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OCSN/RMCS Data Communication &

Network Principles
Section A 2
Digital signal transmission impairments

Attenuation & noise


Attenuation - how does it
vary with frequency?
how is maximum data rate
related to bandwidth?

Stallings Chapter 3
Relevant sections in Halsalls book:
2.2, 2.4
Background information in Forouzans book:
7.3

Thermal and impulsive


noise sources?

(Halsall Fig 2.6)

Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

Section A 2, Page 1

Propagation delay

Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

Section A 2, Page 2

Termination and reflections

What is velocity factor and what is its value


for typical cables?
If a transmission medium causes dispersion
what does this mean?
what effect does it have on data transmission?

Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

criteria for error-free data


recovery?

Section A 2, Page 3

For high speed data transmission,


transmission lines should be terminated in
their characteristic impedance
What is the effect of improper termination?
What determines the maximum data rate that
can be transmitted along an unterminated
interconnection?
What is back matching?
Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

Section A 2, Page 4

Eye diagrams &


intersymbol
interference (1)

Eye diagrams & intersymbol interference (2)

Binary eye diagram


how is it displayed?
what does it indicate?

Binary eye diagrams from a laboratory experiment


Baseband binary data transmission via band-limited channel
What requirement must be met if data is to be recovered?
(Adapted from Halsall Fig 2.8)

Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

Section A 2, Page 5

Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

Section A 2, Page 6

NEXT
canceller
waveforms

Crosstalk and cancellation

(Halsall Fig 2.9(a))

Why does a
practical NEXT
canceller need to
be adaptive?

What is crosstalk and what causes it?


Under what circumstances can Near End Crosstalk
(NEXT) be cancelled?
(Halsall Fig 2.9(b))

Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

Section A 2, Page 7

Data Comm. & Net. Principles, Ed.3, D. Lauder.

Section A 2, Page 8