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The basics

The MULTlnautfop system

Tothe owner

2

Safetynotes

.............................

20

Whatyour system can do .....................................

2

Specifications

.....

20

Salety................. ......

................

- 3

Howto go about it ...............

20

PostOff ice regulations

3

Whathas to bedone at the transmitter? .............

21

..........................................

Whichreceivers can you use?

3 Howis the MULTlnauttop receivermodule

..............................

Switchingon for the first time

Fittingthe cryslals ...............

Chargingthe transmitter

and receiver batteries ....

Connectingthe receivingsystem components ......

Standardchannel assignments:

Whatmoves which and how? ..........................

5

Faultfinding: possible sources of error .................

5

installedin the model?

Howdo you connectthe MULTlnauttop

systemin themodel?

Examole: truck functions ....

Connectingrelays and motors to outputsA to F .

Suppressingelectric motors ....

Example: boat functions .....

22

22

23

Connectingend-point switches

....

23

, .......................

Flyingfixed-wing model aircraft

Whatcontrols

Installingthe MULTlnauttop system

inan existingtransmitter ..........

Longconnecting |eads ..................

what? (stick mode) .........................

6

Reversingservo direction (servo reverse) ............

6

Alteringcontrol surlace travels ....

  • 7 Whataccessories are available?

24

25

25

Carsand Trucks

Whatcontrols

what?

Boats

Whatcontrols

what?

Modifyingthe transmitter

8

...................................

Howcan the transmitter

sticks and

- ..........

receiveroutputs be assigned?

26

Arethe transmitter

controls connected correctly?

10

I

Howare sticks and other controls calibrated?

.....

..............................................

27

Example:

twin-motor

boat .....................................

8

Howis thestick ratchet installed?

27

Howto setup the transmitter

I

................................

Informationapplying to

Adiustingservos (Menu point SEFVO)

all transmittervariants

10

Howdo you adjust servos? .................................

Servocentre and travel adjustment

10

....................

Howdo you change the fuse? .............................

28

Teacher/Pupil

operation

- a greatidea1 .....

28

..........

Servoreversing ..

11

.....................

lnformationapplying to the EUROPAmc 1005

Whafsdifferent?.

28

....................

Swappingthe sticks round

29

.................. ................

Receivingsystem, care of transmitter, servtce

DuafRates (Menu point DR Mt'I)

Thefunction: "now more.now less" ....................

12

Installingand connecting

Dual Rates switches

...

12

SettingDual Rates travel

........12

Usinochannels 8 and9 as switchedchannels

....

13

Arrangement

of battery,servos and receiver ......

30

Receiver

tips ..................................................

30

Interference suooression with

magneto/ electronic ignition

30

..........................

Rangetesting

30

..........................

Servotips

30

................................

Airbornepower supp1y

31

.......................................

Diagnosis(closed loop) operation

31

.......................

Careof the transmitter

31

............

Thetransmitter battery

31

........................................

MULTf PLEX HOTL|NE

32

............

...........................

Optionalextras, accessories

32

...........................

Overviewof functions

33

GB-1-

To the owner

Dear customer,

and fellow-modeller,

Your new EUROPA mc radio control transmitter

is designedspecifically to form the beginner's

ideal introduction to our fdscinating hobhy.

We have carefully selecteda range of essential

features, to ensurethat the beginner will not be

overwhelmedby a perplering spreadoffacilities.

Neverthelessthe set hasplenty in reserve,so that

you can use it to tontrol quite complexmodels

when the time comes.

lf you are an enthusiast for the multi-function

working model, the newly developedMULTlnauf

top systemwill open up for you a broad field of

operation. The transmitter ('an be fitted with r**o

control modules,each containing six switchesand

tt4)opotentiometers. The nautic version is supplied

with one transmittermodule as standard.

We are very pleasedthat you havedet'ided on a

system from tfte MULTIPLEX stable, and hope

that )tou haw many hours of pleasure in your

hobby and with our transmitter.

Yourssincerely,

Whatyour systemcan do

The standard functions

.

.

.

.

.

.

9 channels(control functions)

3 modelmemories O

Menusystem for settingup andprogramming

DuafRate on channels1 and2 @

(switchableservo travel)

X-MIX(freely assignable

two-way mixer) O

(e.9.V-tail models)

Y-Mlx(f reely assignable

one-way mixer), O€

switchable(e.9. combi-switch)

.

.

Six-stepbattery level indicator

Batterymonitor wiwth audiblealarm

Optional extras

.

Extratransmittet channels

(sliders,2- or 3-positionswitches)

.

.

MULTlnauttop systemfor multi-functionworking

models

Neckstrapsystem

Special features

.

QUICK-SELECTthe fast method ol

selectingand asstgning

functions

.

Diagnosis(closed loop) operation

for interference-f ree testing

O EUROPAmc 1005,1020 and nautic onlyl

O

ootionalswitch reouired!

flre MULTIPLEXteam

crystar

  • --Effi- Th--,-*FoN/oFF

:no:[1,'o''

y7iilü133f."

Wellsfor

MULTlnaufmodules

orswilches

trl

iEEffi

,;r

:.

chan.5 and6

(optional)

Fig. 1: Oveellview of ttansmtttel

-

-

GB-2

EEFEe

:

.***.

"ä?:jt"

 

.

Manual EUROPAmc

SAFETY

Radio-controlled

models are not toys!

Evensmall models are capableof causingdamage to

propertyand even to people.The following notes are just

The legal side (totthe U.K. only)

Radiocontrolled models are of twotypes - thosewhich

operaleon the groundor on water,known as

"surface"

models,and those which operate in the air. The first group

suggestionsand are provided with the best of intentions. includesmodel cars, trucks and buggies, and also model

Theyare certainly not meant to spoilyour pleasure in the

boatsof alltypes. The second encompasses

fixed-wing

hobby.Please read these points and follow our guidelines modelaircraft and rotary-wingmachines (mainly heli-

at all times. Youwill save yourself much expense and

trouble.

Insurance

Operatingradio-controlled

models - especiallymodel

aircratl - doesinvolve certain risks, even when you take

thegreatest care, and for this reason third party insurance

mustbe considereda basicessential. Private liability

insuranceis onepossible solution. A secondis to join a

modelclub,

whereby suitable coverwill usually be available

throughthe nationalorganisation

towhich the club belongs.

Clubcolleagues

will soon fill you in on howbest to obtain

insurance.

Prevention - better than cure

Safetybegins when you are designing and building your

model.Control surface linkages, radio installation

etc.,

arepoints which later play a majorrole in the safety of your

mooer.

Thebiggest contribution

tosafety is one you can make: by

operatingyour radiocontrol system and your model

carefullyand responsibly.

The following list is notmeant

to be complete,and the pointsare not listed in orderof

importance.lt is onlyintended to giveyou a few ideasof

whatyou can and should do.

.

Checkplug-in conneclions, servos and control

surface linkages regularly.

copters).Radio controlled toys come into a different

category,and operate at 49 MHzwhere a smallband is

orovidedfor lowoower radio devices.

Thetrequency

bands available

for radio controlled

models

areshown below:

Frequencyin MHz

Use

26.960to

27.280

General

34.995to

35.255

Air

40.665to

40.955

Surface

458.500to 459.500

General

Sincethe 26127 MHz band is alsoallocated for Citizens

Bandradio and other users, and the 458/459 MHz band is

also allocatedto telemeüyand otherdevices, radio

controlledmodels are generally operated on the 34/35

MHzband (usually known simply as 35 MHz)and the 40

MHzband.

Pleasenote that 40 MHz is dedicatedsolely to surface

models,and 34135MHz is dedicatedsolely to model

aircraft.Model car and boat operators

must not use the 35

MHzband. and model aircraft must not be flown on the 40

MHzband.

As of 1 January1981 model control equipment was

exemptedfrom the licensing

requirements

ofthe Wireless

TelegraphyAct 1949. This simply means that no licence

is requiredto operateRC equipment in the UK.

.

.

.

Chargeyour transmitter

and receiver battery in

theproper manner and check the state of charge

beforeyou fly (usea batterytesteo.

Carryout regularrange checks as describedin

thesection covering the receiving system.

Donot switch on yourtransmitter

unless you are

certainthal other modellers close bv arenot

usingthe same channel.

lf youneed lurther information on technicalrestrictions,

and lhe regulationswhich exempt model control from

licensing, please contact:

TheLow Power Radro Section

Radiocommunications

Agency

Room712, Waterloo Bridge House,

WaterlooRoad. London. SEl 8UA

Teleohone: 071 215 2058

'

.

.

.

Neverrun down your transmitter

and receiver

batteriesclose to the limit of theircapacity.

Notealso that new batteries do notachieve full

capacityuntil they have completed several

charge/ dischargecycles.

Eachtime you switch memories,

and before every

flight,check each function carefully.

Are the servotravels and directionscorrect?

Stickleft: conlrol surface / steeringleft

Stickback: elevator up etc.

Alwaysexlend your transmitteraerial to its full

extentbefore you starta flight.

Useoriginal MULTIPLEX

crystals and

accessoriesexclusivelvl

Whichreceivers can you use?

Tne EUROPArnc transmitterlransmits nine channels.

Youcan use any PPM receiver which can decode nine

channels.To decode nine channels does not necessarily

meanthat nine receiver outouts are available.

A MICRO5t7@ceiver has only seven outputs, butdecodes

ninechannels and can therefore be usedwith the EURO-

PA mc transmitter.

All receiversin the cu(ent MULTIPLEXranqe can be

used:

e.g. FMDS, Mini 9, Micro5/7

Olderreceivers which can also be used:

Micro9, Uni9, Mini7, Uni4

lf in anydoubt, ask your specialist dealer or the

MULTIPLEXHOTLINE.

  • GB-3- Manual EUROPAmc

Fitting the crystals

Plugthe

crystals into the transmitter and receiver.

crystal has a bluesleeve and a letter "S" printednext to

Thetransmitter

thechannel number.

Thereceiver crystal has a yellow{intedsleeve and a letter "E" printed

nextto thechannel number (see also receiver instructions)

Thisis a goodlime to fixthe frequency pennantto yourtransmitter. lt

mustbear the same number as thecrystals youare using.

Chargingthe transmitterand receiverbatteries

The standard batteries have a capacityof 600 mAh and can be

chargedat a NORMALrate or a FASTrate. lf youuse the

Plug-typemains charger 230 V

OrderNo. 14 5535

thetransmitter

and receiver batteries will be fullycharged in about

1 7

hours.

Whenrapid-charging do notexceed a chargecurrent of 600mA.

yoursystem we recommendthe

For

COMBI-CHARGER

(mains230V)

OrderNo. 14 5540

and any MULTIPLEXrapid charger

Fig.2:Fitting

crystals

Connecting the receiving

systemcomponents

Totry out the system you shouldconnect the

receivingsystem on thetable before you

installit in a model.This is the easiest way

of gettingused to yournew radio control

svstemand how it works.

Receiver battery I

Receiver

Switchharness

Fig. 3: Connecting the receiving system

Nowswitch on thelIalillllüIllsil! Whatyou see is the StatusDisPlaY!

Status disPlaY = normal state

you

Wheneveryouswitchonyourtransmitter(withoutpressingabutton)

willsee this display.

Youcan alwaysrecognise the Statusdisplay from the top line - the

segmentbelow the

battery symbol will always have a blackbackground'

The top row of segments .'.

lf onlythe
lf onlythe

you how

graph.Tfre illustration on the

much charge is in yourbattery by meansof a bar-

right here shows how to interpretthe bar'

will sound an audible

first segment is black,the transmitter

warningto indicatethat the battery needs to

be charged ..

ff this should happen, switch off the

transmitteras soon as

you can, and charge uP the battery.

(

ln the bottom

line of the display ...

...you

will see a codenumber with a blackbackground,

which indicates

the currentlyactive model memory. In the examplehere the model

memorvis No. 1.

100%

.ro"o'

'rl)',t)',1)

g

-afaaf

-faaf

-fta

-aa -a

-

o

2 s 4 s 6 7

GB-4.

Manual EUROPAmc

Standardchannel assignments :

"What

moves which, and how?"

 

stick Planeof movement

left/right

Chan.

1

Movinga transmitter

stick in any single direction (forward / back or right

lett

/ left)results in a movement in one ot the servos. Each stick axis or plane

 

forward/back

4

isassigned to a particularreceiver channel. The table on the right- hand

sideshows how the channels are assigned.

right

lelvright

3

 

forward/back

2

Youcan change this standard arrangement

to suit your preference,

and

Table 1: stick assignment

the methodis describedin the sectionModilying the transmitter.

Initially,however, we strongly recommend

that you stick to the standard

or defaultassignment,

just as yourtransmitter

came from the factory.

The movements

separately

1. Left-handstick to the right=

servoconnected to channel1 rotatesto the rioht

)26

@f'ml

  • 2. Right-handstick back =

servoconnected to channel2 rotatesto the rioht

  • 3. Left-handstick back = servo4 rotatesto theright

lr=r]-l=l

Itltj twil

t

Fig.4:

Stickassignment

  • 4. Righfhandstick right = s€rvo3 rotatesto the right

Faultfinding : Possiblesources of error ...

...

when nothing works at all!

1. Are the batteriessufficiently charged?

Youcan check the state of thetransmiiler battery by lookingat

thevoltage display (top row of segments).

Thetransmitter

is switchedon whenyou move the switch

lEß1,o

towardsthe centre of thetransmitter. lf nothingappears in the

displaywhen you switch on, then either the transmitter

battery is

deep-discharged

or the transmitter

is taulty.

To checkthe receiverbattery you can purchase a receiver

baüerytester (see Accessories

section). You can also use the

tollowingrough method of checking:

. Switchon lhe receiverwith servos connected.

Whenyou switch on theservos should twitch or beginto jitter.

2. Are the crystalscorrectly plugged in?

.

Haveyou mixed up thetransmitter

and receiver crystals?

.

Arethe channels (frequencies)

the same in thetransmitter

and

receiver?

lEß1,o

3. Are the servos connectedto the correct channels?

when travels or directions

are not correct!

.

Haveyou selected the correct model memory?

.

Haveyou activated the DualRates function?

when range problems crcp up!

  • 35 MHzsystems: Are the transmitter

and receiver set up forthe

sameband (35 MHz A-band and 35 MHzB-band)?

lf you are not sure:

Don't risk a tlight!

t13

1 5

lEQl, o

Firstlocate the error and correctit!

Whatcontrols what? (stickmode)

The correlationbetween lransmitter stick and controlledfunction is

termed "mode" or "stick mode"by model flyers. Unfortunately

there is no

uniformrule for this. For our example we willstart as shownin Fig.5.

Theillustration

on the right and in table 2 showthe receiver channels to

whichyou should connect the servos,which sticks control them, and

howthe model'sconüol surfaces should move.

Function

Stick

Chan.

Aileron

left

lefuright

1

Elevator

right

forward/back

2

Rudder

righl

righUleft

3

Throttle/speed le{t

forward/back

4

Table 2: slandard stick assignment

Example:

s-axis controlled powered model

This arrangementis only a suggestionand can be

changedto anyarrangement

you preter. For example,

ifyou wish to control the motor with the right hand stick,

thenthe throttle servo (or thespeed controller or motor

switchforelectric

oower) should be connectedlo

receiver

output2.

In this case receiveroutput 4 wouldbe

I

H

t

Fig.5: Stickassignment

ffiF

F*J.t

ruf

l

ffi

Reversingservo rotation (servo reverse)

lf at thetesting stage you find that any of thecontrol surfaces of

your

modelworkin the wrong "sense" (e.9.righttor left), then the servos need

to

at

be reversed.The following procedure assumes thai you are looking

theStatus display (as when just switchedon).

Youwill find a detailedexplanation

"Adjusting Servos".

on servoreversing in the section

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint SERVO and activateit

Pressthe + buttontwice, then E.

Oneof thecode numbers 1 to 7 shouldnow be flashing.lf any

codenumbers have a darkbackground,

then those servos are

alreadyreversed.

  • 2. Selectthe servo

Usethe +/- buttons or QUICK-SELECTto select the servo lo be

reversed.

  • 3. Reversethe seruo

Pressthe R buttonto reversethe selecled servo. Pressing it

againsets it backto normal.The flashing rhythm changes every

timeyou press the button.

  • 4. Endthe process,return to the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E buttontwice, lhen B.

t10

ETEB

-!r rlu

/l\

selectecl

E/8 ...

@

tr

B B

tlls

a t

reveßed

GB-6

Manual EUROPAmc

Altering control surtace travels

Onceyou have set the correct direction for lhe servos, it's the turn of the

conlrolsurface travels.

First check what is mechanically possihle!

In mostcases the travels will not be exactlyas statedby yourmodel's

manufacturer. But please don't start messing about with the transmitter

straightaway.First check if you can sort out the problemby re-

connectingthe clevjses to a difterenthole at the servo output arm or the

controlsurfacehorn. Solving the problem in this way maintains

lullservo

resolution(fine control) and servo power. This is ourtip:

. Connectthe clevises as far as possibleout at theservo and the

horn,as thisminimises the effectof anyslop in the linkage.

Only when there's no alternative:

adjust travel and centre

Thefollowing six points tell you briefly what you should do. You will find

t10

a detaileddescription in the sectionAdjusting Servos.

1. Selectthe menupoint SERVO

Pressthe + buttontwice.

E E

  • 2. Selectthe servowith QUICK-SELECT

Movethe stick corresponding

to the function you wish to adjust.

lf the movementis quickenough (short and brisk) your

transmitterwill detect which servo is to be adjusted,and will

jump straightto the adjustment menu. The code number for that

servowill now have a darkbackoround.

  • 3. Selecttravel or centre

To selecttravel, move the stick to the appropriateend-point and

holdit there.

To selectthe centre position, move the stickto andfro untilthe

dotappears in thedisplay.

  • 4. Adiust the control surtacetravel

Usethe +l buttonsto makeany changes. Tapping the buttons

E/8 ...

producesone small step. Pressing and holding the button

oroducesa continuousmovement.

  • 5. Adiust other servos

lf youwant to adjustother servos, all youneed to do is movethe

stickbrielly, and QUICK-SELECT

selects another servo.

  • 6. Endthe process,return lo the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E buttonfirst, then R.

trtr

r Qls

a

s

a

z

Setvo2 selected

7 '
7
'

left/fowad

a

centre

a

ighLhack

r

z

slls

a t

SeNo4 selected

GB-7.

Manual EUROPAmc

What controls what?

Formodel boats and cars the most important functions are directional

controland power (throttle)

control. Here again there are many different

viewson whichstick should control which function.

Inour examples

we assume the tollowing arrangement:

.

Theright-hand stick controls the sleering

systemand operates on channel3.

.

Theleft-hand stick controls the Dowersvstem

andoperates on channel4.

Inthis example no mixersare used. lf oneor otherof

theservos works in thewrong direction, reverse il

underthe menu Doint SEBYO.

Note regarding

the EUROPA mc 1005

Fig.7:Steeing and throftlein a modelcarortruck

TheEUROPA mc 1005has two single-axis sticks. The right-hand stick

isdesigned for directional

control (righvleft)

and operates on channel 1.

Thelefl-hand stick is intendedfor the powersystem (torwards

/ reverse

orthrottle control) and operates on channel 2. Youcan swap the sticks

overif youwish;this is describedin thesection

Inlormation for the EUROPAmc 1(n5.

Whatcontrols what?

In a boatwith only one motor you can proceed exactly as in our

exampleabove for a caror truck.The only difference is thatthe

steeringsystem is nowcalled the rudder system.

Example: twin-motorboat

The task:

Youwant the boat to be controlledas follows:one stick for the rudder,

anda secondstick for molorcontrol. At thesame lime the motors are

requiredto supplement

the ruddereffect. This means:

.

Rudderleft:

left-handmotor turns more slowly

right-handmotor turns faster

.

Rudderright: right-handmotor lurns faster

left-handmotor turns more slowlY

The requirements:

.

Thesystem can only work if themotors M1 and M2 are

controlledseparately by the speed controllers

R1 and 82.

.

Theleft-hand stick (control 1) controls the rudder(direction).

.

Theright-hand stick (control 2) controlsthe motors.

The solution:

 

.

Controls1 and2, i.e.rudder and molors, are mixed using X-lüflX

andoperale the controllers

for bothmotors.

.

Control1 , i.e.rudder, operates the ruddervia receiveroutput 3,

with the helpot Y-MIX.

GB-8.

Manual EUROPAmc

How to set up the transmitter?

Thefollowing text describes briefly all the essentialsteps required to

programthetransmitter,

butwe have not included a detailed explanation.

lf youneed more informalion,

please refer to the sections on X-,lt Xand

Y- MIX,as mentionedbelow.

Activatex-Mlx

As always,we startfrom the Statusdisplay, and from the assumption

thatno mixers are aclive. lf youare not sure we suggest that you erase

the modelmemory first.

.

Switchthe transmitteroff

.

.

Pressthe R button,hold it in,

andswitch the transmitter

on again.

Pressthe R butlononce more.

1. Selectthe menupoint X-MlXand activateit

Pressthe + buttonfour times (or - twice),then E.

Onecode number should now be flashing.

  • 2. QUICK-SELECTfor RUDDER

Movethe left-handstick to oneside.

  • 3. QUICK-SELECTtor SPEED

Movethe right-handstick foMard or back.

lf voumake a mistake:

EEB

Youcannot activale more lhan two controls. You will have to

eraseone of thetwo controls first.

Selectthe accidentallyactivated control using the +/-buttons. A

pressof the R buttonerases that control, and you can now select

thecorrect channel.

  • 4. Backto the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E

buttontwice, then B.

Activate

Y-MIX

BBtr

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint Y-MlXand activateit

Pressthe - button(or + fivetimes), then E.

Onecode number should now be flashing.

  • 2. UseQUICK-SELECT

for control3 (auxiliarychannel)

lvlovethe righthandstick to oneside.

E B

Thiscontrol operates servo 3, butit doesnot alfect both motors.

However,it is requiredas auxiliaryconlrol so thatcontrol 1

(RUDDEB)

canbe mixedin to it.

  • 3. QUICK-SELECTfor RUDDER(control 1)

Movethe left-handstick to oneside.

lf voumake a mistake:see above (X-MlX).

Beforeyou finish the activation orocess:

Checkthat code number 1 is flashing.

lf not.oress the + buttononce.

  • 4. Returnto the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E buttontwice, then R.

Check the servo directions

and correct if necessary

.

.

lf

both motorsturn the wrong way:

Reversecontrol 2 (speed)under the menupoinl X-MIX.

lf

only one motoror therudder work in thewrong sense:

Reversethe servo under the menupoint SERVO.

Adjust

servo travel and centrc lor

the rudder and the two

speed controllers

. Theseadjustments

must be carriedout under the menupoint

SERVO.

E

B B

ffir

1

4

Eß,

'II

flIT}

lhf:Jlt

  • 1 0

  • GB-9- Manual EUROPAmc

SEFyOS (travels,centre, direction)

Howdo you adjustservos?

Your ELIROPAmc transmitterincludes the menu point SERVOlol

adjustingservo travel, cenlre, and directionof rotation.To keepthe

explanationsas simple as possible,the three processes are described

belowseparately.

The flow diagram on the rightshows how you move

to thedifferent adjustment

sections.

Important points to note:

. OS (OUICK-SELECT)

is the most directroute.

Level 1

A briefstick movement takes you directly to level3 andselects

theservo you wish to adjust

. You can't use QSto reverseservos.

Thisis intentional,

and avoids the danger of

accidentally.

reversingservos

. Wheneverything is set up correctly,

returnto the Statusdisplay.

Level2

Level3

Reverse

B +

Adjustsevo

and cenl

To do this justpress the E buttonto returnto themenu point

SERVO,then R to getback to the Statusdisplay.

.

The R button means Fleverseor Reset,

At level2

the R buttonreverses the selected servo.

At level3 the R buttonresets travels to 100%and centre to 0%.

Servocentre and traveladiustment

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint SERVO (but don't activateit)

Startingfrom the Status display press the + buttontwice, then

selectthe menuooint SEBYO.

EI EI

lf anothermenu point has already been selected, move the

markerunder the menupoint SEBVO using the +/-buttons.

Themenu pointis nowselected, but not yet activated.

  • 2. Selectthe servo usingQUICK-SELECT

(OS)

Movethe transmitler control (stick, pot or switch)brief ly

correspondingto the servo you wish to adjust.QS takes you

directlyto centreand servo travel adjustment.

QUICK-SELECT

giveyou audible confirmation,

and a dark

backgroundappears behind the code number of theservo

selected.

centrefor servo2 to 0"/o

In thebottom left-hand corner of thedisplay a symbolappears

whichvaries according to theposition of thetransmitter

control:

. a dot,if thecentre is selected,or

.

oneof twoarrows, it a directionol travelis selected.

Afterusing QUICK-SELECT

youwould usually release the

transmittercontrol, which in mostcases means that the dot

appearsin thedisplay.

  • 3. Alteringthe centre

Movethe control to centre -

nottorgeüing the lrim lever. The dot

shouldnow appear in thedisplay at bottomieft.

+€ft

I

Youcan now adjust the centre position using the +/- buttons.

Theservo centre can be shiftedto eitherside by abouthalf the

servo'snormal travel, and you can walch the ellect of any

changeon yourmodel.

E/8 ...

. Tappingthe buttonbriefly moves the servo one step.

.

Pressingand holding the button moves the servo in a

continuousseries of stepsuntil you release the button. At each

stepyou will hear a quietbeep.

. lf youdo notalter the centre position, or if youpress the R

button,the 0% fieldwill have a darkbackground.

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  • GB-10- Manual EUROPAmc

4. Alteringseruo travel

We assumethat you are already at level3 (seeflow diagram on

previouspage). lf not,carry out steps 1. and2.

Movethe transmitter

control to theend-point for which you want

to adjustservo travel, and hold it there.The anow which now

appearsin thedisplay shows which side of servotravel you have

selectedfor changing.

Youcan now set the travel using the +/- buttons. The - button

reducestravel, + increasesit. Thepossible range of valuesis

0'klo 110Y".

.

.

Tappingthe buttonresults in a singleservo step.

Pressingand holding the button produces a continuous

movement(at each step you will hear a quietbeep).

.0% hasa darkbackground

if servo travel is reducedto zero.

. Loudbeeps when pressing the + buttonindicate that you have

reachedmaximum travel (1 10%).

. Youcan reset travel to 100%by pressingthe R button.

CAUTION:

It you set servo travel to 0%;",the servo will not move!

Inthis case you should increase travel using the + button,or

pressR to resettravel to 100%.

Select a

  • 5. difterent servo and adjust it

Youcan swilch to a differentservo using QUICK-SELECT.

This

letsyou set up allthe servos one after another, without leaving

the menulevel.

  • 6. Endthe adiustmentprocess, return to the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E buttonfirst, then R.

Reversingservos

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint SERVOand activatereversing

Startingfrom the Statusdisplay, move to level2 (Reversing)

pressingthe + buttontwice, then E.

by

Thecode number of theselected servo must be flashingbefore

youcan reverse it. A codenumber with a darkbackground

meansthat this servo has already been reversed.

.

Numberwith clear background:

direction of rotationnormal

.

Numberwith dark background:

direction of rotationreverseo

2. Reverseservo

Everytime you press the R button,the direction of rotationol

theservo is reversed,and the rhythmof theflashing marker

changes.You can see the effects by watchingyour model.

  • 3. Selectanother servo and

reverseit

Youcan use QUICK-SELECT

to switch to anotherservo. This

meansthat you can reverse all the servos in turnwithout leaving

the menulevel.

Thecode number of a reversedservo retains its dark

backgroundwhen you switch to a diiferentservo.

  • 4. Moveon to traveladiustment

lf youpress the E buttonyou will reach level 3, whereyou can

alterservo travels (described in theprevious section, starting at

ooint2).

lf theservo travels are to stayas theyare, you can continue

immediatelywith point 5.

  • 5. Returnto the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E buttonfirst, then R.

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1=rcvetsed 4 = selected

  • GB-11- Manual EUROPAmc

Thefunction "now more,now less"

The DualRates function (DR for short)makes it possibleto set up a

servowith two different travels, and switch between them at will Large

controlsurface travels are required whenever the modelis requiredto

respondqurckly and powerfully.

Reduced travels give you more sensi-

tivecontrol, which can help to produce smoothermanoeuvres

TheEUROPA mc is preDaredfor Dual Rates on channels 1 and2. DR

isswitched on and off separately

for each channel. The DR switches are

optional,and have to be fittedby the user.

lnstalling and connecting Dual Ratesswitches

Pleaseuse either of theMULTIPLEX

two-position

switches listed

below:

OrderNo. 7 5742(short toggle)

OrderNo. 7 5743(long toggle).

'|, open the transmittercase (see illustration).

Remove

latches

transminer

Removethe charge socket cap betore you remove the two

lalches.

  • 2. Cut awaythe film overthe switch positionyou wish to use'

Youcan use any of theeight switch wells on eitherside of the

display.

  • 3. Installthe switchor switchesand tightenthe securingnut.

  • 4. connectthe switches

Thesticker inside the transmitler

shows where the DRswitches

areplugged in.

. Channel1 - connector8

. Channel2 - connector9

Cutouttiln

Fig.9:

Prcpareopening

forswitches

Checkthat the plugengages on allthree contacl pins on the

transmittercircuit board.

lf theswitch operates in thewrong direction (it is a matterof

preference)

simply turn the plug through 1 80 degrees.

  • 5. Closethe transmittercase.

Fig.10:

Connecting

DR switches

SettingDual Ratestravels

The "normal" controlsurface travel is set up in themenu point SEflyO'

whereyou can adjust both sides separately.

Make these adjustments

t10

TGnsmitterelect@nics

ill

l(t"1".1

-

DR channel2

first,so thatyour servos work correctly under normal circumstances.

Whenyou adjust servo travel under the menu point DR MN, the altered

travelapplies to bothsides of neutralequally. Example:

Normaltravel: left 40 degrees,right 30 degrees

DRtravel reduction set to half:

DRtravel left 20 degrees,right 15 degrees

To set DRtravel we willstart from the Statusdisplay again.

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint DR MN,but do not activateit

EEIE

Pressthe + buttonthree times. The menu point is nowselected'

but nol yetactivated.

  • 2. Selectthe DR channelusing QUICK-SELECT

Movethe stick corresponding

to

the channel you wish to adjust

(channels1 or 2 only).QUICK-SELECT

leads you directly to

servotravel adjustment.

Youcannot move to thisadjustment

tacility using the +/-

buttons.

  • 3. MoveDR switch to the ON Position

DRis onlyactive when both arrows appear in thedisplay, and

youcan then set the reducedtravel using the +/-buttons.

G8.12

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7

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DRis ON

Manual EUBOPAmc

  • 4. Setting travel with the +/- buttons

Holdthe stickat oneend-point. Adjust the travel using the +/-

buttons,and watch the effect on yourmodel.

  • 5. Resettingto 100o/.(if required)

Pressingthe R buttonresets the reducedtravel to 100%.This

maybe necessary,

for example,it youdecide to usethe DR

switchas a normalswitched channel.

  • 6. Returnto the operatingdisplay

Pressthe E buttonfirst. then R.

Using channels I and I as switched channels

lf youhave connected switches to channels8 and/or9, theseswitches

alwayswork as DRswitches for channels 1 and2.

Thiseffect can be eliminatedby settingDR travel to 100%.There are

twoways of doingthis.

  • a. Erase the model memory

Caution:ifyou do this, allother settings which you have programmed

for

thismodel memory will also be erased.

Brief instructions:

'I

. Switchoff thetransmitter.

  • 2. Holdbutton R pressedin, and switch on thetransmitter.

Thecode number of theactive model memory should now flash.

  • 3. Pressthe R buttononce more.

  • b. Set DR travel for channels 1 and/or channel 2 to 100%

Youcan only do thisif youhave selected lhe menupoint for adlusting

DR travel.ll you havefifted two DR switches,you mustmake the

adjustmentsseparately

for bothswitches.

Briet instructions:

As usual,we startfrom the Status display.

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint DR MN,but do notactivate it.

  • 2. Selectchannel 1 or 2 usingQUICK-SELECT. Movethe appropriate

DR switch to the DRON position.

Youshould see both arrows in thedisplay.

A

Pressthe R buttonto settravel to 100%.

Checkservo travel lor both switchpositions.

Repeatpoints 2 to 4 lot the

secondchannel.

  • 5. Returnto theStatus display Pressbutton E first,then R.

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GB-13

Manual EUROPAmc

Modelmemories (MEMO)or:

Whatinformation can your transmitterstore?

lf you own a EIIBOPAmc 1005,1020 ot nautic, the transmittercan

storethe settings for three difterent models All the adjustments

which

youmake for a particularmodel are stored. In detailthese are:

. Centre,travels and direction of rotationfor servos 1 to 6

.

.

x-MlX and Y-,UtX mixersettings

DualRate (DR) settings

Caution!lf you are using

Activatingthe

MULTlnauf!

MULTlnautsystem affects the entirelransmitter. The

controls can be connected

reasonfor this is that no normaltransmitter

to inputs5 and6, asthey are reserved tor MulTlnaulcontrol modules.

Selectingmodel memories

As standardmemory 1 is alwaysactive (code number t hasa dark

backgroundwhen

memoryyou

you switchon). lf you want to selecta different

shouldfollow this procedure(starting trom the Status

display):

1.

Selectthe menupoint MEMOand activateit

Pressthe + button,then E.

ETB

Thecode number of the activememory (1 to 3) flashes.

  • 2. Selectthe model memory

Selectthe code number of the memorywhich you want to

activate,using the +/-buttons.

E/8 ...

  • 3. Switchmemories, return to the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E button.

Thememory switch is carriedout.

Thecode number of the newmemory now has a dark

background.

TheStatus display reapPears.

Erasingmodel memories

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J,5

'6 ,'

Memory1 active

lf youwant to storelhe settingsfor a newmodel - or if you makea

completehas of

things while testing - youcan erase the currently active

"empty"

memory.However, this does not mean that the memory is left

Whatactually happens is that the factory (default) settings are reslored

to the memory.Everything

that you have changed is oveMritten.The

defaultsare as lollows:

.

Centretor allservos to 07"

.

.

Travelsfor all servosto 100%

DualRate (DR) travelsto 100%

.

All mixersOFF.

Soleexception: if youhave activated MULTlnaut for channel5 or 6,

thenthis setting is retained.

How is it done?

Tobe on the safe side, check one last time that you really want to erase

the memorywhich is currentlyactive.

  • 1. Switchthe transmitterOFF.

  • 2. Pressthe R buttonand hold it in,

then switchthe transmitterON again.

Thecode number of the activememory should now be flashing.

However,nothing has been erased yet!

  • 3. Pressthe R buttononce more to erasethe data.

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Eese memoty 1?

lfat this stage you decideyou do notwant to erasethe memory, simply

switchthe transmitter

oFF again.The contents of thecurrent memory

areleft unchanged.

  • GB-14- Manual EUROPAmc

"two in, two out"

TheX-,!tXfunction mixes the signals from two transmittercontrols

andpasses the resultantsignal to two servos.The signals are mixed

in bothdirections, hence the letm x-MlX.

Thediagram on the

rightshows how x-Mlx wotks.The signals from

controls1 and2 arc mixedand passed to servos '1 and2.

X-MIXisatrcely assignable

mixer, i.e. any two transmitter

controls can

be mixed.

Foreach of the two controls separately

you can set lhe magnitude

of the

servoresponse. The range of valuesis 0%to 100%.

Onetransmitter control moves bolh servosin the samedirection ol

rotation,the other moves lhem in oppositedireclions. The direction in

whichthe controls work can also be reversed,naturally.

Sincethe X-[t Xfeaturecan be assigned to anychannels, adjusted and

reversed,it

canbe usedlor a verywide variety of applications.

Howdo you useX-MIX?

Thistype of mixeris very versatile.

The two most common applications Figl1:

x'mi\er

in modelaircraft are describedbrieflv below. and illustratedin the

diagrams.

TheBOATS section describes a further example, namely the use of the

mixerin a twin-enginedboat to reinforcethe elfect of the rudder system.

V-tail

A typicalapplication

fo( X-MIXis controllinga V{ail. ln thiscase the

IEEI,,

signalsfor RUDDER and ELEVATOR have to be mixedand passed to

two seoarateservos.

A V-tailsystem is describedin detaillater as an examplefor X-MIX.

DELTA (flying wing model aircraft)

417

Indeltas and flying wings the signals for AILEBON and ELEVATOR are

mixedand oassed on to twoservos.

Whenan AILERONcommand is given,the elevons move in opposite

directions(one up, the other down).

Whenan ELEVATORcommand is given, the elevons move in the same

direction (both up or bothdown).

Howdo you select the transmitter controls for X-MIX?

a.) ff the mixer has not yet been activated:

lf youhave not used X-,lt X in the currentlyactive model memory, or

haveerased that memory,you mustfirst select the two lransmitter

controlsfor the mixer.The mixer is thenactivated, and the two inputs

(signals)are mixed, both at 100%,and passed on to thetwo servos.

Afteryou haveselected the controls,the transmittergives you the

chanceto setthe magnitudeof the mixerinputs and their direction ol

working.

b.) fi X-MIX has already been activated:

ln thiscase you can either

. selectone or bothtransmitter

controls anew, or

.

alterthe inputand direction for one (orboth) controls.

lf yourtransmitter

is brand-new

there will generally be noactive mixers

set.For this reason we willdeal lirst with case a.).

  • GB-15- Manual EUROPAmc

a.) Activating X-MIXfor the tirst time,and setting it up

Startingpoint, as ever,is the Statusdisplay.

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint X-MIXand activateit

Pressthe - buttontwice, then E.

ButtonE thenactivates the menupoint. Under one of thecode

numbersthe dark square should now be flashing

  • 2. Selectthe controlswith QUICK-SELECT

Selectthe two transmitter

controls (sticks,adjustors' switches)

thatyou want to mix,and move them brietly one after the other.

Theflashing marker jumpsto theassociated

code number and

theflashing rhythm changes. That's all there is to it

  • 3. Moveon to adlustingand/or reversing the mixerinputs

Pressthe E button.

Twoarrows appear in thedisplay to indicatethat a mixerinput is

nowbeing adjusted, which affects both sides of servotravel. The

controlwhich the adjustment

applies to is thecode number with

thedark background.

  • 4. Adiustthe inputwith +/-

Pressthe - buttonto reducethe input,+

to increaseil. Movethe

transmittercontrol to checkthe effect of thechanges on the

mooet.

5, Usingthe R buttonto reversethe input

lf both controlsurfaces on yourmodel move in thewrong

direction, pressthe R buttonto reversethe inputsfor both

servos.

lf only one servoworks in reverse,then you should move to the

menupoint SERVO and reverse this servo only.

  • 6. Changingto the secondmixer input using QUICK-SELECT

Switchto thesecond mixer inpul by movingthe corresponding

transmittercontrol briefly. Now set the travel for this input

(point4.) andreverse it il necessary(point 5.).

Youcan switch back to

thefirst control again with QUICK-

SELECTif youwish to.

  • 7. Endthe process,return to the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E button,then R, to moveback through the menu

pointX-Mlxlo the Statusdisplay.

b.) Selecting difterent transmitter controls lor X-MIX when

the mixer is already progrcmmed

You cannotactivate more than lwo controlstor X-MIX lf you want to

selecta newcontrol. you should tirst erase the unwanted one

  • 1. Selectthe menupoint x-MlXand activateit

Pressthe - buttontwice (or + fourtimes), then E.

  • 2. Selectthe transmittercontrol and erasethe input

UseQUICK-SELECT

to

select the transmitter

control which is to

be erased.The flashing maker will jump to thecode number of

thiscontrol.

Pressthe R button.The flashing rhythm changes, and the mixer

inputis erased.

  • 3. Select a new control

UseOUICK-SELECT

again.

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lf twocontrols are activated, the flashing marker can only be

movedto andfro between these two code numbers. using

OUICK-SELECT

(orthe +^ buttons).

4, Moveon to adiustingand/or

reversing the mixerinputs

Continueas underpoint 3. in theprevious section.

Is therea short-cutiI you only wantto change or reverseone mixerinput?

Youcan use OUICK-SELECTto

by-pass the selection of the transmitter

controland move directly to settingup / reversinga control.

1. Selectthe menupoint X-MIXbut do not activateit

Pressthe - buftontwice (or + fourtimes).

E E

  • 2. Selectthe transmittercontrol using QUICK-SELECT

Thenmove briefly the conüol whose input you want to adjust.

Thecode number for the selected control will flash, and the two

arrowswill appear in thedisplay.

.

.

Usethe +/-buttons to reversethe mixerinput.

Pressthe R buttonto reversethe input.

Movethe control and watch the effects on the model.

  • 3. Returnlo the Statusdisplay

Pressthe E button,then R.

Example: V-tail

Inthe following example the transmitter

will be set up as follows:

.

.

Stick1 for RUDDERand

StiCK2 for ELEVATOR,

BEI

TheV-tail must then be operated by servos '1 and2. Sticks 1 and 2 should

be connectedto sockets1 and 2 on lhe transmittercircuit board

(standardposition).

lf yougive an ELEVATORcommand, the two control surfaces on the

modelshould deflect in oppositedirections (both surfaces towards the

fuselagecentre or awayfrom the fuselage, i.e. both up, both down).

lf a RUDDERcommand is given, the two control surfaces on the model

shoulddeflect in thesame direction (both surlaces left or right).

Activate X-MIX and set up the mixer

Asalways, we start from the Status display, and the assumption

that X-

Fig.12:

V tail

MIX is not alreadyactivated. lf you are not sure,erase the model

memory.

.

Switchoff the transmitter

.

Pressthe R button,hold