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PROFORMA KURSUS

PUSAT PENGAJIAN SAINS SEKITARAN DAN SUMBER ALAM


FAKULTI SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI
UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA

Pusat Pengajian Sains Sekitaran Dan Sumber Alam


School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences
STAL2522

SEMESTER II

Pensyarah/Lecturer:

SESI 2014/2015

Prasyarat/Pre-requisites:

Prof Madya Dr Zaidi Che Cob (Penyelaras) Tiada


En. Wan Mohd Lotfi Wan Muda
Dr Abdullah Samat
Prof Madya Dr Masni Md Ali

1.0 Hasil Pembelajaran / Learning outcomes


Di akhir kursus, pelajar mampu:
At the end of the course, students will be able to:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

v.

Berkebolehan menerangkan ciri-ciri asas fizikal lautan


Ability to describe the physical characters of the ocean
Berkebolehan menerangkan asas kepelbagaian organisma marin
Ability to describe the basic biodiversity of marine organisms
Berupaya memperihalkan ekosistem dan habitat marin
Ability to describe the marine ecosystem and habitat
Berkebolehan membincangkan kepelbagaian sumber dan kepentingan kepada
ekonomi.
Ability to discuss the variability of resources and their importance to the
economy.
Berupaya menhjelaskan konsep konservasi marin
Ability to define the marine conservation concept

2.0 Sinopsis/Synopsis
Lautan adalah sumber semulajadi Bumi yang paling besar, paling penting dan paling
berharga. Laut membekalkan sumber makanan kepada manusia, sangat penting dalam
pengangkutan, sumber utama minyak, gas asli dan berbagai jenis mineral, dan
sebagainya. Dalam kursus ini hubungan manusia dengan lautan, samada dari sudut
ekologi, sosial, mahupun ekonomi akan diperhalusi. Pelajar juga akan didedahkan kepada
status dan keadaan semasa lautan dan kelestarian sumber di dalamnya, Selain daripada itu
impak pembangunan dan aktiviti manusia terhadap lautan, serta langkah-langkah
konservasi dalam melestarikan ekosistem laut juga akan dibincangkan.
The ocean is the largest, the most important and the most valued of the Earths natural
resources. The sea provides food for human, important for transportation, major source
of oil, natural gas and various minerals, among others. In this course the relationship
between mankind and the ocean, from the aspects of ecology, social, and economy will be
discussed. Student will also be exposed to the current status and condition of the sea and
sustainability of its resources. Apart from that, the impact of development and human
activities on the ocean, and conservation measures to conserve marine ecosystems will
also be discussed.
3.0 Rujukan/References
Atrill, M.J. 2011. Marine Ecology: Processes, Systems, and Impacts. Oxford University
Press.
Barnes, R.S.K. and R.N. Hughes. 1999. An introduction to marine ecology. 3rd edn.
Blackwell Scientific Publications, 286 pp.
Bertness, M.D., S.D. Gaines and M.E. Hay (eds.) 2001. Marine community ecology,
Sinauer Associates, 550 pp.
Hofer, T.N. 2008. Marine Pollution: New Research. Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Knauss, J.A. 2005. Introduction to Physical Oceanography. Waveland Press. 309 pp.
Levinton, J.S. 1982. Marine Ecology, Prentice-Hall, 526 pp.
Pilson, M.E.Q. 2013. An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea. Cambridge University
Press.
Rumley,D., S. Chaturvedi, V. Sakhuja. 2009. Fisheries Exploitation in the Indian Ocean:
Threats and Opportunities. ISEAS Publishing, Singapore.
Tietze, U.; Haughton, M.; Siar, S.V. 2006. Socio-economic indicators in integrated
coastal zone and community-based fisheries management Case studies from the
Caribbean. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 491. Rome. FAO. 2006. 208p.
UNEP 2006. The State of the Marine Environment: Trends and Processes. UNEO/GPA,
The Hague.

4.0 Jam Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran / Teaching and Learning Hours


Aktiviti
Kuliah
Kerjalapangan:
- Persampelan makrobenthos di Mersing
Makmal:
- Membuat kerja makmal secara individu.
- Memisahkan makrobenthos daripada sedimen.
- Mengasing dan mengenalpasti makrobenthos ke tahap
Famili.
- Membuat analisa statistik
Tugasan/Laporan
- Membuat pembentangan dan laporan individu
Pembelajaran sendirian
Menduduki peperiksaan pertengahan semester
Menduduki peperiksaan akhir semester
Jumlah

Jam Pertemuan
12
5
3

9
50
1
1
81

5.0 Pelaksanaan / Implementations


Minggu
1
2
3

4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

12
13
14
15

Topik
Pengenalan
Introduction
Fizik Lautan dan Hidrosfera
The ocean physical and hydrosphere
Biosfera Lautan mikrob hingga
makroinvertebrata
The ocean biosphere microbes to
macroinvertebrates
Biosfera Lautan ikan hingga mamalia
The ocean biosphere- fish to mammals
Habitat dan ekosistem marin I
The marine habitat and ecosystems-I
Habitat dan ekosistem marin II (PBL)
The marine habitat and ecosystems-II
Sumber marin dan penggunaan-I
The ocean resources and utilization -1
Midsem
Sumber marin dan penggunaan-II (PBL)
The ocean resources and utilization II
Ekonomi Perkapalan dan Pelancongan
The economics shipping and tourism
Penimbal Cuaca dan Perubahan Cuaca
Lautan
Climate buffer and ocean climate change
Impak manusia dan pencemaran
Human impact and pollution
Pengurusan dan Konservasi Laut
Management and conservation of the sea
Ulangkaji
Peperiksaan
JUMLAH

Kuliah
1

Lapangan

Makmal

1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
0
0
14

6.0 Penilaian / Evaluations


Perkara
Peperiksaan Akhir
Peperiksaan pertengahan
Kerjalapangan/Amali
Pembentangan/Tugasan/PBL

Peratusan/percentage
40 60 %
20 40 %
10 30 %
10-30%