power transformer rated 50,000 kVA, 34.5 kV/13.8
kV is connected wye-grounded primary and delta on the
secondary. Determine the full load phase current on the
secondary side.
A. 2092 A B. 1725 A C. 1449 A D. 1208 A
17. A 69/13.8 kV, 10 MVA three-phase transformer is
connected wye-grounded delta. What is the kV rating of
the secondary winding?

A. 7.97

B. 15

C. 23.9

D. 13.8

18. The PTs of a 220 kV transmission line have ratio of


132.76 kV/66.375 kV and are connected wye-wye. A
voltmeter connected line to ground reads 66 V. What is
the transmission line voltage?
A. 228.63 kV
C. 223.15 kV
B. 220.10 kV
D. 225.25 kV
19. Two transformers are connected in parallel to supply a
common load of 175 kVA. Transformer A is rated 100 kVA
with equivalent impedance of 9.6 ohms while transformer
B is rated 75 kVA with equivalent impedance of 12.5
ohms. Find the kVA load of each transformer.
A. 78, 97
B. 76, 99
C. 80, 95
D. 75, 100
20. The MERALCO has two single-phase transformers with
equal turns ratio and rating and are operated in parallel to
supply a load of 280 kW at 0.80 lagging pf. Transformer A
has a resistance of 2% and a reactance of 8%.
Transformer B has a resistance of 1% and a reactance of
6%. Determine the power delivered by the transformers A
and B to the load.
A.
A = 123 kW, B = 157 kW
B.
A = 125 kW, B = 155 kW
C.
A = 122 kW, B = 158 kW
D.
A = 127 kW, B = 153 KW
21. A 3 phase 4 pole alternator has a single-layer winding
with 8 conductors per slot. The armature has total of 36
slots. Calculate the distribution factor. What is induced
voltage per phase when the alternator is driven at 1800
rpm with a flux of 0.041 Wb in each pole?
A. 503V
B. 540V
C. 548V
D. 584V
22. A 3 phase 4 pole, 50 Hz star connected alternator has
60 slots with 2 conductors/slot and having armature
winding of the two layer type. Coils are short-pitched i.e. if
one coil side lies in slot No.1, the other lies slot No. 13.
Find the useful flux (assumed sinusoidal) per pole required
to induce a line voltage of 6600 V.
A. 978 mWb
C. 985 mWb
B. 943 mWb
D. 982 mWb
23. A 1,000 kVA, 3000-V, 50 Hz, 3 star-field connected
alternator has an armature effective resistance of 0.2 . A
field current of 40 A produces a short circuit current of
200 A and an open circuit emf of 1040 V (line value).
Calculate the full load percentage regulation at a power
factor of 0.8 lagging. How will the regulation be effected if
the alternator delivers its full load output at a power
factor of 0.8 leading?
A. 12 B. 13
C. 13.5
D. 14
24. Find the synchronous impedance and reactance in an
alternator in which a given field current produces an
armature current of 250 A on short circuit and generated
emf of 1500 V on open circuit. The armature resistance is
2 . Hence calculate the terminal p.d when a load of 250
A at 6600 V and lagging p.f 0.8 is switched off.
A. 7,800 V
C. 7,980 V
B. 7,900 V
D. 7,892 V
25. A 6 pole, 3 phase, 60-cycle alternator has 12 slots per
pole and four conductors per slot. The winding is 5/6

pitch. There are 2,500,000 maxwells (0.025 weber)


entering the armature from each north pole, and flux is
sinusoidally distributed along the air gap. The armature
coils are all connected in series. The winding is wye
connected. Determine the open circuit emf of the
alternator
A. 532.1 V
C. 512.4 V
B. 504.2 V
D. 572.4 V
26. A 1500-kVA, 6600-V, 3 phase star connected
alternator has an effective resistance of 0.5 per phase
and a synchronous reactance of 5. Find the percentage
change of voltage when the full rated output at power
factor 0.8 lagging is switched off.
A. 12. 47%
C. 15%
B. 13%
D. 14%
27. A 3-phase induction motor having a star-connected
rotor has an induced e.m.f. of 80 V between slip-rings at
standstill on open circuit. The rotor has a resistance and
reactance per phase of 1 and 4 respectively.
Calculate current/phase and power factor when (a) slip
rings are short-circuited (b) slip-rings are connected to a
star-connected rheostat of 3 per phase.
A. 11.2 A, 0243; 8.16 A, 0707
B. 12.3 A, 0253; 9.17 A, 0937
C. 14.4 A, 0342; 7.15 A, 0807
D. 10.1 A, 0144; 3.26 A, 0717
28. A 3-phase induction motor has star-connected stator
windings and runs on a 50-Hz supply with 400-V between
lines. The rotor resistance and standstill reactance per
phase are 0.2 and 2 respectively. The ratio of rotor to
stator turns is 0.65. Calculate the rotor current per phase
at a slip of 3 per cent. ,
A. 25.4A B. 37.3A C. 58.5A D. 49.4A
29. A squirrel-cage motor develops a maximum torque of
2.25 times its full-load normal torque and has a standstill
reactance which is four times its resistance per phase.
Determine its slip when working on full-load.
A. 4.9% B. 5.8% C. 7.6% D. 6.8%
30. An induction motor is running at 50% of the
synchronous speed with a useful output of 55 h.p. (British)
and the mechanical losses, total 2 h.p. (British). Estimate
the copper losses in the rotor circuit. If the stator losses
total 3.5 kW, at what efficiency is the motor working?
A. 53.36%
C. 76.67%
B. 46.34%
D. 58.84%
31. A 6.pole, 3.phase induction motor runs at a .speed of
960 r.p.m. when the shaft torque is 136 N-m and the
frequency 50 Hz. Calculate the rotor Cu loss if the friction
and windage losses are 150 W.
A. 895 W
C. 476 W
B. 574 W
D. 654 W
32. In a 3-phase, 6-pole, 50 Hz induction motor, the useful
torque on full-load is 135.7 N-m. The rotor e.m.f. has a
frequency of 90 cycles/min. The total mechanical loss is
1.2 h.p. (British) and the total stator losses are 750 W.
Calculate (a) the brake Horse-power (b) the rotor Cu loss
(c) the motor input and its efficiency.
A. 10.48(British), 754 W, 96.75%

B. 18.48(British), 454 W, 86.76%


C. 19.48(British), 465 W, 76.76%
D. 20.48(British), 374 W, 66.57%
33. A 10 Hp, 550 V, 60 Hz, 3-phase induction motor has a
starting torque of 160% of full load torque and a starting
current 0f 425 % of full load current. If the motor is used
on a 440 V, 60 Hz system, what will be the starting torque
expressed in percent of full load value?
A. 102.4 %
C. 104.2 %
B. 101.8 %
D. 103.5 %
34. An induction motor of 30Hp, 220V, 3-phase draws 450
percent of the rated current with the rated voltage and
delivers during the starting period of 130% of the normal
torque. The full load efficiency and full load pf of this
motor is 80 percent and 70 percent respectively. If an
autotransformer is used as a starting unit and the starting
torque of the load is only 50 percent of the rated torque of
the motor, find the starting current on the line.
A. 301.4 A
C. 288.6 A
B. 292.7 A
D. 227.3 A
35. An induction motor is running at 50% of the
synchronous speed with a useful output of 55 h.p. (British)
and the mechanical losses, total 2 h.p. (British). Estimate
the copper losses in the rotor circuit. If the stator losses
total 3.5 kW, at what efficiency is the motor working?
A.
53.36%
C. 76.67%
B.
46.34%
D. 58.84%
36. A 40 Hp, 230 V, 8-pole, 25 Hz three phase induction
motor is running at 355 rpm at rated load. The torque lost
by friction is 24 N-m. If total stator losses amount to 1000
W, evaluate the efficiency of the motor at this load.
A.
91.42 %
C. 90.31 %
B.
88.51 %
D. 89.17 %
37. The losses in a three phase, 25-Hz, 4 pole induction
motor at full load are as follows:
Core 3%
Friction and Windage 2%
Stator Copper 4%
Rotor Copper 2%
At 70% of full load of the machine, determine its
efficiency.
A.
90.52 %
C. 87.24 %
B.
88.15 %
D. 89.81 %
38. A 10 hp, 4 pole, 25 Hz, 3 phase induction motor is
taking 9100 watts from the line. Core loss is 290 watts:
stator copper loss is 568 watts; rotor copper loss is 445
watts and the friction and windage loss 121 watts.
Determine the output torque in newton-meters.
A. 108.4
B. 112.5 C. 101.2 D. 103.3
39. A three phase wound rotor induction motor, 440 V, 60
cycle, 4-pole is connected to a pump that delivers 1000
cfm of water against an effective head of 8ft. Under this
load, the motor draws 15 KW at a power factor of 0.90.
When operated without load, the motor draws 800 watts.
The stator resistance per phase is 0.21 ohm and the rotor
resistance per phase is 0.022 ohm. The turns ratio
between stator and rotor is 4:1. Determine the efficiency
of the pump.

A.
B.

83.62 %
84.65 %

C. 83.16 %
D. 84.24 %

40. A 25 hp, 230 V three phase motor with 85% power


factor has a starting current of 5.5 times rated current. To
reduce the starting current, a wye-delta starter is
installed. What shall be the new starting current?
A.
195 A
C. 135 A
B.
302 A
D. 175 A
41. A delta connected load induction motor draws 100 A
from each line of a three phase source and develops 40
lb.ft torque at standstill. Find the torque when connected
to the same service if the motor is re-connected in wye.
A.
13.3 lb.ft
C. 40 lb.ft
B.
120 lb.ft
D. 50 lb.ft
42. A 4-pole alternator, on open circuit, generates 200 V
at 50 Hz when the field current is 4A. Determine the
generated emf at a speed of 1200 rpm and a field current
of 3 A, neglecting saturation in the iron parts.
A. 120V B. 125V C. 130V
D. 140V
43. A 30 MVA, 15 KV three phase alternator will have a per
phase nominal impedance of ?
A. 7.5
C. 15
B. 9
D. None of these
44. A two pole three phase 50 Hz Y-connected AC
generator has 9 slots per pole and 6 conductors per slot.
What is the flux per pole if the voltage on open circuit is
1.1 kV. Assume a coil span of unity.
A.
0.1657 Wb
C. 0.1507 Wb
B.
0.1742 Wb
D. 0.1728 Wb
45. A 3-phase, 16 pole alternator has a star- connected
single layer armature winding with 144 slots, 10
conductors per slot and runs at 375 rpm. The flux is 50
mWB per pole and the distribution factor is 0.96. Calculate
the frequency and the line value of the induced emf.
A.
4430 V
C. 4330 V
B.
4440 V
D. 4230 V
46. The stator of a 3-phase, 20-pole alternator has 120
slots and there are 4 conductors per slot accommodated
in two layers. If the speed of the alternator is 300rpm.
Calculate the emf induced per phase. Resultant flux in
the air gap is 55 mWb per pole. Assume that the coil span
is 150 0 electrical.
A.
911V B. 912 V
C. 80V
D. 100V
47. A 3-phase, star-connected alternator is rated at 2000
kVA, 13.5 kV. The armature effective resistance and
synchronous reactance are 1.3 and 20 respectively
per phase. Calculate the percentage regulation at full load
for power factors of 0.8 lagging & 0.8 leading.
A.
15.52%, 10.12%
C. 13.23%, 11.34%
B.
15.89%, 10.67%
D. 10.12%. 16.67%
48. A 1 MVA, 11 kV, three phase wye-connected
synchronous generator has a synchronous reactance of 5
ohms and a negligible resistance per phase. At a certain
field current the generator delivers rated load at 0.9
lagging power factor at 11 kV. For the same excitation,
what is the terminal voltage at 0.9 leading power factor
full load?

A.
B.

11.6kV
11.4kV

C. 11.3kV
D. 11.5Kv

49. To get the armature resistance of a 100 MW, 13.8 kV


and 90% power factor generator, two terminals are
connected to a DC source. The measured current and
voltage are 87.6 amperes and 6 volts respectively. What is
the DC resistance per phase?
A.
0.0223 ohm
C. 0.0685 ohm
B.
0.0342 ohm
D. 0.0617 ohm
50. Determine the efficiency of a 1500 kVA, 2300 V, 3
phase, Y-connected alternator, which operates at rated
output with a power factor of 80%. The DC armature
resistance at 70 0 C between terminals is 0.08 ohm. The
field takes 70 A at 120 V from the exciter equipment.
Friction and windage losses are 15 kW, iron loss is 35 kW
and stray loss is 1.5 kW. Assume the effective armature
winding resistance is 1.5 times the DC value.
A.
94.56 %
C. 93.35 %
B.
90.31 %
D. 92.62 %
51. There are two alternators 100 kW, 3 phase in parallel
are driven by shunt motors whose speed-load
characteristics are as follows: Alternator 1. No-load speed
is 600 rpm and full load speed 530 rpm, while alternator
2, no load speed 590 rpm and full load speed 550 rpm. For
what load will the alternator divide the load equality?
A.
62.45 kW
C. 67.54 kW
B.
68.78 kW
D. 64.67 kW
52. A 1,000 kVA, 3000-V, 50 Hz, 3 star-field connected
alternator has an armature effective resistance of 0.2 . A
field current of 40 A produces a short circuit current of
200 A and an open circuit emf of 1040 V (line value).
Calculate the full load percentage regulation at a power
factor of 0.8 lagging. How will the regulation be effected if
the alternator delivers its full load output at a power
factor of 0.8 leading?
A.
12
B. 13
C. 13.5
D. 14
53. Two alternators running in parallel supply the following
loads: the load of the machine is adjusted to 2000 kW at
pf 0.95 lagging. Find the p.f of the other machine.
i. 1500 kw at 0.9 p.f lagging
ii. 1000 kW at 0.8 p.f lagging
iii. 800 kW at unity p.f
iv. 600 kW at 0.8 p.f leading
A.
0.98 lag
C. 0.707 lag
B.
0.9 lead
D. 0.707 lead
54. Two exactly similar turbo-alternators are rated 20 MW
each. They are running in parallel. The speed-load
characteristics of the driving turbines are such that the
frequency of the alternator one drops uniformly from 50
Hz on no load to 48 Hz on full load, that of the alternator
two from 50 Hz to 48.5 Hz. How will the two machines
share load of 30, 000 kW?
A. 13MW, 17.14MW
C. 12.86MW,17.14MW
B. 14.86MW, 18MW
D. 12MW, 16MW
55. The principle of working of a transformer is?
A. Static induction
B. Dynamic induction
C. Mutual induction

D. Self induction
56. The path of the magnetic flux in a transformer has?
A. Low reactance
C. high conductance
B. High reactance
D. low resistance
57. Electric power is transformed from one coil to other
coil in a transformer?
A. Physically
C. Electrically
B. Magnetically
D. Electromagnetically
58. A transformer operates?
A. Always at unity power factor
B. Has its own power factor
C. At power factor below a particular value
D. At power factor depending on the power factor of the
load
59. The laminations are made from?
A. Low carbon steel
B. Silicon sheet steel
C. Cickel steel stampings
D. Chrome steel sheets
60. The main function of the iron core in a transformer is
to?
A. Provide strength to the windings
B. To decrease the hysteresis losses
C. Decrease the reluctance of the magnetic path
D. Reduce eddy current losses
61. The efficiency of 2 transformer is normally in the
range of?
A. 50% to 70% C. 80% to 90%
B. 60% to 75% D. 90% to 98%
62. The resistance of low voltage side of a transformer?
A. Is equal to resistance of its high voltage side
B. Is more than resistance of its high voltage side
C. Is less than the resistance of its high voltage side
D. B or C
63. The basic propety of the transformer is that it changes
the voltage level of an ac signal
A. Without changing the power
B. Without changing its shape
C. Without changing its frequency
D. Without changing power, frequency or shape
64. The no-load current of a transformer in terms of full
load current is usually?
A. 1 to 3% B. 3 to 9% C. 9 to 12% D. 12 to 20%
65. The type of the motor that does not have commutator
in the?
A. Repulsion motor
C. D.C shunt motor
B. Induction motor
D. A.C series motor
66. A certain motor is driven by a 1750 rpm dc shunt
motor. If the power supply is to be changed to three
phase, 50 cycle, ac, the most suitable replacement motor
would be a?
A. Synchronous motor
B. A.C. commutator motor
C. Capacitor motor
D. Squirrel cage induction motor

67. The principle of operation of the induction motor is


based on?
A. Faradays law
B. Rotating magnetic field
C. Flemings right-hand rule
D. Ohms law
68. The rotor of an induction motor gets its power from?
A. The line voltage
B. Slip ring
C. A centrifugal switch
D. Magnetic induction
69. The induction motors are designed for?
A. Three phase C. single phase
B. Two phase D. all of the above
70. The rotor speed of an induction motor is?
A. The same as the synchronous speed
B. Faster than the synchronous speed
C. Slower than the synchronous speed
D. Determined by frequency and the number of poles
71. The induction motor differs from the synchronous
motor is that it?
A. Requires a dc source for its rotor
B. Does not require a rotating magnetic field
C. Current is induced in its rotor
D. Current is conducted in rotor
72. To reverse the direction of rotating of a three phase
induction motor, it is necessary to?
A. Interchange all the three line connections
B. Reverse the polarity of the rotor circuit
C. Increase the resistance of the rotor circuit
D. Interchange any two of the three line connection
73. Squirrel cage induction motor differs from the slip ring
type in that it has no.
A. Slip rings
C. windings on the rotor
B. Rotor winding
D. rotating part
74. If no load speed of a squirrel cage induction motor
connected to a three phase 50 cycle supply is 740 rpm
the motor mhas:
A. 2 poles
C. 6 poles
B. 4 poles
D. 8 poles
75. Squirrel cage induction motor has?
A. Zero starting torque
B. Very small starting torque
C. Very high starting torque
D. Extra starting torque and it starts up from rest
76. Just like a dc shunt motor the speed of the induction
motor operating in stable region?
A. Decreases with increase in load
B. Increases with increase in load
C. Decreases with decrease in load
D. None of the above is true
77. Magnetic flux produced due to the stator winding with
three pahase current of frequency f and which is of
constant value, rotates ta synchronous speed. If p is the
number of poles of the motor then the synchronous speed
is given by:

A.

Ns=

120 P
f

C.

N s =120 fP

B.

Ns=

120 f
P

D.

Ns=

60 f
P

78. In an induction motor?


A. Rotor runs at a speed equal to the speed of stator field
B. Rotor runs at a speed which is always lesser than the
speed of the stator field
C. Rotor runs at a speed which is always higher than the
speed of the stator field
D. B and C both are correct
79. The difference between the synchronous speed N, and
the actual speed n of the rotor is known as slip. It can be
expressed as a percentage and is given by?
A.

N 1 N
N

% slip S =

100

B. % slip S =

N N 1
100
N

C. % slip S =

N N 1
100
N1

D. % slip S=(N1-S)
80. The frequency of the rotor current in an induction
motor is given by (If f is the supply frequency f is the rotor
frequency and S is the slip)
A. f = Sf
C. f2 = Sf
B. f2 = Sf2
D. S = fxf2
81. In a 3 induction motor the torque
A. Increases with the increase in supply voltage
B. Decreases with the increases in supply voltage
C. Has no relation with the supply voltage
D. A and B depending upon situation
82. Improvement in the power factor in an induction
motor?
A. Decreases the torque
B. Increases the torque
C. Increases the current
D. Increases the torque ans decreases the current due to
increases impedance
83. Torque in an induction motor running condition is
given by?
A.

T1 =

K 1 E22 R 2
R2 + SX 2

K 1 SE22 R 2
2

R 22 + ( SX 2 )

C. T1 =

90. The diameter of high speed turbo alternators as


compared to hydroelectric ones are?
A. Smaller because speed is high
B. Smaller because speed is less
C. Larger because speed is high
D. None of these

B.

K 1 E2 R2
2
2
R2 + SX 2

T1 =

D. T1 =

K 1 SE2 R2
2
2
R2 + X 2
84. In an induction motor the torque is related with the
supply voltage as?
A.

V1/2

C. T

B.

D. T

V2

1
V2

85. The maximum torque under running condition in


terms of rotor reactance is given by?
A.

Tmax=

K S E 2
2 x2

C. Tmax=

K S E 2
2

X2
B.

Tmax=

K E2
2 x2

K E2
D. Tmax=

X2

86. Torque under running condition is maximum at the slip


S
A. Which makes rotor reactance/phase equal to rotor
resistance/phase
B. Which makes rotor reactance/phase greater than rotor
resistance/phase
C. Which makes rotor reactance/phase lesser than rotor
resistance/phase
D. Which is independent of rotor resistance
87. The value of slip at maximum torque condition (under
running condition) terms of R2 and X2 is?
A.

B.

S=

S=

X2
R2
R2
X2

C. S=

D. S=

2 R2
X2
E2
2 X2

88. In huge alternators, the moving part is?


A. Brushes
C. poles
B. Armature
D. None of these
89. Alternators mostly work on rotating field type principle
which is different from dc machines where the field is
stationary. Therefore the alternators.
A. Dont obey Faradays law
B. Work on faradays law
C. Do not obey Lenzs law
D. Dont obey ohms law

91. For a coil having a span of 2/3 or pole pitch, the coil
span facto is?
A. 0.8
C. 0.786
B. 0.866
D. 0.966
92. Distributing the armature winding of alternator is more
than one number of slots per pole per phase results in?
A. Reduction of irregularities produced in the waveform
B. Economy of materials used in winding
C. Less weight of the entire armature
D. Increase of generated emf per phase
93. An alternator is capable of delivering power at a
particular frequency. The frequency can be increased by?
A. Increasing armature speed
B. Reversing the armature rotation
C. Increasing the current supplied to the field
electromagnets
D. Reversing the field polarity
95. for two alternators operating inparallel, if the load
shared by one of them is to be increased, its field
excitation is?
A. To be strengthened keeping input torque same
B. To be weakend keeping input torque same
C. To be kept constant but input torque should be
increased
D. None of the above
96. Distribution factor K is defined as the ratio of emfs of:
A. Distributed winding to full winding
B. Concentra winding to distributed winding
C. Distributed winding to concentrated winding
D. Full pitch winding to distributed winding
97. One of the advantages of a short pitch winding lies in:
A. Elimination or suppression of harmonies
B. Reduction of voltage
C. Increasing the inductance
D. Reduction of circulating current
98. Synchronous impedance of an alternator is defined as
the ratio of?
A. Short circuit voltage to short circuit current
B. Open circuit voltage to short circuit current
C. Short circuit current to no load current
D. Open circuit voltage to short circuit current for same
value of excitation
99. Synchronization of alternators means,
A. Connecting alternators in series
B. Transferring load from one alternator to another
C. Connecting alternators in parallel
D. Adjusting the excitation of the alternators
100. In order to transfer the load from one alternator to
another alternator, when they are operating in parallel.
A. Field current is increased
B. Field current is decreased

C. Speed is decreased

D. Prime mover power input is increased