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CMX Stream

Mobile Voice Core User Group


Helsinki, 27. March 2008
Michael Reber

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Content

CMX-5000 Product Strategy


Roadmaps
High Customer Value Features
Network Modernization
Summary

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Mobile voice business gets more demanding


in terms of services and cost-efficiency
Worldwide mobile service providers
revenues (bn)
Voice Revenues

Mobile voice traffic vs. traffic growth


(index)

Data Revenues

Voice traffic growth ~20% p.a.


900.000

Voice revenue growth ~2,3% p.a.

Million EUR per year

800.000
700.000
600.000
500.000
400.000
300.000
200.000
100.000
2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

Source: NSN SBD Business Intelligence Status: 01 / 2008

2007

Mobile Voice the cash cow

Mobile voice revenues increasing + 2,3%


Circuit switched voice as long-term
key revenue and profit generator
Trend towards enhanced voice quality and
demand for comfort features
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Nokia Siemens Networks

Voice margins under pressure


Strong voice traffic growth
at falling prices

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

2012

CMX-5000 provides an optimized user experience


without large investment
Key success factors
Protect voice revenues
with an optimized user
experience

Transport growing CS
voice at minimum costs
leverage existing voice
network

CMX-5000 solution
Complete range of voice quality
features: WB-AMR, TrFO, TFO
Broad portfolio of differentiating
features: CAMEL, ASCI, A-Flexibility

Mature high capacity 2G/3G MSC


Utmost scalability and configuration
flexibility
Proven cost efficient O&M

Maximize the value of the existing CS Core

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Fast market penetration with R4 combined with


R99 business continuation
CS Core
market
(schematic)

R99 classic softswitching


Market
trends

Shrinking but still volume R99 business

Motivation Network modernization with R4 at the right


time

Nokia Siemens Networks

R4 mobile softswitching

Fast market shift towards softswitching

OPEX minimizing architecture


Future proven investment: evolution towards
VoIP, IMS interworking

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Risk free and cost efficient network modernization


from a single vendor for R99 and R4

Nokia Siemens Networks

Nokia Siemens Networks


knowledge of

Customer
benefit

CMX-5000
Customer`s specific
features

Feature parity plus


additional features

SINAP

Early availability in
R4 from Nokia Siemens
Networks

Customers network
topology and transport
network & Tooling

Faster and risk


avoiding network
migration

Interface specifics

Intense inhouse
system verification

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Profitable business continuation of CMX-5000


Large Installed Base CMX-5000

> 2,400 Network


Elements

> 1,600 MSC


> 560 HLR
> 250 MSC/HLR

179 Projects

thereof 108 with up to


4 network elements
less motivated to
introduce R4

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

We are the leader in GSM-R


Nobody delivers more GSM-R Systems than Nokia Siemens Networks
Contracts
Belgium
China
Finland
Greece
India
India
India
India
Italy
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Saudi
Spain
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
UK

SNCB
MoR China Railway SCC
Finnish Railway Admin.
ERGA OSE
NR (Northern Railway)
ECR (East Central Railway)
NCR (North Central Railway)
NFR (North Frontier Railways)
Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
SIRTI Highspeed
Pro Rail
Jernbaneverket
Saudi Railways Organisation
ADIF (GIF/RENFE)
Ministry of Transportation
Banverket
SBB
CTRL

Implications for CMX-5000:


Long-term contractual obligations
Profitable business continuation

Status: April 2007

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Content

10

CMX-5000 Product Strategy


Roadmaps
High Customer Value Features
Network Modernization
Summary

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

CMX-5000 MSC/HLRc/EIR Release Highlights


SR12/UCR4.0cs | 12/2006
CAMEL Ph4:
SMS-MT
CAMEL Ph4:
Detection Point CoP
VoATM in
Core Network
Transcoder Free
Operation (TrFO)
Multiple MCC/MNC

SR13/UCR5.0cs | 08/2007
TFO for UMTS
Wideband - AMR
A-/Iu-Flex
Subscriber Access
Control
Setting of VLR Purge
Parameters
ASCI: Expansion of
Group Call Areas and
Ciphering for VGCS

SR14/UCR6.0cs | 07/2008
CAMEL Ph4:
Call Party Handling
VLR Mobility Data
Backup
Inter-MSC Load
Redistribution
Support of HSDPA
16 Mbps (HLRc)
ASCI: GC Broadcast
Point in BSS

CAMEL Phase 4
Completion
Fast Feature Capability
Video Telephony
Redial
Automatic Device
Detection
ASCI: VGCS/VBS with
A-Flex
HLRc Backup and N+X
Redundancy

MSC/VLR: 1.3 Mio


HLRc:
3.0 Mio
EIR:
30.0 Mio entr.
16.0 Mio req.

MSC/VLR: 1.2 Mio


HLRc:
1.5 Mio
EIR:
6.0 Mio entries
16.0 Mio req.

MSC/VLR: 1.2 Mio


HLRc:
2.0 Mio*
EIR:
6.0 Mio entries
16.0 Mio req.

MSC/VLR: 1.2 Mio


HLRc:
2.0 Mio
EIR:
30.0 Mio entr.
16.0 Mio req.

Power CP Step 3
(up to 16 CAPs)

Power CP Step 4
(up to 18 CAPs)

MPUF
LTGP+

Available

Contract

Planned

Revenue Growth

Efficiency

* upon request
11

Nokia Siemens Networks

SR15/UCR7.0cs | 03/2010

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Connectivity

CMX-5000 MSC Performance Evolution - 1


SR12/UCR4.0cs | 12/2006

SR13/UCR5.0cs | 08/2007

SR14/UCR6.0cs | 07/2008

SR15/UCR7.0cs | 03/2010

2G & 3G:
1.2 Mio

Max. no. of mobile subscribers

2G & 3G:
1.2 Mio

3G: 1.0 Mio

2G or 3G:
1.2 Mio

3G: 0.75 Mio

Available

12

2G or 3G:
1.3 Mio

Contract

Planned

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Traffic assumptions:
BHCA = 0.5
LUP/h = 1.2
Load A,
100% active subscribers
100% complete security

CMX-5000 HLRc/EIR Performance Evolution - 2


SR12/UCR4.0cs | 12/2006

SR13/UCR5.0cs | 08/2007

SR14/UCR6.0cs | 07/2008

SR15/UCR7.0cs | 03/2010

HLRc
Max. no.
of mobile subs.

3.0 Mio
2.0 Mio*

2.0 Mio

1.5 Mio

Max. no.
of entries & requests/BH

EIR
30.0 Mio
entries

16.0 Mio
requests/BH

Contract

16.0 Mio
requests/BH

6.0 Mio entr.

6.0 Mio entr.

Available

16.0 Mio
requests/BH

Planned

* upon request
13

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

30.0 Mio
entries

16.0 Mio
requests/BH

Content

14

CMX-5000 Product Strategy


Roadmaps
High Customer Value Features
Network Modernization
Summary

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Release UCR5.0cs / SR13

Tandem Free Operation for UMTS


Description
Functionality
Number of transcoding steps (decoding
+ encoding) impacts voice quality by
adding delay and deteriorating the
speech signal
TFO for UMTS avoids transcoding in
case of ATM/TDM interworking, e.g.
2G/3G calls
Includes TrFO/TFO interworking
Prerequisite for WB AMR in case of
ATM/TDM interworking
Background/Market Situation
Currently, additional transcodings
required in case of ATM/TDM
interworking, e.g. 2G/3G calls
Voice quality of 2G/3G calls inferior
to pure GSM calls
General tendency towards FCS
(fixed call substitution)

15

Nokia Siemens Networks

Example:
GSM/UMTS scenario with TDM in the core network

TDM
64 kbps

BSC/TRAU 2G/3G MSC

Iu

TFO
Termination

TFO

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

RNC

2G/3G MSC
G.711

Compressed
speech
A/T

TrFO

Release UCR5.0cs / SR13

Wideband-AMR
Description
Functionality
The used codec type influences directly
the voice quality. Highest voice quality
is provided by Wideband-AMR
Higher bandwidth (7 kHz) than NB-AMR
Double sampling rate (16kHz) than
NB-AMR
Better voice quality than PSTN

3G

RNC

2G/3G MSC
Background/Market Situation
Currently voice quality of mobile
calls (2G and/or 3G) inferior to PSTN
calls
General tendency towards FLS (fixed
line substitution)

2G

Prerequisites
End-to-end capability (MS/UE + RAN
+ CN)
Transcoding has to be avoided

Nokia Siemens Networks

increased

wire-line speech,

improved

naturalness

NB AMR, EFR ...

intelligibility

WB AMR

0
16

BSC

50 Hz

200 Hz

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

WB AMR

3400 Hz

voice
frequency
spectrum

7000 Hz

Release UCR5.0cs / SR13

Wideband-AMR: Superior Voice Quality


MOS (mean opinion score) test according to ITU-T P.830 recommendation

4
3.9
3
2.9
2
1
MOS
NB-AMR
(12.2 kbit/s)

WB-AMR
(12.65 kbit/s)

Source: Laaksonen, L.; Kontio, J.; Alku, P., 2005 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics,
Speech, and Signal Processing, 18-23 March 2005, Philadelphia, PA, USA

17

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Release UCR5.0cs / SR13

A- and Iu-Flexibility

From a hierarchical (n:1)


RNC/BSC MSC relation

Description
Functionality
Connection of RNCs/BSCs to multiple
MSCs creating a meshed network
structure
Site redundancy providing service
continuity during MSC outages, caused
by events such as:
- Disasters, external technical failures
- Maintenance
Load sharing between MSCs allowing
flexible accommodation of peak loads
Background/Market Situation
Currently one MSC per RNC/BSC
(hierarchical network structure)
Increasing node sizes require reliable
redundancy concepts
General tendency towards meshed
network structures
Remarks
A- and Iu-flexibility must also be
supported by RAN
18

Nokia Siemens Networks

MSC

BSC/RNC

BSC/RNC

To a meshed (n:m)
RNC/BSC MSC relation

MSC Pool Area

MSC

MSC

MSC

BSC/RNC

BSC/RNC

BSC/RNC

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Release UCR5.0cs / SR13

Setting of VLR Purge Parameters


Description
Functionality
Allows the operator to administer the VLR

MSC

purge parameters (occupancy threshold,


inactive time threshold, purge interval time)
by means of MML-commands

VLR

Purging of subscriber data for a mobile


station (MS) which was inactive for a
period of time (according to 3GPP TS
23.012)

registered subscribers

Improvement of resource management


through optimized allocation of VLR
inactive
subscribers

resources
Background/Market Situation
Tendency towards increased
number of low activity subscribers

19

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Release UCR2.1cs / SR10

SIGTRAN
Description
Functionality
SS7 traffic is transported via IP instead
of TDM/ATM
Separation of signalling traffic from any
other data is possible via standard
technology e.g. MPLS VPNs
Background/Market Situation
General tendency towards all IP
infratructure

From TDM leased lines


to transport signalling
data

To IP based transport of
signalling data together
with any kind of IP-based
data

Operator
IP
network

TDM

Benefit
Reduced leased line costs
Harmonization of backbone
technology
Stepwise migrations to All-IP is
possiple

20

Nokia Siemens Networks

MSC

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

MSC

Content

21

CMX-5000 Product Strategy


Roadmaps
High Customer Value Features
Network Modernization
Summary

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Operator challenges and possible measure


OPEX pressure

Fewer sites
IP transmission network
Lower OAM by fewer
network elements

Decreasing revenue

New IP based services, e.g.

Changing market

First step towards

environment

voice over IP
full IP network (IMS/FMC)

Capacity extension required High capacity equipment


Easily extendable
Network Modernization to NSN Rel-4 Technology
22

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

The market leading softswitch solution


MSC Server System
High performance call control

DX 200 MSC Server

DX 200 MSC-Server

MSC Server system with largest market share


IMS CS core interworking with SIP call control
Support of end to end VoIP and IP multimedia services
with NVS functionality

standardised
control I/F
2G
3G
IP

IP
TDM, ATM

Media Gateway

2G
3G
PSTN

Media Gateway

IPA 2800 Media Gateway

Nokia Siemens Networks

2004

IP backbone support from the very beginning


Complete feature set and high capacity
Extensive set of voice codecs, now also WB-AMR

Simple to operate
transport function

23

2004

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

MSC Server Field proven with a complete


feature set
Overview MSC Server
Distributed and modular computing platform
Standard Intel processors
Functionality
GSM and WCDMA call control and mobility management
Direct IP connections from network element
VoIP Server for SIP-based call control
Very high reliability: 2N and N+1
Capacity (M14)
3 000 000 subscribers
2 500 000 BHCA
2 000 000 SMS/BH
Upgradeability
Full reuse of existing DX200 platform

24

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

IPA 2800 Multimedia Gateway field proven,


complete feature set and high capacity
Overview IPA 2800 Multimedia Gateway
2G, 3G, VoIP traffic processing in 3GPP Rel-4 to Rel-7
based networks
Simultaneous support of 2G and 3G
Functionality
Media transportation
Media processing (speech, CS data)
including voice compression and TFO/TrFO
Additional features like announcements and
conferencing
Signaling transport (SIGTRAN)
Capacity (U4)
2 500 000 BHCA
50 000 simultaneous calls (Erl)
25

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Basic network modernization idea:


Find optimal balance between investments and
OPEX savings
Optimizing modernization investment
No unnecessary depreciation of legacy
hardware and software
Seamless mixed operation of legacy nodes
and new Rel-4 equipment
Minimum integration effort with one single
supplier for R'99 and Rel-4 soft switching
Stepwise rollout of QoS enabled IP BB

26

Nokia Siemens Networks

OPEX savings due to modernization


Cost efficiency of the mature and
successful NSN Rel-4 soft switch
Introduction of unmanned MGW sites
for switching of local traffic
Transmission cost savings by
efficient IP backbone operations

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Different options how to migrate to R4


Starting Point

Mid Term

Long Term

1
NSN R99

1
4

2
2

Siemens R99

NSN R4

3
NSN R4

5
5

NSN R99
and R4

NSN R99
and R4

For each of these options, of course multiple different variants exist in each project.

27

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Re-use options for R99 equipment


MSC/VLR or GMSC

HLR

MSC/VLR or
MSC/VLR/HLR/AC or
MSC/VLR/HLR/AC/EIR
or

HLRc

SA-STP

SA-EIR
The optimum strategy has to be identified project specific.
Of course it is possible to continue with the combined usage after migration.

28

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Planning Items to be considered


Modernization Planning Items

Current Network information


derived from Network Audit

Implemented End-User Features


Network topology
NE capacity
Traffic flow
Transmission network

Mode of Migration (slow/fast,

29

Overlay/SWAP)
Capacity rollout
Site concept (concentration / MGW
location)
Transmission Backbone (IP/ATM/TDM)
Redundancy and resiliency
requirements
Evolution of PSTN, Service Centre,
interconnection etc.
Interworking with IMS
Nokia Siemens Networks

Strategy

Target requirements

End-User / Customized Feature migration


Target network topology
NE definition & configuration
Site configuration
Transmission network
Interconnections to NG PSTN, service
and application centre
OAM integration
Migration Roll-out schedule

Additional Planning Items

Network Services
Network Planning
Network Optimization
Resources, Competence development
Build, Operations (managed services) &
Transfer activities
Nokia Siemens Networks is offering these
services and network audits too.

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Other Modernization Issues


Feature parity
Integrated MSC/VLR/EIR/HLRc
IN services (SINAP)
Legal Interception (LI)
Charging

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

KPI
Mobile Number Portability
Operating Support Systems

OK
OK
OK

30

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

M14.1/M14.2
SA-EIR/STP/HLRc
M14.1
Utimaco
charge@once mediate
(CMD2.2) / 3rd party
Comparision available
hiS700
SwitchCommander
integrated in NetAct
OSS4.2

An operational model designed to address


our customers business needs / challenges
NI: providing network
implementation services
including turnkey services
for fixed, mobile and IP
technologies

CSI: supporting operators


in addressing their business
challenges and improving
their business performance
through consulting and
systems integration
services

Network
Implementation

Consulting
& Systems
Integration

MS: plan and build the


management systems for a
customer's network, whilst
hosting solutions for service
lifecycle management as well
as providing network
coverage and capacity on
demand.

31

Nokia Siemens Networks

Managed
Services

Care

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

CARE: providing the best


hardware and software
maintenance services for
optimal network
performance

NSNs strong CS Core replacement track record

CS Core swap experience in >50 operator networks in 24 countries


~ 50 million subscribers migrated to CS core
More than 130 MSCs swapped
More than 100 HLRs swapped
Alcatel
9 operators in 7 countries
Ericsson
20 operators in 15
countries
2 3G CS core entries into
Ericsson 2G NSS domain
Huawei
7 operators in 6 countries

32

Nokia Siemens Networks

Nortel
9 operators in 8 countries
2 3G CS core entries into
Nortel
2G NSS domain
ZTE
2 operators in 2 countries
Lucent
3 operators in 3 countries

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Content

33

CMX-5000 Product Strategy


Roadmaps
High Customer Value Features
Network Modernization
Summary

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Nokia Siemens Networks CMX-5000


Complete voice feature set
Voice quality, CAMEL, Group call
features

Optimal network
modernization

Improved availability

Risk free network modernization


towards R4 ensured by feature
parity and intense inhouse system
verification

34

Flexible re-routing with


A-/ Iu-Flexibility and HLR backup

Utmost flexible configuration

Cost efficient scalability

MSC/VLR, T-MSC, HLR/AC, EIR,


GSM-MGW and combinations

Cost efficient HW scalability based


on 18 CAPs

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008

Thank you for your attention!

Contact:
michael.reber@nsn.com
35

Nokia Siemens Networks

Mobile Voice Core User Group Helsinki / Michael Reber / 27.03.2008