Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 55

Les vampires (1915)

Les Vampires

Musidora en un fotograma de la pelcula.

Ttulo

Los vampiros
Ficha tcnica

Direccin

Louis Feuillade

Produccin

Gaumont Film Company

Guion

Louis Feuillade

Msica

Robert Israel

Sonido

Muda

Fotografa

Mani
Musidora
Edouard Math

Protagonistas

Marcel Lvesque
Jean Aym
Fernand Herrmann
Stacia Napierkowska

Ver todos los crditos (IMDb)


Datos y cifras
Pas(es)

Francia

Ao

1915

Gnero

Terror
Suspenso

Duracin

440 minutos

Idioma(s)

Francs
Compaas

Productora

Gaumont
Ficha en IMDb

[editar datos en Wikidata]

Les vampires (Los vampiros) es una serie de cine francesa de diez

episodios de 1915, con guion y direccin de Louis Feuillade. Es una de


las primeras obras cinematogrficas de suspenso.

Argumento
Cuenta la historia de una banda de criminales de Pars llamado "Los
Vampiros" y su enfrentamiento con el periodista Phillipe Gurande. La
banda resulta ser un grupo extravagante que se disfraza para cometer
sus delitos.

Galera

Reproducir contenido multimedia

1 - La Tte coupe (1915)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

2 - La Bague qui tue (1915)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

3 - Le Cryptogramme rouge (1915)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

4 - Le Spectre (1916)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

5 - L'vasion du mort (1916)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

6 - Les Yeux qui fascinent (1916)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

7 - Satanas (1916)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

8 - Le Matre de la foudre (1916)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

9 - L'Homme des poisons (1916)

Reproducir contenido multimedia

10 - Les Noces sanglantes (1916)

Enlaces externos

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Les

Vampires.

Les vampires en Internet Movie Database (en ingls)

Plot Summary and Stills


Serie completa (en Google Video).
o Episodio 1: The Severed Head.
o Episodio 2: The Ring That Kills.
o Episodio 3: The Red Codebook.
o Episodio 4: The Spectre.
o Episodio 5: Dead Man's Escape.
o Episodio 6: Hypnotic Eyes.
o Episodio 7: Satanus.
o Episodio 8: The Thunder Master.
o Episodio 9: The Poisoner.
o Episodio 10: The Terrible Wedding.

Categoras:

Pelculas
Pelculas
Pelculas
Pelculas
Pelculas
Pelculas
Pelculas
Pelculas
Pelculas

en francs
de Francia
de 1915
de terror
de suspense
dirigidas por Louis Feuillade
mudas de Francia
rodadas en Francia
ambientadas en Francia

Esta pgina fue modificada por ltima vez el 28 ago 2016 a las 18:54.
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_vampires_(1915)

douard Math
douard Math

Math en Les vampires (1915)


Informacin personal
1886

Nacimiento

Australia

Fallecimiento

Nacionalidad

1934
Bruselas, Blgica
Francesa

Informacin profesional
Ocupacin

Actor

douard Math (1886 1934) fue un actor cinematogrfico de


nacionalidad francesa, activo en la poca del cine mudo.

ndice

1
2
3
4

Biografa
Filmografa
Referencia
Enlaces externos

Biografa
Nacido en Australia, form parte de la compaa de actores de Louis
Feuillade, con el que trabaj en mltiples ocasiones, y con el cual
debut en el film L'Htel de la gare en 1914. A lo largo de su carrera
entre 1914 y 1924 trabaj en ms de ochenta filmes.
Su papel ms famoso fue el del periodista Philippe Gurande en Les
vampires (1915). Otras interpretaciones destacadas fueron las que llev
a cabo en Judex (1917) y en Barrabas (1919).
douard Math falleci en Bruselas, Blgica, en 1934.

Filmografa

1914 : L'Htel de la gare, de


Louis Feuillade
1915 : Son or, de Louis Feuillade
1915 : Le Trophe du zouave, de
Gaston Ravel
1915 : Le Collier de perles, de
Louis Feuillade
1915 : L'Angoisse au foyer, de
Louis Feuillade
1915 : Le Blason, de Louis
Feuillade
1915 : L'Union sacre, de Louis
Feuillade
1915 : L'Escapade de Filoche, de
Louis Feuillade
1915 : Fifi tambour, de Louis
Feuillade
1915 : Les Noces d'argent, de
Louis Feuillade
1915 : Le Roman de Midinette, de
Louis Feuillade
1915 : Le Fer cheval, de Louis
Feuillade
1915 : Les vampires, de Louis
Feuillade
1916 : Suzanne, professeur de
flirt, de Ren Hervil y Louis
Mercanton
1916 : Le pied qui treint, de
Jacques Feyder
1916 : C'est pour les orphelins !,
de Louis Feuillade
1916 : Le Colonel Bontemps, de

1917 : Dserteuse!, de Louis


Feuillade
1917 : Le Pass de Monique, de
Louis Feuillade
1917 : Dbrouille-toi, de Louis
Feuillade
1917 : La Femme fatale, de
Louis Feuillade
1917 : Herr Doktor, de Louis
Feuillade
1917 : Le Bandeau sur les yeux,
de Louis Feuillade
1917 : L'Autre, de Louis
Feuillade
1917 : La Nouvelle Mission de
Judex, de Louis Feuillade
1917 : La Fugue de Lily, de
Louis Feuillade
1918 : Les Petites
marionnettes, de Louis Feuillade
1918 : Aide-toi, de Louis
Feuillade
1918 : Vendmiaire, de Louis
Feuillade
1918 : Tih Minh, de Louis
Feuillade
1919 : L'Homme sans visage,
de Louis Feuillade
1919 : L'Engrenage, de Louis
Feuillade
1919 : Le Nocturne, de Louis
Feuillade
1919 : L'nigme, de Louis

Louis Feuillade
1916 : Les Maris d'un jour, de
Louis Feuillade
1916 : Les Fourberies de
Pingouin, de Louis Feuillade
1916 : Les Fianailles d'Agnor,
de Louis Feuillade
1916 : Le Malheur qui passe, de
Louis Feuillade
1916 : C'est le printemps!, de
Louis Feuillade
1916 : L'Aventure des millions,
de Louis Feuillade
1916 : Un mariage de raison, de
Louis Feuillade y Lonce Perret
1917 : Judex, de Louis Feuillade

Feuillade
1919 : Barrabas, de Louis
Feuillade
1921 : Les Deux Gamines, de
Louis Feuillade
1921 : Sraphin ou les jambes
nues, de Louis Feuillade
1921 : L'Orpheline, de Louis
Feuillade
1921 : Saturnin ou le bon
allumeur, de Louis Feuillade
1921 : Gustave est mdium, de
Louis Feuillade
1921 : Parisette, de Louis
Feuillade
1923 : Mes p'tits, de Paul
Barlatier y Charles Keppens
1923 : Le Ngre du rapide
numro 13, de J. Mandemant
1924 : Les Deux Gosses, de
Louis Mercanton
1924 : La Course l'amour, de
Paul Barlatier y Charles
Keppens

Enlaces externos
douard Math en Internet Movie Database (en ingls)

Categoras:

Nacidos en 1886
Fallecidos en 1934
Actores de cine de Francia
Actores de cine mudo

Esta pgina fue modificada por ltima vez el 30 sep 2015 a las 05:40.
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89douard_Math%C3%A9

Musidora
Musidora

Musidora en una fotografa publicitaria de una


pelcula ca. 1914.

Informacin personal
Nombre de
nacimiento

Nacimiento

Fallecimiento

Lugar de
sepultura
Nacionalidad

Jeanne Roques

23 de febrero de 1889
Pars, Francia
7 de diciembre de 1957
Pars, Francia

Cementerio de Montmartre

Francesa

Familia
Dr. Clement Marot

Cnyuge

(19271944)

Hijos

Clement Marot Jr.


Informacin profesional

Ocupacin

Actriz, directora, escritora,


productora, realizadora

Ao de debut

1909

Ao de retiro

1950

Jeanne Roques (Pars, 23 de febrero de 1889 - ibdem, 7 de diciembre


de 1957), conocida artsticamente bajo el pseudnimo de Musidora, fue
una actriz, directora, escritora, productora y realizadora francesa, que
se hizo famosa por su interpretacin en la pelcula de Louis Feuillade Les
Vampires. Fue el arquetipo de mujer fatal1 y los surrealistas la
adoptaron como una de sus musas.

ndice

1
2
3
4

Biografa
Musidora y los surrealistas
Referencias
Enlaces externos

Biografa
Su padre Jacques, compositor y terico del socialismo y su madre Marie
Clmence, pintora y lder fminista, le transmitieron su aficin por la
literatura. Tambin le gustaba pintar, escribir y esculpir, pero, sobre
todo, el mundo del espectculo. Leyendo a Thophile Gautier escogi el
nombre artstico de Musidora, la herona de Fortunio.
En 1910, actu en la obra de teatro La loupiotte de Aristide Bruant y,
dos aos ms tarde, en el Bataclan, con la revista a grise, en la que
trabajaba Colette.
Inici su carrera cinematogrfica en 1913; pero Louis Feuillade la
descubri en el espectculo La Revue Galante en el Folies-Bergre, y, en
1915, le ofreci el papel de Irma Vep, el personaje con el que se hara
famosa, en la pelcula Les Vampires, una serie de diez episodios.
Irma Vep (anagrama de vampire) es una cantante de cabaret que forma
parte de la sociedad secreta les Vampires, un grupo de delincuentes.
Es hipnotizada por Moreno, un rival de la banda, que la convierte en su
amante y le ordena que asesine al Gran Vampiro. Al final, ella se
convertir en la jefe del grupo hasta que son detenidos.
En 1916, vuelve a trabajar con Luis Feuillade en la serie Judex.
En sus inicios como realizadora hizo adaptaciones cinematogrficas de
novelas de Colette.
Se enamor del rejoneador Antonio Caero y se fue a vivir a Espaa. All
fue guionista, directora, productora e intrprete de tres pelculas : La
Capitana Alegra, 1920, Sol y Sombra, 1922, y La Tierra de los toros,
1924.
De regreso a Pars en 1926, actu en el film Le berceau de dieu con
Lon Mathot.
Despus de casarse con el mdico Clment Marot, en 1927, abandon el
cine para dedicarse al teatro hasta 1952.

Tambin public dos novelas, Arabella et Arlequin, 1928, y Paroxysmes,


1934, numerosas canciones y un libro de poemas, Auroles (1940). A
partir de 1944, trabaj en la Cinmathque franaise.
Musidora muri en Pars el 7 de diciembre de 1957.

Musidora y los surrealistas

Andr Breton, Louis Aragon y los dems miembros del movimiento


surrealista eran muy admiradores de las series de Louis Feuillade y, en
particular de Les Vampires, por lo que eligieron a Musidora como su
musa. Aragon y Breton escribieron en 1929 una obra de teatro que era
un homenaje a la actriz, Le Trsor des Jsuites, en la que todos los
personajes tenan nombres que eran anagramas de Musidora (Mad
Souri, Doramusi, etc.)

Musidora en Les Vampires.

Referencias
1. rottentomatoes.com. Musidora Biography (en ingls). Consultado el
21 de enero de 2012.

Enlaces externos

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Musidora.


Musidora en Internet Movie Database (en ingls)
Musidora en Cinema-Negro

Categoras:

Nacidos en 1889
Fallecidos en 1957
Parisinos
Actores de cine de Francia
Actores de cine mudo de Francia
Directores de cine de Francia
Escritores de Francia
Productores de cine de Francia
Musas modernas

Esta pgina fue modificada por ltima vez el 21 jun 2016 a las 06:32.
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musidora

Louis Feuillade

Louis Feuillade es un director de cine francs nacido el 19 de febrero de


1873 en Lunel (Hrault) y muerto el 26 de febrero de 1925 en Niza.
Empez su carrera como periodista para acabar trabajando en la famosa
compaa cinematogrfica Gaumont. Su extensa filmografa abarca ms
de 500 ttulos. Es reconocido por sus seriales relacionados con intrigas
policiacas, entre ellos cabe destacar: Fantomas, Los Vampiros o Judex.

Filmografa destacada

1911
1913
1914
1915
1916
1919
1921
1921
1922
1924
1924

La vida tal cual es


Fantomas - A la sombra de la guillotina
Fantomas contra Fantomas
Los vampiros
Judex
Barrabs
Las dos nias de Pars
La huerfanita
El hijo del pirata
El estigma
El hurfano de Pars

Enlaces externos

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Louis


Feuillade.

Louis Feuillade en Internet Movie Database (en ingls)

Pgina en Epdlp

Categoras:

Nacidos en 1873
Fallecidos en 1925
Directores de cine de Francia
Directores de cine mudo

Esta pgina fue modificada por ltima vez el 27 dic 2015 a las 11:00.
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Feuillade

Les Vampires
Les Vampires

Early French Les Vampires poster


Directed by

Louis Feuillade

Produced by

Gaumont

Written by

Louis Feuillade
douard Math

Starring

Musidora
Marcel Lvesque
Robert Israel (2000)

Music by

ric le Guen (2008)


Mont Alto Motion Picture Orchestra
(2012)

Cinematography

Manichoux

Distributed by

Gaumont

Release dates

13 November 1915 30 June 1916

Running time

10 Episodes (417 minutes)

Country

France

Language

Silent (with French intertitles)

Les Vampires is a 191516 French silent crime serial film written and

directed by Louis Feuillade. Set in Paris, it stars douard Math,


Musidora and Marcel Lvesque. The main characters are a journalist and
his friend who become involved in trying to uncover and stop a bizarre
underground Apache gang, known as The Vampires (who are not the
mythological beings their name suggests). The serial consists of ten
episodes, which vary greatly in length. Being roughly 7 hours long, it is
considered one of the longest films ever made.[1] It was produced and
distributed by Feuillade's company Gaumont. Due to its stylistic
similarities with Feuillade's other crime serials Fantmas and Judex, the
three are often considered a trilogy.[2]
Fresh from the success of Feuillade's previous serial, Fantmas, and
facing competition from rival company Path, Feuillade made the film
quickly and inexpensively with very little written script. Upon its initial
release Les Vampires was given negative reviews by critics for its
dubious morality and its lack of cinematic techniques compared to other
films.[3] However, it was a massive success with its wartime audience,
making Musidora a star of French cinema.[4] The film has since come
under re-evaluation and is considered by many to be Feuillade's
magnum opus and a cinematic masterpiece. It is recognised for
developing thriller techniques, adopted by Alfred Hitchcock and Fritz
Lang,[5] and avant-garde cinema, inspiring Luis Buuel and others.[6] It
is included in the book 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die.[7]

Contents

1 Plot
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o

1.1 Episode 1 "The Severed Head"


1.2 Episode 2 "The Ring That Kills"
1.3 Episode 3 "The Red Codebook"
1.4 Episode 4 "The Spectre"
1.5 Episode 5 "Dead Man's Escape"
1.6 Episode 6 "Hypnotic Eyes"
1.7 Episode 7 "Satanas"
1.8 Episode 8 "The Thunder Master"
1.9 Episode 9 "The Poisoner"
1.10 Episode 10 "The Terrible Wedding"

2 Cast
3 Production
o 3.1 Development and writing
o 3.2 Filming and editing
4 Release
o 4.1 Promotion
o 4.2 Home media
5 Critical reception
o 5.1 Contemporary
o 5.2 Re-evaluation
o 5.3 Accolades
6 Aftermath
o 6.1 Legacy
7 See also
8 References
9 External links

Plot
English title

French title

Released

Runtime

1 "The Severed Head"

"La Tte Coupe"

13 November
1915

33
mins.

2 "The Ring That Kills"

"La Bague Qui Tue"

13 November
1915

15
mins.

3 "The Red Codebook"

"Le Cryptogramme
Rouge"

4 December 1915

39
mins.

"Le Spectre"

7 January 1916

30
mins.

"L'vasion Du Mort"

28 January 1916

35
mins.

"Les Yeux Qui Fascinent"

24 March 1916

54
mins.

"Satanus"

15 April 1916

46
mins.

12 May 1916

52
mins.

4 "The Spectre"

5 "Dead Man's Escape"

6 "Hypnotic Eyes"

7 "Satanas"

8 "The Thunder Master" "Le Matre de la Foudre"

9 "The Poisoner"

"L'homme des Poisons"

2 June 1916

48
mins.

"The Terrible
Wedding"

"Les Noces Sanglantes"

30 June 1916

60
mins.

10

Episode 1 "The Severed Head"

Play media
Episode 1 : The Severed Head (1915)

Philipe Gurande (douard Math, right) interviews Dr. Nox (Jean Aym, left)
in "The Severed Head".

Philipe Gurande (douard Math), a reporter working for the


newspaper "The Paris Chronicle" who is investigating a criminal
organisation called the Vampires, receives a telegram at work stating
that the decapitated body of the national security agent in charge of the
Vampire investigations, Inspector Durtal, was found in the swamps near
Saint-Clement-Sur-Cher, with the head missing. Being turned down by
the local magistrate (Thels), he spends the night in a nearby castle
owned by Dr. Nox (Jean Aym), an old friend of his father, along with
Mrs. Simpson (Rita Herlor), an American multimillionaire who desires
the property. After waking up in the night, Philipe finds a note in his

pocket saying "Give up your search, otherwise bad luck awaits you!
The Vampires", and discovers a mysterious passage behind a painting in
his room. Meanwhile, Mrs. Simpsons money and jewels are stolen in her
sleep by a masked thief, but Philipe is suspected of the crime. Philipe
again visits the magistrate, who now believes his case, and they trick
Dr. Nox and Mrs. Simpson into waiting in an anteroom. At the castle,
Philipe and the magistrate find the head of Inspector Durtal hidden in
the passage in Philipes room. Back in the anteroom, they find that Mrs.
Simpson is dead and that Dr. Nox has vanished. Her pocket contains a
note from the Grand Vampire saying that he has murdered the real Dr.
Nox and is now assuming his identity.
Episode 2 "The Ring That Kills"

Play media
Episode 2 : The Ring That Kills (1915)

Marfa Koutiloff (Stacia Napierkowska) dancing as a vampire bat in "The Ring


That Kills"

Grand Vampire in disguise as Count de Noirmoutier, reads that ballerina


Marfa Koutiloff (Stacia Napierkowska), who is engaged to Philipe, will
perform a ballet called The Vampires. To prevent her from publicizing
the Vampires' activities and to deter Philipe, he gives Marfa a poisoned
ring before her performance, which kills her onstage. Amidst the
panicking crowds Philipe recognizes the Grand Vampire and follows him

to an abandoned fort and is captured by the gang. They agree to


interrogate Philipe at midnight and execute him at dawn. Philipe finds
that the Vampire guarding him is one of his co-workers, Oscar-Cloud
Mazamette (Marcel Lvesque). They decide to work together and
capture the Grand Inquisitor when he arrives at midnight. They bind and
hood the Grand Inquisitor, and set him up for execution in place of
Phillipe. At dawn the Vampires arrive for the execution, but the police
raid the lair. The Vampires escape, but as they flee they mistakenly
execute their own Grand Inquisitor, who turns out to be the Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court.
Episode 3 "The Red Codebook"

Play media
Episode 3 : The Red Codebook (1915)

Irma Vep (Musidora) singing in the "Howling Cat" nightclub in "The Red
Codebook".

While faking illness to get off work, Philipe tries to decode a red booklet
that he lifted from the Grand Inquisitors body, which contains the
crimes of the Vampires. He discovers that his house is under
surveillance by the Vampires, so he leaves in disguise. Following clues in
the booklet he arrives at "The Howling Cat" night club. Performing there
is Irma Vep (Musidora), whose name Philipe sees is an anagram for
vampire. After her act, the Grand Vampire assigns Irma to retrieve the

red booklet. As Philipe returns home Mazamette arrives, along with a


poison pen he stole from the Grand Vampire. A few days later, Irma
arrives at their house disguised as a new maid, but Philipe recognizes
her. She tries to poison him, but fails. His mother (Delphine Renot)
leaves to meet her brother after receiving word that he has been in a
car accident, but it turns out to be a trap and she is captured by the
Vampires. While Philipe is asleep, Irma lets another Vampire into his
home but he shoots them. They escape, however, because his gun was
loaded with blanks. In a shack in the slums, Philipes mother is held by
Father Silence (Louis Leubas), a deaf-mute, and is forced to sign a
ransom note, but she kills him with Mazamettes poison pen and
escapes.
Episode 4 "The Spectre"

Play media
Episode 4 : The Spectre (1916)

The Grand Vampire, under the alias of a real estate broker "Treps",
meets Juan-Jos Morno (Fernand Herrmann), a businessman, who asks
for an apartment with a safe. The Grand Vampire puts Morno into an
apartment whose safe is rigged to be opened from the rear through the
party wall of an apartment belonging to Irma Vep and the Grand
Vampire. However, the case Morno places inside contains the
Vampires black attire. Later, in disguise as bank secretary "Juliette
Bertaux", Irma learns that a man called Mr. Metadier has to bring
300,000 to another branch. In the event that he is unable to make the
delivery, Irma will. Soon afterward, Mr. Metadier is murdered by the
Vampires and his body thrown from a train. When Irma is about to take
the money for him a spectre of Mr. Metadier appears and takes it
instead. The Grand Vampire pursues the spectre, who escapes down a
manhole. Later that day, Mme. Metadier appears at the bank, saying
she hasnt seen her husband in days. They also find out that the money
hasnt been delivered. Philipe learns of this and goes to the bank in
disguise. Recognizing the secretary as Irma, he finds her address and a

few hours later sneaks in, using Mazamette as a ploy. Irma and the
Grand Vampire open the safe from their side, only to find Metadiers
body and the money. Philipe tries to capture them but is knocked down
and they escape. Philipe calls the police just as Morno enters and finds
his safe opened from the other side. He walks through and is caught by
Philipe. Morno is revealed to be another criminal in disguise, and claims
not to have killed Metadier, but to have found his body by the train
tracks where the Vampires had dumped it. Morno found Metadier's
letter of authority on his corpse, took Metadier's body home, disguised
himself as Metadier, put the body in his safe, assumed Metadier's
identity, took the money, and put it too in his safe. The upshot is that
the money is now in the Vampires' possession. The police arrive and
arrest Morno.
Episode 5 "Dead Man's Escape"

Play media
Episode 5 : Dead Man's Escape (1916)

The examining magistrate from Saint-Clement-Sur-Cher relocates to


Paris and is assigned to the Vampire case and the Morno affair. After
being summoned to the magistrate, Morno commits suicide using a
concealed cyanide capsule. His body is left in his cell, but during the
night he wakes up, very much alive. He kills the night-watchman and
takes his clothes, escaping from the prison. He is noticed by Mazamette,
who is suffering from insomnia. The following morning, Morno is found
to have escaped. While writing an account of the events, Philipe is pulled
out of his window by the Vampires and whisked into a large costume
box. He is driven away and the box is unloaded, but incompetently, and
it slides down a large flight of stairs. The Vampires retreat and Philipe is
let out by two bystanders. He visits the costume designer Pugenc whose
name and box number (13) are on the costume box, just missing
Morno and his gang who have bought police uniforms for a scheme of
their own. Philipe learns from Pugenc that the costume box was to go to
Baron de Mortesalgues on Maillot Avenue, and realizes that

"Mortesalgues" must be another alias of the Grand Vampire. Later,


Morno confronts Philipe in a caf, but when Philipe calls for the nearby
policemen, they turn out to be part of Mornos gang and he is again
captured. Meanwhile, Mazamette breaks into Morno's hideout. Philipe is
taken there to be hanged by the gang, unless he can give them means
to revenge themselves against the Vampires. He tells them that Baron
de Mortesalgues is the Grand Vampire, and they spare him, tying him
up. Mazamette appears and frees him. That evening, the Grand
Vampire, in disguise as Baron de Mortesalgues, holds a party for his
"niece", who is Irma Vep in disguise. The party attracts many members
of the Parisian aristocracy. "Mortesalgues" reveals that at midnight there
will be a surprise; but the "surprise" is a sleeping-gas attack on the
guests. The Vampires steal all of the guests' valuables while they are
unconscious. The Vampires flee with the stolen items on the top of their
car, but Morno, forewarned by Philipe, robs the Vampires and sends
Philipe a letter telling him that, for the moment, they are even.
Mazamette visits Philipe; he is angry with their lack of progress and
wants to quit. Philipe opens a book of La Fontaine's Fables and points to
the line, in all things, one must take the end into account, and
Mazamette's resolve is renewed.
Episode 6 "Hypnotic Eyes"

Play media

Episode 6 : Hypnotic Eyes (1916)

Juan-Jos Morno (Fernand Herrmann) confronts Irma Vep in "Hypnotic Eyes".

Fifteen days have passed since the events at Maillot. Morno is looking
for clues to lead him to the Vampires, and reads in a paper that a
Fontainebleau notary has been murdered by them; as he happens to
possess a gaze with a terrible hypnotic power, he takes control of his
new maid, Laura, to turn her into his slave. Meanwhile, Philipe and
Mazamette happen to see a newsreel on the murder inquest, in which
they spot Irma Vep and the Grand Vampire. They cycle to Fontainebleau
to investigate. En route they spot an American tourist, Horatio Werner,
riding fast into the forest, and follow him. He places a box under one of
the boulders, and they take it. The Grand Vampire, who is staying in the
Royal Hunt Hotel under the pseudonym of Count Kerlor, along with Irma
in disguise as his son, Viscount Guy, reads in a paper that George
Baldwin (mile Keppens), an American millionaire, has been robbed of
$200,000. Whoever can capture the criminal, Raphael Norton, who has
fled to Europe with the actress Ethel Florid, will be awarded the unspent
balance of the loot. "Kerlor" notices that Mr and Mrs. Werner, who are
staying at the hotel, are distressed by this notice, and concludes that
Mr. Werner is Raphael Norton. Philipe and Mazamette arrive at the hotel
and find that the Vampires are based there. In a different hotel they
force open the box and find Baldwins stolen money inside. Morno
comes to the Royal Hunt in disguise. While the Grand Vampire tells the
hotel guests a story, Irma breaks into the Werners' suite, finding a map
leading to the box in the forest. When she leaves, she is captured and
chloroformed by Morno, who takes the map. While his gang take Irma
away, he dresses his hypnotized maid, Laura, as Irma and tells her to
give the Vampires the map. Once one of the Vampires (Miss dith)
follows the map to get the treasure, Mornos gang ambushes her, only
to find that Philipe has already taken it. Moreno demands that the Grand
Vampire ransom Irma Vep. In the early morning, the police raid the
hotel and find that Werner is actually Norton, so Philipe and Mazamette
win the money. Morno falls in love with Irma and decides not to return

her to the Grand Vampire. Instead, he hypnotizes her and causes her to
write a confession of her involvement in the murders of the Fontainbleau
notary (in this episode), Metadier (episode 4), the ballerina Marfa
Koutiloff (episode 2), and Dr. Nox (episode 1). The Grand Vampire
comes to meet Morno, but Morno by hypnotic command compels Irma
to kill him. The episode ends with the now-wealthy Mazamette informing
a dozen adoring journalists that "although vice is seldom punished,
virtue is always rewarded".
Episode 7 "Satanas"

Play media
Episode 7 : Satanas (1916)

Irma Vep and Juan-Jos Morno in the "Happy Shack" cabaret in "Satanas"

A mysterious man (Louis Leubas) arrives at Mornos home, and shows


that he knows that the Grand Vampires body is inside a trunk. Morno
tries to get rid of him, but he is paralysed by a pin in the mans glove.
The man reveals himself to be the true Grand Vampire, Satanas, and
that the first was a subordinate. While at a cabaret called the "Happy
Shack", Morno and Irma receive a note from Satanas saying they will
see proof of his power at two o'clock. At two he fires a powerful cannon
at the "Happy Shack", largely destroying it. Meanwhile, Philipe decides
to visit Mazamette, but he is out "chasing the girls." He hides as
Mazamette arrives home, drunk, with two women and a friend, who he
later chases out angrily at gunpoint. The next morning, Irma and

Morno go to Satanas home to surrender, and Satanas offers them the


chance to work with him, informing them that American millionaire
George Baldwin is stopping at the Park Hotel. Satanas wants Baldwin's
signature. One of Mornos accomplices, Lily Flower (Suzanne Delv),
goes to the Park Hotel and poses as an interviewer from "Modern
Woman" magazine and through trickery gets Baldwin to sign a blank
piece of paper. Afterwards, Irma enters and dupes Baldwin into
recording his voice saying "Parisian women are the most charming I've
ever seen, all right!" Lily Flower brings Baldwin's signature to Mornos
home, and Morno writes out an order (over Baldwin's signature) to pay
Lily Flower $100,000. Mornos gang seize the hotel telephone operator
of Baldwin's hotel; Irma takes her place by using a forged note. When
the bank cashier calls Baldwin to confirm that he has given a very large
draft to an attractive Parisian woman, Irma intercepts the call, and plays
the recording she made of Baldwin's voice, and the cashier is persuaded.
While Lily Flower is taking the money, Mazamette comes in, recognising
her as his old squeeze from the "Happy Shack", and follows her, seeing
her hand the money to a man in a taxi Morno! Morno gives Satanas
the money, but he is given it back as a present. Philipe and Mazamette
capture Lily Flower at her home and make her call Morno and tell him
to come, but when he and Irma arrive they fall into a trap and are
caught by the police.
Episode 8 "The Thunder Master"

Play media

Episode 8 : The Thunder Master (1916)

Oscar-Cloud Mazamette (Marcel Lvesque) dressed as a rag-picker in "The


Thunder Master"

Satanas (Louis Leubas) assembles a bomb in "The Thunder Master".

Irma, sentenced to life imprisonment, has been sent to St. Lazarus


prison. A transfer order is sent to the prison to send Irma to a penal
colony in Algeria. On the day of her departure, Irma finds out that
Morno has been executed. Satanas follows Irmas transportation route,
stopping at a seaside hotel in disguise as a priest. At the port, he gives
some religious comfort to the prisoners, but Irmas copy contains a
secret message saying the ship will blow up and giving her directions
on how to safeguard herself. Satanas destroys the ship with his cannon.
Meanwhile, Philipe finds through the red codebook that the explosive
shell that landed on the Happy Shack came from Montmartre, and
Mazamette goes to investigate. His son, Eustache Mazamette (Ren
Poyen), is sent home from school for bad behaviour, so they go to
"investigate" together. They find some men loading boxes into a house,
and notice one of the top hat cases contains a shell. Later, reading that
no survivors have been found from the exploding ship, Satanas visits
Philipe to avenge Irmas death. Satanas paralyses Phillipe with the
poisoned pin in his glove and leaves a bomb in a top hat to kill him off.
Mazamette arrives and throws the top hat out the window just in time.
At Satanas home, Eustache is used as a ploy to hide Mazamette in a

box, but Satanas sees this through a spy-hole. Satanas threatens


Eustache, but Eustache shoots at Satanas, and the police raid the
building and arrest him. After the action, they find that Mazamettes
nose has been broken by Eustaches shot. Meanwhile, Irma is shown to
have survived the blast on the ship, and is on her way back to Paris as a
stowaway under a train. She is helped by the station staff and police,
pretending that she is in one of those eternal love stories beloved by
popular imagination. She makes her way to the Vampire hangout, the
Howling Cat nightclub, where she performs, and is rapturously greeted
by the Vampires. Upon hearing of the arrest of Satanas, one of the
Vampires, Venomous (Frederik Moriss), appoints himself the new chief.
By Satanas orders, they mail him an envelope containing a poisoned
note, which he eats to commit suicide.
Episode 9 "The Poisoner"

Play media
Episode 9 : The Poisoner (1916)

Venomous (Frederik Moriss) plotting against Philipe in "The Poisoner"

Irma Vep waiting for rescue in "The Poisoner"

Irma is now a devoted collaborator of Venomous, who is set on getting


rid of Philipe and Mazamette. He learns that Philipe is engaged to Jane
Bremontier (Louise Lagrange), and the following day Irma and Lily
Flower rent an apartment above hers. Irmas maid, a Vampire also,
hears that Philipe and Janes engagement party will be catered for by
the famous Bchamel House. Venomous cancels their catering order,
and on the day of the party the Vampires appear instead. Janes mother
(Jeanne Marie-Laurent) gives the concierges one bottle of the Vampires'
champagne as a present, and just as dinner is served the male
concierge, Leon Charlet, drinks it, is poisoned and dies. His wife stops
the party guests from drinking their champagne just in time, and the
Vampires make a hasty escape. A few days later, Mazamette and
Philipes mother pick up Jane and her mother in the night in order to
take them to a safe retreat near Fontainebleau. Irma, who tries to fill
the getaway car with soporific gas, is spotted by Mazamette, but Irma
gasses him, and he is taken away asleep while Irma hides in a box on
the car. Mazamette is dumped on the street and taken to the police
station, believed to be drunk. When he wakens, he calls Philipe to warn
him, but Irma slips out of the box and gets away in the car before
Philipe can catch her. Irma jumps off the car near the Pyramid Hotel,
and calls Venomous to meet her there, but Philipe has also arranged to
meet Mazamette there. Philipe spots Irma at the Pyramid Hotel,
captures her and ties her up. Philipe and Mazamette leave Irma in
Mazamette's car and attempt to ambush Venomous, but Irma honks the
car horn to warn him. Venomous saves Irma and drives off in
Mazamettes car, so Philipe and Mazamette chase him in his. Venomous
leaps off; Philipe chases Venomous on foot, following him onto the top
of a moving train, but Venomous gets away. Mazamette, enraged at the
police for not letting him help Philipe on the train, hits one of the
officers, who arrest him. At the police station, Philipe and Mazamette
carry on so dramatically that the police decide not to book Mazamette,
who is after all a famous philanthropist. But the Vampires are still on the
loose.

Episode 10 "The Terrible Wedding"

Play media
Episode 10 : The Terrible Wedding (1916)

A few months have passed, and Philipe and Jane are now married.
Augustine Charlet (Germaine Rouer), widow of the poisoned concierge,
is hired by the Gurandes to be their chamber maid. Augustine, still
tormented by the mysterious poisoning death of her husband, receives
an advertising circular for a psychic, Madame dAlba of 13 Avenue Junot,
and decides to consult her. Madame dAlba, a Vampire, hypnotises
Augustine and instructs her to unlock the door of Philipes apartment at
2 am. Mazamette, who has taken an attraction to Augustine, awakens
that night and sees her descend the stairs to unlock the door. The
Vampires enter, tie her up, and feed poisonous gas into the Gurandes
room. Mazamette shoots at them and they flee, and Augustine explains
her actions. As they go to the police, Venomous tries to break in
through a bedroom window, but Jane shoots at him. When she looks out
the window she is lassoed down and carried away. At daybreak, the
police raid Avenue Junot; however Irma and Venomous escape through
the roof and a bomb is left behind. Augustine is recaptured by the
Vampires during their escape. Mazamette shoots at the getaway car,
causing an oil leak. Philipe follows the trail to the Vampires lair and
discovers Augustine and Jane, to whom he passes a gun before leaving.
Returning at night, he sets up an escape during the celebration of Irma's
marriage to Venomous. At daybreak, the police prepare for a massive
raid as the party continues. The police burst in and a running gun battle
ensues, ending when the remaining Vampires (save Irma) are driven
out onto the balcony which Philipe earlier rigged and are killed in the
fall. Irma prepares to kill Jane and Augustine, but Jane shoots her dead.
A few days later Mazamette makes a proposal of marriage to Augustine,
which she accepts. The film ends with the two couples (Philipe and Jane,
and Mazamette and Augustine) standing side by side.

Cast

douard Math as Philipe Gurande,


a crack newspaper writer,
investigating the Vampires.
Musidora as Irma Vep, the Vampires'
strategist who carries out many of
the ring's plans.
Marcel Lvesque as Oscar-Cloud
Mazamette, Gurande's friend and
coworker, who is working undercover
for the Vampires.
Jean Aym as the First Grand
Vampire, a master of disguise.
Louis Leubas as Father Silence, a
deaf mute working for the Vampires /
Satanas, the Second Grand Vampire.
Frederik Moriss as Venomous, the
Third Grand Vampire, a chemist
genius.
Fernand Herrmann as Juan-Jos
Morno, head of a ring of crooks rival
to the Vampires. Morno possesses a
hypnotic gaze that he uses to control
people.
Delphine Renot as Mme. Gurande,
Philipe's mother.
Louise Lagrange as Jane Bremontier,
Philipe's fiance and later wife.
Jeanne Marie-Laurent as Mme.
Brmontier, Jane's mother.
Germaine Rouer as Augustine, widow
of a Vampire victim and eventual
fiance of Mazamette.
Ren Poyen as Eustache,
Mazamette's son.
Stacia Napierkowska as Marfa
Koutiloff, a dancer and early love
interest for Philipe

Rita Herlor as Mrs. Simpson,


an American
multimillionaire.
mile Keppens as George
Baldwin, an American
millionaire.
Rene Carl as the
Andalusian.
Suzanne Delv as Lily
Flower (sometimes Fleurde-Lys), an accomplice of
Morno.
Miss dith as Countess de
Kerlor, a Vampire.
Georgette Faraboni as the
Vampire Dancer.
Suzanne Le Bret as
Hortense, Irma's servant.
Maurice Luguet as De
Villemant.
Mademoiselle Maxa as
Laure.
Gaston Michel as Benjamin,
Mazamette's servant.
Laurent Morlas as Grand
Army Officer.
Thels as the Magistrate.
Jacques Feyder as a party
guest.
Franoise Rosay as a party
guest.

Production

The Forest of Fontainebleau was chosen as a filming location.


Development and writing

The genre of crime serial was popular and prolific at the time, and
Feuillade had had a big success with his previous work, the serial
Fantmas.[8] It is suspected that production of Les Vampires started
when Gaumont learned that rival company Path had acquired the rights
to release the serial The Mysteries of New York,[8] known in America as
The Exploits of Elaine,[9] and felt they had to fend off competition.
Another American serial, The Perils of Pauline, had become massively
popular since the release of Fantmas.[10]
The idea of the criminal gang was possibly inspired by the Bonnot Gang,
a highly advanced anarchist group who had a high-profile crime spree in
Paris during 19111912.[4] Feuillade wrote the script himself, but did it
in a very simplistic way, usually writing the premise and relying on the
actors to fill in the details. Later episodes were more scripted,
however.[11] It is also inconsistent at points; for example, in "Satanas"
Morno orders one of his accomplices to search Mazamette's apartment,
but the incident is never heard of or mentioned again. The style has
been compared to that of a pulp magazine (which it was later serialized
as.) In an essay on the film, Fabrice Zagury stated "...Feuillade's
narrative seldom originates from principles of cause and effect... Rather
it unwinds following labyrinthine and spiral-shaped paths."[9] None of the
episodes employ the cliffhanger mechanic,[12] popularised by The Perils
of Pauline. The cast chosen were mostly new to Feuillade, the only
recurring actors from Fantmas being extras.

Filming and editing

The film was mostly shot on location in Paris, and is said to have been
strenuous, some actors having to leave due to the wartime efforts.[3] It
was shot inexpensively, evidenced by the utilization of painted flats for
doors and re-use of furniture in the films sets[13] and its reliance on
stock footage for more elaborate shots such as a ferry exploding in "The
Thunder Master". The episodes were also produced very quickly;
estimations have been made that there would have been a three- to
four-month period between the filming of an episode and the release.[14]
Feuillade makes little use of popular cinematic techniques, most of the
film consisting of long takes with stationary cameras with the occasional
use of a close up to show plot details such as photos or letters. This was
done to give the film a more "real look".[3] Due to a lack of scripting by
Feuillade many of the scenes were improvised on the days of
shooting.[8] Musidora, a former acrobat, did all her own stunts.[1] Work
on the film was done at the same time as of his later serial Judex.[9]
The film employs tinting to describe the lighting: amber for daylight
interiors, green for daylight exteriors, blue for night and dark scenes
and lavender for low-lit areas (such as nightclubs or dawn). It is noted
for its length, just under 400 minutes, and is considered one of the
longest films ever made.[1] At the time of its release it was the second
longest film ever made, behind the 1914 Christian film The Photo-Drama
of Creation (480 mins.)[15]

Release

The frontispiece of the novelization of the episode "The Thunder Master",


depicting Oscar-Cloud Mazamette with a broken nose

Les Vampires was serialised in French cinemas as ten episodes of

differing length, the first two appearing on 13 November 1915 and the
last on 30 June 1916.[1] The film was first shown in Mexico on 24 May
1917 and made its dbut in the USA at the 1965 New York Film
Festival.[1]
Despite World War I limiting the audience for the film (unlike Feuillade's
earlier work Fantmas) it was a huge success in France, massively
outshining the original competition from Path and the serial The
Mysteries of New York.[8] Much of the film's success is said to have been
from the inclusion of Musidora as the antagonist Irma Vep, who fit well
with the archetypes of "vamp" and "femme fatale",[16] often being
compared to Theda Bara.[17] The police force, however, condemned the
series for its apparent glorification of crime and dubious morality.[8]
Some of the episodes were temporarily banned,[18] but these bans were
retracted after a personal appeal from Musidora.[19]
A 7-volume novelization of Les Vampires by Feuillade and George Meirs
was published in 1916 by Tallandier (as 4 paperbacks followed by 3
magazine-size issues).[4]
Promotion

Early advertising for Les Vampires was done mysteriously; in November


1915, the walls of Paris were plastered with street posters that depicted
three masked faces with a question mark as a noose, and the questions
"Qui? Quoi? Quand? O?" ("Who? What? When? Where?") to
advertise the first two episodes (released on the same day). Subsequent
posters were made for the later episodes. The morning newspapers
printed the following poem:

Des nuits sans lune ils sont les Rois, les tnbres sont leur empire.
Portant la mort, semant l'effroi. Voici le vol noir des Vampires.
Gorgs de sang, visqueux et lourds. Ils vont, les sinistres Vampires
aux grandes ailes de velours non pas vers le Mal... Vers le Pire![20]

English Translation:

Of the moonless nights they are kings, darkness is their kingdom.


Carrying death and sowing terror, the dark Vampires fly with great
suede wings, ready not only to do evil... but to do even worse![21]

Home media

On 16 May 2000, the film was released on DVD in the USA by Image
Entertainment on two discs, with music by Robert Israel. Additional
features to this version are the short films For the Children (a wartime
fundraiser starring the cast of Les Vampires) and Bout de Zan and the
Shirker (a comedy featuring Ren Poyen), as well as a supplementary
essay on the film "The Public Is My Master" by Fabrice Zagury. Gaumont
released a special French restored edition On 22 March 2006. Containing
4 discs, it also includes a documentary on Feuillade titled Louis Feuillade
at Work, a featurette on the serials restoration and a 32-page booklet.
On 24 March 2008 Artificial Eye released a 3 disc UK edition, which
includes five short films and a new musical accompaniment by ric le
Guen. On 14 August 2012 a Blu-ray Disc version was released by Kino
International on two discs, remastered from the Cinmathque
Franaise 35mm film restoration, with a musical score by the Mont Alto
Motion Picture Orchestra and a trailer for Fantmas.[13][22]

Critical reception

Musidora in a publicity still for Les Vampires, wearing her iconic black bodysuit.
Her performance as Irma Vep has been singled out for praise by critics.
Contemporary

Les Vampires, like other Feuillade crime serials, was generally despised

by critics of the time. A reviewer for the magazine Hebdo-Film said:


"That a man of talent, an artist, as the director of most of the great

films which have been the success and glory of Gaumont, starts again to
deal with this unhealthy genre [the crime film], obsolete and
condemned by all people of taste, remains for me a real problem."[3]
Vilified by those who wished to elevate the cultural status of film in
France,[23] the film was criticised for being "old-fashioned and
inartistic",[3] lacking the artistry of films such as The Birth of a Nation by
D. W. Griffith, also first released in 1915. Feuillade, conscious of his
film's lack of appeal to critics, once said "A film is not a sermon nor a
conference, even less a rebus, but a means to entertain the eyes and
the spirit."[24] However, it did receive some underground praise, French
poets Andr Breton and Louis Aragon calling it "the reality of this
century. Beyond fashion. Beyond taste."[10]
Re-evaluation

Since its original release, some critics, among them Richard Abel, Noel
Burch, Francis Lacassin, Annette Michelson, and Richard Roud, have reinterpreted the film.[3] It is now arguably Feuillade's most famous work,
and his most critically revered. Rotten Tomatoes reports 100% approval
among 14 critics.[25] While Math and Lvesque as the leads have been
called pallid and hammy respectively, many critics have praised
Musidora for her performance, being described as acting with
"voluptuous vitality".[7] In 1987 film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum called it
"one of the supreme delights of film."[26] In 2003, Slant Magazine gave
it four stars, calling it "remarkably attuned to the morality of the time"
and "exhilarating".[24] It also noted "...its Machiavellan reflection of a
complacent bourgeois order on the brink of collapse makes this realist
master-work".[24] In a later review, for the 2012 Blu-ray Disc version,
the magazine gave further praise to the film, commenting on the film's
stripped down, proto-thriller execution, giving it a highly modern nature,
as well as its surreal disorder, stating that at times "the film's fidelity to
realism seems to halt in mid-somersault, with blood rushing to its
brain."[22] Time Out gave the film 5 stars, but did note that "if shown, as
it often is, in one great unnatural marathon, it can be sheer torture."[27]
Glenn Erickson of DVD Savant gave a highly positive review, highlighting
its graphic approach to sensuality and violence.[28] Jamie S. Rich of DVD
Talk also gave a positive review, summarizing that "Les Vampires is a
real treat. It's pulp fiction brought to life on a cinema screen, [with]
over six hours of colorful criminals, wooden do-gooders, and outrageous
acts of malice and evil." He also added, however, that the length of the
film and out-dated aesthetics are the film's downfall.[29] Josh Hurtado of
Twitch Film called it a "six and a half hour joyride of thrilling cinema,"[30]
while Sean Axmaker, writing for Turner Classic Movies called it "a

strange and wonderful masterpiece of elegant beauty and cinematic


surprises."[31] Rianne Hill Soriano of Yahoo! Movies said that "for its
historical and cinematic contexts as one of the most instrumental works
in the evolution of filmmaking both as an art form and an industry, Les
Vampires is a valuable addition to a cinephile's movie collection."[32]
The popularity of Les Vampires among audiences is somewhat lesser;
the film holds an IMDb score of 6.8/10.[1]
Accolades

In 2002, the film came out joint 30th on the Sight and Sound 'Critics'
Top Ten Poll' and 78th on The Village Voice's '250 Best Films of the 20th
Century' list.[33] In 2010, The Guardian named it the 25th 'Greatest
Horror Film of All Time.[34] It is included in the books AFI Desk
Reference, National Society of Film Critics' 100 Essential Films, 1000
Essential Films, The Village Voice Film Guide[33] and 1001 Movies You
Must See Before You Die.[7]

Aftermath

A modern tribute to Musidora and the film on a rapid-transit by a street artist.

Musidora saw a noticeable raise in her public profile after the film's
release, becoming a star of French cinema. She was able to concentrate
her career on directing and writing her own films. douard Math and
Marcel Lvesque enjoyed lengthy film careers as a result of their
performances.[35] The three leads, as well as many other cast members,
were re-cast by Feuillade to appear in his other serials such as Judex,
Tih Minh, Barrabas and Parisette.

Legacy

The film is said to have established the genre of crime thriller, creating
cinematic thriller techniques used later by Alfred Hitchcock and Fritz
Lang.[5] The use of gadgetry such as canons and bombs was also
adopted by Lang in films such as Dr. Mabuse the Gambler and The
Spiders.[11] It is also said to have inspired experimental filmmakers such
as Luis Buuel and French New Wave directors such as Alain Resnais
and Georges Franju.[8] Some have called it an early example of a
gangster film.[18]
Olivier Assayas' 1996 movie Irma Vep, with a story line of a director's
attempt to remake Les Vampires, is both an homage to the innovative
nature of the original film and a critique of the then current state of
French cinema. The play The Mystery of Irma Vep is also inspired by the
film, as is the Brazilian adaptation Irma Vep She's Back![36]

Les Vampires is referenced in the 1974 French film Celine and Julie Go
Boating, where the title characters dress in costumes resembling Irma
Vep's black bodysuit, and the 2009 war film Inglourious Basterds, where
advertising posters can be seen in an office.[1] The dbut self-titled
album by American punk group Black Lips features an image of Irma
Vep as the album cover. French electronic music duo Chteau Flight
released a soundtrack to the film in 2006.[37]

See also

Fantmas
Judex

Apache
List of film serials
List of film serials by studio
List of longest films by running time
List of films in the public domain in the United States

References
Les Vampires at the Internet Movie Database
"Les Vampires 9: The Poisoner 1916". The Devil's Manor. Retrieved
2012-07-18.
3. "The Innovators 19101920: Detailing The Impossible". Sight and
Sound. April 1999. Retrieved 2012-05-18.
4. "Les Vampires, Musidora and the Vamp World of the Forgotten Original
Goths". 2007. Retrieved 2012-05-18.
5. "Les Vampires (Serial)". MTV. Retrieved 2012-05-18.
1.
2.

6. "Vintage Powder Room "Fair Sex"". 20 Mar 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-

09.
7. Schneider, Stephen Jay (April 10, 2010). 1001 Movies You Must See
Before You Die. Octopus Publishing Group, London. pp. 2627.
ISBN 9781844036905. Retrieved 2012-09-23.
8. "Les Vampires (1915) Film Review". Films De France. 2002. Retrieved
2012-05-18.
9. "Les Vampires 6: The Eyes That Fascinate 1916". The Devil's Manor.
Retrieved 2012-07-18.
10. "LES VAMPIRES". Film Reference. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
11. "Les Vampires 7: Satanas 1916". The Devil's Manor. Retrieved 201207-18.
12. Rubin, Martin. 1999. Thrillers. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University
Press. p. 55. ISBN 0521581834.
13. "Les Vampires (19151916)". Silent Era. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
14. "Les Vampires 8: The Thunder Master 1916". The Devil's Manor.

Retrieved 2012-07-19.
15. The Photo-Drama of Creation at the Internet Movie Database
16. "The French World Newton Universe Les Vampires". Retrieved 201207-09.
17. "Les Vampires 3: The Red Cryptogram 1915". The Devil's Manor.
Retrieved 2012-07-18.
18. "Les Vampires". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-05-18.
19. "Les Vampires 4: The Spectre 1916". The Devil's Manor. Retrieved
2012-07-18.
20. Patrice Gauthier, Francis Lacassin: Louis Feuillade. Matre du cinma
populaire. Paris: Gallimard 2006, S. 68.
21. Werner Faulstich, Helmut Korte (Compiladores): Cien Aos de Cine
18951924, Siglo XXI, Mxico 2006
22. "Movie Review Les Vampires (2012)". Slant. 2012-08-16. Retrieved
2012-10-23.
23. "Sequels, Series, and Remakes Serials". Film reference. Retrieved
2012-07-09.
24. "Movie Review Les Vampires". Slant. 2003-05-09. Retrieved 2012-0709.
25. "Les Vampires (1915)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
26. Rosenbaum, Jonathan (1987-10-09). "Featured Texts Les Vampires".
Retrieved 2012-10-23.
27. "Les Vampires (1915) Movie review From Time Out Film Guide". Time
Out. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
28. Erickson, Glenn (2012-09-16). "Les Vampires Savant Blu-ray Review".
DVD Savant. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
29. Rich, Jamie (2012-09-19). "Blu-ray Reviews Les Vampires: 2-Disc
Kino Classics Edition (Blu-ray)". DVD Talk. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
30. Hurtado, Josh (2012-08-12). "Blu-ray Review: LES VAMPIRES Still
Knocks 'Em Dead". Twitch Film. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
31. Axmaker, Sean. "Louis Feuillade's LES VAMPIRES Restored by the
Cinematheque Francaise". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2012-10-23.

32. Hill Soriano, Rianne (2012-08-16). "Blu-ray Review: 'Les Vampires'".

Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 2012-10-23.


33. "Les Vampires". Films101. Retrieved 2012-05-19.
34. "The 25 best horror films of all time: the full list". The Guardian. 22
October 2010. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
35. "Les Vampires (Part 10: Les Noces Sanglantes): conclusion to an
intelligent action-thriller serial". Under Southern Eyes. Retrieved 201207-18.
36. "Les Vampires 10: The Bloody Wedding 1916". The Devil's Manor.
Retrieved 2012-07-19.
37."Chteau Flight Les Vampires at Discogs". Retrieved 2012-10-23.

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Les Vampires.

Les Vampires at the Internet Movie Database


Les Vampires is available for free download at the Internet Archive
o Episode 1 The Severed Head
o Episode 2 The Ring That Kills
o Episode 3 The Red Codebook
o Episode 4 The Spectre
o Episode 5 Dead Man's Escape
o Episode 6 Hypnotic Eyes
o Episode 7 Satanus
o Episode 8 The Thunder master
o Episode 9 The Poisoner
o Episode 10 The Terrible Wedding

Films directed by Louis Feuillade

A Roman Orgy
Fantmas
Les Vampires
Bout de Zan et l'embusqu
Judex
Tih Minh
Barrabas
Parisette

Categories:

French films
French silent films
French crime thriller films
Films directed by Louis Feuillade
Film serials
French crime films
French black-and-white films
1915 films
1916 films
1910s crime films
Gangster films

This page was last modified on 6 November 2016, at 08:48.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Vampires

douard Math

douard Math in Les Vampires (1915)


Born

1886
Courbevoie

Died

1934
Belgium

Occupation

actor

Years active

19141925

douard Math (18861934) was a French silent film actor.


He starred in some 51 films between 1914 and 1924.
He appeared Barabbas in 1920. He regularly appeared in films directed
by Louis Feuillade, such as the 1915 Les Vampires serial, the 1916
Judex serial, Tih Minh in 1918 and Parisette in 1921.
He died in Brussels in 1934.

Selected filmography

The Two Boys (1924)

External links

douard Math at the Internet Movie Database

Categories:

1886 births
1934 deaths
French male film actors
French male silent film actors
20th-century French male actors
French film actor stubs

This page was last modified on 27 August 2016, at 13:55.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89douard_Math%C3%A9

Musidora
For the thoroughbred racehorse, see Musidora (horse). For the hamlet in
Canada, see Musidora, Alberta. For the painting by William Etty, see Musidora:
The Bather 'At the Doubtful Breeze Alarmed'.

Musidora

Musidora in a publicity still

Born

Jeanne Roques
23 February 1889
Paris, France

Died

11 December 1957 (aged 68)


Paris, France

Occupation Actress, director, writer


Years active 19091950
Spouse(s) Dr. Clment Marot (19271944)

Jeanne Roques (23 February 1889 11 December 1957), better known


by her stage name Musidora, was a French actress, film director and
writer. She is best known for her acting in silent films, and rose to public
attention for roles in the Louis Feuillade serials Les Vampires as Irma
Vep and in Judex as Marie Verdier. Her vamp persona has been
compared with that of Theda Bara.[1]

Contents

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Early life
Stardom
Other works
Later life
Personal life
Selected filmography
References
External links

Early life
Born Jeanne Roques in Paris, France and raised by a feminist mother
and socialist father, Musidora began her career in the arts at an early
age, writing her first novel at the age of fifteen and acting on the stage
with the likes of Colette, one of her lifelong friends. During the very
early years of French cinema Musidora began a professional
collaboration with the highly successful French film director Louis
Feuillade. But her first movie was Les miseres de l'aiguille, directed by
Raphael Clamour in January 1914.
Adopting the moniker of Musidora (Greek for "gift of the muses"), after
the heroine in Thophile Gautier's novel Fortunio,[2] and affecting a
unique vamp persona that would be popularized in the United States of
America by actress Theda Bara at about the same time, Musidora soon
found a foothold in the nascent medium of moving pictures. With her
heavily kohled dark eyes, somewhat sinister make-up, pale skin and
exotic wardrobes, Musidora quickly became a highly popular and
instantly recognizable presence of European cinema.

Stardom

Musidora as the character "Irma Vep" in the 19151916 serial Les Vampires

Beginning in 1915, Musidora began appearing in the hugely successful


Feuillade-directed serial Les Vampires as Irma Vep (an anagram of
"vampire"), a cabaret singer, opposite douard Math as crusading
journalist Philippe Guerande. Contrary to the title, Les Vampires was not
actually about vampires, but about a criminal gang-cum-secret society
inspired by the exploits of the real-life Bonnot Gang. Vep, besides
playing a leading role in the Vampires' crimes, also spends two episodes
under the hypnotic control of Moreno, a rival criminal who makes her his
lover and induces her to assassinate the Grand Vampire.
The somewhat surreal series was an immediate success with French
cinema-goers and ran in 10 installments until 1916. After the Les
Vampires serial, Musidora starred as Diana Monti in Judex, another
popular Feuillade serial filmed in 1916 but delayed for release until 1917
because of the outbreak of World War I. Though not intended to be
avant-garde, Les Vampires and Judex have been lauded by critics as the
birth of avant-garde cinema and cited by filmmakers as Fritz Lang and
Luis Buuel as being extremely influential in their desires to become
directors.

Other works
As well as acting, Musidora became a film producer and director under
the tutelage of her mentor, Louis Feuillade. Between the late 1910s and
early 1920s, she directed ten films, all of which are lost with the
exception of two: 1922's Soleil et Ombre and 1924's La Terre des
Taureaux, both of which were filmed in Spain. In Italy, she produced
and directed La Flamme Cachee based on the work of her friend Colette.
At a time when many women in the film industry were relegated to
acting, Musidora achieved a degree of success as a producer and
director.

Later life

A graffiti mural on a rapid-transit in tribute to Musidora.

After her career as an actress faded, she focused on writing and


producing. Her last film was an homage to her mentor Feuillade entitled
La Magique Image in 1950, which she both directed and starred in. Late
in her life she would occasionally work in the ticket booth of the
Cinematheque Francaisefew patrons realized that the older woman in
the foyer might be starring in the film they were watching. Musidora
died in Paris, France in 1957 and was laid to rest in the Cimetire de
Bois-le-Roi.[3]

Personal life
Musidora married Dr. Clment Marot on 20 April 1927. The union lasted
15 years and produced one child, Clment Marot Jr. The couple divorced
in 1944.

Selected filmography

The Jackals (1917)


Mademoiselle Chiffon (1919)

References
1. http://www.chicagoreader.com/movies/archives/0697/06137.html
2. "Musidora". Find a Grave. 25 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
3. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8991394

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musidora.

Musidora at the Internet Movie Database


Musidora at the Women Film Pioneers Project
Musidora at Find a Grave
Spirited Women in History at the Wayback Machine (archived 30 August
2005)
Article on Les Vampires series

Categories:

1889 births
1957 deaths
20th-century French actresses
Actresses from Paris
Burials at Montmartre Cemetery
French women film directors
Film directors from Paris
French film actresses
French film directors
French silent film actresses
French stage actresses

This page was last modified on 7 October 2016, at 01:41.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musidora

Marcel Lvesque

Marcel Lvesque in the 1916 serial Les Vampires

Marcel Lvesque (6 December 1877 16 February 1962) was a French


film actor.
Born Joseph Marcel Lvesque in Paris, he died in Couilly-Pont-auxDames.

Selected filmography

Judex (1916)
La dama de Chez Maxim's (1923)
Take Care of Amelia (1925)
Floretta and Patapon (1927)
Le Crime de Monsieur Lange (1936)
La Nuit fantastique (1942)

External links

Marcel Lvesque at the Internet Movie Database

Categories:

1877 births
1962 deaths
French male film actors
French male silent film actors
Male actors from Paris
20th-century French male actors
French actor stubs

This page was last modified on 21 May 2016, at 19:48.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcel_L%C3%A9vesque

Louis Feuillade

Born

19 February 1873
Lunel, France

Died

25 February 1925 (aged 52)


Nice, France

Occupation

Film director, screenwriter, film


producer, journalist, poet

Years active 19051925


Known for Fantmas, Les Vampires
Spouse(s) Jeanne-Leontine Jaujou

Louis Feuillade (French: [fjad]; 19 February 1873 25 February 1925)


was a prolific and prominent French film director from the silent era.
Between 1906 and 1924 he directed over 630 films.[1] [2]
He is primarily known for the serials Fantmas, Les Vampires and Judex.

Contents

1
2
3
4
5
6

Early life and career


Serial films and fame
Partial filmography
See also
References
External links

Early life and career


Feuillade was born in Lunel (Hrault) to Barthlmy Feuillade, a modest
wine merchant, and Marie Avesque. Just beyond adolescence, he
showed a deep interest in literature and created numerous drama and
vaudeville projects. His excessively academic poems were occasionally
published in local newspapers, and he acquired a reputation for his
articles devoted to bullfighting. At twelve he was sent by his parents to
a Catholic seminary in Carcassonne, which has been credited for his
gothic stylization in his later career. His biographer Francis Lacssin has
suggested that "the strange, surrealist flashes of anarchy which spark
through the work of this pillar of society can only be explained as some
sort of unconscious revolt to which he gave rein in his dreams that is
to say, in his films."[3] He then began his compulsory military service in
1891 until 1895, when he married Jeanne-Leontine Jaujou on 31
October 1895. After the deaths of his parents, he went to Paris in 1902
seeking literary success, but would suffer miserably for several years.
At the beginning of 1905, he started to submit screenplays to Gaumont,
and Gaumont's artistic director Alice Guy-Blach both bought his scripts
and invited Feuillade to direct them himself. Concerned about his
financial difficulties and family to support, Feuillade declined the
directing job in order to continue working as a journalist. At his
suggestion Guy-Blach hired tienne Arnaud to direct Feuillade's early
screenplays at Gaumont. But by 1906 he had gained enough confidence
to start directing his own scripts, which were mostly comedies. In 1907
Guy-Blach moved to the United States and upon her suggestion
Feuillade was made Artistic Director of Gaumont. He would work for
Gaumont until 1918, while at the same time producing his own films, so
that by 1925, the year of his death, he estimated that he had made
around 800 films. (At the time he started in cinema, a film rarely lasted
more than ten minutes). He made films of all typestrick films at the
beginning, modeled on those of the great Mlis, comedies, bourgeois
dramas, historical or biblical dramas, mysteries and exotic adventures
but he is remembered best for his serial films.

Serial films and fame

Scene from Fantmas

The Fantmas serial in 1913 was his first masterpiece, the result of a
long apprenticeshipduring which the series with realistic ambitions,
Life as it is, played a major role. It is also the first masterpiece in what
the modern critic, from both a literary and a cinematographic point of
view, would later call "the fantastic realism" or the "social fantastic".

Musidora as Irma Vep in Les Vampires

He is credited with developing many of the thriller techniques used


famously by Fritz Lang, Alfred Hitchcock, and others.

Partial filmography

1906 The Magnitized Man, Le Coup de vent, Le Th chez la concierge


1907 Tea at the Porter's House (Le Th chez la concierge) (the oldest of
his films that survives)
1908 The Legend of the Spinner (La Lgende de la fileuse) (film with
tricks, Mlis style)
1910-13 "Baby" serial: Baby Apache (Bb Apache) - 1911 (Series of
comedies performed by a 4-year-old child, the little Clment Mary, later
Ren Dary - around 90 short films).
1911 Heliogabale (ancient drama)[4]

1911-12 Serial Life as it is: The Defect (La vie telle qu'elle est: la Tare) 1911 (dramas and realistic comedies - 14 films)
1913-14 Series of Fantmas (Mystery drama - 5 films)
1913-14 Series of Bout de Zan: Bout de Zan steals an elephant (Bout de
Zan vole un lphant) - 1913 (This serial, performed by the little Ren
Poyen, replaces the Bb serial - 62 short films)
1913-14 Series The funny Life: The Jocond (La vie drle: le Jocond)
(vaudevilles - 5 films)
1915 The Vampires (Les Vampires) (10 episodes) Bout de Zan et

l'embusqu (Bout de Zan and the shirker)


1916 Judex (12 episodes)
1918 Vendemiaire (Rural drama during the First-World-War - in 2 parts)
1918 Tih Minh (12 episodes)
1919 Barrabas (12 episodes)
1921-22 Good Mood: Seraphin or the Naked Legs (Belle Humeur:

Seraphin ou les jambes nues) - 1921 (vaudevilles - 5 films)


1922 Parisette (12 episodes)
1923 Vindicta (5 stages)

See also

Irma Vep

Marthe Vinot
Georges Denola
Julien Duvivier

References
1. Louis Feuillade at the Internet Movie Database
2. Louis Feuillade, Kinotv.com
3. Wakeman, John. World Film Directors, Volume 1. The H.W. Wilson
Company. 1987. 319-325.
4. On this movie, see A. D'Hautcourt, "Peinture ou Thtre? Louis
Feuillade, Hliogabale et le cinma franais en 1911", The review of
inquiry and research 84, 2006

External links

Louis Feuillade Detailing the impossible - An article by Vicki Callahan in


Sight and Sound magazine.
Louis Feuillade at the Internet Movie Database

Categories:

1873 births
1925 deaths
Cinema pioneers
French film directors
French screenwriters
Male screenwriters
Horror film directors
People from Lunel
Silent film directors
French male writers

This page was last modified on 22 September 2016, at 09:00.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Feuillade

Centres d'intérêt liés