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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0

INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................................... 4

2.0

DYNAMIC LOAD FACTORS AT SUPPORTS......................................................................................................... 5

3.0

SUPPORTS TO BOTTOMS OF BLAST WALL PANELS ...................................................................................... 6

4.0

SUPPORTS TO TOPS OF BLAST WALL PANELS.............................................................................................. 13

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4

UPPER PANEL SUPPORT TYPE 1 ................................................................................................................................. 14


UPPER PANEL SUPPORT TYPE 2 ................................................................................................................................. 25
UPPER PANEL SUPPORT TYPE 3 ................................................................................................................................. 33
UPPER PANEL SUPPORT TYPE 4 ................................................................................................................................. 37

APPENDIX A BOOTHS WALL DRAWINGS


APPENDIX B DCNs AFFECTING BOOTHS DRAWINGS
APPENDIX C TDRQs AFFECTING WALL SUPPORTS
APPENDIX D TERTIARY STEEL DRAWINGS WALL SUPPORTS

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INTRODUCTION

The Safe Habitat at the southern end of the Angel Topsides facility is provided with blast-resistant walls
on the north, east and west faces.
A 50 kPa blast wall spans between the decks of the Safe Habitat just north of and parallel to Grid D.
The east and west faces of the Safe Habitat have each been provided with blast walls that are capable
of resisting a 10 kPa blast.
The south face of the Safe Habitat is required to withstand environmental loads only. It is not blast
rated.
A firewall is provided between the cellar and sub-cellar decks on Row A east of Grid 3.

Figure 1: Elevation on Blast Wall Adjacent to Grid D

3.12m

2.65m

3.05m

3.52m

5.3m clear

This calculation addresses the design of the supporting steel for the external walls of the Safe Habitat
and for the firewall beneath the cellar deck.

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DYNAMIC LOAD FACTORS AT SUPPORTS

The blast wall on the north face of the Safe Habitat is required to resist a blast overpressure of 50 kPa
with a load-time history idealised as an isosceles triangle. The blast wall manufacturer has designed
the wall panels to respond elastically.
The dynamic end reactions for an elastic response are dependent on the ratio between the blast
duration, td, and the natural period of the wall panels, T.
The Topside Design Brief, Reference [1], requires that the blast wall be designed for a range of
durations for this pressure pulse.
A maximum dynamic load factor (DLF) of up to 1.5 may occur when the period of the blast pulse
approximately equals the natural period of the wall panels. Since the Topside Design Brief, Reference
[1], requires that the wall panels resist a range of blast durations, it is probable that this critical
amplification will be encountered. The supports were therefore designed to resist the 50 kPa blast load
multiplied by the maximum possible DLF of 1.5

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SUPPORTS TO BOTTOMS OF BLAST WALL PANELS

The supports at the bottoms of all of the wall panels of the blast wall are similar. The blast wall vendors
detail for the bottoms of the panels is illustrated in Detail 1 on Booth drawing T3000XG014.0001, and is
reproduced below:

The Booth detail was modified by addition of a 200 x 10 thick inclined bracing plate and UB203x133x30
under-deck beam as illustrated below.

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Woodside Energy Limited


Blast Wall Supports

150

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Figure 2: Lower Support for Blast Wall Panels b/n Cellar and Lower Mezzanine

The addition of the bracing plate to the detail was communicated to site via DCN-PL-505 (Refer
Appendix B) and the UB203x133 under-deck stiffening beam was shown on drawings
T3000DS322.1007, Rev 2 and T3000DS322.1008, Rev 2.
Reactions at Intersection with Deck Plate
From Figure 1 the maximum clear span between the underside of the beams supporting the upper edge
of the panels and the deck supporting the lower edge is 5.3m (from the Upper Mezzanine deck to the
underside of the PG02 under the Main Deck).
? Dynamic end reaction, P = 50 x 1.5 x 5.3 / 2 | 200 kN/m
Conservatively assuming a stringer spacing of 1000mm, the horizontal load applied per stringer,
Ps = P = 200 kN

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Checking Bending in 175x75x15 RSA


Bending moment, M = 200 x 0.018 = 3.6 kNm
Assuming 1:2.5 dispersion angel per AISC K1.3, the length of the vertical leg of the 175x75x15 RSA
that is effective in resisting bending = 711 + 5 x 220 = 1811mm. This is greater than the 1m spacing
between the stringers. ? Assume full length of vertical leg is effective 1000mm
? The bending stress, fb

3.6 u 106 u 6
1000 u 152

96 MPa OK by inspection

Checking Welds
Horizontal component of force in brace plate, Hc
Vertical component of force in brace plate, Vc
? Compression in brace plate, Qc

P u 150
132

Hc u 132
203

Hc 2  Vc 2

200 u 150
132
227 u 132
203

227 2  148 2

227 kN
148 kN

271 kN

Horizontal reaction at a, Ha = Hc = 227 kN and Vertical reaction, Va = Vc = 148 kN


Horizontal component of reaction at b, Hb = Ha P = 227 200 = 27 kN
Uplift at b, Vb = Va = 148 kN
Checking Welds at a
The standard stringer spacing is 1 metre.
Assuming a 1:2.5 dispersion angle from the bottom of the underdeck stiffener to the top of the deck
plate describes an effective weld length of 711mm as shown in Section A above.
? The vertical component of stress in the single-sided 6mm fillet weld at a,
Va
148 u 103
f1
49 MPa
6
6
711u
711u
2
2
and the horizontal component, f2

Ha
711u

6
2

? The resultant stress in the weld at a, f R

227 u 103
6
711u
2
49 2  75 2

75 MPa

90 MPa

90
and the weld utilisation, UC fR
0.3Fult u 1.7
0.3 u 410 u 1.7 0.43 OK

The 6mm fillet weld to the underside of the deck plate at a is subject only to the vertical component of
reaction at a, Va, and is OK by inspection.

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Checking Welds at b
The welds at b are subject to uplift, Vb = 148 kN.
Assuming a 1:2.5 angle of dispersion as previously, the total length of effective underdeck weld = 2 x
252 = 504mm
? The stress in the 6mm fillet weld due to uplift, fvw

148 u 103
6
504 u
2

69 MPa OK by inspection

The above deck welds at b are subject to uplift Vb as well as horizontal shear force, Hb = 27 kN
Again assuming a 1:2.5 dispersion of stress through the deck plate, the effective length of above deck
weld at b = 2 x 292 = 584mm
? The stress in the 6mm fillet weld due to Vb, f1

and the stress due to Hb, f1

27 u 10 3
6
584 u
2

148 u 10 3
6
584 u
2

60 MPa

11MPa

? The resultant stress in the above deck weld at b, fR

602  112

61 MPa OK by inspection

Checking Welds at c
Weld at c is a full-penetration butt weld and is OK by inspection.
Checking 220 x 10mm Brace Plate:
Conservatively assuming a 45O angle of dispersion from the stiff-bearing strip to mid-depth of brace
plate, the effective width of compression zone = 2 (133 + 8) + 6 + 2 x 110 = 508mm
From previous, compressive force in brace plate, Qc = 271 kN
? Axial compression, fac

271u 10 3
508 u 10

L = 238mm; Radius of gyration, r


? kL/r

fac
Fac

1.0 u 238
2.89

53
178

53 MPa
t

10

2 3

2 3

2.9mm

82.4 and Fac = 105 MPa x 1.7 = 178 MPa for Fy = 250 MPa (Type V steel)

0.30  1.0 and is acceptable

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Checking Welds Between UB203x133x30 and Stringers


The UB203x133x30 under the angle and brace-plate assembly provides a load path for the vertical
reactions Va and Vb to the deck stringers.
Vertical reactions Va and Vb are transferred to the web of the UB305x165x40 stringers by vertical 6mm
fillet welds along the flanges of the UB203x133x30 beams on its side as illustrated in Figure 3 below.

Figure 3: Detail on Stiffener Welds Under Support Bracket

Since Va = Vb = 148 kN, the stress in the 6mm fillet welds between the flange of the UB203x133x30
148 u 103
95 MPa < 0.3 x 410 x 1.7 = 209 MPa OK
and the web of the stringers, fv
6
2 u 1.5 u 123 u
2
Checking Cellar Deck Stringer Span = 5750mm:
Minimum size of deck stringer on cellar deck is UB304x165x40
The concentrated bending moment applied to the stringer by the wall support detail is
P x 0.15 = 200 x 0.15 = 30 kNm
From Reference [2], the self weight of the Type 1 profile with liner and insulation = 65.5 kg/m2
? For 5.3m high panels, the blast wall applies 5.3 x 65.5 = 347 kg/m = 3.4 kN/m to the wall support
detail on the upper mezzanine deck.
The cellar deck north of the blast wall is grated and therefore subject to a blast wind load rather than an
overpressure load. (NB: It is conservative to assume this since the moment applied by the wall panel
acts in the opposite direction to moment due to blast on wall panel)? The blast wind applied to the
stringer = 26.25 kPa x 1m spacing = 26.25 kN/m

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The following free-body-diagram summarises the loads applied to a typical deck stringer:

Figure 4: Free-Body and Bending Moment Diagram for Typical Stringer

Mid-span bending moment,


5.752 3.4 u 4.975 u 0.775 5.75
1
30 5.75

Mmax | 26.25  1.5 u
u

u
u
8
5.75
2
4.975 5.75
2

For UB305x165x40, bending stress fb

101u 10 6
560 u 10 3

101 kNm

180 MPa

Assuming a single mid-span lateral restraint to the compression flange (upper flange),
703E3 Cb
Fy

? Fbc

703E3 u 1.0
250

53 MPa

Fy L
2
r
T

Fy
3 10549E3 Cb

L
rT

2875
42.8

67.2

3516E3 Cb
Fy

3516E3 u 1.0
250

118.6

2
2
250 67.2


u 250 140 MPa Allowable stress increase = 1.7


3 10549E3 u 1.0

? Fbc = 1.7 x 140 = 238 MPa and

fbc
Fbc

180
238

0.76  1.0 OK

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Checking Spanning Between Stringers


The bracket detail is required to span a maximum 1000mm between stringers.
The 8mm deck plate provides continuous lateral restraint to the detail as shown in the preceding
calculations. The detail is therefore required to resist torsion due to the eccentricity of the horizontal
load from the deck plate.
The angle, brace plate and under-deck beam form a torsionally rigid box as illustrated below:

Figure 5: Torsion Box

The torsion moment per unit length, mT = P x 0.15 = 200 x 0.15 = 30 kNm/m
The ends may be considered fixed due to continuity.
? The maximum torsion in the beam, MT

mT u L
2

30 u 1.0
2

15 kNm

? The maximum shear stress in the elements making up the torsion box,
MT
15 u 10 6
fv T
42 MPa (in the web of the UB203x133x30) OK by inspection
2A o t 2 u 28146 u 6.4
The shear stress in the 6mm fillet welds connection the box to the webs of the stringers is estimated
6.4
by pro-rata: fvw 42 u
63 MPa and is OK by inspection.
6 2

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4.0

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SUPPORTS TO TOPS OF BLAST WALL PANELS

Supports at the tops of the wall panels are required to transfer blast loads from the wall panels to the
deck plate via the bottom flanges of the deck beams to which the panels are attached.
Four types of supports have been provided to the tops of the panels as illustrated below:

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4.1

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Upper Panel Support Type 1

Upper wall support detail Type 1 was used on wall panels to the west of Grid 1 between cellar and lower
mezzanine and lower to upper mezzanine.

TEE171x26

UB254x31
TEE171x26

TEE171x26

TEE171x26

UB254x31

406UB54
406UB54

TEE171x26

TEE171x26

1930

UB254x31

UB254x31

The following part-plans of the mezzanine decks illustrate the locations of the restraints:

Figure 6: Part Plan on Upper Mezzanine


1

533UB82
1605

1889

944

944

1889

TEE171x26

UB254x31
TEE171x26

TEE171x26

UB254x31

UB254x31
UB254x31

TEE171x26

UB254x31

UB254x31

UB254x31

TEE171x26

UB305x40

UB254x31

1930

UB305x40

UB254x31

1228

762UB147

323.3002

323.3002

323.3002

323.3002

Figure 7: Part Plan on Lower Mezzanine

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The clear span from cellar deck T.O.S to underside of Lower Mezzanine 533UB82 is 3.12m, and from
Lower Mezzanine T.O.S. to underside of Upper Mezzanine 533UB92 is 3.52m Allowing for 150mm high
support angles top and bottom, the clear span of the wall panels are 2.82m and 3.22m respectively.
Support Type 1 is detailed on Section D on drawing T3000DS323.3002 and reproduced below:

UB533x82 / UB533x92

150x75x15
220x10 FLAT
6

TEE171x178

TEE171x178x26

10

30

-1
2-

-1
2-

678 / 683

250

200x150x16
(Ref: T3000XG014.001 Detail 03 and
TDRQ ANGEL-S-155 in Appendix C)

10
6

Figure 8: Cellar Deck to Upper Mezzanine - Upper Panel Support Type 1


(Refer Section D on T3000DS323.3002)

Checking Bending in 200x150x16 Bent Angle


The maximum dynamic end reaction at the tip of the 200x150x16 bent angle,
P = 50 x 1.5 x 3.22 / 2 = 120.8 kN/m
Max bending moment in angle, M = 120.8 x 0.15 + 50 x 1.5 x 0.152/2 = 18.8 kNm/m
Mill certificates for this material (Refer Appendix C) indicate a yield stress Fy = 307 MPa
Booths calculations, Reference [2], specify a strain rate enhancement factor of 1.29 for this blast load.
Therefore the dynamic yield stress for this material, Fyd = 1.29 x 307 = 396 MPa

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Plastic moment of resistance, Mp

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Page

t2
16 2
Fyd
u 396
4
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25.3 kNm / m

? UC = M / Mp = 18.8 / 25.3 = 0.74 200x150x16 bent angle is OK


Checking Horizontal Spanning of Composite Section Between Supports
The bottom flange of the 533UB and the 200x150x16 angle are required to span horizontally between
the 12mm thick stiffeners. The max spacing between these stiffeners is 2 x 8500 / 9 = 1889mm (Refer
Figure 6 and Figure 7 above)
The maximum blast load to be carried between gussets, w = 120.8 + 50 x 1.5 x (0.15 + 0.528 / 2) =
151.85 kN/m
? Maximum bending moment, BM 151.85 u

1.89 2
12

45.2 kNm

The effective section carrying this moment is illustrated below.


Conservatively assuming the effective width of the 533UB web is B

208.8

UB533x82

N.A.yy

9.6

150

13.2

129

200x150x16

145

200

345
203.6

141.8

249
Fy

tw

249
345

u 9.6

129 mm

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The effective section properties are detailed below:

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? The maximum bending stress due to bending about yy, fb = 45.2E6 / 503.1E3 = 90 MPa occurring in
the left-most fibre of the section. Stress is OK by inspection
Checking 10mm Fillet Welds Between 12 thk Stiffeners and Flange of Beam
Max horizontal load to double-TEEs | 151.85 kN/m x 1.89m | 287 kN
UB533x82

150x75x15
220x10 FLAT
6

TEE171x178
10

TEE171x178x26

-1
2-

678

-1
2-

250

287 kN
10
199

Figure 9: Checking Stiffener Welds

Shear stress in welds between stiffener & flange, fvw

287 u 103
2 u 199  9.6 u

10

107 MPa OK

Shear in 12mm Thick Stiffeners


10

By pro-rata, fv 107 u 2 u
/ 12 126 MPa ; Fv = 0.4 x 250 x 1.7 = 170 MPa > fv OK
2

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Checking Bending in 12mm Thick Stiffeners:

TEE171x178

177

TEE171x178x26

177

-1
2-

MGUSSET

90

250

Lever Arm

-1
2-

w = (Triby width) x 50 x 1.5 = 141.7 kN/m

683 for 533UB92


678 for 533UB82

UB533

12

PGUSSET

9.6

SECTION O-O

Figure 10: Bending Restrained by Stiffeners

683 - 177 u 2 329 for 533UB92


Lever arm =
678 - 177 u 2 324 for 533UB82

Load applied to gusset, PGUSSET

Trib y width u

Clear Span
u 50 u 1.5
2

Max. tributary width for Upper Mezzanine gussets =

1889  944
1416mm (Ref: Figure 6)
2

From previous, clear span = 3.52 0.3 = 3.22m; ? PGUSSET

1.416 u

3.22
u 50 u 1.5 171 kN
2

? Bending moment restrained by 12 PL stiffeners on Upper Mezzanine detail,

M GUSSET 171 u 0.329  1.416 u 50 u 1.5 u

0.3292
2

62 kNm

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Max. tributary width for Lower Mezzanine gussets =

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1228  1889
1558mm (Ref: Figure 7)
2

From previous, clear span = 3.12 0.3 = 2.82m; ? PGUSSET

1.558 u

2.82
u 50 u 1.5 165 kN
2

? Bending moment restrained by 12 PL stiffeners on Lower Mezzanine detail,

M GUSSET

0.3242
165 u 0.324  1.558 u 50 u 1.5 u
2

60 kNm

Maximum bending moment taken by gusset = 62 kNm occurring in the Upper Mezzanine.
Effective section properties for Section O-O in Figure 11 are listed below:

? Max. bending stress in the gusset, fb

62 u 106
257.4 u 103

241 MPa < 0.6 x 250x 1.7 = 255 MPa OK

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Checking Bending in Combined Double-TEE Section


The blast loads are to be transmitted to the deck plate via the double-TEE

UB533

MTEE

TEE171x178

177

TEE171x178x26

177

w = (Triby width) x 50 x 1.5 = 141.7 kN/m

L = 683 for 533UB92 Upper Mezz


678 for 533UB82 Lower Mezz

PGUSSET

Figure 11: Bending in Double-Tee Section

From previous, maximum PGUSSET = 171 kN and occurs in Upper Mezzanine.


? The max bending moment in the double-TEE, M TEE

PGUSSET u L  (Trib y width) u 50 u 1.5 u

M TEE 171 u 0.683  1.416 u 50 u 1.5 u

0.6832
2

L2
2

166 kNm

Note that for the purposes of checking the combined section, the blast load on the wall panels above the
deck are conservatively ignored as this would otherwise reduce the moment induced in the TEEs.

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The effective width of deck plate contributing to the section was assumed to be
249
249
B 2u
u t 2u
u 8 253mm
250
Fy
The combined effective section is illustrated below:

11.5

7.4

177

11.5

7.4

177

B = 253

171.5

Figure 12: Effective Double TEE Section

Section properties for the combined section are as follows:

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The maximum bending stress occurs in the bottom fibre, fb

M TEE
Z BOTTOM

166 u 10 6
811.1 u 103

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205 MPa and is

in compression.
Length of compression flange, Lb = 1930mm (Refer drawings T3000DS223.1001 and .1003)

From Reference [7], Lc

200 bf 200 u 171.5


2169 mm

Fy
250

smaller 137895
137895
3073mm

d Af Fy 354 1972 u 250

Lb = 1930mm < Lc = 2169mm


? Fb = 0.6Fy x 1.7 = 0.6 x 250 x 1.7 = 255 MPa > fb = 205 MPa OK

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Upper Panel Support Type 2

This support type is detailed on Section E on T3000DS323.3002 and is used at both lower and upper
mezzanine deck levels.
1930

370

D
150x75x15
8
8

220x10 FLAT
6

- TEE171x178 -

PG01 / PG02

8
8

-2
0-

W.P.

10
10

TYP

x
dia
168

0w
11.

t
T
250

YP

-2
0-

23.1

10
10
W.P.

SECTION

E
E
E
E
323.1001 323.1002 323.1007 323.1008

200x150x16 (Refer TDRQ ANGEL-S-155 in Appendix C)

Figure 13: Blast Wall Support at Mezzanine Deck Levels

Checking 200x150x16 Angle


OK by inspection since height of wall panels supported is less than those checked previously (Refer
Section 4.1).
Checking Horizontal Spanning of Wall Support Between Braces
The maximum spacing between such supports is 3.435m (See T3000DS323.1001) The distance
between T.O.S. of Lower Mezzanine and the underside of the PG01 of the Upper Mezzanine = 3.05m.
Therefore the clear spacing between tips of angle supports = 3.05 0.3 = 2.75m
Load to tip of 200x150x16 angle, PPANELS =

2.75
u 50 u 1.5 103.1 kN/m
2

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1930

D
300

- TEE171x178 -

PG01
-2
0-

W.P.

x
dia
168

16

0w
11.

t
250

P
TY

23.1

200x150x16

PPANELS
W.P.

Figure 14: Checking Horizontal Spanning of Support


2

The maximum bending moment M

>103.1  75 u (0.5  0.15)@u 2.75


8

143.5 kNm

The effective section spanning between braces is shaded. Section properties are listed below.

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? Maximum bending stress occurs in left fibre, fb

Phase/CTR
Page

M
Zyy min

143.5 u 10 6
814.4 u 10 3

27

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176 MPa

Fy for PG01 is 345 MPa ? Fb = 0.6 x 345 x 1.7 = 352 MPa > fb OK

At right-most fibre, fb

M
Zyy right

143.5 u 10 6
988.5 u 10 3

145 MPa < Fb = 0.6 x 250 x 1.7 = 255 MPa OK

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28

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Checking Axial Load in Brace

1930

PG01

D
506

- TEE171x178 -

W.P. A

-2
0-

217
8
8

10
10

x
dia
168

0w
11.

t
250

P
TY

23.1

PH
200x150x16

PPANELS
W.P.

Figure 15: Loads Acting onBrace

From drawings T3000DS323.1001, 1002, 1007 and 1008, the maximum tributary width restrained by the
brace = 3.0m
? PPANELS = 3.0 x 103.1 = 309.3 kN

And PH

1.15 2
PPANELS u 1.15  w u 3 u

1.0

? Axial compression in brace, PAX =

1.15 2
309.3 u 1.15  75 u 3 u

1.0

PH
cos 23.1O

For 168 dia x 11.0 wt brace, L = 1930 2  823 2


Z = 200E3 mm3 and r = 55.6mm
? fac

548.5 u 10 3
5425

504.5
cos 23.1O

504.5 kN

548.5 kN

2098mm ; A = 5425 mm2, I = 16.8E6 mm4

101 MPa ; and Fac = 130 MPa x 1.7 = 221 MPa > fac

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Checking Moment Induced by Eccentricity of Work-Point from Deck Plate:


Total mmt at work-point A induced by eccy from deck plate = PH x 0.177 = 504.5 x 0.177 = 89 kNm
Distribute moment to TEE and brace according to stiffness as follows:
(I/L)BRACE = 16.8E6 / 2098
Length of TEE = 1930mm and effective section properties are summarised below:

? (I / L)TEE = 33.667E6 / 1930

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Moment distributed to TEE, MTEE

M TOTAL u I / L TEE
I/L TEE  (I/L) BRACE

89 u 33.667E6 / 1930
33.667E6/1 930  (16.8E6/20 98)

61 kNm

Moment distributed to brace, MBR

MTOTAL u I / L BRACE
I/L TEE  (I/L) BRACE

89 u 16.8E6 / 2098
33.667E6/1 930  (16.8E6/20 98)

28 kNm

? Max bending stress in TEE, fb = 61E6 / 355.7E3 = 171 MPa < 0.6 x 250 x 1.7 = 255 MPa OK
Maximum live load on TEE = 15 kPa x 0.33 = 4.95 kPa
? Bending moment in TEE due to live load | 4.95 x 1.932 / 8 = 2.3 kNm
Maximum bending stress due to Live load, fb = 2.3E6 / 355.7E3 = 6 MPa Negligible and OK
Bending stress in brace, fb = MBR / Z = 28E6 / 200E3 = 140 MPa < 0.75 Fy x 1.7 = 306 MPa OK
Combined stresses in brace:
F' e

12S 2E
2
23 KL/r

12S 2 u 2.05E5
23 1.0 u 2100
55.6

fa Cm fb x  fb y

fa
Fa

1 Fb
F'
e

fa

0.6Fy

fb x  fb y
Fb

Brace is adequate

740 MPa ; Since this is a blast condition, Fe = 740 x 1.7 = 1258 MPa

101 1.0 u 140 2  0 2



101
221

1 306
1258

0.95  1.0 OK

140 2  0 2
101

306
0.6 u 240 u 1.7

0.87  1.0 OK

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Checking Gusset Welds at Ends of Brace:

1930

PG01

D
506

- TEE171x178 -

W.P.

-2
0-

217
8
8

10
10

x
dia
168

0w
11.

t
250

P
TY

23.1

10
10

TYP

PH
200x150x16

PPANELS
W.P.

Figure 16: Checking Welds to Gussets

Lower Gusset:
Horizontal weld between 20mm thick gusset and bottom flange of plate girder:
Load to be carried by 10mm double-sided fillet weld between gusset and flange = PH = 504.5 kN
Length of weld = 217mm
? fvw

504.5E3
10
2u
u 217
2

164 MPa  Fvw

0.3 u 410 u 1.7 209 MPa OK

Vertical component of brace axial load, Pv = PH x tan 23.1 = 215.2 kN


? fvw

215.2E3
68 MPa  Fvw
8
2u
u 281
2

0.3 u 410 u 1.7 209 MPa OK

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32

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Upper Gusset:
Horizontal weld between upper gusset and underside of TEE 171 is 8mm double-sided fillets x 506mm
long. Capacity = 0.3 x 410 x 1.7 x 2 x 506 x 8 / 2 = 1197 kN OK by inspection
Gusset to Tubular Welds:
Welds between 168 dia tubular and gusset are to carry PAX = 548.5 kN
Weld capacity = 0.3 x 410 x 1.7 x 4 x 250 x 10 / 2 = 1478 kN OK

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4.3

Phase/CTR

33

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Upper Panel Support Type 3

This panel support type is used on the upper mezzanine level east of Grid 3. The distance from the
T.O.S. of the lower mezzanine to the underside of the PG02 at upper mezzanine level = 3.05m.
? The clear span between the tips of the 150mm high support angles is 3.05 0.15 x 2 = 2.75m
Load to tip of 200x150x16 angle, PPANELS =

2.75
u 50 u 1.5 103.1 kN/m
2
D

150x75x15
220x10 FLAT
6

UB762
- UB305x165x40 -

PG02

W.P.

250
TYP

10
10

TYP

-2
0

TH

8
8
25
TYP

168

dia

.0 w
x 11

19.8

-2

TH

8
8

A
25

CJP

W.P.
200x150x16

SECTION

F
323.1008

-2
0

TH

300

25

SECTION

A
-

Figure 17: Upper Wall Panel Support Type 3

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Checking 200x150x16 Angle


OK by inspection since height of wall panels supported is less than those checked previously (Refer
Section 4.1).
Checking Horizontal Spanning of Wall Support Between Braces
The maximum spacing between such supports is 3.17m (See T3000DS323.1008) This is less than the
previously checked span of 3.435m checked for the same height wall panels in Section 4.2 above.
The plate girder to which the 200x150x16 angle is attached is a PG02 which has a wider flange and is
therefore stronger than the PG01 checked in Section 4.2
By inspection the detail has sufficient capacity to span between the braces.
Checking Axial Load in Brace

697

W = 50 x 1.5 = 75 kPa

1150

303

The maximum tributary width restrained by the brace = (2.78 + 3.17) / 2 = 2.975m | 3.0m

Figure 18: Loads Acting on Brace

? PPANELS = 3.0 x 103.1 = 309.3 kN

And PH

1.15 2
P
1.15
w
3
u

u
u

PANELS
2

1.0

1.15 2
309.3
1.15
75
3
u

u
u

1.0

504.5 kN

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? Axial compression in brace, PAX =

PH
cos 19.8 O

For 168 dia x 11.0 wt brace, L = 1930 2  697 2


Z = 200E3 mm3 and r = 55.6mm
? fac

536.2 u 10 3
5425

Phase/CTR
Page

504.5
cos 19.8 O

35

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536.2 kN

2052mm ; A = 5425 mm2, I = 16.8E6 mm4

99 MPa ; and Fac = 130 MPa x 1.7 = 221 MPa > fac

Checking Moment Induced by Eccentricity of Work-Point from Deck Plate:


Total mmt at work-point A induced by eccy from deck plate = PH x 0.303 = 504.5 x 0.303 = 153 kNm
Distribute this moment to UB305x40 and brace according to relative stiffness as follows:
(I/L)BRACE = 16.8E6 / 2052
Length of UB305x40 = 1930mm and ignoring the contribution of the deck plate, I = 85.03E6 mm4
(I/L)BEAM = 85.03E6 / 1930
(NB: Ignoring the contribution of the deck plate will result in a greater proportion of the moment at the
joint being shared by the brace. This is conservative for the brace. It is also conservative for the UB305
since the contribution of the deck plate to its strength is ignored)
Moment distributed to UB305,
M TOTAL u I / L UB305
153 u 85.03E6 / 1930
MUB305
129 kNm
I/L UB305  (I/L) BRACE 85.03E6/19 30  (16.8E6/2052)
Moment distributed to brace, MBR

M TOTAL u I / L BRACE
I/L UB305  (I/L) BRACE

153 u 16.8E6 / 2052


85.03E6/19 30  (16.8E6/20 52)

24 kNm

? Max bending stress in the UB305x40, fb = 129E6 / 560E3 = 230 MPa < 0.6 x 250 x 1.7 = 255 MPa
OK
Maximum live load on the UB305 = 15 kPa x 0.33 = 4.95 kPa
? Bending moment in UB305 due to live load | 4.95 x 1.932 / 8 = 2.3 kNm
Maximum bending stress due to live load, fb = 2.3E6 / 560E3 = 4 MPa Negligible and OK
Bending stress in brace, fb = MBR / Z = 24E6 / 200E3 = 120 MPa < 0.75 Fy x 1.7 = 306 MPa OK
Combined stresses in brace:
The combined stresses in the brace are OK by inspection since the axial and bending stresses as well as the
length of the brace are all less than checked previously for the Type 2 support in Section 4.2 above.

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36

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Checking Gusset Welds at Ends of Brace:


D
150x75x15
220x10 FLAT
6

UB762
- UB305x165x40 -

PG02

W.P.

250
TYP

10
10

554

TYP
-2
0

TH

8
8
25
TYP

dia
168

x 11

.0 w

19.8

-2
0

TH

8
8

A
-

PH

CJP
467

SECTION

F
323.1008

25

-2

TH

300

25

SECTION

A
-

Figure 19: Weld Details at Brace Ends

Horizontal 8mm Double-Side Fillet Weld on Lower Gusset:


Weld is required to carry the horizontal component of the brace axial force, PH = 504.5 kN
Weld length = 467mm ? Weld capacity = 0.3 x 410 x 2 x 467 x 8 / 2 x 1.7 = 1105 kN OK
All other welds are adequate by inspection.

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4.4

Phase/CTR
Page

37

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Upper Panel Support Type 4

This support type is used to support the upper ends of the blast wall panels spaning between the upper
mezzanine and the underside of the PG02 one metre north of Grid D. The support is detailed as
Section D on drawing T3000DS324.1007 and is reproduced below.

Figure 20: Panel Support Type 4


The distance from T.O.S of the upper mezzanine to the underside of the PG02 supporting the tops of
the panels is 5.3m. ? The clear distance between the 150 high support angles is 5.3 0.3 = 5.0m

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? The dynamic end reaction applied to the tip of the 350x150x20 angle by the panels,
5.0
PPANELS
u 50 u 1.5 187.5 kN/m
2
Checking Bending in 350x150x20 Bent Angle:
Max bending moment in angle, M = 187.5 x 0.15 + 50 x 1.5 x 0.152/2 = 29 kNm/m
Mill certificates for this material (Refer Appendix C) indicate a yield stress Fy = 307 MPa
Booths calculations, Reference [2], specify a strain rate enhancement factor of 1.29 for this blast load.
Therefore the dynamic yield stress for this material, Fyd = 1.29 x 307 = 396 MPa
Plastic moment of resistance, Mp

t2
Fyd
4

20 2
u 396 39.6 kNm / m
4

? UC = M / Mp = 29 / 39.6 = 0.73 350x150x20 bent angle is OK


Checking Bending in Deck Stringers:
The blast load on support angles and on the web of the PG02 are transferred to the deck plate at main
deck level via the gusset and deck stringers. The eccentricity of the load application from the deck plate
induces a bending moment in the deck stringers.
The maximum spacing between the deck stringers on the main deck is 1000mm and the minimum
stringer size is UB406x178x54.

Figure 21: Loads Acting on Panel Support Type 4

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Total load resisted by deck plate per stringer,


R P PPANELS  W u 1.15 u Triby width 187.5  75 u 1.15 u 1.0

Phase/CTR

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Page

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273.75 kN

Bending moment applied to deck stringer by blast,


1.15 2
1.15 2
MS PPANELS u 1.15  W u
u Triby width 187.5 u 1.15  75 u
u 1.0
2
2

265.2 kNm

The bending moment is resisted by a combined section comprising 10mm thick deck plate plus
UB406x54 as illustrated below:

Figure 22: Combined Section- Stringer + Deck Plate

The effective width of deck plate contributing to the combined section = 178  2 u
The section properties for the combined section are listed below:

249
250

u 10

493 mm

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265.2E6
250 MPa occurring in the
1061.9E3
tension fibres at the bottom. The allowable bending stress for the blast condition,
Fb = 0.6 x 250 x 1.7 = 255 MPa

The maximum bending stress in the combined section, fb

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This maximum bending moment occurs at the southern end of the deck stringers and decreases linearly
along the length of the member.
The UB406x54s span 4.75m between primary girders and are also required to support operating loads
on the main deck. The main deck above these stringers is a laydown area with maximum operating
load of 25 kPa. Applying a reduction factor of 0.33 to the maximum live load as per Reference [5], the
live load UDL = 25 x 0.33 = 8.25 kPa
Assuming a dead load UDL of 1.75 kPa, the total downward acting UDL = 10 kPa
?This results in a maximum bending moment at mid-span of 10 x 4.752 / 8 = 28.2 kNm but negligible
bending at the ends of the stringers.
The total bending moment at mid-span = 28.2 + 265.2 / 2 = 160.8 kNm
? At mid-span, maximum fb

160.8E6
1061.9E3

151MPa and is OK by inspection.

NB: Have conservatively ignored the fact that the blast would also apply an upward load on the deck
which would counter the bending in the stringers due to the blast load on the wall and to deck loads.
Checking Gusset Details:

Figure 23: Gusset Details

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Checking Welds Between 12PL Gusset and Flange of PG02:


From previous, PPANELS = 187.5 kN

? Shear force to be resisted by 152 long x 10mm DSFW = 187.5 + (0.15 + 0.02) x 75 = 200.25 kN
For 10mm DSFW, fvw

200.25E3
10
2u
u 152
2

93 MPa OK by inspection

Checking Shear in 12PL Gusset:


Shear in 12mm thick gusset plate, fv

200.25E3
12 u 152

110 MPa < Fv = 0.4 x 250 x 1.7 = 170 MPa ? OK

Checking Bending in Gusset at Interface with Deck Stringer:


Lever arm = 747mm (see Figure 23 above)
Total blast load to be transferred = PPANELS + 0.747 x W x 1.0 = 187.5 + 0.747 x 75 x 1 = 243.5 kN
Bending moment at O-O: BM PPANELS u 0.747 

W u 0.747 2
2

187.5 u 0.747 

75 u 0.747 2
2

161 kNm

The effective section resisting this moment includes part of the 16mm thick web of the plate-girder as
illustrated below.

Figure 24: Effective Section at O-O

Section properties are listed overpage.

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The maximum bending stress occurred in the left-most fibre, fb


Fb = 0.6 x 250 x 1.7 = 255 MPa > fb OK

Phase/CTR
Page

161E6
1035.9E3

43

155 MPa

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Checking Welds Between Back-up Stiffeners and Web of 406UB:


10
10

7.7

V
M

CJP

12 thk
155 MPa
158

Figure 25: Detail on Back-up Stiffeners

Shear to be carried by weld, V 155 u 12 u


Shear stress in weld, fv

140E3
10
178 u 2 u
2

158 - 7.7
2 u 1000

140 kN

56 MPa OK by inspection.

Conservatively assume that this weld also resists the moment due to the eccentricity of the load
0.158
application. M | 140 u
5.53 kNm
4
fbw

5.53E6 u 6
10
2u
u 178 2
2

74 MPa

Resultant stress on weld, f VR

56 2  74 2

All other details are OK by inspection.

93 MPa OK by inspection.

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APPENDIX A Booths Wall Drawings

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APPENDIX B DCNs Affecting Booths Drawings

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APPENDIX C TDRQs Affecting Wall Supports

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APPENDIX D Tertiary Steel Drawings Wall Supports

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