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CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

Problem No. 1
Total points = 50

Determine the design tensile strength of the C10 x 25 channel section made from A36 steel. The
member end connection is made using bolts that are in. in diameter made from A325 steel. The
bolt connection layout is shown below.
(1) Determine the design tensile strength:

(45 pts)

(a) Consider only the limit states of gross yielding and net section fracture.
(b) For net section fracture, check all fracture paths (at least 3) you deem appropriate.
(c) Calculate U (shear lag factor) using the equation U=1-x/L0.9
(2) Answer the following questions qualitatively, i.e., without any calculations.

(5 pts)

(a) What will be the block shear failure path for the member?
(b) Can the block shear strength be computed using the standard AISC equations, or will
you need to modify them? If so, How?

Solution
(5) getting material properties right + (5) for gross yielding strength
Fy 36 ksi

Fu 58 ksi

db 0.75 in

Ag 7.34

in

tw 0.526

Part 1
Gross Yielding

Pny 0.9 Fy Ag

Pny 237.816 kips

(8) for computing U correctly


x 0.617

in

L 5.5

in

U 1

x
L

U 0.888

Less than 0.9

in

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

(9) points for each of three net fracture cases = 9 x 3 = 27


For each case: Assumption of correct path (2)
Calculation of correct net width = (5)
Calculation of correct fracture strength = (2)

3 2.5

Fracture Path

C10x25

3
2

Net Fracture Case 2


An Ag 3 db

Pnf2 0.75 Fu Ae

2
2
3
3

tw
8
7
5

An 5.959 in

Ae U An

Pnf2 322.205 kips

3 2.5

Fracture Path

C10x25

Ae 5.291

in

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

3 2.5

2
2

Af/2

Fracture Path

Aredg

C10x25

Af/2

Additional (more than three) cases to be considered for no points


Net Fracture Case 4

T 8 in

Aredg T tw

Aredg 4.208

Af Ag Aredg

Af 3.132

wn T 3 db

An Af wn tw
Pnf3 0.75 Fu Ae

( AISC)

g 3 in

in
in

4 g

wn 5.896

An 6.233 in
7

s 2.5 in

in

Ae U An

Ae 5.534

in

Pnf3 280.848 kips

3 2.5

Af/2

Fracture Path

C10x25

Aredg
Af/2

This is obviously (5) points


Part 2
By examining the results in Part 1, the block shear failure path would be as follows:
2
2
3
3

3 2.5

Fracture Path

C10x25

In this case, no modifications to the AISC equation is required. However, if the results in Part 1
indicate that Path 2 governs, then the AISC equations would have to be modified as follows:

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

4 g

Agt tw 6 2

Ant Agt db

Student Name: ____________________________

tw

Ultimately, the equation for the gross area is computed as follows:

s2
Where g is the vertical spacing.
Agt t w g
4g

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

Problem No. 2
Total points=50

(a)

Using the tension member design Tables in the AISC manual, select a double angle
tension member (with equal legs) to carry a factored design load of 150 kips.

(b)

Is the net section fracture strength noted in Table 3-7 correct? If not, then where does the
approximation appear in this Table?

(c)

Assuming in. diameter A325 bolts in shear/bearing for the connection system, how
many such bolts do you need for the connection?

(d)

Assuming Le=2 in., s=3.0 in., sketch a reasonable bolt layout, what is the actual net
section fracture design strength?

(e)

What is the block shear strength assuming that the shear fracture strength dominates, i.e.,

Rn = 0.75 [0.6FuAnv + FyAgt] 0.75 [0.6FuAnv + FuAnt]


(f) Is the original selected member still valid? Do not re-design, just state what needs to be
changed to make it valid.
Solution
(4) points for selecting a reasonable section. No deduction for not picking the lightest section.
Just a warning. Sections in the neighborhood of the lightest section are OK.
(a) The most economical section from Table 3-7 is a 2L3 x 3 x 3/8 Py = 150 k, Pn = 151 k
(4) points for this
(b) When Ae < 0.75 Ag, tabulated values of design tension rupture cannot be used. Tables assume
Ae = 0.75 Ag
(12 points) for this calculation (4 for bearing and 8 for bolt shear strength)
(c) For bearing strength, assuming Le Lefull and s sfull Rn = 78.3 kips/in (Table 7-12)
Rn = 78.3 kips/in
Rn 78.3 t 2 Rn 58.725

kips of 1 bolt

Pu
Rn

n 2.554

bolts

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

Shear Strength 1 bolt: Rn 31.8 kips (Table 7-10)

n 5 bolts

Make

Rn 58.725 n

Bearing

Shear
31.8
n
Rn
78.3Rn Rn
78.3
Rn 78.3 t

Rn 293.625
kips
Rn 159
in

Rn 29.362

Pu
Rn

n 4.717

bolts

kips
kips

kips of 1 bolt

Pu
Rn

n 5.109

bolts

KK: The bearing strength will be 78.3 x t x 2 = 58.6 kips because there are two angles, and each
shares half the load. If they dont do this step and use the shear strength of the bolt directly,
deduct only a few points (max. 5).
Shear Strength 1 bolt: Rn 31.8 kips (Table 7-10)

n 6 bolts

Make
Bearing

Rn 29.362 6

Rn 176.172

kips

Shear

Rn 31.8 6

Rn 190.8

kips

Pu
Rn

n 4.717

bolts

(10) points for this calculation (net area calculation =3, U calculation =4, strength calc. = 3)
(d) Bolt layout shown below. Path shown for block shear in Part (e).

32

CE 470 Mid-term Exam


Ag 2.32

in

An Ag

x 0.823

An 1.992 in

L 15 in

in

Ae An U

Student Name: ____________________________

Ae 3.585

U 1

Pn 0.75 Fu Ae

in

2 Angles

An 2 An

U 0.945

U 0.9

x
L

Pn 155.964 kips

((18 points for this calculation)


Path = 3, Anv=5, Agt=2, Ant=5, Final strength = 3
(e) Path shown above in (d).
1 3
Anv t 14 4.5

8 4

Anv 3.773

in

Agt t 2

Agt 0.75

in

Ant 0.586

in

1 3
Ant t 2 0.5

8 4
Fy Agt 27

Fu Ant 33.984

kips

Rn 0.75 ( 0.6 Fu Anv Fy Agt )


2 Angles

Use Equation Below:

Rn 118.737

kips

2 Rn 237.473 kips

Anv t 17 5.5

1
8

Agt t 2

1 3
Ant t 2 0.5

8 4
Fy Agt 27

kips

Fu Ant 33.984

Rn 0.75 ( 0.6 Fu Anv Fy Agt )


2 Angles

kips

2 Rn 279.07

Anv 4.57

in

Agt 0.75

in

Ant 0.586

in

kips

Use Equation Below:

Rn 139.535

kips

kips

(2) points for this conclusion


(f) Section is adequate.

An 3.984 in

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

Problem No. 3
(Total points=50)

Design the welded connection (only) for the member shown below. The given loads are service
loads. Assume Fy=50 ksi for the angle tension member, and Fy=36 ksi for the gusset plate. Show
the connection design on a sketch complete with all dimensions.
Note: You will have to consider both (angle and gusset) base metal strengths to compare with the
fillet weld strength.

Solution
Calculation of factored load = 2 points
Amin = 4 points
A max = 4 points
Selecting correct a = 2 points
Lmin= 4 points
Lmax=4 points
Implementing Lmax=2 points
Weld metal strength = 8 points
Base metal strength = 6 + 6 points
Required weld length = 3 points
Figure showing detail layout = 5 points

CE 470 Mid-term Exam


Fya 50 ksi

Fyg 36 ksi

Pu 1.2 D 1.6 L
tmin

5
16

Student Name: ____________________________

in

D 45 kips

Pu 271.6

tmax

3
8

in

L 136

kips

ta

5
16

in

tg

kips

amax tmin

1
16

amax 0.25

in

3
Table J2.4 Make
in
a 0.25 in
Fexx 70 ksi
16
Strength Weld Metal Rn ( Lw) 0.75 0.6 Fexx 0.707 a Lw 5.56762500 Lw
amin

Base Strenght Gusset Rn ( Lw) 0.9 0.6 Fyg tg Lw 7.2900000000000000000 Lw


Base Strenght Angle

Rn ( Lw) 0.9 0.6 Fya ta Lw 8.4375000000000000000 Lw

Strength Weld Metal Governs


Lw

271.6
5.56762500

Lwmin 4 a 1.00

Lw 48.782

in

in

Lwmax 100 a 25.00

in

Therefore, in one strip, the effective length of the


weld can't be greater than 25 in.

22 in.

5 in.

22 in.

3
8

in

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

25 in.
0.5 in.

0.5 in.
25 in.

0.25 in.

0.25 in.

25 in.

25 in.

10

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

Problem No. 4.
Total points = 50

Design a bolted splice connection for a single angle tension member. The service loads acting on
the member are 50 kips dead load + 30 kips live load.
The splice must be slip-critical for service loads, and have adequate shear/bearing strength for
factored loads. Assume 7/8 in. diameter A325 bolts.
(1) Design and check the splice to be slip-critical at service loads
(2) Design and check the shear/bearing strength of splice at ultimate loads.
(3) Design the thickness and width of the gusset plate
(4) Provide a sketch of the splice detail.
There is no need to check the design strength of the angle at ultimate loads. Assume that the
angle design works.

Solution
D 50 kips

L 30 kips

db

7
8

in

t 0.5 in

Part 1
SL D L 80

kips

Rn 10.2

For Slip Critical, One Bolt from Table 7-16

Rn 10.2 n

kips

Rn 81.6

kips

(12 points for slip critical design)

11

Use 8 bolts

n 8

CE 470 Mid-term Exam

Student Name: ____________________________

(18 points for shear bearing design) 8 for shear, and 10 for bearing.
Part 2
Pu 1.2 D 1.6 L

Pu 108

Shear (Table 7-10)

Rn 21.6 n

kips
Rn 172.8 kips ok

Bearing
Lemin 1.125 Table J3.4

Make Le 1.25 in

smin 2.6667 db

smin 2.333 in

spref 3 db

spref 2.625 in

For Edge:

Rn 40.8 t

For Interior Spacing:

Rn 20.4

Rn 91.3 t

s 3 in

Use
kips

Rn 45.65 kips

Rn 45.65 7 20.4 Rn 339.95 kips ok


Note Assume Gusset Plate has same thickness

(15 points for gusset plate design) 5 points for getting 0.85 factor
Part 3
Make U=0.85
Ag

From AISC 16.1-178 U 0.85

Pu

Ag 3.333 in

0.9 36

width

Ag

width 6.667

0.5

Ag b 0.5

Ag 3.5

in

Gross Yielding

Py Ag 0.9 36

Net Fracture

b 7

in

in

An Ag db

Make

0.5

Pn 0.75 U An 58

Py 113.4

kips

Pn 110.925 kips

Part 4

(5 points for pretty picture)

1.25

3 3 3

3 3

1.25

12