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# 1. The diagram shows a water wave.

(1)
A

1 cm

2 cm

4 cm

8 cm

## (ii) The wavelength of the wave is

(1)
A

2 cm

4 cm

8 cm

20 cm

(b) State two properties that are the same for all electromagnetic waves.
(2)
1.......................................................................................................................................................
2.......................................................................................................................................................

## 2. There is a piece of music called "The Flight of the Bumble Bee."

This takes 4 minutes to play.
During this time, a bee flies 1608 m.
Calculate the average speed of the bee.
(3)

## speed ........................................................... m/s

(Total for question = 3 marks)

(1)
A

## sound waves are transverse

(b) A microphone is connected to a data logger, which displays each sound wave as a graph.
The diagrams show the graphs for two different sound waves.

## The graphs have the same scales.

In the horizontal direction: 1 square = 0.001 s
(i) The amplitude of sound wave Q is
(1)
A

zero

## (ii) The frequency of sound wave P is 250 Hz.

Find the time period of sound wave P.
(1)

## time period = ........................................................... S

(iii) Find the frequency of sound wave Q.
(1)

frequency = ........................................................... Hz
(Total for question = 4 marks)

4. (a) The diagram represents a microwave travelling in free space from point A to point B.

## (i) The distance from A to B is 0.60 m.

Calculate the wavelength of this microwave.
(2)

wavelength = ........................................... m

(ii) State the equation linking wave speed, frequency and wavelength.
(1)

## (iii) Calculate the frequency of this microwave.

[speed of microwave in free space = 3.0 108 m/s]
(3)

frequency = ............................................ Hz
(Total for question = 6 marks)
5. * Explain the differences between longitudinal and transverse waves.
Your explanation should refer to ultraviolet, ultrasound and seismic waves.
(6)
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(Total for question = 6 marks)

## 6. Ultrasound from a fishing boat is used to find fish.

(i) Which of these is correct for ultrasound waves?
Put a cross ( ) in the box next to your answer.
(1)
A ultrasound waves have a frequency above 20 000 Hz
B ultrasound waves have a frequency below 20 Hz
C ultrasound waves have a wavelength above 20 000 Hz
D ultrasound waves have a wavelength below 20 Hz
(ii) Complete the sentence by putting a cross (
) in the box next to your answer.
The system that uses ultrasound to find fish is called
(1)
A fibre optics
B satellite transmission
C sonar
D thermal imaging
(iii) The diagram shows a fishing boat above some fish.

(iii) Describe how ultrasound waves are used to detect the fish.
You may add to the diagram to help with your answer.
(2)
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## (Total for question = 4 marks)

7. The diagram shows changes to light waves passing from air into glass.

## (a) (i) The effect shown in the diagram is

(1)
A
B
C
D

diffraction
dispersion
reflection
refraction

(ii) State two ways in which the light waves change as they pass into the glass.
(2)
1 ..........................................................................................................................................
2 ..........................................................................................................................................
(b) (i) Draw the normal to the incident ray on the diagram.
(1)
(ii) Label the angle of incidence on the diagram.
(1)
(Total for question = 5 marks)

## 8. Earthquakes and seismic waves

(a) Earthquakes produce seismic waves and infrasound waves.
Which row of the table is correct for these waves?
Put a cross ( ) in a box to show your answer.
(1)

(b) The chart shows how the speed of P-waves varies with the depth in the Earths mantle.

(i) State what happens to a P-wave when it crosses from the mantle into the core.
(1)
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(ii) Describe how the speed of a P-wave changes between a depth of 1000 km and 2500
km.
(2)
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(iii) The average speed of a P-wave in the mantle is 12 km/s.
A P-wave travels vertically down from the surface and reflects from the coremantle
boundary back to the surface.
It travels a total distance of 5800 km.
Calculate the total time of travel for the wave.
(3)
time = .................................................................... s
(c) A class investigates the force needed to start a wooden block moving on a rough surface.
They use the apparatus shown.

## Each student repeats the experiment five times.

A set of results for one student is shown in the table.
attempt
force needed to start block moving / N
1
30
2
57
3
26
4
48
5
39
All the students in the class get a similar wide range of results.
Explain what the results show about predicting earthquakes.
(1)
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