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Glossary for Elementary Hindi

ih~dI xdavlI
English to Hindi
Note: Following nouns, an asterisk (*) indicates feminine gender (Iil#g); all nouns
without an asterisk may be assumed to be masculine (puil#g).

absolutely
abuse, insult
abuse, to abuse, to insult
about, concerning, relating to
above
accident, disaster
address, information
advertisment
advice
after, afterwards, later
afternoon, noon
again, afterwards, then
age (era, historical period)
aged, elderly, old (people)
Agra
ahead, in front of
air, wind
airplane
alcoholic beverage, wine

iblkul
galI *
galI dena
kw bare me#
pr, kw pr
duGRqna *
pta
^thar, ivapn
slah *
kw bad
dophr
iPr
yug, jmana
bU|a
agra, aga
age, kw age
hva *
hva jhaj
xrab

2
alive
all
all (emphatic)
all day
alone
although
always
America
American
and
anger
angry, displeased
animal
anna (1/16 of rupee)
another, other, second
answer
anywhere, somewhere
apartment, flat
apple
approximately, roughly
April
arm (anatomy)
army
arrive, to arrive
art (artistic work or creation)
article (piece of writing)
as, like
as many as
as much as
ask, to ask
ask for, to ask for, to demand, to order

ij#da
sb, sara
sBI
idn Br
kwla
grce, halaik
sda, hmexa
mrIka, meirka
mrIkn, meirkn
Or
gusa, koD
naraj
janvr
ana
dUsra
jvab, r
khI#
lEq
seb
krIb, lgBg
pEl
bah *
POj, sena *
phucna
kla *
leK
jEsa
ijtne
ijtna
pUCna
magna

3
attach, to attach, to apply
attach, to be attached, to be connected to
attempt, effort
August
auspicious
author
autumn, fall

back (anatomy)
bag (shopping bag with handles)
bad, evil
bad, spoiled, defective
bag (shoulder)
baggage, luggage, goods
ball
banana
Banaras, of Banaras
bangle
basket
bathroom
bathe, to bathe
bazaar, market
be, to be, to become, to happen, to take place
bear
beautiful, handsome, pretty
because, since
because of, on account of
bed
bedding, bedroll

lgana
lgna
koixx *
gt
xuB, mubark
leKk
ptJ\

pIQ *
TEla
bura
Krab
Jola
saman
ge#d *
kwla
bnars, bnarsI
cU\I *
qokrI *
guslKana, bET>m
nhana
bajar
hona
BalU
su~dr, KUbsUrt
yo#ik
kI vjh se, kw karN
pl#g
ibtr

4
before, previously
beg, to beg
beggar
begin, to begin (to do something)
behind, in back of, after
bell
below, beneath, under
Bengal, Bengali
ber (fruit)
bicycle
big, elder, great, important, large
bird
birth
birthday
black, dark
blanket
blind
blood
bloom, to bloom, to blossom
blouse (for sari)
blouse (Western)
blue
body (anatomy)
boil, to boil (intransitive)
boil, to boil (transitive)
Bombay (Mumbai)
bone
book
bored, to become bored
born, to be born
boss, landlord, master

phle, kw phle, se phle


BIK magna
iBKarI
lgna, xu> krna
pICe, kw pICe
G#qI *
nIce, kw nIce
b#gal, b#galI
ber
sa^ikl *
b\a
ici\ya *, pI
j~m
j~midn
kala
kbl
#Da
KUn, rt
iKlna
colI *
laj *
nIla
xrIr
blna
balna
b#b^R, mub^R
h\`\I *
iktab, putk *
bna, b jana
j~m hona
mailk

5
both
box
boy
bread (Indian)
bread (Western)
breakfast; to have breakfast
bring, to bring
Britisher, Englishman
broken, to be broken
broom
brother
bucket, pail
building
bullet, pill
burn, to burn (intrans.)
burn, to burn, to set fire to (trans.)
bus
but
butter
buy, to buy
by (a certain time), until, up to

Calcutta (Kolkata)
call, to call (to someone)
capital (city)
car
cardamom (spice)
careful, to be careful, to be cautious
cat

dono#
bks
l\ka
cpatI, roqI *
\bl roqI *
nata; nata krna
lana, le ana
gej
qUqna
Ja\U *
Ba^R
balqI *
^mart *, Bvn
golI *
jlna
jlana
bs *
leikn, mgr, pr
mKn
KrIdna
tk

klka
bulana
rajDanI *
ga\I, moqr *
^laycI *
s#Blna
iblI *

6
catch, to catch, to hold, to grasp
cause, reason
celebrate, to celebrate, to observe (a festival)
certainly, definitely, of course
chair
cheap, inexpensive
cheek
chess
chest (body part)
Chicago
chicken (hen, rooster)
child, baby
childhood
chili (pepper)
China, Chinese
choose, to choose, to pick
cinnamon
cigarette
city, town
civilization, civility, decency
class
clay
clean (adj.)
clean, to clean
clever, cunning
clever, intelligent, smart
climb, to climb, to ascend, to go up
clock (same as watch)
close, to be closed, to close
close to, near
closed, shut, stopped

pk\na
karN
mnana
j>r, vy
kursI, kusIR *
sta
gal
xtr#j
CatI *
ixkago
murgI *, murga (mugIR *, mugaR)
bca, balk
bcpn, balkpn
imcR *
cIn, cInI
cunna
darcInI *
isgreq *
xhr, ngr
syta *
las *
imq`qI *
saP
saP krna
ctur, calak
hoixyar
c|na
G\I *
b~d hona, b~d krna
kw njdIk, kw pas
b~d

7
cloth, clothing
clothseller
cloud
clove (spice)
coat, jacket
cobbler, shoemaker
coffee
cold, cool (adj.)
cold, coldness
cold (illness)
cold (winter season)
color
color, to color
come, to come
come back, to come back
come out, to come out, to emerge
comfort, rest
commotion, uproar
companion, friend
complaint, grievance
condition, state
confusion, mess, mix-up, disorder
congratulations
connect, to connect, to attach
converse, to converse, to talk with
cook, chef
cook, to cook, to make food
cooking vessel, pot
coriander
corner
correct, right

kp\a, kp\e
kp\evala
badl, meG
lO#g *
koq
mocI
kaAPI *
Q#\a
Q#\, sdIR *
jukam
ja\a , ja\e me#
r#g
r#g krna
ana
vaps ana
inklna
aram
h#gama
saTI
ixkayt *
hal
g\b\ *
bDa^R *
lgana
bat krna
rso^ya, Kansama
pkana, Kana bnana
brtn, btRn
Dinya
kona
QIk

8
cough
country
courage, nerve
cover, to cover, to wrap
cow
crazy, mad
crow
crowd
crumb, fragment, small piece (of something)
cry, to cry, to weep
cumin (spice)
cup
cupboard, almirah
cure, remedy, treatment
curtain, veil
custom, practice
customer

dacoit (robber)
daily, everyday
dal (pulse, lentils)
dance, to dance
dark, darkness (noun, adj.)
date (calendar)
day
daughter
dear, beloved
death
December
decide, to decide

KasI *
dex
sahs
o|na
gay *
pagl
kOa
BI\ *
quk\a
rona
jIra
yala
lmarI *
^laj
prda, pdaR
irvaj
gahk
\akU
roj, hr idn, hr roj
dal *
nacna
#Dera
tarIK *
idn , roj
beqI, puI *
yara
deha~t, mfyu *
idsbr
PWsla krna

9
decision
deep, profound, serious
defective, bad, spoiled
definitely, certainly, of course
delay, lateness, slowness
deliberately, on purpose
Delhi
delicious, tasty
denial
deny, to deny
descend, to descend, to get down, to get off
describe, to describe something
description
desert
desire, longing, wish
diamond
diarrhoea
dictionary
die, to die
difference
difficult, hard
difficulty, trouble
direction
dirt, dirtiness
dirty
disease, illness
disorder, confusion, mess
doctor
dog
dollar
door

PWsla
g#BIr
Krab
j>r, vy
der *
jan-bUJkr
idlI *
ljIj, vaidq
^nkar
^nkar krna
trna
X ka vNRn krna
vNRn
reigtan
^Ca *, iBlaza *
hIra
dt
xd kox
mrna
#tr
muikl
tklIP *, kq, idkt *
trP, or *
g#dgI *
g#da, mEla
ibmarI *, rog
g\b\ *
\aqr
kua
\alr
drvaja, ar

10
down, below
drawer (in chest)
drink, to drink
drive, to drive (a car, etc.)
driver
drop, to drop, to let fall
drown, to drown, to sink
dry (adj.)
dry, to dry up
dust
duty

each, every
earn, to earn (money)
easily
east
eastern direction
easy, simple
eat, to eat
eclipse
education
effect, influence
effort, attempt
egg
eggplant
eight
eighty
elbow
elder, big, great, important, large

nIce
draj *
pIna
clana
\a^vr
igrana
\Ubna
sUKa
sUKna
Kak
kRy

hr
kmana
aram se
pUvR
pUvIR trP
asan, srl
Kana
sUyR-ghN
ixa, talIm *
sr
koixx *
#\a (\a)
bE#gn
aQ
sI
kohnI *
b\a

11
elderly, aged, old (people, animals)
electricity, lightning
elephant
emperor
employee, servant
employment, job
empty (unmarked adj.)
end (noun)
end, to end, to close
English, English language
enjoyable, delicious
enough, sufficient (interjection)
enough, much, many
entire, whole
envelope
era, age, historical period
error, mistake
essay
evening, dusk
event, incident
ever
every, each
every day
everyone (pl.)
everything
evil, bad, wicked
examination (school)
excellent, of good quality
expense, expenses, expenditure
expensive, costly
eye

bU|a
ibjlI *
haTI
badxah
nOkr
nOkrI *
KalI
#t (~t)
Km krna
#gejI *
mjedar
bs
kaPI
sara
ilPaPa
yug, jmana
gltI *
inb~D , inb#D
xam *
Gqna *
kBI
hr
roj, hr idn
sb log
sb kuC
bura, bdmax
prIa *
bi|ya
KcR
mh#ga
aK *

12
eyeglasses

cma

face, mouth

muh, muK, cehra


samne, kw samne
karKana
mela
ivvas
a *
ptJ\
igrna
p\na
JUQa
pirvar, Kandan
mxhUr
p#Ka
dUr
X se dUr
KetI krna
iksan
KetI *
tej
moqa
ipta, bap
ksUr
\r, By
\rna
PrvrI *
iKlana
shelI *

facing, in front, opposite


factory, workshop
fair, festival
faith, confidence, trust
faith, religious faith (Hindu)
fall (season), autumn
fall, to fall
fall, to fall, to lie (down)
false, untrue
family
famous
fan
far, distant
far from X
farm, to farm
farmer
farming
fast, quick
fat, coarse, thick
father
fault, guilt
fear
fear, to fear, to be afraid
February
feed, to feed (to serve food to)
female friend (of another f.)

13
festival (Hindu)
fever
few, a couple, some
few, less, little
field, farm field
field, plain, grassy area
fifty
fight, to fight, to quarrel
film
finger
finish, to finish
finished
fire
first, previous
first, at first, previously, first of all
five
fix, to fix, to repair
flat, apartment
floor
flower
flute
fly, to fly
fly, housefly
food
fool, idiot
foolish
foot
football
for
force, strength
forcefully, loudly

yOhar, mela
buKar
kaD
km
Ket
mEdan
pcas
l\na, Jg\a krna
iPm *
glI *
Km krna
Km
ag *
phla
phle
pac
QIk krna, mrmt krna
lEq
PxR
PUl
basurI *
\na
mKI *
Kana, Bojn
bevkUP, mUKR
bevkUP
pEr
PuqbaAl *
kw ilye
jor, bl
jor se

14
forehead, brow
foreign (adj.), foreigner (noun)
foreign country
forest, jungle
forget, to forget
fork, thorn
form, shape, beauty
fort
forty
four
fourth
fragrance, aroma
fragrant, perfumed
free (liberated)
freedom, independence
fresh
Friday
friend
friend (female friend of f.)
frog
from, with, than
front, in front, opposite, facing
fruit
fruitseller

game, sport
Ganges
garden
garlic

maTa
ivdexI
ivdex
vn, j#gl
BUlna
kaqa
>p
ikla
calIs
car
cOTa
KuxbU *, sug#D
sug#iDt
ajad, vt#
ajadI, vt#ta *
taja
xukvar
dot, im
shelI *
me#|k
se
samne, kw samne
Pl
Plvala

Kel
g#ga *
bag, bgIca
lhsun

15
gasoline, petrol
gentleman
get, to get, to obtain
ghost
ginger (fresh)
girl
give, to give
give back, to give back
glance, sight
glass (substance)
glass (for drinking)
glasses (eyeglasses)
go, to go
go back, to go back
goat (M/F)
god (deity)
God
goddess
gold, golden
good (adj.)
gossip, chit-chat
government
grandfather, grandmother, maternal
grandfather, grandmother, paternal
grandfather, old man
grape
grass
grateful
great, big, elder, important, large
green
ground, land

peqol
sahb, sjn
pana, imlna (+ ko)
BUt
drk
l\kI *
dena
vaps dena
njr *
xIxa
iglas
cma
jana
vaps jana
bkra, bkrI *
dev, devta
Bgvan, ^Rvr, Kuda, lah
devI *
sona , sone ka
Ca, Bla
gp *, gp-xp *
srkar *
nana, nanI
dada, dadI
baba
#gUr
Gas *
aBarI
b\a
hra
jmIn *

16
ground, to be ground, to be crushed
ground, to grind, to crush
guest
Gujarat, Gujarati
gun

hair
half
hand
handsome, beautiful, pretty
happiness
happy
hard, difficult
hard work, effort, labor
hardworking
haste, hurry
hat, cap
hate, hatred, dislike
hate, to hate
he, she, it
head
headache
health
healthy
hear, to hear, to listen
heart
heat, summer
heaven
heavy

ipsna
pIsna
mehman, itiT
gujrat, gujratI
b#dUk

bal
aDa
haT
su#dr, su~dr
KuxI *, suK
Kux, suKI
kiQn, muikl
mehnt *
mehntI
jdI *
qopI *
nPrt *
nPrt krna
yh, vh
isr
isrddR, srddR
vay, t~du<tI *
vT, t~du<t
sunna
idl, Hdy
grmI, gmIR *
vgR
BarI

17
hell
help, assistance
hen
here
here (in this direction, hither)
high (adj.)
Himalaya
Hindi
Hindu
Hindu temple
his, her, its
history
hit, to hit, to beat, to kill
holiday, vacation
home, house
hope
horse (M/F)
hospital
hot, warm
hotel, caf
hour
house, home
how, what sort of
how many
how much
human being
hundred
hunger
hungry
hurry, haste
hurry, to hurry

nrk
mdd *, shayta *
murgI, mgIR *
yha
^Dr
ca
ihmaly
ih~dI *
ih~dU
m#idr, mi~dr
^ska, ska
^ithas
marna
Cuq`qI *
Gr, mkan
axa *, mId *
Go\a, Go\I *
ptal
grm, gmR
hoql
G#qa
mkan, Gr
kWsa
iktne
iktna
^~san, admI
sO
BUK *
BUKa
jdI *
jdI krna

18
husband

pit

mE#
bPR *
gr, yid
bImar
np|
bImarI *, rog (pu0)
mUitR *
j>rI, avyk
s#Bv, namumikn
me#
~dr, kw #dr
esa
Gqna *
suivDa *
glt
b|na
Bart, ih~dutan
BartIy, ih~dutanI
pta
coq *
#dr
baja
galI *
galI dena
^rada
idlcp
yh, vh

ice, snow
if
ill, sick
illiterate
illness, disease
image, statue
important, necessary
impossible
in, into, among
in, inside
in this way, thus
incident, event
inconvenience
incorrect, wrong
increase, to increase, to advance
India
Indian
information, address
injury
inside
instrument (musical)
insult, abuse
insult, to insult, to abuse
intention
interesting
it, he, she

19

Jaipur
January
job, employment
joke
joke, to joke
joy, pleasure
journey, travel
July
jump, to jump
June
just, only (emphatic particle)

Kanpur
Karachi
kerosene
key
kill, to kill, to beat, to hit
kilogram
kilometer
kindness, grace (divine)
king
kitchen
knife, pocket knife
knife, table knife
know, to know

jypur
jnvrI *
nOkrI *
mjak
mjak krna
an#d, mja
sPr, yaa *
jula *
kUdna
jUn
hI

kanpur
kracI
imq`qI ka tel
cabI *
marna
iklogam
iklomIqr
kfpa *
raja
rso^R *
cakU
CurI
pta hona, malUm hona,
janna

20
Krishna

kfN

labor (manual labor)

mjdUrI *
mjdUr
mihla * , memsahb
jmIn *
mkan mailk
glI *
Baza *
b\a
lsI *
aiKrI
ipCla
der se
bad me#
h#sna
kanUn
alsIpn, aly
alsI
neta
sIKna
baihna, baya
baye# haT
qag *
Purst, PusRt *
dal *
km
paQ
icq`QI *, p

laborer (manual laborer)


lady, woman (respectful)
land, ground
landlord
lane, alley, small street
language
large, big, elder
lassi (yogurt drink)
last, final
last, previous
late
later, afterwards
laugh, to laugh
law
laziness
lazy, lethargic
leader (political)
learn, to learn
left (directional adj.)
lefthand
leg
leisure, free time
lentils, pulses
less, few, little (amount)
lesson, reading
letter (mail)

21
letter (of alphabet)
liberation, salvation
library
lie, to lie down
lie, to lie (down), to fall
lie, to tell a lie
lie, untruth
life
lift, to lift, to pick up
light, illumination
light (in weight or color)
light, lamp
lightning, electricity
like, as, similar to
like, to like
lion (M/F)
liquor, wine
listen, to listen, to hear
little (amount), few, less
little (small in size or age)
live, to live, to be alive
live, to live, to remain, to reside, to stay
living room, sitting room
lock
long, tall
look, to look, to see
lose, to lose, to waste
loudly, forcefully
love
love, to love someone
Lucknow

r
muit *
putkaly
leqna
p\na
JUQ bolna
JUQ
jIvn, ij#dgI *
Qana
pkax , roxnI *
hka
bI *
ibjlI *
jEsa
ps~d hona, Ca lgna
xer, xernI *
xrab *
sunna
km
Coqa
jIna
rhna, Qhrna
bEQk
tala
lba, l#ba
deKna
gvana
jor se
pem, yar
X se yar krna
lKn

22

mad, crazy
made, to be made
Madras, of (from) Madras
magazine
mail
mailman, postman
make, to make
man, male
mango
many, much
many, much, enough, sufficient
many, more, too much, too many
March
marketplace
marriage, wedding
matter, thing, topic
May
meaning, sense
meat
medicine
meet, to meet, to encounter
memory, recollection
merely, only
midday, noon, afternoon
midnight
mile
milk
mine, my

pagl
bnna
mdas, mdasI
pika *
\ak
\akvala
bnana
admI, pu<z
am
bhut
kaPI
yada, iDk
macR
bajar
xadI *, ivvah
bat *
m *
TR, mtlb
got, ma#s
dva *
imlna
yad *, mrN
isPR, kwvl
dophr
aDIrat *
mIl
dUD
mera

23

my, mine

imnq
xIxa, a^na, dpRN
k#jUs
gltI *
somvar
pEsa
b#dr
mhIna
cad, c~, c~ma
Or
subh *, svera
mCr
mata, ma, ma *
mijd *
moqr *, ga\I *
pha\, pvRt
cUha, cuihya *
muh, muK
clna
clana
I, sahb
ImtI, begm
bhut
s#gIt
baja
muilm, muslman
mera

namaz (Muslim prayer)

nmaj

minute
mirror
miserly, stingy
mistake, error
Monday
money
monkey
month
moon
more, additional, else, other
morning
mosquito
mother
mosque (Muslim place of prayer)
motor, car
mountain, hill
mouse, rat (M/F)
mouth, face
move, to move, to walk
move, to cause to move, to drive, to run (a machine)
Mr.
Mrs.
much, many
music
musical instrument
Muslim

24
name
narrow, thin
naughty, mischievous
near, close to (postposition)
near, in the possession of
near, nearby (adverb)
necessary, important
necessity, need
neck
need, to need, to want (with ko construction)
neighbor
neighborhood
neighborhood, quarter (section of a city), suburb
never
nevertheless, still
new
news
newspaper
New Delhi
New York
next
next to, adjacent to
nice, good
night
nine
no, not
non-vegetarian, meat-eating
nose
not (imperative)
noise
noise, to make noise

nam
ptla
nqKq
kw pas, kw ndIk
kw pas
pas, ndIk
j>rI
j>rt
grdn *
caihye, caih
p\osI, p\oisn *
p\os
muhla
kBI nhI#
iPr BI
nya
Kbr *, smacar
Kbar, smacar p
n^R idlI *
~yU yaAkR
gla
kI bgl me#
Ca
rat *
nO
nhI#, n
ma#saharI
nak *
n, mt
xor
xor mcana

25
noon, afternoon, midday
no one
north
northern direction
notebook
nothing
novel (work of fiction)
November
now, just now
nowadays, these days

obtain, to obtain, to get


occupation, business, work
October
of, belonging to
of, from, with
office
often
oil
old (things)
old, aged (people, animals)
old woman
on, at, upon
on, upon, over, above, on top of
one, a
one and a half
one's own
only, just (emphatic particle)
only, merely

dophr
ko^R nhI#
r
rI trP
kapI *
kuC nhI#
p~yas
nvbr, nv#br
b, BI
ajkl

imlna, pana
D#Da
tUbr
ka
se
dtr
sr
tel
purana
bU|a
bui|ya *
pr
kw pr
k
\e|
pna
hI
isPR, kwvl

26
open
open, to be opened
open, to open
opinion, thought
or
or else, otherwise
orange (color)
orange (fruit)
order, command
order, to order, to demand, to ask for
other, additional, else
other, another, second
otherwise, or else
our, ours
outside
outside of (postposition)
over, above (adverb)
own, one's own

pail, bucket
pain
Pakistan
palace
papaya
paper
parents
park
parliament (Indian)
parrot

Kula
Kulna
Kolna
Kyal
ya
nhI# to, vrna
nar#gI
s#tra
hum , aa *
magna
Or
dUsra
nhI# to, vrna
hmara
bahr
kw bahr
pr
pna

balqI *
ddR
paiktan
mhl
ppIta
kagj
ma-bap, mata-ipta
pakR
lok-sBa *
tota

27
party (social event)
passenger, rider
patient, ill person
pay, salary
peace, tranquility
peaceful, quiet
peacock
peanut
pen
pencil
people
people, the public
pepper, black
pepper, green chili
pepper, red
perhaps, maybe
permission, order
personality, temperament
pharmacy
phone, to phone
photograph
pick, to pick, to choose
pick up, to pick up, to lift
picture, portrait
piece, crumb, fragment
pilgrimage
pill, bullet
pillow
pipe (for water), tap
place, locale
place, to place, to put, to keep

paqIR *
svarI
mrIj
tnKah *, vetn
xai~t *
xa~t
mor
mUgPlI *
klm * (also masc.)
pe#isl *
log
jnta *
kalI imcR *
imcR, hrI imcR *
lal imcR *
xayd, kdaict
aa *, ^jajt *
vBav
dvaKana
Pon krna
Poqo
cunna
Qana
ic , tvIr *
quk\a
yaa *
golI *
tikya
nl
jgh *, Tan
rKna

28
plant
play, sport
play (theatrical)
play, to play (musical instrument)
play, to play (recreation)
please, kindly
pocket
poem, poetry
poet
police
policeman
population
poor, impoverished
poor, wretched, helpless
porter, coolie
possible
postman, mailman
postoffice
pot, cooking vessel
pound
pour, to pour
power
practice, to practice
practice, custom
prayer
preparation
prepare, to prepare, to make ready
prepared, ready
prayer (Hindu and general)
prayer (Muslim)
president

pODa
lIla *
naqk
bjana
Kelna
kfpya, kfpa krkw
jeb *
kivta, xayrI *
kiv, xayr
puils *
puilsvala
abadI *
grIb
becara
kulI
mumikn, s#Bv
\akvala
\akKana, \akGr
btRn
pO#\
\alna
xit *
yas krna
irvaj
paTRna *
tEyarI *
tEyar krna
tEyar
paTRna *
nmaj *
pesI\e#q, raqpit

29
previous, first
previous, last
previously, before, formerly
price
priest (Hindu priestly class)
priest (in Hindu temple)
prime minister
print, to be printed
print, to print
problem
profit, advantage
profound, deep, serious
pull, to pull, to draw
Punjab, Punjabi
put, to put, to keep, to place
put on, to put on, to wear

quarrel, argument
quarrel, to quarrel, to fight
queen
question
quickly
quiet, peaceful
quiet, silent
quiet, to be quiet, to be silent
quite (adverb)

phla
ipCla
phle
kImt *, dam (pu0)
baN
pujarI
pDan m#I
Cpna
Capna
smya *
laB
g#BIr
KI#cna
p#jab, p#jabI
rKna
phnna

Jg\a, bhs
l\na
ranI *
sval, pn
jdI (se)
xa~t
Kamox, cup, mOn
cup hona
kaPI

30
rabbit
radio
rain
rain, rainy season
rather, moreover, on the contrary
raw, uncooked, unripe, unpaved, temporary
reach, to reach, to arrive
read, to read, to study
ready, prepared
real, genuine, actual
real, true
really, truly
reason, cause
recollection, memory
red
reduce, to reduce, to make less
regret, a pity
relate, to relate, to recount, to tell
remain, to remain, to reside, to live
remaining, left over
remedy, cure, treatment
remember, to remember
remove, to remove, to take out
rent (noun)
rent, to rent
repair
repair, to repair
request
respect
rest (relaxation), comfort
rest, to rest, to relax

Krgox
rei\yo
bairx *
brsat *
bik
kca
phucna
p|na
tEyar
lI
shI, QIk
scmuc
karN , vjh *
yad *
lal
km krna
Psos, Ked
sunana
rhna, Qhrna
bakI
^laj
yad ana
inkalna
ikraya
ikraye pr lena
mrmt *
QIk krna, mrmt krna
invedn
adr
aram
aram krna

31
restaurant
return, to return, to go back
rice
rich
rickshaw
rickshawman
right, correct, true
right (directional adj.)
righthand
ring (for finger)
ring, to ring (a bell), to strike (time), to be played
ripe, cooked, paved, permanent
ripen, to ripen, to be cooked
rise, to rise, to get up
river
road
roam, to roam, to wander
room
rooster
rot, to rot
roughly, approximately
run, to run
run, to run, to flee
rupee, money

sad, gloomy
sadhu, Hindu holy man
sadness
sage, holy man

reqa#q, hoql
lOqna, vaps jana
cavl
mIr
irxa
irxevala
QIk, shI
daihna, daya
daihne haT, daihnI trP
gUQI *
bjna
pka
pkna
Qna
ndI *
rata
GUmna
kmra
mugaR
s\na
krIb, lgBg
dO\na
Bagna
<pya

das, duKI
saDu
duK
iz

32
salary, pay
salvation, liberation
sandal
Sanskrit
sari
Saturday
save, to save, to rescue, to retain
say, to say, to state
scale, balance (for weighing)
scarf, shawl (women's)
scarf (men's traditional cotton)
school
science
scream, to scream, to shriek
script, alphabet
search
search, to search for
season, weather
second, another, other
see, to see, to look
sell, to sell
send, to send
sentence (grammar)
seperate, apart
September
serious, profound, deep
servant, employee
serve, to serve (beverages)
serve, to serve (food)
sew, to sew
share, to share, to divide

tnKah *, vetn
muit *
cpl *
s#kft *
sa\I *
xinvar
bcana
khna (X se khna)
trajU *
dupq`qa
gmCa
kUl
ivan
iclana
ilip *
tlax *
tlax krna
mOsm , tu *
dUsra
deKna
becna
Bejna
vay
lg
ist#br, istbr
g#BIr
nOkr
iplana
iKlana
sIna
baqna

33
sheet, bedsheet
shirt (Indian)
shirt (Western)
shoe
shop
shopkeeper
shoulder
shoulder bag
show, spectacle, entertainment
show, to show (someone something)
show, to show around
sick, ill
Sikh
silent, quiet
silk
silken
similar to, like
simple, easy
since, from, with
sing, to sing
singer
sink, to sink, to drown
sister
sit, to sit
sit, to seat someone
sitar
skin
sky
sleep; to feel sleepy
sleep, to sleep
slowly

cadr *
kurta, kutaR
kmIj *
jUta
dukan *
dukandar
k#Da
Jola
tmaxa
idKana
Gumana
bImar
isK
Kamox, cup, mOn
rexm
rexmI
jEsa, kw sman
srl, asan
se
gana
gayk
\Ubna
bhn, bihn *
bEQna
ibQana
istar
cm\I *
asman, akax
nI#d *; nI#d ana
sona
DIre se, aihta

34
small, little, short, young
smart, clever
smile (noun)
smile, to smile
smoke, to smoke a cigarette
snake, cobra
sneeze, to sneeze
snow, ice
so
so that, in order that
soap
sock, stocking
sold, to be sold
soldier
some, a few
some, any
someone, anyone
sometimes
somewhere, anywhere
son
song
sound, voice
south
southern direction
speak, to speak
speech (lecture)
spend, to spend (money)
spice
spoon
spring (season)
Sri Lanka

Coqa
hoixyar
muskrahq, muskan
muskrana
isgreq pIna
sap, spR
CI#kna
bPR *
to, so
taik
sabun
moja
ibkna
ispahI, jvan
kuC
ko^R
ko^R
kBI-kBI
khI#
beqa, pu
gIt, gana
avaj *
diN
diNI trP
bolna
BazN
KcR krna
msala
cmc
vs~t, bs~t
I l#ka

35
stair, staircase, ladder
stale
stamp (postage), ticket (train, bus)
stand, to stand
standing, erect
star (celestial body)
start, to start, to begin
state (of being), condition
state (geographical unit), province
station (rail or bus)
statue, image
stay, to stay, to remain, to reside
stick, wood
stick, bamboo staff, club
still, nevertheless
stingy, miserly
stomach, belly
stop, to come to a stop
stop, to stop (someone or something)
storm, typhoon
story
straight (adj.)
straight (adverb)
strange, peculiar
street
strength, force
strike (work stoppage)
student
study, to study, to read
subject
subject, matter, thing, topic

sI|I, sIi|ya *
basI
iqkq
K\a hona
K\a
tara
xu> krna
hal
pdex
qexn, \`\a
mUitR *
rhna, Qhrna
lk\I *
laQI *
iPr BI
k#jUs
peq
<kna
rokna
tUPan, aDI *
khanI *, kTa *
sIDa
sIDe
jIb
s\k *
jor, bl
h\tal *
Ca , Caa *, ivaTIR
p|na
ivzy
bat *

36
success
successful
suddenly, at once
sugar (raw)
sugar (white refined)
summer, heat
sun (heavenly body and deity)
Sunday
sunshine
surprise
sweet, candy (noun)
sweet (adjective)
swim, to swim

tabla (drum)
table
tailor
Taj Mahal
take, to take
take, to take (someone or something somewhere)
take away, to take away
take back, to take back
take out, to take out, to remove
talk, to talk with, converse with
tall, long
tasteless, dull, insipid
taxi
tea
teach, to teach

sPlta *
sPl
kak, cank
gu\
cInI *
grmI, gmIR *
sUyR, sUrj
rivvar, ^tvar
DUp *
acyR
imQa^R *
mIQa
tErna

tbla
mej *
drjI
taj mhl
lena
phucana
le jana
vaps lena
inkalna
bat krna (X se)
lba, l#ba
PIka
qEsI *
cay *
p|ana, isKana

37
teacher (female)
teacher (male)
tear, to tear, to rip
telephone
television
tell, to tell
tell, to tell, to recite, to recount (a story, etc.)
temple (Hindu, Jain)
test, examination
that ("he said that...")
then, again, afterwards
then, at that time
then, in that case
there
there (in that direction, thither)
therefore
these
they
them (to them)
thick, fat
thief
thin, narrow, slender
thing, object
thing, topic, subject, matter
things, baggage, material
think, to think
third
thirst
thirsty
thirty
those, they

yaipka *
yapk, ixk
Pa\na
qelIPon
qelIivjn, dUrdxRn
btana
sunana
mi~dr, m#idr
prIa *
ik
iPr
tb
to
vha
Dr
^silye
ye
ye
^~he#, ~he#, ^nko, nko
moqa
cor
ptla
cIj *
bat *
saman
socna
tIsra
yas *
yasa
tIs
ve

38
thought, idea
thought, opinion
thousand
three
through, by means of
thumb
Thursday
thus, in that way
ticket (tain or bus), stamp (postage)
time
time (repetition: "how many times")
to
today
together
together with
toilet, latrine (formal)
tomorrow
tonga (horsecart)
tonga driver
tongue
tonight
too (also)
too (much)
tooth
torn, to be torn, to burst
touch, to touch
towards, in the direction of
tower
town, city
toy
train

ivcar
Kyal
hjar, shs
tIn
kw ara, se
gUQa
gu<var, bfhpitvar
vEsa
iqkq * (also masc.)
smy, vt
bar * , dPa *
ko
aj
saT, k saT
kw saT
xOcaly
kl
taga
tagevala
jIB *, jban *
aj rat ko
BI
yada
dat
Pqna
CUna
kI trP, kI or
mInar *
ngr, xhr
iKlOna
relga\I *, qen *

39
travel, journey
traveler
treatment, cure, remedy
tree
trouble, difficulty
true, correct (adj.)
truth
try, to try, to attempt
Tuesday
turban
twenty
twenty-five
two
two and a half

ugly
umbrella
uncle (father's elder bro.)
uncle (father's younger bro.)
uncle (mother's bro.)
under, below, beneath
understand, to understand
understanding
unemployed, useless
unhappiness, sadness
university
unripe, raw, temporary, unpaved
until, by, upto
up, above, upstairs

sPr *, yaa *
musaiPr, yaI
^laj
pe\, vf
tklIP *, idkt *, kq
sca, shI, QIk
sc, sy
koixx krna
m#glvar
pg\I *
bIs
pcIs
do
|a^R

Ba
Cata
kaka
caca
mama
nIce, kw nIce
smJna
smJ *
bekar
duK
ivvivaly
kca
tk
pr, kw pr

40
upon, at, on
uproar, commotion
Urdu
us, to us
use
use, to use
useless, unemployed
usually, generally
Uttar Pradesh

vacation, holiday
vegetable
vegetarian
vehicle, car, train
veil, curtain
verandah
very, much
very, too much
village
voice, sound
vomit, to vomit

waist
wait, waiting (noun)
wait, to wait
wake, to wake up (oneself)
wake, to wake (someone else)

pr
h#gama
dRU *
hme#, hmko
^temal
^temal krna
bekar
amtOr pr
r pdex

Cuq`qI *
sjI *
xakaharI
ga\I *
prda, pdaR
bramda
bhut
yada
gav
avaj *
lqI krna

kmr *
^~tjar
^~tjar krna
jagna
jgana

41
walk, to walk, to move
wall
wander, to wander, to roam around
want, to want, to desire, to wish
want, to want, to need
war
warm, hot
warn, to warn
warning
wash, to be washed
wash, to wash
washerman
watch, clock
watch, to watch (e.g., TV), to see, to look at
water
we
weak
weakness
wealth
wear, to wear, to put on
weather, season
wedding, marriage
Wednesday
week
weight
west
western direction
when (interrogative)
when (relative)
where (interrogative)
where (relative)

clna
dIvar *
GUmna
cahna
caihye (+ ko)
yu
grm, gmR
cetavnI dena
cetavnI *
Dulna
Dona
DobI
G\I *
deKna
panI, jl
hm, hm log
kmjor
kmjorI *
Dn, dOlt
phnna
mOsm
xadI *, ivvah
buDvar
hta, stah
boJ
picm
picmI trP *
kb
jb
kha
jha

42
where, in which direction
which
white
whole, entire
whose (sing. and pl.)
why
wide
wife
wild
win, to win
wind, air
window
winter, cold season
wish, desire, longing
with, along with, together with
woman
wood, stick
work, employment, occupation
work, to work
workshop, factory
world
worried, anxious
worry, anxiety
worship
wrong, incorrect

year
yellow
yes

ikDr
kOnsa
sPwd
sara
ikska, iknka
yo#
cO\a
pnI, bIbI *
j#glI
jItna
hva *
iK\kI *
ja\a
^Ca *
kw saT
Ort *, I *
lk\I *
kam , nOkrI *, D#Da
kam krna
karKana
duinya *, jgt
prexan
iPk * , ic~ta *
pUja *
glt

sal, vzR
pIla
ha, jI ha

43
yesterday
you
young, junior, small
youth, period of life
youth, young person

kl
ap, tum, tu
Coqa
jvanI *
yuvk, yuvit *, nOjvan