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Bombardier TRAXX family (electric)

TRAXX F140 AC1 : Deutsche Bahn AG Class 185

Power type electric

Builder Bombardier Transportation

Model TRAXX F140 AC


Build date 1996–present

Total production 900 as of 2008

UIC classification Bo'Bo'

Gauge 1435 mm (4 ft 81⁄  in), 1668 mm (5 ft 52⁄  in) (Spain)
2 3
Length [1] [2] [3]

Width [1] [2] [3]


Weight [4] [5] [6]

80t — 85t (84-88t )

Electric system(s) 15 kV/16.7Hz, 25 kV/50Hz, (1.5kV/3kV DC for DC and AC/DC versions)

Top speed [4]

140 km/h (freight versions), 160km/h (passenger versions), 200km/h version also available

Power output [4]

Electric: 5.6MW (4.0MW on 1.5kV supply)
Diesel : 2.2MW

Tractive effort [4]

270-300 kN

Train brakes Knorr brake (Disc brake), electric brakes

Safety systems ETCS ready

Various European systems

Locale Europe

For other uses, see Traxx


The Bombardier TRAXX family of locomotives are a series of mainline locomotives built by Bombardier
Transportation in both freight and passenger variants. Originally built for dual voltage AC; later versions are quad
voltage machines - able to operate on most European electrification schemes : 1.5/3.0 kV DC and 15/25 kV AC ; the
family was expanded to include diesel powered versions in 2006.
The acronym stands for Transnational Railway Applications with eXtreme fleXibility[7] Locomotives were primarily
made for the railways of Germany, with orders coming from other European countries including France,
Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg, Poland and Spain.


In the early 1990s the Deutsche Bahn sought replacements for its electric locomotive fleet - the universal
locomotives DB Class 120 had been successful, and it was planned to build ~1000 of a DB Class 121 based on the
design, as a locomotive suitable for all tasks.
However the railway reform of 1994 (see Deutsche Bahn AG) and the inheritance of over 600 DR Class 243 from
the former Deutsche Reichsbahn meant that no new Class 121 was ever built.[8] The reform of 1994 included the
splitting of the Deutsche Bahn into various business area related companies, with the result that workload specific
locomotives were preferred.
With the electric locomotive fleet aging; especially the DB Class 103, further new electric locomotives were needed.
In the late 1990s the DB Class 101 were procurred from ADtranz (later to become part of Bombardier) as a
replacement for the Class 103. For more general use the DB Class 152 (the Siemens' EuroSprinter) was acquired as
well as the DB Class 145 which can be considered the predecessor of the TRAXX family.[9]

DBAG Class 145 and 146

A prototype vehicle AEG 12X resulted in an order from DB AG for eighty locomotives for medium-weight freight
trains, delivered starting in 1997. In addition 17 identical locomotives were built for lease to private railways. A
further six locomotives were built for the Swiss railway MittelThurgauBahn. Between 2000 and 2001 a development
for passenger trains with hollow shaft final drive replacing the axle hung drive and a higher top speed of 160 km/h
was produced for DB Regio.[3] These locomotives were given the designation DB Class 146.
In 2001 Bombardier bought Adtranz, thus acquiring locomotive building technology. The later TRAXX locomotives
derive from these Adtranz machines - with which they are externally and technologically similar. In Bombardier's
own publications the Adtranz built classes 145 and 146 are described as being part of the TRAXX family.

All TRAXX locomotives are assembled and tested at Bombardier's plant in Kassel Germany, except the DC only
versions which are assembled at Vado Ligure.
The individual components are sourced from a variety of sites:[4]
• Traction and auxiliary converters (inverters) : Bombardier, Mannheim (also in Trapaga Spain for DC versions[10]
• Bogies : Bombardier, Siegen
• Driver cabs : Bombardier Propulsion and Components (PPC) in Henningsdorf
• Locomotives bodies and frames : Bombardier, Wroclaw (Poland)
• Cooling components : Behr GmbH & Co., Stuttgart
• Brakes : Knorr, Munich
• Transformer : ABB Sécheron, Geneva (Switzerland)

• Climate control systems (heating, humidity, etc.) : Liebherr in Korneburg (Austria)

TRAXX dual voltage AC versions

TRAXX F140 AC / P160 AC


TRAXX F140 AC , DB Class 185

Power type Electric

Build date F140 AC / P160 AC : 1999-Jan

TRAXX F140 AC2 :

Total production F140 AC1: 312[11]

P140 AC1: 20
P160 AC1: 42
Total: 377
F140 AC2 : 300+
Grand Total : 677+

Weight [11] [4] [6]

84t (82t )

Electric system(s) 15kV and 25kV AC

Top speed F140 AC / F 140 AC2 : 140km/h

P160 AC : 160km/h
P140 AC (for CFL) : 140km/h

Tractive effort [1] [2]


Power class 5.6MW

The TRAXX F140 AC was first presented in 2000. The units, like the DB Class 145; from which they are a
developed only operate on AC overhead lines. Unlike the Class 145 they can work from both 15kV and 25kV AC
systems. As built they are configured for future ETCS / ERTMS train control and safety systems.[1]
The production of 200 units built between 2001 and 2003 for Deutsche Bahn were classified as DBAG Class 185. A
further 57 units were built for various European leasing companies as Class 185.5
For the railways of Switzerland another 35 units were produced for SBB Cargo (Re482), and 20 units for BLS AG
(Re485). The Swiss locomotives are identical to the German versions except in details such as pantographs (2 more,
with smaller contacts for running in tunnels) and Switzerland specific safety systems in addition to the German

In Luxembourg CFL operates 20 locomotives.

The TRAXX P160 AC is the passenger version of this class, with a correspondingly higher top speed of 160 km/h,
with lower unsprung mass achieved through the use of hollow shaft final drive replacing the axle hung motor
arrangement in the freight version. The bogies and drive unit are the same as used in the DBAG Class 146[3]
In Germany DB Regio acquired 32 units between 2003 and 2005, where they are designated DBAG Class 146.1.
Additionally LVNG (Landesnahverkehrsgesellschaft Niedersachsen mbH, (Hannover) ) has 10 units which are
leased to the railway company metronom (operating as ME146)[13]


In May 2004 Bombardier introduced an improved version of the TRAXX locomotive platform as demonstrator loco
185 561. The unit was fundamentally the same as the F140AC machines, with some minor improvements - cabins
now had a crumple zone to improve crashworthyness, the previously synthetic ester cooled inverters based on GTO
technology were replaced with water cooled inverters with IGBT technology - which is claimed to give an
improvement in efficiency. The locomotives are also built to fit the French loading gauge, making them usable for
work between France and Germany.[14]
The remaining 200 of the 400 freight locomotives ordered for DB Cargo where to be of this type, and the new
versions were given the subclass designation DBAG Class 185.2. Since this large order represented the main body of
production at Bombardiers Kassel plant, any further private orders for the AC locomotives would be included into
the F140AC2 production line - thus the original F140AC type effectively ceased production when the production of
DB Cargo's (by then renamed Railion) Class 185.2 began.
185 561 was the first of the TRAXX F140AC2 machines to be produced; it was produced ahead of the main tranche
of locomotives for homologation of the class in Germany. Another machine 185 568 was used for tests on the then
new HSL-Zuid in 2006, subsequently it was used for tests of the ETCS system. Both were eventually sold for normal
use to private operators.
In Switzerland the locomotives operated by SBB Cargo are designated Re482.2.


Alongside the F140 AC2 locomotives the passenger versions received the same improvements. DB Regio received
47 units between 2005 and 2006; as with the freight version the '.2' subclass was used to distinguish these new
versions - the Deutsche Bahn locomotives being classified as Class 146.2, following on from the Class 146. A
number of smaller orders have been received, including more units for the metronom railway - procurred via LNVG.

Operators and leasing companies

As of 2009 production of the AC2 versions is still ongoing, with the DB Schenker order expected to be completed in
late 2009. Along with German companies the AC locomotives have orders from Scandinavian countries and from
Hungary – where the Hungarian State railways (MÁV) (Magyar Államvasutak) has placed an order for 25 F140 AC2

Type Operator Number Delivery Class Notes


DB Cargo (then 200 2001–2003 DBAG

TRAXX Part of an order of 400, the second batch of 200 were produced as
Railion, inherited by Class 185 [15]
F140 TRAXX F140 AC2 (DBAG Class 185.2) Parts of the class are
[11] DB Schenker) [16]
AC fitted for operations into Switzerland/Austria/France

SBB Cargo 35 2002–2003 Re482

BLS AG 20 2002-2004 Re485 10 ordered by BLS Lötschbergbahn AG, after merger with
2006 Regionalverkerh Mittelland (RM) to form BLS AG; a further 10

CB Rail 3 185 Leasing company, formerly Porterbrook All leased to Veolia Cargo
Deutschland GmbH (formerly Connex

Angel Trains cargo 34 185 Leasing company

MRCE 11 185 Leasing company Some equipped to operate in France

Rail4Chem 8 185

ITL 1 185

TRAXX CFL 20 CFL Class Units for passenger and freight work – top speed of 140 km/h, also
P140 AC 4000 [12]
fitted with the necessary equipment for passenger trains.

TRAXX DB Regio 32 2003–2005 DBAG

P160 AC Class 146.1

LNVG 10 ME146 [13]

Leased to the railway company metronom

TRAXX 199 2004- DBAG

Railion From 185-205 onwards following locomotives were delivered with DB
F140 AC2 Class 185.2 logistics logos, from 185-360 onwards locomotives were delivered in
since Sept. 2007
[18] [18]
DB Schenker DB Schenker livery
185-321 to 185-337 fitted for work in Sweden via Denmark for
subsidiary Railion Denmark

[19] 15 2006 Re482.2

SBB Cargo For operations in Germany, Switzerland and after 9/2006 Austria.
Order included second-hand former Bombardier demonstrator loco

MRCE 11 2005/6 185.2 For use in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

[20] 35+ 2006- 185.2

Angel Trains cargo Leasing company, customers include HGK, CargoNet. Most for work
in Germany–Austria, also Switzerland, Norway, Sweden,

CBRail 16 2007–2009 241 Leasing/finance company. Customers include HGK

[21] 10 2007–2009 241

HectorRail For operations in Sweden, Denmark and Germany. Fleet includes
former ETCS test machine 185-568. Units also leased. 241-004 named

[22] 1 2005 185 ITL 185-562, for use in Germany and Austria

Green Cargo 22 probably Re 16 units for operation between central and northern Sweden, 6 for
2010 operation between Germany and Sweden through Denmark

Others 17 2007- hvle 2 units, Eurocom 2 units for Hungary as Class 481, Beacon Rail
(Orders still ongoing as 12 units for leasing.
of 2009)

TRAXX [23] 47 2005–2006 DB 146.2

DB Regio
P160 AC2
[23] 17 2005/7 ME146/2 Acquired by LVNG for metronom railway company in Germany

4 2006 146.5 Initially acquired for Nord-Ostsee-Bahn, since transferred to Veolia

[23] Deutschland GmbH and used by Regionalbahn Bitterfeld-Berlin
now Veolia
GmbH and others including freight work for Veolia Cargo

TRAXX AC/DC versions

Power type Electric

Build date F140 MS : 2004-

Total production 220+

Weight [4] [24] [25] [6]


Electric system(s) 15kV and 25kV AC, 1.5 and 3kV DC[24]

Top speed F140 MS : 140km/h

Tractive effort [24]


Power class [24] [25]

5.6MW (4.0MW with 1.5kV supply

At the same time as the introduction of demonstrator loco 185 561 for the F140 AC2 class another new type was
introduced: this was the locomotive SBB Re484 001; the first TRAXX unit that could operate under AC and DC
electrified catenaries. As well as the 15/25kV AC supplies the new model also could be operated under 3kV DC
overhead electrification schemes.
Later models also supported a 1.5kV supply. The general type name given by Bombardier was TRAXX F140
MS[24] (MS for Multi-System).
Excluding the different pantographs, and electrical systems for DC operation the F140 MS systems are otherwise
identical to the contemporary dual voltage versions. However under 1.5kV DC the maximum available power is
limited to 4.0MW, although this does not affect the maximum tractive effort, which is limited by other factors. As a
consequence of the additional equipment required, the locomotives weigh approximately 1 tonne or more than their
dual voltage relatives[6] .
The locomotives are designed for cross border operations; the addition of 1.5 and 3kV DC working potentially
allows the locomotives to operate in Poland and Italy. In practice the delivered locomotives were used for work into
Switzerland and Italy, and equipped with either the Italian safety system SCMT or ETCS.
In August 2006 a new version of the TRAXX locomotive platform was introduced - overall the design was the same
- with the emphasis kept on modularity and commonality of components throughout the whole class. However to
allow the introduction of a diesel powered variant some internal, and external changes were made to the overall
design - in particular even the electric version have a hole that would be used for filling fuel tanks - rather than
producing two separate designs.[26] In terms of the electric versions the changes are essentially irrelevant.
Post 2006 many more of these multi-system were produced, this time with some for use in the Benelux countries, as
well as France and Poland, with further units being produced for Swiss/Italian traffic.

In Poland, locomotives used by PKP Cargo have been designated as the EU43 class. Units hired from Angel Trains
cargo to SNCB (Belgium) have also received the class number SNCB Class 28
As of 2009 production of the multisystem locomotives is still ongoing.

Type Operator Number Delivery Class Notes


TRAXX [25] 18+3 2004/6 Re484

SBB Cargo First order for the multi-system locomotives. Units fitted with Swiss and Italian
F140 MS [27]
safety systems only. Initial units fitted with Integra, ZUB262, and RS4 Codici
safety systems, later all fitted with ETCS and SCMT safety systems.

MRCE 5 2006 Re484 Leasing company locomotives. Only homologated and fitted with safety systems
for Italy and Switzerland. Numbered Re484.901 onwards.

TRAXX 105 2006- E 186

Angel Trains Leasing company. Locomotives delivered and certified for a variety of
F140 MS cargo[29] also EU43 operations - some for (NL/DE/AT/CH/IT or DE/PL or DE/AT/NL/BE. Others
(post 2006 (PL) [29]
certified for 160 km/h operations on HSL-Zuid.
version) and SNCB 6 on long term lease to PKP Cargo (Poland) - designated as class EU43 numbers
Class 28 [29] [30] [31]
EU43 001 to EU43 006 . Also as SNCB Class 28 in Belgium.

[32] 35 2007- E 186 Leasing company. Version built for either operations via Germany to the Low
countries, Poland, or Italy (trans-alpine)

EuroCargoRail 20 2008- E 186 For work in France, also to Germany via Belgium

BLS Cargo 10 2008- Re484 For transalpine routes via Italy/Austria/Switzerland/Germany

others 30+ 2008/9+ [33]

ITL 2 units, Veolia 6 units, Railpool more than 20 on order

TRAXX DC versions

TRAXX F140 DC and

TRAXX F160 DC[34]

RENFE 253.057 at Zaragoza (Aragon)

Power type Electric

Gauge Italy: 1435 mm (4 ft 81⁄  in)

Spain 1668 mm (5 ft 52⁄  in)
Weight [4] [6]

Electric 3kV DC

Power output 5.6MW

Tractive effort 300kN

In 2005 Angel Trains cargo placed an order for 10 DC electric locomotives with Bombardier, the first machine E483
001 was produced in August 2006 at Bombardier's plant in Kassel; later machines were built at Bombardier's plant in

Vado Ligure in Italy - which has become the official site for production of DC versions of the TRAXX
Producing a single-voltage machine for internal use is cost effective. Additionally, the weight is slightly reduced
compared to the AC machines which require a particularly heavy high-voltage transformer for use with the low 16.7
Hz frequency of the 15 kV AC system.
The machines are built to the same specifications as the rest of the TRAXX family, but only have equipment for 3kV
DC - making them suitable for internal work in Italy and Poland. If necessary the machines can be rebuilt for
multi-system use.[14] [35]
Renfe Mercanias, the freight subsidiary of Renfe Operadora ordered 100 locomotives for freight use to be designated
RENFE Class 253; these are the first TRAXX locomotives to be built to anything other than standard gauge.
Additionally Trenitalia cargo has ordered 42 locomotives for freight use, which will be operated at up to 160 km/h.

Type Operator Number Delivery Class Notes


TRAXX 10+10 2006-7 E483 Leasing company

Angel Trains
F140 DC [35] 2009

others 17? 2008- E 483 Nordcargo (8 units), Ferrovia Emilia Romagna (FER) (4 units), GTS (3
series [36]
units), Savonna (2 units). All for Italian operations.

TRAXX 100 2007–2010 RENFE

Renfe 55 machines to be built at Vado Ligure, the remaining 45 to be assembled
F140 DC [37] Class 253
Operadora from parts at Villaverde (nr. Madrid). These machines have headlights above
Iberian [37]
cab window and roof mounted air-conditioning.

TRAXX [34] ? ? [34]

Trenitalia 42 Freight locomotives with top speed of 160 km/h.
F160 DC [34]

TRAXX diesel versions


metronom TRAXX P160 DE locomotive

Power type Diesel

Build date 2006–present

Total production 21+

Weight [4] [6]


Fuel capacity [4]


Engine type MTU 16V 4000 R41L


Top speed [4]

140 / 160 / 200km/h (depended on configuration)

Power output [4]

2,200 kW

Tractive effort [4]

270 kN

The diesel version of the TRAXX platform is based on the post 2006 iteration of the design: with this version the
diesel engine (or in the case of an electric version - AC transformer or DC chokes) is centrally located. Both are
supported on a horizontal mounting plate that fits onto the main frame using the same fixtures[14] . In the diesel
version, the fuel tank occupies the same space as the transformer - central and below the main frame members.
Installed motor power is 2.2MW[4]
The diesel and electric TRAXX locomotives share the same driver cabin and control desk, body, bogies, and drive
system.[38] The maximum tractive effort is slight reduced by 30 kN to 270 kN due to the lower power of the diesel
The first orders for the diesel passenger version came from metronom via the leasing company LVNG, the company
already used TRAXX electric locomotives and required locomotives for the non-electrified Hamburg-Cuxhaven
line.order the passenger version (Designated as Class 246, Bombardiers designation TRAXX P160 DE) : 11
locomotives were ordered in 2005, delivery would take place in 2007. The first three engines were built in 2006 for
type certification, with one machine being presented officially at the InnoTrans 2006 railfair[39] The machines were
in service by late 2007.[40]
Leasing company CBrail was the first to order the freight version (as Class 285, Bombardiers' designation TRAXX
F140 DE) in 2006, the first locomotive was delivery in mid 2007, and had been cerified for use by 2008.[41]
On the 5th of December 2008 SNCF Fret placed an order for 45 TRAXX F140 DE locomotives, the order being
valued at 160 million Euros.[42] . The class are to be designated as SNCF Class BB 476000[43] . The contract
includes an option for a further 35 locomotitves.[44]

Type Operator Number Delivery date Class Notes

TRAXX P160 [40] 11 2007 246 Acquired by LVNG for use by metronom

TRAXX F140 [41] 10 2008 285 Leasing company, Operators include HVLE, ITL Eisenbahn
[43] 45 SNCF BB 476000 Order of 80, with last 35 as an option.
Akiem /SNCF

See also
A number of other locomotives built by Bombardier have been derived from or share many feature with the TRAXX
• IORE - Permanently connected two loco unit - extra heavy with six axles per locomotive - also built by
• FS Class E464 - single cabin Italian locomotive also built at Vado Ligure
• AVE Class 102 high speed powerheads built by Talgo in association use technology used in the TRAXX electric
• ALP-46 Built for New Jersey Transit - based on the DBAG Class 101

References and notes

• Bombardier Transportation [45] bombardier.com
• Railcolor - modern locomotive Power! [46] Website about post 1990s European mainline electric and diesel
locomotives railcolor.net

External links
• Drehstromloks.de - A comprehensive site about TRAXX and other Neubaulok series [47] (German)

[1] TRAXX AC F140 - Germany (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation/ products-services/ rail-vehicles/ locomotives/ traxx-ac/
traxx-f140-ac---germany?docID=0901260d800101b4#) bombardier.com
[2] TRAXX F140 AC - Switzerland (SBB) (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation/ products-services/ rail-vehicles/ locomotives/
traxx-ac/ traxx-f140-ac---switzerland--sbb-?docID=0901260d80010289#) bombardier.com
[3] TRAXX P160 AC - Germany (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation/ products-services/ rail-vehicles/ locomotives/ traxx-ac/
traxx-p160-ac---germany?docID=0901260d80012a20) bombardier.com
[4] TRAXX 4 environment (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ files/ en/ supporting_docs/ TRAXX_MS_EMAS. pdf) bombardier.com
[5] Interoperable Locomotives for Central-Eastern Europe and main Corridors (http:/ / www. infratrans. ro/ prezentari/
Bombardier_Infratrans_2007_Bucharest_Vitins. pdf) page 8 - Bombardier sales release - (via infratrans.ro)
[6] Sources vary on the mass of the locomotives, with the builders documentation also giving contradictory data. The relative masses are constant
-with the diesel and DC versions being the lightest, the AC version weighing more, and the AD/DC version being the heaviest
[7] Development partnership with Bombardier (http:/ / www. knorr-bremse. com/ media/ documents/ railvehicles/ informer/ Informer_0022-EN.
pdf) Informer: The customer magazine of Knorr-Bremse Rail Vehicle Systems, Edition 22, Dec 2008, Page 18-21 (sheet 10),
[8] A DBAG Class 121 exists but consists of renumbered Class 120s for use with DB AutoZug
[9] 145 concept based locomotives (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405014& lang=1) railcolor.net
[10] Bombardier signs 549 mln Dollar contract with RENFE (http:/ / www. infrasite. net/ news/ news_article. php?ID_nieuwsberichten=6193&
language=en) 28/12/2006 www.infrasite.net
[11] Traxx 1 platform (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1404957& lang=1) railcolor.net
[12] CFL 4000: introduction (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405294& lang=1) railcolornet
[13] LNVG 146.1 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405273& lang=1) railcolor.net
[14] Traxx loco family meets European needs (http:/ / www. railwaygazette. com/ news/ single-view/ view/ /
traxx-loco-family-meets-european-needs. html) Janis Vittins (Director, Marketting and Product planning, Bombardier) 7th Jan 2008 Railway
Gazette International
[15] TRAXX F140 AC - Germany (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation/ products-services/ rail-vehicles/ locomotives/ traxx-ac/
traxx-f140-ac---germany?docID=0901260d800101ff) bombardier.com
[16] DB Schenker 185.1 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405288& lang=1) railcolor.net
[17] CBRail 185.1 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405289& lang=1) www.railcolor.net
[18] DB Schenker 185.2 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405184& lang=1) railcolor.net
[19] SBB Cargo Re482.2 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405188& lang=1) railcolor.net
[20] Angel Trains Cargo 185.2 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405190& lang=1) railcolor.net
[21] HectorRail 241 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405193& lang=1) railcolor.net
[22] ITL 185 562 (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405189& lang=1) railcolor.net
[23] Locomotives for alternating current voltage systems - AC2 (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405160& lang=1) railcolor.net
[24] TRAXX MS Multi-system Locomotives (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation/ products-services/ rail-vehicles/ locomotives/
traxx-ms?docID=0901260d8001eafb) bombardier.com
[25] Multi System locomotives - MS (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405162& lang=1) railcolor.net
[26] Traxx 2E platform (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405016& lang=1)railcolor.net
[27] TRAXX P140 MS - Europe (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation/ products-services/ rail-vehicles/ locomotives/ traxx-ms/
traxx-p140-ms---europe?docID=0901260d8001022d#) bombardier.com
[28] SBB Cargo Re 484: introduction (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405165& lang=1) railcolor.net
[29] Angel Trains Cargo E186 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405128& lang=1) railcolor.net
[30] Pierwszy rozkładowy pociąg PKP CARGO obsługiwany lokomotywą TRAXX wjechał do Niemiec (http:/ / www. pkp-cargo. pl/
Pierwszy_rozkladowy_pociag_PKP_CARGO_obslugiwany_lokomotywa_TRAXX_wjechal_do_Niemiec,78,pr,28,j,1. html) The first

scheduled train using a PKP CARGO TRAXX locomotive has arrived in Germany pkp-cargo.pl
[31] TRAXX EU43-001 przybył, czyli nowe otwarcie PKP CARGO S.A. (http:/ / www. pkp-cargo. pl/
TRAXX_EU43-001_przybyl_czyli_nowe_otwarcie_PKP_CARGO_S_A_,78,pr,24,j,1. html) Traxx EU43-001 has arrived, opening up new
opporunities for PKP CARGO SA pkp-cargo.pl
[32] CBRail E186 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405129& lang=1) railcolor.net
[33] Bombardier Transportation Wins Contracts From Railpool to Supply 58 BOMBARDIER TRAXX Locomotives (http:/ / www. reuters. com/
article/ pressRelease/ idUS140754+ 22-Sep-2008+ MW20080922) reuters.com
[34] TRAXX DC electric locomotives (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation/ products-services/ rail-vehicles/ locomotives/
traxx-dc?docID=0901260d8001eade) bombardier.com
[35] Angel Trains Cargo E483: Introduction (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405156& lang=1) railcolor.net
[36] locomotives for Direct Current voltage systems - DC (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405133& lang=1) railcolor.net
[37] Renfe Mercancias S/253: Introduction (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405157& lang=1) railcolor.net
[38] The TRAXX Locomotive Platform (http:/ / www. unife. org/ uploads/ 2008/ presentations innotrans/ rs/ 02_Bombardier. pdf) Bombardier
publication via unife.org
[39] Bombardier unveils Traxx diesel (http:/ / findarticles. com/ p/ articles/ mi_m0BQQ/ is_11_46/ ai_n26709542) International Railway Journal,
Nov. 2006 findarticles.com
[40] LNVG 246 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405158& lang=1) railcolor.net
[41] CBRail 285 series (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405159& lang=1) railcolor.net
[42] SNCF places Traxx order (http:/ / www. railwaygazette. com/ news/ single-view/ view/ / sncf-places-traxx-order. html) 5 Dec 2008. Railway
Gazette International
[43] SNCF Fret BB 76000: introduction (http:/ / www. railcolor. net/ index. php?nav=1405921& lang=1) railcolor.net
[44] TRAXX Locomotive Contract for Bombardier (http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ wps/ portal/ en/ transportation/
media-centre?docID=0901260d800684fc) bombardier.com
[45] http:/ / www. bombardier. com/ en/ transportation
[46] http:/ / www. railcolor. net/
[47] http:/ / www. br146. de
Article Sources and Contributors 12

Article Sources and Contributors

TRAXX  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=367968263  Contributors: Arsenikk, Attilios, BIL, Bermicourt, Bleakcomb, Boreas231, Btrs, CHV, Carrolljon, Chris the speller,
Chzz, Cobatfor, DMChatterton, DavidArthur, Doco, Drutt, FengRail, Ghorbanalibeik, Giraffedata, Goodgirl, Gurch, Gwernol, Hugo999, John of Reading, Jollyroger, Kwiki, Mild Bill Hiccup,
Ogrodius, On Thermonuclear War, Ospalh, Otisjimmy1, Paul590, Postdlf, Qualle, Railwayfan2005, Rjwilmsi, Sandstein, Shortfatlad, Sunshinemind, Tabletop, Talltim, Thecrunchynutter,
Vegaswikian, WLU, Welsh, Wheeltapper, Wuhwuzdat, 50 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors

File:Baureihe 185 072-6.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Baureihe_185_072-6.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Der
Wolf im Wald
File:DB 185 001-5.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:DB_185_001-5.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Der Wolf im Wald
File:Locomotora 253.057 en Zaragoza-PLAZA.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Locomotora_253.057_en_Zaragoza-PLAZA.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation
License  Contributors: User:CHV
File:146 002.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:146_002.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Original uploader was Robertheinzke at
de.wikipedia (Original text : Stefan Schumann)

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