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Examples of Bioversity’s work in spatial

analyses

June 9 2010, Nairobi, Kenya


CSI Meeting

Maarten van Zonneveld


Associate Scientist in Diversity Analysis for Conservation and Use
m.vanzonneveld@cgiar.org
Who we are

We are a non-profit organization with offices in 20 countries and working


on projects in over 100 countries with about 300 research partners
Content

• Germplasm information systems


• Conservation of genetic resources
• Use of genetic resources
• GIS capacity building
• Some reflections
Content

• Germplasm information systems


• Conservation of genetic resources
• Use of genetic resources
• GIS capacity building
• Some reflections
- Global Crop Diversity Trust
GENESYS - International Treaty on Plant
www.genesys-pgr.org/ Genetic Resources

Contact person: Fawsey Nawar


GENESYS
www.genesys-pgr.org/

Contact person: Fawsey Nawar


EUFGIS
www.eufgis.org
Project partners:
• Web-based, permanent information system to serve as the European
•Bioversity
documentation platform for national Forest Genetic Resources
International
(FGR) inventories
•BFW Austria
• A network of FGR inventories in 40 countries to provide data for the
•State Forest Tree
Improvement Station information system
Denmark
• Minimum requirements for dynamic gene conservation units of
•INRA France
forest trees and common information standards for these units at
•National Forest pan-European level
Centre Slovakia

•Slovenian Forestry • To make available, as a first step, harmonized data on the dynamic
Institute Slovenia gene conservation units of 20 tree species from at least 80 % of
the countries within each species’ distribution range in Europe
•Forest Research
United Kingdom
• To provide training on FGR documentation to national focal points in
participating countries

Contact person: Jarkko Koskela


Content

• Germplasm information systems


• Conservation of genetic resources
• Use of genetic resources
• GIS capacity building
• Some reflections
Gap Analysis
A. Jarvis, N. Castañeda, J. Ramírez (CIAT)

 13 crop genepools analyzed


 Recommendations on which taxa are priority to conserve
 Maps indicating what and where to collect
 Results publicly available at: http://gisweb.ciat.cgiar.org/GapAnalysis/
Evaluation of conservation status of
wild plant species
M. van Zonneveld, J. Salcedo, N. Castañeda, X. Scheldeman, V. Van Damme, A. Jarvis
MAPFORGEN
In situ conservation

Ex situ conservation
Diversity and Genetic Erosion

Willemen et al. 2007


Diversity and Climate Change
X. Scheldeman, M. van Zonneveld, N. Castaneda

Allelic richness

Climate change impact


(2050)
Diversity and climate change
Impact on natural populations of subtropical
pine species
M. van Zonneveld, A. Jarvis, C. Leibing

Collaboration between Bioversity and the Central


America and Mexico Coniferous Resources
Cooperative (CAMCORE)

Understanding adaptive capacity of plant species to climate alterations


P. patula P. patula
P. patula P. tecunumanii

Precipitation seasonality (VC)


Precipitation seasonality (VC)

120 120
Natural distribution
Natural
80 distribution 80

40 Trial distribution 40 Trial distribution

0 0
0 150 300 450 0 150 300 450
Temperature seasonality (SD x 100) Temperature seasonality (SD x 100)
Content

• Germplasm information systems


• Conservation of genetic resources
• Use of genetic resources
• GIS capacity building
• Some reflections
Seeds for Needs

Barley

Sweet potato

© ICARDA

© A. Cahalan
Ethiopia PNG
Wheat

Taro

© CIMMYT

© D. Monniaux
E. Dulloo, X. Scheldeman, M. van Zonneveld, I. Thormann, P. Mathur
Seed for Needs
Identifying accessions for adaptation to climate
change
PCA with current climate profiles of the collection sites of Barley accessions in
Ethiopia and current and future climate profiles of three Barley evaluation sites.
(4-month growing season)
Seeds for Needs
Combining trait-based and climate-based
selection

Susceptibility of Barley accesions to Scald


10
9
Susceptibility to Scald

8
7
6
5 Accessions
4 originating from
3 hot climates with
2 low susceptibility
1 to Scald
0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
Mean annual temperature (celcius) at site of collection
Seeds for Needs
Adaptation of tropical pine plantation forestry
Leibing et al., 2010
Which seed material performs best in which area?
Seeds for Needs
Adaptation of tropical pine plantation forestry
In the colored areas it is recommended to change current seed material
for seed material from another ecotypes better adapted to expected
changes in local climate by 2020
Leibing et al., 2010
Content

• Germplasm information systems


• Conservation of genetic resources
• Use of genetic resources
• GIS capacity building
• Some reflections
GIS training courses
Development of GIS self-learning manual
Content

• Germplasm information systems


• Linking genebanks to farmers
• Conservation of genetic resources
• Capacity building
• Reflections
Reflections

• Importance of standardization of methodology between


institutions (e.g. common information standards)
• High demand for GIS training of national partners

• Great to be here; already learned some interesting stuff (e.g.


the potential of using mobile phone networks for data
collection)