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UNIT 2 - ENGLISH 11

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1.

appear for: = on behalf of

2.

arrive on: the new product will arrive on supermarket shelves

24.

a deafening silence: very noticeable that nothing was said or


done

3.

as deaf as a post: completely deaf


-Grandad's as deaf as a post.

25.

detectable by sth: can be detected


undetectable to sth

4.

as, if, when, etc. the spirit moves sb: as/when/if you feel like it
I'll go for a run this evening, if the spirit moves me.

26.

5.

as it happens/ happened: used when you say something that is


surprising, or something connected with what somebody else
has just said
- I agree with you, as it happens.
- As it happens, I have a spare set of keys in my office.

differential (between A and B): a difference in the amount,


value or size of something
wage/pay/income differentials

27.

enter into the spirit of things: Begin to enjoy and feel part of a
lively event or atmosphere.
'people entered into the spirit of the occasion'

28.

escape notice: if a fact, situation etc escapes your notice, you


are not conscious of it :
- It may have escaped your notice, but some of us are trying to
work.

29.

experiential: based on or involving experience


- experiential knowledge
experiential learning methods

30.

eyeful: - an eyeful of sand/grit/dust/etc (that has entered the


eye)
- She's quite an eyeful. (= attractive person)

31.

fall on deaf ears: to be ignored or not noticed by other people


- Her advice fell on deaf ears.

32.

fight shy of something/of doing something: to try to avoid


something
- Before this course I'd always fought shy of technology.

6.

at a moment's/two hours'/three weeks', etc. notice: used to


emphasize how little time someone has to do something or how
little warning is given :
- We can't be expected to just drop everything and leave at a
moment's notice.
- You must be ready to leave at a moment's notice.

7.

at every opportunity: = whenever possible

8.

attend to: to help someone or deal with something


- Doctors tried to attend to the worst injured soldiers first.

9.

at the earliest opportunity: = as soon as possible

10.

be a bag/bundle of nerves: (informal) to be very nervous


Sorry for shouting - I'm a bundle of nerves these days.

11.

be all in somebody's/the mind: These problems are all in your


mind, you know. (in one's imagination)

12.

be another/a different kettle of fish: a completely different


situation or person from the one previously mentioned
- Having knowledge is one thing but being able to communicate
it to others is another kettle of fish.

33.

financially embarrassed: no having enough money, in difficult


financial situation

34.

first-hand experience: yourself, rather than having been given


something or told about something by somebody else

13.

be in bad, poor, the worst possible, etc. taste: to be offensive


and not at all appropriate
- Most of his jokes were in very poor taste.
be in good, the best possible, etc. taste

35.

flavour of the month: the most popular person at a particular


time:
Andy is certainly flavour of the month with the boss.

36.

for no apparent reason: ...

14.

be too close for comfort: to be so close to you that you feel


worried or frightened:
- His mother lives in the next street to us, which is a little too
close for comfort.

37.

fragrant: The air was fragrant WITH scents form the sea and
the hills

38.

give every appearance of: = seemed very much to be

39.

give/ have undivided attention: complete attention

40.

have a problem with sth: to disagree with or object to sth

41.

have a soft spot for: to feel that you like someone very much:
She'd always had a soft spot for her younger nephew.

42.

have fears for sb/sth: to be worried about someone or


something

43.

have/get an eyeful (of something): Hey, get an eyeful of this!


(= look carefully at something that is interesting or unusual)

44.

have it in mind to do sth: intent to do sth

45.

have nerves of steel: You'd have to have nerves of steel to


play in front of a crowd this size.

46.

hearing: an opportunity to explain your actions, ideas or


opinions
- All I'm asking is a fair hearing for my ideas.

47.

hearsay: information that you have heard but do not know to be


true:
The evidence against them is all hearsay.
Based only on hearsay and guesswork, you couldn't be so
certain about anything.

48.

hear sb think: I can't hear myself clearly (can't think clearly)

15.

calm/steady my nerves: ...

16.

can't stand the sight of sb/sth: hate sb/sth

17.

a certain person: a certain person (somebody I do not wish to


name) told me about it.

18.

a city person: I'm not really a city person. (I don't really like
cities)

19.

commence: to begin something:


- We will commence building work in August of next year.
- Shall we let the meeting commence?
- Unfortunately, he commenced speaking before all the guests
had finished eating.
- The day commenced with a welcome from the principal.

20.

conversational: relating to or like a conversation:


a conversational style of writing
He seems to lack basic conversational skills.

21.

conversationalist: s omeone who enjoys or is good at talking


with people

22.

conversation piece: an unusual object that causes people to


start talking

23.

a crying shame: a great shame

49.

high-spirited: = very lively and active


placid

73.

hit/touch a (raw/sensitive) nerve: to upset someone


- She touched a raw nerve when she mentioned that job he
didn't get.

make a, no, some, etc. difference (to/in


somebody/something): to have an effect/no effect on
somebody/something

50.

74.

hunt/search high and low: to search everywhere for something:


- I've been hunting high and low for that certificate and I still
can't find it!

make your presence felt: to have a strong effect on other


people or on a situation:
- The new police chief has really made his presence felt.

75.

marked difference: very noticeable

76.

a matter of personal taste: a matter of personal preference

52.

if/when you think about it: It was a difficult situation, when you
think about it.

77.

mindful (of): careful not to forget about something


mindless of

53.

impacted: (of a tooth) that cannot grow correctly because it is


under another tooth
an impacted wisdom tooth

78.

nerve = cheek: have the nerve to do sth


got a nerve asking sb for sth
"What a nerve" (to do sth)

54.

impersonal: (adj.) lacking friendliness/ not referring to any


particular person
Let's keep the criticism general and impersonal

79.

nerve-racking = nerve wracking: My wedding was the most


nerve-racking thing I've ever experienced. (= making you feel
very nervous and worried)

55.

in attendance on sb: present with someone and helping or


taking care of them :
He never goes out without his security men in attendance.

80.

nerve yourself for sth/to do sth: give yourself courage/


strenght to do sth
- He nerved himself to ask her out.

56.

in a vain attempt to
in the vain hope that: ...

81.

57.

inept: an inept comment/remark


inept at sth
socially inept

nervous: Consumers are very nervous ABOUT the future.


The horse may be nervous OF cars.
a nervous glance/smile/voice

82.

nervous of/ nervous about: So if you're nervous about an


exam, your anxiety is aimed at the actual process of going
through the exam, as well as what the outcome of the exam will
be; while if you're nervous of exams (a bit odd, though in no
way an unthinkable phrasing), you are apprehensive of exams
as a general thing, feeling that they are not a thing to be
trusted.
---------Of course, being nervous about someone is not at all the same
as being nervous of them. If you're nervous about someone,
you have their welfare in mind and you are worrying that
something is bothering them (for example); whereas if you're
nervous of them, you are leery of them.

51.

58.

ineptitude: political/social/economic ineptitude


the ineptitude of the police in handling the situation

59.

in fear of your life: to be frightened that you might be killed

60.

in spirit: in your thoughts

61.

interpersonal: The successful applicant will have excellent


interpersonal skills.

62.

in the person of sb: (idiom) (formal) Help arrived in the person


of his mother

63.

in the sight of sb/ in sb's sight: in sb's opinion


- We are all equal in the sight of God.

64.

intrapersonal: Intrapersonal intelligence is the ability to


understand oneself and one's emotions.

83.

nervous system: the system of the nerves in the body

84.

I thought as much: used to say that you are not surprised by


what someone has said or done:

nervous wreck: a very nervous person

65.

85.

nervy: I'm always nervy before an exam (= nervous, worried)

66.

It (just) so happens that: by chance


It just so happens that I have her phone number right here.

86.

a new arrival: a baby

87.

67.

keep up appearances: to pretend to be happier, less poor, etc.


than you really are :
- They were very unhappily married but kept up appearances for
the sake of their children.

newly-wed: (n)/(adj.) (usually plural.) a person who has recently


got married

88.

not hear of something: to refuse to let somebody do something,


especially because you want to help them :
- I wanted to pay but she wouldn't hear of it.

68.

leave a bad/nasty taste in the mouth: (of events or


experiences) to make you feel disgusted or ashamed afterwards
- I think we all felt he'd been treated very unfairly and it left a
bad taste in our mouths.

89.

nothing could be further from one's mind: used to say that you
certainly did not intend something
- I certainly wasn't trying to get money from him - nothing could
have been further from my mind!

69.

let's hear it for: (informal) used to say that


somebody/something deserves praise
Let's hear it for the teachers, for a change.

90.

noticeable in sb/sth: This effect is particularly noticeable in


younger patients.

91.

notifiable: of a disease or a crime) so dangerous or serious that


it must by law be reported officially to the authorities
- Is meningitis a notifiable disease?
- notifiable offences

92.

not/never hear the end of it: If Mary gets that promotion, we'll
never hear the end of it.

70.

line of sight: the direction in which a person must look in order


to see a particular object

71.

live on ones nerves: is always nervous

72.

make all the difference (to somebody/something): to have an


important effect on somebody/something; to make somebody
feel better

93.

of a disposition: She is of a nervous/cheerful/sunny


disposition.
(the particular type of character that a person naturally has)

94.

once bitten, twice shy: said when you are frightened to do


something again because you had an unpleasant experience
doing it the first time

95.

on edge: Everyone's nerves were on edge

96.

Ones spirits sink: become low-spirited

97.

on sight: as soon as someone or something is seen

98.

opportune: at the right time inopportune

99.

out of hearing: - We were just out of the captain's hearing.


out of sight, out of mind: said to emphasize that when
something or someone cannot be seen, it is easy to forget it,
him, or her

100.

save the embarrassment of: save somebody from being


embarrassed

117.

sb has arrived: (inf) somebody has become successful


- He knew he had arrived when he was shortlisted for the Man
Booker prize

118.

search me: (informal) used to emphasize that you do not know


the answer to somebody's question
- 'Why didn't she say anything?' 'Search me!'

119.

search sth/sb out: to look for something/somebody until you


find them
= track somebody/somethingdown
-Fighter pilots searched out and attacked enemy aircraft.

120.

121.

a sense/ wave/ pang of nostalgia: .

122.

settle our differences: to reconcile

set your sights on sth: to decide to achieve something:


- Jenny has set her sights on winning the competition.

personage: an important or famous person


= nonpersonage

123.

personal best: Coogan has run a personal best of just under


four minutes

124.

101.

102.

personality clash: There's a real personality clash between


two of the director since one is very egoistic while the other is
pid-headed.

103.

personalize: A news editor should not personalize current


events.
=> to refer to particular people when discussing a general
subject

104.

105.

personification: She was the personification of elegance

presence of mind: the ability to react quickly and stay calm in


a difficult or dangerous situation
- The boy had the presence of mind to turn off the gas.

106.

present at sth: (of a person) being in a particular place


- There were 200 people present at the meeting

107.

present in: (of a thing/substance) existing in a particular


place/thing
- Levels of pollution present in the atmosphere are increasing.

108.

problem: (adj) causing trouble for other people


She was a problem child, always in trouble with the police

109.

shamefaced: =sheepish, awkward and embarrassed or


ashamed:
- He looked somewhat shamefaced when he realized his
mistake.
shame sb into doing sth: to persuade somebody to do
something by making them feel ashamed not to do it
- She shamed her father into promising more help.

125.

sheer force of: - He maintained order by sheer force of


personality.
- She succeeded by/through sheer force of will

126.

shy (at something): (especially of a horse) to turn away with a


sudden movement because it is afraid or surprised
- Two small boys were shying stones at a tree.

127.

shy away (from something): to avoid doing something


because you are nervous or frightened
- I've never shied away from hard work.

128.

sighted: able to see, not blind


sightless = blind

129.

a sight for sore eyes: a way of saying that you are very
pleased to see someone or that you think someone is very
attractive:
- You're a sight for sore eyes!

130.

problem page: a page in a magazine consisting of letters that


people have written about problems that they have and the
advice that someone gives them
= advice column

131.

public-spirited: willing to do things that will help other people in


society

132.

110.

111.

put in/make an appearance: to be present somewhere for a


short time :
- I didn't really want to go there, but I thought I'd better put in
an appearance.

112.

put sb/sth to shame: to be much better than


somebody/something
- Their presentation put ours to shame.
- Your cooking puts mine to shame.

113.

114.

put the fear of God into somebody: to frighten you a lot

put your thinking cap on: to think seriously about something :


- I need some interesting suggestions so if you can put your
thinking cap on I'd be grateful.

115.

same difference: (informal) used to say that you think the


differences between two things are not important
- "He was driving a red car." "Actually, it was maroon." "Same
difference."

116.

sightseer: = tourist
someone who visits interesting places
- Oxford attracts large numbers of sightseers.
sight unseen: without seeing or examining something:
- I never buy anything sight unseen.
sit up and take notice: to show interest or surprise:
- She sat up and took notice when she heard he was getting
married.

133.

soften/cushion the blow: to make a bad situation less serious


He lost his job, but he has enough money in the bank to soften
the blow.

134.

soften up: to do things that will please someone so that they


will do what you want
- Potential customers are softened up with free gifts before the
sales talk.

135.

soluble: (in something) that can be dissolved in a liquid


- Glucose is soluble in water.
(of a problem) that can be solved insoluble
- The problem does not seem soluble.

136.

sorry sight: a bad condition or situation:


- He was a sorry sight when he got home - soaking and covered
in mud.
- It's a sorry situation when there isn't any food in the house.

137.

to taste: in the quantity that is needed to make something


taste the way you prefer
- Add salt and pepper to taste.

160.

To think that...: To think that my mother wrote all those books


and I never knew!

161.

the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak: you intend to do


good things but you are too lazy, weak or busy to actually do
them

162.

the spirit of the age/times: the ideas, beliefs, and style of a


particular period of time

163.

138.

139.

140.

spiritual welfare: ...

- take/draw comfort from (sb's words)


- of (little) comfort.: ...

141.

take your mind off sth: to make you forget about sth
unpleasant for a short time

142.

taste: I love the taste of garlic.


Olives are usually an acquired taste (= you only like them after
you have become familiar with their taste).

143.

a taste of things to come: a preview of what will happen in the


future

144.

- the very thought of it


- give up all thought of
- act with no thought of
- had a thought = had an idea
- spare a thought for
- give it another thought: ...

145.

these things happen: used to tell somebody not to worry about


something they have done
- 'SorryI've spilt some wine.' 'Never mind. These things
happen.'

146.

think aloud/out loud: to say what your thoughts are as you


have them

147.

think better of it/of doing something = reconsider: Rosie was


about to protest but thought better of it.

148.

149.

think better of sb/ sth: to have a higher opinion

150.

thinking: = ideas, opinions about sth

think nothing of something


also not think twice about something: to find it easy to do
something:

151.

152.

to all appearances: = as far as people could tell

153.

to and fro: backwards and forwards

to come/spring to mind: suddenly remember or think of


something

154.

to go/retreat into one's shell


to come out of one's shell: to become shyer and avoid talking
to other people
to become less shy and more confident when talking to other
people

155.

to hear tell of sth: (old-fashioned or formal) to hear people


talking about something
I've often heard tell of such things.

156.

157.

To my shame: = I feel shame that

to raise/ lower your sights: to expect more/less from a


situation
- If they can't afford such a big house, they'll just have to lower
their sights a little.

158.

to spirit: to take somebody/something away in a quick, secret


or mysterious way

159.

a train of thought: What amazing train of thought led you from


Napoleon to global warming?
turn a deaf ear (to somebody/something): to ignore or refuse
to listen to somebody/something
He turned a deaf ear to the rumours.

164.

(TV) personality: = celebrity

unheard-of: surprising or shocking because not known about or


previously experienced:
It was unheard-of for an unmarried couple to live together.

165.

166.

unification: - the unification of Germany

unite (in) / (behind/against somebody/something): - Local


resident groups have united in opposition to the plan.
-Will they unite behind the new leader?

167.

the unthinkable: The unthinkable had happened - his secret


activities had been discovered by the press.

168.

vanities: behaviour or attitudes showing too much pride in your


own appearance, abilities or achievements

169.

a window of opportunity: a period of time when the


circumstances are right for doing something

170.

with a difference: (informal) (after nouns) used to show that


something is interesting or unusual
- Try new Cremetti - the ice cream with a difference.

171.

172.

within earshot: in/within sb's hearing

without fear or favour: in an equal and fair way:


- The appointments are made without fear or favour.

173.

a world of difference: If there is a world of difference between


two people or things, they are very different:
- There's a world of difference between the service in the two
hotels.

174.

you could hear a pin drop: The audience was so quiet you
could have heard a pin drop.

175.