Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 7

For Switchyard

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


Ground Grid Systems
IEEE Std 80-2000
Number of Ground Conductors:

41

Number of Ground Rods:

26

Total Length of Ground Conductors:

3695

Total Length of Ground Rods:

78

Frequency:

50

Unit System:

Metric

Ground Grid Input Data

System Data:
Short-Circuit Current
Total
Ambient

Fault

Freq.

Weight

Temp.

Current

Hz

kg

kA

50.0

70

40.00

31.500

Sf

Fault Duration (Seconds)


Cp

Division Projection
Factor

Factor

X/R

40.00

71.8

125.0

Tf

Tc

Ts

for

for Sizing

for

Total
Ground
Available
Fault
Duration Conductors
Body
Current
0.50
0.50
0.50

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Materia
l Type
Crushed
rock

Upper Layer Soil

Resistivit
y
.m

Depth
m

5000.0

0.200

Lower Layer Soil

Resistivity

Depth

Resistivity

Materia
l Type

.m

Material
Type

.m

Dry soil

800.0

5.00

Moist
soil

800.0

Material constants:

r Factor
Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Conductor/Rod

Type

1/C

0 C

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed
soft-drawn

100.0

0.00393

234.0

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm

Length
m

No. of
Rods

Arrangement

Resistivity Thermal
of
Fusing
Ground Capacity
Conducto
r
Temperature @ 20C Per Unit
Volume
C
J/
.cm
(cm.C)
1083.0
1.72
3.42

1.400
3.00
Grid Configuration:
Conductor
Size
mm
300

26

Rods Throughout Grid Area

Grid Length m

Depth
m
1.00

Lx
125.00

Number of Conductors
in X
Direction
15

Ly
70.00

in Y
Direction
26

Separation m
in X
Direction
5.0

in Y
Direction
5.0

Shape: Rectangular
Ground Grid Summary Report
Rg
GPR
Ground Ground
Resistanc Potential
e
Rise
Ohm
Volts
125063.
3.950
8

Tolerable

Touch Potential
Calculated
Calculated

Tolerable

Step Potential
Calculated
Calculated

Volts

Volts

Volts

Volts

1630.3

10965.8

672.6

5855.3

8637.5

147.5

Total Fault Current:

31.5

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.724

Maximum Grid Current:

31.666

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):


Decrement Factor (Df):

kA
kA

0.846
1.12

Warnings:
The maximum Touch Voltage exceeds the tolerable limits
The maximum Step Voltage exceeds the tolerable limits

Report of Intermediate Constants for IEEE 80 Methods


Correction factor for grid geometry regarding touch voltage (Kim):
Spacing factor for touch voltage (Km):

0.471

3.507

Spacing factor for step voltage (Ks):

0.276

Corrective weighting factor that adjusts for the effects of inner conductors on the corner mesh
(Kii): 1.000
Constants 1 related to the geometry of system (K1): 1.340
Constants 2 related to the geometry of system (K2):

5.652

For Tailwater

Electrical Transient Analyzer Program


Ground Grid Systems
IEEE Std 80-2000
Number of Ground Conductors:

Number of Ground Rods:

Total Length of Ground Conductors:


Total Length of Ground Rods:
Frequency:

65

50

Unit System:

Metric

Ground Grid Input Data


System Data:
Short-Circuit Current
Total
Ambient

Fault

Freq.

Weight

Temp.

Current

Hz

kg

kA

50.0

70

40.00

31.500

Sf

Fault Duration (Seconds)


Cp

Division Projection
Factor

Factor

X/R

40.00

71.8

125.0

Tf

Tc

Ts

for

for Sizing

for

Total
Ground
Available
Fault
Duration Conductors
Body
Current
0.50
0.50
0.50

Soil Data:
Surface Material

Materia
l Type
Crushed
rock

Upper Layer Soil

Resistivit
y
.m

Depth
m

5000.0

0.200

Lower Layer Soil

Resistivity

Depth

Resistivity

Materia
l Type

.m

Material
Type

.m

Moist
soil

60.0

5.00

Moist
soil

60.0

Material constants:

r Factor
Conductivity

@ 20 C

K0 @

Conductor/Rod

Type

1/C

0 C

Conductor & Rod

Copper, annealed
soft-drawn

100.0

0.00393

234.0

Resistivity Thermal
of
Fusing
Ground Capacity
Conducto
r
Temperature @ 20C Per Unit
Volume
C
J/
.cm
(cm.C)
1083.0
1.72
3.42

Rod Data:
Diameter
cm
1.400

Length
m
3.00

No. of
Rods
26

Arrangement
Rods Throughout Grid Area

Grid Configuration:
Conductor
Size
mm
300

Depth
m
1.00

Grid Length m
Lx
20.00

Ly
5.00

Number of Conductors
in X
Direction
2

in Y
Direction
5

Separation m
in X
Direction
5.0

in Y
Direction
5.0

Shape: Rectangular

Ground Grid Summary Report


Rg
GPR
Ground Ground
Resistanc Potentia
e
l Rise
Ohm
Volts
3.113

98599.4

Touch Potential
Tolerable
Calculated
Calculated
Volts

Volts

Volts

Volts

1585.08

21007.79

1325.35

5674.22

9168.77

161.59

Total Fault Current:

31.5

Reflection Factor (K):

-0.976

Maximum Grid Current:

31.666

Surface Layer Derating Factor (Cs):


Decrement Factor (Df):

Tolerable

Step Potential
Calculated
Calculated

kA
kA

0.819
1.12

Warnings:
The maximum Touch Voltage exceeds the tolerable limits
The maximum Step Voltage exceeds the tolerable limits