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TWO

OF THE

SAXON CHRONICLES
=m

PARALLEL
(-871001 ad.)

ICO

WITH

;o
>CD

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"*"

EABLE'S

TWO SAXON CHRONICLES


PARALLEL

(787-1001 a.d.)

PL UMMER

HENRY FROWDE

Oxford University Press Warehouse

Amen Corner,

E.C.

ATio\o-^axoY CVrrorncle

TWO OF THE

SAXON CHKONICLES
PARALLEL
(7871001

a.d.)

WITH

SUPPLEMENTARY EXTRACTS FROM THE OTHERS

A
EDITED,

Revised Text

WITH INTRODUCTION, CRITICAL NOTES, AND GLOSSARY


BY

CHARLES PLUMMER,
Fellow and Chaplain of Corpus Christi

M.A.

College,

Oxford

ON THE BASIS OF AN EDITION BY

JOHN EARLE,

M.A.

Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Oxford,

and sometime

Fellow and Tutor of Oriel College

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS


1889
[AM

rights reserved]

150

H>

Mi

HISTORICAL OUTLINE.

xiii

Ecgbert had made good his supremacy over Kent and East
Anglia (823), and over Mercia, Northumbria, and Wales (827-8).

But

had

scarcely

when

semblance of national union been

this faint

work was more than undone by the onsets


attained,
of heathen Danes, which soon assumed a much more organised
the

Northumberland, East Anglia, and the eastern half of


Mercia were soon overrun and conquered Wessex was fiercely

form.

The struggle culminated under Alfred, whose wars

attacked.

form the central point of interest in our narrative.


Alfred holds in real history the place which romance assigns
to Arthur a Christian king,

who
land.

Scarce other than

my own

ideal knight/

back the tide of heathen conquest from his native


The peace of 878, by which more than half of England

rolls

passed to the Dane, might seem the confession of a disastrous defeat.

In

had been gained.

reality

it

is

impossible to overestimate what

Wessex was

Alfred saved England, and in

and in saving Wessex


saving England he saved Western
saved,

Europe from becoming a Scandinavian power. It is true that


this did not avert later conquest under Swegen and Cnut
;

but though that conquest gave England for a time a dynasty


of Danish kings, it did not make her Scandinavian in the

same sense in which the

earlier

conquests would have done,

had they been successful. And if Wessex had lost much by the
Danish inroads she had also gained something by them. They

made her

the representative of English national feeling, the


one power in the island which could boast a royal house of

unbroken national descent.


lay in the endeavour to

The work

of Alfred's successors

win back and incorporate the under-

But the
kingdoms which had been ceded to the Danes.
work was only very imperfectly accomplished, when it was more
than undone by the renewal of the Danish inroads towards the

INTRODUCTION.

xiv

ioth century, which culminated in the election

close of the

of

Cnut

as sole king of

more than a quarter of a century of

dynasty, during
to

make good

But the Danish

in 1017.

England

hold on England

its

rule, failed

and the chief significance

of Cnut's exploit lies in the fact that he prepared the

He

Norman.

for "William the

first

made England

way
The

one.

unity thus created found an outward expression and a material


frame- work in the administrative system of Henry II, and

made

received the informing spirit which

from the constitutional reforms of Edward

in looking forward to this time

the

first

Latin poet,

'Tantae molis erat

me

we have passed

We may

the limits of our little book.

It remains for

I,

'

king

followed a purely English policy

flection of the

'

who 'bore a purely English name, and

since the Conquest

But

a living thing

it

Romanam

to express a

far

beyond

conclude with the re-

condere gentem

2
.'

few of the most prominent

obligations which I have incurred in the preparation of this


little

book.

use of the

For the glossary I have naturally made constant

new Bosworth-Toller Anglo-Saxon Dictionary/


'

also

'

Anglo-Saxon Header,' the glossary to which


contains an excellent selection of words.
Grein's monumental
of Mr. Sweet's

Sprachschatz

der

angelsachsischen Dichter

'

has

also

been

of the greatest service, especially with reference to the poetical

passages in the Chronicle.

My

thanks to the

are helping

friends

me with my work

however, mention.
Earle, to

many

whom

Freeman,

I
'

In the

owe

Norm.

my

who have helped me and who


Three names I must,
place I must thank Professor

I defer.

first

original introduction to Anglo-Saxon

Conq.',

i.

6.

Virg. iEn.

i.

33.

xv

INTRODUCTION.
studies, for the generosity

casting of his

with which he consented to the re-

work by a younger hand, and not

less for

un-

and sympathy throughout the work. I must thank


Professor Napier, who, amid pressing occupations of his own,

tiring help

found time to read the proofs of the glossary, and to

many

useful corrections

and suggestions.

He

make very

is not,

however,

in the slightest degree responsible for the general arrangement

and execution of the glossary. And I must thank the Reverend


J. T. Lang, M.A., Fellow and Tutor of Corpus Christi College,
Cambridge, who, when I went to Cambridge to collate the
Parker MS., received me, a perfect stranger, as if I had been
an old friend.
colleagues, I

To

his hospitality

owe many pleasant

of genuine satisfaction to

me

and kindness, and that of his


associations.

that

my

first real

It is

a matter

experience of

Cambridge life should have been in connection with the College


which bears the same name as my own.

Stratford Tony, Salisbury


April i%th, 1889.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PAGE

Introduction

Explanation of Glossary.

List of Contractions

Parallel Chronicles, 787-1001 a.d

Glossary

86

EXPLANATION OF THE GLOSSARY.

In the references
has been written for 7C throughout
this will cause
no confusion, as any quotations made from MS. A. (W.) will be indicated

by

W.

The

interpolations in

An

asterisk after a

MS.

"K

are indicated by a.

form or reference means that the form or passage


and E.

cited will be found in both the principal texts, ?f

Where a word
numbered

occurs in

in the head-line,

two or more
and

different forms, these forms are

to save repetition corresponding

affixed to the references given, thus

numbers

a-flyman* (i), a-flieman (A) (2). p.pl.


-mdon. 797A. (2). E (1).
This means that the form a-flyman occurs in
both texts, the form a-flieman only in !S and that the preterite plural
will be found at the year 797, in !S in the form afltemdon, in E in the
:

form aflymdon.

A dagger

prefixed to a

word means that

it

occurs only in the poetical

portions of the Chronicle.

Forms which

are abnormal or corrupt are included in round brackets.

Reference

made by means

is

of annals, unless the annal covers

than a page, in which case the page


t,

h,

m,

1,

is

given in addition.

The

more

letters

b, suffixed to page-references, indicate top, high, middle, low,

bottom.

Names

of persons are not included in the glossary.

Names

of places are included in the glossary unless (1) their identi-

fication is doubtful, (2) the

cause no difficulty.

A reference

form

is

so similar to the

modern form

Local names are indicated by the letters

without any form preceding

B 1

indicates that the head-word

it

occurs in that place in an unchanged form

as to

NL.

i.

e.

verbs in the infinitive,

EXPLANATION OF THE GLOSSARY.

substantives in the nominative or accusative (where

same

the latter

is

the

as the former).

Unless otherwise noted the

finite

mood

cited

always the indicative,

is

the person, always the third (singular or plural).

The

abbreviations st.str.wh. applied to verbs and nouns indicate strong

and weak
definite

In the case of adjectives the terms indefinite and


are sometimes used to express the strong and weak declensions.
respectively.

= preterite,

p.

p.p.

past participle,

fq.

frequently.

The ordinary grammatical abbreviations require no

Words

in

Words

in which

which

eo, ie,
ce

i,

e occur,

have sometimes

explanation.

to

be sought under

occur have sometimes to be sought under

e,

y.

and

conversely.
J)

and S are not

German words

distinguished.

are given for comparison only

when they

form or meaning to the Anglo-Saxon than any word

in

are nearer in

modern English.

Obsolete or provincial words are printed in spaced type, e.g. 'lav

e.'

LIST OF CONTRACTIONS.

at).

=
=
=

abt).

abbe.
j
arcet).

art),

ercet).

wint

various cases.

and, ond.
arcebisceop,

ercebiscop,

&c, and

various cases.

f, S

k, kl

bisc. bisp.

its

abbodesse, abbudesse.

arcebiscop,

=
=
=
=

t5, t5s,

abbot, abbod, abbud, and

bisceop, biscop,

&c, and

kalendas.

nonas.
J>aet,

pet, &et.

winter, wintra, &c.

its

various cases,

its

TWO SAXON CHRONICLES

PARALLEL
787-1001 a.d.

THE PAEKEE

MS.

(S)

Her nom Beorhtric cyning Offan dohtor Eadburge


on his dagum cuomon serest -iii- scipu, J?a se gerefa |?3erto
787.

*j

rad,} hie wolde drifan to J?ses cyninges tune J?y he nyste hwset
hiene mon ofslog
hie wseron
"j
pset wseron J?a serestan
;

scipu Deniscra monna J?e Tfngel cynnes lond gesohton r


790. Her Iaenbryht 1 sercebisc forjrferde, "j J?y ilcan geare
w<#s g^coren ^E|>elheard abbud to bisc r
792. Her Offa Miercna cyning het yEJ?elbryhte rex pat

heafod ofaslean.
787.

(F)

on

his

Her

Brihtric cing

dagan coman

nam

serost

-iii.

Offan dohter Eadburhge to wiue.

~}

NorS manna 2 of Here^alande.

scipa

manna ^e Angelcynnes land

Dset wseran ^a serostan scipa Deniscra


3
ge sohton
.

f.

788.

49. b.

Her was Sino^ ge gaderod on Nordhumbra lande

Pincan-

aet

heale.

Her was Alwold NorShymbra cing 6fslagen.


heouonlice
lioht was gelome gesawen ar ^ar he ofslagen was. (3 Osred
Alcredes sunu feng to rice. forSan he was Alwoldes neua. And
789.

~]

mycel sino^ was at Aclea.)

Her Ianbyrht arb forSferde. ~) as ylcan geares was


coren
Aelhard (Hludensis monasterii) a'Bb to arb. ^ Osred NorSge
hymbra cing was aflymed of rice. iE^elred A^elwaldes sunu eft
790.

~]

feng to rice
791.

4
.

Her Baldulf was gehalgod

to

b fram Eanbalde arb

"J

fram

iE^elberhte b to Hwiterne.
792. Her Offa cing het iE^elberhte 'cinge' f heauod of aslean.
793. Her wseran re^e fore bycna cumene on NorShymbra land.

^ waeran ormete ligrsescas. j weeran


^awlifte
dracan
on
fleogende. ^and' sona fyly'g'de
gesawenae fyrene
3

2
3

folc earmlice drektan.

Eadbriht. B. C.
de Danis. F. Lat.
Primse fuere quia

ante has postquam Angli intrauerunt Britanniam uenerunt aliae. F.

nunquam

Lat.

THE LAUD

MS.

(E)
787.

on

his

Her nam Breohtric cining Offan dohter Eadburge. 3


5
dagum comon aerest iii. scipu NorSmanna of HeretSa

f.

25.

f.

26.

lande. 3 J>a se ge refa faer to rad. j he wolde drifan to Ses


cininges tune ]?y he nyste hwaet hi waeron. j hine man of sloh J>a.

Daet waeron J>a erestan scipu Deniscra manna J>e Angel cynnes
land ge sohton.
788. Her wses sinotS ge gaderod on NorShymbra lande eet

Pincanheale on

no

-iii^i'-

Sept'.

-j

Aldberht

atJtS

forSferde

6
.

Karolus per Alemanniam uenit ad fines Bauuarie.


789. Her Alfwold NortSanhymbra cining wses of slagan fram
Sigan on -ix kl Octobr. 3 heofenlic leoht wees gelome seogen

bebyrged on Hagust'dee..
ge gaderod aet Aclea. 3 Osred

Saer J>er he ofslagen waes. 3 he waes

innan

sino(5 waes
]?aere cyrican. 3

Alchredes sunu feng to rice aefter him, se waes his nefa.


790. Her Tanbriht arcebiscop forcSferde. ~] py ilcan geare waes
ge coren ^ESelheard aTTb to arceb. 3 Osred NorSan hymbra
cining waes be swicen -3 of rice adrefed. 3 iESelred At5elwaldes

sunu

eft

791.

feng to rice.
waes Baldwulf ge halgod to b to Hwiterne on

Her

xvi

Avg.

fram Eanbalde arceb. 3 fram JEcSelberhte biscope.


Her Offa Myrcena cining het iESelbrihte f heafod of
slean. j Osred j?e waes Norpanhymbra cining aefter wraec siSe
ham cumenum gelaeht waes. and ofslagen on 'xviii* kl Octobr.
792.

3 his lie ligtS set TinanmuJ>e. 3 iEcSelred cining feng to niwan


wife, seo waes iElfled ge haten. on -iii- Ik. Octobr.
793. Her waeron re(5e forebecna cumene ofer NortSanhymbra
7
bregdon f waeron ormete lig raescas
waeron ge seowene fyrene dracan on J>am lyfte fleogende. }>am

land.
~\

~]

folc earmlice

Et ^ESelredus ASelwolding

F. Lat.
cepit regnum.
5
So B. C. D. F.

re-

in

Hripum. add. D.

)>odenas

"J

ligrescaa.

D.

THE PARKER

MS.

(ft)

Her

7dri&mis papa 3 Offa cyning for]?ferdon


*}
wa3s
his
from
ofslaegen
zE)?elred NorJ?an hymbra cyning
Ceolwulf
bisc
Eadbald
bisc of J?3em londe
j
j
agenre j?eode,
794.

aforon

3 Ecgfer)? feng to

forjrferde

Miercna

Eadbryht onfeng

rice

rice. 3 ]>j ilcan

geare

on Cent, fam was

o)>er

noma nemned Prsenr


796. Her Ceolwulf Miercna cyning

oferhergeade CantPraen hiera cyning, 3 g^bunoj? Mersc, "j grfengun


denne hine on Mierce l<eddonr

ware

797.

Her Romane Leone

papa^ his tungon

]?a?m

for-

eagan astungon, 3 hine of his setle afliemdon;


Gode fultomiendum he meahte geseon 3
eft was papa swa he ser wsesr

curfon, 3 his
3

son a eft

J?a

sprecan, 3

(F) mycel hunger. ] sefter am ^es ylcan geares earmlice harSenra hergung adyligodan Godes cyrican in Lindis farena ee. ^ur'h' reaflac
3 manslyht \
f- 50794. Her Adrianws papa j Offa cing forSferdon.
3 A^elred
NorSh. cing was ofslagen. "j Ceolwulf fa "J Eadbald fe of ^anlande
|

foron.

"J

Eg VferS

feng to Myrcwa

rice.

"]

on ^an geare forSferde.

Eadber'h/t 'Preen' onfeng rice on Cent.


795. Her wses se mona a^estred. betwyx hancre

"J

"J

dagung

Eardulf feng to Nordh. rice. "J gebletsod to cinge fram Eanbalde


3 iE^elberhte b 3 Higbalde. J Badewulfe b.

2
.

art)

796. Her 'on' ^ys'on' gearae Ceolwulf Myrcna cing ouerhergode


Cent. 3 ge feng 'Eadberht' Praen heora cing. ~\ gebundene lsedde
on Myrce (3 let him pytan 3 ut his eagan. 3 ceorfan of his handa.)

Ond A^elard

f.

50. b.

arb. of

Cantwareb. sette syno^, "J getrymde 3 ge faestnode. ^urh ^as papan haese Leones ealle ^a ^ing be Godes mynstran.
^a wsaron gesett be Wiht gares daege, ~) be o^ra cinga daege.
798 (?). ... 3 ^EBelbyrht b. forSferde. (j Alfhun b forSferde on
Sudberi. 3 he wearS bebyrged [on] Domuce. 3 TidfrrS wearS ge coren
miter him. 3 Siric East sexana cing ferde to Rome. Her on by sum

ylcan geare Wihtburge lichama wearS gefunden eal gehal "J unfor
d 4 a Deorham. after fif 3 fifti gearon bas ^e heo of ^ysum
Hue gewat.)
.

Terrain
.

rapinis et homicidiis
Sci Albani Martyris.
F. Lat.
inter gallicantum et auroram

vi- ki.
3

read
*

Iun. F. Lat.
is doubtful.

This word
it

done muj>an. D.
on -iiii- E. Agst'. D.
Mercware. D.

6
7

(recte.)

M.H.B.

pycan.

sine corruptione. F. Lat,

ne erased in MS.
From D. The omission in E is
due to the recurrence of the words
9

on

It

NOV.

THE LAUD
tacnum sona
geares on

-vi-

MS.

(E)

fyligde mycel hunger. 3 litel sefter J>am pses ilcan


idus Ianr earmlice hecSenra manna hergung adiligode

man sleht.

Godes

cyrican. in Lindisfarena ee. )?urh reaflac. 3


Sicga foroYerde on vii'i' Ik. Mr.

~)

Her Adrianus papa 3 Offa cining forSferden. 3 JESelred


Noroanhymbra cining wses ofslagan fram his agenre ]?eode
on -xiii- "k Mai. 3 Ceolwulf b 3 Eadbald biscop of fan lande
794.

aforon. 3 EcgferS feng to

Myrcene

rice.

by

ilcan geare forS-

ferde.
3 Eadbriht onfeng rice on Cent >am wses o"$er nama
nemned Prsen. 3 ^ESelheard ealdorman foroTerde on Aug'.
j

J>a

hsecSenan on

Sone mupe

set

NorShymbrum

berefodon.

-j

hergodon. 3 Ecgferftes mynster


pser heora heretogena sum of

eac heora scipu sume Jmrh oferweder wurdon


tobrocene. 3 heora feala J>ser adruncon. "j sume cuce to f>am
stsefte comon. 3 J>a man sona ofsloh set Saere ea mu'San.
slsegen wearo\

795.

"j

Her wses

seo

mona

atSistrod

betwux

hancred.

dagunge on -V' ki Apr. j Eardvvulf feng to Norfanhymbran


cine dome on -ii- idus Mai. ~) he wses sycScSan ge bletsod. 3
to his cine stole ahofen on vii k Iunii on Eoferwic fram
Eanbalde arceb. 3 iEoelberhte.
796.

Her

Angusti. se

Aug'

J?ses

*j

Higbalde. 3 Badewulfe.
6

Myrcena [cining] on -iiii- idus


rixode xb wintra. 3 Eanbald arceb on -iiii* idus
foroTerde

Offa

ilcan geares. 3 his lie ligcS on Eoferwic. 3 J>es ilcan

for (5 ferde

Ceolwulf

b.

man

ge halgode o}?er[ne
xixon
kl
on
ooYes
stal
Septe. 3 J>y ilcan
J>ses
Ean]bald
ofer
Ceolwulf
Myrcena cining
hergode Cantware j Mersc
geare
7
ware. 3 gefengon Prsen heora cining. j gebu n'den[ne] 8 hine
geares

lseddon on Myrce.

797.
his

Her Komane Leone

Tpam papan his tungan forcurfan. j


ut
hine
of his setle aflymdon. 3 J?a sona
eagan
astungon. and

Gode ge fultumiendum he mihte geseon 3 sprecan. 3 eft


wses papa swa he ser wses. "j Eanbald onfeng pallium on -viidus Sept. 3 iESelberht b for^Jferde on [xvii k. Nouemb. 3
eft

Heardred man gehalgode on

his steal to biscop. on]

Her

-iii-

k Nov.

wses mycel gefeoht on Noroliymbra lande on lengtene on 'iiii- N. Apr. set Hweallsege. 3 j?ser man ofsloh Alric
798.

Heardberhtes sunu. 3

otSre

msenige mid him.

f.

26. b.

THE PARKER

10

799.

Her

bisc foron to

yEj^elheard

MS.

(ft)

Cynebryht Wesseaxna

sercebisc 3

Romer

Her Beorhtric cyning for)?ferde j Worr aldor mon


j Ecgbryht feng to Wesseaxna rice
j )?y ilcan dsege rad
man
aldor
of
Hwiccium
ofer set Cynemseres
zEj?elmund
forda, ]?a mette hine Weoxtan aldor man mid Wilsa3tim;
800.

f 11. b.

peer wear]? micel gefeoht,

men,

3 Wilssetan

nam on

~)

J?a?r

begen ofsla3gene

J?a

aldor

siger

Her wses g^hadod Beornmod bisc to Hrofes ceastreV


803. Her zEJ?elheard a3rce bisc for]?ferde, 3 Wulfred wses
802.

to sercebisc gehadod, j For)?red abbud for Jrferde r

Her Wulfred aerce bisc pallium onfengr


805. Her Cubred cyning forJ?ferde on Cantwarum,

804.

3
Ceolburg abbudesse, "j Heabryht aldor man r
812. Her Carl cyning forJ?ferde, 3 lie ricsode -xlv- wint.

Wulfred arcebisc

Wigbryht Wesseaxna

bisc

foron

begen to Borne r
813. Her Wulfred sercebisc mid bledsunge ]?ses papan
Leon hwearf eft to bis agnum bisc dome
J?y geare geheron
West
Walas
from
eastewearduw
gade Ecgbryht cyning
weste wearder
oJ>
;

814. Her Leo se <e]?ela papa


him Stephana* feng to riceV
f.

51.

~)

3 se halga for]?ferde, j sefter

F. 806. .(e)... (Eac on ^ys ylcan geare. ii- n Iufi. rodetacn


nionan anes Wodnes dseges innan ^are dawearS ateowed on
^is
on
an iii. kf. Sept. an wunderlic trendel
an
eft
geare
genge.
wearS ateowed abutan ^are sunnan 5 .)
809. Her seo sunne a^estrode on angynne ^are fifte tide ^as
a
ma ix a
dages .xvii. kt. Aug. ii ieria. luna xx

&m

So B. C. D. F.
D. places this entry in this form
under the year 801 but repeats it
in the form in which it occurs in E.
under the year 802.
3
Heabriht. B.C. Heard bryht. D.
2

'

to papdome. F.

Hoc anno etiam

xiiii-

signum

-ii-

N. Iun. luna

crucis mirabili

modo

in

luna apparuit feria -v- aurora in ci pi ente hoc modo #. Eodem anno -iiik Sept. luna xii- die dominica hora
iiii- corona mirabilis in circuitu solis
apparuit. F. Lat.
6
So E. against all the MSS.
7
secunda hora noctis. F. Lat.
8
(filius Ealhmundi regis). F.Lat.
9
Wihstan. B. Weohstan. C. D.

THE LAUD
Her JESelred 6 arceb

799.
foran to

800.

MS.

II

(E)

3 Cynebriht WaestSsexna biscop

Roma.

Her

mona

waes se

atSistrad

on Ssere oSre tid onniht 7

on -xvii- ki Febf. 3 Brihtric ciuing fortSferde. 3 WoVr sealdorman. 3 Ecgberht 8 feng to WsestSeaxna rice. "3 J?y ilcan dseg
rad iEjjaelmund ealdorman of Hwiccum of^er' set Cynemseres
9
forda. J>a ge mette hine Weohstan ealdorman mid Wil ssetum.

p&v begen ofslagene wseron.


Karolus rex imperator
pe ealdor men. 3 Wils<ete na[mo]n sige.
Romanis
a
factus est, et
qui illos qui
appellatus Augustus
Leonem papam dehonestauerant morte damnauit, sed precibus
Ipse enim papa Leo
papas morte indulta exilio retrusit.

p&v

wser(S

mycel ge

feoht. 3

imperatorem eum sacrauerat.


802.
3

Her

aSeostrade se

mona on dagunge on

xiii-

kl Ianr. 10

Beornmod wees gehalgod to b to Rofeceastre py ilcan


803. Her forSferde Higbald Lindisfarna b on -viii- K
|

f.

geare.
Iulii.

man

gehalgode on his steal Ecgberht on -iii- i&us Iunii. "3 JEftel11


forSferde on Cent."] Wulfred [wses] to arceb gehalgod
arceb
herd

Her Wulfred arceb onfeng pallium.


805. Her CuSred cining fortSferde on Cantwarura. 3 Ceolburh abbe. 3 Heard berht.
12
Eardwulf NorSan806. Her se mona aftistrode on kl Sept.
804.

"3

hymbra

cining wses of his rice adrifen. 3 Eanberht Hagusteald

bs forSferde.
810. Karolus

cum

Niceforo imperatore Constantinopol pacem

fecit.

Her Karl

cining forcSferde. 3 he rixade -xlv* wintra. -3


Wulfred arceb. 3 Wigbriht WsestSsexna b foran to Rome.
Cireneius Karolo imperatori legatos suos cum pace mittit.
812.

Karolus imperator
813.

obiit.

Her Wulfred

arceb mid bletsunge

f>aes

papan Leon hwearf

agenura biscop dome. 3 pj geare ge hergode Ecgberht


on
WestWalas fram easteweardura o"5 westewearde.
cining

eft to his

814.

Her Leo

se se(5ela

him Stephanas feng


10

papa J se halga forSferde. 3

eefter

to rice.

(Tunc temporis extitit Cuthredus rex Cantie.) Inserted here in


the Saxon, not in the Latin of F.

u Wulfred

wear]) gecoren on his

loh. F.
12

Her

sona.

D.

27.

THE PARKER

12

816.

Her Stephana papa

Paschalis

to

papan gehadod

MS.

(35)

forjrferde,

J?y

ilcan

sefW him was


geare forborn

Ongol cyrmes scolur


819. Her Cenwulf Miercna cyning for]?ferde,
feng to rice, 3 Eadbiyht aldormon forJ?ferder
821. Her wear]; Ceolwulf his rices bescieredr
822.

helm

823.

Ceolwulf

Her tuegen aldormen wurdon ofsla3gene, Burg


Muca; 3 seno)? wses set Clofeshoor
Her wses Wala gefeoht 3 Defna set Gaful forda 3
;

Ecbryht cyning 3 Beornwulf cyning


on Ellen dune, 3 Ecgbryht sige nam, 3 J?ser wses micel Wcel
x
ge slsegen pa sende he ^rEj?lwulf his sunu of ]?sere fierde,
3 Ealhstan his bisc, J Wulf heard his aldor mon to Cent
micle werede, 3 hie Baldred )?one cyning norj? ofer Temese
adrifon, 3 Cant ware him tocirdon, j Su)?rige, 3 SuJ? Seaxe,
2
mid un ryhte
3 East Seaxe, J?y hie from his msegum ser
J?y ilcan geare gefeaht

anidde wserun 3
;

f.

12.

]?y

ilcan geare

EastEngla cyning,

gesohte Ecgbryht cyning him

to

fri|?e

3 to

3 seo J?eod
boran for

mund

Miercna ege 3 J?y geare slogon EastEngle Beornwulf


Miercna cyning r

Her Ludecan Miercna cyning


mon ofslog mid him and Wiiglaf feng
825.

827.

Her mona

J?set

be suj?an

Bretwafd'a

aldormen

to ricer

on middes wintres msesse niht

ge eode Ecgbryht cyning Miercna rice 3

j ]?y ilcan geare


al

a)?istrode

j his -v

Humbre
3

wses,

"j

he wses

se eahte]?a

cyning

iErest yElle SuJ? Seaxna cyning se


se]?e
j?us micel rice hsefde, se seftera wses Ceawlin Wesseaxna
cyning, sej?ridda wses ./EJ?elbryht Cantwara cyning, se
wses

Engla cyning, fifta was Eadwine


NorJ?an hymbra cyning, siexta wses Oswald se sefter him
ricsode, seofo]?a wses Oswio Oswaldes bro]?ur eahtoJ?a wses
Ecgbryht Wesseaxna cyning ; 3 se Ecgbryht Ledde herd to
Dore wij? Nor)?an hymbre,
hie him j?ser ea]?medo budon
feor]?a

wses R<edwald East

"j

3 gejrasernesse, j hie

on)?am tohwurfonr

THE LAUD
Her Stephanas papa

815.
chalis

to

papan gehalgod.

4
cynnes scolu

to rice.

him waes Pas-

ilcan geare forbarn


J?y

Angel

cining fortSferde. j Ceolwulf feng

822.
*]

823.

f.

27. b.

Eadberht ealdormaw forSferde.

Her wserS Ceolwulf his rices bescered.


Her twaegen aldormen wurdon ofslagene Burhhelm

821.

Muca.

"j

13

(E)

forcSferde. 3 aefter

Her Cenwulf Myrcena

819.

MS.

sino(S [waes] aet

Her

waes

Clofesho.

Weala

gefeoht.

3 Defena

aet

Gafol forda.

by ilcan geare gefeaht Ecgberht WestSeaxna cining. 3 Beornulf


Myrcena cining set Elian dune, j Ecgberht sige nam. 3 baer waes
mycel wael ge slaegen. pa sende he ^E(5elwulf his sunu of f>sere
ferde. ~\ Ealhstan his b. 3 Wulfheard his ealdorman to Cent
mycele waerede. 3 hi Baldred pone cining norcS ofer Temese
adrifen. 3 Cantwara him to cyrdon. 3 Suc5rig. 3 Suftseaxe. ~]
Eastseaxe. by hi fram his magum aer mid unrihte anydde waeron.
py ilcan geare EastEngla cining. -j seo peod gesohte Ecgbriht
cining him to fri(5e. "J to mundburan for Myrcena ege. "J bi
-]

EastEngle Beornulf Myrcena cining.


825. Her Ludecan 6 Myrcena cining. 3 his -v* ealdormen man
ofsloh mid him. 3 Wiglaf feng to rice.
827. Her se mona aSistrode on middes wintres messaniht.

ilcan geare slogon

by geare ge eode Ecgbriht cining Myrcena


be suSan Humbre waes. 3 he waes se eahto(5a
3

rice.

3 eal

j>

cining se fe
waes.
aarest
waes
Mile
SucSseaxna
Brytenwealda
3
cining se
7
haefde.
waes
Ceawlin West Seaxna cining.
pus mycel
opaer
|

bridde JEbelbriht Cantwara cining.


cining.

Oswald

feorSe Redwald EastEngla


iEdwine Norbanhymbra cining.
sixta waes
aefter him rixade.
seofaSe waes Oswiu Oswaldes

fifta
J>e

Ecgbriht WestSeaxna cining.


3 se
8
Ecgbriht laedde fyrde to Dore wi(S Norbanhumbra. 3 hi him
baer eadmedo budon. 3
pwaernessa. 3 hi mid ban to hvvurfon.

bro]x>r.

eahto(Sa

waes

Ajmlf. B. C.
At this point begins the fragment of MS. A (G.)
3
BretenanBryten walda B.
wealda. C.
Bryten wealda. D.
Bryten weald. F. octauus rex qui
rexit Bryttanniam. F. Lat.
a

The annal 816

is omitted:
with an. 817.
Sys ylcas geares. F.

f.

27. b. begins
5
6

7
8

Ludica. F. Lat.
So D. F.

quod est in aquilonari parte


Humbrae. F. Lat.

f.

28.

THE PARKER

14

MS.

(K)

828. Her eft Wilaf onfeng Miercna rices, 3 iE]?elwald


bisc for]?ferde, 3 ]?y ilcan geare l<edde Ecgbryht cyning
fierd on Nor]? Walas, 3 he hie to
eaJ?modre hersumnesse

gedyder

Her Wulfred sercebisc forJ?ferder


830. Her Ceolno]? wses gtfeoren to bisc
829.

gehadod, 3

Feologid abbud for]?ferder


831. Her CeolnoJ? aercebisc onfeng pallium r
832. Her hee]?ne men oferhergeadon Sceapiger
833.

Her gefeaht Ecgbryht cyning

hlaesta a3t

Carrum.

"}

J?ser

Denescan ahton w<el stowe gewald


tuegen biscepas for]?ferdon, 3 Dudda

3 HereferJ? 3

men

-xxxv 1

scip
wear]? micel Wcel geslaegen, 3 ]?a
wij?

Wig|?en

Osmod tuegen

aldor

for]?ferdonr

Her cuom micel

West Walas 3 hie to


WestSeaxna
gecierdon, 3 wi]? Ecgbryht
cyning
winnende wseron pa he ]?8et hierde, 3 mid fierde ferde, 3
him wij? feaht set Hengest dune, 3 J?aer ge fliemde ge ]?a
835.

sciphere on

anum

Walas ge
836.

afliemed
f.

Deniscanr

-iii*

he cyning

for]?ferde, 3

hine ha3fde

ser

Wesseaxna cyning
gear of 7?ngel cynnes lande on Fronc lond ser
waere, 3 )?y fultumode Beorhtric OfFan ]?y he

Miercna

OfFa

12. b.

J?a

Her Ecgbryht cyning


cyning

haefde his dohtor

him

Beorhtric

to cuene

Ecgbryht ricsode
xxxvii- wint [3] vii- mona]?. "J feng E]?elwulf Ecgbrehting
2
to Wesseaxna rice, 3 he salde his suna ^Ej?elstane Cantwararice 3 East Seaxna *J Su]?rigea 3 SuJ? Seaxnar 3
837. Her Wulfheard aldor man gefeaht set Ham tune
wi]?

nom

xxxiii
j

sciphlsesta,

"j

3 J?y geare forbferde

]?83r

se

micel Wcel geslog, 3 sige

Wulfheard

3 J?y ilcan geare

gefeaht ^E]?elhelm dux wij? Deniscne here on Port mid


Dornssetum, 3 gode hwile J?one here g<?fliemde, 3 ]?a Deniscan
ahton w<fil stowe gewald, 3 }?one aldor mon ofslogonr
838. Her Herebryht 6 aldor mon waes ofslsegen from

h<e]?num

monnum,

7
monige mid him on Mersc warum

THE LAUD
Her Wiglaf

828.
ferde. 3

by

eft

MS.

15

(E)

onfeng Myrcena

rice.

iESelbald

ilcan geare Ecgbriht cining lsedde fyrde

b"

for5-

on NorS

Wealas. 3 he heom ealle to eadmodere hyrsumnesse ge dyde.


829. Her Wulfred serceb forSferde.

Her Ceolnob

830.

wses to d

3 gehadod. 3 Feolagild

gecoren

abbot forSferde.

Her Ceolnod serceb onfeng pallium.


832. Her has'Sene men oferhergodon Sceapege.
10
833. Her Ecgbriht cining gefeaht wiS -xxv
sciphlsesta

831.

set

mycel wsel geslagen. 3 ba Deniscan


weald,
ahton wselstowe ge
3 Herefer<5 "] WigferS -ii d forSferdon. 3 Duda 3 Osmod ii- ealdormen forSferdon.

Carrum. 3

835.

beer wserh(5

Her com micel

ge cyrdon. 3 wi5

sciphere on Wsest Wealas. j hi to anura

pa fyrdode him

wseron.

cining winnende
him
feaht set HenwiS
togeanes. j

Ecgbriht Wsest Seaxna

gestesdune. 3 bser seg(5er aflymde ge ba Wealas ge ba Deniscan.


836. Her Ecgbriht cining forSferde. 3 hine ser hsefde Offa
cining. 3 Byrhtric Wsest Ssexna cining aflymde -iiiof
gear
Angel cynnes lande on Franc land ser he cining
12
wsere.
3 se Ecgbriht rixade xxxvii- winter. 3 -vii* monSas.
his sunu to West Seaxna rice, and iEcSelstan
vEbelwulf
~] feng

Myrcena

f.

28. b.

f.

52.

his oc5er

sunu feng

SucSseaxna
837.

to

Cantwara

rice,

Suftrigan. 3 to

to

rice.

Her Wulf heard ealdorman gefeaht

set

Hamtune wi5

sige nam. 3
ge
by geare forcSferde Wulf heard. 3 JEbelhelm ealdorman ge feaht
wi(5 ba Deniscan on Port mid Dorsaetum. j se ealdorman
xxxiii-

sciphlesta. 3

wsercS ofslsegen. 3

bser

mycel wsel

sloh. 3

ba Deniscan ahton wselstowe ge weald.

F. 829. Her Wulured afb. for&ferde. ("} Felogild abb wearS sefter
him gecoren to ^an arB. stole vii. kt. Magi. 3 he wearS gehalgud
v. Id". Iun. anes
Sunnandages. 3 he wea[rS] dead iii. k Sept.)
1

So

and C.

iE])e3tane. C.

The letters in heavier type are


rubricated in the original. So infra,
851.
*
xxxiiii- C.
5
JEfyehn. B.
6

Ecgbryht. D.

Myrcwarum. D.

arb. F.

9
10

iii-

Kl. Iul.

So

D and

add. F. Lat.

F.

u MS. wuniende and so D.


;

12

sySSan he (com agean i) was


cing xxxvii- wifit. 7 vii- monSas. F.
"j

THE PARKER

on Lindesse,

MS.

(H)

on EastEnglum, 3 on Cantwaruwz wurdon monigtf men of slsegene from ]?am herige r


839. Her wses micel Wcelsliht on Lundenne, J on Cwantilcan geare eft

j?y

awic, 3 on Hrofesceastrer
840. Her zEj?elwulf cyning gefeaht
sciphla3sta, 3 )?a

set

Carrum wib -xxxv

Deniscan ahton wselstowe gewaldr

Her Eanulf aldorman gefeahV mid Sumur ssetura,


Ealch stan bisc j Osric aldorman mid Dora ssetuw gefuh845.

ton

Pedridan mu]?an

set

Wtel geslogon

Her

851.

Defena
j

sige

"j

namon

sige

Denisene here,

~]

J?ser

micel

namonr

Ceorl alder

scire set

wij?

Wicgan
py
"J

gefeaht wij? hse]?ene men mid


beorge, j J?ser micel Wcel geslogon,
ilcan geare ^Ej?elstan cyning, 3

mon

Ealchere dux micelne here ofslogon

set

Sondwic on Cent,

3 luebne men
scipu gefengun, "] ]?a o]?re gefliemdon
serest ofer winter sseton ; 3
py ilcan geare cuom feoYSe'
healf hund scipa on Temese muj?an, 3 br<econ Cont wara

ix.

Lundenburg, 3 gefliemdon Beorhtwulf Miercna


cyning mid his fierde, 3 foron )?a sub ofer Temese on
Su)?rige, 3 him gefeaht wij? yEJ?elwulf cyning 3 JEj?elbald
his sunu set 2Cclea mid West Seaxna fierde, j J?3er
J?^t

burg,

"j

on hcejmuw herige J>e we secgan


hierdon oj? J>isne jweardan daeg, 3 baer sige namonr
853. Her bced' Burgred Miercna cyning
his wiotan
zEbelwulf cyning j?set he 1 him gefultumade J?set him Nor)?
Walas gehiersumade He )?a swa dyde, j mid fierde for
ofer Mierce on
NorJ> Walas, j hie him alle gehiersume

mseste w<el geslogon


v

~]

f-

13-

>fc

dydon

by

ilcan geare

sende ./E)>elwurf cyning yElfred <

pa was do^ne Leo pap# on Rome, 3


he hine to cyninge ge halgode, 3 hiene him to biscep suna
v
na#
Huda
pa' J?y ilcan geare Ealhere mid Cantwarum,
mid Su]?rigiu2 ge fuhton on Tenet wi]? hccjmum herige, 3

his

sunu to Rome,

-\

he. bis.

So

MS.

D.

(i

Lothwi

se casere forS ferde.)

Cantwarabirig.
Cwanta wic. B., altered apparently

F. add.

into

saetan et Dorseton. F. Lat.

Cynta

C.

wic.

ad os Pedredan cum

Sumer-

THE LAUD
839.
2

wic

Her

and on

waes

MS.

(E)

17

on Lundene. 3 on

mycel waelsleht

Cant

Ilofes caestre.

Her

^Edelvvulf cining gefeaht set Carrum wrS -xxxv3


sciphlesta. 3 J>a Deniscan ahton wael stowe ge weald .
8
845. Her Earnulf dux mid Sumorsaeton. 3 Ealchstan b. ~)

840.

Pedredan muban 4 wi5


Denisc[n]e here. 3 bser mycel wael ge slogon, j sige namon.
851. Her Ceorl ealdorman gefeaht witS hetSene men mid
Osric dux mid Dorsaeton ge fuhton

Defene

scire

Wic gean beorge.

set

aet

baer

"3

f-

3 haetSene men on Tenet ofer winter gesaeton.


3
ilcan
3 by
geare com feorbe healf hund scipa on Temesemuban.
7
Cantware burh. "3 ge flymdon Brihtwulf Myrcena
j braecon
mid
his
fyrde. 3 foran ba su(5 ofer Temese on SuSrige.
cining
sige

namon 6

29.

mycel wael ge slogon,

him ge feaht wi5 yE(5elwulf cining. 3 ^ECSelbald his sunu aet


x
Aclea mid WaestSaexna fyrde. 3 baer f' maeste wael ge slogon
on haeSene here pe we aefre ge secgan herdon. -3 bser sige
3

namon.

And by

ilcan geare iEcSelstan cining.

and Ealhere dux 8

ge fuhton on scipum. j mycelne here of slogon


ix-

aet

Sandwic. 3

otSre
pa,

ge flymdon.
scipu gefengon. 3
852. Her on bis tima leot Ceolred abb of Medeshamstede Mt 5cmpg-

3 ba

munecas Wulfrede

f forewearde f
3

Wulfred

hamstede.

to

hande bet land of Sempigaham, to

UBPfjam]

^ land into pe minstre.


Sliowaforda into Medes-

aefter his daei scolde

scolde gifen f land of


he scolde gife ilea gear
"3

into pe minstre sixtiga

wuda. j twaelf fo(5ur graefan. "3 sex focSur gearda. 3 twa


tunnan 10 fulle hlutres alo(5. j twa slaeg naet. 3 sex hund hlafes.
3 ten mittan Waelsces alotS. 3 ilea gear an hors 3 brittiga
fo(5ra

ane naeht ge feormige. Her waes wi(5 se cining


Burhred. 3 Ceolred aerceb. and Tunberht b. 3 Cenred b. j
Alhhun 11 b. 3 Berhtred b. 3 Wihtred abb. 3 Werhtherd abb.
scillinga.

"3

iESelheard ealdorman. Hunberht ealdorman.

"3

feola otSre.

Her Burhred Myrcene cyniwg under Seodde him NortS


Wealas mid iEbelwulfes cininge fultume.
py ilcan geare
Jalhhere mid Cantwarura. 3 Huda mid SuSrigum ge fuhton
852.

"3

5
6
7

wig genamon. MS.

10

viii-

B. C.

tunnnan MS.
u Alhim. MS.

B. C. insert.
F.
~) ferdan upp -j brsecan.
ealderman. B. ealdormann. C.

aerest.

f.

29. b.

THE PARKER

serest

sige

namon,

MS.

wearf?

J?ser

(S)

monigmon

ofslsegen,

~\

adruncen on ge hwce]?ere hond. Ond )?8es ofer Eastron geaf


zE]?elwulf cyning his dohtor Burgrede cyning^ of Wes-

seaxum on Mercer
855.

Her

men

hcejme

a3rest

on Seeapige

ofer winter

ssetun

;
3 J?y ilcan geare gebocude zEj?elwulf cyning teo)?an
dcel his londes ofer al his rice
Go[de] to lofe, 3 him selfuw

to ecere hcelo

3 J?y ilcan geare ferde to

Rome mid

micelre

was -xii- mona]? wuniende, j J?a him ham


j?aer
weard for, 3 him J?a Carl Francna cyning his dohtor geaf
him to cuene, 3 sefter bam to his leoduw cuom, 3 hie J?8es
*
ge fsegene wa3run. 3 j?nh 'ii* gear J?ses "Se he on Francum
com he gefor. 3 his lie li)? a3t Wintan ceastre, j he ricsode
weorjmesse, 3

nigonteoJ?e healfgear
v

Ond

se zE]?elwulf wses

Ecgbreht-

/3

g
Ecgbryht Ealhmunding, Ealhmund Eating, Eafa
Eopping, Eoppa Ingilding
Ingild wa?s Ines brojmr West
in

Seaxna cyninges, J?ses )?e eft ferde to See Petre 3 pser eft
his feorh ge sealde
hie wa3ron Cenredes suna, Cenred wa?s
Ceolwalding, Ceolwald Cu]?aing, Cu]?a CuJ?wining, Cu)?Vine' Ceaulining, Ceawlin Cynricing, Cynric Cerdicing 4
Cerdic Elesing, Elesa Esling, Esla Giwising, Giwis Wiging,
Wig Freawining, Freawine FriJ?ogaring, FriJ?ogar Brond;

"j

ing,

Brond

walding,

Bceldaeging, B<elda3g

FriJ?uwald
6

Wodening, Woden

FriJ>o-

5
Freawining, Frealaf Fri)?uwulfing,
Fin Godwulfing, Godwulf Geating,

Frijmwulf Finning
Geat Ttctwaing, Tetwa Beawing, Beaw Sceldwaing, Sceldwea Heremoding, Heremod Itermoning, Itermon HraJ?raing,
se waes geboren in J?sere earce
Noe, Lamach, Matusalem,
Enoh, Iaered, Maleel, Camon, Enos, Sed, 2?dam. primes
homo et paW hr est Xps, TTmenr
Ond ]?a feng'on' yE]?elwulfes suna tweg^n to rice, zEj?elbald to Wesseaxna rice, j ^E)?elbryht to Cant wara rice, ^j
,

to East

Seaxna

rice 7 , 3 to SuJ?rigea, 3 to SuJ?

3 J?a ricsode -zEJ?elbald v

860.

Her

^E.]?elbald

Seaxna rice

gearr

cyng

bis lie
for)?ferde, 3

lij?

aet

Scira

burnan, j feng ^EJ?elbryht to allu^ )?am rice his brojnir, j

THE LAUD
on Tenet witS hee'oene here,

MS.

10

(E)

wseron feala ofsla3gene. 3


Burhadruncen on segftre hand. } pa ealdormen bege daede 8
"j
red Myrcene cining feng to ^EtSelwulfes dohtor WestSeaxna
"j

f>aer

cininges.

Her

men

on Sceapege ofer winter saeton.


3 py ilcan geare gebocade JElSelwuU cining teoftan dael his
landes ofer eal his rice Gode to lofe. 3 him selfum ecre haele.
855.

And by

hae^ene

aerest

ilcan geare ferde to

Rome mid mycclum wurSscipe. 3

baer

wunade xii- monatS. 3 he feng to Karles dohter Francna cining


9
pa he hamweard waes 3 gesund ham com. 3 >aes ymbe iigear forSferde. 3 his lie li$ on Wintan ceastre. "j he rixade
ix gear.
He waes Ecgbrihting. 3 pa fengon his ii sunu
to rice. iEftelbald to West Seaxna rice, and to SutSrigean.
3
.

he rixade
860.

Her

gear

10
.

./Eoelbald cining forSferde. j his lie

li(5

aet

Scire-

burnan. 3 feng iESelbriht to eallum J?am rice his brotSor. j on


his daege com mycel sciphere up. 3 abraecon Wintanceastre.
3 wi(5 bxme here fuhton Osric ealdorman mid Hamtune scire.
iEftelwulf ealdorman mid Barrucscire, 3 pone here ge
~]
B. and C. 855.

(A )

Itermon Ha^raing. Habra Hwalaing.

Hwala Bedwiging. Bedwig u


geboren on

baere earce

Noes

Sceafing. id est filius Noe, se waes


12
Iared.

Lamech. Matusalem. Enoh

Adam primus homo,

Malalehel. Camon. Enos. Seth.

et pater noster

id est Xps.

(Alfred his briddan sune he haefde


ba
se
Leo
"J
papa
ge hyrde seggan f he was forS]3
ba
^e'
Alured
bletsode
to
faren,
cinge. T heold hine to b. handa
his
swa
A^ewulf
feeder
eal
hine ^yder sende ~] baed.)
F. 855.

gesend to

(7T)

to SirSsextm.

Rome.

of.

B. C, and
nmg.
7

B. C.

So B. C. D. xx- geara. F.
Here D. interrupts the pedigree

practically D.
C. omits Essex.
begen deade. B. C. begen of-

to give the succession of iE)>elwulfs


sons, which it afterwards repeats in
a more correct form at the end of

sleagon. D.
9 N
seo was gehaten Ieothete'. F.

the annal.
E. follows in the main
the earlier incorrect version of D.
4
Cynric Creoding. Creoda Cerdicing. B. C. and practically D.

twice,

5
6

MS. Freawine. W.
Woden Frealafing. Frealaf FinSic

10

In E. the annal 856

is

given

u
Beowung. Beowi. D.
u Enoc. B.
13
benedixit et unxit eum in
gem, et eum ad confirmandum
nuit. F. Lat.

C 3

rete-

f.

53.

THE PARKER

20

f.

13. b.

MS.

(R)

he hit heold on godre ge Jmsernesse j on micelre sibsumv


micel sciphere up 3 abrcecon
nesse 1
3 on his da?ge cuom
Wintanceastre/ *} wi]? )?one here gefuhton Osric aldor man
mid Ham tun scire, 3 zEJ?elwulf aldormon mid Bearruc
;

scire, 3 ]?one

here ge fliemdon, 3 Wcel stowe gewald ahton

se zE]?elbryht ricsode

-v-

gear, 3

his lie

lij?

a3t

Scire

burnanr

Her

on Tenet, j genamon fri]? wij?


Cantwarum, 3 Cant ware him feoh geheton wij? pam fri]?e,
3 under pam frij?e J pam feoh ge hate se here hiene on niht
up bestcel, j oferhergeade alle Cent eastewearde
865.

hce);en here

sset

Her feng
seaxna rice
3 py

brojmr to Wesilean geare cuom micel here on ^ngel


cynnes lond, j wint^-setl namon on EastEnglum, 3 J?3er
gehorsude wurdon, 3 hie him fri]? [wi]?] namon r
866.

./Ej?ered JEj?elbiyhtes

867.

Her

for

here

se

of

EastEnglu^

ofer

mu]?an to Eofor wic ceastre on NorJ>hymbre, 3


ge

Humbre
]?8er

waes

micel un J>usernes J?aere J?eode betweo


him selfu^, 3 hie
hsefdun hiera cyning aworpenne Osbryht, 3 ungecyndne
3 hie late on geare to pam
cyning underfengon ./Elian
gecirdon J?a3t hie wib J?one here winnende waerun, 3 hie
;

J?eah micle fierd gegadrodon, 3 )?one here sohton set


Eoforwic ceastre, 3 on J>a ceastre brcecon, 3 hie sume inne
wurdon, j J?9er was ungemetlic w<el geslaegen NorJ?an hymbra, sume binnan, sume butan
3 ]?a cyningas begen
;

ofslsegene, 3 sio laf wij? )?one here fri]? nam ; 3 py ilean


geare gefor Ealchstan bisc, 3 he hsefde bget bisc rice 1 wint
set

Scire burnan, j his

868.

Her

lie lib

for se ilea here

on tuner

J?aer

innan Mierce to Snotengaha^,

3 pssv winter setl namon


3 Burgr<ed Miercna cyning j
his wiotan bcedon
West
Seaxna cyning j ^Elfred
jEJ?ered
;

his brojmr

hie

J?aet

here gefuhton

innan Mierce

oj?

him gefultumadon, )?set hie wij? J?one


pa ferdon hie mid Wesseaxna fierde

Snotenga ham,

3 J?one here

J?2er

metton on

THE LAUD

MS.

21

(E)

flymdon. 3 waelstowe geweald ahton. 3 se -iJESelbriht rixade


v* gear,
j his lie li5 .set Scirburnan.

865 2 Her east se has'Sene here on Tenet, 3 genam friS wiS


Cantwarum. -j Cantware heom feoh beheton wit) Sam friSe.
3 on bam feoh be hate se here hine on niht up be steel. "]
ofer hergode ealle Cent eastewarde.
866. Her feng JESe l'red iESelbrihtes broSor to WestSeaxna
rice.
And by ilcan geare com mycel hae'Sen 3 here on Angel
.

f-

3-

f.

3. h.

f.

53- b.

cynnes land. 3 winter setle namon aet EastEnglum. 3 baer


ge horsade wurdon. 3 hi heom wi(S friS ge namon.
867. Her for se here of EastEnglum ofer Humbre muSan.
to Eoferwicceastre

Swaernesse

tSere

on NorSan hymbre. 3 baer waes mycel un

beode

betwux heom

sylfum.

hi

haefdon

aworpene Osbriht. 3 unge cynde cining under


hi late on geare to bam gecyrdon. f hi
witS bone here winnende waeron. j hi tSeah mycele fyrd ge
4
gadorodan. 3 bone here sohton aet Eoferwicceastre
3 ba
ceastre braecon. 3 hi sume inne wurdon. "j baer waes ungemet
heora

cining

fengon yEllan. j

Norftanhymbra, sume binnan, sume butan. 3


ba ciningas baegen ofslaegene. *] seo lafe wi(5 bone here frytS
nam. 3 by ilcan geare ge for Ealhstan b\ 3 he haefde f
wael

geslaegen

5
biscoprice aet Scireburnan winter. 3 his lie li(5 baer on tune
868. Her for se ilea here innan Myrce to Snotingham 3 baer
.

winter setle namon. and Burhcred Myrcena cining and his witan
baedon iEcSeTred WestSeaxna cining j Alfred his brotfor bet

him

fultumedon. bget hi wi(5 bone here ge fuhton. 3 ba


faerdon hi mid WaestSaexa fyrde in on Myrcene ob Snotingahi

Her

SwiSun

d. 3 ^=Selbald cing. 3 he li
to
on Scirburnan. 3 iE^elberht feng
eallan ^an rice his broker;
on his daege com mycel sciphere "J abrsecan Wintanceastre 3
"J
wrS ^one here fuhtan Hawtunscir "J Bearrucscir, ] ^one here
geflymdon. 3 ^es iE'Selbyrht rixode -v. gear. 3 his lie lift at Scir-

F. 861.

forSferde

S.

burncm
1

6
.

B. and C. omit "j on . . . sibsumD as E.


fol. 30 begins with 861.
So B. C. D.

nesse.
2

3
*

on Eoforwic. B. C.

he Sar resteS. F. ubi requiF. Lat.


6
F. Lat. has also this double
entry of ^ESelbald's burial.
t

escit.

THE PARKER

22

J;am ge weorce, 3

Mierce

nan

(K)

hefelic

gefeoht

ne wear]?, 3

namon

frij?

Her

869.

J>aer

MS.

wij; J>one here ;


for se here eft to Eoforwicceastre, 3 fser sset

i-

gearr

Her rad

870.

winter

se here

namon.

setl

set

ofer

Mierce innan EastEngle j

peodforda, 3

wintre

J;y

Eadmund

cyning him wij; feaht, 3 j;a Deniscan sige namon, j J?one


cyning ofslogon, ^ J;set lond all ge eodon 3 J?y geare gefor
;

Ceolno]? 89rce bisc

Vl

iE))ered Wiltunscire biscop wear]) gecoren to

aercebiscpe to Cantuare beri.

Her cuom

871.

ymb

j?ses

Readingum on West Seaxe, 3


niht ridon -ii* eorlas up
pa gemette hie

'iii*

se here to

zEJ?elwulf aldorman on Engla felda, j him J;ser wij; gefeaht


2
"j
sige nam
pses ymb -iiii- niht JEbered cyning 3 zElfred
;

micle fierd to Readingum gel<ddon, j wij;


H- J>one here ge fuhton, j J?aer wses micel w<el geslaegen on
gehwcej;re hond, 3 xEbelwulf aldormon wear]? ofslsegen, 3
Deniscan ahton wsel stowe gewald 3 J;aes ymb -iiii- niht
J;a
his brojmr

f-

J;aer
|

cyning j zElfred his brojmr wij; alne J>one


+
here on iEsces dune, ] hie waerun on twsem gefylcuw, on

J< gefeaht xEJ;ered

3 Halfdene J;a hcejman cyningas, 3


on 6\>Tum wseron J>a eorlas 3 J;a gefeaht se cyning JEJ?ered
se cyning
wij; J>ara cyninga getruman,
J?aer wear);
3
3 ^Elfred his brojmr wij; J>ara eorla
Bagsecg ofslsegen
getruman, 3 J>aer wear}; Sidroc eorl ofslaegen se alda, 3
N
Sidroc eorl' se gioncga, 3 Osbearn eorl, 3 Frsena eorl, 3
Hareld eorl, j J;a hergas begen gefliemde, j fela Jmsenda

oJ>rum wses Bachsecg

*j

onfeohtende wseron

ofslsegenra,

oj;

niht.

J?aes

ymb

niht gefeahV zEj;ered cyning 3 ^Elfred his broftur


wij; J>one here set Basengum, 3 J?ser |?a Deniscan sige
xiiii-

namon

to

2
"j

j>ses

Rome, add D.
Jraer wear

heora

nama

tically C.
3

ymb

ii

monaj; gefeaht JEJ;ered cyning 3


brojmr wij; };one here set Mere tune, 3 hie

j;ses

xElfred his

oJ)er ofslegen.

wses Sidroc. B.,

and prac-

and D.

Bagsceg. B.

Bagsecg.

CD.

So C. D., and practically B. F.


C. D.

besaeton.
5

a Danissecuritatem acceperunt.
F. Lat.
6
"j

one cing (See Eadmund)

of-

THE LAUD
ham.

metton

f>one here

-j

besetton

namon

bone here

Her
Her

869.
870.

on J>am geweorce. 3 hine inne


gefeaht ne wearS. 3 Myrce friS

5
.

for sehere eft to

for

here

se

winter setle naman

23

(E)

J>3er

j faer nan hefilic

witS

MS,

Eoferwic ceastre.

ofer

*j

fser sset

an gear.

innon EastiEngle. 3

Myrce

Deodforda. j on Jam geare see ^Edmund


him
wi(S
cining
gefeaht. 3 J>a Deniscan sige naman. 3 )?one
6
cining ofslogon
j *f land eall geeodon. j fordiden ealle >a
set

mynstre J?a hi to comen. on

ilean

Ipa,

tima

comon

J?a

hi to

Medeshamstede, beorndon 3 brsecon. slogon abbot J munecas.


3 eall ]> hi J^ser fundon. macedon hit )?a ^ aer waes ful rice.
hit wearcS to nan jring. "j
for CeolnoJ? arcebiscop.
J?y geare ge

J)a

Her rad

se here to Readingufft on Westseaxe. 3 pes


niht
ridon
ymb
twegen eorlas up. J?a gemette iESelwulf
ealdorman hie on Englafelda. 3 heom j^aer wicS gefeaht 3
sige nam. 3 wearcS )?aer se of>er ofslaegen. Joes nama waes

871.

iii-

Da ymb

Sidrac.

broSor

niht

-iiii-

mycle fyrd to

J>a3r

^EtSelred

cining.

zElfred

Kaedingum gelaeddon. 3 wiS

his
J>one

here gefuhton. 3 J^ser waas mycel wael geslaegen on gehwac5ere


hand. 3 ^EcSelwulf ealdorman wearcS ofslaegen. 3 J>a Deniscan

ahton wselstowe ge weald. And ymb -iiii- niht


red cining. 3 iElfred his brocSor wi5 ealne
iEsces dune 7 3 hi waeron on twam ge fylcum.
Basecg 3 Halfdene Sa haeSene ciningas. 3 on
.

J>a eorlas. 3

feaht se cining iEcSered

J>a

gefeaht JElSehere on

(Sone

on oSrum wes
o(5rum waeron

wiS Sara cininga ge

truman. 3 f>aar wearS se cining Bagsecg of slaegen. 3 iElfred


his broSor wiS ]mra eorla ge truman, 3 })aer wearcS Sidrac eorl
of slaegen se ealda. 3 Sidrac se geonga, 3 Osbearn eorl. 3
Fraena

eorl.

Harold

eorl. 3 J?a

feala

hergas begen ge flymde. 3


onfeohtende
waeron otS niht. 3
J?usenda ofslagenra. 3

Daes

ymb

xiiii*

wi$

brocSor

niht

J?one here

gefeaht iEcSered cining. 3 ^Elfred his


8
Basingum 3 J>ar f>a Deniscan sige

aet

ge namon.

3 ]?aes ymb twaegen moncSas gefeaht ^Ecfered 3


iElfred his broSor witS J>one here aet Maeredune. 3 hi waeron
slogan. i

land eall geeodon.

(j?ara

heauod manna naman }>a "Sane cing


ofsloganwseranlngware } Vbba.) F.
7
iEscesdune. ^ Sa Deniscan
waeron ouercumew.
hi hseddan ii
-

~)

cingas haeftene Baegsaec t Healfdene.


eorlas fela. F.
Halden. F. Lat.

"j

ad Basingas. Sed peccatis exigentibus Dani campum ceperunt.


F. Lat.

j,

THE PARKER

24

MS.

(X)

wserun on tusem gefylcium, 3 hie butu gefliemdon, 3 longe


on dseg sige ahton, 3 bser wear)? micel Wcel sliht on gehwceDeniscan ahton Wcel stowe gewald 3 J?8er
]?ere hond, 3 J?a
;

Heahmund

bisc ofslaegen, 3 fela godra monna ; 3


wear]?
ofer
aefter Ipissum gefeohte cuom micel sumor lida ; 3
J?3es
Eastron gefor ^E]?ered cyning, *y he ricsode v gear, 3 his
lie

$<

li)?

33 1

Winburnanr

yElfred yEJ?elwulfing his bro]?ur to Wesseaxna


rice
3 ]?93S ymb anne monaj? gefeaht ^Elfred cyning wi|?
alne )?one here lytle werede set Wiltune, 3 hine longe on

pa feng
;

Deniscan ahton Wcel stowe gewald


3
wurdon
-vim*
geares
folcgefeoht
gefohten
J?8bs
wij? J?one
here on ]?y cynerice be su]?an Temese, 3 1 butan J?a?# J?e him
dseg geflie^de, 3

]?a

./Elfred J?aes cyninges broJ?ur, 3 anlipig aldormon, 3 cyninges


na ne ri^de, 3 J?aes geares
]?egnas oft rade onridon j?e

mon

wserun ofslsegene viiii- eorlas "} an cyning


namon West Seaxe frib wi|? J?one herer
872.
~]

J?ser

Her

for se here to

winter setl nam,

*j

3 J?y geare

Lunden byrig from Readingum,


namon Mierce frij? wi]? J?one
]?a

herer
873.

Her

for sehere

on Lindess
wi]? J?one herer
setl

Her

aet

on NorJ?hymbre,

Tureces iege, 3

J?a

he nam winter

namon Mierce

frij?

sehere from Lindesse to Hreopedune, 3


winter setl nam, 3 pone cyning Burgrced ofer s<e
J?ser
adrsefdon ymb -xxii* wint bses J?e he rice hsefde, "j J?set lond
874.

f.

14. b.

all
li)?

for

2
3 he for to Rome 3 J?ser ge sset
3 his
ge eodon
on Sea Marian ciricean on Sngelcynnes scole
}
;

lie

|?y

ilean geare hie sealdon anum unwisum cyninges J?egne


Miercna rice to haldanne, 3 he him aj?as swor j gislas
salde, |?set he him gearo waere swa hwelce dsege swa hie hit

habban wolden, 3 he gearo waere mid him selfum,


allum J?am J?e him la3stan woldon. to baes heres J?earfer

on

875. Her for sehere fro^ Hreopedune, 3 Healfdene for


mid sumu^ \am here on Nor]? hymbre. j nam winter setl

THE LAUD

MS.

25

(E)

on twam gefylcum. j hi butu geflymdon. 3 lange on daeg


sige ahton. 3 jmr wearS mycel wael sliht on hwaecSre hand. ~\
Daeniscan ahton wealstowe ge weald. 3 J>aer [wearS] HaehJ?a

mund

ofslagen

biscop

feala

godra manna. 3

aefter

bisura

gefeohte com mycel sumerlida to Readingura


3 J?aes aefter
Eastron ge for ^EtSered cining. 3 he rixade gear, j his lie
.

li5 set

Winburnanmynster

4
.

Da

feng iElfred iEcSelwulfing his broker \o West Seaxna Alfrede.


-i monaS
ge feaht iElfred cining wi(S ealne
]?aes ymb
J)one here litle werede aet Wi[l]tune. j hine lange on daeg
geflymde. 3 pa, Deniscan ahton waelstowe ge weald. 3 pes
rice,

"i

5
geares wurdon -ix- folc gefeoht gefohten wicS Ipone here on J?am
cine rice besucSan Temese. butan f>am pe hi[m] Alfred pes cinges
broker. *] ealdormen. j ciningas J?aegnas oft rada 6 on riden

man nane.rimde,

pe

J>aes

geares waeron ofslagene

'ix*

eorlas.

j an cyning. ~] pj geare namon West Seaxa fricS wiS Ipone here.


872. Her for sehere to Lundenjbyrig fram Redingum. 3

nam

peer

winter setle. 3 pa, naman Myrce friS witS J?one here.


Her nam sehere winter setle. aet Turcesige 7
Her for sehere of Lindesse to Hreopedune 8
J?aer

873.

874.

"J

winter setle nam. 3 ]?one cining Burgred ofersae adrefdon ymb


xxii- wintra
pses pe he rice haefde. 3 ]?et land eall geeodan.
for
he
to
Rome
j J>aer saet. 3 his lie liS on sea Marian cyrican
3

on Angel cynnes

anum unwisum

scole.

9
^ pj ilean geare hi sealdon Ceolwulfe

cynges ]?egne

rice

Myrcena

he him

to

healdenne. 3
georo waere

acSas swor j gislas sealde. J?et hit him


swa hwilce 10 daege swa hi hit habban woldon. } he geare waere
mid him sylfum. 3 mid eallum pam pe him gelaestan wolden

to

J?aes

875.

mid
1

heres paerfe.

Her

for

sumum
W.

pam. here

Sic

7.

J)ar

wunode

sehere fram

Hreopedune. j Healfdene for


on NorSan hymbre. 3 nam winter

(wrongly).
ealto his lifes ende.

contra Danos. F. Lat.


6
radan. D.
7

F.
3

ster.
5

So B. C. D.
So B. D. set Scireburnan menC.

nouies bellatum

sit

apertis bellis

So D.

Turkes ege. B.

Tures-

igge. C.
8

Hreopen dune. D.

So B. C. D.

10

SoD.

B. has swylce,C. swilce.

f.

31. b.

THE PARKER

26
be Tinan

J?sere

on Peohtas,

ea 1 3 sehere

(K)

lond geeode. j oft 2 hergade

J?set

MS.

on Strcecled Walas

j for

Godrum

Oscytel

Grante
Hreopedune
2Cnwynd. J?a
sseton peer an gear
j j?y sumera
brycge mid micle here,
for yElfred cyning ut on s<e mid seiphere, j gefeaht wif>
vii* scip h'la3stas, j hiera an gefeng.
J?a o]?ru gefliemder
cyningas, of

-in-

to

"J

-\

Her hiene

876.

fierde, j wij? J>one

Werham Wesseaxna

sehere into

bestcel

here se cyning fri]?nam, 3

sworon on fam halgan beage,

J?e

hie

a?r

nanre

him

afas

)?a

J?eode noldon,

under J?am hie


nihtes best<elon j?3ere fierde segehorsoda here into Escan
ceaster
j J?y geare Healfdene Norman hymbra lond ge
3
wseron j hiera tilgender
decide, j ergende
hie hrcedlice of his rice foren

J?aet

j hie ]?a

Her cuom

Escan ceastre horn Werha^,


se seiphere sigelede west ymb utan, j J?a mette hie micel
}
yst on Stfi, 3 J?aer forwearj? cxx scipa a3t Swanawic
877.

se here into

~)

se cyning zElfred sefter J?am gehorsudan here mid fierde


rad o)> Exan ceaster, "j hie hindan ofridan ne meahte ser hie

on fam

him

fsestene waeron,

J?a3r

micle

him mon

J?aer

fore gislas saldon.

swa

fela

meahte
J hie
swa he habban wolde, j
heoldon
j ]?a on hgerto ne

sworon, 3 ]>a godne frij?


gefor sehere on Miercna lond, j hit gedceldon sum,
1 sum Ceolwulfe saldon r
878. Her hiene best<el sehere on midne winter ofer
aj?as

faeste

tuel[f]tan niht to

Cippanhamme,

fb lond 3 gesa3ton micel

J?ses

geridon Wesseaxna

folces j ofer See adrsefdon, 3

]?a3s

hie geridon, 3 him to gecirdon 4


o)?res
buton J?am cyninge ^Elfrede. 3 he lytle werede uniej>elice
5
setter wuduw, for, 3 on mor faastenum
j bses ilean wintra
]?one msestan

dcel

f.

f.

15.

54. b.

wses Inwseres
|

F. 876.

rixade
1

2
3

broJ?ur j Healfdenes on West SeaxuM on

Her Rodla ^urhferde Normandi mid

fifti

his here.

"}

he

~p

folc

wintra.

This has been read also ex.


The scribe originally wrote
B.
~> hie sy])))an ergende.

eft.

So B., ...

to gebigde. C.
wintres. B. C.

hym
5

geridon, *j
as E.
;

THE LAUD
be Tinan

setle

ea.

fsere

gehergode on Pehtas. 3
Oscytel.

Anwend.

3 se

MS.

here

27

(E)
pet

land geeode. 3

on StrsetlaedWealas. 3
ciningas

>ry

J?a

of

for

oft

Godrum.

Hreopedune

to

Grantan bryqge. myd mycclum here. 3 sseton f>8er an gear. 3 J>y


sumera for Alfred cyning ut on sse mid sciphere. "j gefeaht wi5
scip hlesta. 3 heora an ge feng. 3 f>a oSre ge flymde.

vii

Her hine be

876.
fyrde.

sealdon

gislas

pe

him

on

J?am

]?a acSas

Wasrham WestSeaxna
cyning fritS nam. 3 him ]?a

sehere into

wi(5 ]?one here se

si(5(San

~)

stsel

here weor]?uste waeron to

]?am

sworon on J)am halgan beage 7 pe hi

cyninge 3
nanre J?eode don noldon pet hi hredlice of his rice foron 8
.

ser

j hi J?a under >am hi nihtes bestselon J>sere fyrde se gehorsade


here into Exanceastre. 3 pj genre Healfdene NorcSanhymbra
1

land gedselde. 3 hergende weron. 3 heora tiligende waeron.


Hollo cum suis Normaniam penetrauit et regnauit annis -liii.
877. Her com se here to Exanceastre fram Werham. 3 se
9

sciphere seglode west ymbutan. 3 pa gemette hi mycel yst


on see. "j f>ear forwearS cxx scipa set Swanawic. 3 se cing
iElfred setter >am gehorsedum here mid fyrde rad otS Exan
ceastre. 3 hi

hindan of ridan ne mihte

waeron paer him

man

sealdon swa feala swa he habban wolde


3

}?a

godne

Her hine

878.
to

on }?am feastene

him

j?ar fore gislas

10

3 mycele aSas sworon.


u on
on
herfeste
ge for se here
f>a
gedseldon sum. and sum Ceolwulfe sealdon.
.

heoldan. 3

land. 3 hit

Myrcena
niht

fri(5

aer hi

to [ne] mihte. J hi

bestael sehere

Cippanharame.

on midne winter ofer twelftan

ge ridan WestSeaxna

land 3

ge

mycel paes folces ofer sae adraefdon. 3 J>aes o(5res J?one


dsel hi
geridon butan pa,m cynge iElfrede litle

setton. j

maestan

unyftelice aefter wudum for. 3 on morfestenum.


3
12
brotSor 3 Healfdenes 13 on West
ilcan wintra wees Iweres

werede
pes,

6
him
cyninge. So B. C. D.,
and practically F.
7
iusiurandum super sacrum armillum fecerunt. F. Lat.
.

"}

8
.

faran

~)

hi nihtes

-p

to brae-

can. F.
9

10

myst.

CD.

Quos iterum sequenti anno


sequitur rex usque Exoniam,

in-

et

iterum sacramenta magna et obsides


plures prioribus accepit

et

non post

multum temporis a regno eius, uidelicet Occidentalium Saxonum discedunt. F. Lat. to which there
no corresponding Saxon.
;

is

n seo heora. MS.


M So D. Inweres. C.
Ingwaeres. B.
13

Heafdenes. C.

Healdsenes. D.

f.

32.

THE PARKER

28

Defena scire mid

xxiii-

monna mid him.

j dccc*

Eastron wo*fite

MS.

(25)

scipum, 3 hiene

xh monna

mon

his heres

ofslog,

]?ser

on

f>aes

cyning lytle werede geweorc set


^E}?elinga elgge, 3 of ]?am ge weorce was winnende wi j?
./Elfred

Sumur saetna

J?one here, 3

se dcel se J?aer niehst wees

pa

on

|?a3re seofo^an wiecan ofer Eastron he gerad to Ecgmon


bryhtes stane be eastan Seal wyda, "j him to com J?3er

Wilssetan, 3 Hamtunscir se dcel


se hiere behinon See was, 3 his gefsegene wserun
3 he for
ymb aneniht of J?am wicum to Iglea, 3 J?a3s ymb ane to

ongen Sumorssete

alle, j

E]?andune, 3
gefliemde, }

niht
hie

ge feaht

J?8er

him

seft6T

rad

wij?

alne )?one here, 3 hiene

geweorc, 3 J?3er
fore gislas 3 micle

oj? j?8et

j }?a salde se here him


of his rice uuoldon, 3 him
;

eac

kyning falwihte onfon wolde, 3 hie


J?ses

ymb

-in-

wiecan com

se

geheton

J?set

cyning to

saet -xiiii*
a]?as, J?8et

J?aet

hiera

gelseston swa

him Godrum

J?ritiga

monna

sum

in J?am here weorjmste wseron a3t JVlre,


J>ara
J?e
is
j J?8et
3 his se cyning J?ger onfeng
wij? ^Efelingga eige
set fulwihte, 3 his crism
lising was set We]?mor, 3 he was
;

xii-

niht mid J?am cyninge?, j he hine miclum 3 his geferan

mid

feo

weorSuder

Cippan hamme.
3 sset J?aer an gear
3 J?y geare gegadrode on hlo]? wicenga,
ilcan geare
3 gesset a3t Eullan hamme be Temese
)>y
a]?iestrode sio sunne ane tid daegesr
880. Her for sehere of Cirenceastre on 1 East Engle, 3
879.

Her

for se here to Cirenceastre of


;

"j

j j?y ilcan geare for sehere


gesset J?set lond, j gedcelde.
ofer See J?e ser on Eullan homme saet on Fronc lond to Gend,
3 saet

J?aer

881.

him

an gearr

Her

for sehere ufor


v

wi}? gefuhton, j

]>

aer

J?a'

on Eronclond,

j J?a Erarjcan

aefter
wearj> se here gehorsod

J>am gefeohter

882.

Her

for

2
sehere up on long Maese feor on Fronc-

an gear,
cyning mid scipum ut on

lond,

J?ser

sa3t

j
sae.

J?y
"j

ilcan

geare

for ./Elfred

gefeaht wij? feower scip

THE LAUD

MS.

29

(E)

hine mon j^ser sloh. 3 dccc manna


Sexum on Defenan scire.
mid him. 3 xl- manna his heres. 3 )>ar wses se guftfana ge
numen pe hi rsefen heton 3 3 pass on Eastron wrohte
~)

lytle werede geweorc set iEftelinga ige. 3 of


Jmm ge weorce wses winnende wiS bone here. } Sumer ssetena
se del be bser nehst wses. ]?a on "Sere seofeSan wucan ofer

iElfred cyning

Eastron he gerad

him comon

J>ser

Hamtunscyr

se

ongean Sumorssete
dsel

pe

ealle.

beheonan

hire

sae

Wealwudu 4

"]

Willssete.

wses.

his

3
3

ge

ane niht of J>am wicum to JEglea.


ane niht to EtSandune. j J>ser gefeaht wi<S ealne

fsegene wseron.

3 Ipses ymb
here ~j hine

to Ecgbrihtes stane be easton

he for

~\

ymb

geflymde. j him

ba sealde

sset xiiii* niht. 3


f>ser

sefter

rad

se here

ocS

him

bet

gislas.

geweorc. 3

and mycele

of his rice woldon. j him eac ge heton bet heora


cyng fulwihte onfon wolde. 3 hi f gelseston. 3 )>ses ymb

a<5as. }>et hi

J>rittigum sum. bara manna


here weorSuste wseron set Aire. 3 f is wit) ^EcSelinga

wucan com

iii-

bam

pe in
ige.

his se

~]

wses
hine

cyng onfeng

Wedmor

set

mycclum

879.

se cyn[g]

Her

"j

for

Godrum.

bser set fulwihte. 3 his crism lysing

3 he wes
his ge feran

sehere to

niht

xii-

mid

mid }mm cynge.

3 he

feo weorcSode.

Cirenceastre

of

Cippanhamme. 3
hlocS wicinga,
an
py geare gegaderodon
3 pj ilcan geare
j ge sset set Fullanhamme be Temese.
abystrode seo sunne antid dgeges.
880. Her for se here of Cirenceastre on EastEngle. "j gesset
land 3 ge dselde. 3 by ilcan geare for se here 6 ofer sse pe on
j)
Fullanhamme sset on Frangland to Gent. "j sset J^ser an gear.
sset J>ser

881.

him

an winter,

Her

for

here

se

witS gefuhton. 3 J?ser

ufor on Frangland. } pa. Francan


wartS se here horsad sefter J>am
pa,

ge feohte.
882. Here for se here
j

J>ser

sset

an gear.

scipum ut on

So B. C. D.
ufor. B. D.

sas.

up andlang Msese ofor on Frangland


3 pj ilcan geare for iElfred cyng mid

ge feaht

hraefn.

Sealwudu. D,

-iiii-

scip hlsestas

Selewuda. B.
5
So C. D.

ufur. C.

witS

mor W.

B. C. D.

-wuda. C.

W.

Piratse. F.

Deiiiscra

Weddmor. B. Wet-

f.

32. b.

30

THE PARKER

hlsestas Deniscra

monna,

wseron

ofslsegene

(R)

j J?ara scipa tu

on

"Ster

J?e

MS.

genam,

wseron,

~)

3 J>a

men

tuegen scip

him onhond eodon 2 3 J?a waeron miclum forforwundode ser hie onhond eodon r
slsegene
883. Her for sehere up on Scald to Cundo]?, j j?3er sset
hlsestas

~)

an gear r
884.
sset

Her

up on Sunnan

for se here

to

Embenum,

3 ]>aer

an gearr

885.

Her

tod<elde seforesprecena here ontu, o]?er dcel

east. o]?er dtel to

Hrofes ceastre

ymb sa3ton $a

worhton oJ?er faesten ymb hie selfe. j hie


v
aweredon oJ?J?set yElfred com utan' mid
sehere

wurdon

ceastre, 3

]?eah J?a ceastre


fierde ; J?a eode

hiera

to

scipum, "j forlet ]?8et geweorc. 3 hie


behorsude. 3 sona J?y ilcan sum ere ofer s<#

J?aer

3 \j ilcan geare sende zElfred cyning sciphere


gewiton
on East Engle sona swa hie comon on Stufe muj?an 3 J?a
;

metton hie

xvi-

scipu wicenga, j wij?

scipo alle ger<ehton,

weard wendon mid

J?a

J?sere

men

'"Sa

ofslogon

herehy]?e,

J?a

gefuhton, 3
]?a

hie

J?a

ham

]?a

metton hie micelne

ilcan dsege, ~}
J?a wij? J>a gefuhton ]?y
ilcan
ser
mi&dum
ahton
wintra.
Deniscan
sige py
geare
)>a
an
Carl
Erancna
hiene
efor, j
cyning, 3
ofslog
for)?ferde
ane geare ser his bro'Sur for]?ferde, se hsefde eac j?9et west
se hsefde eac
rice, 3 hie wseron begen HloJ? wiges suna

sciphere wicenga, 3

sunne aJ?iestrode
west rice, 3 for]?ferde J?y geare ]?e
J?set
se wses Karles sunu J?e ^EJ?elwulf West Seaxna cyning his
4
dohtor hsefde him to cuene 3 J?y ilcan geare gegadrode
micel sciphere on 7ld Seaxum, j J?aer wear]? micel gefeoht.
Seaxan hsefdun sige, j J?ser wseron Frisan
tua on geare,
J?a
mid py ilcan geare feng Carl to \am west rice, 3 to allum
bam west rice behienan Wendel See, 3 be geondan J?isse See,
sio

"j

swa hit

his J?ridda feeder haefdtf,

scip heras.
from B. and C.
2
*)

twa

set

R.

W.

corrected

D. E. F. omit.

burstan. F.

et

duas

butan Lidwiccium 5

fugauit. F. Lat.
3
So B. C. ; Sture. D. E.
4
This passage, ]>y ilcan .

se

Pip-

THE LAUD

MS.

31

(E)

manna. 3 J>ara scipa twa genamon. 3 J>a men ofslogon. 3


twa him on hand eodon. 3 Ipa, men waeron myclum of slagene
for wundode ser hi on hand eodan.
j
883. Her for se here up on Scald to CundoS". 3 baer saet an
7
gear.
3 Marinus papa sende }?a lignum dni ^Elfrede cynge ~]

f.

33.

f.

33. b.

laedde Sighelm. j iESelstan pa aelmessan to Rome


J>y ilcan geare
8
iElfred cing gehet ]?ider . j eac on Indea to see Thome, j to
j?e

Lundene. 3 hi
f>am gehatum.

see Bartholomee. )?a hi sseton wi(5 J>one here aet

Godes Ranees swytSe bentigtSe waeron sefter


884 9 Her for se here up on Sunnan to Embenum. j
saet an gear.

]?aer

Her

J?ser

forsprecena here on twa. oSer east,


ofter dael to Hrofeceastre. 3 ymb saeton J?a ceastre. "j wrohton
885.

otSer faesten

todaelde se

ymb

hi sylfe.

~)

hi

peah

ceastre

f>a

aweredan

otStSet

Alfred cyng com

liton mid fyrde. >a eode se here to heora


forleton
hi wurdon J?aer behorsade.
scipum. 3
f>et geweorc. 3
sona
eft
ilcan
sumera
ofer
se
gewiton.
Dy ilcan geare
3
\>y

saende iElfred cyng sciphere of Caent on EastEngle. sona swa


comon on SturemutSan J>a gemaetton hi xvi- scipa wicinga.

hi
3

witS

(5a

ofslogen.
pa,

10

gefuhton. 3
pa,

hi

pa.

J>a

ealle

scipa

ge raehton. 3

ham weard waeron mid

J^aere

ge metton hi mycelne sciphere wicinga. 3 wi(5

J?a

j?a

men

herehutSe.

ge fuhton

pj ilcan daege. j J?a Deniscan ahton sige. j J>y ilcan geare aer
middan wintra forftferde Carl Francna cyng. j hine ofsloh
an eofor. 3 ane geare aer his bro(5or fort5ferde. se heafde eac
j>

west

forSferde
pj geare pe seo sunne acSystrode
sunu pe AtSelwulf WestSeaxna cyng his dohtor
cwene.
Dy ilcan geare forSferde se goda papa

rice,

se

se waes Carles

haefde

to

penes sunu, is in 3*. B. C. D. Probably omitted from E. owing to


recurrence of the words, J>y ilcan.
5
Lidwiccum. B. Lidwicingum.
*

CD.

TundaB. C.

Seal to Cundot. F.
7
The scribe at first wrote cynde.
Marinus se msera papa sende ^Elfrede cinge of Cristes rode. P.
8
Rex ^Elfredus misit elemosinam, quam uouerat dum sederet

contra exercitum

cum

paucis,

cum

multi

essent

inimici,

Romae.

P.

Lat.
9

t>

(Her forftferde se welwillenda


^Selwold. Hie obiit ^Selwold-

us episcopus Wentoniensis, et electus


est in loco eius Alfegus. qui alio
nomine vocabatur Godwinus.) F.
Inserted between the lines and
on the margin by a later scribe,
wrongly: the original scribe has

the entry rightly under 984,


10

da.

MS.

q. v.

THE PARKER

32

MS.

(ft)

Carl was HloJ?wiges sunu, se HloJ>wig was Carles brojmr,


1
se wses Iuj?yttan feeder )?e iEj?elwulf cyning haefde 2 3 hie
waaron HloJ?wiges suna, se Hlo]?wig was J?aes aldan Carles
,

sunu, se Carl was Pippenes sunu


ferde se

goda papa

3 J?y ilcan geare forj?Marinus, se gefreode Ongel cynnes scole


;

West Seaxna cyninges, 3 he sende him


micla gifa, 3 J?sere rode deel J?e Crist on J?rowude j J?y ilcan
geare sehere on EastEnghm brcec frij? wij? zElfred cyning r

be xElfredes bene

886.

Her

for se here eft

west

ser east

J?e

gelende, 3

J?a

up

on Sigene, j J?9er winter setl namon. py ilcan geare gesette


Alfred cyning* Lunden burg, 3 hiw all 2?ngel cyn to cirde,
buton Deniscra monna ha3ftniede was, j hie ]?a befseste
J?set

burg iEj?erede aldormen to haldonner

}?a

887.

Her

for se here

up )?urh

J?a

brycge

set

Paris, } J?a

up

3
;
3 J?a saaton ]?ara 3
ste&xwi
j )?y ilcan

Cariei

andlang Sigene oJ> Maaterne, 0)?


innan Ionan tu winter on ]>am twam
geare forbferde Karl Francna cyning, 3 Earnulf his bro]?ur
sunu hine -vi wicum aar he forbferde bercedde 4 Bat ham rice,
3 J>a wearb beat rice toddled on *v j -v kyningas to
;

gehalgode

5
.

hi cu<edon
f.

16.

J?aet

baet

wa3s J>eah mid Earnulfes gej?afunge, j


hie ]?aat to his honda healdan sceoldon.

hira nan naas on ftedren


forJ?33m

him anum.

Earnulf

Bin, 3 Bojmlf

J?a

J?a

healfe to geboren. buton


on ]><m londe be eastan
|

wunode

feng to }>3am middel

Oda

rice, 3

to )>a3m

west

dcele, 3 Beorngar 3 Wi]?a to Longbeardna londe, 3


to J?83m londum on J?a healfe muntes 6 3 J?aat heoldun mid
,

micelre unsibbe, J tu folc gefeoht gefuhton, j J?aat lond oft


7
3 gelome forhergodon
j aaghwcej?er oberne oftr<edlice ut
,

;
3 ]?y ilcan geare J?e se here for forj?
8
zEbelhelm aldor mon Ledde
brycge set Paris.
v
tclmessan j' yElfredes cyninges to Borne r

drcefde

888.

ltedde

Beocca aldormon Wesseaxna <elmessan

Iuftettan. B. Iu&ettan.

ettan. C.
2

Her

Iothetan. F,
hedde. F,

up ofer ]?a
Wesseaxna

D. Iud-

3
4

So B. C.
bersedne.

5
"j

fif

>ara innan D.

in. F.

MS.

cingas

]>ar

wseron to ge

THE LAUD

MS.

33

(E)

Marinus. se ge freode Angel cynnes scole be ^Elfredes bene Mariri.


"WestSeaxna cyninges. 3 he sende him myccle gifa. 3 J)sere
rode dsel pe Crist on Srowode 9
j by ilcan geare for se here
on Estenglura. 3 brec fritS wiS Alfred cyning.
.

Her

886.

for se here eft

on Sigene. 3

west pe

bser winter ssetu

10

ser east

namon

set

gelende. 3 p>a up
Paris }?sere byrig.
11

ilcan geare gesette iElfred cyning Lundenburh


3 him
eall Angel cyn to ge cyrde. f butan Deniscra manna hgefnede

Dy

wes. 3 he ba befeste ba burh iEberede ealdormen to healdenne.

Her

887.

for se

up andlang Sigene
Caziei 12 3
.

stedum.

here
otS

Sa brycge set Paris. j ba


Mseterne. "j )?a up on Mseterne oS
innan Ionan twa winter on "Sam twam

up

>a sseton J>ar


3 by ilcan geare

J>urh

forSferde Carl Francena cyng. "j


vi wucan ser he forSferde be

Earnulf his brocSorsunu hine

3 ba wearS bet rice to dseled. on 'V 3 fif


cyningas togehalgode. bet weas J>seh mid Earnulfes Jmfunge.
3 hi cwsecSon j> hi him pet tohanda healdan scoldan. fortSan
raedde

set

fam

rice.

pet heora nan nses of faedrenhalfe geboren butan him anura.


Earnulf wunode on bam lande be aestan Bine. 3 HrotSulf 13

pa feng to bam middel rice. 3 [Oba] ba to pam weast dsele. "]


14
Beorngar 3 Wit5a to Langbeardna lande. 3 to bam landum on
15
pa healfe muntes. 3 bet heoldan mid mycel unsibbe. 3 twa
folcgefeoht gefuhton. 3 f land oft 3 gelome forhergodon. "J
seghweSer oSerne oftrsedlice utadrsefde. 3 J>y ilcan geare
pe se here for fortS up ofer pa brycge set Paris. ^E(5elhelm
|

ealdorma.n lsedde Weast Seaxna selmessan 3 iElfredes cyninges f~

Eome
Her

to

888.

lsedde Beocca

regnum Longobardorum

Domini

et de reliquiis sanctorum.

F. Lat.
10

setu. B. C.

D.

"

burh Lundene. F. sedit in


Lundonia. F. Lat.
n So D. F. Cariei. B. C.

et alias

)>a

terras quae sunt ultramontan.-i. F.Lat.


7
for baerndon. C (only).

Here S. W. insert"], (wrongly.)


micele giua on halidome. F.
plura donaria, scilicet de cruce.
8

13

u WiC.

34.
..

E,kmoJ\t\^
ealdorman WestSeaxna selmessan ^ uepitu.

halgode. *J ^ mid Arnulfes geSafunge. ~) hie beheton f> hi to his


handa healdan sceoldon. F.
6

f.

15

Rodulf. F.
F.
Wido. F. Lat.

healfne.

MS.

THE PARKER

34

MS.

(ft)

cyninges to Rome, j zEj?elswiJ? cuen, sio wees


^Elfredes sweostor cyninges, forJ?ferde, j hire lie lij> set
iElfredes

Pafian ;

ilean geare ^EJ>eYred erce bisc

by

aldormon. forJ?ferdon on

889

On

1
.

890.

Her

Rome

to

cyning

./Elfred

l<edde

lond

fulluht

aerest

god sunu,

gesaet

Sigene to Sant Laudan,

him

cunij 3 Brettas

fereld to

atJb

cyninges

for]?ferde, J?aes

nan

Rome, buton

cyning sende mid gewritumr

Beorn helm

iElfredes

^Elfredes cyninges
J?aet

anum monger

J?issum geare naes

tuegen hleaperas

3 zEJ?elwold

)?y

]?aet

*]

nama

is

West Seaxna
Godxum se

celmessan

nor]?erna
waes ^E)?elstan, se waes

he bude on East Englum, 3


ilean geare

for

se here

butueoh Brettum

of

3 Fran-

hie

haefdon sige, 3
wij? gefuhton, 3
n

bedrifon ut on ane ea, ~) monige adre^tonr


Her waes Plegemund gecoron of Gode 2 of eallen his
~)

891.

Her

for

wr<5 fern raede

se

here

halechen.

here east. 3 Earnulf cyning gefeaht


aer

J?a

scipu cuomon,

mid EastFrancum,

Seaxum, 1 Baegerum. 3 hine gefliemde


3 J?rie Scottas
to -^Elfrede cyninge, on anum bate butan celcum
4
5
gere]?rum of Hibernia J?onon hi hi bestcelon for]?on J?e hi
woldon for Godes lufan on etyiodignesse beon, hi ne ronton
Se bat waes g^worht of j?riddan healfre hyde 6 J?ehi
hwaer.
3

comon

on foron, 3 hi namon mid him ]?aet hi haefdun to seofon


niht 7 to londe on
nihtum mete
]?a comon hie ymb vii;

Corn walum.
hie

"j

waeron

Maelinmun

10

waes geforr

12

892 13

foron

J?a

sona to zElfrede cyning^


Jms
Dubslane 8 3 Maccbethu 9
j

genemnde,
n
3 Swifneh

se betsta

lareow

]?e

on Scottum

f.

16. b.

j ]?y ilean geare ofer Eastron. ymbe gang' dagas o]?J?e


14
haet cometa,
aer, aet eowde se steorra J>e mon on boc laeden

same

15

men

forJ?aem faer

hwilum on

on Englisc
stent lang leoma

cwe]?aj?

aelce healfe

:>

J?aet

of,

hit sie feaxede steorra.

hwilum on ane

healfe,

THE LAUD

MS.

35

(E)

1 ^Elfredes cyninges to Rome. 3 .jESelswicS cwaen seo wees


16
iElfredes swustor cyninges. -\ heo for S'ferde . 3 hire lie lift
17
Abe wold
set Pauian.
~]
3 f>y ilean geare iEtSered arcebiscop
.

ealdorman forSferdon on

anum monbe.

blssum geare naes nan fsereld to Rome buton twegen


iElfred
cyng sende mid gewritum.
hleaperes
890. Her lsedde Beornhelm abb WestSeaxna selmessan to

On

889.

Rome. 3 iElfredes cynges


forSferde.

J>ses

fulluht

nama

3 Godrum se norSerne cyning


wses JEtSelstan, se wses -rJElfredes

godsune cyninges. 3 he bude on EastEnglum. 3 f land serest


18
ge sset. "J ])j ilean geare for se here of Sigene to Scandlaudan.
19
is betwix
Bryttum 3 Francum. 3 Bryttas him wiftge
J>et
fuhton. 3 hsefdon sige. 3 hi bedrifon ut on ane ea. 3 manige
adrencton 20

Hie Plegemundus archiepiscopus a Deo

populo electus

anecdote of the three

ori-

13

ginal scribe.
of eallan folc to Jam arb rice

"j

on Cantwareberi. F.
3
rade. B.
rad. D.
*
sine omni guberreSrum. F.
natione humana'. F. Lat.
5
So B. C. D. Yrlande. F.
6
in nauicula facta de duobus
coriis et dimidio. F. Lat.
die.

binnan

vii-

nihtan. F.

F. Lat.

Dublasne. D. Dubslana. F. Lat.


9
Machbethu.
Maccbethath. B.
C. D.
Maccbethu.
10
Maelinmuin. B. Maelinmumin.
C. Maelmumin. D. F. as S.
11
Suifne. B.

Scots/

number

892, ends the first hand in


Three or four lines are left
blank at the bottom of f. 16 r.
Then the new hand commences at
the top of 16. v. Note that B. C.
D. F. Lat. all place the appearance
of the comet in the same year as the
arrival of the Scots/ The Saxon
of F. has no reference to the comet.
14
on Laeden. D.
15
sume. B. C. D.
16
be Rome wege. F. in itinere

Rome. F.
17

Maelinmun. Nam quartus


eorum obiit nomine Suifneh
Et
qui fuit peritissimus doctor.
eodem anno apparuit cometa stella
circa Ascensionem Domini. F. Lat.
12

'

this point, after writing the

'

septimo

At

3*.

omni

est.

Altered from 887 by the

et

Bocius

This version

is peculiar to F. Lat.
of F. follows the other
MSS. in its account of Subine's
death. It will be noticed that E.
is the only MS. which omits this

The Saxon

Lat.

se arb. of Cantwaraberi. F.

18
So F. Scan LeoSan. D. Sant
Loftdan. C. Sand LoSan. B.
19
betweoh. D.
betuh. B. C.

betwyx. F.
20

inter Brittanes (altered from


Bryttas) et Francigenas. Audientes
hoc Brytones exeuntes dimicabant
contra eos, et uictis Danis propulsabant in quandam aqua[m], ubi
plures eorum demersi sunt. F. Lat.
The last part is not in the Saxon

ofF.

THE PARKER

36

893 *. Her on ]>ysum geare


gefyrn

MS.
for

("K)

se

micla here. pe

we

sprsecon, eft of }>sem east rice westweard to


3 J?ser wurdon gescipode, swa J>set hie asettan him

ymbe

Buiman.
on anne

mid horsu? mid ealle, J J?a comon up on


Limene muj?an. mid eel. hunde scipa. se muj?a is on easte
weardre Cent. set ]?ses miclan 2 wuda eastende pe we
se wudu is east lang 3 west lang hund
TCndred hataft
sij?

ofer

twelf tiges mila lang o}>J?e lengra, 3 J?ritiges mila brad seo
ea pe we ser ymbe sprsecon lift ut of J?sem wealda on J?a ea
hi tugon up hiora scipu oj? }>one weald, iiii* mila fram J?sem
;

abrsecon an ge weorc. inne on


sseton feawa cirlisce men on, 3 wses sam

muj?an ute weardu^. 3


3

J>sem f[sest]enne

J?ser

worht.

pa sona sefter J?sem com Hsesten mid lxxx scipa up on


Temese muftan, j worhte him ge weorc set Middeltune, 3
se o)?er here set Tfpuldre

894.

On

:>

]?ys geare, J?set

on

wses

ymb

twelf mona'S

J?ses

pe

geweorc ge worht hsefdon, NorJ>


J?sem
hymbre 3 EastEngle hsefdon iElfrede cyninge a]?as ge
seald, 3 East Engle fore gisla -vi- 3 ]?eh ofer J?a treowa, swa
oft swa J?a o]?re hergas mid ealle herige utforon, ponne
foron hie, oJ>]?e mid, o]?J?e on heora healfe on 4
pa gegaderade iElfred cyning his fierd, 3 for J?set he gewicode
betwuh J?sem twam hergu^. j?ser pser he niehst rymet hsefde
for wudu fsestenne, ond for wseter fsestenne, swa J?set he
mehte segj?erne gersecan gif hie senigne feld secan wolden
pa foron hie si]?J?an sefter ]?sem wealda hlo)?u^ floe m&um.
bi swa hwaj?erre efes 5 swa hit ponne fierdleas wses. 3 him
hie

east rice

"j

mon
on

mid opvum floccu^

eac
6

dseg]

burguw
]?set

sohte msestra daga selce, [o]?J?e


6p]>e on niht. ge of J?sere fierde, ge eac of psem
hsefde se cyning his fierd on tu to numen, swa

ham, healfe ute, butan psem


healdan scolden. ne com se here

hie wseron simle healfe

monnura pe

]?a

burgV

set

oftor eall ute of J?sem setum ponne tuwwa. oJ?re sij?e pa, hie
serest to londe comon, ser sio fierd gesamnod wsere, o]?re
(Continued on p.

37.)

THE LAUD
892.

Her

for se

MS.

37

(E)

myccla here pe we ge fyrn

aer

ymb spraecon

J>am east rice weastward to Bunan. j }?aer wurdon ge


scipode swa f hi asaetton hi on aenne si(S ofer mid horsum

eft of

mid

ealle.

~\

healf hund

up on Limine muoan mid


mutSa is on east warde Cent

comon

pa,

se

scipa.

mycclan wuda eastenda pe we Andraed

)?ridde
set

pes

wudu

hataS. se

is

west lang j east lang hund twelftig mila lang. oStSe lengre. j
xxx mila brad, se ea pe we aer ymb spraecon. Ii(S ut of ]mm
wealda ; on pe ea hi tugon
up heora scipa ocS cSone weald

f.

34. b.

mila fram ])am muj?an utanweardum. 3 psev abraecon an


geweorc; inne on Sam fae[ste]nne saeton feawa cyrlisce men
iiii-

on. 3 waes samworht.


pa sona aefter ]mm com Haesten mid
lxxx- scipa up inne Taemese
muj?e, 3 worhte him geweorc aet
Middel tune. 3 seo otSer here aet Apuldre. Hie obiit Wulf-

here NorcSan
sij?e J?a

hymbrorum

hie of

j?aem.

archiepiscopus.

setum faran woldon

pa

hie ge fengon

(!)

micle herehyS 7 3 ba woldon ferian nor]? weardes ofer


Temese in on East Seaxe ongean pa scipu. pa for rad sio
,

fierd

hie foran, 3 him

wrS gefeaht

aet

Fearnhamme,

pone here ge fliemde,

hie
j J?a here hyj?a ahreddon, j
8
flugon ofer Temese buton selcum forda pa, up be Colne on
anne iggaft. pa besa3t sio fierd hie J?aer utan J?a hwile pe
hie

J?aer

lengest mete haefdon.

1
Originally 892, but increased by
a year as well as all following years
up to 929 (originally 928) inclusive.
The first scribe seems to have omitted 930, which was a blank annal.

The

corrector first alters 929 into


930, then strikes it out altogether,
and proceeds to take a year off,
making 931 into 930, and so on
to the end of 937
(originally 938).

Then 938

is

inserted,

939

left as it

was, 941 and 942 are made into


940 and 941 942 is inserted, and
at 943 the original series is resumed
unaltered. Up to 930, W., with one
exception, agrees with the corrected
;

numbers in

ft, after that point it retains the original


numbering.

Ac
2

hie haefdon

j?a
(Continued on p.

heora

miclam.

MS.

38.)

mucelan. F.

il-

can. B. C. D.
3

B.
faestene. C. D.
From
F. faenne. E.
the context, and from the evidence
of the Latin historians, there can be
no doubt that the former is the true
faestenne.

fenne.

ft.

reading.
*
So B.

The

W.

W.

scribe of

healfe.
ft.

*j

)>a.

D. C.

seems to have

ori-

ginally written an.


5
healfe. D.
6
Omitted by
from C. D.
7

8
9

ft.

B.;

supplied

-hySe. B. C. D.
Calne. C. D., and (originally) B.
Here begins a new hand in ft.

f.

17.

THE PARKER

38
(a. d. 894.)

MS.

(S)

stemn 1 ge setenne, 3 hiora mete genotudne 2 3 waes se


cyng )?a J?ider weardes on faere. mid )?aere scire )?e mid him
fierdedon
pa he ]?a wa3S J?ider weardes, 3 sio o)?eru fierd
,

ham weardes,

waes

for]?aem hiora
J?aet

"Sa

Deniscan saeton

cyning waes ge wundod on

mehton

hi hine ne

ferian

behindan,

J?aer

ge feohte,

)?aem

pa ge gaderedon J?a J?e in Nor)? hymbrum bugeaft, 3 on


East Englum, sum hund scipa, 3 foron su$ ymb utan, 3 sum
3

3 ymb saeton an ge weorc


feowertig scipa nor)? ymb utan
on Defna scire be J?aere nor]? sae
3 )?a )?e suS ymb utan
foron. ymb saeton Exancester.
pa se cyng )?aet hierde, )?a
,

wende he hine west wi3 Exanceastres mid ealre )?aere fierde,


buton swij?e ge waldenum daele easte weardes ]?aes folces.
pa foron forS o)?J?e hie comon to Lundenbyrg, j )?a mid
J?aem. burg warum 3 J?sem fultume J?e him westan com, foron
waes Haesten )?a }?aer cumen mid his
east to Beam fleote
;

Middel tune sa3t. 3 eac se micla here waes ]?a


herge, J?e
to cumen, )?e aer on Limene muf>an saet a3t TTpuldre
)?a3r
haefde Haesten aer ge worht )>aet geweorc aet Beam fleote, 3
wees se micla here aet ham
waes ]?a ut afaren on herga]?,
aer aet

rj

pa

foron hie to 3 gefliemdon )?one here, 3

abraecon, 3

ge namon

eal

J?aet )?aer

on wifum, ge eac on bearnum,


byrig, 3
to
o)?)?e

J?a

scipu

eall

o'S^e

binnan

brohton

tobra3Con,

waes,

geweorc
on
feo. ge
ge

J?aet

eall in to

Lunden-

forbaerndon,

o)?)?e

Lundenbyrig brohton o]?J?e to Hrofes ceastre. ~]


Haestenes wif 3 his suna twegen mon brohte to )?a3m

cyninge, 3 he hi him eft ageaf, forJ?aem


his

godsunu,

o)?er

ifrSeredes ealdor

)?e

hiora waes ober

monnes

haefdon hi

Beam fleote

come, 3 he him
haefde' geseald gislas 3 a'Sas, 3 se cyng him eac wel feoh
ac sona
sealde, 3 eac swa )?a he )?one cniht agef 3 J?aet wif.

hiora

onfangen

aer

Haesten to

t
f.

17. b.

swa hie

to

Bleam fleote comon,

)?aet

geweorc

geworc

(Continued on p.
1

stemninge. B. C. steminge. D.
benotodne. B.
This clause, *] sum .
ymbu.

tan,

om. B. C. D.

At

39.)

this point

very carelessly written, and

D.

is

has

many

omissions.

THE PARKER

MS.

39

(R)

on

swa hergode he

his rice }?one ilcan ende J?e iE)>ered (a.d. 894.)


his cuwpaeder healdan sceolde, j eft
he waes on
oJ?re sij?e
mon his geweorc abrsec.
hergaft gelend on }>aet ilce rice
waes.

J?aJ?a

cyning hine

se

pa

Exancestres. swa
haefde;

J?a

he

|?a

west wende mid

fierde

wiS

burg beseten
eodon hie to hiora

j se here J?a

ic aer saede,

togefaren waes

J?aer

J>aere

1
,

}?a

scipufft.

pa he

J?a

wi$

]?one here

faerwaest abisgod waes, 3

J?a

2
to Sceo byrig on East
]?a gegaderode begen
Seaxuflz, 3 J?aer geweorc worhtuw. foron begen aetgaedere
up be Temese, j him com micel eaca to. aeg]?er ge of East
Foron J?a up be Temese
Eng]u?ft, ge of Nor)? hymbru2.

hergas waeron

o)?J?8et

hie

gedydon

aet

Saeferne, ]?a

up be

Saeferne 3

pa

gegaderode iEj?ered ealdormon, 3 iEj?elm ealdorman. j


iEj?elno)? ealdorman, j J?a cinges J?egnas J?e J?a aet ham aet
j>aem ge weorcu^ waeron, of aelcre byrig be eastan Pedredan,
ge be westan Seal wuda ge be eastan, ge eac be nor]?an
Temese, 3 be westan Saefern, ge eac su^z

Weal

hie

cynnes. pa
hie ]?one here hindan

hine

]7aer

dael

aet

NorS

J>aes

offoron

ealle
J?a

gegaderode waeron, J?a


Butting tune, on Saeferne sta)?e,

utan be saeton on

aelce

healfe,

on anum

~)

faestenne.

pa hie $a fela wucena saeton on twa healfe J>aer[e] e, 3 se


cyng waes west on Defmm wij? J?one scip here, J?a waeron
hie mid metelieste gewaegde, j haefdon miclne dael J?ara
horsa freten. and
hie ut to "Saem

J?a oJ?re

monnura

waeron hungre acwolen.

]?e

on

eodon

J?a

east healfe j?aere e wicodon, 3

him wij? gefuhton, 3 J?a Cristnan haefdon sige


J?aer
wear^ Ordheh cyninges J>egn 5 ofslaegen, 3 eac monige
6
wearS swij?e
o]?re cyninges J?egnas, 3 J?ara Deniscra
J?aer
7
my eel wael geslegen j se dael J?e J?aer aweg com wurdon
;

~)

{Continued on p.
1

gefaren haefde. D.
Sceore byrig. D.
Sceabyrig. C.
3
foron pa, up be Temese "J be
Saeferne. D.
B. and C. omit the
sentence altogether.
;

aelcere.

D.

J?eng.

40.)

D.

Daeniscan. D.
7
The text has here been mended.
The scribe of 3*. wrote originally
J>a

cyninges )>egn ofslaegen ; (misled


by the preceding words and by the
o])re

THE PARKER

40
(a.d. 894.)

f l8

MS.

()

on fleame generede. pa hie on East Seaxe eomon to hiora


ge weorce. 3 to hiora scipuw. )?a gegaderade sio laf eft of
1

3 of

EastEnglum,

Nor^hymbrum.micelne here onforan

winter. j befaeston hira wif, J hira scipu, 3 hira feoh on


EastEnglum, 3 foron anstreces daeges J nihtes, ]?aet hie
gedydon on anre westre ceastre on Wirhealum, seo is Lega
ceaster

gehaten

pa nemehte

on

faran, aer hie waeron inne

seo fird hie

na hindan of

ge weorce

be saeton J?eah

]?aem

geweorc utan sume twegen dagas, genamon ceapes eall


j?aet J?aer buton wa3S, 3 J?a men ofslogon ]?e hie foran forridan 3 mehton butan ge weorce, 3 J?aet corn eall forbaerndon,
mid hira horsum fretton 4 on aelcre efenehSe. 3 J>aet waes
~]

J?aet

"j

twelf

ymb

mona$

Ond

895.

J?aes J?e

sona

J?a

hie

aefter

aer

J?aem

hider ofer

on

sae

comon.

"Sys gere for se here of

Wirheale in on NorftWealas. forJ?sem hie "Seer


mehton J?set wa3S forSy J?e hie waeron be numene

sittan

ne

aegfter

ge

J?aes

hie
J?e

ceapes,

$a

eft

hie

ge

J?aes

ut of

'Saer

cornes, "Se hie

ge hergod haefdon

NorS Weahm wendon mid

genumen

haefdon,

J?a

J?aere

foron hie

pa
here hy$e

ofer

Nor 3

EastEngla, swa swa sio fird hie geraecan


ne mehte, offset hie comon on East Seaxna lond easte
weard, on an igland J?aet is ute on J?aere see, ]?aet is Meres ig

hymbra lond

haten.

3 J?a se here eft

be seten

haefde, )?a

Cisse ceastre, j

hund

Da

]?a

ham weard

Meres ige

Exanceaster

sumu genamon.

5
ylcan gere onforan winter

saeton.

J?e

hergodon hie up on SuS Seaxum neah


burg ware hie gefliemdon, 3 hira monig

ofslogon. 3 hira scipu


]?y

wende.

J?a

Deniscan

tugon hira scipu up onTemese,

recurrence of the termination

J?e

3 )?a
{Continued on p. 41.)

-slae-

The

corrector altered \>ega


gen.)
into )>egnas.
The above text is
taken from B. and C, with the
addition of the word tccel from D.
1
Here, at the top of f. 18. r,

there seems to be another change


in the handwriting of X.

on

up

Leg ceaster. B. Liege cester. C.


Lige ceaster. D.
3
ofridan. D.
4
frseton. D.
s
on forewerdne winter. B. on
on fore weard
fore weardne. C.
winter. D.

THE PARKER
on Lygan 1
comon.

On

paet waes

ymb twa

MS.

ger

41

(ft)

J?aes j?e

hie hider ofer

see

ylcan gere worhte se foresprecena here ge


weorc be Lygan 1 -xx mila bufan Lunden byrig. pa J?aes on
896.

J?y

sumera foron micel

f.

18. b.

bara burg wara, 3 eac swa obres

dael

Deniscana geweorce, 3
wurdon gefliemde, J sume feower cyninges )?egnas
J?aer
pa J?aes on haerfaeste j?a wicode secyng on
ofslsegene.
folces, ]?aet

neaweste

hie

J?are

aet

gedydon

byrig,

"para

hwile

J?a

J?e

hie hira corn gerypon,

Deniscan him ne mehton J?aes ripes for wiernan. pa


sume daege rad secyng up be J?aere eae, j gehawade hwser
mon mehte ba ea for wyrcan, )?aet hie ne mehton J?a scipu
ut brengan.
3 hie fta swa dydon. worhton 3a tu geweorc.
)?aet j?a

ge w eorc fur j?um


baer
to
wicod
haefdon.
ge
ongunnen haefdon, 3
J?a onget se
here j?aet hie ne mehton J?a scypu ut brengan; pa forleton
hie hie, 3 eodon ofer land J>aet hie gedydon aet Cwatbrycge 3
be Saefern, 3 J?aer 4 gewerc worhton. pa rad seo fird west
aefter J>aem. herige, j
men of Lunden byrig ge fetedon ]?a
]?a
scipu, 3 J?a ealle |?e hie alaedan ne mehton tobraecon, 3 J?a ]>e
stael wyrSe waeron binnan Lunden byrig gebrohton
3
J?aer
hira
innan
aer
Deniscan
haefdon
wif
befaest
EastEngle
]?a

on twa healfe

J?aere

eas.

pa

hie fta

J?aet

hie ut of J?aem ge weorce foron


pa saeton hie J?one winter
5
aet Cwatbrycge
waes
ymb J?reo ger J>aes J?e hie on
paet
;

Limene mnSan comon hider

ofer

sae.

897. Da J?aes on sumera on ^ysum gere to for se here,


sum on EastEngle, sum on Norfthymbre, j ba J?e feoh lease

him

waeron

Sigene.
Naefde

swrSe

se

scipu begeton, 3 suft ofer

J?aer

here,

gebrocod

Godes
|

Ac

ponces,

foron to

sae

^ngelcyn

ealles

hie waeron micle swi]?or gebrocede on


(Continued on p.

Liggean. B. Ligenan. C.
gean, Lygean. D.
2
On Jon. B. Ond J)y. C.

>a

J>y.
3

set

D.
Brygce. D.

for

Li-

)>9et.
5

Ond

B. C. D.
Bricge. B. C.

42.)

set

Angel cynnes
B. C. D.

set

Brygce. D.

ealles

fulswi]je.

f.

19.

THE PARKER

42
(a. d. 897.)

]?aem

J?rim

geamm mid

MS.

(ft)

cwilde

ceapes

mid

monna,

ealles

J?a3m J?set manige ]?ara selestena cynges J?ena


on
londe
wseron forS ferdon on J?3em J?rim geavum
J?e }>a3r
J?ara wses sum Swiftulf biscop on Hrofes ceastre, 3 Ceolmund ealdor mon on Cent, 3 Beorhtulf ealdormon on East
2
Seaxum, 3 Wulfred ealdormon on Ham tun scire 3 Ealhheard 3 biscop set Dorce ceastre, 3 Eadulf cynges }>egn on
SuS Seaxum, ^ Beornulf wic gefera 4 on Winte ceastre, J

swi]?ost

Ecgalf cynges horsJ?egn


6
geSungnestan nemde.

5
,

manige eac him

fta
J?eh ic

py ilcan geare drehton J?a bergas on East Englum on


NorS hymbrum West Seaxna lond swifte be ]?3em su^S stse^e
~)

mid

hergu^z, ealra swij?ust mid fern sescum ]?e hie fela


geara ser timbredon. pa het iElfred cyng timbran lang
steel

$a sescas )?a wseron fulneah tu swa lang swa


7
oftru. sume ha3fdon dx- ara
sume ma. ]?a wseron segfter
J?a
9
8
swiftran
unwealtran
ge
ge
ge eac hieran youne J?a o$ru.
nseron nawSer ne on Fresisc gescsepene ne on Denisc, bute
swa him selfum ftuhte J?set hie nyt wyrSoste beon meahten.
pa a3t sumura cirre J?a?s ilcan geares comon J?8er sex scipu to
Wiht, j J?ser mycel yfel gedydon, aegfter ge on Defenum ge
wel hwaer be 'Saem sse riman. pa het se cyng faran mid
nigonum to J?ara niwena scipa, j for foron him ]?one mitSan
foran on uter mere
foron hie mid J?rim scipum ut
J?a
ongen hie, 3 J>reo stodon aet ufeweardum bsem muSan on
scipu ongen

f.

19. b.

drygum, waeron

gon

J?a

men uppe on londe

J?a

gefen-

]?a

mu'San utewearduM,
an 0$ wand on J?a3m waeron eac

hie J?ara J?reora scipa tu

'Ssem

set

men ofslogon, j ]?8et


men ofslaegene buton Mum.

j j?a

of agane,

iSara o)?erra scipu asseton, )?a

comon forfty onweg 'Se


J?a
wurdon eac swrSe une^elice
(Contimied on p.

1
2
3
4

6
6

seiestra. B. C.
B. C. D. omit Wulfred.
Healh heard. D.
So W. gerefa. B. C. D.
hor sten. C.
hors]?en. B.
witan. add. B.

43.)

arena. B.
B. has
So C. untealran. D.
trnge- at the end of one line, and
-tran at the beginning of the next.
hearra. D.
hearran. B. C.
8

THE LAUD

MS.

Her gefor Alfred cyning

901.

D. 901.

Her gefor Alfred cyning

43

(E)

kl noveb.

'vii

Nouembris.

.vii. It

he heold

~\

"J

heold bone

{Continued on p.

on

aseten. breo asaeton

fta healfe J?aes

can scipu aseten waeron,


hira

nemehte nan

to

"j

oftru eall

J>a

on

Ac $a

oftmm.

ahebbad fela furlanga from J?aem


Deniscan from J?aem J?rim scipum to

$a Denis-

fte

deopes

f.

44.

45.)

(a. d. 897/,

o)?re healfe, J?aet

j?aet

scipuwz.

waeter

waes

eodan

J?a

J?aem o^5ru^ J?rim

}>e

fta

on

hie

hira healfe beebbade waeron, 3

cynges gerefa.
Friesa, 3 iE-Selhere Friesa, 3

ofslaegen

iEbbe
neat,

y J?a J?aer

Lucumon

ealra

monna

Fresiscra j

~]

gefuhton.

weai-S

)?aer

Wulf heard

Friesa. 3

iESelferS cynges geEngliscra

dxii-

J?ara

fa com

)?aem Deniscu^ scipuw ]?eh aer


flod to, aer
Cristnan mehten hira utascufan 3 3 hie
J?a
4
forSy utoS reowon J>a waeron hie to J?aem gesargode J?aet
hie ne mehton S\v6 Seaxnalond utan be rowan, ac hira J>aer
tu sae on lond wearp. j J?a men mon laedde to Winte
ceastre 5 to j?aem cynge, 3 he hie "Seer ahon het. j ]?a men
comon on East Engle. J?e on J?aem anu^z scipe waeron. swrSe
forwundode. py ilcan sumera forwearS noises ]>omie *xx

Deniscena

*cxx*

mid monnuM mid

be J?am sn3 riman.


py ilcan
gere forS ferde Wulfric cynges hors ftegn, se waes eac Wealh
scipa

ealle.

gefera
898.

Her on

\>ysum gere

gefor

iEMm

Wiltun

ealdormon, nigon nihtim aer middum sumere. J her


ferde Heahstan, se waes on Lundenne biscop.

Her gefor

901.

J?e

f.

20.

"

iElfred

{Continued on p.

for'S
|

Ttyulfing, syx nihtuwz aer ealra


Se waes cyning ofer eall Ongelcyn butan
under Dena on walde waes, 3 he heold J?aet rice

haligra maessan
ftaem daele

scire

dypan. B.
ealle. B. C. D.

gegaderode.- D.

The

Wiltun ceastre. D.
So W. gerefa. B. C. D.

ftaere

scribe at first wrote scutan.

44.)

HE*

THE PARKER

44

oJ?rum healfum lees


his sunu to rice.

"j

(X)

-xxx* wintra.

j ]?a

feng Ead weard

wald his fsedran sunu. ]?one ha^ set Win


Tweoxneam butan "cSses cyninges leafe y his

JEftel

pa gerad
burnan,

)?e

MS.

set

rad se cyning mid firde S Ae * ge wicode set


Baddanbyrig wi3 Win burnan, 3 iE*3elwald sset binnan

witena.

pa

hsem ham mid J?9em monnum ]?e him to gebugon, ~] hsefde


ealle J?a geatu forworht into him, 3 ssede
he wolde
J?set
o'Ser <y3e J?a?r libban oS'Se hger licgan.
under ]?8em )?a
]?a
be stsel he hine on niht on weg, j ge sohte J?one here on

Nor3 hymbrum,
hine

mon

ne mehte
cyng het ridan aefter,
J?a
hsefde ser
berad
vvif
he
mon
pa
J?aet
]?3et

3 se

of ridan

"j

2
genumen butan cyuges leafe 3 ofer J?ara biscopa gebod,
forSon 'Se heo wses ser to nunnan gehalgod.
3 on J?ys

ilcan gere forS ferde iEj?ered. waes on

Defenum ealdormon,

wucum ser iElfred cyning.


903. Her gefor Ttyulf ealdormon EalhswrSe bro'Sor j
Uirgilius abbud of Scottum' 3 Grim bald msesse preost.

feower

idus Iulii.

viii

Her com iEftelwald hider ofer sa3 mid J?aem flotan


\q he mid wees on East Sexe.
905. Her aspon iE'Selwald J?one here on EastEnglum to
unfrrSe, J?3et hie hergodon ofer Mercnaland oft hie comon
904.

to Crecca gelade, 3 foron


f.

20. b.

e
g.

on Bradene

mehton,

ge

wendan

fta?r

]?83r

ymb utan

"Sa eft

eall

ham weard

S he. on erasure, and in the


hand {a), t he. B. 0$ he. C.
oS$e he. D.
2
butan }?3es. B. C. D.
3
obitus S.
Grimbaldi sacerdotis, et aduentus S. Iudoci, et
dedicatio Noui Monasterii Went.

later

I think the scribe wrote


Ludoces, Ludoci, and so it was read
by Mr. Thorpe.
4
So B. C. geboden. D.
5
So B. D.
6
So D. eft. B. C.
F. Lat.

ofer Temese,

"j

J?aet

pa

namon

segfter

hie ge hentan
for

Ead weard

The MSS.B. and C, after closing

the year 915 (918 S.) fetch back to


896 (the annals 896 to 901 being
blank) and introduce the present
episode, which may be considered
Both are
to close at 924 (925 !.)
then barren to 934 (935 7T.), where
they fall in with the usual current
The episode forms
of History.
therefore a little Mercian Register
of about twenty years, and might
be styled the Annals of ^EthelThe compiler of D. has inflsed.'
'

THE LAUD
J?et

rice -xxviii* wintra

sunu

~\

MS.

45

(E)

healf gear.

*j

pa feng ^Edward his

rice.

[to]

Her forSferde Grimbaldi bes s&cerd. "J bys ylcan geares was (F)
3
ge halgod Niwe mynster on Wincestre. 3 S. Iudoces to cyme
903.

rice -xxviii. wintra

"J

healf gear.

"J

ba feng Eadweard his sunu to (D)

rice.
~\

Win

ba [gerad] iEbel wold seeding his fsederan sunu bone ham set
burnan. "J set Tweoxnam bses cynges unbances. "] his witena

pa rad se cyning mid fyrde. o&Je he gewicode set Baddanbyrig


wi^ Win burnan. ~) Abel wold sset binnan bam hame mid bam mon-

num

him

he hsefde ealle ba gatu forworhte


"J
he
wolde
obbe
^aer libban o^Se bser licgean. ba
"J
]>
under {jam ba rad se seeding on niht aweg, "J gesohte bone here on
NorShymbrum, 3 hi hine under fengon him to cyninge, ~\ him
be

into him.

to ge bugon.

ssede

pa bera[d] man f wif )>e he. hsefde ser genum[en]


cynges leafan "J ofer bsera biscopa gebodu forbam heo
wses ser to nonnan gehalgod. "J on )>ys ilcan geare for5 ferde
iEbered, wses on Defenum ealdor man. iiii. wucan ser iElfred
to

bugon

butan

bses

f.

44. b.

cyning.
903. Her gefor Abulf ealdorman, Ealh swy^e
moder cynges, "] Uirgilius abbud of Scottum,

bro^or, Eadweardes
Grimbald msesse
"J

preost.
904.

Her com A^el wold hider ofer see mid eallum bam flotan be
he begitan mihte, ~) him to gebogen 4 wses on East Seaxe.
905. Her cometa set eowde -xiii. kt Nouembris.
Her gelsedde 5 Abelwold bone here on East Englum to unfrrSe,
f hi ge hergodon ofer eall Myrcna land o^ hi comon to Creoccgelade. "] foron bser ofer Temese, 3 namon segber on Brsedene ge
6
bser on buton eall f hi ge hentan meahton, } wendon ba east
ham weard. pa for Eadweard cyning sefter swa he ra^ost mihte
7

Her EalhswrS forSferde. "] by ilcan gere


Holme
Cantwara ) bara Deniscra.
J;am
904. Her mona abystrode.
8
905. Her setywde cometa.
902

wses

f gefeoht

(Continued on p.

corporated

of

this

piece

to reduce the

whole

portions

and attempted

to chronological order. The student


can therefore compare the materials

set

46.)

in their digested and undigested


condition. The text is from C, with
various readings from B.
8

o])ywde. B.

(C)

f-

4-

THE PARKER

46

cyning

aefter,

swa he

eall

pa he

het he beodan ofer ealle

somne.

pa

set

(R)

raftost inehte his fird

betwuh dicu^

hira land

oferhergade
0<53a fennas nor$

MS.

gegadrian, j

Wusan.

)?a

eall

J?onan ut faran wolde,


fird
hie foron ealle ut
J?aet

fta eft

saeton fta Centiscan

]?aer

]?a
set

be aeftan ofer his

bebod, 3 seofon aerendracan he hiw, haefde to asend.


pa
v
be'for sehere hie iSaer, "j hie ^aer gefuhton, 3 J?aer wearS

Sigulf ealdormon ofslaagen, 3 Sigelm ealdormon, 3 Ead-

wold cynges 'Segen, j Cenulf abbod, 3 Sigebreht Sigulfes


sunu,

"j

Eadwald Sccan sunu,

monige eac him,

J?eh ic "Sa

on 3ara Deniscena healfe wearft


ofslaegen Eohric hira cyng, 3 iE^elwald aefteling fte hine to
J?aem unfrrSe ge spon, 3 Byrht sige Beorno'Ses sunu aeftelinges. *] Ysopa hold, j Oscytel hold, 3 swrSe monige
eac him, J?e we nu genemnan ne magon ; j J?aer waes
on gehwae'Sre hond micel wael geslaegen, 3 }>ara Denis-

ge 'Sungnestan nemde.

cena

J?aer

wearS

ma

ofslaegen, J?eh hie wael

stowe gewald

ahton.
j EalhswrS gefor J?y ilcan geare.
906 *. Her on J?ys geare gefor Alfred, waes

aet

Baftu^z

on J?aem ilcan gere mon faestnode )?one frift aet


Ytting*a forda, swa swa Ead weard cyng geraedde, aegfter
wr$ East Engle ge wr$ Nor3 hymbre.
gerefa.

Her gefor Denulf, se waes on Winte ceastre biscop


910. Her feng Fri3estan+ to biscop dome on Winte

909.
>$<
f.

21.

ceastre, j

burnan
|

Sneer biscop gefor


biscop.

firde aegfter

ge of

3 ]?y

West

gade swrSe micel on

(C)

907.
909.

$aem, se waes aet Scire


ilcan gere sende Ead weard cyng
Seaxum ge of Mercu^, 3 heo geheraefter

J?aem nor'S here, aegfter

ge on

mannum

Her wees Lig cester 2 ge edniwod.


Her waes see Oswaldes lie geleeded 3 of Beardan igge on

Myrce.
910.

On

jjysum gere Engle ~\ Dene gefuhton ait Teotanheale "J


ilcan geare iE^elfleed getimbrede )>a burh
"J
]>j

Engle sige namon.


set

Bremes byrig.

THE LAUD

MS.

Her gefestnode Eadward cyng

906.

47

(E)
for

neode friS

aegtSer

ge wicS EastEngla here, ge witS NorShymbre.


910. Her Engl^here ) Dene gefuhton set Teotan heale.
iE)>ered

Lunden byrig.

-j

Eadward cyng feng to


to
Oxnaforda.
to
ealle
3
3
)?am landum J>e J?aer to
mycel sciphere hider com suj>an of Lidwicum. 3

Myrcena ealdor for5

ge byredon. "j
hergedon swiSe be Sefsern. ac hi

ferde. 3

J>ser

f.

35.

maest ealle sitSSan forforon.

ofer hergode eall hyra land be tweoh (D)


"J
0$
norS.
fennas
"J
pa he eft banon faran
ba
wolde. ba het heo beodon ofer ealle
fyrd. f hi foron ealle ut
a3tsomne; pa aetsaeton ba Centiscan baer be aeftan ofer his be- f- 45bod. ~) vii. aerendracan he him haefde toasend; pa befor sehere
hi J)33r. J hi ^aer gefuhton. ~\ baer [wearS] Siulf ealdorman of
slaegen. "] Sihelm ealdorman. "J Eadwold cynges beng. ~) Kenulf
ab15. "J Sigebryht Siulfes sunu. "J Eadwold Accan sunu. "J manige
eac to him, beah ic ba ge bungenestan nemde. "J on baera Deniscena 4 healfe waes of slaegen Eoric cyning. ~] A^elwold aebeling
5
be hi him to cyninge gecurum
Beorht sige Beorht no^es 6 sunu
~)
aebelinges. "J Ysopo hold. ~) Os kytel hold. "J swrSe maenige eac
mid him, be we nu genemnan ne magon. ~) J)33r waes on ge hwae^ere hand mycel wael geslaegen. ~) baera Deniscna * wearS ma
of slaegen, beah hi wael stowe ge weald ahton. "] Ealh swrS gefor
his

fyrd ge gaderian.

Wusan

dicum

eall

by ilcan geare.
906. Her waes see Os waldes lichoma alaeded of Beardan igge.
Her on bysson geare iElfred gefor. waes 7 set Ba^umtune gerefa.
"J

on

J;

am

ylcan geare

man

ge faestnode bone frrS aet Ytinga


aegbaer ge wr5 East

swa swa Eadward cyning geraedde,


jEnglum ge wr$ NorS hymbrce.
forda,

909 8 Her Myrce "J West Seaxe gefuhton wrS bone here neh
Teotan heale. on .viii. idus Agustus. ~) sige haefdon. 3 by ilcan
.

geare iEbelflced getimbrode Bremesburh.


se waes on Wintan ceastre b\

Her gefor Denewulf

910. Her feng FrrSstan to biscopdome on Winta ceastre. "J


Asser gefor aefter bam, se waes aet Scire burnan biscop. *J by ilcan geare sende Eadweard cyning fyrde aegber ge of 9 West
{Continued on p.
1

907. W.
Ligceaster geedneowad. B.

Byrhsige ByrtnoSes. B. Beorh-

sige Beorhtnofes. C.
7
The scribe at first wrote waest.

gelaedd. B.

Deniscra. B. C.

So D.

gecuron. B. C.

49.)

f.

45. b. begins with 908.

ofer.

MS.

f-

45- b.

THE PARKER

48

MS.

()

yrfe, y manega men ofslogon ]?ara


Deniscena. 3 f aer waeron fif wuean inne.
911. Her braec sehere on NorS hymbrum fone frift, 3
forsawon aelc frift J?e Eadweard eyng 3 his witan him

ge on gehwelces cynnes

budon. 3 hergodon ofer Mercna lond

3 se

cyng

gegadrod sum hund scipa. 3 wses fa on Cent,


foran be suSan east andlang sjb togenes him.

haefde

fa scipu
fa wende
waere on faem

here faet his fultumes se maesta dael


scipum, *j faet hie mehten faran un be fohtene f aer f aer hie
wolden. fa geascade se cyng faet faet hie ut on herga'S
se

ge of West Seaxum
hie offoron ftone here hindan, fa he

fa sende he his

foron,

ge of Mercuw,

hawweard

waes, j

fird

aegfter

him fa wif gefuhton,

fliemdon, 3 his fela fusenda ofslogon,

cyng

*j

fone here ge1


faer waes Ecwils
3

ofslaegen.

912.

Her ge

for

ealdormon

ifrSered

Eadweard cyng feng to Lunden byrg 3


Saem lan&um eallum J?e faer to hierdon.

to

on

Mercu?^;

Oxna forda_,

3 to

913. Her on fys geare ymb Martines maessan het Ead


weard cyning atimbran fa nor<5ran burg* aet Heorot forda
betweox Memeran 2 j Bene ficcan 3 Lygean
3 fa aefter
3
fam faes on sumera. betweox gang dagum 3 middum
sumera, fa for Eadweard cyning mid sumum his fultume
on East Seaxe to M<el dune. 3 wicode f aer fa hwile f e man
3 him beag
ge timbrede aet Wit ham
fa burg worhte
god dael faes folces to f e aer under Deniscra manna anwalde
waeron, j sum his fultum worhte fa burg fa hwile aet
Heorot forda on suf healfe Lygean.
;

f.

21. b.

*J

(C)

911.

Da

912.

Her com

iEfered Myrcna hlaford.


iE)>elnsed Myrcna hlsefdige on fone halgan sefen
Inuentione see crucis. to Scergeate, ] }>8er ^a burh getimbrede. 3
fees ilean

^ses o]?res geares gefor

geares fa

set

Bricge.

Her Gode forgyfendum for iEJ^elnsed Myrcna hlsefdige


mid eallum Myrcum to Tamaweor&ge. *] J>a burh fser getim913.

brede. on foreweardne sumor,


Stsef forda.

"J

)>ses

foran to hlaf msessan.

)>a

set

THE WORCESTER

MS.

49

(D)

Seaxum ge of Myrcuin.
he ge hergode swy^e mycel on
bam norS here, segbaer ge on mannum ge on hwylcum yrfe,
manege men ofslogon baera Dseniscra. 3 baer waeron -v. wucan
"3

"3

inne.

Her iEngle. 3 Dene gefuhton aet Totanheale. 3 iEbelred


Myrcna ealdor for^ferde. ~\ Eadward cyning feng to Lunden
byrig- 1 to Oxnaforda. *3 to eallum Jtam landum be baer to
mycel scip here hider com suSan of Lid wicum.
hergodon swy^e be Seefern. ac hi baer maest ealle sybban

hyrdon.
3

"3

for foran.

Her

bone frr8 on NorShymbrum. "3 for


Eadweard cyning. 3 his witan him budon. ~]
se cyning haefde gegaderod sum
hergodon ofer Myrc land.
"J
hund scipa. "3 waes ba on Cent. ~) a scipu foron be suSan east
andlang see togeanes him.
pa wende se here ty his fultum
waere se msesta dael on bam scipum. 3 baet hi mihton un be foh911.

sawon

sehere

braec

aslc riht

be

f.

46.

J;

tene faran baer baer hi woldon.


pa ge ahsode se cyning baet baet
hi on hergea^ foron, ba sende he his fyrd aeg^er ge of West
Seaxum ge of Myrcum. 3 hy of foron bone here hindan, fa he

ham weard
3

his

waes. 3

feola

Healden cyng.

mund

him wrS ba gefuhton.

ofslogen.
"3

Ohter

"3

j>33r

eorl.

bone here geflymdon.

"3

waas Eowilisc

3 Scurfa eorl.

"3

cyng

ofslaegen.

Abulf 6 hold 7

"]

Ag-

hold.

Her gefor iEbelred ealdor man on Myrcum. "J Eadweard


cyning feng to Lunden byrig 3 to Oxnaforda. "3 to eallum bam
landum be baer to hyrdon.
913. Her iEbelfled getimbrode Tame weorSe. "3 eac Stafforda
burh. Her on byssum geare ymbe Martines maessan het Eadward
912.

Heort forda, be tweoh 3


Maeran. 3 Bene ficean. 3 Ligean. 3 ba aefter bam baes on sumera.
betwux gang dagum. 3 middan sumera for Eadweard cyning
mid sumum his fultume on East Seaxe to Mael dune. "3 wicode
beer ba hwile be man ba burh worhte. 3 ge trymode est Witanham.
3 him beah god dael bass folces to be aer under Dseniscra manna
anwealde waeron. "3 sum his fultum worhte ba burh aet Heortforda
on snShealfe Lygean.

cyning

atimbrian

pa

norSan burh.

aet

2
3
4

]>a o]>res
5

Eowils. B. C.
Meran. B. Meran. C.
So C. betuh. B.
geares

]>se8

Benesing hold. "] Anlaf se


purferS hold. 1 Osferd
GuSferS hold.
Hlytte.
Agmund
hold, t GuSferS. B. C.
~}

Swearta.

gefor. B.

"J

So B. C.

0>ulf. B. C.

-j

"]

f.

46. b.

THE PARKER

50
917.

Her on

Ham tune,

(S)

gere rad se here ut ofer Eastron of

]?ys

3 of Ligera ceastre. 3 brsecon f>one

monige men
seffcer

ra]?e

MS.

Hoc nera tune,

set

J?sem,

swa

o]?re

]?a

j?ser

fri]?.

onbutan

ham comon,

3 J?a

j?a

3 slogon

swrSe

fundon hie

rad ut wi'S Lygtunes, j J?a wurdon J>a


o)?re flocrade, J?set
landleode his ware, 3 him wij? gefuhton, 3 gebrohton
hie on fullum fleame, 3 a hreddon eall J?set hie ge numen
hsefdon, 3 eac hira horsa 3 hira wsepna micelne dsel
:

Her on ]?ysum geare com micel sciphere hider ofer


of
Lidwiccum, 3 twegen eorlas mid, Ohtor 3 Hroald,
su]?an
3 foron west onbutan J?set hie gedydon innan Ssefeme
918.

muj?an, 3 hergodon on Nor]?Wealas seghwser be J?am sse,


hie ]?onne on hagode 3 ge fengon Cameleac 1 biscop on
j?aer
Ircinga felda, 3 lseddon hine mid him to scipum, 3 J?a
;

f.

22.

aliesde

Eadweard cyning hine

eft

mid

xl-

punduw.

2
|

pa

J?am for se here eall up, 3 wolde faran J?a giet on


heYgaJ? wi$ Ircinga feldes ; J?a gemetton J?a men hie of
sefter

Hereforda
3

3 of Gleaweceastre. j of J?am

him wiS gefuhton,

3 hie

niehVtum burgum,

gefliemdon;

3 ofslogon )?one

Hroald 3

eorles bro)?or Ohteres, 3 micel


J?ses o]?res
heres. 3 be drifon hie on anne pearruc, 3 be sseton hie
eorl

J?ses

J^ser

him

sealdon gislas, J?set hie of Eadweardes


utan, o]?J?e
cyninges anwalde afaran woldon ; 3 se cyng hsefde funden
}?set

hie

him mon

saet

on

wi]?

su)?

Ssefern muj?an,

healfe

westan from Wealum, east oj? TCfene mu}?an, )?set hie ne


dorston J?set land nawer ge secan on ]?a healfe
pa be
;

stselon hie hie J?eah nihtes upp set sumum twam cirron, set
oJ?rum cierre be eastan Wseced, 3 set oJ?ruw cierre set Port

locan

pa

slog hie

mon

on weg comon, buton


J?am scipum, 3
Relice,

oj?

]?a

J?one

914.
"J

})ses

pa ^ses

o}>re

]?a

seg]?rum cirre,

ane

\>e

sseton hie ute

first

monige men hungre


(C)

set

geare

J?e

hie

set

ut

set

hira feawa

swummon

to

on j?am iglande set Bradan


swij?e mete lease, 3

wurdon

acwselon,

)>a

J?ser

J?set

for]?on

hie ne

meahton

Eadesbyrig on foreweardne sumor.


4
aet Wseringwicum
J>a

ilcan geres eft on ufeweardne hserfest

THE WORCESTER

MS.

51

(D)

914. Her on gere rad se here ut ofer Eastron of Ham tune "3
of Ligere ceastre. ~) braecon bonne frrS "3 slogon manegan maen
set Hoc cenere tune. 3 baer abuton.
3 ba hwile swy^e ra^e aefter
hi o^re floe rade f rad
fundon
ba
ham
comon.
swa
j>am.
oJ>re
ut wrS Lig tunes. 3 )>a wurdon ba land leode his gewaer. 3 him
wi^ ge fuhton. 3 gebrohton hi on fullan fleame. 3 ahraeddon

f hi ge numen haefdon. 3 eac heora horsa 3 heora waepna


mycelne dael.
915. Her on }>ison geare waes Waerincwic getimbrod. 3 com
mycel sciphere hider ofer suSan of Lio^wicum. 3 -ii- eorlas
5
mid, Ohter 3 Hraold
3 foron ba west abuton f hi gedyde innon
Ssefern muSan. 3 hergodon on NorSWealas. aeghwaer be j)am
sta^um )>83r hi bonne on hagode. 3 ge fengon Camel ge eac
bisceop on Iercinga felda. 3 laeddon hine mid him to scipe. 3
ba alysde Ead weard cyning hine eft mid .xl. pundum. pa aefter
bam ba for se here eall up. j wolde faran ba git on hergea^ wrS
Iercinga feldes. pa gemytton hy of Here forda. 3 of Gleawe ceastre.
3 of bam nyxtan burgum. 3 him wrS ge fuhton 3 hi ge flymdon. 3
eall

f.

47.

of slogon bane eorl Hraold. 3 baes obres eorles brobor Ohteres. 3


mycel baes heres. 3 be drifon hi on anne pearroc. 3 be saeton hi

utan 0$ hi him sealdon gis[las] 6 baet hi of baes cynges anwealde faran woldo[n]. 3 se cyng hsefde funden ]> him mon saet
wi$ [on] suS healfe Saefern muban westan fram We[a]lum, east ob
Afene muban, baet hi nedorsta[n] J^set landnawaern 7 on ba healfe ge
8
secean. p[a] be staelon hi beah nihtes up aet sumum twa[m] cyrrum. 33t obrum cyrre be eastan Weced. ae[t] obrum cyrre aet
Por locan. pa sloh hi mon aet aegberum cyrre, f hyra feawa on
weg comon buton ba ane [^e] baer ut 0^ swymman mihton to bam
9
scipum. 3 ba saeton hi ute on Jiam iglande aet Steapan Reolice 0$
bone fyrst be hi wurdon swy]>e mete lease. 3 manege men hungre
acwaelon, forbon hi ne meahton naenne mete geraecan. foron ba
baer

{Continued on p.

"3

915.

pa

ba

Weard

aet

^aes obre geare

Rum cofan 10
1

byrig.

"3

on ufan midne winter ba

'Sy ilean gere foran to

aet

52.)

Cyric byrig. (C)

middan wintra ba

aet

Camelgeac. B. C.

The

letters

in brackets have

Sir T. D. Hardy thinks that


here, at the top of f. 22. r, there is

been lost on the margin,

another change of hand, and perhaps he is right.


3
baet. B.
oo\ C. D.
4
-wicon. B.
5
mid Hraold. MS.

lens

9
10

With

modern

punctum

under the final n.


altered from bestselan.
So B. C.

Rum-. B.

de-

THE PARKER

52
(a. d. 918.)
f.

22. b.

nanne mete ge

raecan

a ut to Ir|lande. 3
j?

foran

MS.

J?onan to

J?a

Deomodum,

on haerfest; 3

waes

)?is

i(K)

}?a

aefter

J?am on j?am ilcan gere foran to Martines maessan, fta for


Eadweard cyning to Buccingaliamme' mid his firde,
sa3t
feower
worhte
buta on aeg]?ere
wucan, 3 ge
J?aer
J?a burga
healfe eas aer he J?onon fore
hine ge sohte
eorl
3 pureytel
~]

him

to hlaforde, 3 J?a holdas ealle, 3 ]?a ieldstan men ealle


maeste 3e to Bedan forda hierdon, 3 eac monige J?ara )?e to

Hamtune
919.

hierdon 1

Her on

gere

J?ys

Eadweard cyng

for

mid

fierde to

Bedan forda foran to Martines maessan, 3 be get ]?a burg,


him cirdon to maest ealle J?a burg ware ]?e hie aer budon,
he

saet

healfe

J?aer

J?aere

feower wucan, 3 het atimbran


eas aer he J?onan fore

]?a

burg on

3
3

suj?

Her on J?ys gere foran to middum sumera for Ead


weard cyning to Maeldune, 3 getimbrede J?a burg 3 ge sta'Solode aer he )?onon fore ;/ 3 J?y ilcan geare for pur cy tel
eorl ofer sa3 on Froncland. mid
J?am mannum J?e him
gelaestan woldon. mid Eadweardes cynges fri]?e J fultume.
920.

{Continued on p.

f.47.b.

(D) tanon to Deomedum.

"J

banon to Yr lande.
|

"]

bis wses

53.)

on hserfest.

bam on bam

ilcan geare foran to Martines msessan.


ba for Eadweard cyning to Buccinga hamme mid his fyrde. "J sset
bser feower wucan. 3 ge worhte ba byrig buta on segbser healfe eas
J ba sefter

ser
"3

he tanon

msenege
f.i40.b.(C)

fore.

ba eorlas ealle.

916.

"]

bsera be to

"J

pureytel eorl hine ge sohte him to hlaforde.


mam be to Beda forda hyrdon. "J eac

ba yldestan

Hamtune hyrdon 2

Her wses 3 Ecgbriht abbud unscyldig ofslegen foran

to

mid-

dan sumera. on xvi. kt ivt. by ilcan dsege wses see Ciricius tid bses
mid his geferum. "J ^ses embe breo niht sende iEbelflsed
fyrde on Wealas. ] abrsec Brecenan mere "J bser genam ^aas cinges

^roweres.

wif feower J ^ritiga sume.


1
At this point B. and C. insert
the Mercian register of the years
902-924 which is given above.
a
The annals 917, 918, 919, 921

have been borrowed by D direct


from the ' Mercian Register.' They
are therefore omitted here from D.
3

wearS. B.

THE PARKER

MS.

53

(ft)

921.

Her on ]?ysum gere

cyning het ge faran

foran to Eastron
set

Eadweard

Tofe ceastre. 3 hie ge

)?a burg
timbran ;/ 3 ]?a eft setter J?am on J?am ilcan geare to gang
dagum he het a timbran J?a burg set Wiginga mere
py ilcan sumera be twix hlaf msessan j middum sumera
|

(a.d. 921.)
f.

23.

f.

23. b.

se here brsec J?one

frij?

of

Ham tune,

3 of Ligera ceastre, 3

J?onan nor]?an, 3 foron to Tofe ceastre, } fuhton on


ealne dseg, 3 J?ohton J?set hie hie sceolden abrecan

J?a
;

burg

ac hie

)?eah awerede J?set folc J?e J?ser binnan wa3S oJ> him mara
fultum to com, } hie forleton J?a ]?a burg, 3 foron aweg
j
eft
sefter
swiSe
hie
foron
eft
ut
mid
stael
J>am
J?a
ra]?e
herge
;

comon on ungearwe men, j genomon unlytel,


ge on mannum, ge on ierfe. be tweox Byrne wuda

nihtes, 3
segj?er

"j

iEgles byrig.

py

ilcan

for se

sij?e

here of Huntandune, ^ of East

Englum, 3 worhton J?set geweorc set Tcemese forda, 3 hit


budon 3 bytledon, 3 forleton j?set oJ?er a3t Huntandune, 3
}?ohton fset hie sceoldon banon of mid gewinne 3 mid
un frrSe eft J?ses landes mare ge rsecan ;/ j foran J>set hie ge
dydon set Bedan forda, j J?a foran J;a men ut ongean ]?e )?8er
binnan wseron, 3 him wij? ge fuhton, 3 hie ge fliemdon, 3
hira
|

godne

dcel

of slogon./

pa
ge gadorode micel here hine of
1
East Englum 3 of Mercnalande, 3 foran to J?sere byrig set
Wiginga mere, 3 ymb sseton hie utan, 3 fuhton lange on
eft sefter J?am j?a giet

dseg on, j

namon

J?one ceap

on butan

j J?a

men aweredon

(Continued on p.

917.

Her jEJjelflcfid Myrcna

to hlaef msessan

Gode

fultuni gendum foran


(C)
eallum bam ^e bser to hyrde,

hlaefdige

begeat ba burh mid

be ys haten Deoraby 4 bser 5 wseron eac ofslegene


feower ^e hire be sorge wseron binnan bam gatum.
.

hyre begna

(Continued on p.

The scribe after this wrote,


of EastEnglum, and then erased
1

dum. D.
3
4

it.

fultmigendum.

B.

fultumien-

54.)

hlam-. D.
altered from Deoreby.

5
"]

\'xt.

B.

57.)

THE PARKER

54

MS.

(R)

burg J?e ]?3er binnan waeron, j J?a forleton bie J?a


burg 3 foron aweg.
pa sefter ];am )>3es ilcan sumeres gegadorode micel folc
hit on Eadweardes cynges anwalde. of J?am niehstum bur-

(a.d. 921.) ]>eah J?a

gefaran mebte, 3 foron to Tcemese forda.


1
3 besaeton #a burg, "j fuhton "Seer on c3 hi hie abrsecon
3 of slogon ]?one cyning, 3 Toglos eorl, j Mannan eorl his

gum,

bit "Sa

J?e

hie
binnan wseron,
wergan woldon, 3 namon ]?a o|?re 3 eal j?aet )?3er binnan waes./
pa 3efter ]?am J?ses forhra]?e gegadorode micel folc hit on
hserfest, aegj?er ge of Cent, ge of SuJ?rigum, ge of East
Seaxum, ge seghwonan of J?am nihstum burgum^j foron to

sunu, j his bro^or, 3 ealle

Colne ceastre, 3
f.

24.

hie

j?a J?e J>aer

ymb sseton

burg, 3

J?a

Jjset

J?ser

folc call of slogon, 3

geeodon, 3 J>set
binnan wses, but on J>am
J?ser

]?a

"j

mannum

on fuhton
ge namon

J?e J?3er oj?

o]>

eal

flugon

ofer J?one weall./

J?am J?a giVt }>3es ilcan hserfestes gegadorode


micel here hine' of East Englum. 9eg)?er ge J^ses landheres

pa

sefter

ge

J?ohton

J?aet

him

to fultume aspanen hsefdon, 3


hie sceoldon ge wrecan hira teonun, 3 foron to

wicinga

J?ara

J?e

hie

Mseldune, ^ ymbsaeton

)?a

burg, 3 fuhton J?a?ron,

burgwarum com mara fultum

o]>

J?am

to utan tohelpe, 3 forlet se

burg, 3 for fram; 3 J?a foron J?a men sefter ut of


eac J>a ]?e him utan comon to fultume, 3
J?sere byrig, 3
gefliemdon J?one here j of slogon hira monig hund, seg)?er

here

J>a

manna ge

ge

sesc

J?a

hwile pe

o]?errar
hserfestes for Ead weard
for
pa J?ses
hra]?e J>aes ilcan
to
Passan hamme, j saet )?3er
cyning mid West Sexna fierde

wealle,

"j

him

mon worhte

J?a

burg

a3t

cirde to purfer]? eorl, 3

Tofe ceastre mid stan

J?a

holdas, 3 eal se here


{Continued on p.

1...1

This passage, gefaran


abis in a different and inferior
hand.
After abrsecon there is a
.

rsecon,

long erasure, as if the original scribe


had scratched out his predecessor's

55.)

work and resumed the pen himself,


In fact in some places the old writing can be traced letter for letter
under the new.

THE LAUD
Her
921. Her
918.

55

(E)

Myrcena

hlsefdige.

~w

Sihtric cyng ofsloh Niel his bro}>or.

to hlaforde J to
3 j?a se fird

Ham tune

to

J?e

vESelflsed forSferde

MS.

hierde nor]? op Weolud, 3 sohton hine

mund boran

stemn

for
|

him

(a.d. 921.)

ham,

J?a

ut j ge for

for oJ?er

)?a

f.

24. b.

geedneowade )>3er
burg set Huntandune, 3 hie gebette
heo er to brocen webs, be E'ad weardes cyninges haase,
"j

~}

folc eal J?aet J?ser to lafe wees J?ara


J?aet

land leoda beag to

Ead wearde cyninge j sohton his frij? 3 his mund byrde.


pa giet aefter j?am j?ses ilcan geres foran to Martines
msessan for Ead wear d' cyning mid West Sexna fierde to
v

Colneceastre, ~] gebette )?a burg 3 geedneowade J?a?r heo


to brocen wses, 3 him cirde micel folc to, segj?er ge on

ski

EastEnglum, ge on East Seaxum,


walde wses
annesse,
frij?ian

J>set

woldon

ser

under Dena an

East Englum him swor

3 eal se here on
hie eal past woldon

J?e

J?set

he wolde, 3

eall

J?aet

cyng frij?ian wolde, segj?er ge on see,


J?set
3 se here J?e to Grantan brycge hierde hine
se

ge on lande
to mund boran, j ]?aet
geces synderlice him to hlaforde
faestnodon mid ajmm. swa swa he hit ]?a ared.
922. 1 Her on ftysum gere betweox 2 gangdaguw j
;

~]

Eadweard cyng mid firde to Stean


het gewyrcan fta burg on su3 healfe "Ssere eas, 3

mid d'an sumera


forda. 3

fet
to,

~]

for

sohtan hine

him

)?erranbyrig hierde. him beah


to hlaforde. "j J?a on J?3em setle 'Se he

folc eal "Se to ftsere nor|

fser saat, J?a

ge

for iEj?elflaed his swystar set

nihtxwi

ser

middum sumera
him cierde

xii-

Tame worbige,

~\

Tame worjnge

3 J?a gerad he j?a burg set


eall se J?eodscype on

to

under J?eoded wees, 3 J?a


cyningas on NorbWealum, Howel, 3 Cledauc, 3 IeoJ>wel
lande

Myrcna

J?e

iEJjelflsede

ser

{Continued on p.
1

in

Here

MS.

there

is

a change of hand

7f.

2
The scribe at first omitted the
in betweox, and then inserted it
wrongly before the t.

56.)

Here there is another change of


hand, which may be the resumption
of the

work by the

last scribe

one after the interval of four

but

lines,

f.

25.

THE PARKER

56

MS.

()

Nor)?Weall cyn hine sohton him to hlaforde. pa for


he J?onan to Snotinga ham 3 ge for J?a burg, 3 het hie ge
betan 3 gesettan. aeg]?er ge mid Engliscum mannu^, ge
"j

eall

mid Deniscum

him

cierde eall

J?set

folc to

J?e

on Mercna

lande ge seten waes, a?g]?er ge Denisc ge Englisce.


923. Her on J?ysum geare for Eadweard cyning mid

on ufan

fierde

haerfest to

burg, 3 ge settan, 3 ge mannian

Miercna

hwile

J?eode j?a

het ge wyrcan J?a


3 het o)?re fierd eac of

pel wsele,

J?e

ceaster on Nor]? hymbrum, 3


Her for]) ferde Plegemund arcebisceop.

"j

gefaran Mame
v
hie ge betan y ge mannian.

he

J?ser

saet

Her on ]?ysum gere foran to middum sumera for


to Snotinga ham, 3 het
Eadweard cyning mid fierde
924.

f.

25. b.

ge wyrcan J?a burg on sub healfe J?a?re eas, ongean J?a oj?re,
"j
3 J?a brycge ofer Treontan be twix bam twam burgum
for ]?a ]?onan on Peac lond to Badecan wiellon, j het ge
;

wyrcan ane burg J?ser on neaweste, 3 ge mannian


ge ces ]?a to feeder 3 to hlaforde Scotta cyning
;

Scotta beod
Nor]?

925

arcebiscop rice

1 See

for]? ferde, 3

Dunstan wear's akaenned.

on Cantuare

Thisannal has been crossed out,


by a later hand no doubt
because of the mention of Edward's
death in the next annal.
3
et a Streclsede rege Uualorum.
;

F. Lat.
4

fultome. D.

gesimbsumlice. B. om. D.
Ligran-. D.
Legra-. B.

hyre under J>eod. D.

*)

Wulfelm feng

to

\an

rsedinge. D.

J>us. D.
nihtum. B. D. pridie ID IUNII.
add. D.
u Tain weortfe. B. D.
10

26.

I think

iEbelstan his sunu

byri.

1
Here half a page is left blank,
and a new hand begins at the top
f.

on

feng to rice.

of

J?a]?e

bugea]?, segj?er ge Englisce, ge Denisce, ge


eac Straecled Weala cyning, 3 ealle
o]?re ; 3

Wealas 1
Her Eadweard cing

Strsecled
26.

"J

eall

hymbrum

Nor]? men, ge
f.

3 Rsegnald,

Eadulfes suna, 3 ealle

3 hine

12

13

innan. D.
dohtar. B.

-er.

D.

14

This annal (921) is not in B.


15
on. B.
16
heora lie licgao B.
w -<E))estan. B.
* An asterisk here in the
MS.,
1

perhaps to mark lacuna.

THE LAUD
923.

MS.

Her Regnold cyng gewan

57

(E)

Eoferwic.

924. [Her ^Edward cyning forftferde. j iEJ>elstan his sunu


2

feng to rice]
925. Her Wulfelm biscop wes gehalgod.
.

^Edward cyning
924.

Her

wear])

of Scottacinge

brum

"J

~\

Eadward cing gecoren

of Scotton.

*]

to fsedere

Regnolde cinge

eac Streaclede Wsela cinge

geare

~]

~\

to hlauorde (F)

"J

of eallum

f.

57.

NorShum

of eallon Streclsed Wealan.

Her Eadward cing forbferde.


iE^estan
rice.
Wulfelm wear}) gehadod to arb to Cant'

925.
to

]>y ilcan

"j

forSferde.

"J

"]

his sunu feng

S.

Dunstanus

was geboren.
923.
924.

Her Regnold cyning ge wan Eofor wic.


Her Eadweard cyning gefor on Myrcum

(D)
get

Farndune.

~]

JElfweard his sunu swybe hra^e bses gefor ymbe -xvi. dagas set
Oxanforda. *] hyra lie li aet Wintan ceastre. "J iEbelstan wses gecoren to cynge of Myrcum. "J set Cynges tune gehalgod. ~] he geaf his
sweostor Ofsse Eald Seaxna cynges suna.

Her iEbelstan cyning J


gesamnodon set Tame weorSbige.
sweostor him forgeaf.
925.

NorShymbra cyng heo


K Februarius. iEbelstan his

Sihtric

iii-

f.

48. b.

"J

hire geweald mid Godes fultume 4 on fore (C)


weardne gear gesybsumlice 5 ba burh set Ligra ceastre 6 "J se msesta
7
dsel bses herges be ^ser to hirde wearS under beoded
hsefdon eac
"]
918.

Her heo begeat on

Eforwicingas hire gehaten. "J sume onwedde geseald. sume mid


8
Ac swrSe
gefsestnod f hi on hyre rsedenne beon woldon.
9
hi
bses
hrsedlice
^e
bses geworden hsefde heo gefor. xii. nihtun 10
u
ser middan sumera. binnan Tama weorbige
y eahtoban geare
bses ^e heo Myrcna anweald mid riht hlaford dome healdende
12
wses. 3 hyre lie li^ binnan Gleawcestre on
bam east portice see

abum

'

Petres cyrcean.
919. Her eac wearS iEbelredes dohtor 13 Myrcna hlafordes selces

Myrcum benumen, ~] on West Sexe aleded. brim


middan wintra. seo wses haten iElfwyn.
Her Eadweard cing getimbrede ba burh set Cledemuban 14
Her Eadweard cing gefor on Myrcum set Feamdune. "J

anwealdes on

wucum
921.

924.

ser

iElfwerd his sunu swrSe hra^e bses gefor. set 15 Oxnaforda. "J hira
16
17
set Wintan ceastre. "J iEbelstan
wses of Myrcum gecoren

lie li$
I

to cinge.

~}

set

Cingestune gehalgod.

"J

he geaf his sweostor*.

f.

141.

THE PARKER

58

93 1 1

(S)

Her mon hadode Byrnstan

ceastre

MS.

-iiii-

kl

iunii.

bisceop to Wintan
he heold J?ridde healf gear bis dom.

~}

Her for]? ferde Frybe stan bisceop.


933. Her for iEJ?elstan cyning in on Scotland, a?g]?er ge
mid land here, ge mid scyp here, his micel ofer hergade.
j Byrnstan bisp for)? ferde on Wintan ceastre. to Omnium
932.

"j

Scorum.
934.
937.

Her feng iElfheah bisp.


Her iEJ?elstan cyning

to bisceopdome.
eorla dryhten

beorna beah gifa

Eadmund
geslogon

j his brobor eac

saecce

3
.

afaran

sweorda ecgum
bord weal clufan
4

heowan heabo linde

Eadweardes.

hord

hamas

Sceotta leoda 8
faege feollan.
f.

hi

"p

aet

oft

campe
6

land ealgodon
hettend 7 crungun

3 scip flotan
feld da3nnede 9
.

10
secgas hwate

'

sunne up
on morgentid maere tungol
glad ofer grundas Godes condel beorht
11
oft
sio aej?ele gesceaft
eces Drihtnes

26. b.

hamora lafan
swa him geaej?ele wses

from cneo maegum


wib la]?ra gehwaene

ymbe BruVnan burh


5

'

ealdor langne tir

seeding,
aet

"

sr$J?an

sah

to setle

garum ageted

paer laeg secg ma3nig


12

'

guma

ofer scild scoten.

norberna

(!).
2

This song is preserved in five


out of the seven MSS. viz., 7C. A.
(W.)B. C. D. The later Chronicles
E. and F. omit it. Yet see note 18.
3
geslogan aet sake. B. geslohgon

ran.

W.

heowan

lafum. D.

heaftolinda

hamera

eaforan. B.

D.

'

aforan.

C.

eofo-

gealgodon. D.

heted. D.
crungon Scotta leode. B. C. D.
dennade. B. C.
dennode. D.

swilce Scittisc eac

1
As to the numbering of the
annals here, see note on a. D. 893

aet secce.

dynede.
10

u
12

W.

secga swate. B. C. D.

seo.

B.

garum forgrunden. B.

THE LAUD
Her

927.

Wulfelm

iEJ>elstan cyning
arct) for to Rom.

MS.

59

(E)

fordraf

GiuSfriS

cyng. j

her

928. Willtf/m suscepit regnura. et xv annis regnauit.

933 13 Her adranc ^Edwine

sefteling

on

see.

f.

35. b.

Her for JEf>elstan cyning on Scotland, ge mid land


14
here, ge mid sciphere. j his mycel oferhergode
937. Her ^ESelstan cyning laedde fyrde to Brunanbyrig.
934.

Her iESestan cing fordraf GubfrrS

927.

ferde to

Rome

cing. J her

Wulfelm arb (F)

f-57-b.

15
.

Willelmus 16 feng to Normandi. "J heold xv. gear.


931. Her forSferde FrrSestan ft Wentan'. 3 Byrnstanws wearS
gebletsod on his loh.
934. Her for iE^estan cing to Scotlande mid land here ge mid
928.

17

sciphere. 3 his mycel ouer hergode .


935. Her feng ^Elfeah to K stole on

Wine 18
Eadmund his

to

Her iE^estan cing ("J


broker) lsedde fyrde
Brunan byri 19 "J bar ge feht wrS Anelaf.
Xpe fultumegende

937.

sige hsefde.

("J

f.

58.

"J

bar ofslogan

.v.

cingas

"J

-viii.

eorlas

20
.)

Her 0^ eowdon fyrena leoman on norS dsele baere lyfte. "} (D)
^Ebelstan cyning feng to NorS hymbra rice. ~\ ealle
ba cyngas be on byssum iglande waeron he ge wylde. aerest Huwal
926.

Sihtric acwael.

WestWala

"J

Cosstantin Scotta cyning. "J Uwen Wenta


cyning. 3 Ealdred Ealdulfing from Bebban byrig. 3 mid wedde ~\
mid abum fryb gefaestnodon, on baere stowe be genemned is sat Ea
motum. on .iiii. idus Iulii. 3 aelc deofol geld to cwaedon. "J sybbam
mid sibbe to cyrdon T

Her

934.
here.

"J

his

cyning.

~)

for iEbelstan cyning on Scotland


14
mycel ofer hergode."

13
The annal 931 is entered twice,
once at the bottom of f. 35 r, and
again at the top of f. 35 v.
14
Here B. and C. fall in once
more with the general course of
the history.
15
pro pallio. add. F. Lat.

16

The

Saxon
above

scribe at first forgot his


version, and then inserted it
the line, so that the word

mid here ge mid

Willelmus does duty both


Latin and the Saxon entry.
17

et

scip

for the

Byrnstanus episcopus Uuen-

toniensis obiit. add. F. Lat.


18
Here half a page is left blank in

F.
19

et

Hie factum est illud magnum


famosum bellum in Brunanbyri.

F. Lat.
20
comites. F. Lat.

THE PARKER

6o

MS.

(25)

1
Wes Seaxe forS
werig wiges ssed
eorod cistum 2
ondlongne daeg
on last legdun la]?um feodum
*

'

heowan herefleman

hindan

mecum mylen scearpan 4


heeardes 5 hondplegan
6
J?ae

on

mid

TCnlafe

bosme

lides

]?earle

Myrce ne wyrndon

hselejja

fife

lsegun

cyninges

aswefede.

giunge

swilce seofene eac

manna bregu 12
*

nede gebeded 13
weorode

litle

on fealene nod 15
Swilce

J?8er

cyJ^J?e

hilde ring

beslagen

a3t

'

mid fleame com

'

Costontinus

man ne

'

'

]?orfte

he waes 18 his msega sceard


on folcstede

saecce

"j

sunu

his

forlet

'

(Continued on p.

wigges. B. C.

andlangne daeg eored cystum.

30

B. C. D.
3
here flyman. B. here flymon.
heora flyman. D. herefliman.
C.

11

-gag.

W.
4

scearpum. B. C.

mycel scear-

pum. D.
5

heardes. B. C. D.

)>e.
7

W.

heordes.

the true reading.


6
>ara 0s. B. C.
>e. W.

ltyes.

16

D.

iunga.

unrim herges. C.
12
brego. B. C. D.
13
neade gebseded.
gebaided. B.
C. D.
nyde.
14
cnear on. W. B. C.
Great. D.
flod. D.
15
flod. D. om. (due
cyning

J>sera

ear-.

61.)

"j

17

B. C. D. W.
W. B. C.

geonge.

to recurrence of the

D.

ear ge bland. B. C.
geblond. W.

freonda gefylled
19

cyning ut gewat
feorh generede

lire

msecan 17 gemanan.

eac sefroda

nor$

cread cnea ren not 14

har

to lides stefne

16

10

unrim heriges H
Sceotta.
paer ge flemed wearS

"j

on his

eorlas ^inlafes

NoriS

ge bland
land gesohtun

on J?am campstede

flotan

nanum

ofer sera

faege to gefeohte.

sweordum

18
19

D.
mecea. B.

word flod).

hal.

meca. C. mecga. D.
her wses. B. C.
C.
forslegen, B.
beslegen.

beslaegen.

D.

THE PARKER

MS.

on wsel stowe 1 wundun

fer

grunden
3
gelpan ne j?orfte

set girSe.

giungne

61

(S)

bil geslehtes
beorn blanden feax
4
ne Tfnlaf \j ma.
eald inwidda
mid heora herelafusw hlehhan ne |?orftun
beteran wurdun
heo 5 beaduweorca
j?
.

cumbel

uel

culbod 6 gehnades
gumena gemotes
garmittinge
7
hi on waelfelda
wsepengewrixles
J?ses
afaran plegodan.
wi)? Eadweardes
*

on campstede

'

Gewitan him

Nor'J/men megled cnearrum


on dinges 9 mere
'

J>a
'

8
.

'

dreorig daraftalaf
Difelin 10 secan
ofer deop waeter

eft hira

Swilce

land 11

sewiscmode.

Wesseaxena land

wiges hramige

Letan him behindan

saluwigpadan
hyrnednebban

'

aeses

brucan

"j

Ne

aefer

eiglande

hrse bryttian

hasewan

j ]?ane

12

sweartan hra3fn

J?one

grsedigne gir$ hafoc


wulf on wealde.
]?is

'

earn seftan hwit

on

f.

cyning

begen setsamne
ge broker
sohton
seeding
cyj?)?e

J?a

J?aet

14

13
.

'

padan

grsege deor

wearS

15

wsel

mare

gieta
(Continued on p.

1
2

stole. W.
wundum forgrunden. W.

iges.
10

B. C.

D.

D. dinnes. W.
Dyflen. B. Dyflin. C.

62.)

Dyflig.

D.
3

4
5
8

W. B. C. D.
inwitta. B. C.
inwuda.
hi.-C. D.
hie. W. B.

gylpan.

cumbel.

D.

]>e
8

adds D.

negled. C.

dseggledongarum.

D.
9

dynge8. B.

dinges. C.

W.

12

W. cumbol gehnastes.

B. C. D.
7

1 heora land.
Yraland. C. D.

dyn-

Ira land. B.

hremige. B. C. D. hreamie. W.
hraw bryttigean. B. hia brittihraefn
gan. C. hra bryttinga. D.
Bryttian. W.
li
hasu. C. D. haseati.
haso. B.
13

W.
u

sefre.

B. C. D.

27.

THE PARKER MS.

62

folces gefylled

beforan

sweordes ecgum.

'

}?issu?#

us secgaft bee
eastan hider

)?e

J?aes

u$ witan.

ealde

(ft)

'

si)?J?an

upbecoman
Engle j Seaxe
1
ofer brad brim u
Brytene sohtan
Weealles 2 ofer coman
wlance wig smrSas

'

'

arbwate

eard begeataN.
Her ^Ej?elstan cyning forSferde 4 on -vi- kl nov'.
941
6
ymbe -xli* wintra butan anre niht )?a?s J?e Alfred cyning
eorlas

for]?

3 Eadmund sealing feng to rice. 3 he wees J?a


wintre. } ^Ebelstan cyning rixade -xiiii gear 3 *x 6

ferde

xviii*

pa was Wulfelm

WUCan.
'

942

J
.

arcebixcop on Cant.

Her Eadmund cyning Engla J?eoden


7
maga mundbora Myrce geeode
swa Dor scadej?
dyre daedfruma
Hwitan wylles geat 3 Humbra 8 ea
,

brada brim stream

burga

fife

'

Ligora ceaster

3 Lindcylene

9
,

3 Snotingaha^
swylce Stanford eac
11
10
Deoraby, Dsene wa?ran asr
[j]
,

12
under NorSmannum
nyde gebegde
on haj>enra 13 ha;fte clommum
,'

lange J>raga

14
;

oJ>

for his weorj? scipe


afera 15 Eadweardes
f.

27. b.

16

hie alysde
,

effc

wiggendra hleo

Eadmund cyning

fulluhte. 3 hy ylecan geare


onfeng
cyninge
17
he onfeng Raegenolde 18 cyninge t
ymbtelamicelfa?c
ffirilafe

set

bisceopes handa
943. [Her Eadmund cing
sySSan

serest

abbud

weai-ft

S.

arcebisceop.

Dunstane Glaes]tingeberig betaehte

Saer he

19
.

Her Eadmund cyning geeode eal NorJ?hymbra


land him to ge wealdan 20 3 aflymde ut twegen cyningas,
TTnlaf Syh trices sunu, 3 Ksegenald Gu3fer]?es sunu 21
945. Her Eadmund cyning oferhergode eal Cumbra land.
22
Malculme 23 Scotta cyninge. on f gerad 24
3 hit let to eal
on sie ge on landed
p he wa3re his midwyrhta seg]?er ge
944.

THE LAUD
Her iESelstan cyning

940.

MS.

63

(E)

forSferde. 3 feng

iEdmund

to rice

his bro&or.

Her

942.
cepit

Et Ricardus uetus

Aiilaf cyning forSferde.

regnum.

Her ^Edmund cyning geeode

944.

sus-

et regnauit an -Hiealle

NorShymbre. 3 ut

26
aflymde twegen cyneborene meen Anlaf 3 Regnald
945. Her ^Edmund cyning oferhergode eall Cumbra land.
.

D. 940.

(X. 941.)

Her NorShymbra alugon hira getreowa^a. "J Anlaf of


Yrland him to cinge gecuron.
Eadmund cyning.
942. Her Eadmund cyning
(K)
943. Her Anlaf abraec Tame wurbe. ~\ micel wael gefeol on
micele here hube mid him
aegbra hand, "J ba Denan sige ahton.
Wulfrun
on baere hergunge r
waes
baer
laeddon.
genumen
aweg
Her Eadmund cyning ymbsaet Anlaf cyning. ~] Wulfstan arcebiscop on Legra ceastre. ~\ he hy ge wyldan meahte. naere $ hi
941.

aet

ba Anlafe cyninge
ilcan geare

ymbe

freondscipe. ")
wihte. "} he

him

aet ful

taela

mycelne

fyrst

aefter

"]

se

cynelice gyfode.

"J

Dy

he onfeng Regnalde cyninge

bisceopes handa.

aet

944
1

945 (K).

(S).

brade. B. C. D.

W.

brymum brad.

u
15

17

Wealas. B. C. D.
Altered into 940 and 941 respectively ; see note on 893 (K),

18
4

on Gleawe

altered into xl.,


reading of B. C. D.
6
teon. D.
7

J>a.
8

D.
which

ceastre.

maecgea. B.

xli.

W.

mecga. C.

is

the

F.

maeg-

D.

Humbran. B.
Hunbran. C.
Himbran. D.
9
The d has been erased, and the
is

a correction.

Lindkylne. B.

Lindcylne. C. Lincolne. D.
" l. B. C. D.
11
Denum. B.
Dene. W. C.
waeron aeror. B. C. D.
13
gebseded. B. gebaeded. C. D.
13
haej>enum. B.

>rage. W. B. C. D.
eafora. B.
afora. C. D.
Anlafes. B.
Onlafes. C.

mycelne

ferst.

supra.

baem begeat Anlaf


cyning Eadmund onfeng

burston of baere byrig.

Eadmundes cynges

50.

f.

50. b.

~\

on niht ut ne

t.

B.

fyrst.

micelne

C.

Rajgnoldes. B. C.

Her Eadmund cing be taehte


Glaestingaberi S. Dunstane. Sar he
siSSan aerest abbod wearS. Insertion on top margin of F. No corresponding Latin.
30
gewealde. W. B. C. D.
19

Cf.

21

Here something has been


and then erased.

in-

terpolated
32

So

W.

eall to. B. C.

D.

23*Malculfe.
24

gearaed.
25

Her

D.
D.

Here on margin, very


forS ferde.

W.

Reagnold.

F.

26

Lat.

faint,

Isa (?)

(Reinold).

F.

THE PARKER

64

MS.

()

Her Eadmund cyning forSferde on Scs TCgustinus

946.

msesse dsege. 3 he hsefde rice seofobe healf gear

Eadred

sebeling his brobor to rice,


land him to ge wealde. 3 Scottas

"3

feng

3 J?a

gerad eal NorJ? hymbra

him

aj?as sealdan,

)?

hie

woldan eal f he wolde 1


95 1 Her forbferde iElf heah Wintan ceastres bisc on
.

See Gregories maessedseg 2


955. Her forbferde Eadred cining. on See Clementes
maesse dseg on Frome, 3 he rixsade teobe healf gear
3 ba
feng Eadwig to rice. Eadmundes snnu cinges.
.

f.

28.

956.

"j

aflsemde See

Her

958.

Dunstan ut oflande 3

forbferde

4
Eadwig cyng on

gar his bro$or feng to


959.
"J

51.

(D)

rice

Her he saeVte

"Sser aefter "p t> rice

kt Octobr.

Ead-

:>

efter See Dunstane.


on Lundene 5

~j

gsef

him

Drice on Wigracsestre,

Her Eadmund cyning forSferde on See Agustinus msessedsege ]> wses wide cu^. hu he his dagas ge endode. f Liofa hine
ofstang set Puclan cyrcan. "3 iEbelfLed set Domerhame, iElfgares
946.

dohter ealdormannes, wses ba his cwen. "3 he hsefde rice. seofVSe


healf gear, "j ba sefter him feng Eadred sebeling his brobor to rice.
ba eall NorS hymbra land him to gewealde "3 ba Scottas
"3 gerad
.

him sealdon abas, f hi eall woldon ^set he wolde.


947. Her com Eadred cyning to Taddenesscylfe. "3 bser Wulstan
se arcebiscop. "3 ealle NorShymbra witan wrS bone cyning hi getrebinnan litlan fsece hit eall alugon, ge wed. "3 eac abas.
948. Her Eadred cyning oferhergode eall NorS hymbra land, for
bsem be hi hsefdon genumen him Yryc to cyninge. 3 ba on bsere
hergunge wses $ msere mynster forbsernd set Rypon, ]> See WilferS
getimbrede. "3 ba se cyning ham weard wses. ba of ferde se here innan
Heofor wic, wses bses cynges fyrde hindan set Ceaster forda. "3
bser mycel wsel geslogon r Da wearS se cyning swa gram f he
wolde eft infyrdian. "3 bone eard mid ealle fordon. pa Nor5 hymbra
witan f ongeaton, ba forlseton hi Hyryc. "3 wr$ Eadred cyning

owsoden.

f.

51. b.

~J

gebeton ba dsede.
952. Her on byssum geare het Eadred cyning gebringan Wulstan
arcebiscop in Iudanbyrig on bsem fsestenVe. forbsem he wses oft
to bam cyninge for wreged. "3 on byssum geare eac het se cyning
ofslean mycel wsel on bsere byrig peot forda on bses abbodes wrece

Eadelmes be hi

ser

ofslogon.

THE LAUD

MS.

65

(E)

Her ^Edmund cyning wearS ofstungen. 3 feng iEdred his


to rice, j he sona gerad eall NorShymbra land him to ge

948.
brotfor

wealde. 3 Scottas him aSas sworon f hi eall wolden f he wolde'


949. Her com Anlaf Cvviran on NorShymbra land.

952

Her NorShymbre

Anlaf cyning, 3

fordrifan

under

f.

36.

fengon Yric Haroldes sunu.

Her NorShymbre

954.

Yric.

fordrifon

iEdred feng to

rice.

NortShymbra

Her iEdred cyning forSferde. "j feng Eadwig


Eadmundes sunu.
956. Her fortSferde Wulstan arcb.
959. Her Eadwig cyning forSferde. 3 feng Eadgar his
955.

to riCC

to rice

brotSor

(Continued on p.

954.

66.)

Her NorShymbre fordrifon Yric.


Eadred feng to NorS (D)
Her Wulstan arcebiscop onfeng eft biscop rices
rice.
"J

hymbra

on Dorce ceastre.
955.
stere

Her

8
.

"J

forS ferde Eadred cyning. 3 he rest on


Eadwig feng to West Seaxena rice "J

brobor feng to Myrcena rice.


cyninges. "J See iElfgyfe.
957.

"J

EaldanmynEadgar his
hi weeron Eadmundes suna

Her forSferde Wulf stan arcebiscop. on

.xvii.

kt Ianuar'. 3

he wses bebyrged on Undelan. "J on bam ylcan geare waes Dunstan abb adraefed ofer sse.
958. Her on bissum geare Oda arce biscop to twsemde Eadwi
cyning

iElgyfe. for))8em be hi wseron to gesybbe.

"]

C. 956. Her forS ferde Eadred cing. 3 Eadwig feng to rice.


Her Eadgar aebeling feng to Myrcna rice.
959. Her for$ ferde Eadwig cing. *J Eadgar his bro^or feng to
rice. seg^Ser ge on West seaxum. ge on Myrcum. ge on NorS
hym-

B.

and

957.

brum. J he waes ba
1

-xvi.

wintre.

Two and

a half lines added here


and then erased. On the margin
against the annals 948-9, Her forS
ferde

F. Lat. is the only other


which has this entry.

MS.

3
Cf. F. ( 9?5 )
he aflymde S.
Dunstan ut of lande. Then as a foot:

4
"J

rice
rice
6

')

note F. has the further entry 956.


Her waes Dunstan abb frara Edwie
cing adriuen ut of Engla lande.

Eadgar cing wear])

sefter

him

ouer eal Brytene. F.


5
Cf. F. 959.
Her Eadgar sende
after S. Dunstane. 1 gif him i> b.

on Wigar ceastre. sy])J)an ^ b.


an Lundene.
quod quidquid uellet facerent.
~\

F. Lat.
7

f.

with 951.
Winceastre. F.

36. begins

aet (?)

f.

52.

THE PARKER

66

Her ge wat Odo

961.

Her

962.

arcet),

forSferde

*j

MS.

(S)

See Dunstan feng to arcebrice 1

iElfgar cinges mseg on Defenuw,


cyning hine of feoll,

j his lie rest on Wiltune.


3 SigferS
his
lie
set
Wimbnrnan.
j
j J?a
lig'S

ongeare wses swi'Se


micel man cwealm, 3 se micela man biyne wses on Lundene,
j Paules mynster forbarn. j )?y ilean geare wearS eft
:>

gestaj>elad

On
3

geare for 7Cj?elmod msesse preost to


forS ferde. xviii kt Septemb :>

J>ys ilean

J?ser

Her

963.

Rome,

forSferde Wulfstan diacon on Cilda msessedsege,


Gyric maesse preost :>

3 sefter J?on forft ferde

On

geare feng 2j?elwold abbod to )?8em bisceop


rice to Wintan ceastre. 3 hine mon gehalgode in uigilia
Sci 3!ndree. waes sunnan da3g on daeg :,
J?ys ilean

On

(E)

his dagura hit

God him

J>a

godode georne.
wunode on

geuoe, f he
hwile pe he leofode.
,

3 he dyde, swa

He

.arerde

sibbe,

him pearf wes, earnode pes

Godes

georne.

lof wide.

3 Godes lage lufode. 3 folces


swiffost J>ara cyninga, J>e ser

fritS

bette,

him gewurde,

be manna gemynde.
3

God him

eac fylste, f ciningas 3 eorlas

georne him tobugon.


3

wurden under J>eodde

to ]?am J>e he wolde.

j butan gefeohte eal he gewilde,


he sylf wolde.
J>et
1

se

Cf. F.

goda

961

art).

~)

Her

forSferde

Oda

Dunstanws weariS ge-

studebat, et cunctis sibi

coren to arb.
2
3

secundum Deum

weorftan. D.

Tempore

ubique erigebat, legem Dei intente


meditando
implere

meditabatur,

istius

meliorata

est

terra Anglorum', et Deus pacificauit dies eius, ita ut quamdiu


uiueret status pacis in nullo sit
lsesus.
Sine bello omnia sui iuris
custodiuit, circa cultum Dei diligenter se exhibebat, laudes Dei

enter

consulebat.

subiectis

et sseculum sapi-

F.

This

is

fairly close translation of the shorter

form of the poem which occurs in F.


D. is the only MS. besides E. which
has the poem in full.
*

of.

F.

THE LAUD
He wear^

MS.

67

(E)

wide, geond feodland,

switSe geweortSad,

forjmm pe he weorSode Godes naman georne.


3 Godes lage smeade, oft 3 gelome.
3 Godes lof rserde, wide J side.
j

wislice rsedde, oftost a simle,

j>

Gode. 3 for worulde, eall his J>eode.


Ane misdseda he dyde peah. toswitSe.
he setyeodige unsida lufode.

hseSene }?eawas, innan J>ysan lande,

for

gebrohte tofseste.
j utlsendisce hider intihte.
J deoriende leoda bespeon to J>ysan earde.
Ac God him ge urine, jp his gode dseda
2

swycSran wearSan
}>onne misdseda.
his sawle to gescyrd'nesse
on langsuman sy5e 3
4
963. Her ^fram' Eadgar cyning to "Se biscopdome on
45
,

3*cffctw*$
/

f.

36. b.

(ttnp

Wintanceastra wes gecoren See AtSelwold.

Je

arc-

biscop of Cantwarbyrig See Dunstan him gehalgod to biscop


on pe fyrste sunnon dseg of Aduent. f wses on -iii- kl Decemb.

On

oSer gear syfj^on he wses gehalgod. Ja makode he


feola minstra. ~] draf ut ]?a clerca of pe biscop rice, ioxpan f
}?es

nan regul healden. j

hi noldon

ssetta }>ser

muneca.

He macode

twa abbot rice, an of muneca ofter of nunna. f wses eall


J>ser
wiS innan Wintanceastra.
Sy<S(5an J?a com he to se cyng
bed
him
him giuen ealle pa, minstre
Eadgar.
Ipet he scolde
pa,

hsetSene

men

geeadnewion.

com

-j

hsefden ser tobrocon.


se

kyng

fortSi

J>et

hit bli]?elice tySode.

he hit wolde

And

se biscop

fyrst to Elig. fser S. iEtSeldritS liS. ] leot macen ]?one


mynstre. geaf hit J?a his an munac BrihtnotS wses gehaten.
}?a

halgode him

J>a

abbot, 3 ssette

hwilon wseron nun. bohte


J>ser
macode hit swytSe rice.

J>ser
J>a

munecas Gode to

feola

cotlif

set se

J>ewian.

king. 3

com

se biscop AtSelwold to J>sere mynstre pe wses ISurrfr*


Medeshamstede, (5e hwilon wses for don fra hetSene

SytStSon

gehaten
ne fand

folce.

fand

J?a

J>ser

hidde in

nan
fa

f>ing

ealde

buton ealde weallas j wilde wuda.


wealle writes

f>et

Headda

{Continued on p.

F 2

atjfo

68.)

THE PARKER

68
964.

Her

drsefde

MS.

("K)
1

preostas on Ceastre
mynstre. j of Ceortes ige. 3

Eadgar cyng

J?a

of Ealdan mynstre, j of Niwan


of Middel tune. 3 sette hy mid munecan. 3 he sette 7Ej?elgar
(E) heafde ser gewriton, hu Wulfhere kyng 3 iEftelred his brocSor
hit heafden wroht. j hu hi hit freodon wio king, j wiS d,
1

f.

37.

3 wicS ealle weoruld ]?eudom. 3 hu se papa


feostnode mid his write. 3 se arc t> Dews dedit.

Agatho

hit
|

Leot wircen

pa f mynstre. "J ssette Jaer abbot se wses gehaten Aldulf.


macede )?ser munecas ]?ser ser ne wses nan ping. Com ]?a to
pe cyng, 3 leot him locon Ja ge write ]?e ser wseron gefunden.
and se kyng andswerode f>a 3 owed. Ic iEdgar geate 3 gife
todsei toforen Gode 3 toforen pone serceb Dunstan freodom
See Petres mynstre Medeshamstede of kyng, 3 of b. 3 ealle Jm
J>orpes pe (5serto lin. f is JEstfeld. 3 Dodes thorp, j Ege. 3
Pastun. 3 swa ic hit freo J>et nan biscop ne haue pser nane
hsese, buton se abbot of ]x>ne minstre. And ic gife f>one tun

man

pe

cleopaS Vndela,

mid

eall J>et )?sertoli(5,

is

j?et

man

cleopeS Eahte hundred. 3 market 3 toll, swa freolice ^ ne


king ne b" ne eorl ne sc[y]rreue ne haue J>ser nane hsese.
ne nan man buton se abbot ane, 3 J>am pe he J>serto sset.

And
Jas

See Peter, ~) J>urh pes b bene ASelwold.


Barwe. Wermi'gtun'2 ^Esctun. Ketering. Castra.

ic gife Crist 3

land,

is

EgleswurcSe. Waltun. WicSringtun. Ege. Thorp. ~] an myneter


in Stan fortS.
Das land j ealla J>a oftre p>e lin into pe mynstre
]?a

cwede

ic

fangenj^ef.

scyr.

J>[set

pas rihting

And

is]
"j

saca 3 socne. toll }

ealle o(5re tSa

cweSe

ic

team 3

in-

scyr Crist

twa dsel of Witlesmere mid


swa furh Merelade on an
"j
to f waster f man cleope<5 Nen. 3 swa eastweard to Cynges
And ic wille f markete beo in pe selue tun.
dself.
f nan
4
Stanford 3 Huntandune. j ic wille J>et ]ms
oJ>er ne betwix
j

S. Peter.

ic

gife pa,

watres 3 mid wseres 3 feonnes.

~]

be gifen se

toll,

fyrst fra

Witlesmsere

1
>a canonicas. F. The text of F.
here an evident conflation of *R. and
E. No other MSS. have this entry.
Latin charter.
Weriningtun.

is

eall

to pe cinges toll

Cod. DipL No. 575.


3
space left blank in MS.
4
Probably we should read
[be] betwix.

ne

THE LAUD

MS.

69

(E)

Nortmiannes cros hundred. "J eft ongeanward fra Witles


msere Jmrh Merelade on an to Nen. 3 swa swa ^ wseter reonnecS to Crulande. 3 fra Crulande to Must, 3 fra Must to
of

f.

And ic wille f ealle


Cyngesdself J to Witles maere.
freodom j ealle J?a forgiuenesse ]?e mine forgengles geafen

37-

)?a
J>et

hit stande. 3 ic write 3 feostnige mid Cristes rodetacne.


=gsj
andswerade se arcebiscop Dunstan of Cantwarbyrig 3
.

DV

Ic tySe

sseide.

ealle }>a f>ing


hit stande. 3

j?e

ealle J>a fing J>e her is gifen J sprecon. 3


forgengles 3 min geatton. }>a wille ic f

J>in

swahwaswa

hit tobreco'S. J?a gife ic

curs 3 ealra halgan 3 eallre hadede heafde 3

cume

to dsedbote.

hacel,

3 min

stol,

min

min. buton he

tocnawlece See Peter min messe

ic gife

him Godes

rsef,

Criste to J>euwian.

arcebiscop of Eoferwic geate ealle


rode J>et Crist wses on f>rowod.

}>as

Ic

Oswald

worde. Jnirh J>a halgoIc ASelwold biscop

blsetsige ealle J>e J>is healdon. 3 ic amansumie ealle J>e pis to


brsecon. buton he cume to deedbote.
Her wa3s yElfVtan

biscop. A)?ulf b. 3 Escwi abbot. 3 Osgar abb. 3 iEfelgar abb.


3 iElfere ealdorman. iEcSelwine ealdorman. BrihtnoJ>. Oslac
ealdorman. 3 feola oSre rice men. 3 ealle hit geatton. 3 ealle
hit writen

mid

Cristes msel.

Dis wses gedon

Drihtnes acennednesse -dcccc-lxxii

sy(S(5on

ure

xvi- gear.

J>es kinges
bohte se abbot Aldulf landes feola 3 manega. 3 godede J>a
f mynstre switSe mid ealle. j wses J>ser ]?a swa lange f se arcebiscop Oswald of Eoforwic wses forS ge witon. 3 man cses him

Da

J>a

to

erceb.

mynstre,

Wintan

Kenulf

ceastre.

man

cses

wses

J>a

sona oSer abbot of

gehaten.

se

3 he macode fyrst

wses
J>a

sytStSon

wealle

J>e

sylfe

biscop

in

abutan Ipone
het Medes-

[0omen m y ns ti*e. geaf hit Jm to' nama Burch. ]>e ser


B]om0 hamstede. wses
swa lange f man sette him to biscop on
J>ser
Wintan ceastre. pa cses man otSer abbot of Ipe silue minstre.
turn.
x

J>e

wses

wintre.

gehaten

se JElfsi wses J?a

iElfsi.

Sea Kyneburh 3 S. KynesuiS J?e lsegen


Tibba j?e lsei in Kihala. 3 brohte heom to

Burch. and offrede heom


J?e

he

eall S.

Peter on an

dsei.

3 heold

J?ser wses.

964. Hie expulsi sunt canonici de ueteri monasterio.

f.

38.

fiftig

He nam up

in Castra. and S.

hwile

abbot sy&Son

J2t "Els
&Bufc.

J>a

^rg

Scar'

^"

Cs

THE PARKER

70

MS.

abbod to Niwan mynstre to abbode.


ige. 3 Cyneweard to Middel tuner
f.

28. b.

971

l
.

[Her

Eadmund

forftferde

(S)
3

Ordbirht to Ceortes

seeding. 3 his

lie lift a3t

Rumesige.]
973.

Her Eadgar

wses

Engla waldend

cofSre micelre

to cyninge gehalgod
on fere ealdan byrig 2?cemannes ceastre
eac hi igbuend 4 oftre worde beornas
.

Baftan

pser wses blis micel

nemnaj?.

on 'pam eadgan dsege eallim geworden


J?onne nrSabearn nemnaft 3 cigaft
.

,
.

pser wses preosta heap

Pentecostenes dseg.
micel muneca "Sreat

mine gefrege
j "Sa agangen wses
.

gleawra gegaderod.
tyn hund wintra geteled rimes
,

bremes eyninges
buton fer to lafe

fiam gebyrdtide
leohta hyrdes
waes
J?a agan
secgaft

winter ge teles

"Se

]?ses

gewritu

seofon 3 twentig. swa neah wses sigora frean


"Susend aurnen -Sa]?a 'Sis gelamp.

him Ead mundes eafora hsefde


nigon 3 xx niS weorca heard
7
wintra onworulde J?is geworden wses
on 'Sam xxx 8 wa3S fteoden gehalgod:*
]?a
.

975.

Her geendode eorSan dreamas


Eadgar Engla cyning ceas him o'Ser
'

wlitig 3
lif

f.

J?is

wynsuM

lsene

28. b. begins with 968.

)?is

wace

forlet

leoht

Nemna'S leoda beam

At

969 a new hand begins in X.


Against the years 969 and 972
stands in the margin the sign B.
(Bissextilis.) 972 was a leap-year
but not of course 969. All down
;

f.

and f. 29. r single-line anhad been marked out, which

28. v

nals

had afterwards to be erased


room for the poems.
2

W.

Erased in X.

to

make

recovered from

THE LAUD
9

J?i

ilcan geare Oslac feng to ealdordome.

Her on

969.

J>issum

Tenet land 10

eall

71

(E)

Her pored Gunneres sunu forhergode West moringa

966.

land

MS.

geare Eadgar cyng het

Her for&ferde Eadmund aej>eling.


Her waes Eadgar ejeling gehalgod

970.

972.

coste maessedaei

j sona

on

idus Mai'

HatabaSum 11

feng. set

aefter

Laegeceastre

se

J>am

12
.

wiS trywsodon

13

oferhergian

j?aer

Je

to cyninge

-xiii*

3 'he' waes >a

geare

J?e

on Pentehe to rice

ana wana xxx- wintra.

cyng geleadde

him comon ongean

his

ealle
vi

sciphere to

cyningas. and ealle

M beon on
f hi woldon efen wy[r]hton

sae

on lande.

975

15

Her Eadgar gefor

Angla reccent
WestSeaxena wine
3 Myrcene mundbora.

f-

D. 965.

him

Her on

j)issum geare

to cwene, heo waes

B. 971.

Eadgar cyning genam zElfJWjySe

16

Ord gares dohtor ealdor mannes.

Her forSferde. Oskytel.

arcebisceop. se wae3 aerest to

Dorke ceastre to leod bisceope gehalgod. 3 eft to Eoferwic ceastre


be Eadredes cinges unnan ~\ ealra his witena. f he waes' to aerce17
bisceope gehalgod. 3 he waes .xxii. wintra bisceop 3 he forSferde on
ealra halgena maesse niht -x. nihton aer Martines maessan. aet Tame.
3 purkytel abb his maeg ferede baes bisceopes lie to Bedanforda.
forSan be he waes baer ^a abbud on ^one timan.
y

raycclum. B. C.
eac hie egbuend. B. C.

end.
5

6
7

W.
Ba>on. W.
Sa get wses. B. C.
Sa >is. B. C.

'Srittigejjan.
9

hie bu-

C. B.

totam Westmoringa land.

F.

Lat.
10

totam terram de Tanet. F. Lat.


at Acemannes beri (" ys at BaSam). F.
apud Ace mannes byri
(i- at BaSan). F. Lat.
12
Leiceastre. D.
11

13
ealle him on hand sealdon. F.
fidem dantes spondent. F. Lat.
14
efenwyrhtan. D. efenwyhton.
E. efenwihte. F. .
15
B. and C. have the longer poem
as in X ; D. (like E.) has the shorter
After the number of the
poem.
year D. adds, viii. id. Iulii, the
date of Edgar's death. F. is content with the simple prose entry,
her Eadgar cing forSferde.
l6

^ElfySe. D.

gebeodan. F.
17

bisceos.

MS.

^ElfSrySe him to

38-

THE PARKER

72

men on moldan
in Sisse

MS.

(R)

mona^S gehwser
ser wseran
J?a J?e

J?9ene

eft el

tyrf
on rimcrseffce rihte getogene
se geonga gewat
Iulius moho"S
"p
*

on ]?one eahteSan
beorna beahgyfa.
to cynerice
eorla ealdor
3

him

dseg

Eadgar of

3 feng his

life

beam

syftftan

unweaxen
waes Eadweard nama.

cild

J?am

tirfsest heeled

of Brytene

tyn nihtuwz

Eer

gewat bisceop se goda


Jmrh ge cyndne crseffc 'Sam wees Cyneweard nama
a waes on Myrceon 2 mine gefraege
wide 3 wel hwser Waldendes lof
fela wearS todrsefed
afylled on foldan.

f 2 9-

gleawra Godes'Seowa. f waes gnornung micel


byrnende lufan
J?amJ?e on breostu^ waeg
Metodes on mode.
pa waes maerSa Fruma
.

to swrSe forsewen

rod era Raedend


3

J?a

pa
ofer

ofer hwaeles eftel

heeled

sigora
man bis riht tobraec.

adraefed

ofer ganotes baft.


wis 3 word snotor.

3 ]?a
steorra

Waldend

wearS eac

Oslac of earde

deormod

haeleft

ySa gewealc
gamoPfeax haeleft
.

bama

ge ftring

bereafod.

wearS set ywed uppe on roderum


on staftole J?one str<$ ferhj?e
.

higegleawe

hataft

wide

eahtoSan. B. C. eahtateoftan.W.
wearS on Myrcum. B. C. on

Myrce
3

on.

W.

forsawen. B. C.

cometa be naman craeftgleawe men


Waes geond wer "Seode
wise soft boran 6
Waldendes wracu wide gefrege
hungor ofer brusan J> eft beofonaWeard

ofer waetera

*
5
6

gewalc. B. C.
gomol. B. C.
woft boran. B. C.
swifte.

D.

:>

THE LAUD
CucS wses

MS.

73

(E)

wide

f>et

feola J?eoda*

geond
f aferan Eadmund[es]
ofer ganetes ba(S

cyningas hine wide


wurftodon side 7,

bugon to cyninge
swa wses him gecynde.
Naes se flota swa rang,
ne se here swa Strang.
f on Angel cynne
ses
J>a

And

him

gef&tede.
hwile pe se sef>ela cyning

cyne stol ge rehte.


her Eadward Eadgares sunu feng to

rice.

J>a

sona on

geare on herfeste seteVwde cometa


on
J>a
J>am eaftran geare switSe mycel hungor. 3 swycSe
*
meenigfealde styrunga geond Angel cyn.
3 iElfere ealdorman het towurpon swySemanig munuc lif J>e Eadgar cyng

am
com

se steorra. j

ilcan

{Continued on p.

D. 975.

*
.

On

his

dagum,

for his iugo^e,

Godes wij^sersacan
Godes lage brsecon.

Ifere

ealdorman.

~]

o)>re

manega.

J munuc regol myrdon.


3 mynstra tostaencton.

munecas todrsefdon.
3 Godes j>eowas fesedon.
het ser
)>e Eadgar kyning
~]

halgan biscop

)>one

Aj>selwo[l]d gestapSejlian.

wydewan bestryptan

oft.
"J

"J

gelome.

fela unrihta.

yfelra unlaga.
arysan up sr^San.
aa sefter J>am
"J

"}

hit yfelode swrSe.*

74.)

THE PARKER

74

MS.

(R)

Brego engla, geaf eft blisse gehwsem


egbuendra J?urk eorSan westmr
978. Her wearS Eadweard cyning ofslegen. On ]?is
.

gebette,

ylcan geare feng iEftelred sefteling his broftor to

rice.

halgan biscop Aoelwold ge staftelian.* 3 on }>am


timan wses eac Oslac se maera eorl geutod of Angel cynne.

(E) het

eer Jxrne

{Continued on p.

75.)

Her on bys geare wses se miccla hungor on Angel cynne.


Her wses f myccle gemot set Kyrt ling tune, ofer Eastron.
3 ^aer forSferde Sidemann bisceop on hrsedlican deabe. on .ii.
kl Mai. se wses Defna scire bisceop. ~] he wilnode f his lie rsest
sceolde beon set Cridiantune, set his bisceop stole, pa het Eadweard cing 3 Dunstan arcebisceop. f hine man ferede to Sea
Marian mynstre. f his set Abbandune. "J man eac swa dyde. "J
he is eac arwyrSlice bebyrged on ba norShealfe on Scs Paulus
portice K
978 2 Her on bysum geare wearS Eadweard cyning gemartyrad.
C. 976.

977.

3 iE)>elred sebeling his bro^or feng to J)am rice. "J he wses on


bam ylcan geare to cinge gehalgod. On bam geare forSferde

Alfwold se wses bisceop on Dorssetum. "J his lie IrS on bam


mynstre set Scire burnan.
979. On J>ys geare wses iE)>elred to cininge gehalgod on bone
sunnandseig feower tyne niht ofer Eastron set Cinges tune. "]
bser wseron set his halgunge twegen ercebisceopas. J tyn leod
bisceopas. py ilean geare wses gesewen blodig wolcen on oft
srSas on fyres gelicnesse. "J f wses swySost on middeniht obywed.
3 swa on mistlice beamas wses gehiwod. Jjonne hit dagian wolde.

bonne to glad

hit.

Her on J>ys geare. wses iEbelgar abbod


vi. Nonas Mai. to
on
god.
)>am bisceop stole
980.

to bisceope gehal
set

Seolesigge.

{Continued on p.
1

Here ends MS. B.


Here there seems to be a change
of hand in MS. C.
3
in uno solario. F. Lat.
2

*
5

halgan.

MS.

in uno de laquearibus. F. Lat.


ny ge dydon. D. sume hit mid

bam Hue

hit

gebohtan. F.

corresponding Latin.)
7
at Corf geate. F.

(No

in loco qui

~]

76.)

dicitur Porta Corf.


8

Eodem anno

sit fratri

F. Lat.
^ESelredus succes-

suo in regno.

Tempore

multa mala uenerunt in Angliam et postea semper hue usque


suo

evenerunt. F. Lat.
9
iElferus dux cum beato Dunstano. F. Lat.
(S. Dunstanus)
iElfere. F.
~\

THE LAUD
978.

Her on

witan gefeollan

MS.

75

(E)

J>issum geare ealle )?a yldestan Angel cynnes


3
aet Calne of anre up floran
butan se halga 4
.

Dunstan arcebiscop ana aetstod uppon anum beame 5 3 sume


6
mid
swifte ge brocode waeron. j sume hit ne ge dygdan
)?aer
.

f>am

life.

979.
Corfes

Her

waes
7

on

geate

Waerham butan

Ne

Eadward cyng ofslagen on


xv

Apr.

aelcura cyne

hine

sefentide

aet

man bebyrigde

set

licum wurtSscipe.

weartS Angel cynne nan waersa deed gedon,

J?onne peos wees*


hi
aerest
sy&fon
Brytonland gesohton.

Men
ac

He
he

hine ofmyrSrodon.
hine maersode.

God

waes on

nu aefter
Hine nolden
is

eorSlic cing.
deatSe heofonlic sanct.

life

his eorSlican

magas wrecan.
ac hine hafaS his heofonlica faeder
swi<5e
I

gewrecen.

f.

woldon

pa eorSlican banan

his

gemynd

on erSan adilgian*
Ac se uplica Wrecend* hafaS his ge mynd*
on heofenum. *i on eortSan to braid.

pa pe nolden aer
libbendum lichaman onbugan.
nu eadmodlice*
J?a
on cneowum abugacS to his daedum banura.

to his

j>

Nu we magon ongytan*
manna wisdom,

"3

smeagunga,

3 heore rsedas

syndon nahtlice
ongean Godes ge}>eaht.

And

her feng ^EcSelred to rice 8 3 he waes


.

hraedlice

aefter

f>am swiSe

mid myccluwi gefean Angel cynnes witon gehalgod

to cyninge aet Cyningestun.

980.

Her on fisum geare

JElfere

ealdorman gefette

J>es

39.

THE PARKER

76
983.
f.

29. b.

Her
Her

MS.

()

forSferde iElfhere ealdorman.

forSferde se wellwillenda bisceop Jfftelwold, 3


seo halgung J?aes sefter filgendan bisceopes iElf heages, se'Se
o"Sran naman waes geciged Godwine. wses xiiii* kt Nou. 3

984.

he gesset J>one bisceop stol an J?ara twegra apostola dsege


Simonis j Iudse. on Wintan ceastre.

(C) on Jam ylcan geare wses SuShamtun forhergod fram scipherige.


seo burh waru msest ofslegen "J gehseft. 3 \>f ilcan geare wses
"J
ilcan geare wses Legeceaster scir geTenetland gehergod.
"J
]>f
hergod fram NorS scipherige.
981. Her on )>is geare wses See Petroces stow forhergod. "J }>y
ilcan geare wses micel hearm gedon gehwser be Jiam sseriman.
on )>am ylcan geare
"J
segj)er ge on Defenum ge on Wealum.
for^ferde iElfstan bisceop on Wiltunscire. *] his lie li^ on J>am

&m

f-

bisceopdome.
mynstre set Abbandune. *} Wulfgar feng )>a to
on j>am ylcan geare forSferde Womser. abbod on Gent.
~\
982. Her on )>ys geare comon upp on Dorssetum iii. scypu
wicinga, 3 hergodon on Portlande. py ilcan geare forbarn Lunden
byrig, "J on }>am ylcan geare forSferdon twegen ealdormenn.
iEJ>elmser on Hamtun scire. "} Eadwine on SnS Seaxum. *] ^EJ?elmseres lie IrS on Wintan ceastre on Niwan mynstre. "} Eadwines
H4- on J?am mynstre 1 set Abbandune. pses ylcan geares forSferdon
twa abbodessan. on Dorssetum. Herelufu. on Sceaftes byrig. 3
Wulfwin. on Werham. "J Jjy ilcan geare for Odda Romana casere to Greclande, ~] J>a gemette he )>ara Sarcena mycele fyrde
cuman up of sse. 3 woldon }>a faran on hergo^ on )>set Cristene
folc.
se casere wr6 hi. 3 j>ser wses micel wsel ge~]
)?a gefeaht
on
slsegen
gehwse^ere hand. ~] se casere ahte wsel stowe geweald.
hwse^ere
he J>ser wses miclum geswenced. ser he J>anon hwurfe.
3
he
hamweard
for. )>a forSferde his broj^or sunu. se wses
"3
j)a
haten Odda. J he wses Leodulfes sunu sej>elinges. "} se Leodulf wses J>ses ealdan Oddan sunu. 3 Eadweardes cininges dohtor
|

sunu.

Her forSferde iElfhere ealdorman. 3 feng iElfric to J>am


dom scipe. "J Benedictus papa forj>ferde.
984. Her forS ferde Aj>elwold b on kT Agustus.
on
985. Her wses iElfric ealdormtm utadrsefed of earde.
"J
to
to
abbode
ilcan
wses
Eadwine
gehalgod
geare
)>am
)>am
983.

ilcan ealdor

mynstre

set

Abbandune.

THE LAUD
2

lichaman

halgan cyninges

Her comon

aerest

Hamtun.
983. Her forWerde
J?am ilcan ealdordome.
984. Her forftferde

ba

3
.

'vii*

scipu

and ge hergoden

ealdorman. j

^Elfere

se

77

(E)

Wserham. ^ geferode hine mid

wurSscipe to Scaeftes byrig

mycclum
981.

set

MS.

feng ^Elfric to

ASelwold muneca ' S>c


abb gehalgod to Abbandune. 'W

halga

biscop

her wses Eadwine to


6
Her
^]lfric ealdorman wses utadrsefed
985.
986. Her se cyning fordyde bet biscop rice set Hrofeceastre.
And her com serest se myccla yrfcwalm on Angel cyn.
987. Her Wecedport wes gehergod 7
988. Her wses Goda se Dse[fe]nisca baegn of slagen 3 mycel
her Dunstan se halga arcb forlet bis lif. j
wsel mid him.
And iEftelgar b 8 feng sefter him to
ferde
heofonlice.
ge
f
feeder. 3

"j

f.

39. b.

f.

59.

arcbstol. j he litle hwile


9
3 iii- mon<5as.

Her iEdwine abb

989.

Siric wses

Her

C. 986.

com

gehadod

serest se

988

10
.

Her

sefter

ham

leofode,

forSferde. 3 feng

butan an gear.

WulTgar

to.

cyning fordyde f b rice eet Hrofe ceastre.


micla yrf cwealm on Angel cyn.
se

waes

[Continued on p.

Rome
1

Her was

sefter his

Siric 'to' arb

pallium

Here there seems

Sceftoniam. F. Lat.
scipum. MS.
(of Wincestre.) F.
adrsefed of earde. D.
for baernd. F.

7
8

(abbod on
viii- F.,

Niwe

mynstre.) F.
iiiF. Lat.

altered from

(Her

78.)

sib-ban ferde to

.)

to be another

ge hadod.

sefter

12

change of hand in MS. C.


3
Eadwardes. add. F.

Her

11
Wecedport geheregod. "J Goda se Defenisca
mycel wsel mid him. Her gefor Dunstan arcb.

begen ofslagen. "J


iE^elgar b feng sefter him to arcestole. 3 he lytle hwile
"J
bsem lyfode. butan .i. gear "] -iii- monbas.

F. 989.

her

-j

to arceb.

has octo, on erasure,


10
In "A against the year 988 is
written in an ancient and very small
hand
hoc anno obiit Scs DunIn C. against the
stanus areps.
:

years 988 and 992 stands the sign


B. Cf. note on 971 (ft).
]1
Her waes Goda. D.
12
Hie consecratus est, etc.
(Hie iuit Eomam pro pallio.) F. Lat.
.

THE PARKER

78

MS.

(X)

ftissum geare com Unlaf mid hrirn 3 hund


nigentigon scipuwz to Stane, "j forhergedon ^ on ytan, 3 for
fta ftanon to Sandwic, 3 swa "Sanon to Gipeswlc, "j "J> eall

993 \ Her on

swa to Mseldune 3 hk bger com togeanes


Byrhtno'S ealdorman mid his fyrde, 3 him wr3 gefeaht. 3
hy J?on ealdorman J?ser ofslogon, 3 waelstowe ge weald
ah tan. 3 him man nam syS^an fri# wib 3 hine nam se
ofer eode, j

cing
biscpes,

Sy'S'San to bisceopes
*j

994.

handa.

$urh

forSferde

Sigeric arcebisceop. 3 feng iElfric

C. 990.

Her

F. 991.

Her

rice.

Sigeric wses gehalgod to afcb.


ferde. 3 Wulfgar ab feng to bam rice.
59. b.

&m

Cantware

.ZElfeages Wincsestre b.

Her

Wiltunscire bisceop to "Sam arcebisceop

f.

Sirices lare

3 Eadwine abb forS-

waes Brihtno^ ealderman ofslagen at Mseldune.

f man

man

~)

on

geald
gauel Denisbe hi worhton be sas riman. f
eerost

gera3dde
ylcan geare
can mannum. for ^an wundran
was serost tyn busend punda. pene rsed gersedde Siric arb.
992. Her Oswold se ediga arb forSferde. 3 EadulT abbud
feng to Euerwic 3 to Wigorceastre. And her gersedde se cing "j
ealle his witan f man gegaderode ealle ^a scipa be antes
waeran to Lundenbyri. to ^an f man ^scolde' fandian gif man
mihte be tra3ppan bane here ah war wib utan. Ac iElfiic ealder
man. an of bam ba se cyng hsefde msest truwe to. ^het' gewarnian ^one here. "J on ^are nihte ^a hi scolde anmorgen togsedere cuman. *se sylfa iElfric' scoc fram ^are fyrde. 3 se here ^a
setbserst.

Her was Bebbanburh tobrocen, 3 mycel herehnSe 2 bar


^are
ge numen. 3 after ^am com se here to Humbra muban.
man
^a
Da
worhtan.
mycele
fyrde.
gegaderode
3
mycel yuel ge
hi to ge^ere gan scoldan. ba onstealdan ^a heretogan gerost
Sone fleam, f was Frsena, "J God wine,
FrrSegist.
994. Her com Anelaf 3 Swegen to Lundene, mid feower 3
hund nigantygon scipan. 3 faestlice on ba burh fuhton. 3 hi
993.

~]

"J

f.

61.

{Continued on p.

Here again the

scribe

was not

prepared for so long an entry, and


marked out single-line annals as far
as 1 00 1 inclusive.
By erasing and

altering numbers,

80.)

by crowding and

the margin, he
to get room,
managed
2
magna pecunia. F. Lat.

writing

on

has

THE LAUD

MS.

Her wses G[ypes]wic 3 gehergod.

991.

raSe wses BrihtnoS


J?am geare

man

^ man

geald

sefter

ealdorman ofslsegen

ge rsedde

79

(E)

set

jmm swiSe

Mseldune. 3 on

serest gafol

Deniscan

mannuwi. for J)am mycclan brogan f>e hi worhtan be }mm sse


riman. $ wses serest x ]?usend punda. J>sene rsed ge rsedde
Siric

arceb.

Her Oswald

992.

se eadiga arceb

forlet

lif.

j geferde
ealdorman gefor on J?am ilcan geare.
Da ge rsedde se cyng 3 ealle his witan f man ge gaderode f>a
scipu f>e ahtes wseron to Lunden byrig. 3 se cyng f>a betsehte
to lsedene Ealfrice ealdorman. 3 porode eorl. 3 iElff>a fyrde
stane b. 3 iEscwige b. 3 sceoldan cunnian gif hi muhton f>one

f>

J>is

heofonlice. 3 iESelwine

here ahwser utene betraeppen. Da sende se ealdorman iElfric.


het warnian J>one here. 3 j?a on J?ere nihte Se hi on "Sone
j
dsei

cumon sceoldon. tSa sceoc he on


him sylfum to mycclum bismore. 3

togsedere

J?sere

fyrde

setbserst,

buton an scip

j?ser

niht fram

se here pa,
ofsloh. 3 })a gemsette se

man

EastEnglum 3 of Lunden. 3 hi Sser ofslogon


3 f scip genamon eall gewsepnod 3 gewsedod J>e

here Sa scipu of

mycel wsel.
se ealdorman on wses.
3
of
Burch
abb
Ealdulf
feng

Da
6

Oswaldes arcb forSsitSe.


to Eoferwic stole and to Wigera
sefter

Kenulf to }?am abbot rice set Burch.


7
993. Her on Sissum geare wses Bsebbanburh to brocon
mycel herehuSe J>ser genumen, 3 setter jmm com to Hum3
bran muSe se here. 3 J?ser mycel yfel gewrohtan segSer ge on
ceastre. 3

Lindes ige ge on NorShymbran.

mycele fyrde. 3

hi togsedere gan sceoldan. J?a onstealdon


f wses Frsena. j Godwine. 3
)?ysum ilcan geare het se cyng ablendan iElfgar
f>a

serest >one fleam,

heretogan

J?a

pa ge gaderode man swiSe

On
FriSegist.
iElfrices sunu ealdormannes.

Her on f>isum geare com Anlaf 3 Swegen to Lunden


Nativitas see Marie mid iiii 3 hundnigontigum
on
byrig
scipum. 3 hi tSa on Sa burh festlice feohtende wseron. 3 eac
994.

Between G.
and wic is a
blank in the MS., supplied from
C. D.
.

ByrihtnoS. D.

Syric. C.

of Burch only in E.
abrocen. C. D.

D.

f.

40.

THE CANTERBURY

80

mid

MS.

(F)

Ac hi )>ar, Gode ^ang, wyrs ge


wendan. 3 )>a ^anon ferden. *] f mseste
yfel worhton pe aefre ami here mihte on eallon ^ingan. swa
hwar hi ferdon. Da ge rsedde se cing "J his witan. f heom
man scolde gauol behatan. 3 man swa dyde. ~] 'hi' f under
ec heom fodan geaf 1 of eallan West Seaxana
fengon.
3
rice. 3 heom man geald .xvi. ^usend pundai
Da sende se
aefter
Anelafe
iElfeah
B *J iEgelword ealdorman. "J
cing
cinge
eac

fyre atendan woldan.

ferdan ]>onne hi

aefre

man

gislade ^a hwile into ^an scipan. "J man lsedde mid mycelan wurSscipe Anelaf cingc to Andeferan. "J se cing iE&elred
his afeng at bwcopes handa. 3 him cynelice gifode.
him pa,
"J

Anelaf behet,

~\

eac ge

lseste.

f he

mid unfrrSe cuman nolde.


995. Her was ateowod cometa
Siric

forSferde.

art)

"}

iElfric.

nsefre

eft

to

Angel cynne

(f ys se fexode) se steorra. "j


Wiltunscire b. wearS gecoren.

(on Easter dsei on Ambresbyri. fram iEgelrede cinge.


eallan his witan.)
Des Mlfric was swy^e [gewis] mann.

"J

}>et

fram
nas

nan snotere man on Engla lande.


Da for iElfric to his arcehe
com.
he
was
under fange of pa/m hades
[stole] ^ f>a
)>ider
mannum pe him ealra 'un'ea^est was. $ was clerican. And sona of
s
Valla pa, wisuste menn he awar ge cneow. 3 swy^e eefter
cu^an mannum. )>a cnSan J;at so^iuste seggan hu selc bing
'wearde' on ^is lande be heora ealdran dagan. to eacan ))an [he]
Him
sylf geleorned haef de' on bocan, "J at wisen mannum.
tealdan )>a swy^e ealde menn. aeg^er ge gehadode ge lsewede
[f ] heora yldran heom tealdan hu hit was gelagod sona sy^an
.

Scs. Ags. to

J>isan

f.

60.

lande com.
J?are burh.

Da

pa,

Agustinus J>one

stol

fenge
[heafodburh ealles pes]
|>a was
swa
hit
to
raedon on Ystoria Anrice
cinges
ys
iEgelberhtes.
on
setl
fultume
e
be
glorum
wyrcan
J>es cinges
to
forS
ealdan Romaniscan wearde onginnon. sa
spry"J

on

hsefde

On

Mellitws. Iuspa,m geferscipe wseran J)a fyrmestan.


Paulinws. Rufianws.
Be )>ysan sende se eadiga papa ]>one

tanne.
tus.

hu he b halgian. 3 on
J>arto gewrit. "J tacnunga.
hi
scolde.
on
Britane
settan
stowe
"J
hwylcum
pam cinge iE^elwrita.
sende
he
[berht]
~]
manega woruldgiua on mistlicum
ge
him gegearcod hsefdan. he het
And
^ingum.
j>a cyrican pe
naman
hailendes
Drihtnes
Xfes "J Sea Marian. ~]
[halgian on]
his
sefter
filigendum eallan.
himsylfum }?ar eardung stowe sette.
he s[colde] ^ar innan settan as ylcan hades menn }>a he
~]
Jjat
pallium.

"]|

{Continued on p.
1

censum

et

pastum. F. Lat.

geald

feos.

C. D.

81.)

THE LAUD

MS.

81

(E)

mid fyre ontendan woldon. ac hi ]mr gefeordon maran


hearm j yfel bonne hi aefre wendon. J heom aenig burhwaru
x
ge don sceolde. Ac se halige Godes modor on Sam hire mildheortnisse bsere burhware ge cySde. "j hi ahredde wiS heora
hi

feondum. 3 hi J^anon ferilon. "3 wrohton f maeste yfel be aefre


aenig here don mihte on baernette J hergunge 3 on manslihtum

Sam

riman on EastSeaxum, 3 on Centlande. j


on SuSSeaxum. j on Hamtun scire. 3 aet nyxtan naman heom
hors. j ridon swa wide swa hi woldon. 3 un asecgendlice yfel
be

aegcSer

sae

pa ge raedde se cyng 3 his witan ^ him


to sende. 3 him gafol be hete 3 metsunge wiS bon f>e
hi baere hergunge ge swicon. 3 hi ba bet under fengon. 3 com
ba eall se here to Hamtune. ~} Jjser winter setle namon. 3 hi
wircende waeron.

man

geond eall West Seaxna rice. 3 him man


-xvi- busend punda.
pa sende se cyn[g] aefter Anlafe
geald
cyninge. iElfeach b "j ^ESelward ealdorman. 3 man gislade ba
in to bam scipum. 3 hi ba laeddan Anlaf mid mycclum
hwile

man

baer

faedde

wurSscipe

to

bam cynge

to Andeferan. 3 se

cyng

f.

40. b.

iEcSelred

bes handa. 3 him cynelice gifode. 3 him ba


anfeng
Anlaf behet swa he hit eac gelaeste. f he naefre eft to Angel
his

aet

cynne mid unfriSe cumon nolde.

Hie Ricardus uetus

obiit.

et Ricardus Alius eius suscepit regnum. et regnauit -xxxi- an.


995. Ber on bissum geare aeteowde cometa se steorra. 3 Siric

arcb forSferde.
lande sende. "J ba he sylf wes. "J eac f aelc ob[er b
(F)
been mu]nec hades mann be bone arb stol ge ssete on
Cantwarebyri. 3 f scolde beon aefre gehealden be Godes leafe
[3 blet]sunge. "J be S. Petrus. "J be ealra ba sefter him coman.
byder to

scolde

Da

sand angean cow to iEgelberhte cinge ~) to Agustine.


wurSan ^a swy^e blibe burh swilce wissunge. And se afb
ba halgode f mynster on Xpes naman "J S. Marian [on bam]
Pn'mi et
dage be ys ge cweden twegra martira maessa dsei.
Feliciani. 3
bar binnan munecas gelogode. [eal] swa [SSe]
bses

[hi]

Gregoriws bebead. 3 hi Godes ^eowdom claenlice beeodan. J


man nam of bam ylcan munecan biscopas to gehwylcre [stowe]
swa bu raeddan miht on Ystoria Anglorwm.
Da was iElfric
arb swy^e blibe. ]3 he swa fela gewitnesse hsefde [bara be
mih.]
.

{Cotitinued on p. 82.)
1

dsege.

add

C. D. (recte).

THE CANTERBURY

82

MS.

(F)

&

timan wrS ]?one cing.


tan betst to
Gyt }>a ylcan witan
^e mid ^an art), wseran cwaedan Dus eal swa we ge[teald]
habba^. )>urh wunedan munecas on Xpes cyrican on Agustines
dage. 3 on Laurenties. Mellites. Iustes. Honor[ies. Deus]dedit.
;

Theodores. Brihtwoldes. Tatwines. Nothelmes. Cuthbertes. BregAc \>es


wines. Ianbertes. A^elhardes. Wulfredes. Felogildes.

Ceolno^ cow to ]?am arb rice. wearS swylc manJ>a


cwealm f na belaf binnan Xpes cyrcan butan fif mun[ecan]
sorh on )>ysum lande. 8 nan
to eacan his timan wearS gewinn
Nu Gode
mann ne mihte ^encan embe naht elles butan

geares.

"j

cinges anwealda "j on )>ynum hwse^er hi leng


beon
motan. forjjon na mihte[man hi] nsefre
binnan lengre
J?ar
ut bet bringan J)onne man nu mai gif }?as binges' willa is "J )>in.
Se art) ]>& butan selcre lettinge mid eallan }?am wisum mannum
ferde anan to ^am cinge, "J cyddan him eall ealswa we her be)>anc.

ys hit on

]>as

Da

foran tealdan.
~J

^am

to

cwseft

wear)) se cing swy|>e blrSe [|)is]sere tidunge.


Me )>inS rsed. )>at fm
to )>am o^ran
"J

art)

Rome

ealra serost fare to

sefter J>inon

"3 ]
J>u }>am papan
sy&San be his rsede far. "J hi ealle andswaredan
% was se betsta raid. Da ^a [pfeostas] ^is gehyrdan. )>a
]>
rseddan hi. 55 hi naman twegen of heom, J sendan to pam
papan, "\ budon him mycelne garsuman ~\ seolfer. wrS ^an ^e
he scolde gifan heom J)one erce. Ac ]>a hi to Rome coman, )>a
nolde se papa naht f don, far hi ne brahtan nan gewrit. naj>er
na of |>am cinge na of J>an folce. "\ het hi faran loc whar hi
woldon. Son[a swa] ^a preostas )>anon ge cyrred wseron. com se

cy}>e

eal

a^[rce

)>is. ~)

arb MXfric to Rome, "J se papa hine underfeng mid mycelan


wur$[sci]pe, "J het hine a morhgen msessian at S. Petres weofode. "3 se papa sylf dyde on his agene pallium ~] hine swy)>e
wyrSede. )>a j>is was gedon. se afb ongan to tellende }>am

papan

eal

embe

)>a

clericas,

binnan J)am mynstre at his


agean gerehte hu ^a preostas
gsersuman budan, far ]>i f> he
Ac cwarS se papa far nu to
;

hu

hit

artTrice'

ge [faran] was.
wairan.

"J

se

hu hi
papa him
~\

him cum[an] wseran, mycelne


scolde heom ^one pallium gifan.
[Engla]lande angean. mid Godes

to

"J

minre. "} swa pu ham cume. do into


hadesmenn. ^e beatws Gregoriws be
ylcan]
mynstre
j>[as
}>inan
bead Augustine ^ar inne to lande. be Godes be bode, ~) S. PeSe arb J>a mid J>ysan ge cyrde to Englalande.
tres. 3 minre.
Sona swa he ham com. he gesset his arb stol. 3 si]>)>an to |>an

bletsunga,

"J

S.

Petres, 3

[cinge] ferde. j se cing

~]

ealle his

leode

Gode pancode

his an-

{Continued on p.

83.)

THE LAUD
996.

Her on

MS.

83

(E)

}?issum geare waes ^lfric

gehalgod

to arcoe

to Xpescyrcean.
997. Her on f>issum geare ferde se here abutan Defnan
scire in to Ssefern mufron. 3 J?ser ge hergodon aegfter on Corn-

wealum ge on NortSwalum. 3 on Defenan.

"j

eodon him

J?a

up

Wecedport. 3 J>aer mycel yfel wrohtan on baernette. 3 on


manslihtum. 3 aefter j)am wendon eft abutan Penwih^steort
set

on Sa

up

J?a

and wendon pd, in to Tamer 2 mutSan. j eodo'n'


comon to Hlidaforda 3 3 selcj?ing baerndon j

sutJhealfe.
o(5

hi

j>

4
slogon jp hi ge metton. 3 Ordulfes mynster set Tefing stoce forbaerndon. 3 un asecgendlice here hu5e mid him to scipa brohtan.

998.
~\

Her gewende

up eodon swa wide swa

peer seghwaer

man

eastweard into FrommuSan.

se here eft

woldon into Dorsaetan.

hi

ge gaderode. ac sona swa hi to


gaedere gan sceoldan. )?onne weartS J?aer aefre J?urh sum J>ing
fleam astiht. 3 aefre hi aet ende sige ahton. 3 ]?onne o$re
j

oft

ongean

fyrde

hi

heom on Wihtlande.

hwile lagen

"J

eoton

heom 5

J>a

hwile of

Hamtun scire. 3 of SuSseaxum.


999. Her com se here eft abuton into Temese.
Hrofe ceastre

to

3 wendon
com
3
p& seo

pa up andlang Medewaegan
Centisce fyrde faer ongean 7 3 hi f>aer faeste to gedere fengon.
ac wala 8 f hi to hra(5e bugon. 3 flugon. for J>am pe hi naefdon
.

f.

41.

fultum pe hi habban sceoldan.


geancumes,

He ^a

J?a

Daeniscan waelstowe

f he swa ge serndod swa ^an ealra leofuste wes.

"J

Cantwarebiri gecyrde.

to

eft

ahton

pa,

mynstre adraf.
him be beod 9

"J

bar

binnan munecas

ba

"J

clericas ut of

sette. eal

swa

se

bam
papa

996.
997.
1

3
4

Her was Wulstan gehadod to b into Lundenbm.


Her ^lfric 'ar'b ferde to Rome aefter his arce (pallium 10 ).

PenwaeS. D.
Camer. D.

Hlydanforda. C. D.
mynster Taefingstoc. C. D.

aetefingstoce.
5

laegon
6

Hroue
ibi

set

The

E.

him

ciestre.

aeton him.

D.

F.

obviam habuit

exercitum

Cantie. F. Lat.
8

9
This document is written in a
very small hand on the margin and
on an inserted leaf, and has been
much injured by the use of galls,

portions enclosed in square


brackets can now no longer be read,
but rest on the authority of M.H.B.
10
pallium written above arce as if

a gloss to

wala wa. D.

it.

(j?\

THE PARKER

84

1001 1

MS.

(R)

Her on pysum geare wses micel iinfrift on 7nge\


londe
cynnes
Jmrh scip here, "j wel gehwser hergedon ~)
bser[n]don, swa f hy upp asetton on senne si}? f hy coman
.

to ^E]?elinga dene. 3

him

wift gefuhton.

gerefa

ofslegen.

to geanes Hamtun scir, 3


wearft iE]?elweard cinges heah

com

]?a

ftser

~]

Leofric

J?ser

Hwitciricean, j Leofwine

set

cinges heah gerefa, 3 Wulfhere bisceopes ftegn, 3 Godwine


set Worftige,
iElfsiges bisceopes sunu. 3 ealra manna an j

Denescra micle

ma

ofslegenra. ]?eahfte hie wselstowe ge weald ah tan.


J foran fta J?anon west oj? *p hy coman to Defenan, 3

hm

hund
30.

eahtatig.

wearft

J?ser

J?ara

com

Pallig mid J?an scipan fte he gegaderian


he
asceacen wses fram iEftelrede cyncge
mihte, for]?am J?e
ofer ealle fta ge trywfta fte he him geseald hsefde, 3 eac se
cyng hbn wel gegifod hsefde on hamon, 3 on golde j
to geanes

J?ser

seolfre.

forbserndon Tegntun, 3 eac

fela

oftra

godra

hama

J?e we genemnan ne cunnan, 3 heom man syftftan


frift wift nam.
3 hy foran J?a ]?anon to Exanmuftan,
j?ser
swa f hy asettan him upp on senne sift oft hy coman to

Peon ho,
Eadsige
fyrde

J?ser

Kola

cynincges

J?ses

fte

wses

cyninges heah gerefa, 3

ftses

gerefa to geanes

hy ge gaderian mihtan,

hy

him mid

ftsere

a flymede

ftser

wurdon, 3 ftser wear ft fela ofslegenra, 3 fta Denescean


ah tan wsel stowe geweald
3 ftses on mergen forbserndon
;

J?one

hama

ham

set

Peon

ho,

set

Glistune, j eac fela godra


cunDan, j foran fta eft east

we genemnan na
ongean oft hy coman to Wiht
don
man

J?e

ftone

ham

ra])e ]>aes

set

Wealtham.

wiSJnngode.

Here again after 1001 several


single-line annals had been marked
out, which had to be subsequently
erased.
2

MS. A. (W.)

closes here,

and has

J?Ees

on mergen forbsern-

3 oftra cotlifa fela

hy namon

2
.

heom

friS.

not the latter entries of H\, in which


a change of hand is noticeable at
this point.
3
*

norsan. D.
wel neah eall West Cent. F.

THE LAUD

MS.

85

(E)

3
ge weald ^ naman )?a hors
3 ridan swa wide swa hi woldon
4
fornaeh
ealle
Weast
sylf. j
Centingas fordydon. "J forhergodan.
Da raedde se cyng wi5 his witan man sceolde mid scipfyrde.
.

mid landfyrde him ongean

$a J?ascipu gearwe
wseron. pa elkede man
fram daege to daege. 3 swencte f
earme folc pe on "5am scipon lagon 6 3 a swa hit for&wearde 7
beon scolde. swa hit laetre waes fram anre tyde to oSre. "j a
hi leton heora feonda waerod wexan. 3 a man rymde fram
eac

~]

faran. ac

sa3.

psere

hi ferdon aefre forS aefter. 3 J^onne aet J>am ende

"j

ne beheold hit nan J>ing seo scipfyrding. buton folces


swine. 3 feos spilling. 3 heora feonda forSbylding.
1000.

Her on

tSissum

geare se cyng ferde in to

ge

Cumer 8

lande. 3 hit swiSe neah eall forhergode. 3 his scipu wendon


ut abuton Legceastre. and sceoldan cumon ongean nine, ac hi
ne mihton. J?a ge hergodon hi Maenige. 3 seo unfrrSflota waes
sumeres ge wend to Eicardes 9 rice.
)?aes

1001.

Her com

Sere byrig. j

faestlice

peer

faestlice

ExanmuSan.

se here to

feohtende

wiSstod. } heardlice.

swy(5e
f land. 3 dydon eall

pa ge somnode man

swa
]?aer

hi

bewuna

3 up t$a eodan to
waeron. ac him man

Da

ge wendon hi geond
waeron. slogon j beorndon.

ormaete fyrde of 10 De'fe'nisces folces.

somne comon set Peonnho. 3


beah seo Englisce fyrd 11
J?a
hi pddr my eel wael of slogon. 3 ridan pa ofer f land. 3 waes
aefre heora aeftra sytS wyrse J?onne se aerra. 3 mid him pa
mycele herehuSe to scipon brohton. 3 Jmnon wendon in Wiht
land 12 3 f>aer him ferdon on buton swa swa hi sylf woldon. -j
him nanbing ne wi5 stod. ne him to ne dorste sciphere on sae 13
ne land fyrd. ne eodon hi swa feor up. Waes hit J>a on aelce

Sumor saetisces.

hi

Sa

to

sona swa hi togaedere fengon.


I

~)

wisan hefig tyma. forSam pe hi naefre heora yfeles geswicon.


5

ylcodan

)>a

deman. C.

ilkede

man. D.
6
7
8

laeg. C. D.
for werdre. C.

Cumber. D.

9
10

Rikerdes. D.
of,

om. C. D.

u beah f
forS wserdre.

D.

12

into

(recte).

fole. C.

Wiht lande.

13

(to genealaecan.)

C. D.

F. interlined.

f.

41. b.

GLOSSAEY.
The student

is advised before using the glossary to consult


the explanatory note given on pp. 3, 4.

a,

prep. on. 995E.

p. 82I.

v. on.

'

a, adv.
aye,'
aa. 975D.

Abban-dun,

959, 999E.

always.

sb.f.str.

NL.

'
;

Berks.

down,' Abingdon,

Abba's
977C.

984E.

abbud

abbod

(1),

abbot

(2),

(3),

an abbot. 8o3A(i). 905


963E.P. 67b. (3). dat. -de.

sb.m.str.

(2).

964A

(2).

abbudesse

abbodesse

(1),

(2), sb.

805A (1), pl.nom.


f.wlc. abbess.
-san. 982C (2).
abbot- rice, sb.n.str. abbey; office, or
jurisdiction of an abbot (used even
of a convent of nuns). 963E. p. 67 1.

a-blendan, wk.vb. to blind, put out


the eyes of. 99 3E.
a-brecan, st.v. to break down, destroy. 921A. p. 53h. p.sg. abraec.
894A. p. 39 1. p.pl. abrxcon. 893A.
p.p. abrocen. 993 C. D.

+a-bugan

st.v.

to bend, to incline.

pr.pl. -gaS. 979E.


a-butan (1), -ton

cf.

onbugan.

(2),

prep.acc.

963E. ad fin. (1).


adverbial, 91 5D. 999

about, around.

1000E

(2).

(2).
v. on-butan.

a-bysgian, wk.v. to busy, to occupy.


p.p. abisgod. 894A. p. 39b.
ac, conj. but. 89 7A, ad init. 959E.

ad fin. & fq.


Acemannes-ceaster,

a-cwelan, st.v. to die, perish, p.sg.


acwsel. 926D. p.pl. acwajlon. 918
A. p.p. hungre acwolen, starved.
1.
^ 894A. p. 39
a-dil(i)gian, wk.v. to destroy, devastate. 979E.
p.sg. -igode 793E.
p.pl. adyligodan F.

a-drsefan* (1), a-drefan (E), (2),


wk.v. to drive away, expel, p.pl.
-fdon 878* (1).
-fed

975A

(1).

874E (2). p.p.


790E (2). Gt -fed.

^ 985E. (I).
a-drencan, wk.v. to submerge, to
drown, p.pl. adrencton 890*.
to drive out, expel.
F. 995 ad fin. p.pl.
adrifon 823A. -fen. E. p.p. adri-

a-drifan,

st.v.

p.sg. adraf.

fen. 806E.
a-drincan, st.v. to be drowned.
p.sg. adranc. 933E. p.pl. adruncon
794E. p.p. adruncen 853*.
a-ebbian, ick.v. to ebb away, recede. _p.^?.ahebbad897A.p. 43 1.
eefen, sb.m.str. evening, eve. 912C.

sefen-tid, sb.f.str. even-tide, evendat. -de. 979E.


ing,
sefer gieta,
eefre, adv. ever. 998E.

ever yet. 937A. p. 61 b.


fseftan, adv. from behind, behind.
937A. p. 61b.
eefter, prep.dat.instr. after

871*

&

fq. of persons,

of time,
after, in

pursuit of, 879E. 896A; with


verbs of sending = for, 994E along,
;

sb.f.str.

NL.

Bath. 973 A. cf.setAcemannesberi


cf. BaSum.
f> ys at BaSam. 97 2F.
a-cennan, wk.vb. to beget, bring
forth,
p.p. (akoenned) 925 a.
a-cennedness, sb.f.str. birth, gene^ ration, ace. -se. 963E. p. 69 1.
Aclea, sb.f.str. NL. Ockley, Surrey
(Thorpe). 789E.

following (secundum) 878*; aefter


Jxm, Jjxm, thereafter. 963A. 893*
put after its case, 878*, adverbial,
= after, in pursuit. 905A. 999 E.
seftera (A), eeftra (E). adj.comp.
hinder, next, second. 827A. 1001
E. dat. (eaftran) 975E.
;

8Bfter-fyligend, -fUigend, pres.part.


following after, succeeding; as

GLOSSARY.
gen.sg.wk. -dan.

successor,

subs,

-dum. 995F. p. 80b.


seg-hwser, adv. everywhere. 918A.
998E.
seg-hwseper (A), aeg-hwetfer (E),

984A.

dat.pl.

87

only of the Danish ships), acc.pl.


dat. -cum. 897A. p. 42 m.
eesc-mami, sb.m.str. one of the crew
of such ships, a viking, a pirate.
-cas.

gen.pl. -na. 921 A. p. 54b.

pron. each, every. 887*.


'
seg-hwonan, adv. every whence,'
from all parts. 921 A. p. 54m.

JEsces-dun,

2Eglea, v. Iglea.
2Eg(e)les-burg, sb.f.str. NL. Aylesbury, Bucks, ace. -byrig. 921 A.

set,

P-

53m.

eegper, pron. either,

both,

894A. ad init.
-brum 91 8 A. f. -pere.
853E.

acc.m.

dat.m.

-J>erne

ib.

^
eegtSer, conj. either, both.

ge

-ftre.

both .... and. 906* se


se. ge ....
ge .... ge
897A. p. 42 m.

and. 994E.
eac.

& adj. each, any,


911 A. f. -ce 892 A.
gen.m. -ces. 919C. inst.m. -ce 894
A. p. 36 1. dat.m. -cum. ib. p. 37 1.
f. -ere. ib. p. 39 m. dat.pl. -cum.

eelc, pron.subst.
all.

acc.n.

891A.
selmesse, sb.f.wlc. alms.
887* 888*.

ace.

-an.

&

959E. 97iB.

(1) aofo. formerly, previously.


797*. (2) con/. ere,' before that.
877*. 919A. (with subj.)
fser, sb.m.str. wave,
gen.pl. sera.
eer,

'

937A.

p.

6oh.

v. ear.

eerest, adj. sup. first. 943a.


-tan. 78 7 A. (er-) E.

pl.wJc.

eerest, adv.sup. first, for the first time,

in the first instance. 787*. 991E.


adv. comp. before, earlier.

eeror,

63
eerra,
adj.comp.
1001E.
942C.

p.

campe, in battle. 93 7 A. ad init.


with verbs of depriving = of, 887*
with verbs of buying, asking, learning, from a person of, 963E. p.

set

67 b. 995 F. ad init.
persons with places =
set WorSige, G.
of

earlier,

former.

ees, sb.n.str. (1) food, meat, carrion,


gen. aeses. 937 A. p. 61b. hence

generally (2) prey, booty. 975E.


and hence
sesc, sb.m.str. ash-tree
anything made of ash, a ship (but
;

connecting
of,

Godwine

W. 1001A.

so : biscop set Dorceceastre, bishop


of D. 897A. p. 42 h.
eet-berstan, st.v. to escape, p.sg.
setbserst. 992E. p.pl. set burston.

943D.
set-geedere, adv. together, begen

894A. p. 39 h.
set-samne (1), set-somne

(2),

se.

adv.

together. 937A. p. 61 l(i)-905A(2).


eet-sittan, st.v. to sit by, to remain.

eet-standan,
p.sg.

905A.
stand, stand up.

st.v. to

set stod.

978E.

eet-swimman, st.v. to escape by


swimming, p.pl. ut set swummon.
918A. cf. oft- s.
set-ywian (i),eet-eowian*(2),?fc.i>.
to appear, to display, p.sg. -wde.
892A. 995E (2). p.p. -wed. 975A.

ad Jin.

(1)

814*.

se'Seling,

(ateowod) 995F. adinit.


fljcl

/.

nom.m.wk.
937A. p. 58b.
In the
prince.

noble,
-le.

sb.m.str.

Chron. always of members of the


West Saxon royal family. 905 A.
933E. &fq. (epeling) 972E. gen.
-ges. 905 A. (of a foreign prince).

982C.
JEpelinga-dene,
of princes.'

n.

eastan.
;

-la.

messenger.

NL. Ashdown,

prep.dat. at. of place at, in,


887*. 866E, & fq. of circumstance,

sepel, adj.

eerce, v. arce.

serend-raca, sb.m.wk.
pi. -can 905A.

v.

eestan, 887E.

p.pl. aetsston.

fsel-peodig, v. el-,
aenig, pron.adj. any. nom.m.
/.
994E. acc.m. -gne. 894A. ad imY.
*
ser, prep.dat.
ere,' before, ger him.
j

sb.f.str.

Berks. 871*.

sb.f.wlc.

NL.

Alton,

valley

Hants

(Earle). 1001A.
JEpelinga-ig (E), -eig (A), sb.f.str.
isle of princes,' NL. Athelney.
'

dat.-ge.

878*.

fsewisc-mod, adj. disgraced in mind,


abashed, nom.pl.m. -de. 937A.
p.

61

m.

GLOSSARY.

88

afar a, afera, v. eafora.


a-faran, st.v. to go out, to depart.
aforon. 794*. p.p.
afaren, gone out. 894A. p. 38 L

918A. p.pl.

fit

of the Avon, Somerset. 91 8A.


a- flyman* (1), a-flieman (A.) (2).
wTc.v. to cause to flee, to banish.

aflymde fit. 994A. ut a. E.


(aflaemde) 956 a.
p.pl. -mdon.
797A (2), E(i). p.p. -med. 836
A (2). pi. -mede. 1001A. (1).

p.sg.

overthrow,

agan,

st.ick.v.

a-gan,

st.v.

fall,

to

p.p. -led. 975A.


to own, to possess.

ahte.

p.sg.

cause to

982C.

p.pl.

to go, pass.

ahton.

p.p. agan.

973 A. pi. of agane. gone away.


897A. p. 42 1.
fa-gangan, st.v. to pass away, to
pass. p.p. agangen, 973A.
agen, adj. tlQZVi, own, one's own.
acc.m. -ne. 995F. p. 82I. dat.sg.f.
m. -num. 813E.
-nre.
794*.
agnum. A.
wlc.vb. to destroy, lay
p.p. -ted. 937A. p. 5Kb.
a-gifan, st.v. to give up, to restore.
agef.
p.sg. ageaf. 894A. p. 38 b.

*f-a-getan,

free.

p.sg. -sde. 942

918A (2).
a-mansumian,
nicate,

Afene-mupa, sb.m.wk. NL. mouth

-f-a-fyllan, wk.v. to

ransom,

.A

ic

wk.v. to

excommu-

-mie. 963E. p. 69

mbres-burh,

sb.f.str.

(1).

m.

NL. Ames-

bury, Wilts. 995 F. ad init.


(once written on, 879A.) adj. (1)
one. 875* & fq.
acc.m. anne. 893
A. anne. E. 1001 A. f. ane. 8 79 A;
an. E. /. ane. 879A. an.E. dat.m.

an

anum. 888*./.

anre. 941 A.

(answering to oSre).

999E.
ane.

inst.

885*
(ana) wana, less by one.
972E. on an, right on, straight
on. 963E. p. 68b.
so anan. 995F.
;

82 h. to anum gecierdon, they


united. 835*.
(2) a certain one.
his an munac, a monk of
Tis.
his. 963E. p. 67 1. an of J>am, one
of them. 99 2 F. gen. anes. 806F.
an efor, a boar. 885*.
(3) a, an.
dat. on anum bate. 891 A.
(4)
alone (in this sense it is used also
p.

definitely, and with a plural).


nom.m. ana. 978E. pi. ]>a ane,
those alone. 91 8 A.
v. on.
an, prep. 984

ond

low.

and

ib.

when
generally abbreviated, 7
written in full it is ond in A.
and in E. e.g. 852.
e-9- 8 53- 855.
ond. 798F.
855. 8c fa.
Andefera, sb.m.wk. NL. Andover,

st.vb. to lift up, exalt.


p.p. (ahofen.) 795E.
a-hebbian, v. a-ebbian.
sL-hon, st.v. to hang up. Sg'jA.adJini
a-hreddan, ivJc.vb. to 'rid,' to deliver, rescue,
psg. -de wh5, delivered from. 994E.
p.pl. -don.

a-hebban,

r
A
. 9 7
aht, sb.n.str. aught, anything, gen.
J>e ahtes wzeron, which were of any
-

value. 99 2 E.
a-hweer, adv.

where. 992E.
init.

cf.

where, every
(awar) 995F. ad

any

eg-hwer.

a-lsedan, wk.v. to lead off, take away.


896A. p.p. -ded. 906A.
aid, aldorman, all, v. eald, etc.
a-leogan, st.v. to belie, be false to.
p.pl. alugon.

941D.

Alor, NL. Aller, Somerset, dat. Aire.

(1),

a-liesan (2), to redeem,

(A.),

and.

conj.
;

Hants, dat. -an. 994E.


and-lang, prep.gen. along. 887* &fq.
on long. 88 2 A.

fand-lang

(1), ond-long (2), adj.


all along,
-ne daeg,

continuous,
all

day

B. C. D.

long.

937A.

p. 6ot.

(2),

(1).

and-swerian, wk.v. to answer, p.sg.


-ade. 963E. p. 69b.
-ode. ib. p.
68 h. p.pl. -swaredan. 995F. p.
82m.
and-weard, adj. present, of time.
851A. |/]weard.]
an-gean, a-gean, adv. again, in turn,
995 F. p. 82 b. v. on-gean.
sb.m.str.

angean-cume,
coming
ad fin.

again,

Angel-cynn*

*78*.
alo"5, v. ealo.

a-lysan

(E.),

(1),

gen.

return,

-es.

Ongel-

995F.

(2),

On-

gol- (3), sb.n.str. 'the Angle kin,'


the English
England.
people,

GLOSSARY.
(2)

and

A.

(3) only in

(2).

gen.

885A

(2).

816A

901

975E.
789*

-nes.

Angle,

sh.pl. m.str. the

(1),

a-sceacen,

(1),

move.

dat. -ne.

(3).

975E.
an-ginn, sb.n.str. beginning,
angynne. 809F.

dat.

Angles, the

87 1 A. ad Jin.
an-ness, sb.f.str. unity, agreement,
covenant, ace. -se. 92 T A. p. 55 m.
an-streces, adv. at one stretch, con-

894A.

p.

40b.

an-weald, an-wald (A),

sb.m.str.

dominion.
power,
jurisdiction,
91 8C. gen. -des. 919C. dat. -die. A.
v. on- weald,

a-nydan, a-nidan,
force.

p.p.pl.

wJc.v. to

anidde.

anydde. E.
apostol, sb.m.str. apostle,

compel,

823A.
gen.pl.

-la.

984A.
Apulder, sb.m.str. NL. Appledore,
Kent. 893*.
ar, sb.f.str. an oar.
gen.pl. ara.
89 7 A. arena B. p. 42 m.
a-rsedan, to take counsel, appoint,
determine [generally wlc.v. but in
the following instance it is str.~].

p sg. areM. 921 A. p. 55 b.


a-reeran, a-reran, wk.v. to rear, to
exalt, p.sg. arerde. 959E.
arce (1), erce (2), serce (3), sb.rn.
sir. the archiepiscopal pallium.
995F.

p.

82 m.

(2,

3.)

997F(i).

glossed pallium,
arce-bisceop, -cop (1), serce- (2),
erce- (3), sb.m.str. an archbishop.

994A. 888E (1). A. (3) 963E. p.


69b (3). 870A. 963E. p. 68h (2)

&fq.

pi. -pas.

979C

(3).

arce-bisceop-rice (1), arce-biscopriee (2), sb.n.str. archbishopric.

994A(i). 995F.P. 82b


arce-biscop-stol,

flee.

(1) to shake off, reintr. to remove, to

st.v.

(2)

asceacen waes

p.p.

frani,

had deserted. 1001A.

English, gen.pl. Angla. 975E.


an-lipig, adj. single, one by one.

tinuously.

89

(2).
archisb.m.str.

dat. -le.
episcopal see. 988E.
arce-stol, sb.m.str. archiepiscopal
see.
dat. -le. 988C.

far-hweet, adj. eager for glory.


pl.n. arhwate. 937A. adjin.
ta-risan, st.v. to arise, p.pl. (arysan)=arison. 975D.
ar-wyrtJlice,acZt?. honourably. 977C.

st.v.

a-scufan,

to shove, push,

ut a.

897A. p. 43 m.
d-sendan, tvk.v.

to send out, send.


p.p. to asend, sent to. 905A.
a-settan, wk.v. to put, to place,
intrans. to transport one's-self, to
go. p.pl. asettan. 893 A. (asaet-

uppasetton. 1001A.

ton). E.

a-sittan, st.v. to settle


(of ships)
to ground, p.pl. asseton. 897A.
p. 42 b.
p.p. aseten. ib. p. 43 1.
6-spanan, st.v. to allure, to seduce.
;

p.sg. dspon. 905A. p.p. aspanen.


921A. p. 54I.
d-stihtan, wlc.v. to determine on,
decree, p.p. d-stiht. 998E.
a-stingan, st.v. to bore out, pierce
out. p.pl. astungon. 797A. ut a. E.
fa-swebban, wk.v. lit. to make to
slrep

metaph. to

swefede. 937A.

p.

kill,

p.p.pl. a-

60 m.
set on

fire, to
a-tendan, wk.v. to
kindle. 994F. v. on-tendan.
a-timbr(i)an, wk.v. to build up.
-bran. 91 3 A.
-brian. D.
ap, sb.m.str. an oath, acc.pl. apas.

874*.

dat.pl.

apum. 921A. adjin.

son of
^Ethelwulf. 90 1 A.
a-pystrian (1), a-peost- (2), a-pist(3), apiest- (4), wk.v. to grow
dark (of the sun or moon) to be

Apulfing,

^ESelwulfing,

p.sg. -rode. 885. 879A


827* (3). -rade. 802

eclipsed,
(4).

(2).

(1).

p.p. -rod, -rad. 795.

E(3).
a-weg, adv. away,
39b.

v.

out.

800

894A.

p.

on-weg.

a-weorpan,

st.v. to

cast

off,

reject.

pp.acc.m. a-worpen(n)e. 867*.


a-werian, wk.v. to ward off, defend.

awerede. 921 A. p. 53b. p.


aweredon. 885A. -dan. E.
*f"-yrnan, st.v. to run away, pass,
p.sg.
pi.

go.

p.p. a-urnen. 973A.

Baddan-burh,

sb.f.str.

NL. Bad-

bury, Dorset, dat. -byrig. 901 A.

GLOSSARY.

9o

sb.f.wTc. 'Badeca's
Bakewell, Derbyshire.

Badecan-wylle,
well.'

NL.

dat. -wiellon.

Bebban-burh
sb.f.str.

924A.
Bsebban-

(1),

'Bebba's

Northumberland.

borough,

(2).

NL. Bam-

fort.'

F (1) E (2).

993

dat. -byrig. 926D (1).


Bssgere, sb.pl.m.str. the Bavarians.
dat. -rum. 891A.
bsernan, wk.v. to burn. p.pl. baerndon. 1001A. ad init. 99 7E.
sb.71.str. burning, arson.
dat. -te. 994E.
fbeefi (A), ba8 (E), sb.n.str. bath,
ganotes b. the gannet's bath,

bsernett,

i.e.

the sea. 975*.

fban, sb.n.str. bone, dat.pl. banum.


979E.
fbana, sb.m.ivlc. 'bane,' a slayer.
nom.pl. banan. 979E.
Basingas (E), -engas (A), sb.pl.m.

NL.

str.

Hants.

Basing,

dat.

-gum. 871*bat, sb.m.str. a boat. 891 A.

dat.

bate. ib.

Baftum

Baflan

(1),

A (2).
ib.

D.

906A
Cf.

(2),

(eet)

NL. Bath. 973


aet BaSum tune.

dat.pl. of baeS.
(1)

Acemannes-ceaster.

be, bi, prep. dat. inst. by.


(1) by,
be Temese, on or near
on, near
the Thames, 879* but, (2) beT.,
be Saeferne, along the Thames.
;

894A.

p.

39 m.

bi

cf.

swa hwa-

or on whatever
(3) by, according to. 885* adfin. (4) of time; in,
about, be heora
dagan, 995F.
J)erre efes, along,
side.
ib. p. 36 1.

80 m. be
gemynde, within
be naman, by
memory. 959E.
name. 975A. p. 72 b. be eastan,
be noiSan, &c, v. eastan, &c.
v.
p.

weg.
sb.n.str.

war-

work. gen.pl. -ca. 93 7 A. p. 6ih.


be-eeftan, adv. after, behind. 905A.
beah, sb.m.str. a ring, bracelet, dat.
beage. 876*.
ring-giver.

sb.f.str.

(1),

-gyfa

937A ad

A ad init. (2).
beam, sb.m.str. fcattm,

(2), sb.rn.w7c.
init. (1). 975

(1)

a tree. (2)

a beam, rafter, dat. beame. 978E.


(3) a beam, ray. acc.pl. -mas. 799C.

NL.

Berkshire. 860*.

be-beodan, st.v. to command, enjoin.


p.sg. behead, 995F. p. 81 b.
(bebeod). ib. ad fin.
be-bod, sb.n.str. a command. 905A.
dat. -de. 995F. p. 82 b.
be-byr(i)gian, wJc.v. to bury. p.sg.
-gde. 979E. p.p. -ged. 789E.
fbe-cuman, st.v. to come, to arrive.
p.pl. up
to land.

becdman, came up, came


93 7 A. ad fin.

st.v. to drive, to pursue.


p.pl. bedrifon. 890*.
be-ebbian, wk.v. to leave aground
by the ebb. p.p.pl. beebbade.

be-drifan,

897A.

p.

43 h.

be-feestan, tok.v. to put in safe


keeping, secure, entrust, p.sg. -te
886A. (befeste)E. p.pl. -ton 893
A. p. 4<3t p.p. befaest. 896A.
be-faran, st.v. to overtake, to sur-

round, p.sg. befor. 905 A.


be-foran, prep.dat. before, of time.
93 7 A. sub fin.
be-foran, adv. before. 995F. p. 82

m.
be-gan, st.v. to occupy oneself with,
engage in. p.pl. beeodan. 995F.
p. 81 b.

begen, adj.pron.pl. both. 871*. 867


A.
(bege) 85 2E.
(bsegen) E.
v.

butu.

be-geondan,
885A.
be-gitan,

+beadu-weorc,

fbeah-gifa

Beam-fleot, sb.m.str. NL. Benfleet,


Essex.
894A. p. 38 m.
Beardan-ig, sb.f.str. NL. Bardney,
Lines. 906D.
beam, sb.n.str. 'bairn,' child.
975A. pl.nom. beam. ib. ad init.
dat.pl. bearnum. 894A. p. 38 1.
Bearruc-scir (1), Barruc- (2),

st.v.

prep.dat.

beyond.

to get possession of,

to obtain.

904D. p.sg. (beget.)


begeat.
91 9 A.
918D.
p.pl.
begeatan. 937 A. ad fin. (begeton)
89 7 A, ad init.
be-hatan, st.v. to promise 994F.
p.sg. behet. 994E. subj. behete. ib.
p.pl. beheton. 865E.
be-healdan, st.v. to avail, effect.
p.sg. beheold. 999E.

be-heonan (1), be-hinon


hienan (3), prep.dat. on

(2),

be-

this side

GLOSSARY.
878A

of.

3ob.

(2)

885 A. p.

(1).

(3).

be-hindan, prep. dat. behind. 937A.


p.

61

1.

behind.

adv.

be-hindan,

894A.

p. 3 8t.

deprive of
-sude,
885, A.
p.p.pl.

horses,

to

wlc.v.

be-horsian,
-sade. E.

bootless bene,'

Wordsw.)

bene. 963E. p. 681.

ace.

dat. 885*.

Beneficce, (?) sb.f.wk. NL. R.


Beane, Herts, dat. -an. 913A.

be-niman, st.v. to deprive, p.p.


benumen. 9190.^. -ne, 895A.
be-notian, wh.v. to use, consume.
-todne.

masc.acc.

p.p.

p.

3811.

(B.)
ben-tigfle, adj. having obtained a

prayer. 883E.
C.

proclaim. 905
budon. 827*.

beon,

-ti])ige.

B.

-tife.

command,

A (2). to offer,

to

p.pi.

v.subst. to be.

891A. 999E.
963E. p. 68 b.
beo. ib. sie. 892 A. pres.sg. is. 893*
ys. 995F. p. 80 1. pres.pl. syndon.

pres.subj.sff.

(be.)

979E. v. wesan.
+beorht, adj. bright,
p.

58

nom.f. 93 7 A.

1.

tbeorn,
937A.

sb.m.str. a
p.

61

gen.pl. -na

1.

man, hero, chief.


pl.nom. -nas 973A.

937A. ad

ad init.
beornan, wk.v.

init.

975A.

p.p. -ndon.
be-rsedan, wlc.v.
p.sg.

to

to

deprive, disbersedde set, de-

prived of. 887*.


be-reafian, wk.v. to

'

bereave,'

to

p.pi. (berefodon.) 794E.


p.p. bereafod. 9 75 A.
be-ridan. st.v. to pursue, overtake,
surprise, p.sg. berad. 901A.
be-rowan, st.v. to row past or
round. 897A. sub Jin. p. 43m.
despoil,

be-scierian (A), be-scerian (E),


wk.v.
821*.

to

beslegen C. ib.
be-sorg, adj. what one cares
dear, beloved, pi. -ge. 91 7C.

deprive.

p.p.

be-sittan, str.v. to besiege,

-red.

p.sg.

st.v.

p.sg. bespeon.

be-stelan,
to steal

st.v.

for,

to allure, attract.

959E.
reflex,

away from.

p. pi. bestselon. 876*


away inland. 865*.

with gen.,
p.sg. bestael.
up b., stole

fbe-strypan, wk.v. to strip, despoil.


p.pl. -ptan. 975D.
be-swican, st.v. to deceive, betray.
p.p. beswicen. 790E.
bet, adv. comp. better. 995 F. p.
82 h.

sup. betst. ib.t.

be-tsecan, wk.v. to entrust, commit.


p.sg. betamte. 992E. 943a.
fb^tan, wk.v. to make better, amend.

959E.

betera, comp. adj. better,

pl.nom.

beaduweorca beteran., better in


respect of .... 937A. p. 61 h.
sup.wk. se betsta. 891A.
be-trseppan, wk.v. to entrap, catch.
inf. (betrseppen). 99 2 E.
be-tweoh (1), be-twuh. (2), be-

tweox(3), be-twux(4),be-twyx
prep. dat. ace.
(5), be-twix (6),
of places and dates, between, dat.
92 1 A. ad init. 890E. (6) (butueoh) A. 905A. (2) D. (1) 913A.
(3) ace.

be-wuna,

burn (trans.).
870E. 1001E.

possess,

fbe-slean, st.v, to cut off, deprive.


p.p. beslagen.
937A. p. 60b.

p.sg. bette.

(1) to

st.v.

beodan,

894A. p. 37 b. p.pi. bes&ton 91 8 A. p. 50 b. (besetton).


868E. p.p. beseten. 895A,
besaet.

fbe-spanan,

remain, be left.
p.sg. belaf. 995F. p. 82h.
ben, sb.f.str. a prayer, 'bene' (of.
to

st.v.

be-lifan,

91

795E. (4) F.
adj.indecl.

(5).

accustomed,

wont. 100 1 E.
ask, to intreat, beg,
(bed) 963E.
ad init. p.pl. baedon. 868*.
*t"bil-gesleht, sb.n.str. clashing of
bills or falchions, gen. -tes. 937A.
st.v. to

biddan,
p.sg.

p.

61

bsed.

853A.

1.

binnan, prep.dat.acc. within. (1)


of place, ace. 896A. dat. 901 A.
(2) of time. dat. 947D.
binnan, adv. inside, 867*.
bisceop*, biscop*, sb.m.str. a bishop,
passim, pi. biscepas. 833 A.
bisceop-dom (1), biscop- (2), sb.
m.str. a bishopric, dat. -me. 813
E. 9ioA(2). 981c (1).

GLOSSARY.

92

biscop-rice, sb.n.str. a bishopric.


dat. 963E. ad init.

fbreme,

bisceop-stol.s&.m.atfr.abishop'sseat,
a see. 984A. dat. -le. 980C.

Bremes-burh,

sb.m.str. bishop's son,

biscep-sunu,
i.

e.

cf.

bishops godson,
dat. -na.

Ine, 76.

Laws

of

853A.

bismor,

sb.n.str. disgrace, indignity.


dat. -re. 99 2 E.
+blanden -feax, adj. grizzly-haired.
93 7 A. p. 6 it.

bletsian, wh.v. to bless, consecrate.


pres. ic (blaetsige). 963E. p. 69 m.
p.sg. bletsade. 855F.

bletsung

(1),

bledsung

dat.

blessing,

-ge.

(2), sb.f.str.

A. 813

(2).

E(i).
fbliss, sb.f.str. joy, merriment. 973

A.

975A. ad fin.

ace. blisse.

adj. glorious,
gen. bremes. 973A.

997E.

breast.

d.pl.

sb.n.str.

fbreost,

975A. p. 72 m.
fbrim-stream, sb.m.str. ocean, surfstream. 94 2 A.
bringan, st.v. to bring. 995F. p. 82 h.
broga, sb.m.wh. terror, horror, dat.
-turn.

-gan. 99 1 E.
broftor (1), bropur (2), sb.m.str.
a brother. 871
(2). E (1). &

963E. ad init.
blodig, adj. bloody. 979C.
boc, sb.f.str. a book, a charter.
dat.
pl.nom. bee. 937A. p. 62 1.
(bocan) 995 F. p. 80 m.
boc-laeden, sb.n.str. 'book-Latin,'
book language, learned language.
on boclseden. 892A.

sb.m.str.

dat.
bosom.
60 h.
fbrad, adj. broad. 893*. masc.nom.
def. for indef. brada. 942A.
sb.m.str.

bosme. 937 A.

p.

Bradan- Relic, sb.m.str. NL. FlatHolme, dat. -ce. 918A.


fbrad-brim, sb.n.str. broad- wave.
acc.pl. -mu.

937 A. sub fin.

Braden (1), Braeden (2), sb.m.str.


NL. Bredon forest, Wilts. dat.
-ne. 905A (1). D (2).
brecan,

st.v.

to break, (in military

sense) to storm, break into.


braec.

p.sg.

92 1 A. ad init. (brec). 885 E.

p.pi. braecon.

851*.

dot-

brohtan.
p. 38 1.
(brahtan) 995F. p. 82 1.

894A.

so/?,
broftor-sunu

ad init.
fbosum,

NL. Brams909D.

brengan, wh.v. to bring, ut b., to


bring out. 896A. psg. brohte.
963E. ad fin.
P-pl. brohton.

blipe, adj. blithe, glad. 995F. p. 81 b.


blipe-lice, adv. blithely, willingly.

fbord-weall, sb.m.str. shield-wall,


i. e. a rank of warriors,
ace. 937A.

sb.f.str.

bury, Lincolnshire.
-byrig. 910C.

renowned.

(E),
brother's

bropur- (A),
son, nephew.

887*.

fbrvican,

st.v.

fctaitchttt,

with gen. 937A.

enjoy,

to

use,

p. 61 b.

sb.fstr. NL. Brunanburh, ? In Durham


(Bosworth) Lancashire (Powell), ace.

Brunan-burh,

93 7 A. dat. -bjrig.

-burh.

brycg,

sb.f.str.

a bridge,

E.

ace.

-ge.

a place name Brycg,


Bricg = Bridgenorth. 8960.9120.
v. Cwatbrycg.
as

887*.

Bryten, sb.f.str. NL. Britain, ace.


-ne. 937A. ad fin. 959F. dat. -ne.
975A. p. 72k
Bryten-wealda (E), Bret-walda
(A), sb.m.wlc. Bretwalda, Wielder
of Britain. 827*. where see note.
Bryton-land, sb.n.str. NL. Britain,
the land of the Britons. 979E.
Bryttas, Brittas (E), Bretbas (A),
sb.pl.m.str. the Bretons, Brittany.
nom.
dat. 890*.

&

fbryttian, wh.v. to divide, distribute. 937 A. p. 61 1.


buan, wh.v. to dwell, to inhabit,

sb.m.str.

NL.

(1) intrans., p.sg. bude. 890*, (2)


trans, p. pi. budon. 919A

terrify,

p.pi.

bregdon. 793E.
fbrego, -gu, sb.m.indecl.

lord.

bufan, prep. dat. above, 896A.


bugan, st.v. (1) to bow, to submit.
(2) to flee.
psg. bea<y. 913A.

Brecenan-mere,
Brecknock. 916C.

bregan,

Brego

ad fin.

wh.v.

to

God. 975A.
bregu. 93 7A. p. 60 1.
engla,

i.e.

beah,

922A

(1).

bugon. 959E

(1).

1001E (2).
999E (2).

p.pl.

GLOSSARY.
to

dwell,

inhabit.

pres.pl. bugeaS.

894A.

p.

bugean,

wJc.v.

924A.

38 h.

NL. Bononia, now

'BvLix(n)e,sb.f wh.

Boulogne in France. da. -an. 893*.

Burch =

burh, or burg. NL. Peterborough. 963E. sub Jin.


burg (1), burn (2), sb.f.str. a fort,
a walled town, 'borough.' 919A
(1).

994E

gen.dat.sg. byrig.
nom.acc.pl.
36 b. byrig,

(2).

896A. 921A. p. 54b.


burga. 942 A. 894A. p.
915D. dat. burgum.
burg-ware, sb.pl.m.str.

918A.
inhabitants

burg,' burghers. 895 A. gen.


dat. -rum. 894A. p.

of a

'

-ra.

896A.

burn-waru, sb.f.str. the inhabitants


of a borough or town collectively.
dat. -re, ib.

994E.

(1),

buton

(2),

adv. outside.

894A. p. 40 h (2).
biitan*, buton*, prep.dat.acc. (1)
dat.
except, all but, but only.
941 A. 878*. ace. 91 8A. 988E.
(2) without, dat. 891A.
(3) out
867*

(1).

of, free

from. dat. 886*.

biitan (E), buton* conj. (1) with


indie, except that, but only. 889*
978 E. (2) with subj. unless. 963
E. p. 69 h.
biite, conj. but.

butu

canonic, sb.m.str. a canon,


-can. 964F.

acc.pl.

Cantwara-rice,s6.w.sr. the kingdom


of the Kentish people, Kent. 836*.
Cantware, sb.pl.m.str. the people of

Kent. nom.

&

dat. 865*. gen. -ra.

827*.

Cantware-burh (E), Contwaraburg (A), sb.f.str. NL. Canter963E. ad


Cariei,

dat. Cantwarbyrig.

851*.

bury.

v.

Carrum

init.

Caziei.

perhaps

(aet),

NL.
carr, a rock.
Dorset. 833*. 840*.
casere,

sb.m.str.

dat.pl.

of

Charmouth,
98 2C.

emperor.

840F.

38....

biitan

93

(1),

buta

897A.
(2),

p. 42I.
both,
acc.n.

87i*(i). ace./. 9 1 8A (2). v. begen.


wJc.v. to buy. p.sg. bohte.

byegan,
963E.

p.

67 1.

"t-byrnan, st.v. to burn (intrans.).


pres.part.f.acc. byrnende. 975 A.

Byrne-wudu, sb.m.str. NL. Bernwood Forest, Bucks. 921 A. p.


53m.
bytlian, wJc.v. to build, p.pi. -ledon.

921A.

p. 53I.

Castra,

NL.

Northants.

Castor,

963E. p. 69b.
Caziei (D.E.F.), Cariei (A.B.C.),
NL.Chezy-sur-Marne. 887*.
ceap, sb.m.str. cattle. 921 A. p. 53b.
gen. ceapes.

895A.
a town,

fort.

dat.

894A. sub Jin.


Ceaster, same as preceding.

NL.

ceaster,

sb.f.str.

-tre.

Winchester. 964A.
Cent, sb.indecl.f. NL. Kent. 823*

Centingas, sb.pl.m. men of Kent.


999E.
Centisc, adj. Kentish, nom.f. -ce. 999
E. Sa-can,theKentishmen.905A.
Cent-land, sb.n.str. NL. the land of
Kent. dat. 994E.
ceorfan, st.v. to cut, to carve.' c.
of, to cut off. 796F.
'

Ceortes-ig, sb.fst. NL. 'Ceort's


island,' Chertsey, Surrey, dat. -ge.

964A.
ceosan, st.v. to choose, p.sg. ceas.
97 5A. ad init. (cxs). g6^. adfin.
fcigan, wk.v. to call, to name.
pres.pl. ctgaS. 973A.
cild, sb.n.str. child.

975A.
*

Cain,

NL.

fcamp,

Cain, Wilts. 978E.

sb.m.str. ftatttpf battle, war.

dat. -pe 937A. p. 58 m.

fcamp-stede, sb.m.str. battle-field.


dat. 937A. p. 60m.
fcandel (1), condel (2), sb.f.str.
candle. 937A. p. 58I. (2),B.C.D.
(I).

Cilda-msesse-deeg, sb.m.str. Children's Mass-day,' i.e. Innocents'


Day, Dec. 28. dat. -dsege. 963 A.

Cippan-nam,

sb.m.str.

NL.

Chip-

penham, Wilts. 878* 879*.


Ciren-ceaster,
cester, Glouc.

Cisse-ceaster,

sb.f.str.

NL.

Ciren-

879* 880*.
sb.f.str.

NL.

fort,' Chichester. 985A.

'

Cissa's

GLOSSARY.

94

adv.
cleanly, purely.
8
ib.
995F.
Clede-mupa, sb.m.wJc. NL. Gladmouth, S. Wales. 92 1 C.
fcleofan, st.v. to cleave,
p.pl.
cleen-lice,

p.

937A. ad

clufan.

init.

cleopian, wh.v. to call, pres.sg. -peft,


-paS. 963E. p. 68 m.
cleric, sb.m.str. a clergyman, cleric,

opposed to
995F. p
monks),
82 1. (clerca) 963E. ad init. dot
(-can.) 995F. ad init.
^cnearr, sb.m.str. a ship, galley
cnear.
nom.sg.
937 B.C. p
is cor
60 n (the reading of
dat.pl. cnearrum. 937A
rupt).
(secular

clergy

as

acc.pl.

-cas.

p.

61 h.

fcneo-msegas,

sb.pl.m.str. kinsfolk,

[cneow, lit. knee, means a step in


the pedigree.] dat. -gum. 937

ad init.
fcneow,

sb.n.str.

knee.

dat.pl

cneowum. 979E.
cniht, sb.m.str. a boy, a lad. ace
894A. p. 38 b.
Coin, sb.f.str. NL. the river Colne
in Essex. 894A. p. 37 b. Calne,

CD.

Colne-ceaster, sb.f.str. NL. Colchester. 92 1 A. p. 54m.


cometa, sb.m.wk. a comet. 892 A.

'

loosing of the chrismale or baptismal fillet. 878*. sub Jin.


Crist, sb.m.str. Christ. 96 3 E. p.
69m. gen. -tes. ib. dat. -te. ib.
Cristen, adj. Christian, acc.n.wh.
-ne.
Cristnan, the
98 2 C.
]>a
Christians ; i. e. the English as
opposed to the Danes. 894A.
p. 39 b.
'
fcriidan, st.v. to crowd,' to press, to
hurry, p.sg. creacl. 93 7 A. p. 60 h.
cuman, st.v. to come. 982C. 092E.
pres.sg.subj. 2 & 3. cume. 995 F. p.
82 b. 963E. p. 69b. p.sg. cuSm.
855A. c6m, 878*. subj. c6me.
894A. p. 38b.
p.pl. cuSraon.
787A. comon. E. 893*. p.p. cumen.894A.p. 38m. dat.abs. -num.
792E. pZ.-ne.793E. with prepp.

com ofer. 918A. comon up. 893*.


+eumbel-gehnad(A),cumbol-gehnast (B. C. D.),

895A.
Corn-wealas

(1),

-walas

(2),

sb.

'
m.pl.str. Corn- welsh,' the Cornish men, Cornwall.
997E (1).
dat. -lum. 891
(2).

tcorfter, sb.n.f.str. a band, a troop,


dat. -ore. 973A. (/. A. n. B. C.)
sb.?ustr.

pl.acc.
cotlifa.

vill,

a village.

963E. p. 67 b.
1001A. ad Jin.

sb.m.str. strength,
ledge, virtue, ace. 975A.

fcreeft,

pl.gen.

know-

learned in
tcrseft-gleaw, adj.
science, nom.m.pl. -we. 975A. p.
72b.
Crecca-gel&d, sb.f.str. NL. Cricklade, Wilts.

905A. [Creocc- D.]

sb.n.str.

conflict

of banners. 937. p. 61 h. [Original


reading of A, culbod-.]

cumpseder, sb.m.str. a godfather.


894A. p. 39 1.

NL.

Cundo'B,

975*-

Corfes-geat, sb.n.str. NL. Corfgate, Dorset. 979E.


corn, sb.m.str. corn, grain. 894A.
ad Jin. 896A.
gen. comes.

cot-lif,

Cridian-tun, sb.m.dr. NL. Crediton, Devon. 97 7C.


to cringe,' yield,
fcringan, st.v.
succumb, die.
p.pl. crungun.
937A. p. 58 m.
crism-lysing, -Using, sb.f.str. the

Conde* on the Scheldt.

883*.

cunnan,

st.-wlc.v. to

be able. 1001 A.

p.pl. cuSan. 995F. ad init.


cunnian, wh.v. to prove, try. 992E.
curs, sb.m.str. curse, ace. 963E.
p.

69 b.

cutf, adj. [cf.

un-couth], (1) known.

975 E.
(2) celebrated, excellent.
ad
init.
F.
995

Cwanta-wic (A), Cant-wic (E), sb.


n.str. NL. Qwantowic or Quentowich ancient name of S. Josse;

sur-Mer, or Estaples. 839*.


Cwat-brycg, sb.f.str. NL. Bridgenorth, Salop. 896 A.
(E), cuen (A), sb.f.str. a
queen. 888A. (cwaen) E. dat. -ne.
885*.
ewettan*, cueftan (A), st.v. to say,
to speak, to declare, pres. ic

cwen

cweSe. 963E.

p. 681.

(cwede)

ib.

GLOSSARY.
p.sg. cwaeft. 995F. p. 82 1. (cwed)
963E. p. 68 h. p.pl. cusedon. 887

A.
p.

cwaedan. 995 F.

(cwaeSon) E.
82 1.

95

cy pp, sb.f.str. native country, 'kith.'


ace. cyJ)J>e. 937 A. bis. pp. 60 1.
61

1.

cyttan, wh.v. to

cwic, cue, adj. 'quick,' alive, pi.


nam. cuce. 794E.
cwild, sb.(m.fn.)str. plague, pestilence, murrain, dat. -de.

make known.

sg.pres.subj. cyj>e.

2nd

995F.

p.
p.pl. (cyddan.) ib. p. 82 h.

897A. ad

82 m.

D.

init.

cyne-boren, p.part. royally born.


pi. ace. -ne. 944E.

cyne-dom,
ship,

cine-,

kingdom,

sb.m.str. kingdat. -me. 795E.

dat.sg. -cum.

cyne-lic, adj. royal,

979E.
cyne-lice, adv. royally. 994E.

ad

fin.

Cynemseres-ford, sb.m.str. NL.


Kempsford, Gloucest. dat. -forda.
800*.

69 h.
fdsed-fruma, sb.m.wJc. deed-doer,
doer of (great) deeds. 942A.
deeg, sb.m.str. day. 851 A.
(daei)
85 2E.
dat.sg. same daege, one
day. 896A. on his daege, in his
time. 860A. so
dat.pl. dagum.
:

cyne-riee (1), cine- (2), sb.n.str.


kingdom, dat. 871A (1). E (2).
cyne-stdl (1), cine- (2), sb.m.str.
royal throne.

795E

deed, sb.f.str. deed. 979E.


acc.sg.
dsede. 948D. pl.nom. daeda. 959E.
'
deed-bot, sb.f.str. deed-bettering,'
amends,
dat. -te.
96 3 E. p.

975E

(1).

dat.

-le.

deel,

(2).

cyng*, cing*, shortened form of


(king)
cyning, cining. passim,
963E. p. 681. dat. cyncge. 1001A.
cyning*, cining*, sb.m.str. king.
(kyning) 878A.
(kypassim.
gen. cynincges.
ningas) 887A.

1001A. pi. (-ges). 937A. p. 60m.


Cyninges-tun, Cinges-tun, sb.m.
str. NL. Kingston, Surrey. 979
E. 924C.

'

sb.m.str.

tfynl,

part,

deal.'

(del)878E. datf.-le.901A.
fdsennian, v. dennian.
885*.

dagian,
'

to

wJc.v.

become day, to

dawn.' 979C.

dagung,

sb.f.str.

dawning, dawn.

dat. -ge. 795E. 802E.


fdaratJ, sb.m.str. a dart, a spear.
gen.pl. -fta. 937A. p. 61 m.
dead, adj. dead. 829F. pi. (daede).

85 2E.

cynn, sb.n.str. sort, kind. gen. -nes.


910A.
Cyric-burh, sb.f.str. NL. Chirbury, Salop. 915C.
(1), cirice (2), sb.f.wJc. a
church. 789E (1).
dat.sg. ciricean. 874A. cyrican. E. cyrcean.

cyrice

996E.
cyrlisc (E), cirlisc (A), adj. rustic,
common, 'churlish.' nom.pl. -ce.
893*.
cyrr (1), cirr (2), cierr (3), sb.m.str.
a turn, an occasion, a time. dat.
sg. -re.

787*. gen. daeges. 879*. daeges,


by day. 894 A. p. 40 h. so on daeg.
894C. p. 36 1. acc.pl. dagas. 894.
ad fin. gen.pl. daga. 894. p. 36 h.

9i8A(2 &

dat.pl. -ron (2).

cyrran, cirran,
turn, to return,

3).

9150(1).

-rum

(1). ib.
cierran, wJc.v. to

and

so, to

submit.

p.sg. cierde. 92 2 A.

cirde.

p.pl. cirdon.

cyrdon. E.

823A.

886A.

dea"8,

dat.pl. (d&dum). 979E.


sb.m.str. death,
dat. -0e.

979E.

977C.

[Defenas
str.

(1),

the

Defnas

people

(2),] sb.pl.m.

of Devonshire,

Devon, gen. -na. 823A(2), E(i).


dat. -num. 96 2 A (1), 894 A. p.
391(2). -nan. 997E. iooiA(i).
Defena-scir (1), Defna- (2), (Defenan-) (3), (Defnan-) (4), Defene-

(5),

8 5 iA(i).

878E

(3).

Devonshire.
8 94 A.p.38h(2).

sb.f.str.

E( 5 ).
997E

(4).

Defenisc, adj. of, or belonging to


Devon, 'Devenish.' nom.m.wJc.
-ca, 988C.
gen.n.str. -ces 1001E.
Dene, sb.pl.m. Danes, str. 910E.
wk. ]>a Denan.
(Daene) 942A.
dat.
gen. -na. 901 A.
943D.
-num. p. 63. n. (B.)

GLOSSARY.

96

Denisc
ish,

(i), Denesc (2), adj. Danacc.sg.str. -cne. 837A. pi.

nom.wk.
(2),

A.

-can, the Danes. 833A


-cean. 1001

}>a

(1),

don, st.v. to do, to put, to place,


876E. imper. do. 995F. p. 82 b.
p.sg. dyde. 853A. 959E. dyde
on, put on. 995F. p. 82b.
p.pl.
dydon. 853A. iootE.

896A(i).

jpl.nom.str. -ce, 924A (1).


-era. 787* (1), 1001

(2).

Done-mupa, sb.m.wk.'NL. (?) Wear-

gen.pl.str.

A (2).

mouth (doubtful reading). 794D.


Dor, sb.m.str. NL. Dore, Derbysh.
(Earle).
Thorpe however takes

wk. -cana. 896 A. 910 A.


-cena. 897A. p. 43 m (1).
dat.pl-cum.

922A

(1).

fdennian, wk.v.

become

?to

the 942

slip-

So Ettmiiller and Grein.


Zupitza would connect it with

river

pery.

Mod. Engl,

942A.

Dorce-ceaster, sb.f.str. NL. Dorchester, Oxon. 897 A. p. 42 h.


Dorn-ssete(i), Dor-seete (2), sb.pl.

the
meaning to hide, to cover. In the
former case we must read with
B.C. feld dennade secga swate ;
feld (daen
in the latter with
hwate.
secgas
937
p. 58 1.
-nede)
den,

it

giving

and

m.str. the

9260(2).
Dyfed,

drsefan, wk.v. to drive, expel, p.sg.


dnefde. 964A. (it dnefde, drove

NL.

South Wales. 91 8 A.
deop, adj. deep. 937A. p. 61 m.
deop, sb.n.str. dype, sb.f.wk. the
deep, the sea.

gen.

out.

ftaire dypan. B.
p. 43 1.
+deor, sb.n.str. thtCt, an animal, cf.
'
Shakesp. such small deer.' 937 A.

61 b.

Deor-ham, sb.m.str. NL. ? Dereham,


Norfolk. 798F.

fdeor-mod,
A. p. 72 1.

adj. bold of mood, 975

fderian, wJc.v. to injure, hurt. pres.


part, pl.acc. (deoriende.) 959E.
diacon, sb.m.str. a deacon. 963A.
die, sb.m.str. a dike, ditch,
dat.pl.
dicum. 905A.
Difelin, NL. Dublin. 937 A. p. 61 m.
\-dinge ,sb.m.(J)str. noise, dashing (?).

See
gen. dinges. 937A. p. 61m.
the various readings. Grein suggests that it may be a proper name.

dohter

(1),

dohtor

daughter. 787A (2)


855*. 852E (2).

dohtor-sunu,

sb.m.str.

(2),

sb.f.str.

(1),

so

a daughter's

son, grand-son. 98 2 C.
Domer-ham, sb.m.str. NL.

domne,
Domuc,

sb.f.(?)str.

Suffolk. 798F.

joy,

pleasure.
to

afflict.

p.pl. drehton. 89 7 A. p. 42 h. (drek-

tan.) 793F.
fdreorig, adj. blood-stained, bloody.
937A. p. 61 m.
st.v. to drive. 787*.
p.sg.
drat ut. 963E. ad init.
dryge, adj. dry. dat.sg. on drygum.

drifan,

on dry ground. 897A. p. 42 b.


(1), drihten (2), sb.m.str.

dryhten

a lord, the Lord. 937A. ad init.

(1).

gen. eces Drihtnes of the Eternal

Lord.

937A.

p.

58

b.

963E.

p.

69I. (2).

durran, st.wlc v. to dare, presume.


p sq. dorste. 1001E. p.pl. dorston.
918A.
dux, Latin word = ealdorman, hereIn 8,45 dux in E. =
toga. 85 1 A.
aldorman in A.

fdynnan, wk.v. ? to

'

din ,' resound, p.

s<7.dynede, p. 58 m (W).v. dennian.

dype, v. deop.
tdyre, adj. dear, beloved. 942A.

DamerE.

ham, Wilts. 946D.


sb.m.str. lord.

sb m.str.

acc.pl. -mas. 975A.


dreccan, wk.v. to vex,

deopes.

J>aes

887A.

+dream,

897 A.

p.

(2). (-tan.)

(2), sb.n.str.

devil-tribute,' idolatry.

(dat.)

of Dorset, Dorset.

837A(i).E

998 E (2).
draca, sb.m.wk. a dragon, serpent.
pi. -can. 793E.

Deomodum

men

dat. -turn.

notes.

deofol-gyld(i), -geld

entry, to refer to the


in
Herefordshire.
dat. Dore. 827*.

Dore

853A.

NL. Dunwich,

ea,

sb.f.

(generally undecl.

in

sg.

but with anomalous gen. eas).


nom. 893* (wrongly masc. in E).

GLOSSARY.

authority, the office of alderman


dat. -me. 966E.
or earl.
ealdor-dom-scipe, sb.m.str. office of
alderman, dat. 983C.

dat. 875* (where see


ace. 890*.
e.
gen. 794E.
note), ese. 896 A.
894A. p. 39 1. eas. 91 8 A. pl.dat.
occurs in the NL. Tweoxneam.
q.v. gen.pl. in the next word.
(set), 'at the meeting
.

NL.

ealdor-man

Emmet,

sb.m.wJc.

an addition,
894A. p. 39 h.

Eald-Seaxe

sb.f.str.

afara

(1),

(4),

off-

(eallon)994F. Adverbial uses: grew.

& pi. ealles, ealra swi))ost, most


of all. 897A. ad init. ealles ^altogether, ealles forswiffe. ib. instr.
mid horsum mid ealle = and everymid ealle = withal.
thing. 893*.
sg.

pl.acc. eagan.

eahtopa (1), eahtepa (2), num.adj.


eighth.827A(i)&(2).E(i). dat.
-San. 975A. p. 72 1. (2). 918 C. (1).
p.

(1),

6it.

(2).

963E. p. 69 h. = utterly. 948D.eall


gewpnod, all armed. 992E.

aid (A) (2), adj. old. 937.


nom.wk. -da. 871A
gen.wli. -dan,

885A.

so, 'also.'

ealo, alo, sb.n.str. ale.

p.

32 1. (2). pl.nom.str. -de. 937 A.


sub Jin. (1). compar.gen.pl. -dran.
99 5 F. ad init. (1). sup. (in the
sense of principal) J>a ieldstan
men. 918A. pa yldestan witan.

eorla

earc, sb.f.str. ark (of Noah), dat.


earce. 85 5 A.
eard, sb.m.str. land, country. 937A.
ad fin. 948D. dat. earde. 959E.

ad fin.
eardung-stow,

ealdor.

975A. p.
72 h. (2) alderman. 910E.
ealdor-dom, sb.m.str. elder-ship,

gen. aloo\

852E.

978E. v. mynster.
ealdor, sb.m.str. 'elder,' (1) a prince,
chief,

as, even
1001E. 995F. ad fin.

eall-swa, eal-, adv. just

(1).

(1).

921

all.

894A.p.38h. pi. ealle. 885E. alle.


A. (ealla)963E.p. 681. gen.pl. ealra. 901A.
(eallre) 963E. p. 69 h.
dat. (eallen) 890a. (ealle) 910E.

(3),

797*.

eald*

p.

(with following gen.) ceapes eall.


894.A. adjin. dat.n. ealium. 860E.
allum. A. (eallan). 994F. f. ealre.

v. aeftra.

sb.n.wTc. eye.

geal-

A. eal.
921A. p. 55m. 827E. al. A. ace.
rnasc. ealne. 87 iE. alne. A. (ealle)
972E./. ealle. 865E. alle. A. n.
A.

973A (1). 942A (5).


ace. -ran. 975E (5). pi. -ran. 937
A (4). p. 58m. D(2).C( 3 ).
eage,

55 m. 886E.

p.pi.

eall.

eall, eal, all, al, adj. all.

spring, son.

eaftra,

(2), sb.pl.m.

dat. -xum. 885A (2).


+ealgian, wk.r. to defend,
ealgodon. 937A. p. 58 1.
godon. D.

NL. Eddes-

eofora (2), afora


afera (5), sb.m.wJc.

Aid-

str.

bury, Cheshire. 914C.


dadig, adj. happy, prosperous, blessed, ee eadiga. 992E. dat.m.wTc.
eadgan. 973A.
ead-medo (E), eap-medo (A), sb.f.
str. humility, obedience. 827*.
ead-mod (E), eap-mod (A), adj.
humble, lowly, dat.f. sir. -dre.
828*.
ead-mod-lice, adv. humbly. 979E.

feafora

(1),

the old Saxons, the Saxons of


the Continent, gen. -xna. 9240(1).

rein-

init.

Eades-burh,

aldor-

t6
forcements,,
eacan, in addition to (with dat.)

99 5 F. ad

(2),

eac, prep.dat. together with, in addition to. eac him. 905A. = eac to
him. D. eac mid him. ib.

eaca,

-mon

alderman, chief officer of the shire,


837A (4). 8ooA( 3 ). E(i). 903 A(2).
993A (1). 85 1 (5). (aealdor-),
800E. gen. -nnes. 894 A p. 38 b (2).
993E(i). daymen. 886 A(3).E(i).
pi. -men. 800A (3). E (1).

v. xg]>er.

896A.

(1),

man (3), -mon (4), alder-mon (5),

Yorkshire (Thorpe). 926D.


e"ac, conj. also. 878*. ge
ge eac,
and also. 894A. p. 39 m.
both
(ec)
994F. eac swa, likewise.
.

ace.

f-ealdor-lang, adj. life-long.


m.str. *gne. 937A. ad init.

Ea motum

of the Rivers.'

97

tion,

sb.f.str.

dwelling-place,

a habitaace.

-we.

995F. p. 80b.
fear-gebland, sb.n.str. the mingling,

GLOSSAR Y.

98
*

blending,'

B.C.D.

p.

of

waves.

the

937

60 n.

earm, adj. arttt. poor, wretched.


n.wk .f> earme folc. 999E.
earm-lice, adv. armltd}, wretchedly,
miserably. 793E.
fearn, sb.m.str. an eagle, 'erne.'
937A. p. 61 b. v. hwtt.
't'earnian, wh.v. to merit, attain,
'earn.' (with gen.)

earnode

p.sg. he

str.

NL.

878*.
efen-ehtJ, sb.f.str. a plain,

894A. ad Jin.
efen -wyrhta,

dat. -Se.
fellow-

sb.m.wJc.

worker, helper,

pi. (-ton)

^-lum. 890*. (Est-)885E. v. here.


Easter, sb.n.str. Easter (used in
plural), dat.pl. on Eastron, ofer
E. 878*. Easter

(dsei),

Easter Day.

995F. ad init.
east(e)-weard, adj. eastward, eastealle Cent eastewearde, all
erly,
the east of Kent. 865*. on easteweardre Cent = in the east of Kent.
893A. on eastwarde Cent. 892E.
on East Seaxna lond easteweard,
the eastern

part

of

Essex.

895 A. ^a^Z.fromeasteweardum
o}> westewearde, from the eastern
to the western parts. 813*. adverbial. 998E. gen. used adv.
^ easteweardes. 894A. p. 38 m.

East-Francan,

sb.pl.m.wJc.

the

Eastern Franks, dat. -cum. 891 A.


east-healf, sb.f.str. east side. dat.
-fe. 894A.
p. 39b.
east-lang, adv. in an easterly direce. 3
tion,
westlang = east and

893A.

east-rice, sb.n.str. eastern kingdom.


"
dat. 893A.
sb.m.pl.str. the EastSaxons, Essex. 823*. -Sexe. 904A.
gen. -xna. 836 A. -xna rice. 85 5 A.
dat. -xum. 994E.

East-Seaxe,

ece, adj. eternal, everlasting,


m.str. eces. 93 7 A. p. 58 b.
str. ec(e)re.

855*.

gen.
dat.f.

97 2E.

D.

-tan.

efes,

959E.

89 1 A.
eastan, adv. from the east. 937 A.
sub fin. be eastan, with dat. to
the east of. 878A. (-ton) E.
east-ende, sb.m.str. east-end. dat.
-de. 893A. (-da.) E.
lDast-Engle, sb.rn.pl.gtr. the Eastace. 870*
Angles, East Anglia.
(^Engle.) E. gen. -la. 823*. dat.

west.

-briht-, sb.m.
?Brixton-Deverill, Wilts.

Ecgbryhtes-stan,

}>es.

east, adv. in an easterly direction.

to

+ecg, sb.f.str. an edge,


dat.pl.
ecgum. 937A. ad init. ib. p. 62 1.

eaves,'

sb.f.str.

swa hwa])erre
ever side. 894A.
bi

edge,

side,

on which-

efes,

efor (1), eofor (2), sb.m.str. tbtX,


a wild boar. 85 5 A (1).
eft, adv. (1)
again, back. 886*
893*. (2) afterwards. 838A. 855A.

eg-buend,

islander,

v. ig-.

ege, sb.m.str. fear, terror,

eig-land, island,

dat. ege.

v. ig-.

elcian, wh.v. to delay, p.sg. elkede.

999E.

Ellen-dun (A), Elian-dun

NL.

f.str.

(E), sb.

Allington near Ames-

bury, Wilts. 823*.

naht e. 995F. p. 82 h.
fel-peodig, adj. foreign, pi. ael)>eodige. 959E.
el-peodigness, sb.f.str. a being
elles, adv. else,

dat.

abroad, pilgrimage.
dignesse. 891 A.

embe,

v.

ymbe.

Embene,
anura,
884*.

eljrio-

NL. Ambi-

sb.pl.m.str.

now Amiens,

dat. -num.

ende, sb.m.str. end. 894A. p. 39 1.


set ]>am ende = finally. 999E. so
:

set

ende. 998E.

an angel, gen.pl.
975A. ad fin.
Engla-feld, sb.m.str. NL. Englesb.m.str.

fengel,

engla.

field,

Berks. 871*.

Engla-land,

sb.n.str.

NL.

the land

of the English, England, dat. -de.


99 5 F. ad init.
Engle, sb.pl.m.str.^ (1) the Angles
(opposed to Saxons) Engle "J Seaxe.
.

937A. sub fin. (2) the English


(generally). 910E. gen.pl. -la 973
A. ad init. 975 A. ad init.
Englisc, adj. English.
Englisce
wrongly for Englisc. 92 2 A. f.
nom.sg. -ce. 1001E. pl.nom. -ce.

GLOSSARY.
43b.

p.

P.

92 2 A. on Englisc,

dat.pl. -cum.
ill

897 A.

-era.

924A. gen.pl.

feec, sb.n.str. fad}, a space of time,

English. 892A.

eode, eodon,

Eofer-wic

v.

(1),

gan.
Eofor-

NL. York. 923E

a while. 942A.
(2), sb.n.str.

963E.

(1).

Eofer-wic-ceaster (1), EoforYork. 867E


sh.f.str. NL.
so

(2).

924A. pridda faeder


grandfather. 885A.

p.

(1).

Eofer-wic-stol, sb.m.str. the see of


York. dat. -le. 99 2 E.
Eofor-wicingas, sb.m.pl.str. the
people of York. 918D.
feored-cyst (1), eorod-cist (2), sb.
dat.
f.8tr. a company, a troop,
pi. -turn.
937 A. p. 60 1. (2).
B.C.D. (1).
eorl, sb.m.str. title of a Danish
leader, an earl. In 871* the eorl of

the Danes

dorman

is

opposed to the ealbut from


was adopted as a

of the English

947D.
984E.

=>

great-

feedera, feedra, sb.m.wk. a paternal


uncle, gen. faedran. 901 A.
fsedren-healf (A), -half (E), sb.f.

(2),

869*.

dat. faece.

a father.

sb.m.str.

feeder,
dat.

69I. (2).

99

the Danes it
title by the English, and it ultimately supplanted the older eal-

str.

the father's

dat.

side.

-fe.

887*.
+feege, adj. 'fey,' doomed, fated.

pl.nom. 937 A. p. 60 h.
sb.n.str. a journey, an expedition, dat. on faere. 894A. p. 38 1.
fsereld, sb.n.str. a journey, an exfeer,

pedition. 889*.
fseste, adv. (1) firmly, bravely.

999E.

(2) fast, quickly. 959E. sub fin.


feesten, sb.n.str. a fort, a fortress.
dat. faastene. 877A. (feas885*.

tene) E. fsestenne. 894A. p. 39 1.


adv. firmly, constantly.

feest-lice,

1001E.

festlice.

994E.

fasten, make
pres. ic (feostnige).

In
975E. ad fin.
poetical passages 937A. 975A. the

feestnian,

word

69 1. p.sg. -node. 906A.


963E. p. 68 h. p.pl.
-nodon. 92 1 A. ad fin.
fandian, wk.v. to try, prove, attempt. 992F.
'
faran, st.v. to go, set forth, fare.'
far.
918A. imper.
995F. p. 82b.

dorman.
is

cf.

used in the general sense

of fighting

men, warriors,

gen. -les.

918A.
the

feor'Se, sb.f.wk.
eorSan. 975A.

ad

earth, gen.
dat. eor-

init.

San 979E. (erSan.) ib.


-feortMic, adj. earthly. 979E.
nom.wk.

pi.

firm, ratify,

963E.

&

pres.

81 2 A.

876A.

her-

f5ren.

gende. E.
etan, st.v. to eat,
seton.

teftel,

sb.m.n.str.
e'Sel, i.e.

p.

country,
the sea.

home.
97 5 A.

Exeter.
p.

38 h

(1),

(2).

ace. -tre.

sb.n.f.str.

(3).

gen.

877E

to, to

go to or against.

89 7 A.

p.

42 1.
feallan,

937A.

(1).

NL.

(1). 894A.
-tree. ib. (3).

went, went out, in pursuit. 905


A. 921A. p. 54I. f6r fram, went
away. 921 A. p. 54]. faran . .
fit,

-cester (2), Es-

(3),

876A

subj.

905 A.

E.

out, out against. 905A. 92 1 A. p.


aefter
53 1. for . . aefter, foron

72 1.

can-ceaster

918E.

foron

went forwards, onwards. 887*.


fSronforS. 894 A. p. 38 m. forforp
up, went on inland, 887*. ut faran,
foron ... fit, foran ut ongean, went

p. 72I.
'
'
+eftel-turf, sb.f.str. native turf or
dat. -tyrf. 975 A.
soil, country,

Exan-ceaster

E.

him hamweard for. 8 55 A.


With prepp. and adverbs, for for]),

D.

hwaeles

foran.
8 76 A.

reflex,
reflex, to

provision
p.pl. (eoton) him. 998E.

oneself,

p.

pres.subj. 2nd. sg. fare. ib. m.


p.sg. for. 867*,
fa. subj. fore.
918A. ad fin. 919A. p.pl. foron.

erce, v. arce.
erest, adj. v. aerest.
erian, wk.v. to plough, 'ear.'
ergende.

to

(feostnode).

-can. ib.

part.pl.

wk.v.

st.v.

p.

to

58 1.

fall.

p.p. feollan.

100

GLOSSARY.
*

ffealo, feale, adj.

fallow,' yellowace. mas c. fealene. 93 7 A.

grey,

fealone.

p. 6ol.

B.C.

feawa, aclj.pl. few. 893*.


feaxede, adj. hairy, haired, feaxede

steorra

cometa.

stella

89 2

(fexode). 995F. ad init.


fe'dan, wk.vb. to feed, to provision.

994E.
feala (2), feola

963E. p. 69I. (3).


fela wucena 894A. p. 39 b. with
e. g.
singular verb
975A. p.
(2).

72m.

(1).

feld, sb.m.str. afield. 894A. p. 36 1.

937A. p. 58 1.
fenn, sb.m.str. a fen, marsh,
pi. fennas.
feob, sb.n.str.

ace.

905A.
fotff},

cattle, and

hence

dat, mid
property, money. 865*.
feo. 8^8* ad fin. gen. feos. 999E.

feob-bebat

(1),

feob-gebat

(2), sb.

n.str.

promise of money, dat.

865E

(1).

-te.

(2).

feob-leas, adj. money-less, without


money, pl.nom. -se.8g'jA.adinit.

feobtan, st.v. to fight, p.sg. feaht.


fuhton.
87 1 E. p. 23 1.
p.pl.
860E. 92 1 A. ad init. With on,
to fight against
fuhton
on,
f.
Sair on, Jjser on f. 921 A. pp.
53 1. 54I1, & m. pres.pl. feohtende.
994E. on f. 871*.
.

feond, sb.m.str.
-da.

gen.pl.

feint! ,

999E.

994E.
feorb, sb.m.n.str.
p. 60 1.

life.

enemy 'fiend.'
dat.

-dum.

855A. 937A.

feorr, adv. far,feor. 1001E. (in 882A


fear is prob. a mere error for ufior).
feorfla, num. adj. fourth, masc. -J>a.
8 2 7 A. -Se. E.
neut. feorSe. 851*.
feower, num,. four. 896A. ad init.

feower-tig, num.
38 h.

forty.

894A.

p.

feower-tyne, num. fourteen. 979C.


feran, wk.v.
ferde.

go,

travel,

p.sg.

835A. p.pl. ferdon. 868A.

E. ferdon forS setter,


in pursuit. 999E. rejlex.
ferdon. 1001E.

(fjerdon)

went on

him

to

894A. pp.
37I. 38I1. p.sg.subj. ferede. 977C.
ffesian, [?-e-] wk.v. to put to flight.
p.pl. fesedon.

975D.

fif, num. five. Generallyundeclined.


fif wucan. 910A. 887.E. but, burga

the five (Danish) boroughs.

cf. 937A. p. 60 h.
dat.
897A. p. 42 b.
fifta, num. adj. fifth. 827*.
fiftig, num. fifty. 963E. p. 69 b.

fifum.

(3), adj.

many, much sometimes followed by a genitive,


sometitnes in agreement. 877A

for-grindan.

942 A.

indecl. bid,

(1).

v.

ferian, wk.v. to carry.

fife,

p.sg. (faiflde).

fela (1),

fer-grunden,

findan,

to find, to provide,
p.sg. fand. 963E. p.
p.pl. fundon. 914D.
p.p.
st.v.

contrive,

67 b.

funden. 918A.

fleam, sb.m.str. flight. 993E. 998E.


dat. -me. 91 7A. 937A. p. 60 1.
fleogan, st.v. to fly, take to flight.
p.pl. flugon. 894 p. 37 1. 999E.
pres.part.pl. -gende. 793E.
flocc, sb.m.str. a 'flock,' a company.
dat.pl. floccum. 894 A. p. 36 1.
floc-rad, sb.f.str. a riding company,
a troop, acc.sg. -de. 91 7 A. dat.
pi. -dum, in troops. 894A. p. 36 1.
flod, sb.m.str. tide, flood. 897 A. p.

43 h 937A.
-

p.

60 1.

fflot, sb.n.str. deep water, the sea.


ace. 93 7 A. p. 60 1.
flota, sb.m.wJc. a fleet. 975E.
dat. flotan. 904A. 937A. p.

gen.

60 1.

foda, sb.m.wJc. food. ace. -an. 994F.


folc, sb.n.str. folk, the people. 921 A.
p. 54b. 793E.
gen. -ces. 878*.
dat. -ce. 96 3 E. p. 67 b.
folc-gefeobt, sb.n.str. general engagement, pitched battle, pl.nom.
871*. sub fin, 887*.
ffolc-stede, sb.m.str. 'folk-place,'
place of assembly, battle-field.
dat. 937A. p. 60b.
f-folde, sb.fi. wk. earth,

country, land.
dat. on foldan. 975A. p. 72 m.
fon, st.v. to take, fon to rice, etc.
of succession to throne, or any

other office, passim without any


case expressed, feng Wulfgar to,
W. succeeded. 989E. also of mar;

riage (feng to Karles dohter). 852.


854E. of taking possession of places,

etc.9ioE. p.sg. feng. passim, p.pl.


fengon. 855*. p.p. (fenge). 995F.
p.

80 1.

GLOSSAR Y.
for, prep.dat.acc.inst. for, because
for ege, for fear?)
of, owing to ;

823*. 975 D.

in regard to. 959E.

for, conj. tor, because, (far). 99.SF.


p. 82 m. (shortened from
for-oy,
for-psem Se, q.v.)
foran, prep.adv. in front, before.
:

894A. ad

Jin.

897A.

p.

42 1.

cf.

on-foran, to-foran.

foran -to, prep.dat.

IOI

for-gifeness,
indulgence,

sb.f.str.

ace.

963E. p. 69k
for-grindan, st.v. to grind to pieces.
p.p. forgrunden.
937 B.C. fergrunden. A. p. 6 it.
for-hergian, wk.v. to harry, ravage.
p.sg. for hergode. 1000E.
p.pl.

887* ad

for hergodon.

before.

918A.

forgiveness,'

(forgiuenesse).

fin.

p.p.

-god. 980C.

for-hraJ>e, adv. very quickly, soon.

for-bsernan, wk.v. to burn, consume


p.pl. forbserndon. 894A.
p. 38 1.
p.p. forbaernd. 947D.
for-beornan, st.v. to burn, be consumed by fire. p.sg. forbarn. 815
E. 962A. forborn. 816A.
'
'
for-ceorfan, st.v. to cut off, carve
off. p.p. forcurfon. 797A. -an. E.
dat. forda.
ford, sb.m.str. a ford.

by

fire.

894A.

p. 37I.

st.v. to undo, destroy, p.sg.


fordyde. 986E. p.pl. (fordiden).
870E. fordydon. 999E. p.p. fordon. 963E. p. 67 b.
for-drifan, st.v. to drive away,

for-don,

expel, p.sg. fordraf. 927E. p.pl.


fordrifon. 954E. (-an.) 952E.

fore-becen, sb.n.str. an omen, prodigy, pl.nom. 793E.


fore-gisel, sb.m.str. a chief hostage, or a preliminary hostage.
acc.pl. -slas.

gen.pl. -sla.

877* 878A [gislas E].


894A. ad init.

fore-sprecen (A), for- (E). p.part.


nom.m.
fore-spoken, afore-said,
wTc. -na.

885*.

fore-weard,
covenant,

sb.f.str.

dat. -de.

agreement,
85 2E.

fore-weard, adj. 'forward,' early,


on -dne sumor, early in summer.
913C.
for-faran, st.v. to pass away, to
perish,
p.pl. forforon. 910E.
to get in front of,
obstruct,
p.pl. forforon him J>one
muSan foran, obstructed the mouth
in front of them. 897A. p. 42b.

for-faran,

st.v.

for-gengel, sb.m.str. predecessor.


pl.nom. (forgengles). 963E. p. 69 h.
for-gifan, -gyfan, st.v. to give, to
grant, p.sg. forgeaf. 925D. part,
pres.dat.abs. Gode forgyfendum.

913C.

921A.

p.

b.

54h.

for-lsetan, st.v. fcnrlasgett, to relinquish, forsake, p.sg. forlet. 885

A. 937A. p. 60b. p.pl. forleton.


885E.921A.P. 53h. -laton.948D.
for-neah, adv. very nearly, almost.
(fornaeh). 999E.
for-ridan, st.v. to ride before, to
intercept. 894A. ad fin.
forrad. 894A. p. 37 1.

for-seon,

berscljm, to overlook,
down on. p.pl.
911 A.
p.p. forsewen.

st.v.

despise,

look

forsawon.

975 A.

p.sg.

p. 7*1.

for-slean, st.v. to strike violently,


break, slay. p.p. forslegen. p. 6on.
pi. forslaegene. 88 2 A.
(B).
for-swifte, adv. very much, utterly.

897A. ad

init.

ful-swipe. B.C.D.

forp, adv. forth, forwards, onwards.


887*. 995F. p. 80 1.
for-psem, -pam, -1San, -pon, conj.
because (really for with the dat.
or inst. neut. of se, for the reason
that, owing to the fact that).
fin-San pet E.
forjjsem. 887 A.
forforpsem pe. 894A. p. 38 1.
pam pe. 1001 A.

forft-bylding, sb.f.str. emboldening,

encouragement, 999E.
fortJ-faran, st.v. to depart, die.
-faren, dead. 855F.

p.p.

fortS-feran, wk.v. to depart, to die.


p.sg. -rde, passim,
p.pl. -rdon.

838*.
for/8-gewitan,

st.v.

to go forth, to

die.

p.p. (-ton.) 963E. p. 69 1.


forfl-si'S, sb.m.str. departure, death.
dat. -Se. 992E.

fortS-weard,

adj. forward, ready.


forttwearde. 999E.
(Prob. error
for the compar. forffwerdre.
C.)

for-fly,

conj.

for

that,

because.

GLOSSARY.

102
forSy

forS!

895A.

J>e.

v. for-Jjsem.
for-weor'San, st.v. to

p.

]>et.

963E.

67 1.

come

to

nought, to perish, p.sg. forwearp.


877*.
for-wregan, wk. v. to accuse strongly.
p.p. -ged. 95 2D.
to
wound
seriously,
p.p.pl. -dode. 882*.
for wyrcan, wJc.v. to barricade,
obstruct. 896A.
p.p. forworht.
wlc.v.

for-wundian,

90 1 A. pi.
for-wyrnan

-te.

D.

(1),

-wiernan

(2),

wh.v. to keep back from, prevent


(with gen. of the thing prevented).

896A

(2).

'
fottur, sb.n.str. a fother,' cart-load
foSur.
nom.pl.
85 2E.
gen.pl

foSra. ib.
(1), from (2), prep.dat. from
of place and persons, implying dis
tance, departure, separation from
875A (1). E (2). 1001A (1). of
time. 973A(i). of the agent, by
789E (1). (fra). 963E. p. 67 b. of
derivation or descent from. 937

fram

ad
P-

Adverbially or in com
away. f6r fram. 921 A

init. (2).

position,

54 1

sb.pl.m.wk. the Franks


gen. Francna. 855*. -cena,
887E. dat. Francum. 890*.

Francan,
881*.

Franc-land ( 1 ),Frang-( 2), Fronclond (3), sb.n.str. NL. the land of


the Franks. 836A(3). E(i). 880-

882A

(3).

E (2).

ffrea, sb.m.wk. a lord.

973^.
freo-d6m,
p.

dat. frean.

sb.m.str. freedom.

963E.

68h.

freo-lice, adv. freely. 963E. p. 68 m.


wlc.v. to free.
pres. ic freo.

freon,

963E. p. 68m. p.pl. freodon. 963


E. p. 68 h.
ffreond, sb.m.str. friend, gen.pl.
-da. 937A. p. 60b.
freond-scipe, sb.m.str. friendship.
943Dfretan,
p.pl.

st.v. freggert, to eat, devour.


frseton. 894D. ad fin.
p.p.

freten. 894A. p. 39 1.
frettan, wk.v. to graze, p.pl. fretton.

894A. ad fin.
friS, sb.m.str. fttetie, peace, security,

refuge. 9o6*959E.fryS. 867E. dat.

of a person, almost = protector,


frifte. 823*. cf. 921A.
p. 55t.
'
fripian, wh.v. to give fri'S to, to be
at peace with, protect, 921 A. p.
55
ffrod, adj. wise, prudent
hence,
aged, se froda. 937A. p. 60I.
From-mu^a, sb.m.wk. NL. the
mouth of the river Frome, Poole
Harbour. 998 E.
ffruma, sb.m.wk. beginning, author.
'

97 5 A. p. 72 m.
Frysa, Frisa, Friesa, sb.m.wk. a
Frisian. Friesa. 89 7 A. p. 43 b. pi.
Frtsan. 885A.
Frysisc, Fresisc, adj. Frisian, on
Fresisc. in the F. manner. 897A.
p. 42 1. gen.pl. Fresiscra. ib. p. 43 h.
full, adj. full, complete,

91 7A.

pl.nom.f.

-le.

dat. -lum,

85 2E.

Fullan-ham (1), -horn (2), sb.m.str.


NL. Fulham. 879* (1). 880A (2).
fulluht

(1),

fulwiht
dat.

baptism.

(2), sb.n.str.

-te.

942
(1).
878* (2).
fulluht-nama, sb.m.wk. baptismal
name. 890*.
ful-neah, adv. very nearly, almost.
897A. p. 42 in.
ful-rice, adj. very rich. 870E.
ful-sw^ipe,

fultum,

v.

forswtSe.

sb.m.str. aid, help, reinforce-

ments. 921 A. p. 53h. 999E. dat.


-me. 920A. 852E.
fultumian, wk.v. to help.
p.sg.
-mode. 836A. p.pl. subj. -medon.
868E.
Gode
pres.part.dat.abs.
fultomiendum, by God's help. 797
A. fultum gen dum. 91 7C.
fur-lang, sb.n.str. a furlong, gen.pl.
-ga.

897A.p.43t.

furpum, adv. even,

just, at first.

896A.
fyligian, wk.v. to follow, p.sg. -gde.

793E.
fylstan, wk.v. to help, support (with
dat.).

p.sg. fylste.

959E.

fyr, sb.n.str. fire.


gen. fyres. 979C.
dat. fyre. 994E.
fyrd (1), fird (2), nerd (3), ferd (4),
sb.f.str. a going, expedition hence,
military service ; and so, the
(national) army or militia, the
;

GLOSSAR Y.
'fyrd.'

nom. 894 A. ad Jin.

(2).

1001

ace.
(1). (fyrde) 948D. 999E.
fierd.827. 828A. fird. 905A. ace.
-de.

910A

993E

(2).

dat. -de.

(1).

(3). E (4). 851E. 993A(i).


823
fyrdian, fierdian, wk.v. to go on an
expedition, p.sg. fyrdode. 835E.
p.pl. fierdedon. 894A. p. 38 1.
fyrd-leas (1), flerd- (2), adj. 'fyrd-

the

unprotected by
894A. p. 361(2).

less,'

fyrd.

(1), fird- (2), sb.m.str.

fyrd-stemn

term of military service


hence,
the body of men which serves
such term. 921 A. p. 55 1 (2).
fyren, adj. fiery,
pi. -ne. 793E.
(-na.) 926D.
fyrmest, sup.adj. foremost, first, pi.
wk. )>a -tan. 995 F. p. 80 1.
;

fyrst, adj. first. 963E. ad init.


fyrst, adv. in the first place, firstly.

963E.

p.

68b.

fyrst (1), first (2), ferst (3), sb.m.str.


a space of time, time.
fttst,

9 i 5 D(i). 9 i8A(2). 942CK3).

a.
gsersuma,

sb.m.wk.

garsuma,

jewel, treasure, honorary gift. ace.


-an. 995 F. p. 82 m. &1. [This word
is generally strong, gsersum -es.]
gafol, sb.n.str. tax, tribute. 99 iE.

994E.
Gafol- ford, Gaful-, sb.m.str.
Camelford, Cornwall, dot.

NL.
-da.

823*.

tgamol-feax,

'

adj.

old-haired,'

hoary-headed. 975 A. p. 72 1.
gan, st.v. to go. 993F. p.sg. eode.
885*. p.pl. (reflex.) eodon him
.

up.

997E. up

eodan.

100 1 E.

fganet

(1),

gannet.

ganot
gen.

(2),
-tes.

sb.m.str.

975 A.

p.

72]. (2) E. (1). v. bseS.

gang-dagas,

sb.pl.m.str.

'perambu-

lation days, 'Rogation days.


dat. -gum. 92 1 A. ad init.

892A.

+gar, sb.m.str. a spear, dart. dat.


pi. garum. 937 A. p. 58b.
fgar-mitting, sb.f.str. meeting of
spears, contest,
p. 61 h.

gen. -ge.

937A.

103

ge, conj. both, and. ge


.
and. 835*. ge
.
.

947D.

.
.

ge, both
.

i eac.

cf. seg?Jer.

ge-eerendian, wk.v. to perform one's


errand, to speed,

p.p. geaerndod.

995 F. adjin.
j-ge-eepele,
adj.
natural, suitable.

due by birth,
937A. ad init.

ge-algian, v. ealgian.
gear, ger, sb.n.str. a year, [seems
masc. 91 8C] 869*. dat. geare.
866* & passim, gere. 9 24 A.
fq. acc.pl. gear. 860* & passim.
ger. 89 5 A.
gen.sg. of point of
time. J)aes geares. 871*. geres.
921A. p. 55h.

&

sb.f.str. a stake, stick, faggot.


gen.pl. -da. 852E.

geard,

gearo, adj. ready. 8 74 A. (georo)


geare. E. pl.nom.n. gearwe. 999E.
T

(cf. Shakspeare, yare, yarelj .)


ge-ascian, wk.v. to learn by asking.
p.sg. geascade. 91 1 A. geahsode. D.
geat, gat, sb.n.str. a gate, door,
pi. ace. geatu.
opening. 942 A.

901 A. gatu. D. dat.pl. gatum.


917C.
geatan, wk.v. to say yea, consent,
grant, pres. ic geate. 96 3 E. p.
68 h.
p.pl. geatton. ib. p. 69 b.
+ge-bsedan, wk.v. to force, compel.
p.p. gebeded. 93 7 A. p. 60 1. gebacded. B.C.D.
ge-bedda, sb.f.wlc. a consort, wife.
dat. (gebeodan). 96 5 F.

fge-began, wk.v. to cause to bow


down or submit, to humble, p.p.
pi. gebegde.

ge-beran,

st.v.

cf.

942A.

ge-bygan.

to bear, bring forth.

p.p. geboren, born. 887E. 855A.


to g. born the re- to. 88 7 A.

ge-betan, wk.v. to improve, repair,


to make amends, or 'bot.' 922-3A.
p.sg. gebette. 921 A. p. 53b. 975A.
adjin. p.pl. gebeton. 948D.

ge-bindan, st.v. to bind. p.p. ace.


m. gebundenne. 796*.
fge-bland, sb.n.str. mingling, commotion, ace. 937A. p. 60I. v. ear-g.
ge-bletsian, wk.v. to bless, consecrate,
p.p. gebletsod. 795^*
ge-bocian, wk.v. to book,' to con'
vey land by book or charter.
-cude.
85 5 A. -cade. E.
p.sg.
'

'

GLOSSARY.

104

ge-bod, sb.n.str. command, order.


90 1 A. ad Jin. pl.acc. -du. D.
ge-bringan, wk.v. to bring. 95 2D.
p.pl. gep.sg. gebrohte. 959E.
brohton. 896A.
ge-brocod, -ced, p. part, broken,
afflicted. 897 A. admit, pi. -cede.
ib.

-code.

978E.

+ge-br6per,

sb.m.pl.str.

QtbxVLQtX,

brothers, brethren. 937 A. p. 61

1.

bow, to submit.
p.p. gep.pl. gebugon. 901 A.

ge-bugan,

to

st.v.

bogen. 904D.

ge-bycgan,

wlc.v. to

buy, purchase.

978F.
ge-bygan, ge-bigan, wlc.v. to cause
to submit, p.sg. -bigde. p. 26n. (C.)

ge-began.

fgebyrd-tid, sb.f.str. birth-time.


dat. -de. 973A.
ge-byrian, wh.v. to belong, pertain.
p.pl. -redon. 910E.
ge-ceosan, st.v. to choose, elect.
p.sg. geces. 921 A. ad Jin. 924 A.
p.pl. gecuron. 941 D. (-curum).
905D. p.p. gecoren. 830* & fq.
(-ron). 890 a.
ge-cigan, wlc.v. to name, to call.
p.p. -ged. 984A.
ge-cnawan, st.v. to know. p.sg.
(gecneavv). 99 5 F. ad init.
ge-cweflan, st.v. to say, to call.
p.p. gecweden. 995F. p. 81b.

fge-cynde, adj. natural, fitting.


975E. acc.m. -dne. 975 A. p. 72 h.
ge-cyrran (1), -cirran (2), -cier-

ran

(3),

(a) to turn, re-

wlc.v.

turn, p.sg. gecyrde. 995 F. ad Jin.


(b) to
p.p. -red. ib. p. 82 1 (1).
submit,
p.pl. -rdon. 835A (3).
(1). (c) in 878A. gecirdon seems
to have a transitive force, they
reduced or made to submit,
ge-cyftan, wlc.v. to make known, to

show.

p.sg. -Sde.

ge-dselan,
tribute,

divide,

-lde. 876*.

dis-

p.pl.

to ratify,

p.sg. (-festnode).

-nodon.

918C.
ge-faran,

st.v. (1) to do, effect. 994E.


p.p. gedon. 979E. p. 69 1.
(2) to
reduce, p.sg. gedyde. 828*. (3) to
reach, arrive at.
p.pl. gedydon.

ge-don,

to

come through.

to go,

depart.
p.sg.
to gefaren,

921 A. p.

54k

gefor. 877*.
p.p. J)ser
gone thither. 894A. p. 39 h.

(2) to

passim.
(3) to get by going,
to conquer. 923 A.
p.sg. gefor.
92 2 A.
(4) to speed, to happen.
p.p. (gefaran). 995F. p. 82I.
dat. -an.
-f-ge-fea, sb.m.wk. joy.
die.

979E.
ge-feallan,

943D.

to fall. p.sg. gefeol.

st.v.

p.pl. gefeollan. 978E.


sb.n.str. a fight, battle.

ge-feoht,

868A. (gefeaht).E. dat. -te. 871*.


ge-feobtan, st.v. to fight,
p.sg.
gefeaht. 833* &fq. p.pl. gefuhton. 868* & fq.
p.p. gefohten.
871* ad Jin.
ge-feormian, wk.v. to entertain, purvey for. pres.subj.sg. -mige. 852E.
ge-fera, sb.m.wk. a companion, ace.
pi.

878* ad Jin.

-ran.

dat.pl.

-rum. 916C.

ge-feran,

wlc.v. (1) to get by going,


p.sg. -rde. 988E. p.pl.

to attain,

(gefeordon). 994E.
(2) to fare,
to speed,
p.pl. -rdan. 994F.
ge-ferian, wk.v. to carry, convey.
p.sg. -rode.

gefer-scipe,

980E.
sb.m.str.

dat.

fellowship,

995F.

p.

80 1.

ge-fetian, wk.v. to fetch, bring, p.sg.


-tede.

-tte.

975E.

980E.

ge-flyman

man

(3),

(1)

&

p.pl.

ad fin.

ge-findan, st.v. to find.


funden. 963E. p. 68 h.

banish,
wlc.v.

(1)

906E.

p.p. -nod.

926D.

st.v.

infin.refl.

-tedon. 896 A.

-ldon 877*.

918A.
ge-dygan,

p.sg. geendode. 975 A. ad init.


ge-feegen, adj. glad, 'fain' of (with
gen.)
nom.pl. -ne. 855A. 878*.
ge-fsestnian, wlc.v. to make firm,

company,

994E.

to

wk.v.
p.sg.

life,

p.pl.

p.pl. gebohtan.

cf.

hit ne gedygdan mid J>am


did not survive it. 978E.
ge-edneowian, wk.v. to renew, restore, inf. (ge-eadnewion). 963E.
ad init. p.sg. -wade. 921 A. p.
55 h. p.p. -wad. 907B. -niwod. C.
ge-endian, wk.v. to end, to finish.
p.pl.

(1),

p.p. ge-

-flleman

(2), -fle-

wk.v. to put to flight,


p.sg.

-mde.

871A

fq.

p.pl.

-mdon.

(2).
ib.

GLOSSARY.
&fq.

2).^>.

pi. -mde.

-med. 937A.p.6ol(3).

896A

ad Jin.

72 m.
wlc.v. to

make

p.sg. gefreode. 887*.


ge-fultumian, wk.v.

free, to free.

to

support,

help. p.sg.subj.-m&de.S^A.. p.pl.


-madon. 868 A. pres.part.dat. abs.

-miendum. 797E.
ge-fylce, sb.n.str. a company of
folk, a band,
dat.pl. -cum. 871*.
-cium. ib. A.
fge-fyllan, wlc.v. to cut down, deprive of (with gen.),
937A. pp. 60b, 62 1.
ge-fyrn, adv. formerly,
893*.

p.p. -led.

together. 905A. 1001A. p.sg.


-derade. 894A. p. 40 1.
-dorode.
-derode. 992E.
92 1 A. p. 53 b.
-drode. 879A. p.pl. -droHon. 867 A.
-dorodan. E.
p.p. -drod. 911 A.
-derod. 973A. 788E. pi. -derode.

894A. p. 39 1.
ge-gan, st.v. to get by going, to overrun, conquer, p.sg. geeode. 942 A.
p.pl. -don. 870*.

ge-gearcian, wk.v. to prepare, get


ready, p.p. -cod. 995 F. p. 80 b.
ge-gifian, wk.v. (with dat.) to enrich
with gifts, p.p. gegifod. 1001A.
ge-hadian, wk.v. to consecrate, ordain,
p.p. gehadod. 830*. & fq.
gehadode menn, clerics. 995 F.

ad

init.

ge-heeftan, wk.v. to arrest, seize.


p.p. gehaeft. 980C.
ge-hal, adj. whole, uninjured. 798F.
ge-halgian, wk.v. to hallow, consecrate,

963E. ad
797E. 853A. p.p. -god.

p.sg. (-god).

init.-gode.

815E. pi. -gode. 887*.


ge-hat, sb.n.str. promise, vow.
pi. -turn.

883E.

to call, name.
p. 67 b. (2) to

905 A. ad init.
ge-hergian, wk.v. (1) to harry.
p.sg. -gode. 875E.
-gade. 910A.
p.p. -god.
p.pl. -godon. 1000E.
99 1 E. -regod. 988C. (2) to get
by harrying, to capture, p.p. -god.
895A.
ge-hiwian, wk.v. to form, to fashion.
p.p. -wod. 979C.
ge-horsian, wk.v. to horse, provide
with a horse or horses, p.p. -sod.
88 1 A.
nom.m.wk. -soda. 876A.
-sade. E.
dat.m.wk. -sudan. 877
A. -sedum. E. pi. -sude. 866A.
-sade. E.

ge-hwa, pron. everyone, whoever.


acc.masc. gehwsene. 937 A. ad init.
dat. gehwaem. 975 A. ad fin.
ge-hweer, adv. everywhere. 975A. ad
J*

come

&fq.

(1)

963E.

promise, p.sg. gehet. 883E. p.pl.


geheton. 878*. p.p. gehaten. 918C.
ge-hawian, ick.v. to look at, reconnoitre.
P'Sg. -wade. 896A.
ge-healdan, st.v. to hold, maintain.
p.p. -den. 995E. p. 81 1.
ge-hentan, wk.v. to seize, take.

long ago.

ge-gad[e]rian, -gadorian, wk.v. to


gather, collect, reflex, to assemble,

944*.

st.v.

p.p. gehaten.

fge-frege, ge-freege, sb.n.str. report,


inst.abs. mine gefrege,
hearsay,
as I have heard say. 973A. 975A.

ge-freon,

ge-hatan,

(2).

ge-fon, st.v. to seize, capture, p.sg.


gefeng.875*. p.pl.gefengon. 851*.
897 A. p. 42 b.
ge-frege, adj. known, famous. 975 A.

p.

105

init.

98 1 C.

v.

wel-gehwair.

ge-h.weeper, pron. either, both. /.


dat. -\>re. 871 A. (gehwaSere). E.
-]>ere. 871A. ad fin.
ge-hwilc (1), ge-hwelc

(2),

pron.

each, every,
neut.gen. -ces cynnes, of every kind. 910A (2). f.dat.
gehwylcre. 995F. p. 81 b (1).
ge-hyran, wk.v. to hear. p.sg. -de.
855F. p.pl. -dan. 995F. p. 82 m.

ge-hyrsum

(1),

-hiersum,

gehotsam,

obedient,

pl.acc. -me.

853A

(2), adj.

submissive.

(2).

ge-hyrsumian(i),-hiersumian(2),
wk.v. to make obedient, reduce.
p.sg.mbj. -ade. 853A (2).
ge-lsecan, wk.v. to seize, to catch.
p.p. gelaeht.

792E.

ge-leedan, wk.v. (1) to lead, carry.


p.sg. (geleadde) 97 2E.
p.pl. gelaeddon. 871*. ad init.
p.p. gelaeded. 909C. gelaedd. ib. B. (2) to
lead away, seduce, p.sg. gel&dde.

905D.
dat.

ge-leestan,

wk.v.

(1)

to

fulfil,

to

perform. 874E. p.sg. gelaeste. 994E.

io6

GLOSSARY.

ad fin.

p.pl. gelxston. 878*. (2) to


follow, to serve. 920A.
ge-lagian, wk.v. to establish by

law, ordain,

ad

p.p. -god. 995F.

init.

and

come

wJc.v. to

ge-lendan,
so, to

to land

come, to go.

p.sg. ge-

lende. 886*. p.p. gelend.

894A.

p.

39 *
ge-leornian, wk.v. to learn, find
out.
p.p. -ned. 995F. ad init.
ge-licness,
pearance,

ge-limpan,

likeness,
ace. -nesse. 979C.

sb.f.str.
st.v.

p.sg. gelanip.

ap-

to happen, befall.

p.sg. -gode. 995F. p. 81 b.


ge-lome, adv. frequently, often. 887*.

8cfq.

man,

to gar-

92 3 A.
fge-mana, sb.m.wk. intercourse, gen.
rison.

93 7 A. p. 60 b.
ge-martyrian, wk.v. to martyr.
p.p. -rad. 978C.
ge-me'tan, tok.v. to meet with, find.
-an.

gemette. 871*.

p.sg.

(gemxtte).

992E.

(gemsetton). 885E. p.pl.


gemetton. 91 8A. 885E. gemytton.
915D. With following inf. gemette [hie] cuman, he met them

coming. 982C.
ge-mot, sb.n.str. a meeting, assembly, 'moot.' 977C. gen. -tes. 937
A. p. 61 h.
tge-mynd, sb.n.str. memory, memorial.

dat. -de. 959E.

979E.

Gend, Gent, NL. Ghent.


wk.v. to
near. p. 84
F.

ge-nalsecan,

draw

880*.

approach,

ge-neat, sb.m.str. gntOSSe, companion, cynges g. 897A. p. 43 h.


ge-nemnan, wk.v. to name. 905A.
p.p.

-ned.

926D.

pi.

genemnde.

891A.
ge-nerian, wk.v. to save, deliver.
p.sg. -rede. 937A. p. 60 1.
p.p.pl.
-rede.

894A.

p.

ge-niman, st.v. to

40 1.
take,

iugolS, sb.f.str. youth.


dat. iugoSe. 975D.
geond, prep.acc. through, throughout.

975* 994E.

geong

giong

adj. young.
geonga. E. 975
A. ad init. acc.sg.str. giungne.
937A.p.6it. pl.nom.giunve. 937A.
p. 60 h.
geonge. B. C. iunga. D.
(1),

(2),

se gioncga. 871 A.

fgeorne, adv.

gertte, eagerly, gladly,

sb.n.str.

ge-rad,

condition,

stipu-

945 A.
ge-rsecan, wk.v. to reach, get at,
seize. 895 A. 91 8 A.
p.pl. gersehton. 885*
ge-rsedan, wk.v. to advise, determine, p.sg. geraedde. 906 A. 99 iE.
ge-recean, wk.v. (1) to relate, exlation.

ge-16gian, wk.v. to place, to lodge.

to

p. 38 1.
fgeogotS,

well. 95 9E.

973A.

ge-mannian, wk.v.

consume, p.p.acc.m. -tudne. 894A.

frip g.

= to

make

peace, p.sg. genam. 865E.


882A. p.pl. genamon. 865A. 882
E. genomon. 921A. p. 53I1. p.p.
genumen. 901 A. ad Jin. 993E.

ge-notian, wk.v. gmtcSSttl, to use,

pound,
82I.

p.sg. gerehte. 995F. p.


(2) to direct, rule.

975E.

ge-refa. sb.m.wk. reeve. 787*.


ge-repru, sb.n.pl.str. steering oars,
rudder, dat. -rum. 891 A.

ge-rfdan,

(1) to ride.

st.v.

p.sg.

gerad. 878*. (2) to get by riding,


to surprise, conquer, p.sg. gerad.
901A. 948*. p.pl. geridon. 878A.
-dan. E.
ge-ripan, st.v. to reap. p.pl. ge-

rypon. 896A.

ge-samnian

ge-somnian

(1),

(2),

wk.v. to assemble, collect, -node.


1001E (2). reflex, to meet, heo
gesamnodon. 925D. p.p. -nod.

894A. p. 36 b (1).
ge-sargian, wk.v. to

afflict,

damage.

p.p.pl. -gode. 897A. ad fin.


*t*ge-sceaft, sb.f.str. creature, created

thing. 93 7 A. p. 58 b.
ge-sceppan, st.v. to form,

create.

89 7 A. p.
42 b. gesceapen. B.C. D. geschaffm.
ge-scipian, wk.v. to provide with
p.p.pl.

ships,

(gescsepene).

p.p.pl. -pode. 893*.

fge-scyldness,
shielding.

sb.f.str. protection,
-se.
95 9E. ad

dat.

fin^

ge-secan, wk.v. to seek, to ask

come

for,

91 8 A.
p.sg. gesohte. 823*.
(-cean). D.
p.pl. ges6hton. 787*.
to

invade,

to

to.

GLOSSARY.
ge-secgan,

wJc.v. to say.

851E.

855A. p.p.
894A. ad init.
ge-sendan, wk.v. to send.
p.p.
p.sg. gesealde.

geseald.

gesend. 85 5 F.
ge-seon, st.v. to see. 797*- P*P*
gesawen. F. 789. pi. (-nae.) 793F.
geseowene. E. gesewen. 979C.

ge-settan, wk.v. (1) to set, plant,


occupy, p.sg. gesette. 886*. p.pl.
gesettan . . .
gesetton. 878E.
mid, to garrison with. 922A. (2)
to establish, decree,

p.p. gesett.

798F.
ge-sibb, adj. near of kin.
sybbe. 95 8D.

pi.

ge-

pledge.

faith,

sb.f.str.

pi. ace. -oa. 1 00 1 A.

(getreowaSa).

94 1 D.
ge-pafung, sb.f.str. permission, dat.
-ge. 887A.
fge-peaht, sb.n.str. thought, purace. 979E.
pose,

897A. p. 42 h. 905A.D.
sb.f.str.
ge-pwserness,

st.v.

(1) to smite, to slay,

p.sg. geslog, gesloh. 837*.

p.pl.

845* & fq.


p.p. ge823* kfq. geslegen. 894A.

gesl6gon.

39 b.
(2) to get by smiting.
p.pl. 93 7 A. ad init.
p.

ge-spanan,

st.v.

to allure, entice.

p.sg. gespon. 905 A.


ge-staflelian, wk.v. to fouud, establish. 975E. ad fin.
p.sg. -Solode.

920A. p.p. -lad. 962A.


ge-sund, adj. gesunH, safe, sound.
855E.
ge-swencan, wk.v. to harass, weary.
p.p. -ced. 982C.
ge-swican, st.v. to leave off, desist.
p.pl. geswicon. 1001E. p.pl.subj.
geswicon. 994E.
ge-swinc, sb.n.str. labour, oppression. 999E.
ge-tellan, wk.v. to tell, to reckon.
p.p. geteled rimes, reckoned by

number.
82

796F.
ge-trywU,

995F.
851E.

ge-slean,

p.

wk.v. (reflex.) to
plight one's faith, p.pl. (-soden).
947I).
ge-truma, sb.m.wk. a troop, comace. -man. 871*.
pany,
ge-trymman, wk.v. to strengthen,
confirm, p.sg. -mode. 91 3D. -mde.

874A.

to settle, to occupy,
p.sg.

878A. p.p. geseten. 92 2A. masc.


ace. -tenne. 894A. p. 38 1.

973A.

geteald.

995F.

1.

fge-teon,

-rod.

gesaet.

to sit out.

slsegen.

p.p.

p.sg.subj. gessete.
p.pl. gesaeton.

st.v.

ge-sittan,

1.

91 3 A.

915D.
ge-treowsian.

tge-ftring, sb.n.str. throng, tumult.


975A. p. 72 1.
ge-15\ingen, p. part, 'grown.thriven,'
hence, excellent, distinguished.
sup.pl.wk. Sa geftung[e]nestan.

ge-sib-sum-lice (1), ge-simb- (2),


ge-syb- (3), peaceably. 9i8B(2).
0(3).

890*.
p. 81

-rede.

p.sg.

ge-sellan, wk.v. to give, give up,


sell.

107

st.v.

to bring up, instruct.

p.p.pl. getogene. 975 A.

ad

init.

pres.subj.

geunne. 959E.

p.sg.

geiiSe. ib.

ge-utian, wk.v. to banish, expel.


p.p. geutod. 975E. ad fin.
ge-weedian, wk.v. to dress, to equip.
p.p. -dod. 992E.
ge-wsegan, wk.v. to weigh down,
distress,

p.p.pl. -gde.

894A.

p.

39 1ge-wsepnian, wk.v. to arm, furnish


with weapons, p.p. -nod. 99 2 E.
ge-wser, adj. aware of (with gen.).

914D.
ge-warnian, wk.v. to warn. 992F.
f ge-wealc, sb.n.str. a rolling, tossing. 975A. p. 72 1.
ge-weald (1), ge-wald (2), sb.n.str.
gefoalt, power, sway. 833A(2).

(1).

946*
is

&

for

dat.

so fq.

gewealde.

which gewealdan. 945A.

prob. a mistake.

ge-w(e)aldan,

st.v.

to wield, con-

trol; hence, p.p. gewalden, subdat.


ject, inconsiderable, small,

-num. 894A.

p.

38 h.

ge-wendan, wk.v.
p.sg. -de. 998E.

ge-timbran, wk.v. to build. 921 A.

concord,

ace. -se. 82 7 A. 860A.


fge-unnan, st-wk.v. to grant, give.

peace,

E.

p.p.

to turn, to go.
p.pl. -don.

gewend. 1000E.

1001

GLOSSAR Y.

io8

a work, esp. a

init.

military work, fortification. 878*


f<l'
gewerc. 896A. dat. -ce.
868*. pi. geweorc. 896A. dat.pl.
-cum. 894A. p. 39m.

p.sg.

ge-weorc,

sb.n.str.

&

to become, hap-

st.v.

ge-weorpan,

pen, to exist,

p.sg.subj.

gewurde.

959E. where we should expect the


p.p. geworden. 9 73 A. bis.
with gen., to attain hi }>ees geworden haefde. 918C.

plural,

fge-weorttian, wJc.v. to honour.


p.p. -Sad. 959E.
ge-wician, wJc.v. to dwell, to encamp, p.sg. -code. 894. ad init.
p.p. -cod.

896A.

ge-winn,

sb.n.str. (1) battle, contest.


dat. -ne. 921A.P.53I.
(2)trouble,
sorrow. 995F. p. 82 h.

ge-winnan,
to win.

st.v. to

get

by

fighting,

gewan. 923E.
ge-wiss, adj. gcujifj, sure, knowing,
F. ad init.
gevyis. 995
ge-witan, st.v. (1) to depart, p.sg.
p.sg.

fit

gewat. 937A. p.6ol. p.pl. g e witon. 885*.


(2) reflex, to withdraw, p.sg. him
gewat.
.

975A.

72h. p.pl. gewitan


Norjunen. 93 7 A. p. 61 h.
die.
p.sg. 961a.
p.

him

)>a

(3) to

ge-witness,

sb.f.str. witness, testiace. -se. 995F. p. 81 b.

mony,
ge-wrecan,

st.v.

to avenge,

wreak.'

921A.P.54I. p.p. gewrecen. 979E.


ge-writ, sb.n.str. a writing, letter,
writ.

995F.P. 80I. pi. -tu. 973A.


995F. p. 80b. (-te). 963E.

(-ta).

p. 68 h.
dat.pl. -turn. 8S9*.
ge-wrltan, st.v. to write, p.p. (gewriton). 963E. p. 68 1.
ge-wundian, wk.v. to wound, p.p.
gewundod. 894A. p. 38 1.
ge-wyldan(i),ge-wildan(2), wk.v.

to

reduce,

943D

(1).

conquer,
-lde.

p.sg.

rule

over.

926D

ge-wyrcan,
to fortify,

worhte. 918A. ad fin.


p.pl. (gewrohtan). 993E. p.p. geworht. 894

A. ad

init.

gif, conj.

gifan,

if.

st.v.

(gifen).

to

85 2E.

36 1. 992E.
995F. p. 82 1.
(giuen). 963E. ad
p.

give.

68 h.

p.

67b.

(with dat.) p.sg. gifode. 994E.


gifu, sb.f.str. a gift, pl.acc gifa.
885*. ad fin.

Gipes-wic,

NL.

Gypes-wic,

sb.m.str.

gisel,

sb.n.str.

Ipswich. 993A.
grisel,

a hostage.

acc.pl. gislas. 874* &fq.


gislian, wk.v. to give hostages, p.sg.
gtslade. 994E.

Glsestinga-burh, sb.f.str. NL. Glastonbury, Somerset. 943F.

fgleaw, adj. learned, wise, gen.pl.


-wra. 973A. 975A.
fglidan, st.v. to glide, p.sg. glad.
937A.p. 58I.

NL. one of the


near Exeter. (Earle.) 1001

Glis-tiin, sb.m.str.
Clists,

A.

fgnomung,
A.

p.

sb.f.str.

mourning. 975

72 m.

sb.m.str. God.
nom.gen.dat.
959E. gen. 937A. p. 58 b.
god, adj. good, god dael, a good
se goda. 885*.
ace.
part. 913A.

God,

masc.str.gddne.Uj'j*. accf.gode.
837A. dat.fi godre. 860A. nom.
pi. g6de. 959E.
gen.str. godra.
971*.

godian, wk.v.
prove,
init.

grow good, imgodode. 959E. ad


endow with goods.

(1) to

p.sg.
(2) to

p.sg. godede. 963E. p. 69 1.


god-sunu, sb.m.str. a god-son.
-sune. E.

890A.

gold, sb.n.str. gold. dat. -de. 1001A.


fgrsedig, adj. greedy, acc.m. -gne.

937A. ad fin.
grsefa[?], sb.wk. generally
'
'
coal ; Prof. Earle ren-

grsefe,

rendered
it

'gravel.'

adj.

Grante-brycg

852E.

grey,

937A. ad fin.
gram, adj. gram,
948D.
(2), sb.f.str.

894A.

p.

959a. (gif). F. p.pl. (geafen).


p. 69 1.
p.p. gifen. ib. h.
giflan, wk.v. to bestow gifts on.

ders

work, to make,
to do. 92 3 A.
p.sg. ge-

ib.

(gaef).

fgroig,
wlc.v. to

gife.

853A. 963E.

963E.

(1).

959E(2j.

ic

pres.
geaf.

(1),

neut.wk. -ge.
furious,

angry.

Grantan-brycg

NL. Cambridge. 875

(1). E(2). 9 2iA.p.55l(2).


Grec-land, sb.n.str. NL. Greece,
the Eastern Empire. 98 2 C.

GLOSSARY.

'harvest.' on haerfest. 91 8 A. 921


p. 54I1. gen. (of point of time).
dat. on
haerfestes. 921 A. p. 54 b.

sb.m.str. ground, earth ; in


pi., the earth, world, ace. pi. -das.

fgrund,

A.

937A.P.58I.
sb.m.wk. a man. 937A. p.
gumena. ib. p. 61 h.
f gu"8, sb.f.str. war. c?a. gutSe. 937
A. p. 61 1.
war -banner.
sb.m.wk.
guft-fana,

fguma,
58b.

877A.
896A.

A. ad fin.
gyldan, st.v. to pay.
991E.

p.sg. geald.

tgylpan(i),gelpan(2),.t\ to boast,
'yelp.' 937A. p. 61 1 (2). B. C.

D(i).
gyt (1), giet

gieta (3), adv.


again. 995F. p. 82 1 (1).

still,

(2),

918A. 921A.

ad fin.

command,

hies, sb.f.str.

92 1 A.
68 m.

55

p.

p.

54m

(2).

937A.

(3).

H.
h.a,bh&n,wJc.v. (1) to have, to possess.
(2) as auxiliary verb. 874*. pres.

hafaS. 979E. subj. (haue). 963


E. p. 68 m.
p.sg. haefde. 874*.
(heafde). 885E.
(hedde). 885F.
with reflex.dat. added. 973A. p.

sg.

pi. haefdon. 867*.

(haeddan). p. 23

esp. holy orders,

gen. hades. 995

F.p. 80 b.

hades-mann,

sb.m.str. a

halgung,

984 A.

dat. -ge. 979C.


halig, adj. holy, as subst. a saint.
nom.m.wJc. halga. 814*. f.wJc.
halige. 994E.
sg.dat.wTc. halgan.
aec. 975E. ad fin.
876*.
gen.

gena. 97 iB.

890 a.
halig-dom,
so,

901 A.

wk. hal-

dat.pl. (halechen).

sb.m.str. sanctity

holy things,

relics,

and

'halidome.'

dat. (halidome). 885F.


sb.m.str. (1) home, aet ham,
home. 894A. ad init. ham,
home, homewards. 792E. 91 7A.
gen.pl. hama bereafod. 9 75 A. ad
fin. (2) a village, hamlet. 1001A.
dat.sg. aet biem ham. 901 A. hame
D.
pi. hamas 937A. ad init.

ham,
at

init.

hadian,

wJc.v. to ordain, consecrate.

hadode. 931 A. p.p.pl.gen.


(hadede heafden), clerics. 963E.
p. 69 h.
sb.m.str.
fheefte-clomni,
fetter,
bond.
dat. -mum. 942A.
haeft-nyd (j), -nied(2), -ned (3),
dat.
sb.f.str. captivity, thraldom,
p.sg.

886A

(hsefnede)
(3).
fhselep, sb.m.str a man, hero. 975 A.

72

con-

hallowing,

sb.f.str.

secration.

man

of a
'
particular kind, or order, cf. in
orders.'
dat.pl. -num. 995F. ad

p.

p.

-J>enra. 942A. (heS-). 793E.


Hagustald[es]-ea, NL. Hexham.
789E.
halgian, wk.v. to consecrate, ordain.
995F. p. 80I. halgode (him) abbot.
963E. p. 67 1.
halgo-rod, sb.f.str. holy-rood,' the
cross,
ace. -de. 963E. p. 69 m.

sb.m.str. rank, condition, order,

-de.

-se.

963E.

hsepen, adj. heathen in the Chron.


practically equivalent to Dane,
Danish. 865 A. 866E. nom.m.wh.
dat.m.str. -]mum.
(-ne). 86 5 E.
85 1 A. (-Sene). E. pl.str. -)>ne.
85 1 A. -"Sene (heftene). E. pl.wk.
-J>nan. ib. A. -Senan. 794E. gen.pl.

pl.str. haligra.

had,

dat.

ace. -se.

1.

fgutJ-hafoc, sb.m.str. war-hawk. 937

yet,

(herfeste) E. (-fseste).

-te.

gen.pl.

878E.

109

1.

937A.

(2).

pi. haeleft. ib.


p.

gen.pl. -pa.

6oh.

H8elend,s6.m.s^r.^ctlatttf,a Saviour.
gen. -des. 995F. p. 80 b.
hselo, heel, sb.f.str. fttll, health, salvation, dat. hselo. 855 A. hsele. E.
haerfest,

sb.m.str. fjtrhst,

autumn,

*t*

gen pi. hama. dat.h&mon.. 1001A.


sb.m.str. a hammer,
gen.

hamor,

pi. -ra. 93 7 A.

Ham- tun,

ad

sb.m.str.

init. v. laf.

NL. Hampton,

Southampton. 837*. 981E. 994


E. v. SuS-hamtun. (2) Northampton. 91 7 A. 92 1 A. ad init.
(1)

Hamtun-scir, -scyr, sb.f.str. NL.


Hampshire. 878*. mid Hamtune
scire.

860E.

ham-weard,
way home.

adv.

homeward, on the

885*. 91 1 A.

no

GLOSSARY.

ham-wear des, adv. homewards, on


the way home. 894A. p. 38 1.
sb.m.str. cock-crow.
795 E. (hancre). F.

ace.

han-cred,

hand*

(A) (2), sb.f.str.


hand, on segSre hand, on either
side. 852E.
(2). cf. 871*. on

hand gan,

to submit, surrender.

From hand-shaking
(2).
being the sign of concluding a
bargain, on hand syllan = to bargain, promise, onh. sealdon, fidem
dantes spondent.' 972 F. set bis882E.

'

ceopes handa onfon, to receive


(a child, &c.) at the bishop's hand
(at confirmation, as sponsor).

942

A. bo to bisceopes handa niman,


healdan. 993A. 855F. to handa
:

healdan, to hold (land, &c.) of


another. 887E.
(2). to (hande)
laetan, to let (land, &c.) to another.

852E.

fhand-plega
wJc.

hond-

(1),

(2), sb.m.

i.e. fighting,

hand-play,

gen.

-gan. 937 A. p. 60 h. (2).


hoar, hoary. 93 7 A. p.

*t*har, adj.
60 b.

fhasu-pad,

having

adj.

grey

(of an eagle.) Jjone hasupadan. 937. ad Jin. C.D. in A.


with both parts declined, pane
hasewan paclan. ib.

coat

Hata-batSum,
hot

baths,'

(aet)
i.

e.

NL. 'at (the)


Bath. 97 2E. v.

BaSum.
hatan,

command,

Jjrifjm, (1) to
p.sg. het. 792*.

name,

order,

(2) to
pres.sg. hset. (/or
pres.pl. 1st & 3rd

hateS). 892A.
hataS. 893*. 975A.

ad fin.

p.pl.

heton 878E. p.p. haten. 895A.


(3) to be called, 'hight.' p.sg. het.

963E. p. 69I.
he, heo, hit, pers.pron. 3rd
she,

?hi.

it.

&

871*
gen.m.

sg. he,

(note that the masc.

&

refer not only to persons,


but to any substantive of corre-

sponding gender. We have however hit referring to a masculine


subst. in 892A.
There being no
reflexive

pron.

in
is

Anglo-Saxon
often used re-

flexively: Sigfert) . . hineoffeoll,


S. slew himself. 962A.
This re.

fq.

his.

787*

& fq.

gen.f. hiere.

E. hyre. 91 7C. n.
his. 933*.
dat.m. him. 789E. 838
A. dat.f. hire. 917C. pl.nom.
hie. 787A. hi. E. hy. 993A. (heo).
937A. p. 61 h. acc.pl. hie. 871*

878A.

hire.

787E. (heo). 925D. gen.pl.


895A. hiera. 875A. hiora.
894A. p. 38 1. heora. 794E. 937A.
hyra. 905D. (heore). 979E. dot.
pi. him. 877*. heom. 994E.
(The
use of the dat. for ace. which is
(he).
hira.

completed in Modern Engl, (him,


them) is found occasionally in E.
(1 2th cent.), him as acc.sg.
occurs 963E. ad init. heom, for
has hie.)
accpl. 828E. where
heafod, sb.n.str. head. 792*. gen.

and F.

pi. (heafde). 963E. p. 69 h.


heafod-burh, sb.f.str. head-borough,
chief town. 995F. p. 80 1.
heafod-mann, sb.m.str. fjauptstnantt,
a head man,' captain, gen.pl.
'

-na.

870F.

p.

23m

heali, adj. high,

compar.pl. hieran.

897 A. p. 42 m. hearran. B. C.
heah-gerefa, sb.m.wk. high reeve.
1001A.
(1),

haldan

(2),

st.v.

to

hold, to keep. 887* (1). pres.pl.


healdon. 963E. p. 69 m.
p.sg.
heold. 93 1 A. p.pl. heoldon. 877
A. -dan. E. -dun. 887A. sup. t5
haldanne. 874A. to healdenne.
E. to haldonne. 8 86 A. pres.part.
f.

healdende. 918C.
sb.f.str. half, part, side.
healfe muntes, on the far

healf, half,

fern,

the pers. pron.

n. hit. 877* &


787A. hine E.
acc.f. hie.
919A.

918C.

acc.m. hiene.

fq.

healdan

st.v.

call, to

pron. in the dat. isoftenjoined

with verbs of motion, v. gan. &c.)


nom.m. he, 787* & fq. f. heo.

910A.

hond

(1),

flex,

on

]?a

side of the mountain. 887*.


so metaph. on heora healfe.

ad

891A.
894A.

init.

healf, adj. half, healf gear, a half


nom.pl. hie waeron
year. 901 E.
healfe set ham, h. Qte. they were
half of them at home, &c. 894A.
ad init. idiomatic use with numerals, pridde healf gear. lit. the
third a half year, i. e. 2| years.

GLOSSARY.
931 A.

of
cf. 946. 855A. 851*
]>riddan healfre hyde. (made) of
the third a half hide. i.e. 2| hides.

89 1 A.
healfum

cf.

winters. 901 A.

fheap,

sb.m.str.

6>rum

totttt-fjaltl.

lses |)e

xxx. wintra.
cf.

28^

anotrt-halb.

a crowd, multitude,

973A.

heap.'

fheard, adj. hard, stern, brave,


with gen. nitweorca h., brave in
battles. 973A.
gen. -des. 937A.
p. 60 1.
heard-lice, adv. hardly, resolutely.
1001E.

hearm,

sb.m.str.

994E.
fheapo-lind,
i.

ace. -de.

damage.

war-linden,
of linden-wood.

sb.f.str.

made

shields

e.

harm,

937A. ad

pi. -da.

init.

D.

fheawan,

to hew.

st.v.

wan. 937 A. ad

p.pi. heo-

init.

disastrous.

grievous,

1001E.

sb.f.str. help, aid.

help,

dat. -pe.

921A. p. 54I.
Hengest-dun, Hengestes-dun, sb.
f.str. NL. Hingston Down, Cornwall. (Earle.) 835*.
fheofen, heofon, sb.m.str. heaven.
pl.gen. -ona. 975A.P. 72b. pl.dat.

-enum. 979E.

init.

fhere-flyma (1), -flenia (2), sb.m.


wh. a fugitive in war.
acc.pl.
-man. 937A. p. 6ot (2). B (1).
here-hyp, -huU, sb.f.str. war- spoil,
ace. -hyo\ 894A. p. 37 m.
B. C. D.
-hu$e. 1001E.
dat. -hy]>e.
gen. -huSe. 993E.
885A. -hiiSe. E. acc.pl. -hyj)a.

booty,

-hyfSe.

894A.

p.

fhere-laf,

37 1.
sb.f.str.

what is

left

of an

army, dat.pl. -fum. 937A. p.61 1.


here-toga, sb.m.wk. IjerjOg, leader
of an army, commander,
nom.pl.
-gan. 993E.
gen.pl. -gena. 794E.
HeretJa-land, sb.n.str. NL. the
land of the Haurds (Charudes) ;
strictly the district round Har-

danger Fjord, Norway Munch


it from Harde-

however derived

land, or Hardesyssel in Jutland.

787E.
hergap,

sb.m.str. harrying, plunder-

ing. 91 1 A.

D.

hergoS.

harry,

ravage.

hergea'S.

982C.
hergian, wh.v. to

875A. p.pl. hergedon. 910E. 1001A. hergodon. 905

p.sg. hergade.

A. 794E.
hergung, sb.f.str. harrying. 793E.
dat. -ge. 994E.

heofen-lic, heofon-, adj. heavenly.

979E. -ca.
988E.
Heorot-ford,

herige, in full force.


dat. here. 875*.
pl.nom. hergas. 871*. dat.pl. hergum. 8 94 A. ad init.
ealle

894A. ad

hefe-lic, hen-lie, adj. heavy, serious.


868*.

hefig-tima, -tyma, adj.

mid

Ill

ib.

J>set

heofonlice.

sb.m.str. NL. Hertdat. -da. 91 3 A.


her, adv. here ; in this document.
963E. p. 69b. in temporal sense,
at this point of time, at this place
in the Annals, passim.
ford,

here, sb.m.str. fjcer, a host or army,


but almost always of the Danish
army the native force is fyrd.
;

however land-here, scipIn 910E the insertion of


an evident mistake. In
906 E, East Engle here = the
Danes settled in East Anglia.
(See

*t*hettend, sb.m.str.

an enemy, an-

pi. 937A. ad init.


hidan, wk.v. to hide. p.p. htdd.
pi. hldde. 963E. p. 67 b.
hider. adv. hither. 895A.
tagonist,

fhilde-ring,

sb.m.str.

warrior,

937A. p. 60b.
hindan, adv. from behind, behind.
877*. 948D.
fhirde (1), hyrde (2), sb.m.str. a
'herd,' guardian,
gen. -des. 973
A(2).C(i).
hlsefdige, sb.f.wJc. l&dy. 917C.918E.
hero.

a loaf.
nom.pl.
85 2E.
hlaf-meesse, sb.fwJc. Lammas, Aug.
1. dat. -san. 921 A. ad init. hlsef-.
sb.m.str.

here.)
here is

hlaf,

nom.acc. here, passim, gen. heres.


874*.
heriges. 937A. p. 60m.

^"^
91 7C. hlam-. D.
hlaford, sb.m.str. a lord. gen. -des.
919C. dat. -de. 91 8A. ad fin.

herges. C.

dat.

herige.

838A.

(hlafes).

GLOSSARY.

112
hlaford-dom,
authority,

sb.m.str. lord-ship,
dat. -me. 918C.

hleapere, sb.m.str. laufer, 'leaper,'


runner, courier,
acc.pl. -ras. 889

A.

(-res).

p.

61

fhleo,

E.

st.v.

-fhlehhan,

to

laugh.

937A.

1.

sb.n.str. shelter, refuge.

942

A.
Hlida-ford, sb.m.str. NL. Lidford,
Devon, dat. -da. 997E.
a band, a troop. 879*.
dat.pl. -J)um, in troops. 894. p. 36 1.
hlutor, adj. lattttt, clear, pure. gen.
-tres. 85 2E.
hlo^,

sh.f.str.

Hocnera-tun,

NL. Hoke-

sb.m.str.

norton, Oxon. (Earle.) Hockerton, Notts. (Thorpe.) 91 7 A.

hold, sb.m.str. a
into

England

introduced
the Danes,

title

by

probably, a holder of allodial land.


905A. pi. -das. 92 1 A. p. 54b.

holm,

sb.m.str.

an

island, esp. in a

river, creek, &c.

get

J)am Holme.

902C. (This meaning is borrowed


from the Norse holmr; the original
Old Eng. holm meant sea.)
hord, sb.n.m.str. hoard, treasure.
937 A. p. 58m.
hors, sb.n.str. a horse. 85 2E. pi.
ace. 994E. gen.pl. -sa. 917.
pi. -sum. 893*.

dat.

to provide
with
p.p. horsad. 88 iE.
hors-pegn, sb.m.str. horse-thane,'
an officer of the royal household.
wJc.v.

horsian,
horses,

'

v. }>egn.
p. 42 h.
sb.n.str. corpse, carrion.

897A.
fhree,

A.

p. 61

1.

hra. C.

D.

937
hraw. B.

hraew. a.

hrsed-lic, adj. quick, sudden,

dat.

977C.

(-can).

hrsed-lice, hred-lice, adv. suddenly,


quickly. 876*.
hrsefn, sb.m.str. (1) a raven. 937 A.
(2) name of the Danish
p. 61 b.
banner. 871B. C. D. rsefen. E.
hraSe, adv. quickly, soon. 999E.

fhreman,
937A.

p.

fhremig

wJc.v. to

cry out, to exult.

60b.

(1),

hramig

(2), adj. cla-

morous, exulting in (with gen.).


pi.

-ge.

D(i).

937A.

p.

61 1(2). B. C.

Hreope-dun,

NL. Repton.

sb.f.str.

874*.

Hrofe-,

Hrofes-ceaster,

sb.f.str.

NL.

Rochester. 885*.
fhruse, sb.f.wJc. the earth, ground.
ace. -san. 975 A. p. 72 b.
hu, adv. how. 963E. p. 68 h.

Humbran-mu'S, sb.m.str. NL. the


mouth of the Huinber. 993E.
hund, sb.n.str. hundred, tyn hund.
94 2 A. sex hund. 85 2 E. monig
hund. 895A. feorSe healf hund.

mid ]>ridde healf


892E = mid ccl.

350. 851*.

hund
hunde
hund- is

scipa.

v.

893A.

scipa.

healf.

prefixed in Anglo-Saxon to

the numbers from 70 to 1 20. hund


eahtatig (80). 1001A. dat. hund
hund
nigentigon (90). 993A.
nigontigum. 994E. hundtwelftig.
(120). 892E. gen.

hund

twelftiges.

893A.

hundred,

sb.n.str.

a hundred as a

territorial division.

hunger

963E.

p.

69 1.

hungor

(A), sb.m.str.
hunger, famine. 975A. p. 72b.
793E. dat. -gre. 894A. p. 39 b.
hwa, hweet, pron. inter, who, what,
hwaet. 787*v. swa.
fhwsel, sb.m.str. a whale, gen. -les
(E),

975 A. p. 72I. v. eSel.


hwser, adv. (r) where. 891 A. 896A.
swa
hwar, wherever.
994E.
(2) every(whar). 995F. p. 82 1.
where, v. ge-hwer, wel-hwzer.

fhwset, adj. active, brave, pl.m.


hwate. 937A. p. 58 1. v. dennian.
hwse'Ser, conj. whether. 995F. p. 82h.
hwaelSer,

hwaper, pron. either, both.

87 iE. hwa]?erre.
v. swa.
hwsetJere, adv. however, nevertheless. 982C.
Hweal-leah, sb.f.str. NL. Whalley,
Lancashire, dat. (-laege.) 798E.
dat.f. hwseore.
894A. ad init.

hweorfan,

st.v.

hwearf.
hwurfe. 98 2C.

p.sg.

Hwiccias,

to turn, turn back.

813*.

Hwiccas,

p.sg.subj.

sb.m.pl.str.

the Hwiccas, a people and district


including Worcestershire, Gloucestershire, and part of Warwickshire. 800*.

hwil,

sb.f.str.

a while, time.

ace.

GLOSSARY.
gode hwile. 837A.

cf.

988E.

iggap, sb.m.str. an eyot or small

J>a

hwile J>e, while. 91 3A. )nt hwile,


meanwhile. 994E. dat.pl. hwilum
hwilum, at times. 892A. hwT.

113

ace.

island,

ig-land

(1),

island.

lon, formerly. 963E. p. 67 1.


hwile, hwelc, pron. which, which-

895

894A.

eig-

(1).

37b.

p.

(2),

sb.n.str.

937A. sub fin.

(1).

an

dat. -de. 918


(2).

-ce

se ilea
ilea, ylca, pron. the same,
here. 868*.
J>aet ilee rice. 894. p.

on whatever day. 874*. dat.


hwylcnm. 910D.
hwit, adj. white, earn aeftan hwit.
937A. p. 61 b. cf. Gk. irvyapyos,

py ilean geare.
ylcan. 942 A. gen.
(in same sense) J>ses ilean geares.
912C. pl.nom. ]>a ylcan witan. 995

ever, of every kind.

swa

inst.

and ^Esch. Again.


.

116.

inst. (dat.)

39 1.
867*

dsege,

& passim,

= every year.
p. 82 1. (ilea gear
selce
85 2E. seems a mistake for

F.

(oiWos)

komv apyas.

Hwitan-wylle, sb.m.str. NL. gen.


-les geat. 942A. Whitwell, Derbyshire (Earle)
the mouth of the

geare.)
in, prep.dat.acc. in, into, with ace.
1001E. with dat. 894A. p. 38I1.

Witham which
Wash (Thorpe).
river

975 A. p. 72 1. joined with on its


use seems to be adverbial in on,
868E. 895A. (with ace.) this
alternates with innan. q.v.

runs into the

sb.f.wk. NL.
church, get -cean. 1001A.

Hwit-cirice,

Whit-

NL. Candida

infangenpef, the right of judging

White-house,' Whitherne
in Galloway.
79 iE.

a thief taken within the limits


over which such jurisdiction is

hyd, sb.f.str. hide, skin. dat. hyde.


891A.
fhyge-gleaw, adj. prudent in mind,
wise, pl.nom. higegleawe. 975A.
2b
JP- 7
^
hyran, hiran, hieran, heran, wk.v.
(1) to hear.
p.sg. hierde. 835A.

granted. 963E. p. 681.


in-fyrdian, wk.v. to make an ex-

Hwit-ern,
Casa.

p.pl.

E.

sb.n.str.

'

we

pedition into, to invade. 948D.


-ing. this termination often indicates a patron vmic in
Anglo-

Saxon. Ceawlin Cynricing


son of Cynric. 85 5 A.

innan

hierdon. 851 A.
herdon.
obey, be subject to,

(2) to

belong to.
p.sg. hirde. 918C.
hyrde. D. p.pl. hierdon. 91 2 A.
hyrdon. 905D.
fhyrned-nebb, adj. having a horny
beak, acc.m.wk. -ban. 93 7A. p.
61b.

hyr-sum-ness, her-,
ence, submission,

sb.f.st.

dat.

-se.

(1),

within,

959E
870A

innon
into,

(1).

(1).

pron, I. 905A.
dat. me. 995F.

{2), prep.dat.acc.

(2).

inne, adv. inside, within. 867*. 868


E. 910A. once used as a prep.
with dat. 892E.
in-to, prep.dat.acc. into, to, against.
dat. 85 2E. 902 A.
ace. 876*.

obedi828*.

fin-tyhtan, wk.v. to invite, entice.


p.sg. -tihte. 959E.
finwid,
adj.
hateful,
malign.
nom.m.wk. -da. 937A. p. 61 1.
lone, sb.f.wk. NL. the river Yonne.

963E. pp. 68-9.


82 m. pi. we.

p.

gen. ure. 963E. p.


937A. ad fin.
fig-buend, eg-buend, sb.m.str. inhabiter of an island, islander, nom.
^Z.igbuend. 973A. adinit. gen.pl.
eg-buendra. 975 A. ad fin.

NL. ?

Irchen-

Ai chenfield, Herefordshire
(Thorpe) u 9 1 8A.
Ira-land, Yra-land, sb.n.str. NL.
field or

893*. 905A.

69 1.

C.

with dat. 789E.


with ace. 868* (1).

dat. Ionan. 887*.


Ircinga-feld, sb.m.str.
ic,

Ireland. 93 7B. C.

dat. us.

so:

Ir-land,

Yr-land. 918A. D.

NL.
Iudan-burh, sb.f.str.
burgh (Thorpe). 952D.
iugo"5,
1

iung,

v.

geogoS, geong.

Jed-

GLOSSARY.

114
K.

lang, adj. long; of length or

[For words beginning with

under C]
Kyrtling-tun, sb.m.str.
lington, Oxon. 977C.

NL.

look

Kirt-

L.
leedan, wJc.v. to lead, to take. p.sg.
lsedde. 827*. 887* p.pl. lseddon
796*.
sup. to keden[n]e. 992E.
Lee den, adj. Latin, on L., in
Latin, p. 35 n. D.
flsene, adj. transitory, poor, 'lent.'

975A. ad init.

serve.
leet,

to follow, to

letstflt,

874A.

adj. late, slow,

compar.

laetre.

999E.
lsetan,

st.v.

to

let.

(1)

to

allow.

p.pl. letan. 937A. p.6il(i). leton.


999E. (2) to let (land, &c). p.
sg. let. 945A. leot. 85 2E.
(3) to

cause a thing to be done, or cause


one to do a thing. 963E. p. 68 h.
cf. lafjen.

hamora lafum, what is left


by the hammers, i.e. the beaten
swords. 937D. ad init. (-fan). A.
flagu, sh.f.str. (borrowed from old
dat.pl.

Norse) law. ace. lage. 959E.


land* (1), lond (A) (2), sb.n.str.
country.

ad

937A.

855A

1^2).

787A

init.

(2).

(1).
-des.

gen.
dat. -de 794
(1). nom.pl. lond. 876A.

(2).

(1).

(1).

dat.pl. -dum. 88 7
(2).
E(i). 9i2A(i).
land-fyrd, sbf.str. expedition by
land, land force. 1001E. dat. -de.

land. E.

999E. v. fyrd.
land-here, sb.m.str. a land army.

933* (of the English), gen. -res.


92 A. P.54I. (of the Danes), -y.here.
land-leode, sb.m.pl.str. latttl'Ieitte,
the people of the land. 91 7A.
gen.pl. -da. 921 A. p. 55 h.
1

swa 1. ~p = until. 963E. p. 69 b.


comp. leng. 995F. p. 82I1. sup.
lengest. 894A. p. 37b.
lang-scip, sb.n.str. a long ship,
p.

897A.

acc.pl. -pu.

42 m.

flang-sum,

adj. long, lasting long.

dat.masc. -man. 959E. adjin.


lar, sb.f.slr. 'lore,' instruction, ace.
lare. 993 a.

lareow, sb.m.str. a teacher, learned


man. 891A.
on
+last, sb.m.str. footstep, trace,
last

(with

937A.

p.

in pursuit

dat.),

of.

60 1.

late, adv. late. 867*.


fla]), adj. hateful, hostile, as subst.

enemy,

lsewede, adj. lay, unlearned, 'lewd.'


pi. 99 5 F. ad init.
laf, sb.f.str. remnant, remainder,
'lave.'
sio laf. 86 7 A. (lafe).
to lafe = remaining. 93 7 A.
E.

land,

long time, far. 1. on dseg, far on


in the day. 871*. 921 A. p. 53b.

ship of war.

adv.compar. (but used also as


a noun) less. 901A.

lees,

lsestan, wJc.v.

dis-

893*. 897A. p. 42m. of


time, fern ace. -ge. 94 2 A.
comp.
lengra. 893A. (-re). E.
Lang-beardna-land (E), Longbeardna-lond (A), the land of
the Lombards, Lombardy. 887*.
lange*, longe (A.), adv. long, a
tance.

init.

gen.pl. laj>ra. 93 7 -Adat. pi. lafmm. ib.

ad
p.

60 1.
leaf, sbf.str. leave, permission, dat.
-fe.

90 1 A.

weak form
lecgan,

iqk.v.

-fan.

(as if

from a

leqfe).

to

lay, to

put

trans. to betake oneself, go.


pi. legdun. 937A. p 6ot.

in-

p.

Lega-ceaster (1), Lsega- (2), LegNL. Ches(3), Lig- (4), sb.f.str.


ter. 894??.

1000E

p.

40h

972E

(1).

(2).

90 7B (4).
NL.
Lege-ceaster-scfr,
sb.f.str.
Cheshire. 980C.
lengten, sb.m.str. 'lent,' spring.
dat. -ne. 798E.
(3).

sb.f.str. a people, nation ; in


pi. -da. 937 A. p. 58 1.
people,
pi.
959E. cf. leode.

leod,

leod-bisceop, sb.m.str. a suffragan


bishop, dat. -pe. 97 iB. pi. -pas.
979C.
leode, sb.m.pl.str.
Itutt, people.
937B.C.D. p. 5 8n. 99 5 F.p.82b.
gen.pl. -da. 9 75 A.
pi.

-dum. 855A.

v.

ad

init.

leod.

dat.

GLOSSA R Y.

115

leof, adj. Itrfj, acceptable, dear. sup.


leofuste. 995F. ad fin.

Lindisfarne Isgen.pl. -rena ea


land. 793 E.
-ma. 803E.

975A. ad

loc-hweer, adv. wherever (16c whar),


995F.p. 82 1.

sb.n.str.

fleoht,
init.
-ta.

789E.

light.

(lioht.

F.)

gen. pi.

973A.

leoma, sb.m.wk.
89 2 A.
letting,

light, ray,

pi. -man.

16eian, ick.v. to look,


E. p. 68 h.

hindrance.

dot. -ge. 995F. p. 82 h.


ick.v. to live. 901A.

libban,

leofude. 988E.
lyfode. C.
part.dat. -bendum. 979E.

p.sg.
pres.

to, pertain to.

pres.sg.

to li5, Hn. 963E. p.

lie-hama
979.

980E

(2).

pi. Jaer

dat.acc. -man.

959E.

Lunden-burg
don.

dead body, tomb, (-raest). 977C


sb.n.str. a ship.
gen. -des.
93 7 A. p. 6oh,l.
Lid-wiccas, sb.pl.m.str. the people of
Brittany, Brittany, dat. -wicum.
-wiccum.
91 oE.
91 8 A (LioSwicum). 91 5D. -wiccium. 885 A.
Lid-wicingas, same as preceding
word. S85C. D.
dat. -fe. 9 75 A. ad
lif, sb.n.str. life.
init. 978E. ib.
Ligera-ceaster (1), Ligere- (2),
Ligora- (3), sb.f.str. NL. Leicester.
91 7A (1). 914D (2). 942

(A), -burh (E), Londat. -byrg. 91 2 A.

ace.

Lygan. 895A. gen.dat. Lyg913A.


Lyg-tun (1), Lig- (2), NL. Leighean.

Beds.

(Thorpe.)

917A

(1).

(2).
^9 4
lytel*, litel*, adj. little, small, as
subst. a little, {y prevails in
;
i in E.) 1. aefter J)am. 793E. inst.
-tie. 871*. 937A. p. 60I.
acc.f.
i

-tie.

988E.

M.
ma, adv.compar. more. 937A.

p.

61

used also as a substantive. 897A


p. 42 m. 905 A.

macian, wk.v.

to

make, to

do.

inf.

(macen). 963E ad init. p.sg


macade (makode). ib. macede. ib
p. 68 h.
p.pl. macedon. 870E.

meeg

(?), st.wTc.v.

pres.2nd.sg.
pres.ist.pl.

am

able,

may

81 b
magon. 905 A. 979E

miht. 995F.

p.

mehte. 901 A. meahte. 877A


mihte. E. 1001A. p.pl. meahten

(3).

p.sg.

lig-rsesc, sb.m.str. lightning, a flash


of lightning,
pi. -cas. 793E.

897A. p.421. -ton. 91 8 A. mehten


mehton. 894
inihton. D.
91 iA.
A. p. 38 1. (muhton). 992E.

Lind-cylene, NL. Lincoln. 942A.


Lindesse (1), Lindes-ig (2), NL.
Lindwey, the

northern

Lincolnshire,

dat. 874* (i).

886*.

-byrig. 872*.
lyft, sb.m.f.str. luft, the air.
gen.
dat. -te. 926D. 793E.
Lyge, sb.f.wk. NL. the river Lea.

flid,

dat. -enne,

-ene. 839*.

(1).

lie-rest, sb.f.str. place of rest for a

on his

dat.acc. -fan.

Lunden, London. 992E.

ton,

sb.m.wk.

975A.

891 A. 975A. p. 72 m.
flufian, wk.v. to love. p.sg. lufode.

68m.

(1 ),"^iQ-h.ova.a, (2),

a body. 906D
^

&

love,

lufe, sb.f.wk.

963

855*.

loh, sb.n.str. place, stead,


loh, in his place. 93 iF.

a bexjy, corpse.
855*. 86c*. pi. 924D.
licgan, st.v. (1) to lie, to lie dead.
901A. (licgean). D. pres.sg. ligS.
855*. 860*.
792E. 962A.
1TJ).
pres.pl. lift. 924C.
licgaft. B.
p.
sg. lseg. 937A. p. 58b. p.pl. lsegun.
ib. p. 60 h.
(lagon) (laei) (lsegen).
963E. p. 69b. reflex, ^lagen) heom.
998E. la%on him. D. 999E. (a) of

a stream, road, &c, to run, to go.


lift. 863*.
(3) to belong

Me.

dat.

959E.

lie, sb.n.str. letrfjf,

pres.sg.

(locon).

lof, 8b.m.n.str. praise, glory.

926D.
let,

sb.f.str.

beam.

part

of

993

(2).

Lindisfaran, sb.pl.m.wk. a people


settled in part of Northumbria.
I

mseg, sb.m.str. a relative, kinsman.


962A. nom.pl. magas. 979E. gen.
pi. maega. 937A. p. 60 b.
maga.
942A.
dat.pl. maegum. 823A.

magum.
2

E.

n6

GLOSSARY.

a clan, kindred.
942D.
msel, sb.n.str. a mark, a sign. Crlstes
msel, the cross. 963E. p. 69m.
Msel-dun, sb.f.str. NL. Maldon in
Essex. 91 3A. 920A.
fmeeg]),

sb.f.str.

gen.pl. majgj>a.

Msen-ig,
Isle of

sb.f.str.

Man.

NL. Mona,

ace. -ge.

the

1000E.

msere, adj. glorious, splendid. 937A.


nom.wJc. se msera.
p. 58 1. '948D.
975E.
fmsersian, wTc.v. to make great, to
honour, p.sg. -sode. 979E.
fmserp, sb.f.str. glory, a mightywork. gen.pl. maerSa fruina, i.e.
God. 975 A. p. 72 m.
Mses, sb.f.str. NL. the river Meuse.
882*.

937A.

many a man,

nige. 798E.

manig-feald

913A&/?.
meesse-dseg, sb.m.str. a mass day,
festival.

954A.

msesse-liacele, sb.f.wJc. a mass-garment, cope or chasuble, (messehacel). 963E. p. 69m.


msesse-niht, sb.f.str. the eve of a
festival. 827A (messa-). E. 971B.
meesse-preost, sb.m.str. a masspriest, a priest. 903A.
meessian, wk.v. to say mass. 995F.
p. 82 1.

msest, adj. sup. most, greatest, nom.


m.wk. se -ta. 911 A. neat. J>aet -te.
851*. acc.m.wk. -tan. 878*. pl.nom.
ealle maeste, almost all. 918A. ad
gen.pl. -tra. 894. p. 36 b.
msest, adv.sup. (1) mostly, for the
fin.

part.

980C.

919A.
Msetern, sb.f.str. NL.
Marne. 887*.

Mame-ceaster,

with

(2) joined

eall, almost, maest ealle.

sb.f.str.

910 E.

the

river

chester. 92 3 A.

people,

one,

mon. 787A. man.

they,
E. so :

877*.

man-bryne,
structive

sb.m.str.

fire.

man-cwealm,

fatal,

de-

96 2 A.

mon. 853A.

sb.m.str.

plague,

(2), adj.
-de. 975

sb.m.str. a

nom.pl.

&

ace.

man
men

882*. gen.pl. monna. 78 7 A. manna. E.


So 882*. dat.pl. mon

num. 838A. mannum. 921 A. p


54m.
man-sliht (1), -sleht (2), sb.m.str
slaughter, murder. 793E (2). dat

994E

(1).

mara

m, mare, f.n.adj.comp. more,


noni.m. niara foltuni.92iA.p.53h.
ace. maran hearm. 994E.
(the
neuter used substantially), J)a3S
landes mare. p. 53I. 937 A. p. 61 b.
market, sb.n.str. a market. 963E.
p.

68m.

(-te). ib.l.

martir, sb.m.str. a martyr, gen.pl.


-ra. 995F. p. 8 ib.
fmece, sb.m.str. a falchion, sword.
dat.pl. -cum. 937A. p. 60 1.
gen.
pi. meca. ib. C. mecea. B. p. 60 n
has wrongly mcecari).
(where

Medes-ham-stede,

sb.m.str.

NL.

the original name of Peterborough.


85 2E. The historv of the change
of name is given 963E. p. 69 1.
Mede-wsege, sbf.wk. NL. the Med-

way. gen. -gan. 999E.


Meniere, Mere (?), sbf.wk. NL.
the river Maran, Herts. 91 3 A. D.
fnaere, sb.m.str. xtlttX, the sea. 937
A. p. 61 m.
Meres-ig. sb.f.str. NL. Mersea,
Essex. 895 A.

morning, morrow.
morgen.

sb.m.str.

1001A.

cf.

sb.m.str.

(Romney)-Marsh,

Kent. 796 A.
'M.eTsc-wa,re,sb.pl.m.str. inhabitants
of marshes. (1) of Romney Marsh.

796E.

(2) of

metan, wk.v.

96 2 A.
manig, msenig, monig, adj. many.
pestilence.

pi.

(2).

Merse,

man, mon, indefpron.

msenig-

mann* monn (A),

mergen,

NL. Man-

(1),

divers,

manifold,

pi. -turn.

meesse, sbf.wk. a mass, a festival


day e. g. ymb Martines msessan,
about Martinmas, i.e. Nov. 11.

most

p. 58 b. monig mon,
85 3A. 895 A. manig.
975E.
pl.nom. monige. 905A.
pl.acc.
manige. 897A. p. 42 h.
manega. 910A. manege. D. ms-

nisenig.

838 A.
psg.
metton. 868*.

the fens.

(?)

to meet, find.

mette. 877 A. p.pl.


mete, sb.m.str. meat,
918A.

food.

891A.

"7

GLOSSARY.
mete-leas, adj. without food.
-se.

pi.

mete-lyst

want of

-liest

(1),

dat.

food.

(2),
-te.

sb.f.str.

894A.

p.

Creator, Lord.
gen. -des. 975 A. p. 72 m.
metsung, sb.f.str. provisioning, prosb.rn.8tr.

visions, ace. -ge.

micel

Middel-tun, sb.m.str. Milton Abbas,


Dorset. 964A.
sb.m.wJc. co-operator,

mid-wyrhta,

39 1 (0-

fMetod,

mycel

(1),

NL. Milton

sb.m.str.

Middel-tun,

Royal, Kent. 893*.

91 8A.

945A.

mil.

sb.f.str.
-la. 893*.

'mickle,'

877A(i).E(2). nom.m.wTc.
micela. 96 2 A. micla. 894A. p. 38 1.
acc.tn.
nom.n.tvk. myccle. 97 7C.
str. micelne. 885A.
mycelne. E.
miclne. 894 A. p. 39 1. acc.f. micle.
great,

nom.

& gen.pl.

sb.f.str.

mercy,

a mile.

mild-heortniss,

994E.
(2),

aider.

ace. -se. 994E.


loving-kindness,
min. adj.pron. my, mine. 96 3E. p.
69b. inst.n. mine. 975A. p. 72 h.

867A.

995F. p. 82 b. pl.nom.
mine. 963E. p. 69 b.
mis-deed, sb.f.str. a misdeed, acc.sg.
pl.nom. -da. ib.
(-da). 959E.

niiclan.

mist-lie, adj. various,

gen.m.wJc.
myccle. E.
893 A. mycclan. E. dat.
m.str. mycclum. 855E.
dat.f.str.
micelre. 855 A. 88 7A. (mycel). E.
inst.m. micle. 823A.
mycele. E.

myccle.
pl.f.nom. micla. 885A.
E. pl.acc.m. micle. 877A. mycele.
neuter used substantially,
E.
micel J>aes folces. 878 A. mycel. E.

used
much,
adverbially,
greatly, miclum. 878 A. mycclum.
dat.

E. 882*.

so: instr. micle.

1001A.

(with compar.)
ttttt, with. (1) in
conjunction with, together with.
845*. (here and often mid is used
of the friends with or on whose
side one fights wid of the enemies

mid, prep.dat.inst.

with or against

whom

one

fights.)

mid miclehere. 875 A. (dat.)


myd mycclum here. E. (2) through,
with, by means of, 897A. ad init.
mid ]>an, there91 8 A. 92 6D.
(imt.)

upon, with that. 82 7E.


dicating the
cumstances,

mid

sibbe.

(3) in-

accompanying

cir-

mid unryhte. 823*.


mid ge)>afunge.

926D.

887* = unrightfully, peaceably,


by permission, used adverbially.
9 8A. 894 A. ad init. v. eall.
midd, adj. mid, middle, dat. ser
1

middum
885A =

wintra before Christmas.


-dan. E. acc.masc. on, on
ufan midne winter, at, after, Christ-

mas. 878*. 915C. f. on midde niht.


979C. gen. on middeswintres msesse niht. on Christmas Eve. 827*.
middel-rice, sb.n.str. middle king-

dom. 887*.

dat.f. -nre.

acc.pl.

-ce.

979C. dat.pl. -cum. 995F. p. 80 b.


mitta, sb.m.wJc. a measure, pi. -tan.
852E.
mod, sb.n.str. * mood,' mind, heart.
dat. -de. 975 A. p. 72m.

moder

modor

(1),

mother.

994E

(2),

sb.f.str.

moder.

gen.

(2).

903 D.
*
sb.f.wJc. mould,' earth, the
world, dat. -dan. 975A. p. 72 1.
m6na, sb.m.wk. the moon. (fern.

fmolde,

dat.

827* 8cfq.

wrongly. 795E.)
-nan. 806F.

month. 975A.
monoS, ib. dat. monjje.
pi. mona>. 855*. 871A.
monSas. E. cf. 894 A. ad init.
sb.m.str. a

monap,

1.

72
888*.

p.

mor-fsesten, -festen, sb.n.str. moorfastness.


dat.pl. -num. 878*.

morgen,
995F.

sb.m.str.

p.

82

morning, morrow.
mergen.

cf.

1.

fmorgen-tid, sb.f.str. morning


morning. 937 A. p. 58 1.

be allowed, may,
motan. 995F. p.

st.wk.v. to

motan,
must,
82h.

pres.pl.

mund-bora,

sb.m.wk.

guardian. 942A. 975E.


823 A. -buran. E.

mund-byrd,
munt,

921A.
a mountain

the Alps.

munuc, munec,
(munac.)

protection,

sb.f.str.

sb.m.str.

fically,

protector,
dat. -ran.

ace. -de.

patronage,

gen.

933A. 984E.

p.

init.

55 b

speci

-tes.

sb.m.str.

963E. ad

-ecas.963E.

tide,

887*

monk

pl.acc
gen.pl. -eca
dat.pl. -ecan. 964A

p.

676.

n8

GLOSSARY.
munec-

munuc-had,

sb.m.str.

monkhood, the monastic

life.

gen.

-des. 99 5F. p. 8il.


munuc-lif, sb.n.str. 'monastic life,'
place where that life is lived,
a monastery. 975E.
munuc-regol, sb.m.str. monastic

rule, mode of life. 975D.


mutt, sb.m.str. mouth, mouth of a
dat. set Tinan mu}>e, at
river,

Sone muj>e,
corrupt reading. 794E. v. Done
aet

Tynemouth. 792E.

muj)a.
st.m.tcJc. the mouth of a river,
dat. -J>an. ib. freestuary. 893*.
quent in composition with names

mupa,

of rivers.
adj. sharpened in

fmylen-scearp,

on the grindstone.
dat.pl. (-pan). 937A. -pum. B. C.
myneter, sb.m.str. amoneyer, minter.
(lat. monetarius). 963E. p. 681.
mynster, sb.n.str. a monastery, a
church,
[the form minster only
the mill,

i.e.

occurs in the late parts of E.

e.g.

962 A. 794E. dat. ofEaldan


"j of Niwan
mynstre, the
new minster, i.e. the
Cathedral and Hyde Abbey at
Winchester. 964A. acc.pl. -tra.

963.]

mynstre
old and

975D.

(-tre).

870E. dat.pl.

-tran.

796F.

Myrce

(1),

Mierce

(2),

Merce

(3).

to have.

p.sg. nsefde. 897A.


p.pl. nsefdon. 999E.
neefre, adv. never. 1001E.

ad

init.

fnsegled-cnearr, sb.m.str. a
fastened

vessel.

nail-

-rum.

dat.pl.

937A. p. 61 m.
[ne+wses], was not. 889*.
subj. nsere. 943D. pi. nseron. 897A.

nses

P.42I.

naht [na + wiht],

not a

sb.n.str.

whit,nought,nothing. 995F. p. 82 h.
naht, adv. not. 995F. p. 82 m.
fnaht-lic, adj. 'nought-like,' worthless, of no avail,
pi. -ce. 979E.

nama (i),noma (2),sb.m.wk.

name.
A(2). E(i). 9 7 5 A.p.72h.(i).
acc.dat. -man. 959E. 975 A. p.
7 94

^72b. (1).^
[ne + an], pron.adj. not one,
none. 868*. acc.m. -nne. 918A. /.
nane. 963E. p. 68m. dat.f. -nre.
876*. dat.m. -num. 93 7A. p. 60 h.
na-wer [na + hweer], adv. nowhere.

nan

918A. nawsern 915D.


nawlSer
conj.
[na + hweetter],
neither, nawSer ne
ne, neither
nor. 897A. p. 42 m. naj)er na
.

na. 995F. p. 82I.


ne, adv.conj. not, nor. 877*. 937A.
p. 61 1.
975E. emphasising the
negative contained in a preceding
v. na, nawSer.
nsere. 943D.
.

neah,

adj. near.
sup. next, nearest,
niehst. 878A. nehstE. dat.

sb.m.pl.str. the Mercians, Mercia.

last,

nom. 872A

pi. niehstum. 9 21 A. p. 54 1. nih-

(a).

(1).

937A.

p.

6ot(i). ace. 853A (2 & 3). 796E.


(Myrcene). 868E. gen. Myrcna,
Mercna land, i.e. Mercia. 92 2 A.
905 A. Miercna lond. 877 A. Myrcenaland. E. so: Miercna,Myrcena

stum.

ib.

m.

aet

rice.

nyxtan, finally.
994E.
neah, prep.dat. near to, near. 895A.
neh. 909D.
neah, adv. nearly. 973A. 1000E.
most nearly, in
sup. niehtst,

911D.

closest proximity. 894A.


nea-west, sb.m.f.str. nearness, neighbourhood, dat. on -te (with gen.)
near. 896A. )>a;r on n., near there-

828*.
dat. Mercum. 910A.
Myrcum. D. Myrceon. 975A. p.
72m.
Myrc-land, sb.n.str. NL. Mercia.

fmyrran,
'mar.'

wh.v. to hinder, obstruct,


p.pi.

myrdon. 975D.

N.
na, adv.conj. no, not, nor. 1001A.
joined with ne, na ne. 871 A.
emphasising a preceding ne. 894A.
ad Jin. v. nawSer.
nabban [ne + habban], wh.v. not

to.

924A.

nefa, sb.m.wk. nephew. 789E.

nemnan, wlc.v. to name,

call,

pres.pl.

9 73 A. p.sg. ic nemde. 905 A.


p.p. -ned. 794*nigon, num.sub. & adj. nine. ace.
973A. as adj.undecl.dat. nigon
nihtum. 898 A. as subst.decl. mid
-naj>.

-num

J>ara scipa.

897A.

p.

42 1.

GLOSSARY.
nigon-teope, num.adj. nineteenth.
855A.
niht.

night,

8b.f.str.

acc.sg.

niht.

878*. (naeht) 85 2E. dat. nihte.


992E. pl.acc. niht. 871*. dat.pl.
(point of time) -turn. 898A. -ton.
97 1 B. a quasi gen. nihtes, nachts,
used adverbially, by night. 876*.
so

on niht. 894A. ad

niman,

st.v. nefjtnttt, to

nam. 787E.

init.

take.

p.sg.

wife; frequently of making peace,


&c. with, friS wip
nam, na.

mon. 867*. 866A.


up. 963 E. ad Jin.

nam

dp, took

gen. -fta
sb.pl.rn.str. men.
beam, the children of men. 973A.
\ nTS-weorc, sb.n.str. work of feud,
battle,
gen.pl. -ca. 973A.
niwe, adj. new, fresh, dat.n. -wan.

fniSas,

792E. gen.pl.wk. -wena. 897. v.


mynster.
no-lses, adv. (used also as a substantive), no less. 897 A. ad fin. v.
lses.

nor?, adv. northwards. 823*. 937 A.


p. 60 1. foron norS ymbutan, went
north about. 894A.

p.

38 h.

norfl, adj. northern,


accf. -San.
91 3D. comp.acc.fi. -Sran, A. norperran. 92 2 A.
norpan, adv. from the north. 921 A.

ad

inil.

be norpan (with dat.),


894A. p. 39 m.
sb.m.str.
the northern

to the north of.

norft-dsel,
dat.
part.

-le. 926D.
norperne, adj. northern, nom.m.wk.
-na. 890A. (-ne). E.

norft-healf,

sh.f.str.

the north side.

ace. -fe.

977C.
norft-here, sb.m.str. the northern
army. 910A.
Norftan-hymbre, sb.pl.m.str. the

Northumbria.
Northumbrians,
ace. 867E.
[In
gen. -ra. ib*.
795E. -bran, is prob. a mistake for
-bra D.]
N"orp-hymbre,8&.^>?.w.sfr.theNorth-

umbrians,

Northumbria.

867 A.

dat. -rum. 794E. 911 A. gen. -bra


land, Northumbria. 788E. 944A.

Nor'o'-mann,

sb.m.str.

a Norseman,

Norwegian or Dane. [Sometimes


Northmen and Danes are

the

as

identified,

787E

sometimes

they are distinguished, as in 924A.


In 942 A. the construction is doubtful.] pl.nom. -men. 924A. 937A.
p. 61 m. gen.pl. -manna. 787E. 937

A. p. 60 1.
94 2 A.
p.

-inaunum.

dat.pl.

norfl-see, sb.f.str. a sea

894A.

nom. A., took to

119

on the north.

38 h.

norfl-scip-here, sb.m.str. the northern fleet,


dat. -rige. 980C. v.
scip-here.

NortS-Wealas

-Walas

(r),

(2), sb.

pl.m.str. the Welsh, Wales, [called


North Wales as opp. to West
ace. 828
Wales, or Cornwall.]

A (2), E (1).

so
853*. 918A (1).
997E (2), 922A (1).
Norp-Weall-cynn, sb.n.str. the
:

dat. -lum.

Welsh. 92 2 A.
p.

gen.

-nes,

894A.

39 l -

norp-weardes, adv. northwards. 894


A. p. 37 1.
nu, adv. now. 905A. 979E.
nunne (1), nonne (2), sb.fi.wfc. anun.
dat. -nan.

901A

(1).
(2).
init.

(nun,

nunna). 963E. ad

nyd, ned, nead, neod, sb.n.f.str.


need.
dat. nede. 937A. p. 60 1.

neade CD. neode. 906E. nyde.


942A.
nyllan [ne + willan], st-wlt.v. not to
will.
p.sg. nolde. 995F. p. 82m.
subj. nolde. 994E.
p.pl. noldon.
876*. (-den). 979E.

nytan [ne + witan],


know,

st.wh.vb. not to
to be ignorant, p.sg. nyste.

787*.

nyt-wyrfte,
-Soste.

useful.

adj.

897A.

p.

sup.pl.

42 1.

O.
of, prep.dat. of, from, of place, from.

of the agent, by, 890 a


in late
usage = derived from, belonging
to. 887E. abbot of Burch, abbot of
836*. &fq.

of material,

made of, 891 A.

(v. on.) in a
partitive sense, -an of }>am, one of

Peterborough. 992E.

them.

897A.

992F.
42 1.

p.

Adverbial,

away,

v. ]>xr.

of-agan, v. agan.
of-aslean, st.v. to smite

off.

792A.F.

GLOSSARY.

120

ofer,2>re/>.da.acc.over,past,throughout. with ace. of place ; ofer sse,


across the sea. 874*. ofer Myrce,
over Mercia. 870*. ofer land, over

land,

land.

by

ofer

896A.

)>a

bryege, past the bridge. 887*


throughout. 855*.metaph. against,
contrary to. 901 A. 1001A. of time,
over, through, ofer winter. 855*.

with dat. of time,

after.

878*.

adverbial, 800*. 893*.

ofer-cuman,

st.v.

to overcome,

p.

-cpman. 937A. ad Jin.


ofer-gan, st.v. to over-run, conquer.
pi.

p.sg. -eode.

ofer-weder, sb.n.str. storm, tempest.


794E.
of-faran, st.v. to overtake. 894A.
ad Jin. p.pl. offoron. 911 A.
of-feran, wk.v. to overtake,

p.sg.

948 D.

962A.
offrian, wk.v. to offer,

p.sg.

-rede.

963E. ad Jin.
to

murder.

979E.

ofor, v. ufor.
of-ridan, st.v. to overtake by riding.
877*.
of-slean, st.v. to kill, to slay. 79 2 E.
ofsl6h. E.
7 87 A.
p.sg. ofslog.
p.pl. ofslogon. 870*.
fq. -gen.

&

885E. p.p. ofslagen. 789E

(-gan).

ib. -slsegen. 871*. -slegen. 1001A.


pi. -slagene. 800E. -slaegene A.
867*.
gen.pl. -slagenra. 871E.

-slaegenra.

on.

among. 855*. 891 A. & fq. (in


855 A. on Francum is prob. an
error for of the reading of B.C.)
of towns, &c, at, 839*. &fq. bis-

cop on Hrofesceastre, ealdormon


on Cent., bishop of Rochester, &c.
897A.p.42t. temporal, of a period
of time; in, during, on his dagum,
in his time. 787*. Scfq. of a definite
date; at, on. 827*. &fq. of circumstances, condition, &c.

on

twsm

fleame. 917A. on byre rsedenne,


at her disposal. 91 8C. on Jam,

thereupon. 827A. with verbs of


swearing, promising, &c, = on,
by. 876*. on wedde, on security.
91 8C. with verbs of learning, &c.
= from, geleornian ... on bocan.

995F. ad init. consisting in, on


on wifum ... on bearnum.

feo ...
ace.

p.

local,

38 1. 997E.
into. 885*

dueled on v., into five

(ii)

with

&

fq. to
parts. 871* ;

indicating purpose, occupation, &c.


on hergaS faran, to go a-harrying.
91 iA. on last, in pursuit. 937A.
= against. 994E. (cf. feohp. 60 1.
tan) ; without any clear idea of
motion. 813*. indicating the manner ; on mistlice beamas, like, in
;

wk.v.

fof-myr'o'rian,

of-stingan,

with dat. local

in,

894A.

of-feallan, st.v. to fall upon, to kill.


p.sg. hine offeoll, killed himself.

p.pl. -rodon.

(i)

85 iE. 887* ad Jin. on sx, at sea.


933E. of countries, peoples, &c.

gefylcum, in two bands. 871*. on

993A.

ofer-hergian, wk.v. to ravage, overrun. 969E.


p-sg. -gade. 905A.
-geade. 796A. -gode. 945*. p.pl.
-geadon. 83 2 A. -godon. E.

offerde.

at, into,

A. -slegenra. 1001A.
*t.v.

to stab.

p.sg. of-

the manner of. 979C on Englisc,


in English. 892A. was sunnandaag
on daeg, as regards the day. 963A.
of time, at, during, on. 97 iB.
979C. cf. on J)ere niht {dat.) Se
hi on oone daei

cumon

(ace.)

togsedere

on the eve of
the day on which, &c. 99 2 E.
Adverbial ; 894A. ad init. dyde on,
put on. 995F. p. 82. So, emphasissceoldon,

oft-rsedlice, adv. frequently. 887*.


oft-sfS, sb.m.str. a time that often
recurs, on oft-si'oas, frequently.

ing a preceding on. 893*. v. an.


st.v. to bend in reverence,
to bow. 979E. cf. a-bugan.
on-butan(i), -on (2), prep.dat.acc.
about. Adverbial, 9i7A(i). 1001
E (2). with words denoting the
points of the compass, west onbutan faran, to go west about.

979C.
on, an (984A), prep.dat.acc. on,

918A. v. a-butan.
ond, v. and.

946D.

stang.

p.p.

ofstungen.

on-bugan,

946E.
oft,

adv.

comp.

oft,
oftor.

oftost.

959E.

often.

894A.

871*.
p.

36 b.

&

fq.
sup.

in,

GLOSSARY.
ondlong,

v.

andlang.

on-feohtan, v. feohtan.
on-fon, to receive, inf. 878*. (with
gen. & dat. esp. of a godparent receiving a godchild at baptism or
confirmation), onfeng. 804*. p.p.
onfangen. 894A. p. 38 b. v. an- ton.

on-foran, prep. ace. before,


894A. p. 40 1.

o.

winter.

on-gean

(1), on-gen (2), prep.dat.


ace. against, towards, to meet. ace.

894A.
dat.
its

p.

case.

878A

897A (2), 979E (1).


999E (1). putatter
972E (1). Adverbial,

37 1.

972E
(2).

(1).

E (1).

v.

an-gean.

on-gitan, st.v. to understand, perceive. 979E.


p.sg. onget. 896A.
p.pl. ongeaton. 948D.

on-hagian, wk.v.impers. to suit, to


please, p.sg. -gode. 918A.
on-ridan, st.v. to ride on (a raid,
&c). p.pl. -don. 87 1 A. -den. E.
on-stellan, wJc.v. to set on foot,
of.

p.pl.

on-

stealdon. 993E.
on-tendan, wk.v. to kindle. 994E.
v.

a-tendan.

on- weald

gen.m. opres. 878*. neut.


dat.m. oprum . oprum.
871*. 68ran. 984A {v. healf). dat.

998E.
896 A.

power, jurisdiction,
v. an-weald.

A (2).

(2),

sb.m.str.

999E. on

6f5re.

Ssere o^jre tid,


inst.

6J>re 8tpe

opre sipe, once,

another time. 894 A. p. 36 b. opre


sipe, a second time. ib. p. 39 1.
6pre geare, the next year. 914C.
pl.m. opre. 91 7 A.

A.

neut. oSru.

897

42 m. opre. 851*. gen.pl.


operra. 897A. p. 42 b. 60ra. 1001
A. dat.pl. oftrum. 897A. p. 43 k
v. oSSe.
p.

st.v.

to flee

p.pl. -flugon.

away, escape.

92 1 A.

54m.

p.

ofl-rowan, st.v. to escape by rowing.


p.pl. ut oSreowon, they rowed out
and away. 897A. p. 43 m.
oU-swimman, st.v. to escape by

swimming, -swymman. 915D.


or. 89 2 A. 6Ser, 05Se

oppe, conj.
.

...

oSSe, one of the two, either


or. 90 1 A. four times repeated.

894A.

p.

38 1.

until. 894A. p. 38 m.
918A. prob. short for ojipset pe.

oppe, conj.

cf.

oppaet.

oppa3t, ot?8et, conj. until. 885*.


oft-windan, st.v. to escape, get away.
p.sg. oSwand. 897A. p. 42b.
op-ywian(i), o^J-eowian(2), wk.v.
to show, to appear, p.sg. -wde (1).

905 B.

-wald

(1),

at the second hour. 800E.

op-fleon,

on-gean, adv. again. 1001A.


on-gean- ward, adv. going back or
again or towards. 963E. p. 69 1.
Ongel-cynn, v. Angel-cynn.
on-ginnan, st.v. to begin.
p.sg.
ongan. 995F. p. 82 1. p.p. ongunnen. 896A.

give the example

121

p.pl.

p.p. -wed.

-wdon.

979C

926D (2).
(1). cf. set-ywian.

dat. -de. 901

a- way. 90 1 A. v. a-weg.
or-meete, adj. immense, excessive.

on-weg, adv.
acc.f.

1001E.

-msete.

pi.

-mete.

793E.
op, prep.dat.acc. up to, as far as,
until,
ace. of place. 868 &fq. of
time, op niht. 871*.
o])J)3et,

942 A. 1001A.

until.

08, eonj.

cf.

oppe.

oper, pron.adj.&sb. other, the other


the second, the next; one of two;
another, se oper, one of the two.
87 1 E. oper
oper, the one
the other. 885*. nom.f. sto operu.

894A.

p.

6J>erne,

other.

38 1.
each

887*.

acc.m. aeghwseper
the other, each
.

acc.f.

6]>re.

91 7 A.

pallium, sb.m. (Latin word) the


archiepiscopal

pall

or

pallium.

804* 8c fq.
papa, sb.rn.wk. pope. 814*. gen.dat.
-pan. 813*. 797*.

Passan-ham, sb.m.str. NL. Passenham, Norfolk.


Peac-land, -lond, sb.n.str. NL. the
country of the Peak, Derbyshire.

924A.
pearruc,

sb.m.str.

an

enclosure,

park.' 91 8 A.
Pedride, Pedrede, Isbfivk. NL.
'

the river Parret, Somerset. 845*.

894A. p. 39. m.
Pentecosten, sb.m.str. Pentecost.

GLOSSARY.

122

-nesdseg.973A. (Pentecoste msesse


dsei). 972E.
Penwiht-steort, sb.m.str. NL. the
Land's End, Cornwall. 997E.
Peohtas, Pentas, sb.pl.m.str. the
Picts. 875*.

Peon(n)ho,

NL.

Devon.

Pinho,

1001*.

NL.

Pincan-heall, sb.m. Istr.


chale, Durham. 788E.

Fin-

"t/plegian, wk.v. to play, (with gen.)


p.pl. -godan. 937A. p. 61 in.
Port, sb.m.str. NL. the Isle of Port-

land, Dorset. 837*. So

rape, adv. soon, quickly. 91 7 A. 991


E.
sup. raftost. 901A. cf. hraSe.
reaf, sb.n.str. a robe, vestment.

69 m.

p.

sb.m.n.str. robbery,

plun-

dering. 793E.
reean, wk.v. to reck, to care.
rohton. 891 A.

p.pl.

regul,
rule.

a ruler,

sb.m.str.

freccend,
975E.

a rule,

sb.m.str.

sg. rest.

rested.

962A.

refie, adj. fierce, terrible.

982C.

dot. -ce.
ticus).
east -ce. 918C.

99 7 C.

chapel,
s.v. por-

on

of any

officer,

abbot-rice.

pres.

867P.
793E.
tCtcfj,

district or office
cf.

bisceop-nce,

Of the royal power.

Of the papacy. 814*.

passim.

gen. -ces. 821*.


rice, adj. powerful, rich. 963E. pp.

churcli, Gloucestershire, dot. -can.

946D.

lie.

power, authority, kingship, king-

dom. Used of the

Port-loca, Por-loca, sb.m.ivk. NL.


Porlock, Somerset. 91 8 A. 91 5D.
preost, sb.m.str. a prie3t. pi. -tas.
96 4 A. gen.pl. -ta. 97 3 A.
Puclan-cyrce, sbf.wk. NL. Puckle-

monastic

retJru. 89 iF. v. ge-re)>ru.


rice, sb.n. (masc. 90 iD) str.

jam

-cent.

963 E.

restan, wk.v. to rest, to

Port-land.

portic, sb.m.str. a porch,


sanctuary (v. Ducange,

67b, 69m.
wk.v. to rule, to
ricsode.
855 A. rixade.
reign, p.sg.
E. 941 A. rixsade. 95 5 A. rixode.

ricsian, rixian,

a pound, gen.pl. -da.


99 1 E. dat.pl. -dum. 91 8 A.
pytan, pycan ut, wk.v. to put or
Doubtful reading in
pick out.

pund,

963E.

(raif).

reaflac,

sb.n.str.

796F.

796E.
ridan, str. v. to
rad. 787*. rad

ride.
.

901 A.

up.

896A.

p.sg.

p.pl.

ridon
dp. 871*.
riht, sb.n.str. law, right. 91 iD. 975
.

E.

A.
rad, sb.fstr. a riding, expedition,
raid/ pi. rade. 87 1 A. rada. E.
rsed, sb.m.str. rede,' counsel. 99 iE.
dat. -de. 995F. p. 82 m. pi. -das.

p. 72I.

frihte, adv. rightly, duly. 97 5 A.

p. 72

1.

'

979E.
rsedan, wk.v. (1) to counsel, advise.
p.sg. rajdde. 959E.
p.pl. raeddan.
99 5 F. p. 82 m. (2) to read. inf.
rieddan. 995F. p. 81 b.
sup. t6
(raedon.) ib. p.

reede-here,

80 1.

sb.m.str.

mounted

force.

891A.
frsedend, sb.m.str. ruler, governor.
rodera R., i.e. God. 975A. p. 72 1.
reederm (1), reeding (2), sb.f.str.
rule, government, disposition, dat.
9 i8C.p. 57I. (i)D(2).
rsefen,

proud,

sb.m.str. lawful

dat. -me. 91SC.


authority,
rihting, sb.f.str. direction, order.
In 963E. p. 681. it seems to mean
privilege, or privileged district.

frim, sb.n.str. number, gen. -mes.


973^.
riman, wk.v. to count, number.
'

p.sg. -mde. 871*.


frim-crseft, sb.m.str. the art of
reckoning, arithmetic, dat. -te.
975 A. p. 72 1.
rinnan, xt.v. to run. pres.sg. (reon-

neS). 963E. p. 69 1.
Pin, sb.m.fstr. NL. the Rhine, dat.

Pun, Pine. 887*.

v. hraefn.

ranc, adj.
975E.

riht-hlaford-dom,

'rank.'

rang.

rip, sb.n.str. reaping, harvest,


-pes.

896A.

gen.

GLOSSARY.
'rood.' gen.
sb.f.str. a cross,
rode tacn, the sign
r6de. 885*.
of the cross. 963E. p. 69 h.
-froder, sb.m.str. firmament, heaven.
gen.dat.pl. -ra, -rum. 975A. p. 72 1.

rod,

Rofe-ceaster,

802 E.

v.

Hrofes-

ceaster.

Rum-cofa,

sb.m.wJc.

NL. Runcorn,

sb.f.str.

NL. Romsey,

Hants. 97 1 W.

ryman,

wk.v.

room,

retire,

rymet,

ad

sb.n.str.

raumot, to make
p.sg. rymde. 999E.
room, space. 894A.

init.

'

sac awl soc ;


jurisdiction, right of holding a
court for criminal and civil matters,
ace. saca "j socne. 963E.
p. 681.
"j

socn,

sbs.f.str.

sacerd, sb.m.str. a priest. 903F.


fsacu, sb.f.str. strife, conflict, dat.
saecce. 93 7 A. ad init.
see,

sb.m.f.str.
(generally indecl.)
sea. 877*. 878*. 91 iA. (se).

the

885E. be |?am sae. 918A.


fssed, adj. gatt (with gen.) sated
'
with, weary of, sad.' 937A. p. 60 1.
sse-rima, sb.m.wJc. sea-shore, coast.
dat. -man, 897A. p. 42 1. 994E.

fsaluwig-pad, adj. having a sallow,' dusky coat, of a raven. 937


A. p. 61 b.
same, adv. likewise. 892A. (but the
reading is doubtful, B.C.D. have
'

sume).

sanct, sb.m.str. a saint. 979E.

Sce-Petroces-stow,
Petroc's

sb.f.str.

NL.

Padstow,
Cornwall (Thorpe). 981C.
sand, sb.f.str. an embassy, mission.
995F. p. 81 1.
place,'

Sand-wic (E), Sond-wic (A), sb.


n.str. NL. Sandwich, Kent. 851*.
Sant Lauda, sb.m.wk. NL. St. Lo,
Normandy. 890 A. (Scandlaudan).
E.
sb.pl.m.str. the Saracens.
gen. -na. 98 2 C.

Sarcenas,

'

NL.

Shaftesbury.

dat.

-byrig.

Sceap-ig (A),

-eg (E), sb.f.str.


Sheep-island,' NL. Sheppey. ace.
dat. -tge. 832*. 855*.
fsceard, adj. with gen. bereft of.

937A. p. 60b.
Sceo-burh, sb.f.str. NL. Shoebury,
Essex. 894A. p. 39 h.
fscotan, st.v. to shoot, p.p. scoten.
937A. p. 58b.
Scer-geat, sb.n.str. NL. ?Sarrat,
Herts. 912C.
fscild, sb.m.str. a shield. 937A. p.

58b.
scilling, sb.m.str. a shilling.
(The
shilling in Saxon times was not a
coin, but merely money of account,
consisting of a varying number of

pence.) gen.pl. -ga. 85 2 E.


scip, sb.n.str. a ship.
pi. scipu.
787*. scypu. 896A. scipo. 885 A.
dat.
-pa. E.
gen.pl. -pa. 851*.
pi. -pum. 885*. (-pan). 1001A.
-pon. E.
fscip-flota, sb.m.wk. a sailor, pi.
-tan. 93 7A. p. 58 m.
scip-fyrd, sb.f.str. a naval force or
expedition (always of the national
force, v. fyrd).

scip-fyrding,

dat. -de. 999E.


a naval ex-

sb.f.str.

pedition. 999E.

p.p. half-wrought, unfinished. 893*.

sam-worht,

'St.

Scald, NL. the river Scheldt. 883*.


sceacan, st.v. to shake,' to flee,
abscond, p.sg. sceoc. 99 2 E.
Sceaftes-burh, Sceeftes-, sb.f.st.

'

S.

saca

fsawl, sb.f.str. soul. dat. -le. 959E.


fscadan, st.v. schettJm, to divide.
pres.sg. -de J). 94 2 A.

982C. 980 E.

Cheshire. 91 5C.

Eumes-ig,

123

scip-here, scyp- (933A.), sb.m.str.


fleet, squadron, [used not only of
the Danish, but also of the English
naval forces.] (1) Of the English.
875*. 885*. 933*. 972E. 1001E.
(2) Of the
91 8 A. 980C. 1 00 1 A.
Danes. 835*. 860*. 877*. 894A. p.
39I. 910E. 918A. 980C. 1001A.
scip-hlsest, sb.m.str. a ship-load,
crew. pi. -tas. 882*. gen.pl. -ta.

833*. -hlesta. 837E.


scir, sb.f.str. a division, a district,
a shire, or jurisdiction, dat. scire.

894A. p. 38 1. cweSe ic (scyr), I declare to be a shire. 96 3E. p. 681.

GLOSSARY.

124
Scire-burne
(3),
set,

NL.

dat. -nan,

& (3)^867*

(2), ScirSherborne, Dor-

Scira-

(i),

sbf.wk.

860A

(2).

(1)

58 b.
scolu, sbf.str. a school. 816*. ace.
dat. -le. 885*. 874*.
Scot-land, sb.n.str. NL. Scotland.
933*Scottas, Sceottas, sb.pl.m.str. Scots.
(1) the Irish, Ireland. J>rie Scottas,
three Irishmen. 891A. dat. -turn.
ib. (2) the Scotch. Scottas. 946*.

gen.pl. Scotta.

A.

924A. Sceotta. 937

58 m.

p.

scalan,

st-wlc.v.

(1).

sb.m.wk.

Shire-reeve,
Sheriff. (Scyr-reue). 963E. p. 681.
fScittisc, adj. Scottish. 937A. p.

scir-gerefa,

antecedent to the relative particle


)>a a])as
J>e, those oaths
which. 876*. sefte, he who, who.
se J>e, he
who.
984A. he
827*. ]?a pe, those who. 975A. p.
72 1. }>ara J>e, of those who. 91 8A.
ad Jin. eallum J>am Je, all those
who. 874*. wij) Sa, against them.
885*. Neut. (in various phrases) ;
referring to a preceding plural.
Jset waeron J)a serestan scipu, those
were &c. 787*. ge ascade
j^aat
Jiaet, learned the fact that. 911 A.

fte.

am

to,

ought, shall,

gen.

})33S

85 5 A.
time.

gefaegene, glad thereof.

from that point of

jjses,

871*

&

passim.

J>ses

J>e,

from the J;ime when. 874*. & fa.


on Eastron, the following
Jjses
Easter. 878*.

ftses ojjre

geare, the

p.sg. sceolde. 894A. p.


994E. scolde. 852E. p.pl.

next year. 914C. }>aes )>e us secgaS


bee, as far as books tell us. 937 A.

sceoldon. 887A. scoldan. E. scolden. 894A. p. 36 b. sceoldan. 992E.

ad fin. 973A. dat. to Jmn gecirdon }?aet, came to the resolution

(1) dem.pron.
[se,] seo, fleet,
that he, she, it. (2) rel.pron. (of
the 3rd pers.) who, which. (3) defi
It is not possible to
art. the.
draw an exact line between senses

that. 867*. to J)aem . .


such an extent that.

should,

39 1.

se,

(i)&(2),or(i)&(3). Theprevailing sense is (3), which occurs


sing.nom.m. se gerefa. 787*. f.
sxo. 867A. seo E. so
879*. n.
:

acc.m.
}>one. 867*. fane. 937A. p. 61 b.
/. 8a, J>a. 885*. n. >a?t. 885A.
|>et. E.
gen.m. ]>ses. 787A. $es. E.
A. dat.
/. \>S.ve. 876*. ])are. 896
m. & n. J)am. 875*. 887E. ]>xm A.
inst.n. \y. 871 A.
/. >sere. 885*.
gen.pl.
pi. 823E.
pi. }>a. 787*.
dat.pl. >sem. 887*.
}>ara. 871*.
The deJ>am. E. J?an. 1001A.
monstrative force appears in the
on }>a healfe
following instances
muntes, on that (i. e. the far) side
of the mountain. 887*. ]>set lond.
jjaat

maeste

wael.

851*.

J>aene monaS
890*. nemna'S
. Iulius
monoS, they call that
month July. 975A. p. 72 1. on
J)am twain stedum, in those two
positions. 887*. \y geare, that
.

With proper names;


year. 879*.
se Ecgbryht, this, or, the aforesaid E. 836*. Frequently as dem.

42 m.

sefter

j^set,

to

89 7 A.

p.

]>xm.

(instr.)

Jon,

(dat.) thereafter, after that.

963

A. 895A. mid J>ahn )wet, owing to


the fact that. 897A. p. 42 1. butan
besides the fact that. 871*.
ma, more by that, the
more. 937A. p. 61 1. \y
\>y,
for that reason
namely because. 835*. cf. for-]?em, for-)?y,
The relative force apsiftSan.
in
the
following instances:
pears

Jam

inst.

J)e,

]>y

se dael se, the part which. 878 A.


Oswald se sefter him rtcsode, Oswald who, &c. 827*. all
J?aet
that was. 8^6*. j?aet,
.
. was, all
referring to a feminine antecedent.
917A. so: J>et 963E. p. 69I1. ace.
.

m.

]?onne.

973A.

gen.

}>3es.

937 A.

61 h. In the following cases it


might be either pers. or rel.pron.
prob. the latter, sio, seo, she or
who. 888*. se, he or who. 789E.
890*. ])3es, his, or whose, ib. J>ara,
of them, or of whom. 897 A. p. 42 1.
p.

Seal-wudu (1), -wydu (2), sb.m.str.


NL. Selwood Forest, dat. -da.
878A (2). 894A. p. 39m (r).
Seaxe,

sb.pl.m.str.

(1),

the Saxons

as opposed to the Angles. 93 7 A.

GLOSSARY.
ad fin.
nent

Saxons of theContiEald-Seaxe). nom.vck. pa

(2) the

(cf.

Seaxan.885A. tforf.Seaxum. 891A.


s6can, wk.v. to seek. 894A. ad init.
937 A. p. 6ira. p.8g. sohte. 894 A.
p. 36 1.
p.pl. sohton. 867*. 921 A.
55 1. -tan. 922A.
fsecg, sb.m.str. a man, warrior.
937A. p. 58I. pl.nom. -gas. ib.
v. dennian.
gen. -ga. B. C. D.
p.

secgan, tok.v. to say. 851 A. (seggan)


995F. ad init. <pres.pl. -ga'S. 937
A. ad fin.
p-sg. saede. 901 A.
(saeide).

894A.

p.

segelian,

963E.
39 h.

69b.

p.

wJc.v.

to

sail.

seglode. E.

877A.

selra, [sella] ; selest.


adj.compar.
& super, better, best, most excellent. sup.gen.pl. selestena. 897A.
p. 42 1. selestra. B. C.
sendan, wk.v. to send. p.sg. sende.

889*.

885*.
(saente). 959a.

E.

ib.

(ssende).

seofon, seofen, num. seven, undecl.acc. 905A. dat. 891 A. nom.


decl. seofene. 937 A. p. 60 m.

seofopa -pe

(1),

seofa'Sa

-tJe

(2),

num.adj. seventh.
827A(i). E(2). 946A(i). dat.f.
seofetSa

-*an.

(3),

878A

Seoles-ig.

(1).

(3).

NL.

sb.f.str.

'

Seal's

Island,' Selsey, Sussex. 980C.


seolfer, sb.n.str. silver. 995F.
82 m. dat. -fre. 1001A.

p.

seon, st.v. to see. p.p. (seogen).


789E.
set, sb.n.str. a 'seat,' entrenchment.
dat.pl. setum, camp. 894 A. p. 36 b.
setl, sb.n.str. a 'settle,' a seat, sitting,
(of the sun) setting eccl. a see. dat.
setle. 797*. 922 A. 937 A. p. 58b.
;

settan, wk.v. to
pres.sg. (sset).
sette. ib.
ib.

set

ad

ad

set, to place,

963E.

fin.

appoint,

p. 681.

p-sg.

(saette). (ssetta).

hy mid

sette

init.

them,

planted

them

.,

with.

sb.f.str.

peace,

926D.
sib-sum-ness,

sige,

sb.m.str.

800*.

sieg, victory.

845*. &fq.

Sigen,

sb.f.str.

NL.

the river Seine.

gen.dat. -ne. 887*. 886*.

897A. ad

init.

gen.pl -ra.

fsigor, sb.m.str. victory,

975A.P. 72m.

973^.

simle, adv. always, constantly. 894


A. p. 36 b. 959E.
sino"5 (1), senop (2), synotJ (3),
sb.m.str. synod, council.
(2).

sittan,

st.v.

to

796F

(3).

(1).
sit,

take up one's

position, settle, remain.

895 A.

p.sg.

865*. 869*. 874E. p.pl. sseton.


875*. saitun. 855A. with ace. of
related action. 92 2 A.
saet.

SI'S, sy"8,

sb.m.str.

a journey, expedi-

1001A.

tion, time, turn. siS. 893*.

E. dat. opre sipe


opre sTpe,
on one occasion ... on another.
.

sy'S.

894 A.
ad fin.

p.

dat. sySe.

36b.

959 E.

(journey.)
siSSan, adv. [for siS San, or Son,
afterthat.] afterwards, after. 876E.

894A. sySSan. 993A. 963E. ad


975D. syppam. 926D.
si'S'San, conj. since, after that. 937 A.
p. 58 1. ib. ad fin.
syftSon. 963E.
p. 69 1.
init.

si'S'San,

since.

prep.acc.

sySfton.

963E. p. 69 m. (a very late use.)


sixta (E), siexta (A), num.adj.
sixth. 827*.

six, syx, sex, num. six. syx.


sex. 897A. p. 42L 852E.

901A.

sixtig, num. sixty, (sixtiga). 85 2E.


sb.n.str.
cattle
for
slsege-neat,
slaughter,
(slaeg-nset). 852E.
slean, st.v. to slay, to strike, p.sg.
slog. 91 8 A.
p.pl. slogon. 823*.
smeagan, wk.v. to meditate on,
consider. 95 9E.

fsmeagung,

sb.fstr.

pi. -ga.

thought, con-

979E.

snoter, adj. prudent, wise, compar.


-re. 995 F. ad init.

peacefulness,

Snotinga-ham (1), Snoting- (2),


NL.
Snotenga- (3), sb.m.str.
Nottingham. 868A (3). E (1 & 2).

sb.f.str.

dat. -se.

p.sg.

dat. -be. 959E.

860A.
fside, adv. widely, far. wide ~) side,
far and wide. 959E.
cf. 975E.
peace,

fsigan, st.v. to fall, to sink.


sah. 937 A. p. 58b.

trivance,

964A.
sibb,

sie, v. beon.

822A

sigelian,

p.8g. sigelede.

ic saede.

125

922A.

942A

(1).

GLOSSARY.

126
soon, v. saca.
sona, adv. soon. 797*-

as soon as. 885*.


sb.f.str. sorrow. 995F. p. 82 h.
sdfi,
adj. sooth, true.
sup. )>at
so'Suste, the truest account. 995F,

sorh,

ad

sb.m.wh.

steorra,

sona swa,

spilling, sb.f.str. destruction, waste

999E.
sprecan,

891A.

fstitS-ferhp, adj. firm of mind.


-J>e.

stol,

975A.

p.
sb.1m.str.

72b.
a stole.

pi.

963E.

p.

-Walas

(2),

69I1.

Strsecled-Wealas

init.

fso'S-bora, sb.m.str. a sooth-bearer,


sooth-sayer, astrologer, pi. -ran
975 A. ad fin. v. woft-bora.

star.

995E.

(1),

Str83tled-"Wealas

The

str.

sb.rn.pl.

(3),

Strathclyde

Welsh,

924A (1). 875A (2).


E(3). gen. -la,. 92^(1). (^924,
F. makes Streacled the name of

Strathclyde.

st.v.
gprecfym, to speak
797*. p.pl. we spraeoon. 893*. p.p
(sprecon) 963E. p. 69I1.
sprytan, st.v. to sprout, to grow
supine, -tanne. 995F. ad init.

a man, king of the Welsh.)


Strang, adj. strong, 975E.
Stu.re-mu.pa, sb.m.wk. the mouth of
the river Stour, Essex. 885E.

Stsefford, sb.m.str. Stafforda-burh

styrung,

sb.f.str.

NL.

steel-here,

Stafford. 913C. D.
a predatory
sb.m.str.

army, a marauding band, dat.sg


-herge. 92 1 A. p. 53 m.
dat.pl
-hergum. 897A. p. 42 m.
stsel-wyrtSe, adj.
able.

'

stalwart,' service

896A.

staetJ, sb.n.str.

shore,

dat.

-fte.

794E

(Stufe-).

A.
disturbance, com-

sb.f.str.

motion,

pi. -ga. 97 5E.

Sud-burh,

NL. Sudbury,

sb.f.str.

Suffolk,

dat. (-beri). 798F.


sum, pron.sb.adj. one, some, some
one. (i) as subst. heretogena sum,
one of the leaders. 794-^- J"ara

sum. 897A. p. 42 1. with numbers,


]>ritiga sum, one of thirty, avros

897A. p. 42 h. on
K94 A. p. 39 1. dat.pl
staSum. 91 5D.
Stan, sb.m.str. NL. Staines, Middlesex. 993A.
standan, st.v. to stand.
pres.sg.
stent ... of, stands out from it.
89 2 A.
subj. stande. 963E. p.

rpianoGTOs. 878A. (prittigum. E.


is an error.)
So in pi. feower -j
Sritiga sume, thirty-four in all

69 b. p.pl. stodon. 897A. p. 42 1.


stan-weall, sb.m.str. a stone-wall.
dat. -le. 92 1 A. p. 54b.
firmament.
fsta'Sol, sb.m.str. the

sum

dat. -le. 975A. p. 72I.


steall (1), stall (2), sb.m.str. stall,
stead, place.
797E (1). 796E (2).

867*. heora scipu sume. 794F


hira scipu sumu. 895A.
dat. ast

sGS-stseSe.

cf.

Ssefernesta})e.

Stan-ford

(1),

Stean-

(2),

sb.m.

NL. Stamford, Lincolnshire.


922A (2). 942A. 963E. p. 68 b (1).
Steapan - Reolic sb.m.str. NL.
str.

Steep-Holme, 915D.
stede, sb.m.str. a place, a
dat.pl. -dum. 887*.

'

stead.'

stefn, sb.m.str. the prow of a ship.


dat. -ne. 937 A. p. 60 1.
stemn, sb.m.str. summons, term of

military service. 894A. p. 38 1.


sb.f.str. term of service.

p.

38m

B.C.

his fultum, mid sumum his


-me. part of his force. 913A. cf.
875*. inst. sume da?ge, one day
896A. pi. hie sume, some of them

sumum

twain cirron, on two certain occasions. 91 8A. With nume-

some, about, sum hund


100 ships. 894A. p
about
scipa,
38 h. sume feower
J>egnas. 896A

rals

. . .

sumer

jt

stemning,

916C. pi. sume. 794E. sume


others. 897A. p
sume, some
sum
42 m. (ii) as adj. hit
the rest. 877*
sum, part of it
cf. 897A. ad init.
nom. & dat

(1),

sumor

(2),

sb.m.str

summer. 913C (2). gen. -eres


92 1 A. p. 54 1. 1000E. dat. -ere
885A. 898A. -era. 885E. 875*
896A.
sumer-lida (E), sumor- (A), sb.
m.wlc. a summer army (i.e. one
which does not winter in the
country; Sweet). 871*.

GLOSSARY.
Sumer-seete

(1),

Sumor-

Su-

(2),

mur-

(3), fib.pl.in. the people of


Somerset, Somersetshire. 878* (2).
gen.pl. Sumur ssetna. ib. A. Sutner
sxtena. E. dat. -turn. 845A (3).

-seeton.

(2).

Sumor-ssetisc, adj. of or belonging


to Somerset.
gen. -ces. 1001
E.

Sunnan-daeg,

sb.m.str.

Sunday. 963

(Sunnon-). E. anea -dages, on a


sb.f.wk. the sun. 879*.

dat.

-nan. 806 F.

Sunne, sb.f.wk. NL. the


Somme. 884*.
sunu, sb.m.str. a son. 823*.

river

& pas-

ace. (sune). 85 5E. dat. suna.


836A. pi. suna. 855A. sunu. E.

sim,

sup, adv. south, southwards. 851*.


894A. p. 38 h.

supan, adv. from the south. 91 8 A.


910E. be suSan (with dat.), to
the south of. 827*. without any
case. 91 1 A.
SutS-ham-tun, sb.m.str. NL. Southampton. 980C. v. Ham-tun.
sup-healf, sb.f.str. south side. dat.
-fe. 92 2 A. 997E.
Sup-rige, sb.pl.m.str. the people of
Surrey. Surrey. 851*. 823A (Su8rig). E. gen. -gea. 836A. 855A.
dat. (-gan), (-gean). ib. E. -gium.

^53A. -gumE. 921A.

p. 54I1.

sutS-rima, sb.m.wJc. the south coast.


dat. -man. 897 A.

ad Jin.

S97A. p. 42 h.
su'S-stae'S, sb.n.str.
-fte.

swa, adv.

swa

the south coast.


89 7 A. p. 42 h.

so, as.

797*. 878A. 942A.


. as.
swa, as
877*. swa
.

swa, so as, just as. 963E. p. 69 1.


92 1 A. ad fin. swa swa, so that.

895A. swa

ad

Jaet,

so

that.

init. v. eac, eal-swa.

swa.

894A.

swa hwa

NL. Swanage,

sb.m.str. sweat, blood,


dat.
secga swate. 937 B.C.D. p. 58 n.
v. dennian.

fsw&t,

fsweart, adj. swart, black,


m.wJc. -tan. 937A. p. 61 1.
p.sg. -cte.

ace.

to oppress, to afflict.

swencan, wJc.v.

999E.

fsweord, sb.n.str. sword, gen. -des.


937 A. ad Jin. gen.pl. -da. ib. ad
-dum.

dat.pl.

sweostor

ib. p.

swustor

(1),

60 m.

(2),

swy-

star (3), sb.f.str. sister. 888


(1).
E(2). 9 22A( 3 ).
swerian, st.v. to swear, p.sg. swor.
874*. p.pl. sworon. 876*. 877*.
swift,

swift, adj.

comp.pl. -tran.

897A. p. 42 m.
swile (1), swyle (2), pron.adj.
such. 995F. p. 82 h. (2).
acc.fem.
81 1. (1).

-ce. ib. p.

swilce
as,

swylce

(1),

(2),

moreover. 937 A. p.

942A

adv. just

60m

(1).

(2);

fswi'o", swy"8, adj. strong,

mighty.
compar.pl. swySran. 959E. ad fin.
switSe (1), swytJe (2), adv. very,
exceedingly. 883E (2). to swifte,
too much. 959E. 975A. p. 72 1.

compar. swlpor. 897 ad init. sup.


swipost. ib. p. 42 1. swipust. ib. m.
swiftost. 959E. swy'Sost. 979 C.
sylf, self, pron.adj.

same, he

self,

959E.

sylf.

the self

wJc. se sylfa

dat.sg. him selfum.


him sylfum E. dat.

992F.

855*- 874A.
wJc. (selue).

963E.
69 1.

p.

68

b. (sylfe

pl.masc. hie
selfe. 885 A. hi sylfe E. (sylf).
1001E. dat.pl. him selfum. 867A.
heom sylfum E.
silue).

ib.

p.

syllan, wk.v. to give, to give up.


p.sg. salde. 874A. sealde E. so
:

878*. p.pl. sealdon. 874*. saldon.


8 77 A. v. hand.
synder-lice, adv. sotttlfrltdj, specially.

92 1 A. ad Jin.

syndon,

pron. whosoever.
963E.
be swa hwaperre efes swa,

69 h.
on whichever side. 894A. ad init.
swa hwelce [hwilce. E.] dsege swa,
on whatever day, 874*.

sb.n.str.

Dorset. 877*.

yElfric.

Siip-seaxe, sb pl.rn.str. the South


Saxons, Sussex. 823*. gen. -xna.
82 7*. Supseaxna-rice, the kingdom
of Sussex. 836E. 855A. dat. -xum.

dat.

Swana-wic,

init.

Sunday. 829F.

sunne,

127

v.

beon.

T.
sb.n. token, sign, portent. r6de
tacn, the sign of the Cross. 806F.

tacn,

GLOSSARY.

128
dat. -ne, 963E. p. 69 b.

dat.pl.

tacnum. 793E.

tacnung,

indication, in995 F. p. 80 1.

sb.f.str.

struction,

pi.

-get.

Taddenes-scylfe,

NL.

sb.f.wk.

Tanshelf, near Pontefract,


Riding, Yorkshire. 947 D.
?

West

CD

NL. Tamworth,
sb.f.str.

NL.

Teignton,

Temes (1), Tsemes (2),

NL.

sb.f.str.
ace. -se. 823* (1).

the Thames,

(1).

871*

gen. -semuba,

(1).

of the Thames. 851*.

892E

(2).

Teemese-, sb.m.str:
Tempsford, Beds. (Thorpe).

Temese-ford,

NL.

865*.

st.v. ^teftttX,

to draw, to pull.

p.pl. tugon. 893*.


teona, sb.m.wk. insult, injury,
sb.m.str.

hall, Staffordshire.

NL. Tetten-

910E.

num.adj. tenth,

955A.

acc.m. -"San

neut.
dsel,

-]>e.

a tenth

part, a tithe. 855*.


tid, tyd, sb.f.str. tide, time, hour.
916 C. (of an eccl. festival.) ace.

one

hour. 879*.
dat. tyde. 999E.
tidung, sb.f.str. event, tidings, gen.
-ge. 995 F. p. 82 m.
tilian, wh.v. (with gen.) to till.

ane

tid,

gen. tide.

(for)

bsem bisceoprice to Wintan963 A. of time, at. 921 A.


ad init. of the office or function
to which a person is chosen, &c.
or

of.

to

mundboran, as protector. 823*.

com
help.

to helpe, to fultume,

921A.

came

to

conducing to,
forewearde, on that

p. 54I.

855*. to i>
condition. 85 2E.
as sign of the
supine ; to haldanne, to hold. 874*.
adverbial, to geboren. 88 7 A. t6

for,

gehalgode.

ib.*

born,

hallowed

thereto.

fto-breedan,

959E. 97 5 A.

wlc.v. to

spread abroad.

979E.
to-brecan, st.v. to break to pieces,
pres.sg. (-coS). 963. E. p.

violate,

ace.

-nun. 921A. p. 54I.

teoUa,

p.sg. ty-

p.p. to-brsed.

Teoten-heall,

69b.

to, adv. too. 95 8D.

92iA.p. 53I.
Tenet, NL. Thanet. 853*.
so
Tenet-land. 969E.
teon,

p.
init.

ceastre.

tela, adv. well, right, very. 94 2 A.


tellan, wlc.v. to tell. p.pl. tealdan.
995 F. ad init. we tealdan. ib. p.
82 m. sup. to tellende. ib. 1.

mouth

ad

ib.

motion to. 787*. & passim, with


verb of motion understood
him
mon to ne meahte, they could not
(get) at them. 877*. of place, at

Tegn-tiin, sb.m.str.
Devon. 1001A.

893A

962E.

Sode.

vouching to war-

the

ic tySe.

e.g. 92 2A. frequently appended


to hser. q.v.) fon to, vide fon.

sb.m.str.

dat.

72h.
tilian, tyflian, wlc.v. to grant, pres.

NL. Thame, Oxon.

ranty, and so right of jurisdiction


in matters of warranty. 963E. p.
681.

&fq.

Tynemouth. 792E.
937A. ad init.
ftir-faest, adj. glorious. 975A. p.
ftir, sb.m.str. glory.

to, prep.dat. to. (frequently placed


after and separated from its case,

971B.

team,

sb.f.wk. the river Tyne. dat.


gen. set TTnan mube,

Tinan. 875*.

Staffordshire.

922A.

Tamu,

Tme,
at

Tsefing-stoc (1), Tefing- (2), sb.m.


NL. Tavistock, Devon. 997
st.
(i> E (2).
Tamer-mutta, sb.m.wk. NL. mouth
of the Tamar, Devon. 997E.
Tame-worpig, Tame-wurp, sS.? m.
str.

tima, sb.m.wk. time. 870E. acc.dat.


-man. 97 iB. 975E. ad fin.
timbran, wlc.v. to build. 897A. p.
42 m. p.pl. -bredon. ib.

809F.

pres.part.pl. til(i)gende. 876*.

69!).

pres.pl.

(-braecon). ib.

m.

p.pl.
p.sg. to brsec. 975A. p. 72 1.
to brsecon. 894. p. 38 1. p.p. tobrocen. 921A. p. 55 h. (-con).

993E. pi. -cene. 794E.


to-cnawlice, adv. expressly, (-lece).
963E. p. 69 b.
to-cwe'San, st.v. to forbid,
p.pl.
to-cwaidon. 926D.
to-cyme, sb.m.str. arrival. 903F.
to-cyrran, wlc.v. to part, separate
(intrans.). p.pl. tocyrdon. 926D.
to-deeg, adv. to-day. (to-dsei). 963E.
p. 68 h.
to-dselan,

wlc.v. to

divide (trans.

&

GLOSSA R V.
intram.). p.sg. -lde. 885*. p.p.
-led. 887*.
t6-dr8efan, wh.v. to scatter, disperse (trans.), p.pl. -fdon. 975D.
p.p. -fed. ib. A. p. 72 m.
t6-faran, st.v. to separate, disperse
(intram.). p.sg. tofor. 897A. ad

tunne,

tuwwa

tua (2), adv. twice.


36b (1). 885A (2).
twegen, tuegen, masc. twa. fern.
twa, tu. neut. num. twain, two.
masc. tuegen. 822A. 889A. (twaegen.m.
gen) twegen. E. 918A.
twegra. 984A. dat.m. & . twsem,
twam. E. 91 8A.
txx&m. 87 1 A.
887*. fern. twa. 894A. p. 39 1.
85 2E. neut. tu. 882 A. twa. E.
so
on tu, twa, in two.
887*.
885*. Adverbial, tu swa lang,
twice as long. 897 A. p. 42.
twelf, num. twelve. 894A. ad init.
894A.

oil-

1001E. t.
gan. 993. = pugnam committere,
to engage, (togedere). 999E. (to
geSere). 993F.
to-geanes (1), t6-genes (2), prep.
dot. against, towards. 91 iA (2).
its case. 835E. 993A (1).

(twself). 852E.
twelfta (E), tuelfta (A), num.adj.

v. ]>xr.

st.v.

to

glide

twelfth, ofer-tan niht, after twelfth

away,

vanish,

p.sg. toglad. 979C.


tohweorfan, st.v. to go apart,

night. 878*.

twentig, num. twenty. 973 A.


Tweoxneam (set), NL. ' between
the rivers,' Christ Church, Hants.
90 1 A. v. ea.
tyn, teon, ten, num. ten, tyn hund.
973 A. teon. 941 D. ten mittan.

p.pl. tohwurfon. 827*.


sb.m.str.
toll, the right of

separate,
toll,

taking tolls. 963E. p. 68 m. & 1.


to-niman, st.v. to divide, p.p. tonumen. 894. p. 36 1.
to-somne, adv. together, t. cuman,

= pugnam

fto-stencan,
perse,

Dp.

to scatter, dis-

tcJc.v.

to

wJc.v.

pa, adv.dem. & rel. (1) temporal;


then when, then. 871*. & passim.
.
))a he da
]>&, when he then .

975D.

separate,

p.sg. -mde. 95 8D.


st.v. to subvert,

divorce,

852E.

committere. 1001E.

p.pl. (tostaencton).

to-twseman,

to-weorpan,

inf. (towurpon). 975E.


sb.n.str. a circle, orb. 806F.

Treonte,
Trent,

sb.f.wJc.

NL.

ace. -tan.

treo w, triiw, sb.f. str.

the River

1)

agreement,

pledge, pi. treowa. 894A. ad init.


ace. truwe.
(2) confidence, trust,

992F.
treowsian,

trywsian,

wJc.v.

to

plight faith, p.pl. wi5 try wsodon,


they plighted their faith to him.

972E.
tun, sb.m.str. 'town,' a

vill, village.

dat.sg. tune. 787*.

tunge, sb.f.wh. tongue, ace. -gan.


797E. -gon. A.
ftungol, sb.n.str. a luminary, star.
93/A. p. 58I.

kpassim. )>ar. 871E. (2) where.


\>xr \>{er, there
963E. p. 67 1.
where, wherever. 911 A. Ssr j>er.
789E. with prepp., &c, appended.
894A. ad init. Sser aefter. 959a.
binnan. 894A. \x ... of,
)>aer
"Sar
therefrom. 892 A. p. 38 1.
innan. 995F. p. 80b Sser on, 882A.
Yxr ongean. 999E. J>aert6. 787*.
&fq. ]>aer togeanes. 1001A. "Sser
ymbiitan. 905 A.
pest, conj. that, so that. 853A. 867*.
894A. p. 4oh. & fq. v. se.
dat.
pafung, sb.f.str. permission,
-ge. 887E.

924A.
(

then. 905 A. when. 894A. p. 38 h.


&fq. (2) local; there, 787E.
peer, adv.dem. & rel. (1) there. 845*.

de-

molish,

trendel,

(1),

p.

put after
t6-glfdan,

Lincolnshire.

873*.

(-ren).
t.

Torksey,

sb.f.str.

fon.

t.

a tun, butt. pi. -nan.

Turces-ig (E), Tureces-feg (A),

init.

man. 992E.

sb.f.wJc.

85 2 E.

Tofe-ceaster, sb.f.str. NL. Towcester, Northants. 921A. p. 53I1.


t6-foran, prep.dat. before,
963E. p. 68 h.
to-geedere, adv. together,

129

pane

(1),

pone

(2), sb.m.str. grace,

GLOSSAR Y.

130

mercy, thanks, gen. Godes ponces,


through the mercy of God. 897A.
adinit. so. 883E (1). but: Gode
pane, thanks (be) to God, 995F.
p. 82 h.
pancian, wk.v. to thank (with dat.).

995 F. ad Jin.

p.sg. -code.

panon

(1),

ponon

&

adv.dem.

(2),

ponan

(3),

8A

rel. (i) thence. 91


init. (3). ib. p. 53I

921A. ad

(2).

994E

(i).

(1).

(ii)

whence.

891A

>).
(when

go-

verned by a preposition, the prep.


always follows, e.g. pe hfonforon,
on which they went. 891 A.) 787*.

& passim,

pe

his

= whose.

885*.

v. se,

peah.
pe, adv. than,

lass

pe xxx. wintra.

901A.
pe, indecl.art.de/. the. 963E. ad init.
(this only occurs in the late parts
of the Chronicle.)
peah (1), pen. (2), cow/, though, however, nevertheless. 867*. 885* (1).

894A. ad init.
fie, though

peah
pearf,
dat.

sb.f.str.

(2).

905A

that.

1001A.

(2).

need, behoof. 959E.

8 74 A.

(paerfe). E.
fpearle, adv. vehemently, cruelly.
937A. p. 60 1.
fpeaw, sb.m.str. habit, custom.
-fe.

acc.pl. -was.

959E.
tSegen, pegn, pen, sb.m.str. lit. a
servant
but as service to the
crown came to be regarded as
;

ennobling, thane' became the title


of a new official nobility which
ultimately supplanted the old no'

bility of blood,

adinit.

c.

cynges pegn. 897A.


Segen. 905 A. (Ssegn).

we have
(peng). 905D.
also: bisceopes Segn. 1001A. dat.
pegne. 874*. pi. pegnaa. 871 A.
(paegnas). E. gen.pl. pena. 897 A.
988E.

ad

init.

pel-wsel, sb.lm.str. NL. Thelwall,


Cheshire. 923A.
"Sencan, wk.v. to think. 995F. p. 82 1.
p.pl. pohton. 92 1 A. p. 53 h,

1.

people, nation. 823*.


acc.gen.dat. -de. 959E. 867*. 794*.
pi. -da. 975E. dat.pl. -dum. 937A.

peod,

p.

sb.f.str.

60 1.

dat. -da. 870*.

folk,

^peod-land, sb.n.str. land, empire.


pl.acc. 959E.
pe"od-scipe, -scype, sb.m.str. people,
population. 92 2 A.
fSeow, sb.m.str. a servant, pi. -was.
975D. gen.pl. -wa. 975 A. p. 72 m.

"Seow-dom,

sb.m.str. service. 995F.


(peudom). 963E. p. 68h.
p^owian, wk.v. to serve (with dat.).
(pewian). 963E. p. 67I.
(peuwian). ib. 69 1.
"Sis,
ftes, "oeos,
dem.pron. this.
nom.m. Des. 995F. ad init. nom.f.
peos. 979E. n. pis. 918A. 963E.
p. 69 m. ace. m. pisne. 85 1 A. gen.f.
pissere. 995F. p. 82 m.
dat.f.
p.

pe, pron.rel.indecl.

pe,

fpeoden, sb.m.str. prince, king.


942A. 973A.
peod-ford, sb.m.str. Thetford, Nor-

81 b.

pisse. 885A. dat.n. Sysum. 897A.


ad init. pisum. 994E. Sissum.

993E. beforan pissum, ere this.


937A. ad Jin. instr.n. pys. 906A.
pis. 937A. p. 61 b. pl.n. ftas. 963E.
p. 681.

pider, adv. thither, "cyder. 855F.


pider-weardes, adv. thitherwards.

894A. p. 38 1.
pin, pyn, pron.adj. thine, thy. 963E.
p. 69I1. 995F. p. 82 h. dat. pynum.
ib.

pinon.

m.

ib.

pinan.

ib. b.

ping, sb.n.str. thing. 1001E. pi.


963E. p. 69 h. dat.pl. -gum. 995F.
p. 80 b.

pingian, wk.v. to come to terms,


to covenant, p.sg. -gode. 1001a.
sb.m.str.

poden,
wind.

pi. -nas.

whirlwind,

high

793D.

ponne, adv.dem. & rel. then. 894A.


ad init. 998E. ponne
ponne,
.

when
ponnej

then. 979C.
adv. than. 894A. p.
.

994E.
porpe, sb.m.str. a thorp, a
pi. (-pes). 963E. p. 68 h.
'j'prag, sb.f.str.

36 b.

village.

a course, period, ace.

942 B. C. D. acc.pl. -ga. A.


*fSreat, sb.m. sir a throng, multitude.
sg. -ge.

973^.
pridda, num.adj. third, se pridda.
827A. pridde. E. neut. -de. 931A.
89 2 E.
-dan.

ace.

891A.

-dan. 85 5F.
v. feeder.

dat.f.

GLOSSARY.
prittig, pritig,

num.

-geg.

893A.

dat.

-gum. E.

thirty,

ofor (2), adr.compar.


(1),
higher up, further up. 881* (1).

ufor

gen.sg.

878A.
(wrongly), nom.

gen.pl.

-ga.

882E

martyr,

gen. -res. 91 6C.


wk.v. to suffer.

Crist on

which

^>.^.

adj. not to be
indescribable,
acc.fsg.
neut.pl. -ce. 99 7E. 994E.
un-befohten, adj. unattacked, unopposed, pi. -ne. 91 1 A.

963E.

957Dunder, prep.dat.
under the shelter

69 m.
prte.

& n.num. three.

891A.

under-fon, st.v. to receive, p.sg.


-feng. 995F. p. 82I. p.pl. -fengon.
867*. p.p. (-fange). 995F. ad

87.5E.

pry.

nom.n. preo. 897A. p. 42 1.


preo, 916C. gen. preora. ib.

acc.f.

dat.

init.

under-peodan,

J;rim. ib.

pu, pers.pron. thou. 995F. p. 82 b.


purh, prep.acc. through. 963E.

make

t$urh-feran, wk.v. to pass through,


traverse,

p.sg. -rde.

876F.

'uneath,'sp.

to abide con-

tinuously, continue,

p.pi. -nedan.

995F.p.82t.
fpurfan, st.wk.v.
have occasion,
61

1.

937A.

p.sg.

-^est.

un-gearo,
pared,

adj. not belonging by


race or kind, not having natural

un-gecynde,

827E.

ace. -dne. 867*.

right,

un-gemet
adj.

(1), un-gemet-lic (2),


immense. 867 A (2). E (1).

*t*un-lagu,

law.

sb.f.str.

un-lytel, adj.
92 1 A. p. 53m.

'un-law,'

autumn. 923
A. on ufan midne winter, after

in the later part) of

Christmas. 91 5C.

'

unlittle,'

part

of

the

estuary.

42I. of time, later, on


-dne haerfest, at the latter end of
autumn, late in a. 914C.

much.
dat.

sb.n.str. what cannot be


numbered, a countless host. 937
A. p. 60 m.
un-riht (1), -ryht (2), sb.n.str. 'undat.
tight,' wrong, oppression,

fun-rim,

-te. 823A
(2). E
975D (1).

ufe-weard, adj. upper, higher up.


set -dum pasni muftan, in the
upper
p.

evil

975D.

gen.pl. -ga.

sb.f.wk. license, grant,


-nan. 971B.

ufan, adv. from above, on ufan haerfest. lit. on the upper side.
e.
(i.

fleet.

unready, unpreadj.
pi. -rwe. 92 1 A. p. 53m.

unne,

inner

gg^F.adinit.

1000E (wrongly fern.).

TJ.

or

reduce,

905A. 994E.

py, conj. because (really instr. of se.


= for-py). 787*.
q.v.
pyncan, pincan wh.v. impers.
&iinkttt, to seem,
pres.sg. me
(pinS), me thinks. 995F. p. 82 m.
p.sg. Suhte.
897A. p. 42 1.

897A.

to

-dde. 85 2E.

unfriS-flota, sb.m.wk. hostile

pus, adv. thus. 827*. 891A.


"Susend, sb.n.str. a thousand. 973A.
pi. pusend, 994E.
gen.pl. -da.
871*. 911A.
pwser-ness, sb.f.str. concord, peace.
ace. (-sa).

wTc.v.

un-for-[brosno]d,jp.^.uncorrupted.
prob. reading in 798F.
un-fri8, sb.m.str. breach of peace,
war. 1001A.
dat.
-iSe.
strife,

fctirfm, to need, to

p.sg. porfte.
p.pi. porftun. ib.

subject,

p.p. -peoded. 92 2 A. -peod. 9T8D.


pi. -peodde. 959E.
un-ea^Se, adj. difficult, disagreeable,

p.

69L 998E. 1001A.


purh-wunian, wk.v.

Northants.

under, (2)
865 A. 876*.
901 A.

(1)
of.

(3) in subjection to.

pry, prfe, m. preo,/.

nom.m.

NL. Oundle,

TJndela,

pe

[-ode. E], on
Christ suffered. 885*.
so

prowude

p.

&

told,

pet Crist wses on prowod.

p.p.

(2).

un-asecgend-lic,

852E.
"Srittigepa, num.adj. thirtieth, dat.
-pan. 973C.
"Srowere, sb.m.str. a sufferer, a
(prittiga).

prowian,

131

(1).

gen.pl. -ta.

adj. tmschttftlig, innocent, guiltless. 916C.


un-sibb, sb.f.str.
un-peace,' condat. -be. 887*.
tention, strife,

un-scyldig,

K 2

GLOSSARY.

132
sb.m.str.

fun-sidu,
custom,

evil

uttSttte,

pi. -da. 979E.


sb.m.str. dislike,

un-panc,

f-ut-lsendisc,

'outlandish,'
adj.
pi. -ce, foreigners. 959E.

foreign,

gen.abs.
[his] unjjances, against his will.

fuU-wita, sb.m.wk. a sage.


-tan. 937 A. ad fin.

pi.

90 1 1).
(A),
867*.

sb.f.str.

(-sse,

fwac,

wrongly. E.)
'

un-wealt,

un-walty,' steady,
compar.pl. -tran. 897A.
adj.

stable,

42 m.

p.

fun-weaxen, p.part. un-grown, immature. 975A.


un-wis, adj. unwise,

dat.

foolish,

-sum. 874*.

un-y$elice,

un-iepelice

(1),

(2),

un-eftelice (3), adv.

inconveni-

ently, with difficulty.

878A

up

(2).

897. p. 42 b (3).

(1).

upp

(1),

adv.

(2),

&

896A.
sb.f.wlc.

an upper chamber.

dat. -ran. 97 8E.

A.

p.

42 b. 975A.

p. 72].

uppon, prep.dat. upon. 978E.


fire,

us,
adv.

see

utan

out.

e.g.

sb.m.str. slaughter.

ut

of,

faran.

uton

839A (2). E (3).

871* (2) &fq.


weel-stow, sb.f.str. place of slaughter,
(cf.

foafjlstatt).

gen.

always in the phrase ahton -we


geweald, of a victorious army.
840* & fq. dat. -we. 937A. p.
:

61

1.

sb.n.str.

wsepen,

a weapon,

gen.pl.

-pna. 91 7 A.

fwdepen-gewrixle,

sb.n.str. conflict

exchange) of weapons, gen.


-les. 937 A. p. 61 h.
wser, adj. wary with gen. aware of.
(lit.

it. 9 1 7 A.
Wserine-wic, sb.n.str. NL. Warwick. 915D. withdat.pl. Waering
wicum. 914C.

W8estm

ware, aware of

westm

(1),

growth, increase,

B.C

v. ic.

out of. 893*.


frequent with verbs of motion;

iit,

-ce,

init.

wsel, sb.n.str. slaughter, carnage.


833*. 851*. & passim.
fwsel-feld, sb.m.str. the field of
dat. -da. 937 A. p.
slaughter.
61 h.
wsel-sleaht (1), -sliht (2), -sleht (3),

pi. his

nom.
fup-lic, adj. lofty, sublime,
m.wJc. -ca. 979E.
uppe, adv. up. uppe on, up on. 897

n.wh.

adj. weak, poor.

975 A. ad

battle-field,

up; often
with the

the Greek dvoS),


sense of going inland; so hine
865*. tip becoman.
tip bestsel.
fq.
937A. ad fin. 860*. 883*.
on SuS Seax(1). 1001A (2). lip
um, inland in Sussex. 895A.
in regard to a river, up stream,
like

up-flore,

W.

(E), un-puserness
discord, division.

un-pwserness

(1).

(2), sb.m.n.str.
fruit. 975 ad fin.

(2).

wseter, sb.n.str. 897A. p. 43 1. pi.


gen.pl.
(watres). 963E. p. 68 b.
-ra.

975 A.

p. 72I.

(E), adv. from outside, outside. 885*. 894A. p. 37 b.


8A.
^ 91
titan- weard (E), ute-weard (A),
adj. external, out-side, fram, aet
%xm. muSan -dum, from, at the
outside of the mouth or estuary.

wseter-feesten, sb.n.str. water-fastness, place protected by water.

893*. 897A. p. 42 b.
ute, adv. out, outside. 894A. p. 36 b.
91 8 A. ute of, out of, ib. ute on,

the Welsh, Wales. 835A (2),E (1),


(of the West or Cornish Welsh),
(Wealles). 937A. ad fin. Wealas.

(A),

out in. 895A.


utene, adv. from the outside, outside. 992E.
uter-mere, sb.m.str. the outer sea,
open sea. dat. 897A. p. 42 1.

dat. -tenne.

wala,

interj.

894A. ad

wo

alas

wana, adj. wanting,


warnian,

Wealas

wJc.v.

(1),

init.

999E.
972E.
to warn. 99 2 E.
!

Walas

deficient.

(2), sb.pl.m.str.

B.C.D. gen. -la. 823A(2). E (1).


dat. -lum (1). 918A. (of the West
Welsh.)

weald,

sb.m.str. weald, forest. 893*.


ib. -de. 937 A. p. 61 b.

dat. -da.

GLOSSARY.
fwealdend

(1),

waldend

(2), sb.

ruler, wielder. 97 5 A.
gen. -des. ib. (2).

m.str.

72 m.

p.

133

well-willende, adj. benevolent.


nom.m.wk. -da. 984A.
wel-ne"ah, adv. well nigh, nearly.

Wealh-gefera(A),-gerefa(B.C.D.)
according to Kemble
(who adopts the reading of B.
&c.), the reeve of the king's

sb.m.wk.

Welsh serfs according to Prof.


Earle (who prefers the reading
of A), the commander of a body
;

999F.
'

wk.v. to
ween, think.
wende. 911 A. p.pl. wendon.
994E.
wendan, wJc.v. to turn. p.sg. wende.
895A. p.pl. wendon. 895A. 885
A. w. lip. 999E. w. fit. 1000E.

wenan,
p.sg.

of men which patrolled the Welsh


border. 897. ad Jin.
weall, sb.m.str. a wall, rampart.

-dan. 905 A.
Wendel-see, sb.f.str. NL. the Mediterranean sea. 885A.

92 1 A. p. 54m. pi. -las. 963E. p.


67 b. (-le). ib. ad Jin.
Wealt-ham, sb.m.str. NL. Bishop's
Waltham, Hants. 1001A.

Wentas,

sb.m.str. NL. 'Welsh


Wood,' doubtful reading in 878E,
where the other MSS. have Sealwudu. In any case Selwood is

Weal-wudu,

the place meant.

weard, sb.m.str. a warder, protector.


9 75 A. p. 72.
weard, sb.m.str. ? possession, dat.
-de.

995F.

80 1. (a mutilated

p.

sb.f.str.

NL.

Ward-

borough, Oxon. (Thorpe). 915C.

weaxan

(1),

wexan

increase.

grow,
E(2).

(2),

999D

st.v.

(1).

to
C.

995 F.

82 1.

p.

Weolud, NL.

the river Welland,


Northants. 921 A. p. 55 1.
weorod (1), wered (2), sb.n.str. a

band of men, an army, (waerod).


999E. dat. -de. 937A. p. 60I. (1).
878*.

823A

weorpan,

(wserede). E.
to throw,

(2).

st.v.

foerfett,

p.sg. wearp.

weoruld

the world,

973A

(2), sb.f.str.
-de. 959E (2).

dat.

(2).

weoruld-gifu, sb.f.str. secular


pi. (-giua). 995F. p. 80b.

weoruld-pe'owdom,

E(3).

weorp,

(1),

port(3),

wedd,
D.

sb.n.str. pledge, security.


dat. -de. 918C. 926D.

Wed-mor
m.str.

(E),

947

Wep-mor

NL. Wedmore,

(A), sb.
Somerset.

weg,

sb.m.str.

a way. dat. be

Rome

wege, on the way to Rome. 888F.


v. on-weg, a-weg.

fwegan,

st.v. to

carry, bear, 'weigh.'

975 A. p. 72 m.
wel, adv. well, abundantly. 894A.
p.sg. wseg.
p. 38 b.

wel-gehwser, adv. nearly everywhere. 1 00 1 A.


wel-hwser, adv. nearly everywhere.
975

A -P-.7 2ra

Welisc, adj. Welsh. gen. (Wselsces).


85 2E.

lar service.

sb.rn.str.

gift.

secu-

(-peudom). 963E. p.

68 h.
adj. worthy, honoured,

pi. -jmste.

sup.

876E. 878*.

weorftan, st .v. foerftm, (1) to happen,


take place,
p.sg. wear]). 868*.
800A (waerS). E. (wearde). 995F.

ad

878*.

897A. ad Jin.

woruld

(1),

Weeced (2), WecedNL. Watchet, Somerset.


918A (2). 915D (1). 987, 997

"Weced

NL. the people

Gwent,

cast.

passage. )

Weard-burh,

sb.pl.m.str.

which corresponds
Monmouthshire.
roughly with
gen. -ta. 926D.
weofod, sb.n.str. altar, dat. -de.
of

(2) to

init.

San). E.

be.

become,

weorftan.

subj.pl.

p.pl.

pres.

959D. (wearwurdon. 91 8A.

inne

wurdon, got inside. 867*.


(3) auxiliary verb of the passive
voice, p.sg. wearp. 871*. 88 1 A.
waro\ E. p.pl. wurdon. 866*.
weor'Sian, wurflian, wyrftian, wk.
v. to honour.
p.sg. weorSode.
878E. -Sude A. wyrSede. 995F.
p. 82I.

p.pl. wurftodon.

weorp-ness,
nity,

dat.

weorp-seipe

975E.

sb.f.str. splendour,
-se. 855A.

(1),

wurU-

dig-

(2), sb.m.

GLOSSAR Y.

134
str.

dat.

worth, honour, dignity,

942A

(1).

855E

wer, sb.m.str. a weir.


963E. p. 68 b.

wergan,

pi. (wseres).

54h-

"Wer-ham (1), Wser- (2) sb.m.str.


NL. Wareham, Dorset. 8 76 A (1).

E (a). 877* (1).


fwerig, adj. weary. 93 7A.

60 1.

sb.f.str. a people, nation.


ace. -de. 975 A. p. 72 b.
wesan, sb.v. fcJESm, to be. p.sg.
wses. 790*.
passim, was. 794

&

(weas). 887E.
p.pl. waeron.

vvsere. 836*.
787*.
passim.
west, adv. west, in the west, in a
877*. 886*.
westerly direction.

&

894A. p. 39 h. (wsest). ib.


westan, adv. from the west. 918A.
894A. p. 38 m. be westan (with
dat.), to the west of. ib. p. 39 m.
west-dsel, sb.m.str. the western part.
dat. -le. 887*.
(weast-). E.
West-Centingas, sb.pl.m.str. the

people of

West Kent.

(Weast-).

999E.
weste, adj. waste, deserted,
-tre. 894A. ad Jin.

weste-weard,

adj.

dat.f.

western, west-

from easte-weardum o]>


from the eastern to the
-de,
western parts. 8 1 3*.
west-lang, adv. westwards, eastlang

~\

westm,

w., east
v.

and west. 893*.

waestm.

West-moringa-land,

sb.n.str.

NL.'

Westmoreland. 966E.
west-rice,

sb.n.str.

the

western

kingdom. 885*.

West-Seaxe (i),Wesseaxe (2), sb.


pl.m.str. the West Saxons, Wes871* (1). 937A. p. 6ot (2).
919C. gen. Wesseaxna. 799.
800.827A. (WsestSaexna),(Waest)
Seaxna, E. -Sexna. 921 A. p. 54 b.
West Seaxna. 835 A. 827E. dat.
West Seaxum. 878A. -Sexum.
E.
sex.

-sexe.

West-Wealas
pl.m.str.

-Walas (2), sb.


the West Welsh, i.e.
(1),

Cornwall. 813* (2).


(Waest-) Wealas. E.

weaxan.
a dwelling, in pi. ena camp.
dat.pl.

trenchments,

wtcum. 878*.
Wicg(e)an-beorh., sb.m.str. NL.
?
Wembury, Devon. dat. -rge.
wic-gefera, A. -gerefa. B. C. D.
(the latter is probably the true
reading), sb.m.wh. a bailiff, reeve
of a wic, or vill. 897A. p. 42 h.

wician, wk.v.

835 A

(2).

to lodge, to

encamp.
896A. 913A. p.pl.
wicodon. 894A. p. 39 b.
wicing*, wiceng (E), sb.m.str. a
viking, pirate,
gen.pl. -gn. 879 A
E (1). so: 885*. 921A. p.
(2).
p.sg. wicode.

54l- (1).
sb.f.wk. a week.
wucan. E.
dat.sg. wiecan. 8 78 A.

wice, wiece, wuce,

wucan. E.
wucena. 894A. p.
39. dat.pl. wucum. 901 A. wicutn.
88 7 A. wucan. E.
wide, adv. widely. 946D. 959E.
acc.pl. wiecan.

941A.

878A.

gen.pl.

975*.
wif, sb.n.str. forih, a

894A.

pi.

erly,

v.

sb.n.st.

851*.
p.

f wer-'o'e'od,

subj.

wexan,
wic,

wk.v. to defend. 921 A. p.

F.853A. wes.987E.

west-weard, adv. westwards. 893*.


(weast-). E.

(a),

pi.

p.

wif.

894A.

wffum. 894A.

woman, a

dat. wife.

38 1.

40 1.

p.

wife.

792E.
dat.pl.

38 1.
war.
gen.

p.

twig, sb.n.str.
937A. p. 6ot.
Wig(e)ra-ceaster,

sb.f.str.

Worcester. 959a. 992E.


fwiggend, sb.m.str. a

wiges.

NL.

warrior.

gen.pl. -dra. 942A.


twig-smiS, sb.m.str.

*
war-smith.'
a warrior, pi. -Sas. 93 7 A. ad fin.
Wiht, sb.f.str. NL. the Isle of

i.e.

Wight. 897A. p. 42 1. 1001A.


"Wiht-land, sb.n.str. NL. the Isle
dat. -de. 998
of Wight. 1001E.
E.

wilde, adj. wild. pi.

-de.

963E.

p.

67b.
willa, sb.m.wk. will, mind. 995E.
82 h.

p.

willan, wyllan, st.wk.v. to will,


wish, be willing, be about to. pres.
ic wille.
963E. p. 69b. p.sg.
wolde. 877*. 878*. 979C. p.pl,
woldon. 874*. 878E. wolden. 874*.

GLOSSARY.
uuoldon. 878A.
(with verb of
motion understood.)
wilnian, wk.v. to desire, will. p.sg.
-node. 97 7C.
Wil-ssete (1), -ssetan
str.

{2), sb.pl. m.

& wk. NL. the people of Wilts,

Wilts. 8ooA(-2). E(i).so: 878*.


dat. -turn. 800*.
sb.m.str.

Wil-tun,
962A.

Wilton.

Wiltun-ceaster.

D.
Wiltun-seir,

871*.
p.

43.

n.

shire,

gen.

Wilt-

fwine, sb.m.str. a friend. 975E.


winnan, st.v. to fight, pres.part.sg.
(1),

White-

(2),

NL. Winchester, gen.


951A (1). (Wincaestre). 993

sb.f.n.str.
-tres.

dat. -tre. 909,

(1).

910A. (2) 855*


963E. ad init (1).
860* (1).

(-tra).

ace. -tre.

winter,

sb.m.n.str. winter

in chro-

nological reckoning, a year.

851*.
878E (m.). gen. wintra. 878*.
wintres C. dat. -tra. 885*. pi.
winter.

887*
973A. 972E.

(n).

gen.pl.

-tra.

fwinter-getel, sb.n.str. a tale of


winters, or years,

winter-set,

in

sb.n.str.

gen. -les. 973A.


a ' winter-seat.'

winter-quarters, acc.pl.
-setu. B. C. D.
(-raetu). 886E.
winter-setl, sb.n.str. 'winter-seat,'
winter quarters. 8 66 A. (-tie). E.
so 868*. kfq.
-wintre, adj. aged so many years.
he wees xviii. wintre, he was 18
years old. 941 A. he waes xvi.
wintre. 959C.
pi.

Wir-heal,

pi.

-healas.

sb.m.str.

Wirral, now a Hundred of Cheshire,


dat.sg. -le. 895A. dat.pl.
-lum. 894A. ad fin.
wis, adj. wise.
975A. p. 72I. pi.
wise. ib. dat.pl. wtsum. 995E. p.
82I1.

(wtsen). ib.
wisuste. ib.

ad init.

wise, sb.f.wk. wise, manner,


-san.

sup.pl.
ace.

1001E.

fwis-dom,

man, councillor,

(1).

90

91 iA

A (1).

pi. -t&n.

868A(2).

gen.pl. -tena.

(1).

(witon). 979E.

"Wit-ham (1), Witan-ham (2), sb.


m.str. Witham, Essex. 91 3A (1).
D(2).
towards,
prep. gen. dat. ace.
with gen. in the direction
of, towards. 894A. p. 38 h. 91 7 A.
with dat. of place, over against,

sb.m.str.

against,

opposite. 878*. of making peace


or conditions with anyone, 865*.
(in this sense also with ace.
and adverbial. 972E).
876*,

in return

-nende. 878*. 835*.

Wintan-ceaster

a.

fwis-lice, adv. wisely. 959E.


sb.f.str. showing, instrucace. -ge. 995F. p. 81 1.
tion,
wita (1), wiota (2),sb.m.wJt. a wise

wissung,

wiS,

NL.

sb.f.str.
-re. 898A.

Win-burne (1), "Wim- (2), sb.f.wh.


NL. Wimborne, Dorset. 871* (1).
962A (2).

& pi.

135

on condition

of.

ahredde wiS heora feondum. 994E.


with ace. against. 871*. 882*.
(in this sense also with dat.
85 3A). in relation to. 96 3E. p.
68 h. of consulting with. 999E. in
the presence of, with. 85 2E. put
after its case, e.g. 1001 A. v. raid.

fwiper-saca,

sb.m.wJc.

gacher, an opponent,
-can. 975D.

cf.

fotefcer-

enemy,

pi.

witJ-innan, prep.dat. within. 963E.

ad

init.

wifi-standan,
resist,

-stodon.

st.v.

p.sg. -stod.

to

withstand,

1001E.

p.pl.

ib.

wip-utan. adv. from outside, outside.

99 2 F.

fwlanc, adj. proud,


ad Jin.

pi. -ce.

937A.

fwlitig, adj. beauteous. 975 A. ad


init.

Wodnes-dseg, sb.m.str.
day,'
Wednesday.

Woden's

gen.(abs.)

-daeges. 806P.
sb.n.str. foolfct, cloud,
kin.' 979C.

wolcen,

word, sb.n.str. word. dat.


pi. (worde).

963E.

p.

-de.

'

wel-

973A.

69 m.
*
word- wise,'

fword-snotor, adj.
eloquent. 975A. p. 72 1.

Wornig,
wisdom. 979E.

for,

865*. (so with inst. wiS j)on J?e,


on condition that. 994E). with
verbs of saving, &c, = from, hi

sb.? m.str.

Worthy near

Winchester. 1001A.

GLOSSARY.

136
fwdfl-bora, sb.m.wk. a
-ran. 975 B. C. p. 7211.

wracu,

seer.

pi.

fwyrnan,

avenge,

p. 60 h.
wyrs, adv.compar. worse. 994F.
wyrse, adj.compar. worse. 1001E.
(wsersa). 979E.

792E.
st.v. to

^wrecan,

wroht. 963E. p. 68 h.
wk.v. to refuse, decline
(with gen.), p.pl. -ndon. 937 A.

racht,

revenge,
dat.
vengeance. 975A. p. 72b.
wrece. 95 2D.
wreec-siS, sb.m.str. exile, dat. -Se.
sb.f.str.

pres.part.pl. wircende. 994E. p.p.

'

wreak.'

979^.

fwrecend, sb.m.str. avenger. 979E.


writ, sb.n.str. writing, writ, document, dat. write. 963E. p. 68 h.
pi. (writes), ib.p. 67b.
writan, st.v. to write, pres. ic write.
963E. p. 69b. p.pl.(writen) ib. m.
wudu, sb.m.str. a wood, forest. 893*.
.

gen.sg. -da. ib.

of timber),

852E

pi. -da.

(in the sense

p. 67 b.
-dum. 878*.
wudu-feesten, sb.n.str. wood-fastness, place protected by woods.
dat. -nne. 894A. ad init.
fwulf, sb.m.str. a wolf. 937A. p.

963E.

dat.pl.

61 b.

yfel,

adj.

sb.f.str.

a wound,

dat.pl.

CD.

-dun. 937A.

wunder,

p. 61 1. -dum.B.
sb.n.str. wonder, portent,

horror,

dat.pl. (-drsen). 991F.

wunder-lic, adj.

farutttJeritCJ},

derful, strange. 806F.


wunian, wk.v. to dwell,

to

wonstay.

p.sg. -node. 887*. 959E. -ade.8551!.


pres.part. -niende. 855A.
sb.f.wJc.

Norfolk,

fwydewe,

NL.

the river Ouse,

dat. -san.

pi.

-wan. 975D.

'fwynsum,
975A.

fyfelian,
hit

wk.v. to

wyrcan

(1),

wirean

(2), wk.v.

to

work, to make, wircen. 963E. p.


68 h. 995F. p. 80 1 (1). p.sg.
wrohte. E.
worhte. 893*. 878A.
p.pl. worhton. 885 A. wrohton. E.

grow worse, p.sg.


grew worse.

things

yfelode,

975l\
ylca, v.
yldest,

ilea.
v.

eald.

ymb (1), ymbe (2), embe


round.

of place

885*

at.

(1).

of time

init. (2).

(3), prep,
about, a-

937A. ad

about. 855E.

892A (2). 913A (1). after. 916


C(3). 94iA(2). 942A(i).
ymb-sittan, st.v. to besiege, p.sg.
ymbsaet. 943 D. p.pl. ymbsaiton.
885*.
adv.

ymb-utan,

str.

(1),

west

about,

west about. 877*.


894. p. 38 h.

(2), sb.m.

(1).
(2).
in(2), sb.n.str.

(1), ierfe
heritance, property, cattle,

yst,

sb.f.str.

init. (2).

910A

sb.f.str.

wave,

975A.p. 72 1.

THE END.

dat.

(1).

storm, tempest. 877*.

ytan (for utan), adv. from


on ytan, outside. 993A.
fyfl,

y.

sdS, norS y.

-cwalm

murrain. 986C

921A. ad

ad> init.

damage. 897A.
994E. gen. -les.

42 1. 993E.
1001E.

p.

yrfe

adj. pleasant, winsome.

gen.pl.str.

yfel, sb.n.str. evil,

yrf-ewealm

905A.

sb.f.wh. a widow,

bad.

evil,

yfelra. 97 5D.

ace. about,

f wund,

Wuse,

Y.

outside.

gen.pl.

y^a.

<H

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