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MATHEMATICS (041)

CLASS XII 2016-17

Marking Scheme
Section A
3

1.

1 1
1 1
, R. Hence, R is not reflexive.
2 2
2 2

[1]

2.

k 23 8

[1]

3.

sin cos 45

[1]

4.

e R is the identity element for if a e e a aa R e 2

[1]

Section B
5.

Let sec1 x . Then x sec and for x < -1,

Given expression = cot 1 ( cot )


= cot 1 (cot( )) sec1 x as 0
6.

[1/2]
[1/2]

[1]

Let A be a skew-symmetric matrix. Then by definition A A

[1/2]

the (i, j)th element of A the (i, j)th element of ( A)

[1/2]

the ( j, i)th element of A the ( i, j) th element of A

[1/2]

For the diagonal elements i j the (i, i)th element of A the (i, i)th element of A

the (i, i)th element of A 0 Hence, the diagonal elements are all zero.
7.

y tan 1

3x 2 x
tan 1 3 x tan 1 2 x
1 3x2 x

dy
3
2

2
dx 1 9 x 1 4 x 2
8.

[1/2]
[1]
[1]

Let y log e x, x 4, x .01

[1/2]

dy 1

dx x

[1/2]

1
dy
dy x
.0025
400
dx x 4

1
2x x

1 x2 1 x2 2 e dx

[1]

9. Given integral

1
d
1
2 x
e x c as
(
)
2
2
2
1 x
dx 1 x
1 x2

[1]

[1]

10.

x2 y b a 2 b2or , x 2 y 2 2by a 2 .........(1)


2

dy
dy
2 x 2 y 2b 0 2b
dx
dx

2x 2 y
dy
dx

Substituting in (1), ( x 2 y 2 a 2 )
11.

a b a b 2 a b
2

[1]

dy
dx .........(2)

[1/2]

dy
2 xy 0
dx

[1/2]

[1]

12.

b 2116

[1/2]

b 46

[1/2]

P( A / B )

P( A B )
P( B )

[1/2]

1 P( A B)
1 P( B)

[1/2]

1 P( A) P( B) P( A B)
1 P( B)

[1/2]

7
10

[1/2]

Section C
13.

A 5

[1/2]

1 2
adjA

2 1

[1+1/2]

A1

adjA 1 1 2

A
5 2 1

[1/2]

Given system of equations is AX B, where X , B


y
2

[1/2]

3
5
X A1B
4
5

[1/2]

3
4
x ,y
5
5

[1/2]

14.

1
Lf ( ) lim
2 h 0

1
1
1
f ( h) f ( )
2( h) 1 0
2
2 lim 2
2
h 0
h
h

1
Rf ( ) lim
2 h 0

1
1
1
f ( h) f ( )
3 6( h) 0
2
2 lim
2
6
h 0
h
h

1
1
1
Lf ( ) Rf ( ) , f is not differentiable at x
2
2
2

[1+1/2]

[1+1/2]
[1]

OR

2sin( x )
6
lim f ( x) lim

x
x
x
6
6
6

[2]

[1]

f ( ) k
6

[1/2]

For the continuity of f ( x) at x

, f ( ) lim f ( x) k 2
6
6 x

[1/2]

15.

dx
dy
ap cos pt ,
bp sin pt
dt
dt

[1]

dy bp sin pt
b

tan pt
dx ap cos pt
a

[1/2]

d 2 y bp sec2 pt dt

dx 2
a
dx

[1]

16.

bp sec2 pt
1
b 2
d2y
2
2

(
a

x
)
y
b2 0
a
pa cos pt (a x 2 ) y
dx 2

Let the normal be at ( x1 , y1 ) to the curve 2 y x 2 .

( x1 , y1 )

[1+1/2]

dy
x The slope of the normal at
dx

1
1

x1
dy

dx ( x1 , y1 )

[1]

The equation of the normal is y y1


The point (2, 1) satisfies it 1 y1

1
( x x1 )
x1

[1/2]

1
(2 x1 ) x1 y1 2.....(1)
x1

2
Also, 2 y1 x1 ......(2)

[1/2]
[1/2]

Solving (1) and (2), we get x1 2 3 , y1 2 3

[1/2]
2
3

The required equation of the normal is x 2 y 2 2

2
3

[1]

OR

f ( x) 4sin 3 x cos x 4cos3 x sin x sin 4 x


f ( x) 0 x

[1]

In the interval

Sign of f(x)
-ve as

(0, )
4

0 4x

+ve as

( , )
4 2

17.

[1]

4 x 2

Conclusion

Marks

[0, ]
f is strictly decreasing in
4

[ , ]
f is strictly increasing in 4 2

[1]

[1]

Increase in subscription charges = Rs x, Decrease in the number of subscriber = x. Obviously, x


is a whole number.

[1/2]

Income is given by y = (500 x)(300 + x). Let us assume for the time being

0 x 500, x R

[1]

dy
dy
200 2 x,
0 x 100
dx
dx

[1/2]

d2y
d2y
2, 2
2 0
dx 2
dx x 100

[1/2]

y is maximum when x = 100, which is a whole number. Therefore, she must increase the
subscription charges by Rs 100 to have maximum income.

[1/2]

Magazines contribute, a great deal, to the development of our knowledge. Through valuable and
subtle critical and commentary articles on culture, social civilization, new life style we learn
a lot of interesting things. Through reading magazines, our mind and point of view are
consolidated and enriched.
18.

cos x t sin xdx dt The given integral


Put t 2 y,

[1]

dt
(t 1)(t 2 4)
2

1
A
B

( y 1)( y 4) y 1 y 4

1 ( y 4) A B( y 1), 0 A B, 1 4 A B A
The given integral

[1/2]

1
1
,B
3
3

1
dt
1
dt
1
1
t
2
tan 1 t tan 1 c
2

3 (t 1) 3 (t 4)
3
6
2

1
1
cos x
tan 1 (cos x) tan 1
c
3
6
2

[1]

[1]
[1]
[1/2]

19.

1 tan y dx (1 tan y 2 x)dy


2 dy

I .F . e

1 tan y

dx
2

x 1
dy 1 tan y

( sin y cos y ) (cos y sin y )


dy
cos y sin y

[1]

eloge (cos y sin y ) y (cos y sin y)e y

[2]

x(cos y sin y)e y (cos y sin y)e y dy x(cos y sin y)e y e y sin y c

[1]

OR

x y
x
x
1 e
x y
dx y
x
y

f ( ), hence homogeneous [1/2]


We have (1 e ) dx 1 e dy
x
dy
y
y
(1 e y )
x

x vy,

dx
dv
v y
dy
dy

[1/2]

1 ev
dy
ev v dv y

[1]

loge ev v loge y loge c

[1]

loge (ev v) y log e c

[1/2]
x

x
(ev v) y c A (e y ) y A , the general solution
y
20.

LHS a (b a 2b b 3b c c a 2c b 3c c )

[1]

a (b a ) 3a (b c ) a (c a ) 2a (c b ) as b b c c 0

[1]

3 a b

[1]

3 a b
21.

[1/2]

c 2 a c b
c 2 a b

c a b

[1]

As 2 : 3: 4 5: 2 :1, the lines are not parallel

[1/2]

Any point on the first line is (2 1,3 2, 4 a)

[1]

Any point on the second line is (5 4, 2 1, )

[1]

Lines will be skew, if, apart from being non parallel, they do not intersect. There must not exist
a pair of values of , , which satisfy the three equations simultaneously:

2 1 5 4,3 2 2 1, 4 a Solving the first two equations, we get 1, 1


[1]
These values will not satisfy the third equation if a 3
22.

[1/2]

Let E1 First ball drawn is white, E2 First ball drawn is green, A Second ball drawn is
white

[1]

The required probability, by Bayes Theorem, =

P( E1 / A)

23.

P( E1 ) P( A / E1 )
P( E1 ) P( A / E1 ) P( E2 ) P( A / E2 )

[1]

6 5

5
10 9

6 5 4 6 9

10 9 10 9

[2]

Let X denote the random variable. X=0, 1, 2 n = 2, p = , q =

[1/2]

xi

pi

1
2

9
3
C 0 4 16

13 6
C 1 4 4 16

Total

[1+1/2]

1
1
C 2 4 16

xipi

6/16

2/16

1/2

xi 2 pi

6/16

4/16

5/8

Mean = xi pi

1
2

[1/2]

[1/2]

Variance = xi 2 pi xi pi

Marks

[1/2]

5 1 3

8 4 8

[1/2]

Section D
24.

x 0, , y 9x2 6x 5 (3x 1)2 6 5..........(1) Range f = 5, codomain f, hence, f


is not onto and hence, not invertible

[2]

Let us take the modified codomain f = 5,

[1/2]

Let us now check whether f is one-one. Let x1 , x2 0, such that

f ( x1 ) f ( x2 ) 3x1 1 6 3x2 1 6 3x1 1 3x2 1 x1 x2 Hence, f is one-one.


2

Since, with the modified codomain = the Range f, f is both one-one and onto, hence invertible.
[1+1/2]
From (1) above, for any y 5, , (3x 1) 2 y 6 x

f 1 : 5, 0, , f 1 ( y)

y 6 1
3

y 6 1
3

[1]
[1]

OR
Let a, b , c, d Q Q . Then b + ad may not be equal to d + cb. We find that

1, 2 2,3 2,5 , 2,3 1, 2 2,7 2,5 Hence, is not commutative.

[1]

Let

a, b , c, d , e, f Q Q,( a, b c, d ) e, f ace, b ad acf a, b (c, d ) e, f )


Hence, is associative.

[1]

x, y Q Q is the identity element for if

x, y a, b a, b x, y a, b a, b Q Q i.e.,
xa, y xb ax, b ay a, b i.e., xa a, y xb b ay b , (x, y) = (1, 0) satisfies these
equations. Hence, (1, 0) is the identity element for

[2]

c, d Q Q is the inverse of a, b Q Q if
c, d a, b a, b c, d 1, 0 , i.e., (ac, b ad ) (ca, d cb) (1, 0) c

1
b
,d
. The
a
a

1 b
)
a a

inverse of a, b Q Q, a 0 is ( ,

a b
25.

LHS =

1
abc

1
abc

c2

b2

b2

a b c a b c

[1/2]

a2

c a

0
b c a (b c a)

c2
a2

(b c a )(b c a )

(b c a )(b c a )

c a

a b c

0
(b c a )

abc

a b c

a b c

(b c a ) (b c a )
2

a b c
0
(2a )

abc

a b c

ac bc c
0
(2ac)

abcca

a b c
abcca

ac bc
a2
0

(C1 C1 C3 , C2 C2 C3 )

c2
a2

c a

[1]

[1/2]
2

0
c2
(b c a ) a 2 ( R3 R3 ( R1 R2 ))
(2c)
2ca
2

c2

b c

a2

[2]

[1]

c2

(ba ca a 2 ) a 2
(2ca)
2ca
c2
c2
(ba ca ) a 2 (C1 C1 C3 , C2 C2 C3 )
0
2ca

[1/2]

[1]

a b c

a b c

2c 2 a 2
abcca

a b

c
c
(b c) a (C1 C1 C3 , C2 C2 C3 )
0
1

a
0

ab ac b

[1]

bc ac 2(a b c )3

[1/2]

OR

pq
q2
1
pq
pr
Given equation
pq
p q q r
0
q 2 pr
1

pq
pr
pq
p q q r

q 2 pr

pq

q 2 pr

[1]

q 2 pr
pq pr 0 ( R1 R1 R2 )
0

0
1
pq
pr
p q q r

q 2 pr

p
pq

pq q 2
pq pr 0
0

[1]

1
pq pr 0
0

[1]

0
1
1
q
r
q r 0
p q q r
0

[1]

0
0
1
q
q q r 0(C2 C2 C3 )
p q q r
0

[1]

q 2 pr 2
(q rq pq 2 q 2 ) 0 (q 2 pr )(2q r p 2 ) 0 q 2 pr 0 (i.e., p, q, r
q

are in GP) or 2q r p 2 =0(i.e., is a root of the equation 2qx r px 2 =0

[1]

26.

Figure [1 Marks]

2
Solving y 5 x , y x 1 we get ( x 1)2 5 x 2 x 2 x 2 0 x 2, 1

[1]

The required area = the shaded area =

2
2
( 5 x (1 x))dx ( 5 x ( x 1))dx
1

[2]
2

x2

1
x
x2
( 5 x dx 1 x dx (( x 1))dx x 5 x 2 5sin 1

2
2 1 2
5 1
1
1
1
1
2

[1+ ]

2
2
1 5
(sin 1
sin 1
) sq units
5
5
2 2

27.

[1/2]

( x)sin( x) cos( x)
x) cos x sin x
2 (
x sin x cos x
2
2
2
2
dx
I 4
dx
dx , I
4
4
sin x cos 4 x
cos
x

sin
x
4
4
0
0
0
sin ( x) cos ( x)
2
2

[1]

( ) cos x sin x
2I 2 4
dx
cos x sin 4 x
0
2

[1/2],

cos x sin x
cos x sin x

tan x sec x
cos ec 2 x cot x
2 I ( )[
dx

dx
]

(
)[
dx

4
4
cot 4 x 1 dx] [2]
2 0 cos 4 x sin 4 x
2 0 1 tan 4 x
cos x sin x

1
1
2I ( )[
dt
dp] substituting
2
4 0 1 t
1 p2
1
tan 2 x t , cot 2 x p 2 tan x sec2 xdx dt , 2cot x cos ec 2 xdx dp

2 I ( )[tan 1 t ]10 ( )[tan 1 p]10


4
4
8
I

[1]
[1]

[1/2]

16
OR
4

f ( x) x e , f ( x)dx lim h f (rh), nh 4


2x

n , h0

r 1

f (rh) rh e 2 rh , f (rh) h r e 2 rh

n(n 1) 2 h e2 nh 1
e
2
e2 h 1

f ( x)dx lim [nh


n , h 0

lim[4
h 0

[1]

r 1

nh h 2 h e8 1 1
e 2h
]
e 1 2
2
2h

4 h 2 h e8 1 1
e8 1
e 2h
] 8
e 1 2
2
2
2h

[1]

[2]
[1]

[1]

28.

i j k
n b1 b2 1 1 2 5i 7 j k
2 1 3

[2]

The equation of the plane is r n (5i 7 j k) (4i 3 j 2k), i.e., r (5i 7 j k) 1


The position vector of any point on the given line is (1 )i (2 3 ) j (1 9 ) k
We have (1 )5 (2 3 )7 (1 9)1 1

29.

[1]
[1]
[1]

[1/2]

The position vector of the required point is j 8k

[1/2]

Let x kg of Food 1 be mixed with y kg of Food 2. Then to minimize the cost, C = 50x + 70y
subject to the following constraints: 2 x y 8, x 2 y 10, x 0, y 0

[2]

Graph [2]
At

(0, 8)

Rs 560

(2,4)

Rs 380

(10.0)

Rs 500

Marks

[1]

In the half plane 50x + 70y < 380, there is no point common with the feasible region. Hence, the
minimum cost is Rs 380.
[1]
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