Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 15

PERHITUNGAN SISA UMUR AKIBAT FATIGUE

PENDAHULUAN
Crane milik PT. Silo Maritime Perdana serian number 43659/43660 seperti pada
gambar 1 dan gambar 2 adalah jenis crane yang sangat sederhana yang terbuat
dari pipa diameter 559 mm dengan ketebalan 12,5 mm dan panjang boom 23,6
meter.
Crane diperasikan dengan sudut 0 sampai dengan 68 dengan beban
maksimum 15 Ton
DATA
Data seperti gambar 2. Material diasumsikan (tidak ada data) adalah
( Steel Structure )

A53B

PERHITUNGAN KEKUATAN
Perhitungan dilakukan dengan metode elemen hingga (SAP 200 ).
Perhitungan sisa umur dari crane dilakukan terhadap boom daripada crane
tersebut. Gambar 1 dan gambar 2 memperlihatkan foto dan gambar stech
dimensi dari crane PT. Silo Maritime Perdana.

Gambar 1, Crane PT Silo Martime Perdana

Gambar 2, Dimensi utama crane

Dan gambar 3 serta gambar 4 adalah model FEA dari crane tersebut pada saat
boom membentuk sudut sebesar 0 dan 68 derajat terhadap bidang datar.

(a)

(b)

Gambar 3, Model FEA dari cranesaat boom padaposisi 0 derajat (a) dan 68
derajat (b)

Gambar 4, distribusi bending danteganganaksialpada boom ketikasudut boom 0

derajat
Gambar 5, distribusi bending danteganganaksialpada boom ketikasudut boom 68
derajat

Gambar 6, Nilai-nilai Unity Check (UC) dari konstruksi crane


Tegangan-tegangan yang timbul pada boom pada kedua posisi boom ternyata
lebih kecil dari pada thershold stress yang di syaratkan oleh AISC yang dianggap
dapat mengakibatkan fatigue. Oleh karena itu boom masih kuat terhadap
fatigue.
Beban simulasi dilakukan pada sudut 0 dan 68

Beban

Sudut

15 Ton
15 Ton

0
68

Moment
11,72 Ton
4,39 Ton

Gaya
Aksial
-16,71 Ton
-18,57 Ton

Tegangan maksimum yang terjadi pada beban tersebut di atas axial 47,74 Mpa
Perhitungan Umur Fatique
Mpa

69 Mpa
47,74 Mpa

Endurance Stress

Umur

Menurut AISC, titik batas lelah sebesar 69 Mpa

KESIMPULAN
Dari hasil perhitungan diatas di simpulkan bahwa tegangan-tegangan yang
timbul pada boom dari crane akibat beban sebesar 15 ton masih di bawah
endurance stress atautreshold stress yang di syaratkan oleh API SPEC 2Cdan
American Insttitute of Steel Construction (AISC) Appendix 3 Design For Fatigue
sebesar 69 MPa, sedangkan tegangan maksimum yang timbul pada boom hanya
sebesar 47,74 Mpa (Lampiran A). Sehingga secara teoritis umur dari boom
tersebut tidak di batasi oleh fatigue melainkan oleh faktor-faktor lainnya antara
lain kerusakan pada boom dan penipisan dinding boom akibat korosi
sertabagian-bagian lainnya dari boom yang menerima konsentrasi tegangan
seperti pada pasangan pad eye dan pin yang terdapat pada kedua ujung boom
tersebut.

SARAN
Walaupun boom terindikasi kuat terhadap beban mekanis dalam hal ini fatigue,
namun bagian-bagian dari boom lainnya yaitu pasangan pad eye dan pin yang
terdapat pada kedua ujung boom juga harus di perhitungkan karena mungkin
saja bagaian-bagian tersebut yang menentukan umur fatigue dari boom.

Lampiran A
HASIL PERHITUNGAN
EQUAL STRESS
PADA BOOM CRANE

Frame
Text
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

OutputCas
e
Text
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

Equal
Stress
N/mm2
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
4.36
5.32
5.32
7.64
7.64
9.95
9.95
10.91
1.23
3.11
3.11
7.64
7.64
12.16
12.16
14.04
1.76
0.99
0.99
7.64
7.64
14.28
14.28
17.03
4.62
1.03
1.03
7.64
7.64
16.30
16.30
19.89
7.33
2.95
2.95

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

7.64
7.64
18.22
18.22
22.60
9.91
4.77
4.77
7.64
7.64
20.04
20.04
25.18
12.34
6.49
6.49
7.64
7.64
21.76
21.76
27.62
14.64
8.11
8.11
7.64
7.64
23.39
23.39
29.91
16.80
9.64
9.64
7.64
7.64
24.91
24.91
32.07
18.82
11.07
11.07
7.64
7.64
26.34
26.34
34.09
20.70

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

12.40
12.40
7.64
7.64
27.67
27.67
35.97
22.44
13.63
13.63
7.64
7.64
28.90
28.90
37.71
24.04
14.76
14.76
7.64
7.64
30.03
30.03
39.31
25.50
15.79
15.79
7.64
7.64
31.06
31.06
40.77
26.82
16.73
16.73
7.64
7.64
32.00
32.00
42.10
28.01
17.56
17.56
7.64
7.64
32.84
32.84

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

43.28
29.05
18.30
18.30
7.64
7.64
33.57
33.57
44.32
29.96
18.94
18.94
7.64
7.64
34.21
34.21
45.23
30.72
19.48
19.48
7.64
7.64
34.76
34.76
45.99
31.35
19.93
19.93
7.64
7.64
35.20
35.20
46.62
31.84
20.27
20.27
7.64
7.64
35.54
35.54
47.11
32.18
20.52
20.52
7.64
7.64

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

35.79
35.79
47.46
32.39
20.67
20.67
7.64
7.64
35.94
35.94
47.67
32.46
20.71
20.71
7.64
7.64
35.99
35.99
47.74
32.39
20.67
20.67
7.64
7.64
35.94
35.94
47.67
32.18
20.52
20.52
7.64
7.64
35.79
35.79
47.46
31.84
20.27
20.27
7.64
7.64
35.54
35.54
47.11
31.35
19.93
19.93

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

7.64
7.64
35.20
35.20
46.62
30.72
19.48
19.48
7.64
7.64
34.76
34.76
45.99
29.96
18.94
18.94
7.64
7.64
34.21
34.21
45.23
29.05
18.30
18.30
7.64
7.64
33.57
33.57
44.32
28.01
17.56
17.56
7.64
7.64
32.84
32.84
43.28
26.82
16.73
16.73
7.64
7.64
32.00
32.00
42.10
25.50

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

15.79
15.79
7.64
7.64
31.06
31.06
40.77
24.04
14.76
14.76
7.64
7.64
30.03
30.03
39.31
22.44
13.63
13.63
7.64
7.64
28.90
28.90
37.71
20.70
12.40
12.40
7.64
7.64
27.67
27.67
35.97
18.82
11.07
11.07
7.64
7.64
26.34
26.34
34.09
16.80
9.64
9.64
7.64
7.64
24.91
24.91

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

32.07
14.64
8.11
8.11
7.64
7.64
23.39
23.39
29.91
12.34
6.49
6.49
7.64
7.64
21.76
21.76
27.62
9.91
4.77
4.77
7.64
7.64
20.04
20.04
25.18
7.33
2.95
2.95
7.64
7.64
18.22
18.22
22.60
4.62
1.03
1.03
7.64
7.64
16.30
16.30
19.89
1.76
0.99
0.99
7.64
7.64

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1
COMB1

Tegangan equal
maksimum:

14.28
14.28
17.03
1.23
3.11
3.11
7.64
7.64
12.16
12.16
14.04
4.36
5.32
5.32
7.64
7.64
9.95
9.95
10.91
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
7.64
47.74
N/mm2