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Section: ____________________________________________
Chapter 1
1. According to him, history is a process of creation of national culture.
2. According to him, history offers the key to national identity and the basis for future
3. He is the author of the Sucesos de las Filipinas, an account annotated by Jose Rizal.
4. He is the father of Filipino Nationalist Historiography.
5. According to him, history is the recorded struggle of people for ever increasing freedom
and for newer and higher realization of the human person.
6. His book The Philippines: A Past Revisited clarified that history is not merely the work of
heroes and great men.
7. This is a genealogical record of the sultans or datus who tried to preserve the lineage of
the ruling class.
8. This is a book attributed to the late Hadji Butu, Abdul Baqui, Wazir of the Sulu Sultanate,
who tried to record historical and personal events of his time.
9. It is the study of the cultural events of the past through the material remains left by
10.These are material equipment made by people of the past like tools, pottery, and jewelry.
11.These are preserved remains of plants, animals, and people of a remote geological past.
12.This is a term used for the past human experiences prior to the existence of written
13.He is a Frenchman whose early archaeological undertakings in the Philippines began with
the first major expedition in 1881 in the island of Marinduque.
14.He is a German traveler reported having encountered a priest in Naga, Camarines Sur who
collected artifacts from ancient graveyards.
15.He was noted to have found ground and polished stone tools during his exile in Dapitan,
Zamboanga Del Norte.
16.He led the team which conducted the second major archaeological exploration in different
parts of the Philippines.
17.He is considered as the Father of Philippine Archaeology and Prehistory.
18.He conducted the first postwar excavations in Masbate Island from 1951 to 1953.
19.He undertook the analysis and x-rays of the Tabon skullcap and mandible in 1975.
20.This story, now considered an unhistorical data, is about 10 Malay datu from Borneo who
settled in the Philippine Islands.
21.This ancient document, now considered unhistorical, was previously regarded as the
second oldest legal code in the Philippines.
22.Considered historical error, her story as a legendary warrior princess has been adopted as
a symbol of a woman of distinguished courage and inspiration for women in the country.
23.He was a historian of Prespanic Philippines who confirmed that the Code of Kalantiaw was
a forgery.
24.With colleagues at the National Museum of the Philippines, he led the excavation at the
Tabon caves in Palawan, which led to the discovery of the late Pleistocene human fossil
remains and associated stone implements.
25.He claimed to discover the Pavon Manuscripts, where Code of Kalantiaw was allegedly
contained, and presented the document to the Philippine Library and Museum in 1914.
Chapter 2
1. According to this theory, the physical and chemical processes that have acted throughout
geologic time are the same processes seen today.
2. This is the term used for the supercontinent in Alfred Wegeners theory of continental drift.

3. This phenomenon gave rise to the growth of rainforests and marshes, which favored the
survival of large animals.
4. According to this theory, the Philippines came into existence after the eruptions of
volcanoes beneath the Pacific Ocean.
5. This theory states that the Philippines was once part of Continental Asia.
6. This is the early Chinese traders and geographers name for the Philippines.
7. In 1521, He named the present-day Philippines Islas de San Lazaro.
8. He gave the name Filipinas to the present-day Philippines in honor of Prince Philip of
9. This country located in the western pacific ocean has an astronomical location of 4-21 N
Latitude and 116-127 E Longitude.
10.Created through RA 6734, the region has a jurisdiction over administrative organizations,
family relations, natural resources, economic and tourism development.
11.It is a type of climate experienced by countries located in the torrid zone.
12.Considered descendants of the original settlers of the Philippines, they were not absorbed
by centuries of Spanish and American colonization.
13.This theory concerning the peopling of the Philippine archipelago is now being dismissed
for its lack of archaeological or historical evidences.
14.According to this theory, the inhabitants of the Philippines consist of a core population to
which came accretions of people who moved in from the region.
15.He is the proponent of the theory suggesting that the ancestors of the Filipinos came in
waves of migration.
Chapter 3
1. It is considered the earliest known written document discovered in the Philippines.
2. He is a Dutch national who was able to unlock the message on the Laguna copperplate.
3. It is the era of receptivity to Islam which resulted to the conversions to the Islamic faith
with the arrival of missionaries in Sulu.
4. One among the five pillars of Islam which profess that There is no God but Allah, and
Muhammad is the messenger of God.
5. This is an Islamic celebration after the sighting of the crescent moon at the end of
6. It is a manuscript written in 1590 which contains illustrations of ethnic groups in the
Philippines at the time of their initial contact with the Spaniards.
7. It is the visayan term for the dependent class.
8. They are the indigenous Filipino religious leaders who performed religious and healing
9. Popular all over the Philippine Islands, it was a method of self-defense with instruments
made of rattan canes or betel nut trees.
10.These are figures placed in a granary house where they are believed to guard the harvest
from pests and thieves.
11.This is the term for the ancient tagalog script.
12.This is the Ifugao tribal calendar recorder.
13.This is the art of acquiring amulets taught as one of the subjects in an ancient school in
14.This is an example of funerary vessel considered a national culture treasure of the
15.These are earthen jars, an industry that dates back to pre-colonial times when immigrants
from China came and settled in Vigan.
Chapter 4
1. He is the Spanish navigator who named the present-day Philippines Felipinas?
2. He is the Spanish navigator who successfully colonized the Philippines in 1565.

3. He is the Spanish navigator who named the present-day Philippines Islas de San Lazaro.
4. It is a ceremony conducted to seal the friendship between the natives and the foreigners
in the early times.
5. According to the RA 2733, it is the site of the first Christian mass in the Philippines.
6. According to Dr. Sonia Zaide, this site has a claim as the site of the first recorded mass in
the Philippines.
7. He was the chieftain of Mactan at the arrival of Magellan who refused refused to accept
the colonizers.
8. It is an administrative unit for the purpose of demanding tribute from the natives in the
early Spanish occupation of the Philippines.
9. This term is used to refer to the prominent land-owning and propertied citizens who could
read, write, and speak Spanish.
10.Considered the province, this is where peace had been established by the Spanish
11.It refers to the assignment of annual quotas to each province for the compulsory sale of
products to the government.
12.It refers to the resettlement of inhabitants in Spanish-style poblaciones or at least within
hearing distance of the church bells.
13.They are full-blooded spanish born in the Spanish Peninsula but living in the Philippines.
14.This pertains to the natives of the Philippines without Spanish or Chinese ancestry.
15.This book written by Fray Juan de Oliver was considered the earliest book printed in the
16.It is the first college for girls in the Philippines.
17.This religious order founded the first college for boys in 1589.
18.It is the term used to call the Chinese during the Spanish times.
19.He is regarded as the first Chinese threat to Spanish rule in the Philippines.
20.They staged the first successful foreign invasion of the Philippines during the Spanish Era.
Geography and Resources (p. 21-28)
1. Why is the Philippines dubbed as the crossroads of the Pacific?
2. Who returned the national capital from Quezon City to Manila?
3. What are the northernmost and southernmost points of the country
4. How many geographical regions do we have in the Philippines?
5. What is ARMM?
6. What is the La Mesa Nature Reserve Eco Trail?
7. Who is Mariang Makiling?
8. What are the three major mountain ranges of Northern Luzon?
9. Where is the most productive gold and copper mines in the country located?
10.Why is Baguio City the summer capital of the Philippines?
11.How many active volcanoes do we have the Philippines?
12.Why is Taal Volcano a regular tourist drawer?
13.Why is Mt. Mayon world famous?
14.What are the geological monuments of the country?
15.What are the government agencies assigned to issue declaration of national
geological monuments?
16.What is the longest river in the country?
17.What is the narrowest strait in the world?
18.What is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia?
19.What is Tubbataha Reef? Where is it located?
20.What is the Rice Granary of the Philippines?
21.Who declared Narra as the national tree?
22.What are the unique animals found in the Philippines?
23.What is the largest insect in the country?
24.What are the largest and smallest bat specie in the world?

25.Why is Philippine eagle also known as the King of Philippine Birds?

26.What is the worlds largest fish?
27.Where is the site of Philippine Gold Rush since 1983?
28.What is the oldest and largest copper mine in the country?
The Filipino People (p. 30-33)
1. What is the Hagabi?
2. What is an ulog?
3. Who are considered to be the most sophisticated mountain region people of the
4. Who are the Hanunuo?
5. Who constitute the largest muslim group in the country?
6. Who are the People of the Lake?
7. What are the vintas?
8. What is inculturation?
9. What is the national language of the Philippines?
10.How many local dialects do we have in the Philippines?

I. Define the following terms:

1. Pandot
2. Manganito
3. Salakot
4. Pisidum
5. Tridacna Gigas
6. Glory of the Sea
7. Manaul
8. Katala
9. Bathala
10. Putong
II. Give the contribution or significance to geography and history of the following:
1. Abraham Ortelius
2. Gerardus Mercator
3. Ptolemy
4. Alfred Wegener
5. Van Koenigswald
6. Bailey Wallis

7. Bernardo Carpio
III. Identify the place or the geographical landmark described.
1. Largest deposit of nickel
2. Longest mountain range
3. Highest peak of the Philippines
4. Location of Montalban Caves