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TAGUIG CAMPUS

ELECTRICAL DEPARTMENT

EE 5 AC MACHINERY

FINAL EXAMINATION

Multiple choice. Select the correct answer for each of the

following question. Choose only one answer for each item.

Shade the letter of your choice in the answer sheet.

STRICTLY NO ERASURES ALLOWED. For problem solving

questions, NO SOLUTION, NO POINT. Write your solution

on a separate sheet of paper. Do not write anything in this

test paper.

1. A single-phase transformer is rated 4,160 V primary

and 250 V secondary. It has 1,500 turns in the primary

and a voltage regulation of 8%. What should be the

number of turns in the secondary winding?

A. 88 turns B. 92 turns C. 90 turns D. 86 turns

2. A 10 kVA, 2400/240 V single-phase transformer has the

following resistances and reactances. Find the primary

voltage required to produce 240 V at the secondary

terminals at full load, when the power factor is 0.8

lagging.

r1 = 3, x1 = 15,

r2 = 0.03, x2 = 0.150

A. 2450 V

B. 2572 V

C. 2496 V

D. 2632 V

3. A short circuit test was performed upon a 10 kVA,

2300/230 V transformer with the following results: Esc =

137 V; Psc = 192 W; Isc = 4.34 A. Calculate in primary

terms the reactance of the transformer.

A. 31.56 ohms

C. 10.19 ohms

B. 29.88 ohms

D. 12.45 ohms

4. The following data were obtained when a short circuit

test was performed upon a 100 kVA, 2400/240 V

distribution transformer; Esc = 72 V; Isc = 41.6 A; Psc =

1180 W. All instruments are on the high side during the

short circuit test. Calculate the percent regulation at a

power factor of 0.75 lagging.

A. 2.54%

B. 2.86%

C. 2.62%

D. 2.71%

5. A 200 kVA transformer with impedance of 5% and the

power factor of the load is 85%. The primary voltage is

6000 V while the copper loss is 5 kW. Find the percentage

regulation.

A. 5.03 %

B. 5.21 %

C. 4.43 %

D. 4.03 %

6. A short circuit test was performed upon a 10 kVA,

2300/230 V transformer with the following results: Esc =

137 V; Psc = 192 W; Isc = 4.34 A. Calculate the percent

regulation at a lagging power factor of 0.707.

A. 5.28%

B. 5.55%

C. 5.37%

D. 5.72%

7. A 50 kVA, 2300/230 V, 60 cycle transformer is tested in

the laboratory so that its characteristics maybe

determined. The standard test requires an open circuit

test and short circuit test.

Open circuit test:

I = 6.5 A

E = 230 V

P = 187 W

Short circuit test:

I = 21.7 A

E = 115 V

P = 570 W

Determine the efficiency of the transformer at half load,

unity pf.

A. 97.55%

B. 98.70%

C. 98.45%

D. 97.80%

normal voltage applied to the primary is 75 W. The

maximum efficiency occurs at 60 % of full load kVA. What

is the full load efficiency of the transformer at 0.80 p.f.?

A. 95.16%

B. 93.38%

C. 89.52%

D. 91.36%

9. Find the all-day efficiency of a transformer having a

maximum efficiency of 98% at 15 kVA at unity pf and

loaded as follows:

12 hours ---------- 2 kW at 0.5 pf lagging

6 hours ----------- 12 kW at 0.8 pf lagging

6 hours ----------- at no-load

A. 95.3%

B. 91.7%

C. 94.6%

D. 93.3%

10. What should be the kVA rating of each two

transformers in an open-delta bank when the three-phase

balanced load is 290.4 kVA?

A. 155.60 kVA C. 150.25 kVA

B. 173.40 kVA D. 167.66 kVA

11. A V or open delta connected transformer bank,

composed of two identical units serves a balanced threephase load of 16 kVA at 230 V. Solve for the minimum size

in kVA of the transformers needed.

A. 8 kVA B. 9.24 kVA C. 16 kVA D. 8.25 kVA

12. The Utility Company supplies two single-phase

transformers banked in open delta. If each transformer is

rated 75 kVA capacity, what is the maximum 3-phase load

in kilowatts that the bank can carry without suffering

overload considering that the load has a lagging power

factor of 0.80.

A. 104 kW B. 112 kW C. 130 kW D. 114 kW

13. Two identical single-phase transformers connected in

open delta will serve a 3-phase motor load of 250 hp, 0.70

pf lagging, 0.90 efficiency. Solve for the minimum size in

kVA of each transformer required to serve the load

without overloading.

A. 150.33

B. 170.91

C. 160.43

D. 185.13

14. Three single-phase transformers each rated 75 kVA

are banked in delta and supplying a three-phase load

drawing 160 kVA at 0.8 lagging pf. If one transformer is

removed for repairs, solve for the amount of overloading

of the remaining units.

A. 30 kVA

B. 10 kVA

C. 20 kVA

D. 25 kVA

15. The potential transformer of a line has a ratio

132,000/66. These are connected wye-delta. The

voltmeter reads 64 V. What is the voltage of the line?

A.

221.7 kV

C. 135.2 kV

B.

112.5 kV

D. 132 kV

16. A power transformer rated 50,000 kVA, 34.5 kV/13.8

kV is connected wye-grounded primary and delta on the

secondary. Determine the full load phase current on the

secondary side.

A. 2092 A B. 1725 A C. 1449 A D. 1208 A

17. A 69/13.8 kV, 10 MVA three-phase transformer is

connected wye-grounded delta. What is the kV rating of

the secondary winding?

A. 7.97

B. 15

C. 23.9

D. 13.8

132.76 kV/66.375 kV and are connected wye-wye. A

voltmeter connected line to ground reads 66 V. What is

the transmission line voltage?

A. 228.63 kV

C. 223.15 kV

B. 220.10 kV

D. 225.25 kV

19. Two transformers are connected in parallel to supply a

common load of 175 kVA. Transformer A is rated 100 kVA

with equivalent impedance of 9.6 ohms while transformer

B is rated 75 kVA with equivalent impedance of 12.5

ohms. Find the kVA load of each transformer.

A. 78, 97

B. 76, 99

C. 80, 95

D. 75, 100

20. The MERALCO has two single-phase transformers with

equal turns ratio and rating and are operated in parallel to

supply a load of 280 kW at 0.80 lagging pf. Transformer A

has a resistance of 2% and a reactance of 8%.

Transformer B has a resistance of 1% and a reactance of

6%. Determine the power delivered by the transformers A

and B to the load.

A.

A = 123 kW, B = 157 kW

B.

A = 125 kW, B = 155 kW

C.

A = 122 kW, B = 158 kW

D.

A = 127 kW, B = 153 KW

21. A 3 phase 4 pole alternator has a single-layer winding

with 8 conductors per slot. The armature has total of 36

slots. Calculate the distribution factor. What is induced

voltage per phase when the alternator is driven at 1800

rpm with a flux of 0.041 Wb in each pole?

A. 503V

B. 540V

C. 548V

D. 584V

22. A 3 phase 4 pole, 50 Hz star connected alternator has

60 slots with 2 conductors/slot and having armature

winding of the two layer type. Coils are short-pitched i.e. if

one coil side lies in slot No.1, the other lies slot No. 13.

Find the useful flux (assumed sinusoidal) per pole required

to induce a line voltage of 6600 V.

A. 978 mWb

C. 985 mWb

B. 943 mWb

D. 982 mWb

23. A 1,000 kVA, 3000-V, 50 Hz, 3 star-field connected

alternator has an armature effective resistance of 0.2 . A

field current of 40 A produces a short circuit current of

200 A and an open circuit emf of 1040 V (line value).

Calculate the full load percentage regulation at a power

factor of 0.8 lagging. How will the regulation be effected if

the alternator delivers its full load output at a power

factor of 0.8 leading?

A. 12 B. 13

C. 13.5

D. 14

24. Find the synchronous impedance and reactance in an

alternator in which a given field current produces an

armature current of 250 A on short circuit and generated

emf of 1500 V on open circuit. The armature resistance is

2 . Hence calculate the terminal p.d when a load of 250

A at 6600 V and lagging p.f 0.8 is switched off.

A. 7,800 V

C. 7,980 V

B. 7,900 V

D. 7,892 V

25. A 6 pole, 3 phase, 60-cycle alternator has 12 slots per

pole and four conductors per slot. The winding is 5/6

entering the armature from each north pole, and flux is

sinusoidally distributed along the air gap. The armature

coils are all connected in series. The winding is wye

connected. Determine the open circuit emf of the

alternator

A. 532.1 V

C. 512.4 V

B. 504.2 V

D. 572.4 V

26. A 1500-kVA, 6600-V, 3 phase star connected

alternator has an effective resistance of 0.5 per phase

and a synchronous reactance of 5. Find the percentage

change of voltage when the full rated output at power

factor 0.8 lagging is switched off.

A. 12. 47%

C. 15%

B. 13%

D. 14%

27. A 3-phase induction motor having a star-connected

rotor has an induced e.m.f. of 80 V between slip-rings at

standstill on open circuit. The rotor has a resistance and

reactance per phase of 1 and 4 respectively.

Calculate current/phase and power factor when (a) slip

rings are short-circuited (b) slip-rings are connected to a

star-connected rheostat of 3 per phase.

A. 11.2 A, 0243; 8.16 A, 0707

B. 12.3 A, 0253; 9.17 A, 0937

C. 14.4 A, 0342; 7.15 A, 0807

D. 10.1 A, 0144; 3.26 A, 0717

28. A 3-phase induction motor has star-connected stator

windings and runs on a 50-Hz supply with 400-V between

lines. The rotor resistance and standstill reactance per

phase are 0.2 and 2 respectively. The ratio of rotor to

stator turns is 0.65. Calculate the rotor current per phase

at a slip of 3 per cent. ,

A. 25.4A B. 37.3A C. 58.5A D. 49.4A

29. A squirrel-cage motor develops a maximum torque of

2.25 times its full-load normal torque and has a standstill

reactance which is four times its resistance per phase.

Determine its slip when working on full-load.

A. 4.9% B. 5.8% C. 7.6% D. 6.8%

30. An induction motor is running at 50% of the

synchronous speed with a useful output of 55 h.p. (British)

and the mechanical losses, total 2 h.p. (British). Estimate

the copper losses in the rotor circuit. If the stator losses

total 3.5 kW, at what efficiency is the motor working?

A. 53.36%

C. 76.67%

B. 46.34%

D. 58.84%

31. A 6.pole, 3.phase induction motor runs at a .speed of

960 r.p.m. when the shaft torque is 136 N-m and the

frequency 50 Hz. Calculate the rotor Cu loss if the friction

and windage losses are 150 W.

A. 895 W

C. 476 W

B. 574 W

D. 654 W

32. In a 3-phase, 6-pole, 50 Hz induction motor, the useful

torque on full-load is 135.7 N-m. The rotor e.m.f. has a

frequency of 90 cycles/min. The total mechanical loss is

1.2 h.p. (British) and the total stator losses are 750 W.

Calculate (a) the brake Horse-power (b) the rotor Cu loss

(c) the motor input and its efficiency.

A. 10.48(British), 754 W, 96.75%

C. 19.48(British), 465 W, 76.76%

D. 20.48(British), 374 W, 66.57%

33. A 10 Hp, 550 V, 60 Hz, 3-phase induction motor has a

starting torque of 160% of full load torque and a starting

current 0f 425 % of full load current. If the motor is used

on a 440 V, 60 Hz system, what will be the starting torque

expressed in percent of full load value?

A. 102.4 %

C. 104.2 %

B. 101.8 %

D. 103.5 %

34. An induction motor of 30Hp, 220V, 3-phase draws 450

percent of the rated current with the rated voltage and

delivers during the starting period of 130% of the normal

torque. The full load efficiency and full load pf of this

motor is 80 percent and 70 percent respectively. If an

autotransformer is used as a starting unit and the starting

torque of the load is only 50 percent of the rated torque of

the motor, find the starting current on the line.

A. 301.4 A

C. 288.6 A

B. 292.7 A

D. 227.3 A

35. An induction motor is running at 50% of the

synchronous speed with a useful output of 55 h.p. (British)

and the mechanical losses, total 2 h.p. (British). Estimate

the copper losses in the rotor circuit. If the stator losses

total 3.5 kW, at what efficiency is the motor working?

A.

53.36%

C. 76.67%

B.

46.34%

D. 58.84%

36. A 40 Hp, 230 V, 8-pole, 25 Hz three phase induction

motor is running at 355 rpm at rated load. The torque lost

by friction is 24 N-m. If total stator losses amount to 1000

W, evaluate the efficiency of the motor at this load.

A.

91.42 %

C. 90.31 %

B.

88.51 %

D. 89.17 %

37. The losses in a three phase, 25-Hz, 4 pole induction

motor at full load are as follows:

Core 3%

Friction and Windage 2%

Stator Copper 4%

Rotor Copper 2%

At 70% of full load of the machine, determine its

efficiency.

A.

90.52 %

C. 87.24 %

B.

88.15 %

D. 89.81 %

38. A 10 hp, 4 pole, 25 Hz, 3 phase induction motor is

taking 9100 watts from the line. Core loss is 290 watts:

stator copper loss is 568 watts; rotor copper loss is 445

watts and the friction and windage loss 121 watts.

Determine the output torque in newton-meters.

A. 108.4

B. 112.5 C. 101.2 D. 103.3

39. A three phase wound rotor induction motor, 440 V, 60

cycle, 4-pole is connected to a pump that delivers 1000

cfm of water against an effective head of 8ft. Under this

load, the motor draws 15 KW at a power factor of 0.90.

When operated without load, the motor draws 800 watts.

The stator resistance per phase is 0.21 ohm and the rotor

resistance per phase is 0.022 ohm. The turns ratio

between stator and rotor is 4:1. Determine the efficiency

of the pump.

A.

B.

83.62 %

84.65 %

C. 83.16 %

D. 84.24 %

factor has a starting current of 5.5 times rated current. To

reduce the starting current, a wye-delta starter is

installed. What shall be the new starting current?

A.

195 A

C. 135 A

B.

302 A

D. 175 A

41. A delta connected load induction motor draws 100 A

from each line of a three phase source and develops 40

lb.ft torque at standstill. Find the torque when connected

to the same service if the motor is re-connected in wye.

A.

13.3 lb.ft

C. 40 lb.ft

B.

120 lb.ft

D. 50 lb.ft

42. A 4-pole alternator, on open circuit, generates 200 V

at 50 Hz when the field current is 4A. Determine the

generated emf at a speed of 1200 rpm and a field current

of 3 A, neglecting saturation in the iron parts.

A. 120V B. 125V C. 130V

D. 140V

43. A 30 MVA, 15 KV three phase alternator will have a per

phase nominal impedance of ?

A. 7.5

C. 15

B. 9

D. None of these

44. A two pole three phase 50 Hz Y-connected AC

generator has 9 slots per pole and 6 conductors per slot.

What is the flux per pole if the voltage on open circuit is

1.1 kV. Assume a coil span of unity.

A.

0.1657 Wb

C. 0.1507 Wb

B.

0.1742 Wb

D. 0.1728 Wb

45. A 3-phase, 16 pole alternator has a star- connected

single layer armature winding with 144 slots, 10

conductors per slot and runs at 375 rpm. The flux is 50

mWB per pole and the distribution factor is 0.96. Calculate

the frequency and the line value of the induced emf.

A.

4430 V

C. 4330 V

B.

4440 V

D. 4230 V

46. The stator of a 3-phase, 20-pole alternator has 120

slots and there are 4 conductors per slot accommodated

in two layers. If the speed of the alternator is 300rpm.

Calculate the emf induced per phase. Resultant flux in

the air gap is 55 mWb per pole. Assume that the coil span

is 150 0 electrical.

A.

911V B. 912 V

C. 80V

D. 100V

47. A 3-phase, star-connected alternator is rated at 2000

kVA, 13.5 kV. The armature effective resistance and

synchronous reactance are 1.3 and 20 respectively

per phase. Calculate the percentage regulation at full load

for power factors of 0.8 lagging & 0.8 leading.

A.

15.52%, 10.12%

C. 13.23%, 11.34%

B.

15.89%, 10.67%

D. 10.12%. 16.67%

48. A 1 MVA, 11 kV, three phase wye-connected

synchronous generator has a synchronous reactance of 5

ohms and a negligible resistance per phase. At a certain

field current the generator delivers rated load at 0.9

lagging power factor at 11 kV. For the same excitation,

what is the terminal voltage at 0.9 leading power factor

full load?

A.

B.

11.6kV

11.4kV

C. 11.3kV

D. 11.5Kv

and 90% power factor generator, two terminals are

connected to a DC source. The measured current and

voltage are 87.6 amperes and 6 volts respectively. What is

the DC resistance per phase?

A.

0.0223 ohm

C. 0.0685 ohm

B.

0.0342 ohm

D. 0.0617 ohm

50. Determine the efficiency of a 1500 kVA, 2300 V, 3

phase, Y-connected alternator, which operates at rated

output with a power factor of 80%. The DC armature

resistance at 70 0 C between terminals is 0.08 ohm. The

field takes 70 A at 120 V from the exciter equipment.

Friction and windage losses are 15 kW, iron loss is 35 kW

and stray loss is 1.5 kW. Assume the effective armature

winding resistance is 1.5 times the DC value.

A.

94.56 %

C. 93.35 %

B.

90.31 %

D. 92.62 %

51. There are two alternators 100 kW, 3 phase in parallel

are driven by shunt motors whose speed-load

characteristics are as follows: Alternator 1. No-load speed

is 600 rpm and full load speed 530 rpm, while alternator

2, no load speed 590 rpm and full load speed 550 rpm. For

what load will the alternator divide the load equality?

A.

62.45 kW

C. 67.54 kW

B.

68.78 kW

D. 64.67 kW

52. A 1,000 kVA, 3000-V, 50 Hz, 3 star-field connected

alternator has an armature effective resistance of 0.2 . A

field current of 40 A produces a short circuit current of

200 A and an open circuit emf of 1040 V (line value).

Calculate the full load percentage regulation at a power

factor of 0.8 lagging. How will the regulation be effected if

the alternator delivers its full load output at a power

factor of 0.8 leading?

A.

12

B. 13

C. 13.5

D. 14

53. Two alternators running in parallel supply the following

loads: the load of the machine is adjusted to 2000 kW at

pf 0.95 lagging. Find the p.f of the other machine.

i. 1500 kw at 0.9 p.f lagging

ii. 1000 kW at 0.8 p.f lagging

iii. 800 kW at unity p.f

iv. 600 kW at 0.8 p.f leading

A.

0.98 lag

C. 0.707 lag

B.

0.9 lead

D. 0.707 lead

54. Two exactly similar turbo-alternators are rated 20 MW

each. They are running in parallel. The speed-load

characteristics of the driving turbines are such that the

frequency of the alternator one drops uniformly from 50

Hz on no load to 48 Hz on full load, that of the alternator

two from 50 Hz to 48.5 Hz. How will the two machines

share load of 30, 000 kW?

A. 13MW, 17.14MW

C. 12.86MW,17.14MW

B. 14.86MW, 18MW

D. 12MW, 16MW

55. The principle of working of a transformer is?

A. Static induction

B. Dynamic induction

C. Mutual induction

D. Self induction

56. The path of the magnetic flux in a transformer has?

A. Low reactance

C. high conductance

B. High reactance

D. low resistance

57. Electric power is transformed from one coil to other

coil in a transformer?

A. Physically

C. Electrically

B. Magnetically

D. Electromagnetically

58. A transformer operates?

A. Always at unity power factor

B. Has its own power factor

C. At power factor below a particular value

D. At power factor depending on the power factor of the

load

59. The laminations are made from?

A. Low carbon steel

B. Silicon sheet steel

C. Cickel steel stampings

D. Chrome steel sheets

60. The main function of the iron core in a transformer is

to?

A. Provide strength to the windings

B. To decrease the hysteresis losses

C. Decrease the reluctance of the magnetic path

D. Reduce eddy current losses

61. The efficiency of 2 transformer is normally in the

range of?

A. 50% to 70% C. 80% to 90%

B. 60% to 75% D. 90% to 98%

62. The resistance of low voltage side of a transformer?

A. Is equal to resistance of its high voltage side

B. Is more than resistance of its high voltage side

C. Is less than the resistance of its high voltage side

D. B or C

63. The basic propety of the transformer is that it changes

the voltage level of an ac signal

A. Without changing the power

B. Without changing its shape

C. Without changing its frequency

D. Without changing power, frequency or shape

64. The no-load current of a transformer in terms of full

load current is usually?

A. 1 to 3% B. 3 to 9% C. 9 to 12% D. 12 to 20%

65. The type of the motor that does not have commutator

in the?

A. Repulsion motor

C. D.C shunt motor

B. Induction motor

D. A.C series motor

66. A certain motor is driven by a 1750 rpm dc shunt

motor. If the power supply is to be changed to three

phase, 50 cycle, ac, the most suitable replacement motor

would be a?

A. Synchronous motor

B. A.C. commutator motor

C. Capacitor motor

D. Squirrel cage induction motor

based on?

A. Faradays law

B. Rotating magnetic field

C. Flemings right-hand rule

D. Ohms law

68. The rotor of an induction motor gets its power from?

A. The line voltage

B. Slip ring

C. A centrifugal switch

D. Magnetic induction

69. The induction motors are designed for?

A. Three phase C. single phase

B. Two phase D. all of the above

70. The rotor speed of an induction motor is?

A. The same as the synchronous speed

B. Faster than the synchronous speed

C. Slower than the synchronous speed

D. Determined by frequency and the number of poles

71. The induction motor differs from the synchronous

motor is that it?

A. Requires a dc source for its rotor

B. Does not require a rotating magnetic field

C. Current is induced in its rotor

D. Current is conducted in rotor

72. To reverse the direction of rotating of a three phase

induction motor, it is necessary to?

A. Interchange all the three line connections

B. Reverse the polarity of the rotor circuit

C. Increase the resistance of the rotor circuit

D. Interchange any two of the three line connection

73. Squirrel cage induction motor differs from the slip ring

type in that it has no.

A. Slip rings

C. windings on the rotor

B. Rotor winding

D. rotating part

74. If no load speed of a squirrel cage induction motor

connected to a three phase 50 cycle supply is 740 rpm

the motor mhas:

A. 2 poles

C. 6 poles

B. 4 poles

D. 8 poles

75. Squirrel cage induction motor has?

A. Zero starting torque

B. Very small starting torque

C. Very high starting torque

D. Extra starting torque and it starts up from rest

76. Just like a dc shunt motor the speed of the induction

motor operating in stable region?

A. Decreases with increase in load

B. Increases with increase in load

C. Decreases with decrease in load

D. None of the above is true

77. Magnetic flux produced due to the stator winding with

three pahase current of frequency f and which is of

constant value, rotates ta synchronous speed. If p is the

number of poles of the motor then the synchronous speed

is given by:

A.

Ns=

120 P

f

C.

N s =120 fP

B.

Ns=

120 f

P

D.

Ns=

60 f

P

A. Rotor runs at a speed equal to the speed of stator field

B. Rotor runs at a speed which is always lesser than the

speed of the stator field

C. Rotor runs at a speed which is always higher than the

speed of the stator field

D. B and C both are correct

79. The difference between the synchronous speed N, and

the actual speed n of the rotor is known as slip. It can be

expressed as a percentage and is given by?

A.

N 1 N

N

% slip S =

100

B. % slip S =

N N 1

100

N

C. % slip S =

N N 1

100

N1

D. % slip S=(N1-S)

80. The frequency of the rotor current in an induction

motor is given by (If f is the supply frequency f is the rotor

frequency and S is the slip)

A. f = Sf

C. f2 = Sf

B. f2 = Sf2

D. S = fxf2

81. In a 3 induction motor the torque

A. Increases with the increase in supply voltage

B. Decreases with the increases in supply voltage

C. Has no relation with the supply voltage

D. A and B depending upon situation

82. Improvement in the power factor in an induction

motor?

A. Decreases the torque

B. Increases the torque

C. Increases the current

D. Increases the torque ans decreases the current due to

increases impedance

83. Torque in an induction motor running condition is

given by?

A.

T1 =

K 1 E22 R 2

R2 + SX 2

K 1 SE22 R 2

2

R 22 + ( SX 2 )

C. T1 =

compared to hydroelectric ones are?

A. Smaller because speed is high

B. Smaller because speed is less

C. Larger because speed is high

D. None of these

B.

K 1 E2 R2

2

2

R2 + SX 2

T1 =

D. T1 =

K 1 SE2 R2

2

2

R2 + X 2

84. In an induction motor the torque is related with the

supply voltage as?

A.

V1/2

C. T

B.

D. T

V2

1

V2

terms of rotor reactance is given by?

A.

Tmax=

K S E 2

2 x2

C. Tmax=

K S E 2

2

X2

B.

Tmax=

K E2

2 x2

K E2

D. Tmax=

X2

S

A. Which makes rotor reactance/phase equal to rotor

resistance/phase

B. Which makes rotor reactance/phase greater than rotor

resistance/phase

C. Which makes rotor reactance/phase lesser than rotor

resistance/phase

D. Which is independent of rotor resistance

87. The value of slip at maximum torque condition (under

running condition) terms of R2 and X2 is?

A.

B.

S=

S=

X2

R2

R2

X2

C. S=

D. S=

2 R2

X2

E2

2 X2

A. Brushes

C. poles

B. Armature

D. None of these

89. Alternators mostly work on rotating field type principle

which is different from dc machines where the field is

stationary. Therefore the alternators.

A. Dont obey Faradays law

B. Work on faradays law

C. Do not obey Lenzs law

D. Dont obey ohms law

91. For a coil having a span of 2/3 or pole pitch, the coil

span facto is?

A. 0.8

C. 0.786

B. 0.866

D. 0.966

92. Distributing the armature winding of alternator is more

than one number of slots per pole per phase results in?

A. Reduction of irregularities produced in the waveform

B. Economy of materials used in winding

C. Less weight of the entire armature

D. Increase of generated emf per phase

93. An alternator is capable of delivering power at a

particular frequency. The frequency can be increased by?

A. Increasing armature speed

B. Reversing the armature rotation

C. Increasing the current supplied to the field

electromagnets

D. Reversing the field polarity

95. for two alternators operating inparallel, if the load

shared by one of them is to be increased, its field

excitation is?

A. To be strengthened keeping input torque same

B. To be weakend keeping input torque same

C. To be kept constant but input torque should be

increased

D. None of the above

96. Distribution factor K is defined as the ratio of emfs of:

A. Distributed winding to full winding

B. Concentra winding to distributed winding

C. Distributed winding to concentrated winding

D. Full pitch winding to distributed winding

97. One of the advantages of a short pitch winding lies in:

A. Elimination or suppression of harmonies

B. Reduction of voltage

C. Increasing the inductance

D. Reduction of circulating current

98. Synchronous impedance of an alternator is defined as

the ratio of?

A. Short circuit voltage to short circuit current

B. Open circuit voltage to short circuit current

C. Short circuit current to no load current

D. Open circuit voltage to short circuit current for same

value of excitation

99. Synchronization of alternators means,

A. Connecting alternators in series

B. Transferring load from one alternator to another

C. Connecting alternators in parallel

D. Adjusting the excitation of the alternators

100. In order to transfer the load from one alternator to

another alternator, when they are operating in parallel.

A. Field current is increased

B. Field current is decreased

C. Speed is decreased

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