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CHM

ACS

111

COLLEGE

FINAL

EXAM

CHEMISTRY

PRACTICE

II

SHEET

1. Atomic Structure
A. Which statement is true ?
1. Protons and neutrons are relatively heavy, but occupy relatively little
volume.
2. Electrons are relatively heavy, but occupy relatively little volume.
3. Protons and neutrons are relatively heavy, and occupy a relatively large
volume.
4. Electrons are relatively heavy, and occupy a relatively large volume.
B. Which of the following could be an isotope of the element X, represented by
14
7 X ?
1.

14

2.

15

3.

15

4.

14

Si

C. Which of the following has the highest second ionization energy ?


1. Na

2. Ca

3. Ba

4. Al

D. Which of the following has the smallest atomic radius ?


1. Na

2. K

3. Mg

4. Ar

E. Which of the following has the largest electronegativity ?


1. K

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2. Br

3. Kr

4. I

CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

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2. Molecular Structure
A. Which of the following molecules exhibits resonance?
1. NH3

2. CH4

3. NBr3

B. The Lewis diagram for BrF3 is :

4. SO3
.. ..
..
: F : Br : F :
.. ..
..
: F :
..

so that the molecular structure of BrF3 is a :


1. trigonal bipyramid

2. trigonal pyramid

3. square pyramid

4. T-shape.

C. The bond angle for a trigonal planar electron-pair geometry is :


1.

90.

2.

120.

3.

180.

4.

109.5.

D. Which of the following molecules has no dipole moment ?


1.

Cl Be Cl

2. H O
\
H

3.

H
|
N
/ \
H H

4.

N = N = 0

3. Chemical Formulas and Reactions


A. Which of the following elements forms an acidic oxide ?
1. Na

2. Ca

3. Fe

4. C

B. Which of the following elements forms an oxide X2O3, and a phosphate XPO4 ?
1. Na

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2. Ca

3. Al

4. C

CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

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C. The percentage composition of tartaric acid is :


C = 32.0%,

H = 4.0%,

O = 64.0%.

Which of the following is a possible molecular formula ?


(Atomic weights: C = 12.0, H = 1.0, O = 16.0)
1. C2H4O4

2. CH12O12

3. C4H6O6

4. CH2O4

D. The chemical name of H2S(aq) is :


1. dihydrogen monosulfide.

2.hydrogen sulfate.

3. hydrosulfuric acid.

4. hydrogen sulfide.

4. Stoichiometry
A. How many grams of chlorine can be produced from the complete reaction of
100 g of MnO2 ?
MnO2

4 HCl

MnCl2 +

Cl2

2 H2O

(Atomic weights: Mn = 54.9, O = 16.0, Cl = 35.5)


1. 40.7 g

2. 81.7 g

3. 123 g

4. 6.16 x 105 g

B. What mass of oxygen is needed for complete combustion of 100 g of butane ?


2 C4H10 +

13 O2

(Molecular weights:
1. 11 g

8 CO2

10 H2O

C4H10 = 58.0, O2 = 32.0, CO2 = 44.0, H2O = 18.0)

2. 179 g

3. 359 g

4. 494 g

C. How much of the excess reactant remains when 90 g of SO2 reacts with 100 g
of O2 in the reaction :
2 SO2

O2

(Molecular weights:
1. 11.5 g

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2 SO3
SO2 = 64.1, O2 = 32.0, SO3 = 80.1)

2. 22.5 g

3. 67.5 g

4. 77.5 g

CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

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5. Solutions
A. What is the concentration of NaCl in 0.50 L of aqueous solution which
contains 96 g of NaCl ?
(Molecular weight:
1. 3.3 M

NaCl = 58.5)

2. 0.03 M

3. 1.2 M

4. 1.6 M

B. A precipitate will form from an aqueous solution of Ca(NO 3)2 upon the
addition of :
1. HCl.

2. HNO3.

3. H2SO4.

4. FeCl3.

C. Which of the following is least soluble in water ?


1. C2H5OH

2. NaCl

3. NH3

4. Br2

D. Gases are most soluble in water at :


1.
2.
3.
4.

high pressure and high temperature.


high pressure and low temperature.
low pressure and high temperature.
low pressure and low temperature.

E. What volume of 1.0 M nitric acid would be required to make 2.0 L of


0.40 M nitric acid ?
1. 0.2 L

2. 0.5 L

3. 0.8 L

4. 1.2 L

6. Acid-Base Reactions
A. Which of the following is a product of the reaction between acetic acid,
CH3COOH, and potassium hydroxide ?
1. CH3COOH

2. CH3COOH

3. KCH3COO

4. K2CO3

B. When ammonia is dissolved in water, which reaction takes place ?


1.
2.
3.
4.

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NH3
NH3
NH3
NH3

(g)+
(g)+
(g)+
(g)+

H 2O
H 2O
H 2O
H 2O

(l)
(l)
(l)
(l)

H3O+1 (aq) +
NH3O (aq) +
NH4+1 (aq) +
NH2OH (aq)

NH21 (aq)
H2 (g)
OH1 (aq)
+ H2 (g)

CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

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C. The pH of a 0.01 M KOH solution at 25 C is :


1. 2.0.

2. 7.0.

3. 10.0.

4. 12.0.

D. What is the pH of a buffered solution containing 0.25 M benzoic acid,


C6H5COOH, (KA = 6.5 x 105) and 0.15 M sodium benzoate, NaC 6H5CO2 ?
1. 3.40

2. 3.97

3. 4.19

4. 4.83

3. H3PO4.

4. H2PO41.

E. The conjugate acid of HPO42 is :


1. H2PO42.

2. PO43.

7. Equilibrium
A. An equilibrium mixture for the reaction

2 H2S (g)

2 H2 (g)

S2 (g)

was found to contain 1.0 moles of H2S, 4.0 moles of H2, and 0.80 moles of S2 in
a 4.0 liter vessel. The value of the equilibrium constant for this reaction
is :
1. 0.64.

2. 0.8.

3. 1.6.

4. 3.2.

B. What is the consequence of increasing the volume of the following equilibrium


system ?
CH4 (g)
1.
2.
3.
4.

The
The
The
The

2 O2 (g)

CO2 (g) +

2 H2O (l)

partial pressure of CH4 will increase.


concentration of CO2 will increase.
equilibrium constant will increase.
concentration of H2O will decrease.

8. Thermodynamics
A. If the values of S are SO3 = 256.2 J/K mol, H2O = 69.9 J/K mol, and
H2SO4 = 156.9 J/K mol, the value of S for the reaction
SO3

H2O

1. 169.2 J/K mol.

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H2SO4

is :

2. 29.4 J/K mol.

3. 29.4 J/K mol.

4. 169.2 J/K mol.

CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

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B. Is the order of S values for the reactions


CH4 (g) +
H2O (g)

CO (g)
+
C (s) + O2 (g)

CO2 (g)
2 H2O2 (l)

2 H2O (l) +
O2 (g)

(a)
(b)
(c)

3 H2 (g)

1. a > b > c ?
2. a > c > b ?
3. c > b > a ?
C. A spontaneous reaction will never occur when :
1.
2.
3.
4.

H
H
H
H

is
is
is
is

positive,
negative,
positive,
negative,

S
S
S
S

is
is
is
is

4. c > a > b ?

positive.
negative.
negative.
positive.

9. Kinetics
A. For the reaction
2 H2S (g)

O2 (g)

2 S (s)

2 H2O (l)

which statement is true ?


1. The reaction is second
respect to O2.
2. The reaction is second
3. The rate law cannot be
4. The rate constant will

order with respect to H2S and first order with


order overall.
determined from the information given.
be greater than 1.

B. If a particular isotope has a half-life of 12 years, how long will it take


before only 25% of an original sample remains ?
1. 3 years
10.

2. 12 years

3. 24 years

4.

48 years

Electrochemistry

A. Is the standard potential for a galvanic cell made up from the two
half-reactions

Fe (s)
2e

Fe+2 (aq)
Sn+2 (aq)

1. 0.58V ?

2 e

E =

Sn (s)

E = -0.14V

2. 0.30V ?

3. 0.30V ?

0.44V

4. 0.58V ?

B. If the standard potential for the reaction


Ni+2 (aq)

2 Fe+2 (aq)

Ni (s)

2 Fe+3 (aq)

the value of E when [Ni +2] = 2.0 M, [Fe+2] = 2.0 M, [Fe+3] = 0.1 M, is :
1. 1.11V.
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2. 1.07V.

3. 0.97V.

4.

0.93V.

CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

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C. For the galvanic cell


Pb(s), PbSO4(s) |

SO42(aq) || Cu+2(aq), Cu+1(aq) | Pt(s)

which of the following is false ?


1.
2.
3.
4.

Electrons will flow from the lead electrode to the platinum electrode.
Copper will be deposited on the platinum electrode.
Reduction occurs at the platinum electrode.
The concentration of Cu+2 will decrease.

D. The oxidation number of Cr in Cr(OH) 3 is :


1. +3.

2. +5.

3. +7.

4. +9.

E. What element is reduced in the following reaction ?


Cu

+
1.

2 H2SO4
Cu

CuSO4
2.

SO2

3.

2 H2O
H

4.

F. What is the coefficient of Sn in the following equation, when balanced ?


Sn
1.

HNO3
2.

SnO2

NO2

3.

H2O
4.

11. Gas Laws


A. At what temperature do 0.08 moles of gas occupy a volume of 720 ml at a
pressure of 2.63 atm?
1. 15 C

2. 29 C

3. 288 C

4. 561 C

B. If the moles of a gas are doubled, and the volume is tripled, at constant
temperature, the pressure of the gas will :

12.

1. decrease by a factor of 1.

2. decrease by a factor of

3. decrease by a factor of 6.

4. increase by a factor of 1.

1/
3

General

A. The concentration of sodium ion in a 0.5 M sodium phosphate solution is :


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CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

1. 0.5 M.

2. 1.0 M.

Page 8

3. 1.5 M.

4. none of these.

B. Osmotic pressure varies according to:


1.
2.
3.
4.

the
the
the
the

size of the solute's ionic charge.


relative size of the solute's electronegativity.
number of solute particles.
molar mass of the solute.

C. The phase change from liquid to vapor is called :


1. sublimation.

2. freezing.

3. evaporation.

4. condensation.

D. The partial pressure of a gas is directly proportional to its :


1. mass fraction.

2. molarity.

3.mole fraction.

4.

volume.

E. Which of the following salts is basic in solution ?


1. NH4Cl

2. NaNO3

3. KCN

4. CuSO4

F. The molality of a solution is defined as moles of solute divided by :


1. moles of solvent.

2. liters of solution.

3. kilograms of solution.

4. kilograms of solvent.

G. If KSP = 6.6 x 1011 for CrF3, what is the molar solubility of CrF3 in water ?
1. 1.3 x 103 M

2. 2.9 x 103 M

3. 4.0 x 104 M

4. 8.1 x 106 M

H. Sulfur dioxide emitted into the air is absorbed by rain droplets, which will
then typically have a pH of:
1. 0.10.

1. Atomic Structure
A - 1
B

2. 4.0.

3. 7.0.

4. 10.0.

7. Equilibrium
A - 4
B

8. Thermodynamics
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CHM 111 ACS Final Exam Practice Sheet

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A

2. Molecular Structure
A

9. Kinetics
A

10. Electrochemistry
3. Chemical Formulas/Reactions
A

4. Stoichiometry
A

11. Gas Laws


A

5. Solutions
12. General

A. -

6. Acid-Base Reactions

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