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Chapter VII. Walking in the City
Seeing Manhattan from the 110th floor of the World Trade Center. Beneath the haze stirred up by the winds, the urban island, a sea in the middle of the sea, lifts up the
skyscrapers over Wall Street, sinks down at Greenwich, then rises again to the crests of Midtown, quietly passes over Central Park and finally undulates off into the distance
beyond Harlem. A wave of verticals. Its agitation is momentarily arrested by vision. The gigantic mass is immobilized before the eyes. It is transformed into a texturology in
which extremes coincide—extremes of ambition and degradation, brutal oppositions of races and styles, contrasts between yesterday’s buildings, already trans-formed into
trash cans, and today’s urban irruptions that block out its space. Unlike Rome, New York has never learned the art of growing old by playing on all its pasts. Its present invents
itself, from hour to hour, in the act of throwing away its previous accomplishments and challenging the future. A city composed of paroxysmal places in monumental reliefs.
The spectator can read in it a universe that is constantly exploding. In it are inscribed the architectural figures of the coincidatio oppositorum formerly drawn in miniatures
and mystical textures. On this stage of concrete, steel and glass, cut out between two oceans (the Atlantic and the American) by a frigid body of water, the tallest letters in the
world compose a gigantic rhetoric of excess in both expenditure and production.’

Voyeurs or walkers
To what erotics of knowledge does the ecstasy of reading such a cosmos belong? Having taken a voluptuous pleasure in it, I wonder what is the source of this pleasure of
«seeing the whole,» of looking down on, totalizing the most immoderate of human texts.
To be lifted to the summit of the World Trade Center is to be lifted out of the city’s grasp. One’s body is no longer clasped by the streets that turn and return it according to an
anonymous law; nor is it possessed, whether as player or played, by the rumble of so many differences and by the nervousness of New York traffic. When one goes up there,
he leaves behind the mass that carries off and mixes up in itself any identity of authors or spectators. An Icarus flying above these waters, he can ignore the devices of Dae-
dalus in mobile and endless labyrinths far below. His elevation transfigures him into a voyeur. It puts him at a distance. It transforms the bewitching world by which one was
«possessed» into a text that lies before one’s eyes. It allows one to read it, to be a solar Eye, looking down like a god. The exaltation of a scopic and gnostic drive: the fiction of
knowledge is related to this lust to be a viewpoint and nothing more.

Must one finally fall back into the dark space where crowds move back and forth, crowds that, though visible from on high, are themselves unable to see down below?
An Icarian fall. On the 110th floor, a poster, sphinx-like, addresses an enigmatic message to the pedestrian who is for an instant transformed into a visionary: It’s hard to be
down when you’re up.

The desire to see the city preceded the means of satisfying it. Medieval or Renaissance painters represented the city as seen in a perspective that no eye had yet enjoyed.’ This
fiction already made the medieval spectator into a celestial eye. It created gods. Have things changed since technical procedures have organized an «all-seeing power»?3 The
totalizing eye imagined by the painters of earlier times lives on in our achieve-ments. The same scopic drive haunts users of architectural productions by materializing today
the utopia that yesterday was only painted. The 1370 foot high tower that serves as a prow for Manhattan continues to construct the fiction that creates readers, makes the
complexity of the city readable, and immobilizes its opaque mobility in a transparent text.
Is the immense texturology spread out before one’s eyes anything more than a representation, an optical artifact? It is the analogue of the facsimile produced, through a
projection that is a way of keeping aloof, by the space planner urbanist, city planner or cartographer. The panorama-city is a «theoretical» (that is, visual) simulacrum, in
short a picture, whose condition of possibility is an oblivion and a misunderstanding of practices. The voyeur-god created by this fiction, who, like Schreber’s God, knows only
cadavers,4 must disentangle himself from the murky intertwining daily behaviors and make himself alien to them.

The ordinary practitioners of the city live «down below,» below the thresholds at which visibility begins. They walk—an elementary form of this experience of the city; they
are walkers, Wandersmänner, whose bodies follow the thicks and thins of an urban «text» they write without being able to read it. These practitioners make use of spaces
that cannot be seen; their knowledge of them is as blind as that of lovers in each other’s arms. The paths that correspond in this intertwining, unrecognized poems in which
each body is an element signed by many others, elude legibility. It is as though the practices organizing a bustling city were characterized by their blindness.’ The networks
of these moving, intersecting writings compose a manifold story that has neither author nor spectator, shaped out of fragments of trajectories and alterations of spaces: in
relation to representations, it remains daily and indefinitely other.

Escaping the imaginary totalizations produced by the eye, the everyday has a certain strangeness that does not surface, or whose surface is only its upper limit, outlining it-
self against the visible. Within this ensemble, I shall try to locate the practices that are foreign to the «geometrical» or «geographical» space of visual, panoptic, or theoretical
constructions. These practices of space refer to a specific form of operations («ways of operating»), to «another spatialityi6 (an «anthropological,!’ poetic and mythic expe-
rience of space), and to an opaque and blind mobility characteristic of the bustling city. A migrational, or metaphorical, city thus slips into the clear text of the planned and
readable city.

1. From the concept of the city to urban practices
The World Trade Center is only the most monumental figure of Western urban development. The atopia-utopia of optical knowledge has long had the ambition of surmoun-
ting and articulating the contradictions arising from urban agglomeration. It is a question of managing a growth of human agglomeration or accumulation. «The city is a huge
monastery,» said Erasmus. Perspective vision and prospective vision constitute the twofold projection of an opaque past and an uncertain future onto a surface that can be
dealt with. They inaugurate (in the sixteenth century?) the transformation of the urban fact into the concept of a city. Long before the concept itself gives rise to a particu-
lar figure of history, it assumes that this fact can be dealt with as a unity determined by an urbanistic ratio. Linking the city to the concept never makes them identical, but
it plays on their progressive symbiosis: to plan a city is both to think the very plurality of the real and to make that way of thinking the plural effective; it is to know how to
articulate it and be able to do it.

An operational concept?

The «city» founded by utopian and urbanistic discourse’ is defined by the possibility of a threefold operation:

1. The production of its own space (un espace propre): rational organization must thus repress all the physical, mental and political pollutions that would compromise it;

2. the substitution of a nowhen, or of a synchronic system, for the indeterminable and stubborn resistances offered by traditions; univocal scientific strategies, made possible
by the flattening out of all the data in a plane projection, must replace the tactics of users who take advantage of «opportunities» and who, through these trap-events, these
lapses in visibility, reproduce the opacities of history everywhere;

3. finally, the creation of a universal and anonymous subject which is the city itself: it gradually becomes possible to attribute to it, as to its political model, Hobbes’ State, all
the functions and predicates that were previously scattered and assigned to many different real subjects—groups, associations, or individuals. «The city,» like a proper name,
thus provides a way of conceiving and constructing space on the basis of a finite number of stable, isolatable, and interconnected properties.

Administration is combined with a process of elimination in this place organized by «speculative» and classificatory operations.’ On the one hand, there is a differentiation
and redistribution of the parts and functions of the city, as a result of inversions, displacements, accumulations, etc.; on the other there is a rejection of everything that is
not capable of being dealt with in this way and so constitutes the «waste products» of a functionalist administration (abnormality, deviance, illness, death, etc.). To be sure,
progress allows an increasing number of these waste products to be reintroduced into administrative circuits and transforms even deficiencies (in health, security, etc.) into
ways of making the networks of order denser. But in reality, it repeatedly produces effects contrary to those at which it aims: the profit system generates a loss which, in the
multiple forms of wretchedness and poverty outside the system and of waste inside it, constantly turns production into «expenditure.» More-over, the rationalization of the
city leads to its mythification in strategic discourses, which are calculations based on the hypothesis or the necessity of its destruction in order to arrive at a final decision.’
Finally, the functionalist organization, by privileging progress (i.e., time), causes the condition of its own possibility—space itself—to be forgotten; space thus becomes the
blind spot in a scientific and political technology. This is the way in which the Concept-city functions; a place of transformations and appropriations, the object of various
kinds of interference but also a subject that is constantly enriched by new attributes, it is simultaneously the machinery and the hero of modernity.

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Today, whatever the avatars of this concept may have been, we have to acknowledge that if in discourse the city serves as a totalizing and almost mythical landmark for
socioeconomic and political strategies, urban life increasingly permits the re-emergence of the element that the urbanistic project excluded. The language of power is in itself
«urbanizing,» but the city is left prey to contradictory movements that counter-balance and combine themselves outside the reach of panoptic power. The city becomes the
dominant theme in political legends, but it is no longer a field of programmed and regulated operations. Beneath the discourses that ideologize the city, the ruses and combi-
nations of powers that have no readable identity proliferate; without points where one can take hold of them, without rational transparency, they are impossible to adminis-
ter.

The return of practices

The Concept-city is decaying. Does that mean that the illness afflicting both the rationality that founded it and its professionals afflicts the urban populations as well? Perhaps
cities are deteriorating along with the procedures that organized them. But we must be careful here. The ministers of knowledge have always assumed that the whole uni-
verse was threatened by the very changes that affected their ideologies and their positions. They transmute the misfortune of their theories into theories of misfortune. When
they transform their bewilderment into «catastrophes,» when they seek to enclose the people in the «panic» of their discourses, are they once more necessarily right?

Rather than remaining within the field of a discourse that upholds its privilege by inverting its content (speaking of catastrophe and no longer of progress), one can try ano-
ther path: one can try another path: one can analyze the microbe-like, singular and plural practices which an urbanistic system was supposed to administer or suppress, but
which have outlived its decay; one can follow the swarming activity of these procedures that, far from being regulated or eliminated by panoptic administration, have rein-
forced themselves in a proliferating illegitimacy, developed and insinuated themselves into the networks of surveillance, and combined in accord with unreadable but stable
tactics to the point of constituting everyday regulations and surreptitious creativities that are merely concealed by the frantic mechanisms and discourses of the observatio-
nal organization.

This pathway could be inscribed as a consequence, but also as the reciprocal, of Foucault’s analysis of the structures of power. He moved it in the direction of mechanisms
and technical procedures, «minor instrumentalities» capable, merely by their organization of «details,» of transforming a human multiplicity into a «disciplinary» society
and of managing, differentiating, classifying, and hierarchizing all deviances concerning apprenticeship, health, justice, the army, or work.10 «These often miniscule ruses
of discipline,» these «minor but flawless» mechanisms, draw their efficacy from a relationship between procedures and the space that they redistribute in order to make an
«operator» out of it. But what spatial practices correspond, in the area where discipline is manipulated, to these apparatuses that produce a disciplinary space? In the present
conjuncture, which is marked by a contradiction between the collective mode of administration and an individual mode of reappropriation, this question is no less important,
if one admits that spatial practices in fact secretly structure the determining conditions of social life. I would like to follow out a few of these multiform, resistance, tricky and
stubborn procedures that elude discipline without being out-side the field in which it is exercised, and which should lead us to a theory of everyday practices, of lived space,
of the disquieting familiarity of the city. (...)

2. The chorus of idle footsteps
«The goddess can be recognized by her step»
Virgil, Aeneid, I, 405

Their story begins on ground level, with footsteps. They are myriad, but do not compose a series. They cannot be counted because each unit has a qualitative character: a
style of tactile apprehension and kinesthetic appropriation. Their swarming mass is an innumerable collection of singularities. Their intertwined paths give their shape to
spaces. They weave places together. In that respect, pedestrian movements form one of these «real systems whose existence in fact makes up the city.»» They are not loca-
lized; it is rather they that spatialize. They are no more inserted within a container than those Chinese characters speakers sketch out on their hands with their fingertips.

It is true that the operations of walking on can be traced on city maps in such a way as to transcribe their paths (here well-trodden, there very faint) and their trajectories
(going this way and not that). But these thick or thin curves only refer, like words, to the absence of what has passed by. Surveys of routes miss what was: the act itself of pas-
sing by. The operation of walking, wandering, or «window shopping,» that is, the activity of passers-by, is transformed into points that draw a totalizing and reversible line on
the map. They allow us to grasp only a relic set in the nowhen of a surface of projection. Itself visible, it has the effect of making invisible the operation that made it possible.
These fixations constitute procedures for forgetting. The trace left behind is substituted for the practice. It exhibits the (voracious) property that the geographical system has
of being able to transform action into legibility, but in doing so it causes a way of being in the world to be forgotten.

Pedestrian speech acts

A comparison with the speech act will allow us to go further» and not limit ourselves to the critique of graphic representations alone, looking from the shores of legibility
toward an inaccessible beyond. The act of walking is to the urban system what the speech act is to language or to the statements uttered.13 At the most elementary level, it
has a triple «enunciative» function: it is a process of appropriation of the topographical system on the part of the pedestrian (just as the speaker appropriates and takes on
the language); it is a spatial acting-out of the place (just as the speech act is an acoustic acting-out of language); and it implies relations among differentiated positions, that
is, among pragmatic «contracts» in the form of movements (just as verbal enunciation is an «allocution,» «posits another opposite» the speaker and puts con-tracts between
interlocutors into action).14 It thus seems possible to give a preliminary definition of walking as a space of enunciation.

We could moreover extend this problematic to the relations between the act of writing and the written text, and even transpose it to the relationships between the «hand»
(the touch and the tale of the paint-brush [le et la geste du pinceau]) and the finished painting (forms, colors, etc.). At first isolated in the area of verbal communication, the
speech act turns out to find only one of its applications there, and its linguistic modality is merely the first determination of a much more general distinction between the
forms used in a system and the ways of using this system (i.e., rules), that is, between two «different worlds,» since «the same things» are considered from two opposite for-
mal viewpoints.

Considered from this angle, the pedestrian speech act has three characteristics which distinguish it at the outset from the spatial system: the present, the discrete, the «pha-
tic.»

First, if it is true that a spatial order organizes an ensemble of possibilities (e.g., by a place in which one can move) and interdictions (e.g., by a wall that prevents one from
going further), then the walker actualizes some of these possibilities. In that way, he makes them exist as well as emerge. But he also moves them about and he invents others,
since the crossing, drifting away, or improvisation of walking privilege, trans-form or abandon spatial elements. Thus Charlie Chaplin multiplies the possibilities of his cane:
he does other things with the same thing and he goes beyond the limits that the determinants of the object set on its utilization. In the same way, the walker transforms each
spatial signifier into something else. And if on the one hand he actualizes only a few of the possibilities fixed by the constructed order (he goes only here and not there), on
the other he increases the number of possibilities (for example, by creating shortcuts and detours) and prohibitions (for ex-ample, he forbids himself to take paths generally
considered accessible or even obligatory). He thus makes a selection. «The user of a city picks out certain fragments of the statement in order to actualize them in secret.»

He thus creates a discreteness, whether by making choices among the signifiers of the spatial «language» or by displacing them through the use he makes of them. He
condemns certain places to inertia or disappearance and composes with others spatial «turns of phrase» that are «rare,» «accidental» or illegitimate. But that already leads
into a rhetoric of walking.

pages 102-108 _ Certeau, Michel de - The Practice of Everyday Life (Berkeley 1984)

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«Good evening. Our project is entitled walk and talk. According to Michel de Certeau the act of walking is connected to the urban system in terms of enuncia-
tion: „The act of walking is to the urban system what the speech act is to language or to the statements uttered.“ Thus for this project we decided to stride along
the city of Bucharest during 5 days inviting every day a new person to join us in a walk/talk. This walks, that all last for 6 hours and cover about 20 kilometres
per day, are documented in various ways. The walk/talk project aims at producing new forms when the conventional tools turn out to be inadequate to capture
everydayness. The simple method we have designed, but we’d rather call it rule, is a sort of catalysis: we wanted to see what could happen when one follows and
obeys a rule like this, we wanted to see what kind of unexpected could arise when confronted with a method.

The talk/performance that will follow is in no way a work of art. The actual work has been of course the walks and talks themselves, a form we thought to be the
most relevant concerning our situation: how to make an art work within seven days, respecting the framework of the Biennale, the city and the people who leave
within? This lecture is in no way a conclusion. Flaubert said that stupidity consists in the will of wanting to conclude. We believe that it’d be stupid to conclude.
These walks and talks continue outside, steady, and probably unconcerned with this lecture... and that’s our best reward.

One more thing before starting the lecture: It is of course a compilation of fragments. One could never transcribe everything that has been said during these 24
hours of walks and talks. Actually many things cannot be said outside of their context. Exhaustivity, if such a thing exists is not to be found here, it’s there outside,
in the real.

We would like to thank, Ana Dabija, Dragos Badita, Maria Muscalu, Iulian Mosu, Adrianna Mihailescu for having walked and talked with us so kindly and so bra-
vely under the burning sun, Felix Vogel for having invited us, and Katharina Hohman and Laurent Schmid for having supported us in this project.

[Now we can present ourselves.

Well, my name is Ceel Mogami de Haas, I come from the Netherlands but I am currently studying fine arts in Switzerland, Geneva. As part of my studies I conduct
a research on knowledge technologies and especially encyclopaedism. As an artist I realize mainly installations.

My name is Florent Meng. I come from France and I study in the same school as Ceel. I mainly practice photography, mixing documentary influence with installa-
tion form, asking in my work: How to speak about History?]

We landed Sunday the 23rd at half past three. We took a taxi to the hostel; I was a bit ashamed to say its name to the taxi driver: it bears the absurd one of Funky
Chicken. As soon as we arrived we tried to look for a map. Maps are not easy to find on a Sunday. We stumbled from big hotel to big hotel, none of them had an
entire map of Bucharest, just city centres maps and sex shop maps. We need one with the suburbs for our project.
Luckily it’s not that warm, we had expected worse. The people are very friendly with us, we are looking forward to start walking and talking to them; but we have
to face it: there are no maps and we feel already tired after this afternoon seeking for them. We came back to the Funky Chicken without a map.

On Monday the 24th, we woke up at nine o’clock. I have a hangover, Florent hasn’t. Strange, I don’t remember having drunk that much. After breakfast we went to
look for a map again. A lot of shops are still closed. What kind of Monday is this? They say to us it’s holy. We say it’s crap. We need a map. In the hall of a closed sex
shop, an old man sells books. He has a map. Nice. It costs 13 Lei. That’s basically the only money we need for our project. We already knew that we wouldn’t need
the map to find the destinations of our walk, but rather to find our way back after the 6 hours walking. We had in mind not to use the map to orientate ourselves.
We would let the streets guide us. How can inanimate streets become our active partners? How could they guide us? Through a simple operation of anthropomor-
phism. Just believe they can get a conscience of their own, and believe me, you will think that the path you carved in the city is not only due to your own decision
making, your own sensibility. Just think about this. Every street, every crossroad, every square has its own personality for they all have their own physiognomy,
their own characteristic. Anyway we will come back to the role of the map in our project later in this lecture.
Later that afternoon we went to visit La Bomba. Irina, one of the artists of the collective, welcomed us. She’s very nervous, that’s the least we could say, but I liked
her. They showed us around Rahova, the neighbourhood they are mainly working in. There is a huge piece of waste ground between
Romania Academia and the Palace of the Parliament. As we entered the waste ground, we heard about 10 dogs barking at us. We immediately stepped back when
Irina said they could be dangerous. She says that the kids could help us get rid of them, but they are busy playing football. Maria, another girl of La Bomba showed
us a very high pile of concrete blocks. She said something about Formula one racing that confused me. We couldn’t hear very well what she was saying as we heard
the dogs barking again.
In the evening we came home. I started to think about our next days walks and talks. I think I was thinking so hard about it that suddenly my computer died. At
first I cursed everything and everyone around me. Then I calmed down and said to myself it was a nice sign. It was a proof of experience predominance. Like the
paper that falls on the ground, our world of paper like Luigi Pirandello would say, my computer died. (I turn on my computer...).

On Tuesday the 25th we started walking at 9. We met Ana Dabija halfway General Berthelot Strada. We live in that street and so is she. It seemed to be a good com-
promise to meet halfway. Halfway. What does it mean to meet someone halfway?
First we walked, but soon we started to talk. About everything.
The problematic of narrative is often tackled in the everydayness that is at the hart of contemporary literature and art. Especially when it comes to contest
conventional narrative discourse. In his novel entitled Impatience, the narrator invented by François Bon shouts: “No more novels. Nevermore!”. He then pro-
posed to get the ingredients for the novels in that very everydayness; even when it resists.
Ana showed us at first the city, the hard city. At one point she brought us to her old high school. We passed through the street she always took as a kid to get there.
Suddenly she stops, slightly pale. A house had disappeared. In its place, a hole, big and empty. She looked at it and shouted “it was sad” and “unfair”. We entered
the soft-city.
To be attained, to be said, the city truth would need, ones and for good, a franc assault on conventional narrative forms that seek to give an order to the real -in
the same way the city plan seeks to give an order to reality. There it is, not here: not a novel, not a narrative, but the dispositive of voices that do name the city
and try to grab it. There is a link between everyday and narratives. That is why we decided to walk and talk. But what we do not want is to take part of walkers
that use the everyday in the city in order to create an artificial frame for semi-interesting social-economical or psychological processes. We would like to channel
the minimal -so to leave aside a totalization that is we believe so absurd. There is this unstable zone in everydayness and in the city. A dimension that only has a
performative dimension. We believe the everydayness is not a region or a spectacle one could represent: without an objective status, it can only exist through the
diverse practices that make it exists and that actually invents it.

On Wednesday the 26th we started to walk at half past nine. Dragosh came with us. He is an art student in Cluj. We met him yesterday night. I don’t know how we
managed to convince him to walk and talk with us. Maybe we started to produce possibilities.
Is there a difference between actions and stories? That’s the first question Felix Vogel asks in his text for the Biennial. Our first answer and proposal was a quote
taken from the famous book by Michel de Certeau, The Practice Of Everyday Life: “The act of walking is to the urban system what the speech act is to language
or to the statements uttered. At the most elementary level, it has a triple «enunciative» function: it is a process of appropriation of the topographical system on
the part of the pedestrian (just as the speaker appropriates and takes on the language); it is a spatial acting-out of the place (just as the speech act is an acoustic
acting-out of language); and it implies relations among differentiated positions, that is, among pragmatic «contracts» in the form of movements (just as verbal en-
unciation is an «allocution,» «posits another opposite» the speaker and puts con-tracts between interlocutors into action). It thus seems possible to give a prelimi-
nary definition of walking as a space of enunciation.” Later on he establishes a parallel between the act of speech and the act of walking (practice of the street); he
induces a contrast between the “conceptual city” of the urbanist (the hard and ideal city) and the city of the performers – the walkers for example. The walkers do
not have that global overview, they create something that does re-surface: their movements create a urban text, an invisible text, without author, without reader
or spectator. A second city is created, within the first one, a kind of metaphorical city.
As we approached the lake of Mori, Dragosh who at one point was walking slightly behind ran to me and showed me a picture he just made of us. He told me it
reminded him of the Movie Gerry by Gus Van Sant. We can see Florent and myself walking, Florent ahead, and me weighed down with pain in my feet and heat,
stumbling behind. It’s a good picture I told him, somehow a good résumé of the situation at that point. Gerry is the story of two boys that get lost in the desert,
there is no way for them to find their way back... I am wondering if this could have happened to us in Bucharest if we didn’t find a map to find our way back.

Thursday the 27th. We met Maria and Christina in front of the fountain of the Universitate Plata. We started to walk at 9.30. The sun was already burning.
A democratic journey on the streets seems to be a rather difficult exercise for the inhabitants of the city. It is confronted with what French philosopher Guy Debord
calls “a psychogeography of the city”, “ since a city quarter is not only determined by geographical and economical factors but also by the self-representation of their
inhabitants”. The experience we are practicing reminds us constantly to our “foreigner” status, but it makes us more legitimate when it comes to practice our demo-
cratic walks.
Our guests, for those living in Bucharest, sometimes hesitate to bring us to certain places, advise us against some neighbourhoods, warn us about images, prevent us
from dogs; but often join very excited in our continuous drift, our verbal and spatial drift. In Bucharest, to cross a road outside the pedestrian is a sport, a true duel,
but that is the price to pay for a sense of liberty. We walk across the gardens, we climb over walls and fences, but we didn’t dare to swim across the river. The French
poet Jacque Réda asked the same when suddenly confronted to the Seine. Also, our “democratic walk” obliges us to pay attention to how the city itself rebels. The co-
lumns of certain authoritarian buildings are collapsing. The ground is cracking, the road signs stripes are peeling of. These same stripes that forbid us to walk where
we want to walk it settles.

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A space where drifting is a lie. It’s this kind of “nothing-identity” that is contrasting with that empty space in front of us: a swarming urban desert, a playground
full of possibilities.
We stay 10 minutes under the overpowering sun, observing the poverty of that space. We begin to feel tired. We do not care about hearing or waiting for anything.
We are not in Bucharest, we are in the city.

Friday the 28th. We are waiting in front of Tineretului Metro Station. Adriana arrives first, then comes Iuilian with sunglasses and a hangover.
For three days now we do not decide of a specific trajectory, guided by historical considerations, an attitude peculiar to tourists. We only decide with our guests
about a direction, that we will loose invariably all along our walk/talk. We do not take pleasure in boredom, we profit from the diverse knowledge of our guests
and from the conversations we had with them.
It’s their voice that sometimes directs our path: “I know a nice architecture close to here, let’s go there”. It is this way that we liberate ourselves from the absur-
dity of a straight path on a boulevard, that we escape the authority axes, that we get under the skin of the city.
Thankfully we are not as rigid as these axes and we often escape our own rules. We often walk more than 6 hours, sometimes a little less. Very often we watched
our watch after only 3 hours of walking.
Iuilian is incredible. He is still with us, under the burning sun, with his hangover. It’s quite amazing he made it all along with us. We realized pretty son how diffi-
cult it is to stick to our rules.
We pass by a newly painted house. The colour is really nasty; it’s yellow, but almost fluorescent. The house has been restored. Someone has applied a layer of
concrete on the house, masking the mouldings and the stones. Only the authentic window frames are still visible, but they have been painted in a bright green.
Besides the same building goes on. That part is in ruins but it permits to analyze a transition, to have access to the original aspect. We might be in front of a “do-
cument”. The sun burns. We talk less. But are we are certainly observing more accurately. It’s this silent observation that stays a fundament of our project. Walter
Benjamin quotes Charles Baudelaire in these terms: “the observer is a prince that enjoys everywhere anonymity”.

Saturday the 30th. No one will walk with us today. We left at 9 o’clock without any direction. Today we stroll and we concentrate on the lecture we will give
tonight at the biennale. We are nervous. What we believe is capital in our walk and talk experience is the feeling to participate in a kind of whole that is first
constantly moving and secondly that contains us. Represented by the city, this whole is associated with anonymity, with a dissolution of the self, with a sense of
freedom linked to an experience of the possible, with (I quote the French poet Jacques Réda) “a spreading feeling of freedom in infinity”.
It seemed at some point that part of our intention was to disappear in order to become part of that space that we were travelling up and down tirelessly. As part
of our method, which is we believe a non-method, we decided not to use the map and to let the streets guide us. The inner logic to our project was to find what we
were not looking for. Here the everyday city becomes a field of possibilities, the streets our active collaborators. Now we come back to that idea of anthropomor-
phism we were introducing before and to the question of how inanimate streets can get a sort of conscious state. That was our role, the role of the walker/talker.
Through our practice we tried to define an articulation between facts (architecture, city planning), randomness, circumstances and mindsets. I mean walking
implies much more than just kinetics, it implies reorientations, changes of direction, adaptations and dis-adaptations that goes together with the kind of fre-
quency of the city, at this place, at that time. And walking within the streets, wandering through them is to feel suddenly at a bodily level the ramps and dips, the
variations of proportions, the materiel and the vibrations a street, a city is constituted of.»

Lecture at BB4 Pavillon , Bucarest, May 29, 2010. Florent Meng and Ceel Mogami de Haas.

55
Pictures and Text, Credit

Page 2 _Strada Mehadia, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 3 _View from Sun Plaza, south east Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 4 _View from Sun Plaza, south east Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 5 _ Calin Dan Trip 2006,video still
Page 6 _ no credit recolected
Page 7 _ E.Adget_Chiffonnier. N ° Atget : 32...1899. BNF
Page 8 _ E.Adget_Vendeur d’herbes. N ° Atget : 3207. 1899. BNF
Page 9 _ E.Adget_ florist. N ° Atget : 3085. 1898-1899. BNF
Page 10_ florist, Uranus District,Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 11_ Street detail, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 12_ Turturelelor street, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 13_ Turturelelor street, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 14_ Street detail, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 15_ Turturelelor street, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 16_ Parcul National, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 17_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 18_ Advertising, metro of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 19_ Street detail, Piata victoriei, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 20_ Detail, Stintii Voievozi street, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 21_ Advertising, detail, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 22_ Bibliography Still Life , may 2010,photography.
Page 23_ William Eggleston, the democratic forest cover , Doubleday 1989.
Page 24_ William Eggleston, image from the democratic forest, Doubleday 1989.
Page 25_ Ceel’s broken computer, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 26_ Street detail, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 27_ Florent crossing, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 28_ Still Life , South of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 29_ Still Life , South of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 30_ Still Life , South of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 31_ Walk , Second day , Bucarest, photography by Dragos Badita, may 2010.
Page 32_ Screenshot from Gerry, Gus Van Sant, 2002.
Page 33_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 34_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 35_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 36_ Classic Column Orders, Table of architecture, Cyclopaedia, 1728.
Page 37_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 38_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 39_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 40_ Sophie Ristelhueber, WB # 7, Cprint on aluminium, 2005.
Page 41_ Screenshot from Blade Runner, Ridley Scott, 1982.
Page 42_ Street view, center of Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 43_ Parcul Tineretului, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 44_ Parcul Cismigiu, Bucarest, photography, may 2010.
Page 45-50_ Michel de Certeau, L’invention du quotidien, tome 1 : Arts de faire, Gallimard, 1990.
Page 51-52_ Certeau, Michel de - The Practice of Everyday Life (Berkeley 1984)
Page 53-54_ Lecture at BB4 Pavillon , Bucarest, May 29, 2010. Florent Meng and Ceel Mogami de Haas.

2 4 - 2 9 M AY 2 0 1 0 _ B U CA R E ST B I E N NA LE 4

Ceel Mogami de Haas (NL), born in Selebi Phikwe, Botswana, 1982, lives and work in Amsterdam and Geneva

Florent Meng (FR), born in Paris, France , 1982 , lives and work in Paris and Geneva

56

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