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ACCESS – HAPA

Analysis of Climate Change in


Environmental and Social Studies through
Historical Aerial Photography Archives
Draft proposal
By Paolo Paron, PhD
Where

It’s not a
white
roof…it’s
snow!
What
Whaaat…?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ONqn-Mxslg
When
Country < 1960 > 1960 Blank Total
Zambia 103,976 53,678 14,749 172,403
Nigeria 76,323 72,307 2,308 150,938
Kenya 85,264 51,867 0 137,131
Tanzania 88,802 25,880 784 115,466
Sabah / Sarawak 91,840 21,936 158 113,934
Malaya 59,791 0 0 59,791
Uganda 40,444 7,128 495 48,067
Ghana 37,987 9,195 0 47,182
Malawi 22,771 15,825 0 38,596
Lesotho 19,748 18,356 0 38,104
Aden 35,890 447 0 36,337
(British) Guyana 15,346 17,412 - 32,758
Fiji 13,732 18,817 0 32,549
Sierra Leone 27,772 2,920 0 30,692
Botswana 23,218 7,133 0 30,351
Somalia 29,853 0 41 29,894
Ethiopia 44 24,024 0 24,068
Gambia, the 9,389 11,380 0 20,769
Sudan 0 18,344 0 18,344
CHANGE DETECTION
SO FAR - Corona

2000s, 10-20
2010
1990s y

Beginning of Very High Resolution Sat Images

AFTER
2000s, 1940s,
2010
1990s 1960s
50-70y
Shifting backward in time of the baseline
PARTNERSHIP
African Studies &
Geography

EC (JRC) Smith School of


Bodleian Library Enterprise &
Environment

FAO (?)
David Anderson Private Tony Allan
David Frame
Sir David King foundations (?) Andrew Goudie
Sir Martin McWilliam

www.africa.ox.ac.uk
www.geog.ox.ac.uk
British & French Museum of
www.smithschool.ox.ac.uk Research Empire &
www.empiremuseum.co.uk
www.ifranairobi.org
Institute Nairobi Commonwealth
www.bodleyan.ox.ac.uk
Workflow
Metadata
design Cataloguing
Server/Client
design
Web platform
design

Georef, Production
cycle Scanning
etc

Out in the sky Indexing

User’s needs
Project TIMELINE
MoUs, Copyright agreements, etc Establish/Reinforce Change Expand to similar archives
Cataloguing detection excellence centres Maintain the Change
Scanning Change detection analysis detection centres and network
Georeferencing & Processing Educational tools
On-Line Research tools
Dissemination Policy making tools

Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3


Empowering Expanding
Back to new
local/intern to other
life
centres countries
Duration: 2.5-3y Duration: 1.5-2 y Duration: …
Location: UK + Kenya + Location: UK, Kenya, … Location: …
India (?)
OUTPUTS

1 2 4

Phase 1 - Phase 2 –
Policy
Data Change
advice
preparation detection
PROS
Phase 1
• Scalability (East Africa → Great HoA → Africa →…)
• UK/Kenya (scanning / georeferencing - googling)
• Web site / On-line payment
Phase 2
• Collaborative research projects
• Change detection studies
CONSTRAINTS

• Copyright (< 1960 & > 1960)

• Agreements with national surveys

• Downloading (band speed)

• Technicalities (georeferencing system, displaying platform,


etc…)
Thank you
TIMING & STAFFING (phase 1 only)
2 scenarios: 10’ vs 5’ /photo AND 1.5 y for georeferencing

Scenario n of photos min/photo staff min/photo staff

A = Whole dataset 1,500,000 10 92 5 38

B = Africa only 923,600 10 57 5 28

C = Horn of Africa 372,800 10 23 5 11

D = East Africa 300,700 10 18 5 9

E = Kenya 137,200 10 8 5 4

F = Somalia 30,000 10 2 5 1
Map-mind Phase 1
Country Total Country Total Country Total
Aden 36337 Ethiopia 24068 Papua New Guinea 0
Anguila 561 Falkland Is 8413 Penrhyn 251
Antigua 453 Fiji 32549 Rodriguez 1668
Argentina 511 Gambia, the 20769 Sabah / Sarawak 113934
Aribati 0 Ghana 47182 Saudi Arabia 112
Ascension Island 427 Gilbert Is 3280 Shortlands ALU Is 140
Australia 0 Grenada 626 Seychelles 6295
Bahama 7704 Haiti 9 Sierra Leone 30692
Bangladesh 0 Jamaica 11724 Singapore 610
Barbados 1240 Kenya 137131 Solomon Is 7965
Barbuda 586 Kiribati 22 Somalia 29894
Belize 8694 Lake Chad 2975 St Helena 1611
Bermuda 796 Lesotho 38104 St Kitts-Nevis 1094
Bolivia 0 Liberia 3617 St Lucia 2421
Borneo 1501 Malawi 38596 St Vincent 2687
Botswana 30351 Malaya 59791 Starbuck Is 520
(British) Guyana 32758 Malden Is 717 Sudan 18344
British Honduras 13119 Maldives 151 Swaziland 8499
Brunei 37 Malta 2837 Tanzania 115466
Canada 0 Marshal Islands 0 Tonga 0
Cayman Is 1941 Mauritania 0 Trinidad and Tobago 2080
Christmas Is 1074 Mauritius 7414 Turks and Caicos 2994
Cyprus 16740 Montserrat 458 Uganda 48067
Dominica 2006 Nepal 10289 Virgin Is 1727
Ecuador 0 New Hebrides 7534 W. Indies 2933
El Salavador 1178 Nigeria 150938 Yemen 9024
Zambia 172403

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