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Directions: Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct

response. Only one response is correct.


It is generally believed that the Second World War began on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland
by Germany. Some historians link it to the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on July 7, 1937.
According to AJP Taylor, two wars were fought simultaneously; the Sino-Japanese War in East Asia and a
Second European War in Europe and her colonies. These two wars merged in 1941 resulting in a single
global armed conflict that continued till 1945. There is not a single universally agreed upon date of the end
of the Second World War either. It is believed that the conflict ended with the armistice of August 14, 1945,
popularly known as the Victory over Japan Day (VJ Day), a few days before the formal surrender of Japan on
September 2, 1945. According to some European Historians, it ended as early as on May 8, 1945, known
as the Victory in Europe Day (VE Day).

The main purpose of the text is

1.

to throw light on the views of AJP Taylor about the beginning of World War II

2.

to highlight the generally held view about the start and end of World War II

3.

to prove that World War II did not end on particular day throughout the world

4.

to discuss the varying views about the start and end of World War II

Directions: Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct
response. Only one response is correct.
As the earth rotates, a sequence of two high tides, separated by two low tides, is produced each day. Twice
in each lunar month, when the sun, moon, and earth are directly aligned, with the moon between the earth
and the sun (at new moon) or on the opposite side of the earth from the sun (at full moon), the sun and the
moon exert their gravitational force in an additive fashion. Higher high tides and lower low tides are
produced. These are called spring tides. At two positions 90 degrees in between, the gravitational forces of
the moon and sun tend to counteract each other. These are called neap tides.

Which of the following most accurately summarizes the opinion of the author in the text?

1.
2.
3.

4.

Tides involve alternating rise and fall in the large water bodies of the earth.
The moon and the sun act to add or counteract the tide generating effect of each other.
Tides are caused by the gravitational attraction of the sun and the moon.
The period between succeeding tides varies as the result of movements of the sun and the
moon.

Directions: Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More
than one response is correct.

Observe the dilemma of the fungus: it is a plant, but it possesses no chlorophyll. While all other plants put
the suns energy to work for them combining the nutrients of ground and air into the body structure, the
fungus must look elsewhere for energy supply. It finds it in those other plants which, having received their
energy free from the sun, relinquish it at some point in their cycle either to animals (like us humans) or to
the fungi.
In this search for energy the fungus has become the earths major source of rot and decay. Wherever you
see mould forming on a piece of bread, or a pile of leaves turning to compost, or a blown-down tree
becoming pulp on the ground, you are watching a fungus eating. Without fungus action the earth would be
piled high with the dead plant life of past centuries. In fact, certain plants which contain resins that are toxic
to fungi will last indefinitely; specimens of the redwood, for instance, can still be found resting on the forest
floor centuries after having been blown down.

Question 3 of 15
Which of the following statements in respect of the fungus cannot be derived from the text?

1.

Fungus cleans up the planet for us.

2.

Fungus is a non-parasitic plant.

3.

Mould is a representation of fungus.

4.
5.

Fungus cannot eat some types of dead matter.


Fungus cannot source energy at its own

Directions: Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one
response is correct.
It is necessary to have a standard of education. We can set two sorts of standards there. First, a minimum
standard below which no one is allowed to fall, in the shape of so many years of elementary education in
such and such subjects. And secondly, and in a way even more important, a standard of equal opportunity
for all, to ensure that no boy or girl is deprived of the chance of climbing to the top of the educational ladder
through poverty or the accidents of birth. There are also standards of economic security. During the recent
past, the sense of insecurity has been the single greatest cause, both of individual anxiety and frustration,
and of social instability and unrest. A state must see to it that it gives to all its citizens minimum standards
of security against ill health, against unemployment, against widowhood, against old age.
Issues of social security are, therefore, interlinked, irrespective of whether they are in the field of basic
education, basic health, employment or even protection against economic needs arising out of old age,
disability etc. The state expenditure on social security is bound to fall upon the shoulders of the society at
large. A society that cannot take due care of such basic needs of each and every of its members is not fit to
be called in the true sense of the term.

Question 4 of 15

Which of the following statements in respect of education and social security are true as per the text?

1.
2.

Equality of opportunity is a cornerstone of the standard of education.


The state is obligated to cater to the basic needs of its citizens.

3.

A socially insecure person depends on the state to find a secure job.

4.

It is not possible to take the issues of health and education in isolation.

5.

Every citizen has an inherent right to climb to the top of the educational ladder.

The text boxes in the left panel have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order by
dragging the text boxes from the left panel to the right panel.
1. A perfect voice speaks so directly to the soul of the hearer that all appearance of artfully prepared
effect is absent.
2. Every tone sung by a consummate vocal artist seems to be poured forth freely and spontaneously.
3. There is no evidence of calculation, of carefully directed effort, of attention to the workings of the
voice, in the tones of a perfect singer.
4. Yet if the accepted idea of Voice Culture is correct, this semblance of spontaneity in the use of the
voice can result only from careful and incessant attention to mechanical rules.
5. In no other form of expression do art and nature seem so closely identified as in the art of singing.
The text boxes in the left panel have been placed in a random order. Restore the original order by
dragging the text boxes from the left panel to the right panel.
1. Some people think that in this cooperative endeavour, the intelligent students stand to lose since
they cannot make the best of their talents, but this seems to be a vague fear.
2. It is only when a child works within a group that his qualities of leadership will manifest themselves.
3. His character will only be shaped by coming into contact with others and by working with them.
4. An important feature of modern education is that it encourages cooperation rather than competition.

5. In fact, personality development can only take place by working in co-operation with others and not
in isolation.

Question 7 of 15
Directions: In the text below, some words are missing. Drag words from the box below to the
appropriate place in the text. To undo an answer choice, drag the word back to the box below the text.
There are the pessimists, largely the biologists who think that we are alone, that the appearance of life
on Earth is a Blank 1 of such Blank 2 events that not even the astronomical numbers can compensate
for it. The Blank 3 are impressed by the vastness of the universe and think otherwise. For them, it is the
belief that once we know how life originates we will find it not such a rare Blank 4.
Tragic , optimistic , phenomenon , structure , combination , rare
Question 8 of 15
Directions: In the text below, some words are missing. Drag words from the box below to the
appropriate place in the text. To undo an answer choice, drag the word back to the box below the text.
True success requires respect, appreciation, integrity, and patience all of which are Blank 1 that by
human nature are genuinely difficult to Blank 2 especially in the face of modern marketers
who relentlessly deceive us, Blank 3 our thoughts, and usurp our independence in order to increase
their Blank 4.
Forfeit , trait , relinquish , control , integrity , bottomline , misery
Question 9 of 15
Directions: In the text below, some words are missing. Drag words from the box below to the
appropriate place in the text. To undo an answer choice, drag the word back to the box below the text.
Although George Orwell was an Blank 1 columnist and essayist as well as the author of nine published
books, nothing could have Blank 2 him for the success of the short novel, Animal Farm, so brief he had
considered self-publishing it as a Blank 3. The novel brought together important Blank 4 politics,
truth, and class conflictthat had concerned Orwell for much of his life.
Principle . pamphlet ,experienced , compendium , novice , themes
Question 10 of 15

Directions: In the text below, some words are missing. Drag words from the box below to the
appropriate place in the text. To undo an answer choice, drag the word back to the box below the text.
Early humans lived in China about 1.66 million years ago; they used stone Blank 1 on bones of deer to
butcher them for food. Ann Gibbons Blank 2 the various maverick fossil hunters such as Brunet and
Leakey who endured Blank 3 heat, blowing sand and other Blank 4 of fieldwork in Africa
Ornaments , weapons , extreme , extra , hazards
Flow , things ,tools
QUE-11
Hatshepsuts rule was free from wars and she got ample time to maintain religious, political and social
order. Her major policy was to expand the Egyptian trade and to maintain the order of her fathers legacy.
She sent Blank 1 to the land of Punt searching for the ivory, animals, spices and gold and aromatic trees
that Egyptians coveted. The details of these expeditions are well documented in the hieroglyphic Blank
2 on the walls of her temple. She also sent Thothmese III with huge army to Nubian and after the
campaign she assumed the title of the King of lower Egypt. Being the fifth ruler of the 18 th dynasty,
she Blank 3 many things in her kingdom. She became the pioneer of strong female Egyptian rulers going
as forward as Cleopatra. At Karnak, she repaired many temples, assuring herself the favours of the
Egyptian priests. She ordered to build a tomb in the Valley of the Kings which was never completed. Her
famous Mortuary Temple is an excellent piece of architecture. A tree lined Blank 4 of sphinxes led up to
the temple, and ramps led from terrace to terrace. The south side reliefs of the middle terrace show the
Queens expedition to the land of Punt. Throughout the temple, statues and sphinxes of the Queen
Blank 5.
1- Company , expedition , missionaries , troops
2- description , sides , history , inscriptions
3- accomplished , ruled out , vanished ,. Damaged
4- tunnel , outlet , avenue , exit
5- extinct , escalated , proliferated , diseased
Question 12 of 15
Directions: Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank; a list of choices will appear. Select the
appropriate answer choice for each blank.
Rudimentary elevators, or hoists, were in use during the Middle Ages and can be traced back to the third
century BC. They were Blank 1 by animal and human power or by water-driven mechanisms. The
elevator as we know it today was first Blank 2 during the 1800s and relied on steam or hydraulic
plungers for lifting capability. In the latter application, the cab was affixed to a hollow plunger that
lowered into an underground cylinder. Liquid, most commonly water, was injected into the cylinder to
create pressure and make the plunger elevate the cab, which would simply lower by Blank 3 as the
water was removed. Valves governing the water flow were manipulated by passengers using ropes
running through the cab, a/an Blank 4 later enhanced with the incorporation of lever controls and pilot
valves to regulate cab speed. The "granddaddy" of today's traction elevators first Blank 5 during the
19th century in the U.K., a "lift" using a rope running through a pulley and a counterweight tracking along
the shaft wall.

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Operated , completed , supported , provided


Established , constructed , developed , created
Gravity , power , magnitude
Order , apparatus , approach , system
Secured, emerged , appeared , acquired

Question 13 of 15
Directions: Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank; a list of choices will appear. Select the
appropriate answer choice for each blank.
The Eiffel Tower is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris. It is the
tallest structure in Paris and among the most Blank 1 symbols in the world. The structure was built
between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World Fair marking the
centennial celebration of theFrench Revolution. The tower was Blank 2 on March 31, 1889, and opened
on May 6. The tower is constructed of 18,038 pieces of wrought iron held together with three and a half
million rivets. Because of this design, the risk of accident was great, for unlike modern skyscrapers the
tower is an open Blank 3 without any intermediate floors, except the two platforms. Yet, because Eiffel
took safety precautions including use of guard-rails and screens, only one man died, during the
installation of itselevators.
Named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, it is a premier tourist destination. On the Eiffel Tower,
seventy two names of French scientists, engineers and some other notable people are engraved in
recognition of their contributions by Gustave Eiffel. This engraving was painted over at the beginning of
the twentieth century and restored in 1986-1987 by Socit Nouvelle d'exploitation de la Tour Eiffel,
a Blank 4 contracted to operate business related to the Tower. The Tower is owned by the city of Paris.
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Verified , spotted , noticed , admitted ,recognized


Inaugurated , closed , installed , instituted ,introduced
Building , cage , frame , stage , system
Intuition , bank , company , person , organization

Question 14 of 15

Directions: Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank; a list of choices will appear. Select the
appropriate answer choice for each blank.
Scientists, artists, authors, inventors and many others create new and unique ideas which result in
products of different kinds from Blank 1 machinery to household gadgets, novels and films for
entertainment and mathematical or social concepts that changes the way people think and understand
events and situations. These are products of peoples minds and Blank 2. Human progress depends on
such developments. Without them life would not be as interesting and comfortable.
The Blank 3, in turn, must have a proportional right on such products of his mind, as much as he has
such rights in physical property that he owns. At the same time human progress requires that such
inventions and discoveries are Blank 4 and used widely. In this century many countries have got access
by imitation and usually without reward to the inventor.
There is always a Blank 5 between the need to provide incentives for discovery and invention and the
need to limit this incentive both to a time period and on cost. In this way, the rights to intellectual
property are looked at in a different way from physical property by society.

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Complex , plant , domestic , commercial


Bodies , brains , imaginations
Scientist , artist , inventor , discover
Disseminated , known , found , explained
Quarrel , conflict , discourse , paradox

Question 15 of 15

Directions: Below is a text with blanks. Click on each blank; a list of choices will appear. Select the
appropriate answer choice for each blank.
The first thing to be aimed by young should be a good character. In all their plans and future Blank 1 it
should form the grand starting point. It should be the foundation of every hope and thought of
prosperity as well as happiness in days to come. It is the basis on which a hope should mature to
full Blank 2. A good character established in the season of youth becomes rich and productive. Finally
the Tree of life would spring in a vigorous growth. Its roots would be deep and strong. The result
would be luxuriant foliage and boughs Blank 3 due to rich, golden fruit. The young who overlook these
and lay the foundation of their career without a worthy reputation lack long lived growth. A good name
earned in youth has a long way to go. But those who overlook this make a lamentable mistake, which
unless speedily corrected can prove disastrous throughout life. For a young man, a good character is
the best Blank 4 he can possess to start with in life. It is more dependable than gold. Reputation is
most important for success even during failure, for when money abandons, Blank 5 stays.

1- Viewpoints , prospects , venture , thoughts


2- Frutition , inclination , freedom ,implementation
3- Rising , bending , scaling , developing
4- Liability , capital , prospects , bet
5- character , planning , reputation , carrer