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2nd Pre-Board Exam 2014-15

Time: 3 hrs


Please check that this question paper contains 26 questions.

Please write down the Serial Number of the question before attempting it.
15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper.

General Instructions:
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) There are 26 questions in total. Questions 1 to 5 carry one mark each, questions 6 to 10 carry two
marks each, questions 11 to 22 carry three marks each and questions 24 to 26 carry five marks each.
(iii) Question number 23 is a value based question and carries 4 marks.
(iv) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two
marks, one question of three marks and all three questions of five marks each. You have to attempt
only one of the given choices in such questions.
(v) Use of calculators is not permitted. However, you may use the log tables, if necessary.
(vi) You may use the following values of physical constants wherever necessary :
c = 3 X 10 8 m/s
h = 6.63 X 10 -34 Js
e = 1.6 X 10 -19 C
0 = 8.85 x 10-12 N m2 C-1
0 = 4 X 10 -7 T m A-1
1/4 0 = 9 X 109 N m2 C-2
Mass of proton m p = 1.67 X 10-27 Kg
Mass of electron m e = 9.1 X 10 Kg
Mass of neutron m n = 1.675 X 10-27 Kg

1. If the charge enclosed by a Gaussian surface is doubled and the radius of the Gaussian
surface is halved, how does the electric flux through the Gaussian surface change. [1]
2. What is the colour coding of the strips on the carbon resistor of resistance
20,000 10 %.
3. vertical component of Earths magnetic field at a place is 3 times the horizontal
component. What is the angle of dip at this place?
4. How does power of convex lens vary when red light incident on it is replaced by violet
5. An alpha particle and a proton are accelerated from rest through the same potential
difference V. Find the ratio of de- Broglie wavelength associated with them.
6. Two point charges 4 C and 2 C are separated by a distance of 1m in air. Calculate
at what point on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential is zero.
7. An iron core coil L and a bulb B are connected in series to the ac mains as shown in the
given figure. The bulb glows with some brightness. How will the glow of the bulb change
(i) if an iron rod is inserted in the coil. (ii) a copper rod is inserted in the coil. Justify your

8. Draw a ray diagram showing the image formation by a compound microscope for normal
adjustment. Write the expression for its magnifying power.
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Define resolving power of compound microscope. How does the resolving power of
compound microscope change when (i) wavelength of light used is increased (ii) Diameter
of the objective lens is increased.

Name the logic gates P and Q. Write down the output at Y for the inputs (i) A=0, B=0 and
(ii) A=1, B=1.
10. What is GPS? Give two of its applications.
11. (a)State the principle of working of a potentiometer. (b) Draw the circuit diagram of a
potentiometer which can be used to determine the internal resistance (r) of a given cell
of EMF E. Write the formula used. (c) How can the sensitivity of a potentiometer be
12. Derive an expression for the force per unit length between two infinitely long straight
parallel current carrying wires. Hence define one ampere.
13. Write the principle of a transformer. Show that in a transformer V s /V p = N s /N p = I p /I s
Mention any two energy losses in a transformer.
Using a suitable diagram explain the working of an ac generator. Deduce the expression
for alternating emf generated in the coil.
14. An a.c source of voltage V = V m sin t is connected one by-one to three elements
X,Y and Z. It is observed that the current flowing in them
(i) Is in phase with applied voltage for X
(ii) Lags the applied voltage in phase by /2 for element Y.
(iii) Leads the applied voltage in phase by /2 for element Z.
Identify the elements-X, Y and Z.
When three elements X, Y and Z are connected in series with the a.c source then at a
particular frequency current in the circuit become maximum. Write the condition for the
maximum current in the circuit and obtain the expression for the frequency at that
15. In an electromagnetic wave propagating along the X-direction, the magnetic field
oscillates at a frequency of 3 X 10 10 Hz and has an amplitude of 10 -7 Tesla, acting
along the Y- direction.
What is the wavelength of the wave?
Write the expression representing the corresponding oscillating electric field
Name the electromagnetic radiation to which waves of frequency in the range
of 3 X 10 10 Hz belong. Give one use of this part of EM spectrum.
16. State Huygenss principle in wave theory of light. Using it verify Snells law of
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A convex lens and a convex mirror (of radius of curvature 20 cm) are placed coaxially with the convex mirror placed at a distance of 30 cm from the lens. For a point
object placed at a distance of 25 cm from the lens, the final image due to this
combination is coincides with the object itself. Find the focal length of the convex lens
and convex mirror.


Draw a graph showing the variation of stopping potential with the frequency of
incident radiation related to photoelectric effect
How can the value of Plancks constant be determined from this graph?
How can the value of work function of the material be determined from this
19. Use Kirchoffs law to determine the value of currents in the following network.
Hence find the potential difference between points B and E.


Define the term excitation energy and ionisation energy.

The energy of an electron in the n th orbit of hydrogen atom is given by
E n = - 13.6 / n2 eV . Calculate the first excitation energy and ionisation energy of
hydrogen atom.
21. Explain the term binding energy of a nucleus. Draw a graph showing the variation
of binding energy per nucleon with mass number of different nuclei. Give any two
salient features of the curve.
Answer the following questions:
i) Why are sky waves not used in transmission of TV signals?
ii) Why do need carrier waves of very high frequency in the modulation of signals?
iii) If f c and f m be the frequency of carrier wave and modulating wave respectively,
then what are the three frequencies contained in an AM wave?
23. Nikita, a science student, while studying, was impressed that the nervous system in animals
depends on the electrical signals to work. Neurons pass on signals from sense organs to the
brain. The passage of an electrical signal constitutes an electric current. Nikita was curious to
know the range of currents in different situations. She found that current in domestic
appliances is a few amperes. During lightning, the electric current is in tens of thousands of
amperes, while in the nervous system, it is only a few microamperes. She further discussed
with her teacher about the magnitude of the magnetic field created by these currents and its
application. She became interested in the topic.


What values did Nikita have?

What value was displayed by Nikitas teacher?
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A galvanometer coil has a resistance of 15 ohms and the meter shows full
scale deflection for a current of 4 mA. How will you convert the meter into an
ammeter of range 0 - 6 A?

24. a) What is rectification? Explain the working of full wave rectifier showing input and
output Waveforms.
b) How we can obtain steady dc output from the pulsating rectified voltage?
(a) Draw the circuit arrangement for studying input and output characteristics of an n-pn transistor in CE configuration. Sketch typical (i) input characteristics (ii) output
characteristics for such a configuration.
(b) A change of 0.2 mA in the base current causes a change of 5 mA in the collector
current for a common emitter amplifier.
Find the a.c current gain of the transistor.
If the input resistance if 2 k, and its voltage gain is 75, calculate the load
resistor used in the circuit.
25. a) Draw a ray diagram for formation of image of a point object by a thin double convex
lens having radii of curvature R 1 and R 2 . Hence, derive lens makers formula for a double
convex lens.
b) Double convex lenses are to be manufactured from a glass of refractive index
1.55, with both faces of same radius of curvature. What is the radius of curvature
require if focal length of lens is to be 20 cm.
a) In Youngs double slit experiment derive an expression for the intensity at any
point in interference pattern. Hence write the conditions for (i) constructive, and
(ii) destructive interference a point on the screen.
b) What is the effect on the interference pattern in Youngs double slit experiment
when: (i) screen is moved closer to the plane of slits? (ii) separation between two
slits is increased. Explain your answer in each case.

a) Define dipole moment. Derive an expression for the torque acting on an electric
dipole, which is held in uniform electric field, when the axis of the dipole makes an
angle with the electric field. Specify the direction of the torque.

b) A dipole is aligned parallel to the field. Find the work done in rotating it through the
angle of 1800
a) Explain the effect of introducing a dielectric slab between the plates of a parallel
plate capacitor on its capacitance. Derive an expression for its capacitance with
dielectric slab of thickness t introduced between the plates of the capacitor separated
by a distance d, and area of the plates are A.
b) A parallel plate capacitor of capacitance 18 pF is connected to a 100 V supply.
A 3 mm mica sheet (of dielectric constant 6) were inserted between the plates. Calculate
the (i) capacitance (ii) potential difference between the plates after supply was
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