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(Born in Kefar Malal, 1928) Israeli military and politician,

representative of the rightist Likud party and prime minister of Israel


between 2001 and 2006.
His parents, Samuel and Vera Scheinerman, Russian Jews emigrated to
Palestine and from Zionist father (Zionism is a nationalist political movement
of Jews and Jewish culture that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish
homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel)
14 years was enlisted in Paramilitary Battalion of Juventudes.
1948: Becomes commander in Israeli army from its inception, participating in
the war of independence
1953: Prime minister David Ben-Gurion chooses 24-year-old Sharon to head
new elite commando squad called Unit 101
October 1953: Sharon's commandos attack Qibya in Jordan and kill 69
residents, including women and children. Many historians feel the raid
contributed to the Suez crisis three years later
1956: Brigade led by Sharon captures strategic Mitla Pass during Suez war.
Later criticised for disobeying orders and recklessly endangering soldiers' lives
during operation
June 1967: Major-General Sharon retakes Mitla Pass and Abu Agheila during
six-day war
1970-71: Crushes dissent in occupied Gaza by relocating 160,000 refugees,
killing 100 Palestine Liberation Organisation suspects, and arresting another
700
October 1973: Called back to active duty for Yom Kippur war. Claims he
turned tide of war by crossing the Suez canal, trapping the Egyptian 3rd army
and winning the largest tank battle since Kursk in 1943. Relieved of duty in
February 1974
December 1973: Becomes Knesset member for capitalist Liberal party
1975: Appointed security adviser to Labour prime minister Yitzhak Rabin
1977: Forms Shlomtzion political party, which wins two seats in 1977 elections.
Merges party with Likud, and becomes minister of agriculture
1981: Appointed minister of defence after narrow Likud win in elections, and
starts planning to alter regional map

June 1982: Launches Operation Peace for Galilee, later known as the first
Lebanon war
February 1983: Resigns as minister of defence and forbidden from holding
post again after being found personally responsible for deaths of 800 and 3,500
Palestinians respectively in Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in Beirut. The
killings led to some labelling Sharon as 'the butcher of Beirut'
1983: Appointed minister without portfolio.
governments, holding a variety of posts

Remains

in

successive

October 1998: As newly appointed foreign minister, astounds acolytes by


signing the Wye River agreement, which granted Palestinians control over
another 13% of the West Bank
May 1999: Netanyahu loses national elections. Sharon assumes party
leadership and becomes head of opposition
September 2000: Visits Jerusalem's Temple Mount with "message of peace"
and 1,000 armed police, prompting Palestinian uprising
February 2001: Comfortably defeats Labour incumbent Ehud Barak in Israel's
last direct prime ministerial elections
2002: Suicide bombings prompt Sharon to reoccupy Palestinian cities
January 2003: Likud party wins a resounding victory in elections for the
Knesset, and Sharon is returned as prime minister
April 2003: America releases "roadmap to peace", which Sharon accepts,
despite some objections. He commits Israel to withdraw from West Bank cities
and release more Palestinian prisoners
August 2005: Dismantles all Jewish settlements in Gaza amid fierce protests.
Decision dismays Israeli right, who feel he has betrayed the Greater Land of
Israel cause.
November 2005: Resigns from Likud and dissolves parliament to create new
centrist party from scratch called Kadima ("forward" in Hebrew)
January 4, 2006, when he wanted to be reelected, he suffered an acute stroke
that left him in a coma for eight years until he died on January 9, 2014 at 85.