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CASESTUDY

A CONFLUENCE OF IDEAS

Chapter

Case studies

INTERNATIONALCONVENTIONCENTER
INTERNATIONALCONVENTIONCENTER ER

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A CONFLUENCE OF IDEAS

CASESTUDY

3.1INDIA HABITAT
CENTER

Plate no.3.1.a View Of India Habitat Centre

The India Habitat Centre is planned as an assemblage of institutions dealing with a wide
variety of issues related to habitat and also to house a variety of functions to stimulate and facilitate
many levels of interaction. It has been conceived as an ideal physical environment with a range of
facilities that would maximize the effectiveness of the individuals and institutions.

INTERNATIONALCONVENTIONCENTER
INTERNATIONALCONVENTIONCENTER ER

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S
E

Several leading corporate entities and nonprofit organizations like Tata Energy Research
Institute (TERI), HUDCO, NHB, CII, ILO
etc., sharing a common concern for the
'Habitat', have come together to participate in
this exciting venture of institution building.
IndiaHabitat Centre is now home not only to
these offices
and research
organizations but houses a club, India's most
comprehensive convention centre as well as
several restaurants and performance venues
for cultural activities.

W
N

The India Habitat Center was conceived to


provide a physical environment which would
serve as a catalyst for a synergetic relationship
between individuals and institutions working in
diverse habitat related areas and therefore,
maximize their total effectiveness.
Fig no. 3.1.a Ground Floor Plan Of IHC

3.1.1Intent of study:
1 To study the interrelationship between institutions
working in diverse habitat related fields brought
together in an integrated manner.
2
3 The common facilities provided for information,
dissemination the types, their sizes and location.
4
5 To study the environment created inside the
complex through different architectural elements,
faade treatment, materials, landscape and climatetempered courtyards.
6 To critically analyze the offices provided to various
institutions/Individual firms.
7
Finally to analyze the architectural character,
circulation-vehicular, and pedestrian, the services
provided and the parking for vehicles.

Plate no. 3.1.2.a View of North Block

LAYOUT OF INDIA HABITAT CENTRE


LODHI ROAD

VARDHAMAN ROAD

M
A
X

3.1.2 Location:
The India Habitat Centre (IHC) is located along the
Lodhi Road on the fringes of Lutyens Delhi. Spread
over nine acres of land IHC has a built-up area of
approximately one million square feet. The L shaped
site has frontage on the three sides. It is bounded by the
Max Muller Marg on west, the Vardhman Marg on
LODHI ROAD
south and the Lodhi road on the north. The Fourth side
is flanked by Bal Bharthi School. The complex is
accessible from three sides, the major pedestrian entrance
being from lodhi road on the north.
Fig no. 3.1.2.a Layout of India Habitat

M
U
L
L
E
R
R
O
A
D

3.1.3 Access;
The complex has an access from three sides
having the Lodhi Road on the north, Max
Muller Marg towards the west and Vardhaman
Marg on the southern side. Thus, it has three
main gates, referred to as gate no. 1, gate no. 2
and gate no. 3. Gate no. 2, on the Max Muller
Marg is the one, which directly leads to the
double level basement. The lifts then take to the
upper levels form this point. The other two gates
direct the vehicles to the surface parking that
has been provided. This parking basically caters
to the public areas like the conference hall,
Plate no 3.1.3 a Internal View of India Habitat Centre

3.1.4 Facilities:
1The I.H.C. provides the following facilities for
the use of member:
2 40,000 square meters of office accommodation
for institutions.
3 Conference rooms with a total capacity of 1000
in 10 locations of different configurations ranging
from 30 to 450.
4 60 Guest room, five suites, and five service
apartments.
5 Conference room, cafeteria, Restaurants and
Private Dinning room to handle approximately
1500 persons at a time.
6 A 700 sqm exhibition area with built in systems
and structures for multimedia exhibitions.
7 A 250 seat amphitheatre.
8 An auditorium with 500 capacity.

A unique library/resource center with e-mail


links to Resources Centers abroad.

Other facilities include an Art gallery,


Executive fitness center, Bank, Travel agency,

Gift shop, Dish antenna with multi-channel


cable TV and piped music, corporate Post
Office and underground parking 1000 cars and
2000 two-wheelers.
With 97,000m2 of built up area, Habitat
Centre provides a variety of related activities
and institutions, with a density of
approximately 1000-person/acre (total area= 9
acres).25 percent of the total area goes into the
landscaped courts.

3.1.5 The Spatial organization:


The habitat centre is organized as a series of
four to seven storey blocks around linked
shaded courtyards. The built forms are grouped
around climate tempered courts, shaded by
overhead sunscreens and are enlivened by
vertical gardens.
The complex has a very well planned segregation
of spaces. All blocks /areas, which are expected to
experience a large and regular inflow of public

have been placed very close to the entrances; the


office areas being given the access from the inside
of the courtyards. Although the public and the
semi-public areas have been placed in separate
built blocks, the courts and the landscape areas
form a very good connection between the two.
The landscape forms a very integral part of the
design and seems to be a part of the builtscape.

Table no. 3.1.5.a Area Statement Of IHC

3.1.6 The planning and important features:


1 The complex is accessed from all sides the major pedestrian entrance being from Lodhi Road on the
north. The distribution of various functions on the site is simple
2 The two blocks on Lodhi road are handed over to offices on the top and reserved for public facilities
on the ground floor.
The third block on the south, houses common facilities like a conference center, a large auditorium,
library and a guest house.
Two basements house all the parking and services extend under the entire block. Restaurants and
exhibition spaces on the ground floor open out into the courts, with the courts also being used for the
public
exhibitions.

SOUTH BLOCK
(AUDITORIUM, LIBRARY,
CONFERENCE CENTER)

NORTH BLOCK
(OFFICES ON TOP &
PUBLIC FACILITIES ON
GROUND FLOOR)

Plate no. 3.1.6.a View Showing Blocks Of IHC

The ground was perceived as a vehicle-free


environment, and a fairly elaborate system
worked out to deny entrance to all motorized
traffic except for repair and fire. All cars and
scooters are directed into two levels of basements.
The conference block is the only one that allows
entry to vehicles.Building volumes are articulated
to form interconnected internal courtyards that are
the major public spaces.

Plate no.3.1.6.b Green Space In The Courtyards

1
2Another factor that governs the design was the effort to modify the climate as much as possible by
non-mechanical means. Thus, the top two floors have been projected twice. This results in a building
shadow that is larger than its footprint it also creates a classical order of the pediment.
3
1The introduction of a sunscreen, a
highly dramatic feature of the IHC,
ingeniously protects the courtyard from
the summer glare while letting on the
winter sun, and is a very successful
innovation that greatly enhances the
enclosure qualities of the courts. Further
reduction in heat gain is achieved by
keeping the openings on the external
faade to less than 50% of the surface
area, while strip windows characterize the
facades around the courtyard .
2
Building blocks are grouped
around
climate tempered courts, shaded by
overhead sunscreens and enlivened by
vertical gardens.

Plate no.3.1.6.c Sunscreen above Courtyards

3.1.7 Important spaces and their functions:


The complex is planned and divided into two blocks:

North block
South block
3.1.7.1 North block:
The block adjoining the Lodhi Road and on the
northern side of the site is this block. North
Block is further divided into four zones 4, 5, 6
and 7. This block primarily comprises of office
places supported by different areas like lift
lobby, staircase, A.H.U. etc.

3.1.7.2 South block:

Plate no.3.1.7.1.a North Block

The IHC contains a variety of functions that cater


to almost all types of requirements. Major office
spaces are located in the blocks adjacent to the
main streets; the associated functions such as
guest rooms, staff quarters and the auditorium
are adjacent to the Lodhi Colony Housing. The
blocks housing the offices are articulated to
form the three courtyards, the ground floor of
which contain public functions such as
exhibition spaces, fast-food restaurants,
banks,etc and access to the vertical cores. The
blocks adjacent to the housing area have been
progressively reduced in volume and the
auditorium is set back substantially from the
plot ine to create a distinct entry.

This block is further divided into `two zones


1 & 2, and houses most of ancillary facilities for
the North block like residential guest rooms,
conference, library, health club, swimming pool
and restaurant etc. The zone 3 comprises of a
400 seats auditorium.

Plate no. 3.1.7.2.a South

3.1.7.3 AUDITORIUM BLOCK:


This block comprises of
auditoriums
of
varying
capacities
and
basement
theatres being used forth
conference purposes.
MAIN AUDITORIUM

Main auditorium has the


translation system for three
languages. It is easily operable
by the user as selection can be
done from the seats itself.
There is a provision for
controlling volume too.
Main auditorium is also
provided ith Mahagony room, a
hall suited for small gathering
with attached kitchenette and
washroom apart from control
rooms and projector room on
the first floor.

Fig no. 3.1.7.3.a

Plan Of Auditorium

Green room lacks the usual requirement of toilets.


Ground floor also has offices & coffee lounge.
The level difference between two-seat platforms is 16 which makes viewing bsolutely obstruction
free. This auditorium has been provided with balcony seating too.
Double wall system avoids sounds disturbance from outside.
Area of this auditorium is 6200 sq. ft. and it has a capacity of 537 persons

3.1.7.4 Office block:


1 General office spaces are located mainly
in the blocks adjacent to the main streets,
and are provided as free flowing spaces
without internal partitions.
Service core consisting of two lifts, one
staircase, A.H.U. room, electric and
telephone connections (adjustable), duct and
toilets for both sexes- serve the office space.
1
All office spaces have the flexibility of
providing their own wet areas apart from
those provided in the central court.

Plate no. 3.1.7.4.a

Office spaces measure approximately 14.15


m X 14.15 m, and 33.1 m X 14.75 m.
The entire building is air-conditioned and the
basements are mechanically ventilated.
ceiling, ceiling reduces to 3.0 m.

The floor-to-floor height is 3.75 m, but with


A.C. Ducts running across the height of office
space with false . ceiling reduces to 3.0 m.

There is sufficient light in the interiors of the


offices due to strip windows along the sidefacing courtyard.

Plate 3.1.7.5.a Entry To Convention Centre

3.1.7.5 Convention Center Block:


The convention centre provides the following:
Several halls with varied capacities, multimedia
and audio visual equipment.
*20 concurrent sessions are possible.
*Inbuilt archival system.
*Built in projection facilities.
*Secretariat and documentation centre.
*Finest banquets and innovative theme partie
Plate no 3.1.7.5.b View Of Convention Centre

Cultural and entertainment events diary


Covered parking for 1000 cars and 2000 two
wheelers.
A 535-seat auditorium apart from the following
meeting rooms has been provided.

Plate no 3.1.7.5.c View from front of convention

centre

3.1.8 Description of various facilities provided in the


convention
3.1.8.1 Business Centre
Documentation Centre has 6 cabins or 6 workstatio an be
hired for variable periods of time. Fitted with all modern
business documentation centre provides an ideal setting for
a , international conference basement areas.

Plate no 3.1.8.1.a Business Centre

3.1.8.2 Trinity Rooms (In basement)


Kadamba, Rudraksha and Amaltas are extremely flexible
set with individual as well as combined usage possibilities.
These can be used for workshops, boardmeetings, theatres
and cultural performances.
Plate no 3.1.8.1.b Internal View Of Trinity

3.1.8.3 Jacaranda
Elegantly carpeted jacaranda could be used as one
large space or further divided into independent
units for corporate meetings, seminars, workshops
and parties.
Jacaranda 1 - 1290sq.ft
Jacaranda 2 1290sq.ft
Plate no 3.1.8.3.a Internal View Of

3.1.8.4 Casuarina
A fixed seating hall equipped with state of the art,
multimedia facilities and each table equipped with
a set of mike, ideal for seminars, corporate
presentations, product launches.
Casuarinas 1520sq.ft

Plate no 3.1.8.4.a IntView Of Casuarina

3.1.8.5 Magnolia
A free seating h all allowing flexible seating
options suited for both conferences and party usage.

Plate no 3.1.8.5.a Internal View Of Magnolia

3.1.8.6 OUTDOOR VENUES:


AREA

SEATING

650

Margosa Lawn

5200

160

Silk Cotton Garden

2700

The Hub

85

Emerald Garden

2800

80

Cascade Court

12583

Palm Court

16170

The Plaza

4000

450

Silver Oak Garden

6000

Plate no 3.1.8.6.a Views of Landscaped Evirons Of

Thee beautifully landscaped environs of India


Habitat Centre provide brilliant outdoor party
and performance venues that could bestow that
extra sparkle upon any function.

3.1.9 ARCHITECTURAL
CHARACTERISTICS
3.1.9.1 THE BRIDGES:
The buildings are grouped around semi-covered courts and
linked at the 5th and 6th floor level and above by bridges to form
huge gateways for entrance into various zones/ courts. These
multi level bridges provide office spaces as well as links between
various building zones. The bridges form framed views and
vistas and complete the character of the enclosed courts.
Plate no 3.1.9.1.a Bridge Forming Huge

3.1.9.2 SHADING DEVICES:


Shading devices that reject and reflect the unwanted
solar energy provide a pleasant climate at low cost
without consumption of energy in their operation.
Although it is difficult to create energy it is easy to
deflect, absorb or even reject energy.
A system of open to sky, shaded canopies over the
large paved courts, provide relief from tropical sun
with fixed shade casting elements, devised to shade
the courtyards in summer, and the let in the sun in
the winter.
Such a shading device reduces load on air
conditioning system.
A 1.2m deep galvanized steel tubular framework
stretches edge to edge across the courtyard and is
anchored to concrete overhangs at the edges.
Shade casting leaves of PVC coated nylon fabric,
approximately 1.6x1.4m in size are anchored at the
predetermined angles within this framework to
provide shading element.

Plate no 3.1.9.2.a Shading Devices above

3.1.9.3 FINISHES
The external finish for the building was
originally visualized in brushed aggregate (grit),
carefully controlled to result in a dark base that
became a progressively lighter as the building was
viewed against the sky. This could not be
implemented because of the lack of skilled
labour.

1.

2
3
4

Exposed

brickwork with exposed R.C.C in


cantilevered corridors
Ceramic Tiles-Green, Red & Grey used in
extensions to defne verticality and also in interiors
of lobby and lifts are used to give an effect of flow

Plate no 3.1.9.3.a Exposed Brickwork

3.1.9.4 BUILT FORM


The I.H.C. has different Building volumes articulated to form
interconnected internal courtyards, which are the major public
spaceThe service cores rise to maximum height above rest of
the structure creating interesting blocking

Building blocks are linked at the fifth and sixth floor


level and above by bridges to form framed huge gateways
for entrance to various zones/court. The bridges form framed
view & vistas and complete the character of the enclosed
courts.
1 The roof of the building is designed as a series of terraces
accessible from various offices and restaurants.

3.1.9.5 LANDSCAPING
Each internal courtyard has been designed to impart a
distinct-identity to the spaces and is conducive to the type of
functions or activities that can be anticipated. This has been
achieved by paving patterns in different materials, the use of
water, a play of levels and plants
Plate no 3.1.9.5.a Water Bodies Provided
Stepped planters serve as sitting space too.

Palm trees have been planted to create a refreshing

To Cut the Rigidity of Harsh Material

environment inside.
Sculptures have been placed at strategic points creating an
element of interest.
Water ponds are provided to cut the rigidity of harsh
materials.

The

roof of the building, too, is designed as a series of


terraces, which have been entirely converted into roof
gardens.
The external spaces have a more formal quality, to act
as a foreground for the building.

The facades abound in window boxes, where plants


further soften the wall surfaces.

Plate no 3.1.9.b Landscaped

3.2 Vigyan bhavan

Vigyan Bhawan is Indias largest and most


prestigious conference center which has been
hosting numerous conventions and conference at
the national and international level as early as
from 1956 when it was designed and constructed
by CPWD. It is one of the centre in India whose
conferencing facilities can compete with those
in any corner of the world; very close to
international standards.
Fig no. 3.2 a Map Of Delhi

It has been venue for many historical and


politically relevant summits, seminars and
conferences, attended by distinguished world
centre world leaders and dignitaries. Various
NAM (non aligned movement) conferences, the
CHOGM (common wealth heads of government
meet) etc., first being the UNESCO conferences.
It was completely destroyed in a fire in1990 and
building contents and service systems such as
furnishings, false ceilings, electrical, air condi-

tioning and acoustics systems, water


supply and sanitation systems as well as
structure systems suffered extensive
damage. This building was renovated
by Raja Aderi Consultants Pvt Ltd.

Cultural events are not permitted in the


premises.

3.2.1 INTENT OF STUDY


To study the auditorium (capacity 1000) and its
different components
To study the conference halls.

The common facilities provided for information,

dissemination the types, their sizes and location.


To study faade treatment, materials, landscape
and climate-tempered courtyards.

To critically analyze the offices provided


to various institutions/Individual firms.
Finally to analyze the architectural
character, circulation-vehicular, and pedestrian,
the services provided and the parking for
vehicles. the environment created inside the
complex
through different architectural
elements,

3.2.2 LOCATION:
Vigyan Bhawan is located on Maulana Azad road some diatance away from the intersection of Rajpath
and Janpath. It is located between National Museum and vice presidents residence on the other side.
This building is hardly a furlong from the Rashtrapati Bhawan.

Fig no. 3.2.1 a Location Of Vigyan Bhavan

3.2.3 ACCESS:
This building is accessed from Maulana Azad road.
The main building has 3 entrances. Main front entry
is on southern side
facing Maulana Azad road.

Plate no. 3.2.3.a Main entrance from the Maulana Azad

3.2.4 CONCEPT
Dominance of main plenary hall surrounded on sides with
corridors leading to commission rooms and administration
offices.The whole building is purely functional with no
features of any style for Chaitya Arch to emphasize entries.
The whole building is artificially ventilated fence no
courtyards. The building is sadly lacking in relief spaces.

FORM
3.2.5
A cuboid mass, which gives no indication of its
functions. The white mass stands out because of its
bulk with little fenestrations. The entrance Arch of
the main building is all Granite and is the most
attractive Architectural element. It rest on red sand
stone podium and welcomes the visitor. The
western face done in sand stone demarcates the
block as separate entity. The Annexe building and
dining halls are cuboid masses subdued by main
block with no noticeable features.

3.2.6 GENERAL PLANNING:


Complex
Vigyan Bhawan consists of three building:
The main building
The annexe building
The dining hall

Entrances
The complex has three main entries
The western entry for VIP and delegates
The middle entry is for media, delegates,
members of main Vigyan Bhawan administration
and serves, kitchen etc. It also leads to telex,
bank, telephone kiosks.
The eastern entry is for annexe building used by
staff, delegates, media and serves as the service
entry for kitchen, A/C plant rooms etc.

Plate no. 3.2.6.a Entrance Arch In Granite

3.2.6.1 Main hall building


The main building a three storied structure with a
total plinth area of about 17222sq.mts has
following functional areas:
The main three storied consist of three parts :
The plenary hall i.e main auditorium hall.
Three committee rooms i.e halls 1,2&3
Two commission rooms i.e halls 4&5
Preview cum projection theatre i.e hall 6
VIP lounge & VIP dining hall.
Exhibition hall & business centre.
The administrative block with control rooms.
The rear portion consists of three committee
rooms, two commission rooms, one Projection
Theater, lounge and cafeteria.

Plate no. 3.2.6.b Internal View Of Central


Atrium

Foyer
Each of the 3 entrances leads onto a foyer
with one serving the main entrance being
the largest.
Main foyer has flight of steps leading to
the main hall and upper floors.
The space of the foyer is less as
compared to the capacity. This leads to the
congestion during peak hours.
Location of main lift bank for vertical
circulation is far away from the main entry
in VIP foyer.
The staff entry is on the other side and
has a chaitya arch in red sandstone, but of
smaller scale. The staff entry and the
offices placed on one end generate a well
defined staff movement.

Circulation
The main circulation is via a doubly
loaded corridor. There seems to be
absence of clarity in planning as one move
along them. The corridors are poorly lit.
Horizontal:
Corridors
are
the main form
of
horizontal
circulation

Fig no. 3.2.6.a Ground Floor Plan


Vertical:
Vertical
circulation in
the form of
stairs
and
escalators
provided
in
the
central

Fig no.. 3.2.6.b Vertical & Horizontal Circulation

Atrium
Ground floor has an atrium of 367 sqm.
Saling three floors of building height. It is
provided.With space frame and heat
reflecting glass roof which permits natural
light into the area. Used for dinning by the
conference attendees and is decorated with
a water fountain. The atrium can hold up
to 650 people while standing.

Plenary Hall
Heralded by the insignia of Vigyan Bhawan the
entrance foyer to this hall is a magnificent and
elegant sight with a plush interior.
The conference hall has a stage that is approached
by steps which give it a podium effect. It measures
42X48M.
Largest hall with 1285 seats \arranged in fan
shaped curvilinear staggered seating arrangement.
Extends from ground floor to first floor. It measures
42m x 48m.
It has fixed tables and moveable chairs for 900
and only fixed chairs for the rest.
Plate no. 3.2.6.c View Of Plenary Hall

St
age
The stage is far and can be approached directly
from the VIP entrance. It accommodates 37
people.Built in podium style the floor and
furniture is so designed so as to integrate the
conferencing system, the computer networking,
infra- red system and public address system.
Plate no. 3.2.6.d View Of

Ancillary facilities

There are press observer galleries accessible and


approached from second floor. There are three
balconies on either side of the hall on an average
height of 11m from the ground level.8 sound
control and interpretation room with SIS system.
There are rooms available for Doordarshan
accessible from first floor fitted with modern
techniques for direct relay from the hall.

Fig no. 3.2.6.c. VIP Entrance


Accommodating 37 people

Office block and Business center


The support offices for conventions are located in
the office block on the east side(770sqm).there are
15 rooms of 15.5sqm and 2 rooms of 47sqm. are
provided .
It has audio-video recording studio (29sqm.) for
on the spot interviews.
A business center with provision for a bank, travel
desk, post office, secretarial services and telephones
etc is located in the main atrium lobby.
The block is of load bearing masonry with R.C.C.
slabs for roof and terraces. The walls on ground
floor are 450mm thick and 340 mm thick on the
upper floors with partition walls remain 115mm
thick. Foundation depth of R.C.C. strip footing is
1.2m. The corridor linking the office spaces are
2.7m wide and the block is carpeted.

Exhibition areas

On the first floor is a large exhibition hall covering


a plinth area of 170 sqm.
Approachable from the escalators as well as the
staircase.
The exhibition area has an attached pre-function
lounge that can be used to put a temporary small bar
counter or for release of stamps, coins and for
informal sitting.
Accessible from main block and administrative block.

Fig no.3.2.6.d First Floor Plan

Dining lounge
Additional dinning space is provided in the foyer above
the main entrance lounge as well as in a hall on the
ground floor rear block.
A large mural adorns the blank face of the atrium.
The position of dinning area is not suited.
The odor of food spreading into the convention hall is
not desirable.
There is no way one can reach the space frame and the
building which should be absolutely clean has
maintenance problem.

Dining lounge:
It also serves as an
exhibition as well as
dining space
Fig no3.2.6.e. Dining Lounge

Rear block
The rear block is also entirely carpeted
and
contains committee and conference
rooms,
exhibition hall and lounge areas.

The circulation in the rear block


is
pierced
by an atrium which presently houses escalator.
This atrium is also the major source of light
within the area.
The rear block also holds the A\C plant
room, a kitchen and dining area of 240 sqm.
Plate no.3.2.6.e. Atrium

Kitchen and Services area


A central kitchen is located on the ground
floor serves all lounges banquet halls. The
kitchen does not serve the atrium dining hall
directly but serves VIP lounge and hall
No.1.
A service corridor accompanies hall no. 1,
leads to central kitchen. This acts as pantry
not kitchen. There is a separate entry to the
kitchen from the backside. The corridor has

two lifts (one smaller for kitchen utensils and


furniture transport). It is quite narrow with no
storage space.

3.2.7 Annexe Building


Annexe building was built in 1970 to provide
additional facilities to the Vigyan Bhawan Complex.
It is a three storey high building with a total plinth
area of 13,371 sq.m centrally air conditioned, with
the main conference facility located on the ground
floor.

The upper floors are the offices occupied by various


authorities such as interstate council, etc.
The building houses four committee rooms i.e. Hall
A, B, C, D, press work area, cafeteria, a big lounge,
telex room, telephone booths etc.
In addition there is another Confer building known
as E Hall.
Audio recording facility available in facilities are
available only in halls A & E only

Fig no.3.2.7.a. Entrance

Foyer
The annexe is entered through a reception foyer with a staircase and two lifts. Opposite the main
entrance of the foyer and through a double door opening, the media lounge opens out.
It is surrounded by committee/conference rooms with capacity ranging between 46-170 persons.

Circulation
On the ground floor, doubly loaded corridor run all round. The two corridors branching from opposite
sides have administrative offices and offices for documentation Photostat

Fire fighting system


There exists a close circuit b/w television ( C.C.T.V. ) any visible fire can be seen
on video recording .
There exists wet riser systems with three risers and a ring of piping and external
yard hydrant .
An automatic sprinkler system is provided with a separate pumping system . The
sprinklers are located within the false ceiling .
There are also smoke and beam detectors . There set off fire alarms with
electronic panels located in each building to pin point the location of fire .
There is a separate underground fire tank with a capacity of 65000 litres of
reserved water located in the rear of the complex .
The main building has been compartmentalized with fire check doors .

3.2.8 AREA STATEMENT


Main building
Annexe building
Total plot area : 4.53 ha.
Main building : 7195.44sqm
Ground floor : 6317.37sqm
First floor : 990.48 sq.m.
Mezzanine floor: 6409.35 sq.m.

Ground floor : 4037.43 sq.m.


First floor : 3365.85 sq.m.
Second floor : 3365.85 sq.m.
Link passage : 56.00 sq.m.

3.2.9 INFERENCES
Well planned services should be planned in all the halls.
Acoustically well maintained in terms of materials and planning.
Entry for V.I.P s is well defined and the lounges are also accessible from
the conference hall, but the corridor which has been given should be broader
than existing size.
The main entry, foyer to the auditorium is not sufficient.
Column placing is also so congested

INFERENCES:
By bringing together a number of institutes from various habitat related professions in one complex, the
complex problems of meeting facilities, co-ordination between different professionals and the problems
like car parking, food services etc. have been smartly solved.
The blocks have been functionally demarcated - North block comprises of office space and ancillary
facilities are in south block resulting in well co-coordinated spaces.
The articulation of the blocks has been largely successful in achieving the design objectives.
Computerized building management system has been designed for the efficient operation of all systems
including watering of window boxes and the detection of faults.
The grouping of 6-7 storey building blocks has been done around climate- tempered courtyards, which
has enlivened up the atmosphere inside the complex.
Faade treatment on the exterior presents a very stable and strong visual effect by use of special bricks
whereas the inner faades are very light, delicate and support light hanging gardens.
The structure of the building is thoughtfully designed R.C.C. frame structure, which ahs created
flexible spaces in the interior.
Vehicular movement is restricted only to the periphery of the site with only pedestrian movement
allowed inside the blocks creating a very clean environment. Parking has been kept in the basement
allowing rest of the site to be landscaped.

CONCLUSION:
It marks a transition in the architecture of Joseph Allen Stein.
The centre is organized as a series of 4-7 storey blocks around linked courtyards.
Office areas given access from inside the courts. 25% of total area goes to landscaped court.
Services: total service area-53,000 sq.m built up area with two basements, each 18, 000 sq.m.
Allowing parking of 953 cars.
The whole building is air conditioned and the basements are mechanically ventilated.
Fire escape stairs and lobbies are pressurized to prevent spread of fire along vertical shafts.
The window boxes are watered and computer operated building management systems does the
detection of fault.

3.3 International centre, goa

ICG, Goa strives to promote international peace,


harmony and understanding between people of all
nations through academic deliberations, exchange
programs and cultural events. On the academic front,
ICG strives to be an institution where social, political
and economic issues of local relevance, national
significance and global importance are debated by
thinkers, scholars, academics, industrialists, creative
persons and public spirited citizens. On the cultural
front, ICG aims to evolve into an institution where new
cultural and artistic expression is experimented with,
encouraged and shared.

3.3.1Location

International centre Goa is located at Dona


Paula, a mere 7 km from Capital City, Panaji
on a well landscaped 8 Hectare campus atop
the Taleigao Plateau .
Adjacent to ICG are Goa Medical College,
Fig no. 3.3.1.a INTERNATIONAL CENTRE, GOAGoa University, and the National Institute

of Oceanography. is located 29 km (a 45
minute drive) from Dabolim Airport .

site plan of international centre , goa

Guest room block

Proposed Guest room


block

Corridors connecting
the areas

NATIONAL
HIGHWAY

Lawn
Lawn

Parking area

Administrative area ,
dining room , lounge ,
reception , conference
rooms
Parking area

Main entrance
to the complex
Open landscaped area
reserved for parties

Fig no. 3.3.1.b SITE PLAN OF INTERNATIONAL CENTRE,

3.3.2
Surroundings
Entrances

Plate no. 3.3.2.a Main Entrance To International


Centre, Goa

and

The International Centre, Goa is accessed


by a national highway , which leads to Raj
Bhawan . Situated in proximity to the Goa
medical college , Goa university and
national institute of Oceanography .
There are total two entrances, one towards
the entrance to the main complex and
other towards the residential block . The
main entrance is then divided into three
ways . First towards the V.I.P. entrance ,
second to the reception and the third
serves as the service entry for the kitchen.

3.3.3 Form
The basic planning of the complex is kept simple ,
Where all the sections of the complex are accessed
by corridors covered by Mangalore tiles . The
entrances have been kept minimum in number
which are further segregated into other areas. The
whole complex has been given a very formal
approach.

3.3.4 Components of the complex


The International centre, Goa consists of :1.
The Administrative section
2.
Guest room block
3.
Exhibition area
4.
Conference rooms
5.
Library
6.
Kitchen
7.
Dining area
Plate no. 3.3.4.a View of Guest Rooms & Main Complex
8.
V.I.P. Lounges
9.
Open landscaped area

Guest rooms
There are 44 A/C twin sharing rooms which
afford a soothing view of the Arabian Sea or
Zuari river. These 44 rooms are divided in two
blocks which are accessed from corridors . These
rooms have been provided with the basic
necessities

Plate no. 3.3.4.b Internal & External


Views of Guest Room

Fig no. 3.3.4.a Floor Plan of Guest


Rooms

Dining halls
Dining Restaurant There are three Dining Spaces.
Spices, non-air-conditioned restaurant that can space
up to 75 persons;
Abolim, a comfortable lounge cum bar
Palki,
an exclusive air-conditioned restaurant with a
capacity of 30 diners.

Fig no. 3.3.4.b Floor Plan Of Kitchen And Dining Area

Conferences
The Centre has three state-of-the-art air-conditioned Conference
halls.

Mandovi - a large hall with a capacity of 180 persons,

Zuari

Sal

- a medium sized hall with a capacity of 90


people
- a small conference hall with a capacity of 30
persons.

Fig no. 3.3.4.c Floor Plan Of Conference Area

ADMINISTRATIVE

BLOCK
It is situated close to the VIP entry. It consist of :

Director office
Secretariate office
Manager office
PA office
Programme officer room
Electrical officer room
Waitin area
Lobby
Though the planning is simple the privacy of each officer is wisely planned.
Fig no. 3.3.4.d Floor Plan Of Administrative Area

KITCHEN

GUEST ROOM BLOCK


( PROPOSED )
SERVICES FOR
STAFF QUARTERS
GUEST ROOM BLOCK
( PROPOSED )
GUEST ROOM
BLOCK

GUEST ROOM BLOCK


( PROPOSED )

LAWN
( used for parties )

SERVICE ENTRY

NATIONAL
HIGHWAY

CONFERENCE
BLOCK
LAWN
( used for parties )

RECEPTION

GUEST ROOM
BLOCK

DINING HALL

ADMINISTRATIVE
BLOCK

DINING HALL

KITCHEN
service entry

Main

Kitchen

GATE HOUS E

LANDSCAPED AREA USED FOR PARTIES

Kitc

LANDSCAPED OPEN SPACE

Fig no.3.3.4.e SERVICE ENTRY FOR KITCHEN


MAIN ENTRANCE

3.3.5 User groups


The user groups or the organizations belong to
Government and the Private Sector including NGOs,
Local Self-Government bodies, Industries, Corporate
Houses and National and International Academic,
Scientific and Social Institutions whihc have regular
academic and training sessions, corporate retreats, and
cultural programmes at ICG.

3.3.5
Exhibitions
and
cultural
events
The ambience of ICG is perfect for the festivities ,
honouring local traditions , religious gatherings or
social events . Classical dance programmes , activities
for children , industrial visits , career guidance forums
have found a welcome place in the heart of the
International centre , Goa

Plate no. 3.3.6.a Exhibition of Local

3.3.6 Outdoor facilities


The centre also has a large variety of outdoor facilities.
Zaiyo & Zuiyo Two level grass lawns with a capacity of 50 &
100
persons
respectively. These can also be
used
combined.
Plate no. 3.3.6.a VIEW OF

Divli A grassy area with stage & backdrop


with a capacity of around 50 people.

Plate no. 3.3.6.c VIEW OF

Laran

A
terraced ,
landscaped
stage
that has a capacity of 650 people offers a majestic
view of the confluence of the Zuari river and the

amphitheatre

with

Plate no. 3.3.6.b VIEW OF

Arabian Sea.

3.3.7Materials used and structure :The complex is a simple column beam structure .
Mangalore tiles have been used as the roofing material .
All the walls are plastered , and common goan colours
are used in the complex to represent the Goan culture .

Plate no. 3.3.7.a Corridors

3.3.8 Landscaping :The multi function area facing the sea forms an ideal setting for varied occassions . A scenic location
with the right flora and fauna provides the right ambience for celebrations of any kind . Raised
platforms even allow for stage presentations and cultural meetings .

3.3.9 Inferences;1.

Plate no. 3.3.8.a Landscaped Spaces

The International centre , complex , Goa represents the Gan culture , represented in the form of
typical architectural style of Goa which is exhibited by overhanging eaves , style of arches , doors
and windows , columns , cornices , etc .
2.
Main emphasis has been laid on the horizontal circulation and only the guest rooms are double
storied , which are accessed by stairs .
3.
Landscaping has been done beautifully including climbers , flowering trees and plants , water
body .
4.
Simple planning has been done where various components of the complex are accessed throug