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Steven K. Dowd
Contributing Writers
Dennis Servaes
Patrick Armijo
Michael A. Trimble
From the Publishers Desk
Cabales Serrada Escrima
Interview with Grandmaster Vincent Cabales
Vincent Angel Cabales Junior and Tikishia Tyrine Willard
Master Stanley Wells
Guru Eddie Garcia
Guru Benjamin Pagtanac
Serrada Training in Real Life Situations
Cabales Serrada and Leverage
Black Belt Hall of Fame 1991
Cabales Serrada Escrima Ranking System
Filipino Martial Arts Digest is published and distributed
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The ideas and opinions expressed in this digest are those of the authors or instructors
being interviewed and are not necessarily the views of the publisher or editor.
We solicit comments and/or suggestions. Articles are also welcome.
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result from following the instructions contained in the digest. Before embarking on any of
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From the Publishers Desk

Grandmaster Angel Cabales was a legend. He is noted as being the first ever to
teach Escrima publicly in the United States and is known as The Father of Escrima in
America. He founded the first Filipino School of Self Defense in the United States in
Upon his passing in 1991, it seems people came out of the woodwork to promote
Serrada Escrima. Some practitioners with good intentions, with nothing to gain but, only
wanting to help pass on the teachings of Grandmaster Cabales. While others well, lets
say promoting themselves with the association of the legend Grandmaster Cabales.
This Special Edition was put together to let you the reader know what the Cabales
family has been doing and get their thoughts. With the help of Mr. Patrick Armijo the
FMAdigest was able to get an interview with Grandmaster Vincent Cabales the son of
Grandmaster Angel Cabales. Grandmaster Vincent Cabales was very honest and up front
with the questions put to him. The FMAdigest thinks that it is time to hear what he has to
Also a thank you has to go to Guro Dennis Servaes for the help he has given and
the many pictures he supplied for this Special Edition. Both Mr. Patrick Armijo and Guro
Dennis Servaes were instrumental in gathering and assisting in putting this issue together.
And let us not forget, Guro Michael A. Trimble, Guro Ben Pagtanac, and Guro Eddie
Garcia who also assisted. All dedicated practitioners of Serrada Escrima.
There are other dedicated practitioners of Serrada Escrima and it is practitioners
and students such as these that help carry on the teaching of the art.
So it is hoped that this Special Edition will be of interest and that some realization
and thought will come to mind, on what has happened or what could happen, not only in
Serrada Escrima, but many other Filipino martial art styles/systems once the originator,
or the father of the art passes on.
Maraming Salamat Po

Cabales Serrada Escrima

Angel Cabales
The Father of Escrima in America
By Guro Dennis Servaes

The Philippine Martial Arts are a mixture of martial

arts from different cultures. The Chinese Ming Dynasty,
after 1409 brought a tremendous amount of Chinese culture
and also some martial arts influence to the Philippines.
Chinese trade routes existed in the 9th century A. D., and
even back to 6,000 BCE, Taiwan fishermen were known to
have arrived in the archipelago. Kun Tao is a martial art with
origins mainly from Chinese Pakua- Zen, Hsing-I, Tai Chi
Chuan, and Chuan fa also with Indonesian Silat absorbed
into Kun Tao systems. Silat is from Indonesia with East
Indian influences. Fourteenth Century Muslims brought the
Islamic sword or Kris to the Philippines. When the Spanish
arrived they recognized the Islamic (Arabian) sword as the
sword of the Moors that invaded the Iberian Peninsula, so they called anyone in the
Philippines Moros if they had in their possession a kris. Kuntao and Silat are practiced in
the Southern Philippines.
Predating the 5th Century A.D., Martial Arts existed in the Philippines with the
base name of Kali. It was in fact one of these arts that Lapu Lapu learned as a family art.
The name to the Mother Art was Tjakalile. The Sri Vishaya Empire (of Indian origin)
ruled Malaysia, Sumatra, Indonesia, Borneo and all of the Philippine Islands.
There are hundreds of recognized styles in the seven thousand some islands of the
Philippines however The Martial Arts World often refers to the Filipino martial arts by
one of three general terms. The Northern Islands practice mainly Arnis Systems. The
Central Islands practice different Escrima Systems and the martial arts of the Southern
Islands have been referred to as Kali by much of the martial arts community, although
the martial arts practiced in the Southern Philippines are mainly Silat, and Kuntao. It is
believed the word Kali became popular in the U.S. because the Villabrille Kali System of
Hawaii, who chose to call their art something easier to pronounce than a word like
During the 12th Century A.D. the Madjapahit Empire of Java, fought the Sri
Vishaya, claiming the Southern Islands. The Sri Visayans held onto the central islands
now referred to as the Visayan Islands.
It is a belief that the Kris has influenced the development of most Filipino Martial
Arts, but particularly in the Southern Philippines. During the 14th and 15th centuries
Arab Muslims, established Islamic colonies throughout the islands of the Southern
Philippines especially Sulu and Mindanao.
The papal bull once enforced gave Spanish dominance over what Portugal had
made claim to almost fifty years earlier. Both the Portuguese and the Spanish used a short
sword and dagger. This style of fighting, which they brought from the Iberian Peninsula,
is known as Espada Y Daga, which means sword and dagger. Espada Y Daga is the basis
for an Escrima Martial Art that existed on the Island of Cebu, and was practiced in hiding

by the Moros. Felicisimo Dizon studied from a hermit whose name is not known. He was
simply known as the Hermit. Felicisimo Dizon became one of the best fighters the
world will ever see. Angel Cabales learned from Dizon and other Escrimadors in the
Visayan Islands. Dizon was Angels mentor.
Felicisimo Dizon trained Grandmaster Angel Cabales, and the art then was only
called Escrima. It had 56 angles of attack, but Angel simplified the learning process by
breaking the 56 angles down to 12 basic angles of attack. Many of the 56 angles were
redundant. In other words there were six ways to do a one. There were several ways to
do a number two strike etc. Angel was in live skirmishes where he learned to refine his
system from what worked best. Then to rank the students it was easy- angle one was level
one, angle two is level two etc. up to angle twelve. Advanced training is instructor level
and starts sometime after level twelve. The intermediate drills must be well learned
before beginning the Advanced Level.
There are over 350 basic hand techniques in the Advanced Degree Training. Then
Master training follows the Advanced Training. That is where you learn to counter
everything you learned before, and to counter being countered. The movement of
Serradas single arm-length-stick translates to bladed weapons and empty hand fighting
skills. Many of the hand-techniques are similar to the stick techniques and some resemble
Wing Chun Kung Fu, and Small Circle Jujitsu. A Serrada practitioner can fight with or
without weapons and can also use his or her environment effectively as needed. Serrada
is more than a stick fighting martial art.
Grandmaster Angel Cabales, being the first ever to
teach Escrima publicly in the United States is known as The
Father of Escrima in America. He founded the first Filipino
School of Self Defense in the United States in 1966. In 1968
Nick Edar commented that it was a close style. Cerado or
Serrada means close or to close. He chose the name Serrada to
differentiate his style from the other styles of Escrima. Master
Dentoy Revillar was also there at the time.
Grandmaster Angel Cabales appeared in the motion
picture Tigers Revenge in which Grandmaster Angel
Cabales and Leo Fong demonstrate a glimpse of Escrima. In
1991, Angel was awarded the Black Belt Hall of Fame
Weapons Instructor of the Year Award. And in 1999 Grandmaster Angel Cabales, was
honored with a Lifelong Achievement Memorial Escrima Award, by the United States
Kali Association Filipino Martial Arts Hall of Fame.
Danny Inosanto studied Serrada Escrima from Angel Cabales and used to credit
Angel for most of his Filipino martial arts foundation. From 1964 until 1973 Bruce Lee
and Danny Inosanto worked together utilizing 26 methods of martial arts to form Jeet
Kune Do (the Philosophy of the Intercepting Fist). One of the methods was Escrima.
Guro Jeff Finder studied Cabales Serrada Escrima, and in 1989 won a 1st place
trophy in a Stick Fighting Championship held in the Philippines. Leo Fong, movie star
and Kung Fu Master also studied from Angel Cabales. Graciela Cassilas - Boggs, started
training in Serrada in 1987. Graciela is a champion kick boxer and claims Serrada
enhances her martial arts and boxing skills. Some other notable martial artists that have

studied from Angel Cabales are: Dentoy Revillar, Jimmy Tacosa, Rene Latosa, Mike
Inay, Richard Bustillo, Master Stanley Wells and Hanshi Bruce Juchnik.
Serrada is a martial art anyone can train at. Physical Therapists encourage anyone
to exercise if possible after serious injuries to recover, and Serrada is a system of selfdefense that is not strenuous on the body. It was therapeutic to me when I had to quit
doing other martial arts on account of a serious neck and back injury. Years ago an old
Mexican man said to me, The Martial Art I would study, is the one that will keep me
alive, and makes me able to live a long life. - That would be true self defense. Some of
the old Escrimadors have lived active lives, working and fathering children in their
seventies and beyond. You often hear of the old Chinese also living long lives from
performing Tai Chi Chuan outdoors regularly someone brought it to my attention that
orchestra leaders often live to be quite old also. What these three have in common is
moving the hands and I would say the breathing that goes with it. Endorphins are just one
of these mystical ingredients of health and longevity. You feel good after a Serrada class,
and benefited from the work out. One factor in longevity overlooked by most people is a
Bible promise to honor your parents and you may live a longer life, and I have noticed
that countries where most people respect the older people tend to have a longer average
It is also noticed that most people tend to combine whatever martial arts they
study to what they consider to be the betterment of the arts. The training methods of
Cabales Serrada Escrima have a purpose. The basics performed correctly, contain
concepts that should not be changed. After, combining other martial arts to Serrada,
people that dont understand the concepts tend to weaken their repertoire, and should not
continue to refer to it as Serrada once they have corrupted it.
The Late Great Grandmaster Angel
Cabales, in 1990, the year before he died,
appointed his son Vincent Cabales to take
over as Grandmaster. Grandmaster
Vincent Cabales has been appointed as
Senior Advisor in the Filipino Martial Arts
Collective Society. July 5th. 1999
Grandmaster Vincent A. Cabales was,
inducted into the Filipino Martial Arts
Hall Of Fame and honored as the
Outstanding Grandmaster Instructor of
The Year by the United States Kali
Association Filipino Martial Arts Hall of
Vincent Cabales Sr. attacks with a number one
strike as his father Grandmaster Angel Cabales
In Cabales Serrada Escrima, both
demonstrates a Crossblock. This is at Angel's
the Advanced and Master Instructors teach
home at Cotton Ct. Stockton, CA.
and promote only with permission from
the Grandmaster, according to the agreement on their diplomas. Grandmaster Vincent
Cabales is the only person qualified to promote students to the levels of Advanced
Degree and Masters Degree in Cabales Serrada Escrima.

See: Looking For The Pre-Hispanic Filipino by William Henry Scott, pages 34-35.
See: Asian Fighting Arts by Don F. Draeger & Robert Smith.
From a conversation between Cecil B. Quirino, and the author, on October 2, 1994, in Stockton,
The movie Tigers Revenge, no longer is called by that name, it is now Enforcer From Death Row by
Leo Fong.
See: Filipino Martial Arts by Danny Inosanto.

Grandmaster Vincent Angel Cabales

Grandmaster Vincent Angel Cabales was born on April 30th, 1954. He started
training with his father at the age of 8 years old. Grandmaster Vincent Cabales started
doing demonstrations with his father when he was 14 years old and started teaching when
he was 16 years of age. Grandmaster Angel Cabales started teaching escrima at his
apartment in 1966. In 1968 the school moved to Gong Lees Restaurant on Harding Way
and is still there and operating to this present day. Classes are given on Mondays and
Wednesdays from 7:00 pm to 9:30 pm.

Interview with Grandmaster Vincent Cabales

December 7, 2005
FMAdigest with the assistance of Patrick Armijo

In talking to Grandmaster Vincent Cabales it is noted

that he is a quiet humble person. However he is upfront, to
the point and honest when he speaks. In the past it was
rumored that Vincent Cabales learned escrima after his dad
Grandmaster Angel Cabales passed away. Well this is untrue,
lets take a look back to the 70s when his father would do
some demonstrations and have his son Vincent with him in
the demonstration. There are photos to show he did do
demonstrations with his father, and you have to give pause
and think. If Vincent did not know the art, I am sure that his
father would not have done demonstrations in front of crowds
with him.
There are a lot of practitioners that claim to be
carrying on the art of Serrada Escrima in Grandmaster Angel Cabales name. Or they are
the inheritor of the art etc. Well the FMAdigest wanted to go to the
source, Grandmaster Angel Cabales son and find out what is going
on with Cables Serrada Escrima.
So with that said, the FMAdigest is honored and very happy
that you have consented to discuss the Cabales Serrada System,
your father and what is truly behind what is going on these days
with you and the system.

Q - How long did your father train with his teacher Felicisimo Dizon?
VC - He trained with Dizon around 5 or 6 years.
Q - What was it like to grow up with your father Grandmaster Angel Cabales?
VC - I have been asked that several times. How is it to grow up with a legend? I dont
know he was my dad. Ever since I was 8 years old in 1962, we were doing escrima it was
just part of my life. It was an honor being his son and learning from him, but he was my
dad. When I was young I really didnt realize anything about a legend and really didnt
think about it. He was just my dad.
-- There is a Master list that has been going around. And as the story is told Grandmaster
Angel Cabales was ill and needed money. So he would get people to pay up-front for all
their training and give them the certificate right then. He expected them to then complete
their training as what good is a piece of paper. Turned out that some only wanted the
paper. And some never actually completed their training. -Q - Can you give some insight on this?
VC - If they were able to pay he would give them their certificate, but tell them they still
had to train to learn. A lot of guys didnt finish their training; they just got their degree
and went on their way.
Q - And if this is what happened, can you give the names of the people that really did not
earn the degree?
VC - According to a few people that I have talked too, Khalid Kahn admitted to not
finishing his training. He didnt get all the hand techniques that he should have, including
some other areas of the art so he could complete his masters training, although he did
want to come back and work with me to complete his training. Darren Tibon he only had
a few years of working out under my dad and at that time, it was off and on. My dad did
keep records of him on the days he did workout and train and he only worked out a few
months and there were breaks between his training like 5 or 6 months at a time and then
my dad passed away. And according to Frank Rillamas one of my dads instructors that
has a masters degree, that Darren had come to him and had learned some of his masters
training. And according to Frank the only thing that Darren knew was the basics. And
there are a few other people that also have honestly admitted not getting their full training
for their masters degree. Some just got busy in their lives with family, work etc, which
slowed down their training.
-- Since your father passed away, it seems things are either getting out of hand on
claims of prestige or just using your fathers name to better their images as a practitioner.
So what I would like to do is bring up a few names and if you would, comment on what
you know or what is really going on at this time with that person and Cabales Serrada.
First lets discuss Mark Wiley since he has published quite a few things on
Grandmaster Angel Cabales and the Serrada System. Such as his book Filipino Martial
Culture where he talks about your father and the system with various other systems.
The Secrets of Cabales Serrada Escrima, and another book he put out Filipino
Martial Arts - Cabales Serrada Escrima where in this particular book the forward it
states in the words of your father Grandmaster Angel Cabales Founder, Cabales Serrada

Escrima, quote - For many years I have received proposals from people for writings a
book on my style of Escrima. I had turned down all of these offers, feeling uneasy with
the idea of my art being available in pictures for anyone to see. However, with the spread
of my art as it is going, and my inability to preserve it everywhere, I find it time to
document Cabales Serrada Escrima. I have chosen Mark Wiley, one of my few chosen
master instructors, to present my work. I highly recommend this and every book in
Marks collection to anybody who seeks the ultimate, complete documented knowledge of
an art. Mark Wiley is, in my opinion, an honest and humble person and a true master in
every sense. Pg13 -Q - Did Mark Wiley have your fathers consent?
VC - Not that I am aware of. And that does not sound like my dad, the way he writes or
even talks. My dad did not have a college degree and that sounds more like someone that
has a little bit more of an education than my dad had. My dad talked broken English and
so forth. Plus at the time after my dad passed away Mark Wiley called me at home and
said he had a lot of stuff about my dad and wanted to do a book, which I said ok go ahead
and do it. But let me see it before you put it out. And he had never let me see the book
after he had written it he just had it published. And after a couple years that was about it.
I do not know what happened, he never sent a transcript or anything, did not get an ok
from me to do anything with the book. I did tell Mark that if he wanted to send me some
money on the book some of the proceeds, I told him not to send it to me. Just send a
check to my dads wife Tess, and younger brother and sister, Gelmar and Marygil. And
that never happened either. Also some of the information in the book is not correct, like
the list of the masters, I am number one and my brother Johnny Cabales is number two,
and he has it listed my brother first and then me. And in the book he has it that my dad
had told him the list of the masters, which he did not, for Frank Rillamas, was doing the
numbering and calligraphy on the certificates and he asked him about the list. And Frank
told him that my brother was number one, because he thought my brother was older. I
asked Frank what was going on and Frank did not know that I was the eldest and number
one. When Frank started doing the calligraphy he started on number five, and that is
why the first four are not in sequence. And there is some other information in the book
that is not correct.
Q - How was Mark Wiley as a practitioner with your father?
VC - I really do not know, I use to ask Mark to workout, but he never wanted to workout.
So I dont know how good he is. When my dad was sick he asked me to go and workout
with Wiley to try and finish some of his training, but at the time I was just starting a new
job so could not go, but my dad asked some of the other guys which he told me, but they
were not able to go either. So my dad had told me that Darren asked him if he would send
him. I asked my dad why would you send Darren? Darren has just started himself. My
dad replied, he asked me and he is a little more advanced than Wiley. And that would
bring up another topic about trust with Darren and my dad, for when Darren came back
from training with Wiley he demanded to keep the money that Mark had given him to
give to my dad for his training. Darren returning from Washington and said, I trained
him so I should keep the money. Now I got this from Rey Tap, for Rey went to my
dads house and worked out for his masters training and my dad had asked Tap to take

him to the store. This is unusual for my dad for he drives himself to the store, in fact he
would drive you. Anyway on the way to the store my dad was shaking and Tap said he
was almost in tears and was very upset, saying, god-damn Darren this and that and said
Darren had demanded the money. And Tap asked what? What money? My dad replied he
demanded to keep the money when he goes and works out with Wiley. I said to him he
asked me to go, and he comes back and demands the money. Because he said hes the
one who trained him.
Q - How is Mark Wiley supporting you and the Serrada system at this time?
VC - I do not know, I do not think he is supporting the system at all. If you really read
the book, there is a lot of political saying in the book. I asked him about changing some
of the stuff, but he refuses to change anything.
Q - Like what things?
VC - The list and he put in there that my dad had asked Darren and Jerry Preciado to take
over the school for him, instead of me. And they said no, we think you should let Vincent
do it. My son Junior asked Darren about it himself and Darrens response was what do I
care what he writes as long as it is good about me. Another error in the book, like the
spelling in the masters list of Jaime Cabrera when it is actually J.C. Cabiero.
-- Another name that comes up is Michael Davis. In FMAdigest Volume 1 No 1 we
had an article by Professor Madeline, which said that Guro Mike Davis studied privately
under Grandmaster Angel Cabales in the Filipino Martial Art of Cabales Serrada System
of Eskrima from 1988 -1991. He has also studied with many of Angel Cabales' senior
students at that time. Grandmaster Angel Cabales awarded Mike Davis the rank of
Second Degree, Dalawang Grado and title of Pangalawang Guro, (2nd. Degree
Advanced Guro) Advanced Teacher on July 02, 1990. Diploma number: Fifty-Five. He
continues to train in Cabales Serrada Eskrima and teaches others what he has learned in
the traditional way. -Q - Guro Mike Davis talked highly of your father and through the article it seems he got
close to your father as a student. Can you tell a little about this and what Guro Davis is
doing with Serrada at the present?
VC - I tried to bring Mike Davis down to workout with us and several of my students
talked to him, like Stanley Wells and a few others. They had wanted him to come down,
but he has not come to workout with us yet and that has been years. So I do not know. He
has started a couple associations I guess. But I have never been able to talk to him. I have
seen him a couple times.
Q - Also Professor Madeline who wrote the article, trained privately with Guro Michael
G. Davis and has a website that promotes Guro Davis and the Serrada System. Has she
been in contact with you and is she promoting the Serrada system?
VC - No, she has not been in touch with me. She came down and worked out with Darren
Tibon and got a certificate, I understand and didnt even come by the school, when she
was in Stockton. So I guess she is avoiding us here.

Q - Rene Latosa of Latosa Escrima, Grandmaster Angel Cabales was one of Rene's first
instructors, part of his legacy and influence will continue to live on in the Escrima
Concepts System developed by Latosa. Rene Latosa has said many good things about
your father. Are you talking with him?
VC - No, I have not talked with him. I understand he was in Germany working out with
some Wing Tsun guy and that he has a few videotapes out. But other than that the last
time I have seen him was when my dad passed away.
-- On Jimmy Tacosa of the Tacosa Cadena Eskrima who owns and operates the
Pacific Eskrima Academy Hawaii. He states that after a 15 year tenure under
Grandmaster Angel Cabales, Guro Tacosa was awarded a Masters Diploma and
Certificate in Serrada Eskrima and was asked to pass the art onto a new generation.
Master Tacosa is recognized as one of the foremost exponents of Serrada Eskrima in the
world. -Q - With this said, what can you tell us about Jimmy Tacosa and your father?
VC - I have been around the school and worked out with Jimmy when he was around and
my dad has always treated everybody and all instructors all the same. I dont know about
him being the special man.
Q - Has he been in contact with you and helping you with the promotion of Serrada?
VC - No. About 6 or 7 years ago he came in and said he was going to do a book. But I
dont think I have ever seen a book come out. Thats about it. He has never tried to do
anything for me, but I have never done anything for him either. When I did a seminar in
Germany I worked out with some guys out of his group, other than that nothing much.
-- On the book that was printed in a limited number I understand, and is very
hard to get at this time, The Pure Art of Cabales Serrada Escrima by J.C. Cabiero and
Gary Vatcher, Ph.D.
Q - J.C. Cabiero was a student of your father and what was his relationship as a student?
VC - I remember J.C. coming down right before he went into the military. He would
come down and workout. Just another student, I dont know about being a personal
friend. Everybody was pretty close to my dad at that time. Everybody was like a family,
even today the school is like a family, its not like a Karate school where everyone is
wearing a uniform we are all individuals. We
come in wearing our own clothes, jeans, shirt,
etc, what ever is comfortable. Were just like a
Q - Have you seen this book that he has put
out and what are your thoughts on it?
VC - No I have not seen it, or heard about it.
Think I saw a video he had some years ago. It
was ok, the basic techniques were pretty good,
but some of the footwork was different from

what I have ever seen.

-- On the subject of Grandmaster Anthony Davis, it is said that he was a personal
student and partner of the Great Grandmaster Angel Cabales in the International
Kali/Escrima Association. He is also the founder of the Davis/Cabales Serrada Escrima
As one of Great Grandmaster Cabales' personal students he was left with a
charge to ensure that the ancient Filipino fighting art of Serrada Escrima be shared with
as many Martial Artist as possible. This has become his life's work, to pass on the
knowledge and techniques of the Great Grandmaster Angel Cabales. -Q - What is your relationship with Grandmaster Davis, and what do you know of your
father and Grandmaster Davis forming a partnership and forming the International
Kali/Escrima Association?
VC - My dad to my knowledge never formed an association with Anthony Davis. My dad
wanted to start an association called The Cabales Serrada Escrima Association. I do not
have a relationship with Anthony Davis. One time when we put on a demonstration for
him in Galt, CA (my dad and myself), back in the early 80s, Anthony was only on level
3. He put out an article that he was my dads business partner and head instructor. I do
not know what system Anthony Davis is a Grandmaster of I just would appreciate, it is he
would leave the Cabales name out of it.
Q - Grandmaster Davis holds a Commemoration for your father each year around when
your father passed away; do you attend this event each year?
VC - No, I have not been invited and do not recall being at one.
Q - With you and Grandmaster Davis living in close proximity to each other, do you get
together for the promotion of Cabales Serrada Escrima?
VC - I have been told that he was trying to get in touch with me, but he hasnt. I am not
hard to find. I have been in the same building that my dad taught classes in, since a year
before my dad passed away. My dad started teaching at this location in 1968. We still
teach classes at this same school. Our classes are Mondays and Wednesdays. My phone
number has been the same for 10 years. And so it has not been too hard to get in touch
with me. My phone number has been in various articles and so forth. But I do not
remember Anthony contacting me about any of the events he has had.
Q - There is a group which has a website Angels Disciples, are these practitioners part
of your group in promoting Serrada and your father?
VC - No it isnt, that is Darren Tibons group and his naming them Disciples. How can
they be disciples of my dad when none of them even worked out with my dad except for
Darren? And Gabriel Asuncion was Darrens first instructor in Serrada. My dad wanted
twelve disciples and he named a few of them to me a year before he passed away. Darren
wasnt one of them. So he is just calling himself that so I think it is kind a selfish.
Q - Of the students that learned under your father, who is still with you helping to
promote the Serrada system?

VC - Gabriel Asuncion, Stanley Wells, Tony Teixeria, Art Miraflor, Carlito Banjoc,
Richard Mendoza, Frank Rillamas, Ray Tap and Ron Saturno. I have done some seminars
with Carlito Bonjoc and the Bahala Na group. There is another student of my dads
named Valdo (I cant recall his last name). These are about the only ones that have been
active around Stockton.
Q - At this time what students do you have that are up and coming and promoting you
and the Serrada system?
VC - Ben Pagtanac runs the school in Vallejo, CA, and Patrick Armijo is my
representative up in Northern Washington and Canada. Bobby Laird is in Seattle and he
has down south to northern Oregon; Mike Tremble is in the southern part of Oregon and
represents the northern part of California. Also Gabriel Asuncion Stockton, CA., Eddie
Garcia Stockton, CA., Dennis Servaes, Stanley Wells Stockton, CA., Armando Visperas,
Freemont, Ca. and my son Junior (Vincent Cabales Jr.). Also the rest of the students here
in Stockton, and not to forget Marco in Germany and his group. Of course Tiki and
Ronnie Willard in NASA Bay, Houston, Texas who just moved there and once settled,
they want to get a school established. (Tiki is Vincents daughter).
Q - I understand that you are planning to make a trip to the Philippines? And can you tell
us the reason and what you want to accomplish while in the Philippines?
VC - Yes. Right now one of my private students, Mr. Powers is a movie producer and he
is going to send me to the Philippines to my dads barrio to take some pictures for a
documentary on Serrada Escrima next year (2006), once he completes the project he is
currently working on.
Q - It has been said that you are working on putting together a training film set,
organization infrastructure and expansion. Can you tell us something about this?
VC - Thats what I am trying to do is get more schools in the Bay area, the film project,
and trying to get back to Germany to try and set up some things with them. And of course
seminars and tournaments. Trying to get a little better infra structure, open a few more
schools and actually run things like a business. We have already started to produce a
training film series but need to polish it up a little more before we release it.
Q - Are you available for seminars?
VC - Yes most anytime. A few places I
have done seminars are, Germany, South
Carolina, Bellingham, Washington,
Ashland, Oregon, San Diego, Los
Angeles, Roseville, Escondido and
Sacramento, CA.
Q - Your website has been down for a
while. Do you have an idea when it will
be back online for people to visit and
learn about the Cabales Serrada

VC - My daughter is trying to get the website together and back up. However just
moving to Texas, she and her husband are just getting settled in. They will get the
website set up soon. - www.cabales.com
Q - When and where do you teach and how can people contact you if they would like to
learn the Cabales Serrada System?
VC - I teach on Mondays and Wednesdays from 7 to 9:30 pm. The school is located at
136 E Harding Way, Stockton, CA. 95204. My number is (209) 598-2384
Q - Do you have anything you would like to convey to the readers?
VC - Martial Arts Attitude. One should have the ability to conduct themselves with
humility, integrity and honor. Not to be money hungry, boastful or envious of others. It is
too bad that a few of my dads former students want to dishonor my dads legacy that he
wanted to leave behind and start their own version of Serrada. This is the Cabales Serrada
System. When I am gone a Cabales family member will inherit the only system my father
As I said at the beginning of the interview it is an honor to have this interview
with you and to find out your feelings, thoughts, and insights on the Cabales Serrada
For information regarding, Seminars or Escrima Tournaments contact:
Grandmaster Vincent Angel Cabales.
P. O. Box 692893
Stockton, California 95207
(209) 598 2384
For Training in the Cabales Serrada Escrima System
Mondays and Wednesdays
7 to 9:30 pm.
136 E Harding Way
Stockton, CA. 95204
(209) 598 2384

Serrada Stockton Group

Vincent Angel Cabales Junior and Tikishia Tyrine Willard

Grandmaster Vincent Cabales has three children. Two of the children are actively
training in the family art of Cabales Serrada Escrima. These children are Vincent Angel
Cabales Junior (Junior, age 33), and Tikishia Tyrine Willard (Tiki, age 28).
Junior got his advanced degree on March 23, 1993 and earned his Masters degree
on November 8, 1995. Tiki received her advanced degree on January 8, 1998 and earned
her masters degree on January 8, 2002. Tikis husband James Willard (Ronnie)
received his advanced degree on March 10th, 2002.
Junior currently trains and teaches at the
Harding Way School with his father. Tiki and Ronnie
have recently moved to NASA Bay, Texas. They plan
to open a school as soon as they settle into their new

Tikishia Tyrine Willard

When Tiki was coming up through the ranks
she liked to spar. When she was in her third month of
training, she fought, in a tournament, against a male
opponent that was 27 years of age and easily defeated
him. In 1998, Tiki gave private instruction and she
was known as an excellent instructor, well disciplined
in Serrada. She is very proud of her father and the
Cabales family lineage.
Tiki with husband Ronnie

Vincent Angel Cabales Jr.

Vincent Angel Cabales Junior was born on November
8, 1972 and started training when he was six years old. Junior
is now 33 years old and has not had any other martial arts
training besides his family art of Cabales Serrada Escrima.
When Junior was in the 3rd grade at Van Buren Elementary
School, in Stockton, California, he noticed some schoolyard
bullies picking on another kid. Junior went to assist his
classmate. There were four assailants from the 6th grade.
Junior sprang into action and after the dust settled the bullies
where sorry. The teachers quickly rounded up the group and
took everyone to the principals office.

The school called his dad and when Vincent Cabales Senior showed up, he was
told that Junior was using that Filipino martial art stuff. Vincent Cabales Senior was
perplexed to find that Junior seemed to be in the most trouble because all of the other
boys were so much bigger and they had started the fight by picking on another kid. Junior
was learning Serrada from both his father and grandfather (Grand master Angel Cabales).
Juniors dad would teach him moves and Angel would check on his progress.
Angel was proud of his grandsons abilities. When Junior was a little kid he would go to
the classes and he would work out with the other students like Carlito Banjoc, Wade
Williams, Gabriel Asuncion, Tony Teixeria, Kimbal Joyce, Stanley Wells, Richard
Mendoza, Jimmy Tacosa and, Frank Rillamas.
When Junior was eight years old he started doing demonstrations and seminars
with his father and grandfather at the Filipino festivals and the Civic Auditorium, in
Stockton, California.
Junior was an instructor at the age of eleven and he taught the kids class. When
Grand Master Angel Cabales died, Junior was 19 years old. He had already been offered
his advanced degree and masters degree, but would not accept them. Vincent Cabales
Senior wanted Junior to have the degrees with Angles signature on them. That did not
happen because Angel died so suddenly. Junior got his advanced degree on March 23rd,
1993 and earned his Masters degree on November 8th, 1995.
Junior has been an active instructor and had his own school in Modesto,
California. That school is now closed and he currently trains with his father in Stockton.
Junior has assisted his father at many seminars and continues to enjoy the art of Cabales
Serrada Escrima.
Vincent Angel Cabales Junior says I would like to see credit where credit is
due, concerning my Grandfather's Serrada Escrima System. Some people have
incorporated techniques into their systems without any regards or recognition to Serrada.

Master Stanley Wells

By Guro Dennis Servaes

Master Stanley Wells talks about Grandmaster Angel Cabales and Serrada
Escrima. Master Wells commenced his training with Max Sarmiento and then as time
passed he continued his training with Grandmaster Angel Cabales in 1975.
GDS - Can you tell us a little bit about your
background and what you do?
MSW - I have a background in boxing. I trained
from different fight trainers before meeting Max
Sarmiento. Max taught Filipino boxing he called
Cadena de Mano. In boxing, I have trained
world-class fighters. Angel and Max worked out
together, and I started learning Serrada Escrima
from Angel.

GDS - It is apparent that being, the Father Of Escrima In America the late and Great
Grandmaster and Founder of the Cabales Serrada Escrima System, Angel Cabales, was
one of the most influential martial artists ever. Can you tell us about the curriculum that
Angel designed for his academy?
MSW - Well, Felicisimo Dizon trained Angel, and the art then was only called
Escrima. It had 56 angles of attack, but Angel simplified the learning process by
breaking the 56 angles down to 12 angles of attack. Many of the 56 angles were
redundant. In other words there were six ways to do a one. There were several ways to
do a number two strike etc. Angel was in live skirmishes, which influenced his
refinement of his system from what worked best. Then to rank the students it was easyangle one was level one, angle two is level two etc. up to angle twelve. Advanced
training is instructor level and starts after completing level twelve and the drills. Then
Master training follows the advanced training. That is where you learn to counter
everything you learned before, and to counter being countered.
GDS - Could you tell us about some of the famous celebrities that have trained from
Grandmaster Angel Cabales?
MSW - Angel wouldnt say anything until later. He would give some people private
lessons where they could get his full attention. So I usually wouldnt see them. Bruce
Lee got a glimpse of Serrada from his student Danny Inosanto. Danny has helped to
popularize the Filipino Martial Arts, but he is not a Master of Serrada. What Danny
learned from Angel gave Danny his foundation in escrima, and it is Escrima, which
enhanced the weaponry of JKD, which goes back to Angel. I believe Grandmaster Angel
Cabales was a genius in putting together Serrada, and is certainly one of the most
influential martial artists of the 20th Century.
GDS -Your analogy of a grandmaster of a system being the root and the system being a
tree may be difficult for some people to understand. Would you please explain?
MSW - If a person can understand that, then I might be able to explain that leaving the
grand master to do your own thing you shouldnt call it Serrada if you short- cut and
violate principles and concepts that are part of Serrada. Even though the techniques were
taken from Serrada, it is something else once the principles and concepts are violated. I
think that when it is no longer Serrada, it shouldnt be called Serrada. In the early
seventies I asked Angel about who would take over when he left us. Angel said, Vincent
and Johnny were the ones trained for that, but it is also a Filipino custom that the firstborn son should be the heir and Vincent is the oldest.
GDS - Can you elaborate on the fact that some of the Masters were allowed to posses
their degree at the start of their master training, but were expected to continue on until
completion of the training?
MSW - Youre right some got their degrees early. They were expected to continue
training five to seven years, but unfortunately Angel passed away. Some got their basic
masters degree, some didnt even do that and then some stayed another five to seven
years to complete their master training.

GDS - So they should have trained from Vincent Cabales, to complete their master
MSW - The later ones yes, but also some of the earlier ones as well to straighten out their
form and correct bad habits that may have developed over the years.
GDS - Your Master Degree in Serrada is number sixteen, is that right?
MSW - Right. I was here in the mid seventies, over ten years before many of the later
masters, and when they bought their degrees number 16 was the one Angel picked out for
me and signed. The claim that the last third of the Masters got more information from
Angel is not true. I was there when Master Jaime Cabiero and Master Jimmy Tacosa were
training and then I was the last person to get a Masters Degree from Angel, and I
continued to train to the end.
By the way, Dentoy Revillar trained before Grandmaster Angel Cabales, started
incorporating master degree diplomas into Serrada, and it would be ludicrous to assume
that Dentoy is not an accomplished master of Serrada.
GDS - Would you discuss the differences in the Serrada, Grandmaster Angel Cabales
practiced, and the Serrada Grandmaster Vincent Cabales Sr. practices?
MSW - Its like deja vu if you close your eyes and train with Vincent now it is as if you
were training with Angel. I have continued training with Grandmaster Vincent Cabales
since he took over the academy.
GDS - So there have been no changes?
MSW - In my opinion, I believe angel taught a certain curriculum to all of us, but his
sons learned more. Years of working out with one another, certain students would be
shown techniques that no one had ever seen before, but Vincent, would know. If anyone
had asked Angel about this he would probably say, Never mind! Angel didnt teach us
wrong! But the way he taught his sons is more desired. In other words a higher system
than his already remarkable system that he taught to the public. It was a privileged to
have been taught both ways.

Guro Eddie Garcia

Eddie Garcia started training
under Grandmaster Vincent Cabales
in April of 1992. He earned his
advanced degree in Cabales Serrada
Escrima on September 19th, 2003.
In December 2000, Eddie
started a career as a correctional
officer for the California State Prison
System where some of the most
notorious and dangerous prisoners in
the United States are incarcerated.
California State prisons have a bloody
reputation, a culture where violence
Dennis Servaes, Grandmaster Vincent Cabales,
and boredom make up life day-byMaster Stanley Wells and Eddie Garcia
day, where gang culture, rape and
silence run deep. California has more condemned inmates, on death row, than any other
prison system in the United States. Guards know that inmates can make a weapon out of
anything and often they do. Cellblocks have names or perhaps warning signs: "Little Viet
Nam", "Death Alley", and "Okay Corral". The prison itself has an appropriate nickname
given to it by inmates: "The Arena".
Eddie has earned a reputation as a person
who uses his head. He has the ability to diffuse
potentially volatile situations and gets along with
people. Eddie used to be a lightweight amateur
boxer. He is a gentleman with skills. His training
has taught him confidence and composure.
He continues to train with Grandmaster Vincent
Cabales. He feels fortunate to live in Stockton where
he has access to such good quality instruction. He
has always been a firm believer in training with the
Eddie Garcia (left)
source. Eddie got into Cabales Serrada Escrima
Thomason (right),
because he was searching for his roots and was
pleased to find that Stockton was a cultural center for the Filipino culture.
Eddie would like people to know that only Grandmaster Vincent Cabales is authorized to
award master degrees. A person with a maters degree is authorized to promote someone
to the advanced degree level in Cabales Serrada Escrima. He feels that there are
fraudulent promotions in Serrada. It takes a minimum of ten to fifteen years to earn a
masters degree.

Guro Benjamin Pagtanac

Ben Pagtanac has studied with
Grandmaster Vincent Cabales for
approximately 14 yrs, learning the necessary
basics involved in the Cabales Serrada
System. He continues his studies in Cabales
Serrada by training, and assisting
Grandmaster Cabales in teaching classes and
traveling assisting Grandmaster Cabales with
Ben Pagtanac completed his advanced
training on February 2, 2002 receiving
his Advanced Degree (#61). He is currently
Guro Ben Pagtanac, Guro Eddie Garcia
receiving their Advanced Degree Diplomas studying to complete his Masters training
which usually take up to 7 yrs to complete.
Prior to his training in the Cabales Serrada system he studied Wing Chun for 8yrs and
Muay Thai for 13 yrs, sometimes studying the two arts at the same time. He currently
opened a school in his home in Vallejo, California where he teaches his students with
Grandmaster Cabales stopping by on several occasions to teach.
The Cabales Serrada helped Ben numerous times in life threatening
situations. Ben works as an undercover police officer, assigned to a Fugitive Recovery
Enforcement Team. He chases down the worst of the worse, cop killers, thugs on the
lamb, etc. An example of a situation where Ben had to put Serrada to use on the job was
when he was assigned to work in plain clothes and to drive an unmarked police
vehicle. Ben and his partner received warrant information on a subject who was living at
a hotel located in an area of the city where a high rate of crime involving narcotics, gang
activity, stabbings and occasional shootings took place.
They arrived at the location, which had a really narrow hallway, rooms with thin
walls and let's not forget the stench of feces and urine with roaches crawling. They
knocked on the door identifying themselves requesting entry. Ben stood near the
doorknob, which was the opening side of the door, and his partner was located on the
opposite side. They stood by listening for the suspect inside and preparing to ram the
door. They heard a voice say, "What do you want? Ben and his partner again identified
themselves and stood by. The door open quickly and the suspect walk out holding an
opened and locked folding knife in his hand with the point facing forwards towards Ben.
His partner repositioned himself to un-holstered his weapon (gun). Ben saw the blade and
held his position because there was no room to back up. Ben didn't have time to pull his
gun out and shoot the suspect so he quickly disarmed the suspect with a Cabales Serrada
Escrima technique, taking the blade and securing it in his hand as he took the suspect into
custody without injury.
Another situation was where Ben was assigned to work as a Sheriff's
Deputy with behavioral problem inmates. Ben heard, on the department radio, a deputy
call for assistance regarding multiple inmates fighting at the booking counter. Ben arrived
and saw 4 inmates separated and resisting deputies. Bens attention went to an inmate
who was approximately 6" 2' and approximately 240 lbs. Ben noted a deputy who was

attempting to subdue the inmate but fail the attempt when the inmate picked him up like a
dumbbell throwing the deputy across the room. Ben then advised the inmate to cooperate
and put his hands behind his back. The suspect of course ignored him, and commenced to
walk towards him. As the inmate approached he pulled his arm back making a fist. The
suspect attempted to deliver a devastating punch. Ben stood his ground, parried the
inmates punch and then took the inmate to the ground. The inmate (whether he wanted
to or not) complied and went to the hospital for his injuries.
Ben Pagtanac has been fortunate to have studied with Grandmaster Vincent
Cabales and is thankful for all of the techniques that were taught to him. For many of the
techniques he has learned through Serrada Escrima have been field-tested in many of his
confrontations with the most violent subjects that he has had to encounter in his line of
work. From his experience and training and in real life threatening situations, Ben
Pagtanac was selected to teach at the Police Academy.
Ben Pagtanac is an instructor of Cabales Serrada Escrima System. He frequently
assists Grandmaster Vincent Cabales (Son of the late Grandmaster Angel Cabales)
instruct at seminars and classes. Ben runs a school at his home in Vallejo, California.
Grandmaster Vincent Cabales comes by frequently to teach. Ben, his students and
Grandmaster Vincent enjoy eating together at their favorite restaurant.
Ben has served in the U.S. Armed Forces assigned to a specialized unit,
conducting operations overseas. He served as a training instructor for Field Combat
Operations, Air Assault & Hostage Rescue. He has worked as a Federal Police Officer
and a Sheriff's Deputy. He is now currently employed at a major city working as a Police
Officer assigned as an Intelligence Officer, Gang Taskforce Member, in a Fugitive
Recovery Enforcement Team. Ben is a Defensive Tactics Instructor for the Police
Academy and is a Philippine Metropolitan police exchange instructor (Teaching Fellow
Filipino Police Nationals, PNP, NBI).

Serrada Training in Real Life Situations

By Guro Dennis Servaes

I hope these three incidents I am sharing here have some value to the reader. I
dont expect the reader to rely on my opinion on which brand of martial art is the best,
nor do I claim or infer that being involved in knife fights gives me any expertise on knife
fighting. I know the intelligent readers will want to find out and ask questions though.
A left hand shoves my chest backwards and I
fall against a chair and the kitchen table, knocking the
kitchen table and chair backwards. The edge of the
kitchen table strikes my oldest Grandson in the throat,
as my already injured back slams over a high chair for
feeding babies, with another Grandson strapped in the
high chair. A right hand plunges the longest serrated
butcher knife in the kitchen straight down at my heart.
If I move out of the way my one-year-old
Grandson will be stabbed to death, but a simple Serrada

move that Grandmaster Vincent Angel Cabales Sr. had showed me two weeks earlier
saved both of our lives. I was on disability at the time for a serious neck and back injury
so it was important that the move be one that requires very little strength. The situation
ended without any further injury to my grandchildren or myself or my violent attacker.
Years before I learned Serrada, at a party a woman picked up a knife and was
about to stab a guy for calling her names. I told her to let go of the knife and give it to
me, and as she was handing the knife over to me the guy tried to get it. I told him to let go
and he refused, so I slammed his wrist in the sink and I could see that he was near more
knives so I slammed his wrist against the counter and he turned his wrist so that the blade
was sideways and the blade edge towards me. So I pressed the blade sideways bending it
around his thumb and it began cutting into the middle of his thumb but he still wouldnt
let go. The blade became more and more slippery and the person that rented the house
told the guy to leave. He was afraid to stop or leave, but after the knife had cut into his
thumb far enough it was easy to convince him to let go. He left. Days later he stole his
fathers or brothers handgun and shot up a bunch of my friends.
Another time a guy freaked out with a bowie knife inside a trailer park. I tried to
get away. I went to the window to jump out and he threatened to kill me. He slashed at
me and I reached out and got my finger cut to the bone. He said something like any fool
that would reach out like that deserves to get cut and started hollering some kind of
strange noise. Then his girlfriend said she hated him and kicked him with cowboy boots
right in the crotch. He grabbed her hair in his left hand and wrapped her hair around and
around his fingers and took the point of the blade scratching her back all up. She said she
hated him and he said, That does it! Im cutting her head off! (Incidentally this was
partially recorded by the police because another woman at the trailer had got me a
bandage and then called 911). When the knife went for the womans throat, I grabbed the
weirdo from behind and pulled his wrist away from her. In the ruckus he got stabbed
numerous times with his own blade. The police were standing right outside the door
The weirdo had at one time trained in Chinese Kung Fu and was also a member of
a motorcycle club and bouncer at a bar. He had also stabbed numerous people and was a
felon with numerous priors for violence.
After he was stabbed the first time he hit me in the throat with the back of his arm
close-lining and tripping me over a bed. The knife was as slippery as a fish and he was
trying to get it to stab me. The police arrested me for attempted murder.
The guy that was renting the trailer made a deal to testify against me in exchange
for dismissing a case against him, and talked his girlfriend into agreeing with him. It was
the same woman that had called 911 and bandaged my hand, but at court she told the
truth, that I had saved the woman from being killed. The judge ruled he didnt know if
she was telling the truth now or before saying that she was an unreliable witness. Her
boyfriend had lied about his name due to warrants yet the judge decided to go ahead and
use his testimony. And the guy that got stabbed said that I didnt attack him. This cost me
thousands of dollars, and jail time and court days and stress. The first day of jury
selection my attorney avoided me until after court closed. He asked me if I felt lucky and
I said, YES. I had refused to make a deal, rather than facing a jury and possible five
years prison time. He said, Well, you should feel lucky, because you just won the case,
they dismissed the case on lack of evidence. I often wonder about the people in prison

and on death row simply because they didnt have enough money or the right attorney,
and may have been the real victims twice.

Cabales Serrada and Leverage

By Guro Michael A. Trimble

Leverage is an integral part of Cabales Serrada. You often hear that leverage is
sometimes said to be anything other than a strike, so one can well imagine the varied
types of leverage. The unifying concept categorically is basically the application of stress
on bone groups and joints to attain an endpoint, i.e., hit, slash, control, injury, flip,
takedown, death, etc.
Even a push to unbalance the opponent is one type of leverage. A few exceptions
to this are those moves in which you wish to get behind the opponent while retaining the
hold, like a hammerlock.
Leverage is predominantly applied
through a pushing action with 90% of leverage
stress being pushes. The use of leverage allows
control relatively easily without a lot of physical
effort. Most leverage is not physically taxing
because it is based on the physical and
mechanical limitations of the body as they apply
to, and obey, the physical laws of the earth
(physics). With proper set-up grip and
positioning, little effort can achieve maximum
benefits or any endpoint so desired. I teach lots
of leverage knowing Kung Fu San Soo and I
was amazed when I started learning Cabales
Serrada from Grand Master Vincent Cabales,
Master Vincent Cabales, Jr.
Sr., in 1998, just how much leverage the art
Guro Michael Trimble,
used. Im aware of numerous similarities
Grandmaster Vincent Cabales, Sr.
between Cabales Serrada and Kung Fu San Soo,
October 14, 2005
like both arts fight out of a natural position and
Kali-San Soo Ranch
the use of leverage, but thats another
A more radical rotational leverage is shoulder leverage either in the form of a
hammerlock or bent L configuration. A hammerlock stresses the upper arm/shoulder
junction, the elbow, and wrists and accompanying musculature with potential multiple
bone breaks, muscle, tendon, cartilage and/or nerve damage. You can also cause your
opponent to break his own shoulder by falling to the ground while the hammerlock is
retained. This rotates the shoulder joint until it cannot bear the falling weight and breaks.
Ninety percent of most martial art systems and styles do no leverage. They only
execute punches, kicks, blocks, etc (impact). Leverage is an intellectual part of martial
arts, which only a few really understand. But in Cabales Serrada and Kung Fu San Soo
you have lots of leverage to utilize.

The Tao of Kinetic Energy and Cabales Serrada

Kinetic energy is the energy of motion, like the striking of a stick or blade in the
deadly Filipino art of Cabales Serrada Escrima. Think about it. Every dynamic body
possesses Kinetic Energy. Power, by definition, is the rate of doing work per unit time.
For practical and applicable purposes of Cabales Serrada Escrima, we can interchange
power and kinetic energy as far as the end results of our actions. Both involve work
(force) against another physical body, with or without a weapon, in the form of collision
or impact. Mathematically, Kinetic energy is expressed as KE=1/2 mv2. Varying mass or
velocity increases KE in different proportions:

Increasing Mass

Increasing Velocity

= 1/2(2) (2)2
= (1) (4)

KE=1/2(m) (v)2
= 1/2(2) (2)2
= (1) (4)

KE=1/2(4) (2)2
= (2) (4)

KE=1/2(2) (4)2
= (1) (16)
= 16

KE=1/2(8) (2)2
= (4) (4)
= 16

KE=1/2(2) (8)2
= (1) (64)
= 64

KE=1/2(16) (2)2
= (8) (4)
= 32

KE=1/2(2) (16)2
= (1) (256)
= 256

As illustrated, when mass is doubled, KE (power) doubles proportionately. This KE is

delivered in the form of heat dissipated and absorbed by the receiving body. When velocity
doubles, power delivered quadruples. Every time velocity doubles, power delivered quadruples.
Every time velocity doubles, kinetic energy increases by one power of ten, making velocity and
power a logarithmic proportion. In short, doubled mass, doubles power and doubled velocity
quadruples power. Energy absorbed at impact is four (4) times greater with doubled velocity,
even with constant mass. Speed over mass is power.

The Kali-San Soo Association teaches Kali as one art and Kung Fu San Soo as
one art. Kali and San Soo do compliment each other very much with instruction, training,
practice and time. Kali enhances what San Soo lacks, i.e., range, distance, angling, flow,
motion education and attacking the stem, just to name a few examples. Kung Fu San Soo
is not a sport, but a fighting technique. It is based on a combination of punches, kicks,
strikes, and blocks done in perfect rhythm, and directed to vital points of the human body.
These techniques can be changed instantly to suit the situation and do not necessarily
follow a set pattern. The utilization of highly scientific principles of physics involving
movement and leverage, as well as intense concentration and controlled breathing, gives

a fighter extreme power. Agility, balance, coordination, humility and respect for one's
fellow man, are also emphasized.
Many of the students love Kali because of the range and distance (Largo Mano) of
the art. If a student likes to fight in engagement range, more inside with contact, etc., then
they prefer San Soo.
Guro Michael A. Trimble, B.S. (73),
NAU, 6th Degree Black Belt, Kung Fu San Soo
has been studying Cabales Serrada Escrima from
Grandmaster Vincent Cabales, Sr., since 1998.
Grandmaster Cabales is the son of the late great
Grandmaster Angel Cabales (1917-1991). Guro
Trimble is the President of the Kali-San Soo
Association which is 17 miles Southeast of
Ashland, Oregon in the Cascade-Siskiyou
National Monument.
If you would like to contact Guro Trimble: Email
The late Kung Fu San Soo
Grandmaster Jimmy H. Woo
and Sifu Michael A. Trimble, 1985,
at Master Al Rubin's Kung Fu San Soo
School in Riverside, California

Black Belt Hall of Fame

Angel Cabales 1991
Weapons Instructor of the Year
Karate has its one-punch knockout. The United
States Marine Corps has its eight-second kill. But
Escrimadors the world over have "three strikes and a man
will fall." And for that, they have Serrada Escrima founder
Angel Cabales to thank.
Born in 1917 in the Philippines, Cabales learned
about stick fighting from escrima Master Felicimo Dizon, a
local hero and member of the famous dos pares escrima
society. At age 18, Cabales moved from his small village to
the lawless seaport of Manila, and continued his training the hard way: in countless death
matches and brawls with the scurvy low lives who prowled the docks after dark. In 1939,
Cabales became a seaman and left the Philippines aboard a cargo ship bound for ports
It was aboard this ship that Cabales fought a man who was intent on destroying
him and in three swings of his escrima sticks, Cabales left the man dead. "Three strikes
and a man will fall" became Cabales' catchphrase and the motto of his students in years to
come. Cabales eventually left the sea and settled in San Francisco, where a good number

of Filipino families had relocated. He later moved inland to Stockton, California, where
he lived for the remainder of his life.
In 1965, Cabales opened the first public Filipino martial arts academy in the
United States. He was continually making changes to the de Cuerdas style; incorporating
techniques he had learned in combat on land and at sea. As he added his own nuances, he
also began a ranking system and added a new name to his style: serrada escrima.
Cabales' greatest contribution to his art was perhaps his standardization of the
system. Besides creating a rank structure, he based the teaching structure around his
style's 12 angles of attack. A student would learn one angle at a time, and be taught
offenses and defenses for that angle, before moving on to the next angle of attack.
Several speed and accuracy drills were also developed for students who had
mastered more than five angles. Cabales also incorporated open-hand self-defense
maneuvers for students with knowledge of ten angles of attack or more. The original de
Cuerdas style had not addressed weaponless self-defense at all. For the next quarter
century, Cabales taught his methods of stick fighting to literally thousands of students.
Martial arts notables such as Dan Inosanto, Richard Bustillo and Graciela Casillas
all came to him for his expertise in the Filipino fighting arts. In 1990, after fighting a
series of battles with pneumonia and lung cancer, and suffering several heart attacks,
Cabales passed away. Black Belt honors this pioneer who brought escrima to the
common martial artist by posthumously naming him the 1991 Weapons instructor of the

Cabales Serrada Escrima Ranking System

By Guro Dennis Servaes

Cabales Serrada Escrima is actually a fencing based system, rather than just a
stick fighting art. When I hear Serrada is only a stick fighting art, I know the person
talking doesnt know what he or she is talking about. Sure we begin our training with
sticks, but the stick training translates to blades and empty hand fighting skills. The
Spanish terms of Espada Y Daga, which means Sword and Dagger, is literally the basis
of Serrada.
Clarification of the ranking order of the Cabales Serrada Escrima System of Self
Defense, and the secret to its Mastery and also some other myths surrounding Serrada.
The Cabales Serrada Escrima Sash Levels:
White Sash
Yellow Sash
Green Sash
10 - 12
Blue Sash
Purple Sash (4 Levels)
Black Sash (7 Levels
Red Sash

Sashes will be worn around the waist to indicate ranking. A sash for Angles 1-3 is
a white sash and is worn with one to three black stripes added for each level of
advancement. This will continue for the yellow, green and blue sashes as well. For
example level ten is a blue sash with a single black stripe.
On the (Intermediate) Purple and (Advanced) Black Sash levels - red stripes will
be worn to indicate their level of training.
On the Master Levels a red sash with black stripes will be worn, and each of the
black stripes on the red sash indicates a decade of training in the art.
In the past the Guros (Instructors) have worn a black t-shirt. Everyone else would
wear a white shirt. At demos or seminars the Grandmaster will wear a red sash with black
stripes, and sometimes-red pants.
Red is not to be worn by anyone that is not of Master Rank. A red headband
indicates the person wearing it has been in combat.
The Grandmaster does not approve the Master diploma until the completion of the
system. Some people that trained with Great Grandmaster Angel Cabales have their
Master Degrees signed by Angel but did not complete the system, much beyond Basic, so
are not true Masters. Angels son the current Grandmaster Vincent Angel Cabales Sr. has
maintained a small class, preferring quality from his students rather than quantity and is
very particular about promoting.
Great Grandmaster Angel Cabales originally refused to show any intermediate or
advanced techniques until the student was completely familiar with his or her basics, so
that they would have a solid foundation. Years later however, he integrated the
intermediate into the basic training to retain students interest in the art.
Originally the basics had 56 angles of attack, but many of the strikes were
somewhat redundant so Angel standardized a curriculum to 12 angles of attack and then
only as many techniques as was necessary to defend against the strikes were required.
That was the basic level and to rank the student Angle One was Level One and Angle
Two was Level Two etc. up to Level Twelve. More techniques would be added to
previous levels as one progressed, for instance while on Level Four, more techniques for
Strike Number Ones may be shown.
In practice a Strike Number One is a straight downwards strike to the left shoulder or
clavicle of the defender, but in combat would probably be to the head and is the most
likely strike you will see in any street fight. To the defender that is Angle One, and he or
she will learn counters to Angle One during Level One.
Strike Number Two is delivered in a whipping downwards strike to the right shoulder.
It is done with the right hand palm up and then retracting the weapon back. That is Angle
Two and Counters will be learned for this angle while on level two.
Strike Number Three is to your left side in a horizontal fashion during training. This is
your Angle Three area, and counters are learned during Level Three Training.
Strike Number Four is initiated with the left dagger hand to your liver area, followed by
a horizontal strike to your right side. This is the deepest cutting strike possible and that is

your Angle Four, and counters for Angle Four are learned during Level Four Training.
Also, some other counters for the previous Angles will also be shown.
Strike Number Five is a central thrust towards your abdomen. That is your Angle Five,
and counters are learned during Level Five Training. Most kicks are either to Angles
Five, Nine, or Eleven.
Strike Number Six is a thrust to your heart. This could be a right hand punch also and
would be considered your Angle Six. Counters for Angle Six are learned during Level
Six Training, and most of the level six techniques are the same as for Angle One.
Strike Number Seven is a right hand palm up thrust to your right lung or liver area,
which is your Angle Number Seven, and is similar to an Angle Two. A left jab can also
be considered your Angle Seven, as it is the Angle of attack that we are learning to
defend. Counters for Angle Seven are learned during Level Seven Training.
Strike Number Eight is a right-handed slash to your throat or a horizontal backfist, and
is very similar to a high Four. That is your Angle Eight, and counters for Angle Eight are
learned during Level Eight Training.
Strike Number Nine is to Your Right leg, which is Angle Nine. A left Round Kick to
the thigh or knee would also be considered Angle Nine. Counters for Angle Nine are
learned during Level Nine Training.
Strike Number Ten is a left dagger to your liver followed by a Right thrust to your
Angle Six. The attacker may step forwards with his left foot to attack. That is your Angle
Ten, and counters for Angle Ten are learned during Level Ten in Training.
Strike Number Eleven is a strike to your Left leg, which is your Angle Eleven, and
counters for Angle Eleven are learned during Level Eleven. Angle Eleven is similar to a
low Angle Three. Round kicks to your left leg are Angle Eleven attacks.
Strike Number Twelve is a two handed reach or thrust or push to your head and or
upper body and that is your Angle Twelve, and counters for Angle Twelve are learned
during Level Twelve Training.
I think most of us might usually think of the Strikes and Angles of Attack as being
almost synonymous with one another since they are both using the same numerical
numbers, but actually number two strikes and nine strikes are struck against the outside
of the weapon hand and eleven and one strikes are struck against the inside of the weapon
hand, as the weapon hand is the primary target, and this applies also to kicks. It is
important to recognize these strikes for what they are in order to counter them regardless
what level a person is on even though it is best to stay in the proper learning sequence of
the curriculum, going through the levels by the numbers.

There are at least thirty-five basic counters just for Angle One, however most
people in Serrada will learn at the most seventeen techniques if that. (I know thirty- five).
After Level Twelve the next level is Purple Sash or Intermediate Level. This is
where picking or the three step drills are perfected. Angel would attack the student at
random and the student would have to defend each strike, and upon the third attack finish
to the hand or wrist area of the teacher.
After the student shows proficiency in the three strikes drill, the student might be
given more strikes added to the drill.
Even though the three strikes drill is considered an intermediate part of training it
is implemented into the basics and is usually begun at Level Eight, and then refined more
at Purple Sash with one stripe. This is actually the thirteenth level, but since there are
only 12 Angles of Attack we do not usually number the higher levels beyond Twelve.
After Level Nine in the basics an intermediate drill known as Lock and Block is
started. This is the heart of the system and is refined at Purple Sash with two stripes,
which is actually Level Fourteen in the system. The student should start out slow and
patiently progress, but by Purple Sash with Two red Stripes more strikes will be added to
lock and block. (Start out fast and progress slow, or start out slow and gradually speed
up, but in a lot less time).
At Level Twelve or often-even sooner the student begins to spar. Strikes Ten and
Twelve are seldom used in sparring so that a student at Level Nine could theoretically
start sparring without much difficulty. At the Purple Sash with three stripes the student
should be good at Sparring. It is good for the student to initiate against a more
experienced practitioner, and to build up confidence, speed and aggression at his or her
own pace by initiating the intensity against senior students.
At Intermediate Purple Sash fourth red stripe (level sixteen) the student perfects
his techniques to ready himself or herself for starting the Advanced Training. From level
one on some empty hand techniques will filter into the students repertoire, but it is here
where those techniques are perfected, as they are actually Intermediate Level Empty
Hand Training.
Upon beginning Advanced Training a Black Sash is worn, and there are actually
seven levels of Advanced Training, which are designated with a Black Sash and Red
Stripes. The seven levels of Advanced training are: teaching, Extensive Serrada Empty
Hand to Hand (with Stick translations), Weapons and Espada Y Daga, Grappling, Knife
training and Empty Hands against Weapons, Sash and Chain Training. The Black Sash is
still worn until final completion of the Master Training.
Advanced Training is where the student learns to teach. This is a meticulous
process that by teaching the instructor learns not only how to teach but it makes the Guro
analyze the system, and understand the mechanics of the system correcting bad habits.
You learn what students tend to have trouble with and how to help them most. There are
many fighters that cannot teach.
Advanced Training, is where the main empty hand stuff is learned. Serrada
empty hand training has aspects similar to Small Circle Jujitsu, Wing Chun Kung Fu,
Military Combatives, Silat and various other martial arts, but has a uniqueness of its own.
What is particularly unique about Serrada is that we have counters for almost every
possible situation. That is the reason for the key and the lock on the diplomas.

Espada Y Daga is practiced at the Black Sash with the third stripe. It is also the
level where one learns Serrada tricks to finish a fight quick. This is simple but high-level
stuff. Later we learn to use a chain against a punch or knife or against other assorted
weapons. We also learn various counters to attacks like a baseball bat swing at our head
etc. Sometimes some of this stuff will be shown early on just after starting the Advanced
training, depending upon the comprehension of the student.
Master Training consists of reversing the basic stick counters, knife counters,
grappling reversals, and also counter - counter or reverse to reverse. The secret to the
mastery of Serrada is practice.
Grandmaster Angel Cabales

Grandmaster Angel & Master Chuck Caddel

Vincent Cabales Sr. and

Grandmaster Angel Cabales
1978 demonstration
Stockton, CA

Grandmaster Vincent Cabales

Master Gabriel Asuncion, Grandmaster Vincent Cabales Sr.,

Guro Tony Teixeira

A Seminar in Germany

Vincent Angel Cabales Jr., Patrick Armijo, his son Ryan,

Grandmaster Vincent Cabales

Guro Carlito Bonjac,

James and Art in the background
and 2 friendly girls

Patrick Armijo
Patrick has been involved in the Filipino Martial Arts
for over 12 years. He has studied Modern Arnis and is the
Pacific Northwest Region Representative for Cabales Serrada
Escrima. 35 years Martial Arts Experience. He instructs at the
Pacific Northwest Karate Center Pat Armijo teaches Arnis/
Kali/Escrima. You are welcome to come join 2 week
of classes for free.
Class Times: Monday and Wednesday 7:00pm to 8:30pm.
Contact: cessna185@msn.com
Website - pnwkaratecenter.com

Approved Serrada Escrima Websites:

Cabales Escrima www.cabales.com
The Home Page Of Guro Dennis Servaes
CSEMT - www.geocities.com/dennisservaes/csemt.html

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